Do importance instructions improve time-based prospective remembering in autism spectrum conditions?
This study explored the impact of motivation on the memory for delayed intentions (so-called, prospective memory, PM) in autistic individuals. Specifically, we were interested in the effects of personal (i.e., receiving a reward) as compared to social motivation (i.e., performing a favour for someone). Given the well-established theory of mind deficits in autism, we expected autistic individuals to benefit more strongly from personal than social importance manipulations, whereas the opposite pattern was predicted for controls. Sixty-one adolescents with autism and 61 typically developing adolescents participated, with each...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 21, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Immediate effects of coloured overlays on the reading performance of preschool children with an autism spectrum disorder using eye tracking
ConclusionsUse of coloured overlays may not be useful to improve reading and ocular performance in children with ASD in one single occasion. The potential effect on reading ability of using coloured overlays repetitively for a longer period needs further investigation. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 15, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Picture my well-being: Listening to the voices of students with autism spectrum disorder
Conclusions and implicationsTo promote well-being, barriers should be mitigated, while external and internal assets developed. Researchers should also consider the use of Photovoice to enable students’ meaningful participation in research studies. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 13, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Pay attention to digital text: The impact of the media on text comprehension and self-monitoring in higher-education students with ADHD
ConclusionsUnderstanding a digitally displayed text is more challenging for students with ADHD than their peers, particularly when the conditions of the comprehension task favor good SRL skills. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 12, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Children with developmental disabilities experience higher levels of adversity
ConclusionThis study documents significant disparities in adversity among children with DD using a population-based sample. These adversities potentially compromise successful transition to adulthood and overall health outcomes. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 9, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental outcomes of the West syndrome in pediatric patients: The first report from the Middle-East
ConclusionWS was associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcome in our study. Severe developmental delay was associated with two major factors: (i) presence of a specific underlying abnormality (symptomatic WS) and(ii) persistent seizures as a result of the former. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 9, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom profiles of children with comorbid Down syndrome (DS) and ASD: A comparison with children with DS-only and ASD-only
Conclusions and ImplicationsThese findings suggest that children with DS + ASD have a distinct profile of ASD symptoms that differs from peers with either disorder in isolation. Thus, care should be taken in evaluating and designing treatments for this group. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 8, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Student–teacher relationships of children with autism spectrum disorder: Distinct contributions of language domains
Conclusions and implicationsPragmatic and semantic language skills were associated with closer relationships. Language-focused therapies may be effective in carrying over to impact STR quality. Given the stability in relationship quality, targeted interventions should be delivered to teachers at the beginning of the school year to support positive relationship development. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 8, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Feasibility of an app-based mindfulness intervention among women with an FMR1 premutation experiencing maternal stress
Conclusions: This study provides guidance for future mindfulness-based interventions to alleviate maternal stress in mothers of children with FXS. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 6, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Which linguistic measures distinguish transient from persistent language problems in Late Talkers from 2 to 4 years? A study on Italian speaking children
ConclusionsAn early syntactic comprehension delay was a predictive index of DLD in LTs, suggesting the importance of evaluating this language component when assessing LT toddlers.ImplicationsLTs with receptive-expressive language delay around 24–30 months could benefit from an early language intervention. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 3, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The prevalence of intellectual disability: A comparison of national census and register records
Conclusions: Determining the prevalence of intellectual disability is challenging due to variations in terminology. A national register has advantages over reliance on census data for service planning. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - April 3, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Effects of Snoezelen—Multisensory environment on CARS scale in adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder
The objective of this study is to determine the effects of Snoezelen, multisensory environment on the severity of ASD and stereotyped/repetitive behaviours in adolescents and adults using CARS scale.Method: The study involved 40 subjects with ASD associated with intellectual difficulties of both sexes, aged 15–35. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups: a control one (without treatment) and an experimental one (with treatment). The assessments were rated by CARS (Childhood Autism Rating Scale) before and after the three-month treatment.Results: In the experimental group, there was a statistically signific...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Can I teach students with Autism Spectrum Disorder?: Investigating teacher self-efficacy with an emerging population of students
