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In vitro Repression of Cyclooxygenase, Acetylcholinesterase Activities and Bacterial Growth by Trans-phytol and a Glycolipid from the Leaves of Homalomena sagittifolia
Conclusion: These results indicated the potential pharmacological properties of the leaves of H. sagittifolia and supported the traditional uses of the plant. Further studies are needed to understand its molecular interactions. This may lead to the development of standardized crude drugs and/or nutraceutical agents. (Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant)
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - August 15, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Pro-oxidant Activity and Genotoxicity of the Astronium fraxinifolium Using Wing SMART and Allium cepa Test
Astronium fraxinifolium is an arboreal species found throughout the Brazilian Cerrado region and used in folk medicine as antimicrobial, anti-hemorrhagic and healing. Pro-oxidant activity of extracts of A. fraxinifolium through Relative Electrophoresis Mobility (REM) of Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) protein in presence of the extract and Cu2+ and also the genotoxic potential through Somatic Mutation and Recombination Test (SMART) and Allium cepa tests has been investigated during this study. In the REM, the extracts acting exclusively on BSA resulted in a band formation with higher molecular weight than BSA, probably due to o...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - April 15, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Cytotoxicity, Genotoxicity and Antioxidant Activity of Extracts from Capsicum spp.
Extracts of different genotypes of Capsicum (C. annuum L., C. baccatum L., C. chinense Jacq., C. frutescens L. and C. praetermissum) were investigated for total phenolics, flavonoids, capsaicinoids contents and antioxidant activity objectifying to determine the relations between these bioactive compounds and the antioxidant capacity and also examine its cytotoxic and genotoxic potential. Capsicum praetermissum showed the highest total antioxidant activity and the highest concentrations of phenolic compounds and flavonoids. For C. annuum and C. frutescens the antioxidant activity was significant and the levels of phenolic c...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - April 15, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Acute Oral Toxicity Testing of Ethyl Acetate Fraction from Garcinia mangostana Linn Extract in Sprague-Dawley Rats
Garcinia mangostana-Linn (GM) or commonly known as Manggis by Indonesian, is a tropical tree native to Southeast Asia. It produces a fruit, whose pericarp contains tricyclic isoprenylated polyphenol or xanthones. The toxicity’s evaluation of the ethyl acetate fraction from GM pericarp extract was needed before therapeutic use. The purpose of this article is to examine the oral acute toxicity test. The acute toxicity test was conducted in female sprague-dawley rats as per standard protocol. One group of rats administered single dose of 8 mg kg–1 b.wt. and the second group with a single dose of 18 mg kg–1 b.wt...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - March 15, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Supressive and Prophylactic Potentials of Flavonoid-rich Extract of Adansonia digitata L. Stem Bark in Plasmodium berghei-infected Mice
This study investigated the suppressive and prophylactic potentials of flavonoid-rich extracts of Adansonia digitata stem bark in Plasmodium berghei infected mice. The albino mice were administered with two different doses (200 and 400 mg kg–1 b.wt.) of extract for five consecutive days. About 5 mg kg–1 b.wt. day–1 dose of artemether-lumefantrine and 5 mg kg–1 b.wt. day–1 dose of chloroquine were used as reference drugs while the control mice received only the vehicle (5% v/v tween 80). In the prophylactic groups, the mice were pretreated daily for five days before they were challenged with inoculu...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - March 15, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Yield and Essential Oil of Sweet Basil Affected by Chemical and Biological Fertilizers
This study was carried out to describe detailed growth and chemical investigation of sweet basil essential oil affected by chemical and biological fertilizations. The various fresh and dry weights of herb in general changed under the various NPK fertilization+biological fertilization levels. The highest fresh and dry weights of herb (g plant–1 and t ha–1) were recoded with NPK (75%)+biological fertilizers treatment during the second harvest with the values of 721.2, 49.8 and 79.4, 4.4, respectively. The highest essential oil contents (0.4%, 0.7 mL plant–1and 57.9 L ha–1) were recorded at NPK (75%)+biolo...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - March 15, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Activity of Indigowoad (Isatis indigotica Fort) and Plains Wild Indigo (Baptisia bracteata) Roots