Publication date: June 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 89Author(s): Abigail M.A. Love, Michael D. Toland, Ellen L. Usher, Jonathan M. Campbell, Amy D. SpriggsAbstractCurrently, 1 in 68 children in the U.S. is diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, 2015) and this growing population of learners has been noted as one of the most challenging groups to teach. Teacher self-efficacy, the belief teachers hold about their instructional capabilities, has been shown to differ according to contextual factors, such as the type of students teachers face. The...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 24, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Teachers' perceptions of Restricted and Repetitive Behaviours (RRBs) in children with ASD: Attributions, confidence and emotional response
Conclusion and implicationsThe findings indicate that teachers from mainstream schools potentially hold less helpful beliefs in response to RRBs and therefore are a professional group who may benefit the most from additional support and training. Further research could consider conducting a qualitative exploration of why teachers hold certain beliefs about RRBs and/or sampling those who are less experienced in working with children with ASD. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 17, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Internet addiction and attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder symptoms in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
ConclusionThe ADHD symptoms were strongly associated with IA in ASD adolescents. More intensive prevention and intervention for IA are needed especially for the ASD adolescents with ADHD symptoms. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 15, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A school-based physical activity intervention for children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled trial
Conclusions and implicationsThe findings suggest that a school-based FMS training program has the potential to promote physical and psychological health in children with DCD in the long run. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 14, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Stigma experienced by families of individuals with intellectual disabilities and autism: A systematic review
Publication date: June 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 89Author(s): Natasha Mitter, Afia Ali, Katrina SciorAbstractStudies have investigated the experiences of courtesy stigma and affiliate stigma in family members of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) without a clear distinction between the two. This systematic literature review aimed to evaluate the findings of studies that examined the experiences of stigma in families of individuals with intellectual disabilities and/or autism. A systematic search of PsycINFO, ERIC and Scopus identified relevant articles publis...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 14, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: May 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 88Author(s): (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Sustained attention in sensory modulation disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
ConclusionWe conclude that impaired sustained attention cannot differentiate between SMD and ADHD. Hence, these results should be taken under consideration in the assessment process of ADHD vs. SMD. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 7, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

From early intervention to elementary school: A survey of transition support practices for children with autism spectrum disorders
Conclusions and ImplicationsThe present study highlights areas for improvement in transition support practice and policy. Namely, increased government support could lead to increased levels of elementary school engagement, which has important implications for children’s long- and short-term educational outcomes. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 7, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Executive function in the classroom: Cognitive flexibility supports reading fluency for typical readers and teacher-identified low-achieving readers
Conclusions and implicationsThese findings expand understanding of the neurocognitive basis of reading fluency and add to the growing body of evidence that EF underlies learning differences and serves as a useful target of intervention for LA students. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 7, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Early motor and pre-linguistic verbal development in Prader-Willi syndrome – A case report
Conclusions and implicationsEarly motor and pre-linguistic verbal behaviours were monotonous in an infant with PWS throughout his first 6 months of life. This suggests that early signs of neurodevelopmental dysfunction (i.e. abnormal general movements) might already be diagnosed in infants with PWS during their first weeks of life, potentially enabling us to diagnose and intervene at an early stage. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - March 4, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 87Author(s): (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - February 23, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

‘I don't live with autism; I live with my sister’. Sisters’ accounts on growing up with their preverbal autistic siblings
DiscussionAs experts of their own lived experience, sisters shed light on their day-to-day experiences. The themes derived from their experiences may help to draw attention to an appreciation of everyday life including planning for the parts that remain a struggle. This latter point is discussed in terms of implications and adoption of an existential view of wellbeing for future research and practice. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - February 23, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life and psychological wellbeing of children with Specific Learning Disorders and their mothers
Conclusions and implicationsThis study supports previous research about impaired HRQoL, symptoms of generalized anxiety, school-related anxiety and depressed mood in children with SpLD. Moreover, it provides evidence that mothers of children with SpLD may experience stress in coping with their child’s disability and develop socio-emotional symptoms such as anxiety. Implications concern the need to implement effective supportive services among children with SpLD and their parents. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - February 16, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The profile of very preterm children on academic achievement. A cross-population comparison with children with specific learning disorders