Indigowoad Roots (IR) (Isatis indigotica Fort) and Plains Wild Indigo Roots (PWIR) (Baptisia bracteata) have been shown to be high in phenolic compounds and plants high in phenolic compounds often have beneficial health effects including antimicrobial activity. Indigowoad is a well-known medicinal plant as well as an edible plant root similar to daikon, sweet potatoes, yam, ginseng and carrots. Plains wild indigo roots, leaves and seeds have traditionally been used by native Americans for medicinal purposes and its extracts are consumed to enhance health. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of IR and PWIR was determined on...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - March 15, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

In-vitro Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of Bougainvillea glabra Flower
The aim of the present study is to assess the phytochemical nature, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of methanolic extract of Bougainvillea glabra flower. Antioxidants play an important role in protecting cellular damage by reactive oxygen species. The fractions of the flower extract were screened for antioxidant activities using DPPH radical scavenging activity, reducing power assay, total antioxidant capacity and reduction of ferric ions by o-phenanthroline color method. Antimicrobial activities of different solvent fractions were tested against gram positive and gram negative bacterial strains by observing the z...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - March 15, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Nigerian Folklore Medicinal Plants with Potential Antifertility Activity in Males: A Scientific Appraisal
In spite of the many achievements in health care delivery in the current century as evidenced by the rapid progress and expansion of orthodox medicine, people in Nigeria like in most of the developing countries lack regular access to essential medicines. For these people, faith in and popularity of traditional methods have not decreased because modern medicine is unlikely to be a tenable treatment alternative primarily because of its high cost. The cost of modern medicine is constantly increasing with improvements in modern health technology and in many cases is inappropriate to the immediate needs of people in developing ...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - March 15, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Influence of Different Cytokinins on the Growth, [6]-Gingerol Production and Antioxidant Activity of in vitro Multiple Shoot Culture of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe)
The growth, [6]-gingerol production and antioxidant activity of ginger multiple shoots cultured in MS medium containing 1 mg L–1 α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) in combination with varying levels of different cytokinins, namely, benzylaminopurine (BAP), kinetin (KIN) and thidiazuron (TDZ) were determined. The [6]-gingerol content ranged from 125-344 μg per culture bottle, with the highest production found in ginger shoot cultures planted in MS medium containing 2 mg L–1 BAP. Growth was inversely correlated to [6]-gingerol production attributed to the negative effects of oxidized phenols on plant developm...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - January 16, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Solanum nigrum Leaf: Natural Food Against Diabetes and its Bioactive Compounds
In the present study, antidiabetic activity of the leaf extract of Solanum nigrum (SN), a traditional edible plant was investigated in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Novel microwave extraction method was used to get more activity and bioactive compound. The SN leaf extract indicated significant inhibition for glucose diffusion and also for other pancreatic enzymes such as α- amylase (IC50-39±0.06 μg mL–1) and α-glucosidase (IC50-78.8±0.7 μg mL–1). The antidiabetic activity of the SN leaf extract (125, 250 and 375 mg kg–1) was investigated in streptozotocin-induced diabe...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - January 16, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Use of Partial Least Square-Discriminant Analysis Combined with Mid Infrared Spectroscopy for Avocado Oil Authentication
The falsification of high price edible oils such as avocado oil become a serious problem in the oil trade. Simple and rapid methods for identifying and discriminating authentic Avocado Oil (AO) from its adulterants are increasing demand. This current work proposes the use of combination of mid infrared spectroscopy technique with Partial Least Square-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) as direct and rapid tool to discriminate authentic AO from the adulterants of Soybean Oil (SO) and Grape Seed Oil (GSO) in binary and ternary mixture. Discrimination was carried out using the chemometrics approach, namely PLS-DA based on the infr...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - January 16, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Contents of Important Phenolic Compounds in Indigowoad (Isatis indigotica Fort.) and Plains Wild Indigo (Baptisia bracteata) Roots
The levels of some phenolic compounds were determined for Indigowoad Root (IR) and the Plains Wild Indigo Root (PWIR) to provide insights on their health benefits. The IR is a well-known medicinal plant as well as an edible plant root similar to daikon, sweet potatoes, yam, ginseng and carrots. The PWIR roots, leaves and seeds have traditionally been used by Native Americans for medicinal purposes and its extracts are consumed to enhance health. Total phenolic, total flavonoid, p-coumaric acid, gallic acid, syringic acid and vanillic acid contents were determined. Overall, the phenolic compounds of PWIR and IR either excee...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - January 16, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized Using the Extract of the Leaves of Tridax procumbens
This study reports the synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the extract of Tridax procumbens Linn. leaves, characterization of the synthesized nanoparticles and the evaluation of blood clotting activity of the nanoparticles. Ultraviolet-Visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy confirmed the synthesis of nanoparticles. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) studies revealed the characteristics of the nanoparticles synthesized. The nanoparticles have been found to reduce the time taken for blood clotting significantly (p = 0.01) and thus proved to be efficient h...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - January 16, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Phytochemical Screening, Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Activities Of Formulation Cream of Silene vulgaris
The present study evaluates the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of cream formulation of Silene vulgaris leaves in rats. The anti-inflammatory effect of cream of Silene vulgaris at doses of 10 and 20% applied topically and was evaluated in rats during 6 h using the acute anti-inflammatory model of carrageenan-induced paw edema and during 7 days by chronic anti-inflammatory activity of cotton pellet induced granuloma. The analgesic activity using two in vivo models: acetic acid-induced writhing test and plantar test (Hargreaves method) was also studied. Furthermore, the acute toxicity of topical cream was evaluate...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - January 16, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of Methanol Extract of Ricinus communis (RC) Seeds on Blood Glucose Levels, Antioxidant Enzymes and Haematological Parameters of Alloxan Induced Male Wistar Albino Rats
The study investigated the effect of methanol extract of R. communis seeds on blood glucose levels, antioxidant enzymes and haematological parameters of alloxan induced male Wistar albino rats. The methanol extract had LD50 value above 5000 mg kg–1 b.wt. After alloxan induction of diabetes, a significant (p
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - January 16, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Studies on Nutraceutical Properties of Caesalpinia bonducella L.: An Indian Traditional Medicinal Plant
Caesalpinia bonducella L. belongs to the family Caesalpiniaceae is distributed throughout India and commonly known as Kazhichikkai in Tamil. In the present study, attempts were made to assess the physicochemical, phytochemical, nutritional and pharmacological properties of C. bonducella seeds. Powder microscopy revealed characteristics features of C. bonducella seeds. Physicochemical properties such as foreign matter (0.97%), loss on drying (8.83%), total ash (3.37%), solubility in water (28.8%) and extractive value in water (6.7%) were revealed by the sample. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloid (0.12 ...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - January 16, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Cytotoxicity and Genotoxicity of Tridax procumbens L. in Allium cepa
This study was conducted to investigate cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of ethanolic, aqueous and hydroethanolic extracts of this species and a phytochemical screening of different classes present in extract by HPLC-PAD. Allium cepa seedlings were exposed to extracts for 48 h. After this period, the seedlings were replaced in distilled water. Then the roots were hydrolyzed in hydrochloric acid (HCl) 1 N and stained with Schiff reactive. The roots were placed on slides, then was added a drop of 2% acetic carmine and covered with coverslips and were observed 5000 cells per treatment. It was found that different extracts led ...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Comparative Study of Potential Anti-Cancerous and Cardio Protective Activities of Methanolic Leaf Extract of Cycleabarbata and Entadapursaetha
The comparative study was aimed to evaluate the potential anticancerous and cardioprotective activities of methanolic leaf extract of Cycleabarbata and Entadapursaetha. The screening of anticancerous activity was performed using brine shrimp lethality bioassay while the cardioprotective activity was evaluated using the in vitro clot lysis model. Significant anticancerous activity was found for methanolic leaf extract of C. barbata whereas moderate effect was found for methanolic leaf extract of E. pursaetha and it was compared with the standard drug vincristine sulfate in the brine shrimp lethality bioassay. In the present...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Plant: Parthenium hysterophorus L.