Conclusions and implicationsThe academic achievement profile of VPT children shows persistent delays, but it differs to that of SLD children, since delays are less widespread and severe, and differences were found in phenotypic markers and comorbidity. Follow-up programs and effective interventions are needed for VPT children. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - February 16, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The discrepancy between verbal and visuoperceptual IQ in children with a specific learning disorder: An analysis of 1624 cases
Publication date: April 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 87Author(s): Cesare Cornoldi, Rachele Di Caprio, Giulio De Francesco, Enrico ToffaliniAbstractChildren with a specific learning disorder (SLD) are often characterized by marked intellectual strengths and weaknesses. In the last few years, research has focused on a common discrepancy between low working memory and processing speed on the one hand, and high verbal and visuoperceptual intelligence on the other. SLD profiles featuring a specific discrepancy between verbal and visuoperceptual abilities have been only marginally considered, howeve...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - February 16, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Social adaptive skills and psychopathology in adults with intellectual disabilities of non-specific origin and those with Down syndrome
In conclusion, the regression coefficient analyses showed that the general level of psychopathology fully mediated the relationship between aetiology and social adaptive skills. A combined assessment of these dimensions should provide information about their predictive value for social functioning in ID adults and target specific remediation goals. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - February 6, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Personal relationships during end-of-life care: Support staff views of issues for individuals with intellectual disability
DiscussionThe frequency of family contact was not reported as increasing or decreasing following the diagnosis of a life-ending illness and during an individual’s end-of-life. A lack of counselling support was noted as potentially impairing the individual’s friends’ ability to cope with death. Staff also reported a number of concerns regarding how their relationships with the individual changed, particularly when end-of-life entailed potential movement of the individual with intellectual disability to a new residential setting. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - February 3, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: March 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 86Author(s): (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Emotion recognition from body movement and gesture in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder is improved by situational cues
ConclusionsThis study supports previous research which finds ER ability in people with ASD to be poorer than that of TD peers and that situational cues can aid ER ability. Importantly, the latter is true for people with ASD. The implication of these findings are programmes that aim to improve ER should consider using cues. Limitations of the study are discussed. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Evaluating the quality of outcomes defined for children with Education Health and Care plans in England: A local picture with global implications
This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes defined for children with education, health and care plans in England.236 Education Health and Care plans were included in the analysis, providing 2813 outcomes to be examined, which came from 11 local authorities and 42 schools and belong to 69 girls and 167 boys from 4 to 21 years of age.The outcomes were independently rated by two experienced researchers using a Goal Functionality Scale. Inter-rater agreement was calculated for 10% of the outcomes.Most outcomes were considered not to be functional or high-quality; differences in quality were found between local authorities, type...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Auditory identification of frequency-modulated sweeps and reading difficulties in Chinese
Conclusions and implicationThis study suggests that poor auditory frequency processing may associate with Chinese developmental dyslexia with phonological deficits. In support of the phonological deficit hypothesis, what underlies phonological deficit is likely to be auditory-basis. A potential clinical implication is to reinforce auditory perception and sensitivity through intervention for phonological processing. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Who is a better teacher for children with autism? Comparison of learning outcomes between robot-based and human-based interventions in gestural production and recognition
Conclusions and implicationsThe social cues found in the human-based intervention might not influence gestural learning. It does not matter who serves as teaching agents when the lessons are highly structured. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Changes in the health of mothers of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities: An administrative data study
ConclusionsDifferences in health and healthcare service utilization between mothers of children with and without NDD existed before the birth of the child and did not diverge in the 7 years post-birth. Replication of these findings is warranted as well as follow-up analyses examining longer term outcomes for mothers beyond 7 years post-birth. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Teacher responses to anxiety-related behaviours in students on the autism spectrum
Conclusions and implicationsTeachers report they are likely to respond differently to anxiety-related behaviours of students on the autism spectrum but the impact of this on the behaviour of these students is yet to be determined. Professional development is a priority to increase teacher knowledge about anxiety-related behaviours in students with autism and the ways in which teachers’ responses may promote or reduce anxiety and autonomy. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The influence of the family environment on adaptive functioning in the classroom: A longitudinal study of children with developmental disabilities