Plants produce a diverse range of bioactive molecules, making them rich source of different types of medicines. In the present study, the in vitro antimicrobial activity of medicinal plant Parthenium hysterophorus, was evaluated by using chloroform, methanol, acetone, ethyl acetate, petroleum ether and distilled water. The extracts were tested against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Bacillus subtilis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Staphylococcus aureus by using agar well diffusion method. Ciprofloxacin and Amphotericin were used as standard antibiotics. Some of the solvent extracts of the plant s...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Protective Role of Aqueous Guava Leaf Extract Against Caffeine Induced Spermatotoxicity in Albino Rats
This study investigated the protecting potential of Aqueous Guava (Psidium guajava) Leaf Extract (AGLE) against caffeine induced spermatotoxicity in albino rat models. Thirty healthy and sexually matured albino rats were divided into five groups of six rats each using a completely randomized design. They were treated with caffeine and AGLE combinations orally for 65 days. The result showed that caffeine significantly (p
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Green Coffee Extract Protects H9C2 Cardiomyocytes from Doxorubicin Induced Apoptosis
Green Coffee Extract (GCE), an extract of Coffea arabica bean is a popular health supplement employed for anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effects. Here a hydroalcoholic extract of Green Coffee (GCE) was evaluated for its potential as a cardioprotective agent against Doxorubicin (Dox) induced cardiac insult in a H9C2 rat cardiomyocyte in vitro model system. The GCE was tested in an MTT viability assay using 1 μM Dox with and without GCE pretreatment at 50, 100 and 250 μg mL–1 concentrations. GCE was also tested for its free radical scavenging ability in a DPPH assay at 10 concentrations (500 μg mL–1 maximu...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Anti-Diabetic Effect of Anthocleista vogelii Ethanolic Root Extract in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats
This study was carried out to evaluate the potential anti-diabetic effect of Anthocleista vogelii ethanolic root extract in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Albino rats of both sexes were randomly divided into five groups with five rats each. Group 1 (control; 10 mL kg–1 distilled water), group 2-4 (100, 200 and 400 mg kg–1 A. vogelii ethanolic root extract) and group 5 (5 mg kg–1 glibenclamide). Diabetes was induced physiologically using 10 g kg–1 glucose p.o. and chemically using 150 mg kg–1 alloxan i.p. Fasting blood glucose levels of the diabetic rats were determined at intervals of 30, 60, 120 a...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Physico-Chemical Characterization of Avocado (Persea americana Mill.) Oil from Three Indonesian Avocado Cultivars
A study was carried out to determine the physico-chemical characteristics of avocado oil derived from three Indonesian avocado cultivars, namely Bantul (MAB), Purwokerto (MAP) and Garut (MAG). The extraction of avocado oil from avocado fruit was carried out using solvent extraction method. The avocado oil obtained from all samples had a green yellowish color. The iodine value of MAG is 88.7 g I2/100 g oil, slightly higher than MAB (87.0 g I2/100 g oil) and MAP (77.09 g I2/100 g oil) indicated that MAG contains more unsaturated fatty acid. The saponification values of avocado oil were 193.1 mg KOH/g oil for MAB, 198.4 mg KO...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Potential of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) Rhizome and Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) Seeds in Mitigating Aspartame-Induced Oxidative Stress in Rat Model
Aspartame (ASP) consumption has been reported to implicate oxidative stress and antioxidant supplements from plant origin are one of the safest ways of averting their effect in the body. The current study was aimed at ascertaining the ability of aspartame (ASP) to induce oxidative stress in rats as well as assessing the potential of ginger (Zingiber officinale) rhizome and watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) seeds extracts in averting the aspartame induced oxidative stress. This was done using sperm parameters and biochemical assays such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase, melonaldehyde (MDA),...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

GC/MS Determination of Bioactive Constituents of Methanol Fraction of Spilanthes uliginosa (Sw) Leaves
Plant as a source of herbal medicine is the oldest form of medicine known to mankind. It was the mainstay of many earlier civilization and still the most widely practiced form of medicine in the world currently. The GS-MS analysis of the leaf extract of Spilanthes uliginosa (Sw) was investigated. The analysis revealed the presence of six peaks from the chromatogram which showed six phytocompounds. The major phytocompounds identified in the leaf extract are hexadecanoic acid (8.68%), hepta-9, 10, 11-trienoic acid (19.36%), octadecenoic acid (8.14%), 5- hydroxylmethyl heptadecane (14.02%), docosane aldehyde (41.72%) and 1-et...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Ethnomedicinal Uses of Tree Species by Tharu Tribes in the Himalayan Terai Region of India
The present investigation aimed at documenting medicinally important species of trees used by Tharu tribe in the Himalayan Terai region of India. Out of 204 tree species belonging to 143 genera and 50 families reported in this study, uses of 148 species have been recorded from this region for the first time. Twenty nine leguminous species belonging to 16 genera are most commonly used by tribal people of the region. Eight species of Ficus are used in different diseases. About 75% of total tree species of medicinal uses have been found in wild habitat while the remaining species are cultivated. It has been noticed that bark ...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Resistance, Pharmacology Properties and Nutritional Value of a Shrub from Arid Environments Atriplex halimus
The objective of this review is to give value to this important traditional medicinal plant as antidiabetic, to set other biological and nutritional properties and its importance as resistant shrubs and good forage in severe environmental conditions. (Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant)
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Nativity, Phytochemistry, Ethnobotany and Pharmacology of Dianthus caryophyllus
Dianthus caryophyllus L. (carnation) is an important cut flower in trade. This plant traditionally used in China, Japan and Korea in the treatment of wounds and gastro-intestinal disorder and various other ailments. In recent pharmacological studies plant tested for anticancer, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and anti-insecticide activities. Kaempferide triglycoside a phenolic compound from plant exhibit anticancer properties against colon cancer cell lines and also show antifungal properties against Fusarium wilt causative pathogenic fungi. Plant extract possesses antibacterial properties against Helicobacter pylori,...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 22, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Rapid Determination of Saponification Value in Red Fruit Oil by Infrared Spectroscopy and Partial Least Square Calibration
This study concluded that ATR-FTIR spectra can be used to determine SV of RFO. The developed method is simple, rapid with a total analysis time per sample of less than 2 min and environment friendly. (Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant)
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 18, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Screening of UVA/UVB Absorption and in vitro Antioxidant Capacity of Bejaria aestuans, Cavendishia pubescens and Cavendishia bracteata Leaf Extracts
The UV solar radiation accelerates skin aging, leading to loss of skin elasticity and decreasing the capacity of the skin to hold water, which are implicated in the formation of the most obvious sign of aging, skin wrinkling and related health problems in humans. Usually, synthetic sunscreens have been used to minimize these effects. However, some phenolic compounds present in plants play an important role as photoprotectors. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of three plants from Ericaceae family as UVA-UVB filters and its antioxidant capacity. Leaf extracts of B. aestuans, C. bracteata and C. pubescence s...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 18, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Documentation of Physiochemical Parameters of the Folkloric Medicinal Plant Pisonia grandis R.Br. Reared under Greenhouse and Local Environment Conditions
Medicinal plants represent the eternal kindness of almighty for the perpetuation of life in the universe. Pisonia grandis R.Br. is a flowering plant of the four O’clock family Nyctaginaceae, commonly called lettuce tree. The medicinal potential of the plant is well established and is documented by many workers. The present study is aimed to document the physiochemical parameters of the plant P. grandis reared under green house and local environment conditions. Standard methods were adopted for the physiochemical analyses. Physiochemical parameters of leaves, stem and roots of P. grandis revealed that the plant parts a...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 18, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