ConclusionsFindings indicate the influence of the early childhood home and family environment on school-based AF over time. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Prevalence of suspected developmental coordination disorder and associated factors in Spanish classrooms
ConclusionsA high percentage of Spanish schoolchildren are at risk for developing DCD. There is a strong connection between suspected DCD and socio-demographic factors. Protocols aimed to detect DCD and intervention programmes in classrooms designed to promote motor coordination skills need to take these factors into consideration. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The school experiences of bilingual children on the autism spectrum: An interpretative phenomenological analysis
In this study, we report the school experiences of bilingual, autistic children in the UK through their own voice with focus on five aspects of their school life.MethodUsing interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) as a methodological framework, semi-structured, computer-assisted interviews were conducted with 11 children aged 7 to 14 from across England and Wales. Interviews were carried out in English and took place in mainstream schools or the children’s home, depending on their preference.ResultsResults indicate that, while children’s school experiences vary widely, there were commonalities in this po...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

An integrative model of the subjective well-being of staff working in intellectual disability services
Conclusions and implicationsSocial self-care, mental health and conscientiousness were capable of explaining life satisfaction but only through hope, that is, these factors did not have significant direct effects. The presence of hope may be then necessary for these factors to benefit staff. Strengths and limitations are discussed. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 26, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 84Author(s): (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 13, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Editorial: DCD12
Publication date: January 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 84Author(s): Jan P. Piek, Melissa Licari, Beth Hands, Anna L. Barnett (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 13, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: February 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 85Author(s): (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - January 8, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Investigation of the relationship between electrodermal and behavioural responses to executive tasks in Prader-Willi syndrome: An event-related experiment
Conclusions and ImplicationsPWS is associated with a slight impairment of inhibition and a severe impairment of working memory updating. Furthermore, there are specific sympathetic autonomic signatures in PWS that do not present straightforward links with executive dysfunctions. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - December 25, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental correlates of behavioural and emotional problems in a neuropaediatric sample
Publication date: February 2019Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 85Author(s): Marianne Halvorsen, Børge Mathiassen, Even Myrbakk, Per Håkan Brøndbo, Ane Sætrum, Oddmar Ole Steinsvik, Monica MartinussenAbstractMost research does not address the overlap between neurodevelopmental disorders when investigating concomitant mental health problems. The purpose of the present study was to examine the association of intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with the presence of behavioural and emotional problems af...
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - December 22, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Validation of the modified checklist for autism in toddlers, revised with follow-up in Taiwanese toddlers
Conclusions and ImplicationsThe findings indicate that the M−CHAT-R/F–T is a valid and reliable tool for the developmental screening of low- and high-risk Taiwanese toddlers in community and clinical settings. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - December 21, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Implications of capacity in the classroom: Simplifying tasks for autistic children may not be the answer
Conclusion and ImplicationsThe current study suggests that pupils’ perceptual capacity– including those on the autistic spectrum - can indeed be capitalised on to support learning in the classroom. To do so, however, we must ensure that the child can use their capacity for task-relevant processing, rather than irrelevant distractions. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - December 21, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Daily living skills in children with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability: A comparative study from Turkey
ConclusionsDeficient DLS in Turkish children with ASD, given their IQ, suggest that lower level of adaptive skills is inherent in ASD, rather than culture-specific to US and Western Europe. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - December 19, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Parent-child interaction: A micro-level sequential approach in children with a significant cognitive and motor developmental delay
Conclusions and implicationsFurther intervention-oriented research is needed to confirm this study’s results and translate them into concrete guidelines for parents. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - December 19, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Adaptive behaviour and quality of life in school-age children with congenital visual disorders and different levels of visual impairment
Conclusion and implicationSevere congenital visual impairment affects adaptive behaviour in children with verbal abilities in the typical range. This effect is less pronounced in children with mild-to-moderate VI, but still impacts on quality of life, particularly in school. (Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities)
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - December 15, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research