FT-IR Spectroscopic Analysis of Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch Seed Extracts and their Antibacterial Activity
This study was designed to find out the bioactive functional groups present in seed extracts of Holoptelea integrifolia for their antibacterial activity. The characterization of functional groups was achieved by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis. Antibacterial activity of methanolic, chloroform and aqueous seed extracts was evaluated against four pathogenic bacterial strains viz. Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Salmonella typhimurium by disc diffusion method. The FT-IR analysis revealed the presence of phenols, alcohols, aldehydes, amines, phosphines, nitriles...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 18, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Modulatory Effects of Alstonia scholaris on Biochemical and Antioxidant Parameters in Experimentally Induced Hepatotoxicity in Wistar Rats
Alstonia scholaris (Apocynaceae) is an important constituent of numerous ayurvedic preparations. The present study was aimed to evaluate the modulatory effects of Alstonia scholaris on biochemical and antioxidant parameters in acetaminophen (APAP) induced hepatotoxicity. Hepatic biomarkers viz. aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST, ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT), paraoxonase (PON1), arylesterase (AE), ceruloplasmin (CP), bilirubin, plasma proteins and oxidative stress biomarkers like Total Oxidant Status (TOS), Total Antioxidant Status (TAS), blood gl...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 18, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Comparative Study of Biochemical Changes in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Mice Treated with Extracts of Spathodea campanulata Flowering Branch and Barks
On the light of the antihyperglycemic effect of bark extract of S. campanulata (SC) that was detected by few previous studies, we aimed to investigate the glucose lowering effect of flowering branch and bark extracts of SC and its possible mechanistic background. The crude methanolic extracts of the bark and the flowering branch were tested for their anti-hyperglycemic effect in forty mice divided into 5 groups: group 1 received only 1% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as negative control, all the other groups were subjected to alloxan induction of diabetes mellitus from which second group left without any treatment as positi...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 18, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Soil Sodicity Induced Changes in Aromatic Plants: Effects on Growth, Water Relation, Photosynthetic Pigments, Antioxidative Enzymes, Cations Concentration and Quality of Ocimum sanctum
To assess the salt tolerance mechanism in aromatic plants, a soil pot experiment was conducted on Ocimum sanctum (shyama tulsi). The plants were raised on natural sodic soils having different levels of Exchangeable Sodium Percentage (ESP) i.e.,: 4.37 (control), 15.7 (low), 35.6 (medium) and 54.5 (high) ESP levels in complete randomized design. Results indicated that increased in ESP significantly decreases vegetative growth and dry matter yields of the plant. The pH and EC of cell sap and proline content were increased than the control while water potential decreases (became more negative). Activities of enzymatic and some...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 18, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Trachyspermum ammi: A Review on its Multidimensional Uses in Indian Folklore Medicines
Trachyspermum ammi commonly known as ‘Ajwain’ in India is distributed throughout India and is mostly cultivated in Gujarat and Rajasthan. The fruit possesses stimulant, antispasmodic and carminative properties and is used traditionally as an important remedial agent for flatulence, atonic dyspepsia, diarrhea, abdominal tumors, abdominal pains, piles, bronchial problems, lack of appetite, galactogogue, asthma and amenorrhea. Medicinally, it has been proven to possess various pharmacological activities like antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, cytotoxic, hypolipidemic, antihypertensive, antispas...
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - November 18, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research