Evaluating the use of gradient echo imaging for the detection of cerebral microbleeds in acute stroke cases: A retrospective data analysis in a UK stroke unit
Imaging in stroke, allows its classification into ischaemic stroke (IS) or intracranial haemorrhagic stroke (ICH), ensuring time-sensitive treatment to be administered. Imaging can also allow detection of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), which may further determine pharmacological intervention in acute stroke. True gradient echo (T2 ∗GRE) or susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) have high sensitivity for the detection of CMBs. These two sequences are included in the national guidelines; however, the implementation of these guidelines can vary depending on local interpretation and scanner capabilities. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - December 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: G. Walsh, T. Meagher, C. Malamateniou Source Type: research

Feedback during summative clinical assessments: Experiences of diagnostic radiography students at a higher education institution in South Africa
This article reports on the experiences of radiography students regarding summative clinical assessment feedback. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - December 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: H. Hodgson, A.D. Grobler, D. Morton Source Type: research

Please be upstanding – A narrative review of evidence comparing upright to supine lumbar spine MRI
The objective of the review was to examine the evidence comparing upright to supine MRI of the lumbar spine. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 30, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: M.A. Baker, S. MacKay Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Towards automated extraction of 2D standard fetal head planes from 3D ultrasound acquisitions: A clinical evaluation and quality assessment comparison
This study assessed the image quality of standard fetal head planes automatically-extracted from three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound fetal head volumes using a customised DL-algorithm. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 30, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: E. Skelton, J. Matthew, Y. Li, B. Khanal, J.J. Cerrolaza Martinez, N. Toussaint, C. Gupta, C. Knight, B. Kainz, J.V. Hajnal, M. Rutherford Source Type: research

The effect of a digital training tool to aid chest image interpretation: Hybridising eye tracking technology and a decision support tool
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the training tool on participant image interpretation performance. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: L. McLaughlin, C.M. Hughes, R. Bond, J. McConnell, A. Cairns, S.L. McFadden Source Type: research

Erratum regarding missing Declaration of Competing Interest statements in previously published articles
Declaration of Competing Interest statements were not included in the published version of the following articles that appeared in previous issues of Radiography. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

CTSim: Changing teaching practice in radiography with simulation
Simulation offers radiography students the possibility to experiment with Computed Tomography (CT) in a way not possible in clinical practice. The aim of this work was to test a newly developed simulator ‘CTSim’ for effectiveness in teaching and learning. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 26, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Stowe, C. O ′Halloran, G. Photopoulos, A.D. Lia, M. Quinn, F. Tschan, R. Verwoolde, C. Buissink Source Type: research

A pilot image interpretation teaching intervention to improve competence and confidence of radiographers to detect left ventricular thrombus in routine cardiac MRI scans
Prompt diagnosis of left ventricular (LV) thrombus is clinically important, as it may require immediate anti-coagulation treatment. The aim of this study was to determine if a teaching intervention delivered by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) physicians would increase the CMR radiographers ’ ability to detect LV thrombus on a routine CMR scan. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 26, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: C.B. Lawton, S. Moharem-Elgamal, A.G. Dastidar, J.C. Luis Rodrigues, G. Biglino, C. Bucciarelli-Ducci Source Type: research

The 12-hour shift: radiographers ’ perspectives and its applicability during a pandemic
Traditionally, shift work for radiographers at our institution comprised of three shift patterns – morning (8am-2pm), afternoon (2pm–9pm) and night (9pm-8am). However, when COVID-19 was first detected in Singapore in January 2020, the 12-h shift was introduced for better team segregation and deployment to meet the service needs of the Emergency Department. The 12-h shift consisted of the da y (9am-9pm) and night (9pm-9am) shifts. While the 12-h shift is common to nursing practices, it is new to the radiography profession within the study centre. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 23, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: J.W.L. Ooi, A.T.W. Er, W.C. Lee, H.C. Chee Source Type: research

Computer based simulation in CT and MRI radiography education: Current role and future opportunities
The use of Computer-based simulation (CBS), a form of simulation which utilises digital and web based platforms, is widely acknowledged in healthcare education. This literature review explores the current evidence relating to CBS activities in supporting radiographer education in CT and MRI. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 23, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: B. Chaka, M. Hardy Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

An audit of radiologist reporting room illumination levels
We wish to congratulate S. Papathanasiou et  al. for their work published in Radiography entitled ‘A systematic review of viewing conditions and monitor specifications in mammography’.1 In their study they reviewed the academic literature published around the viewing conditions and monitor specifications used in mammography, with their c onclusion indicating that diagnostic accuracy is negatively affected by the use of poor-quality monitors and inappropriate illumination levels. Appropriate illumination levels are not only crucial for diagnostic accuracy but is also important to manage inappropriate screen...
Source: Radiography - November 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: S.-T.J.M. Lim, M. Murray, J. O'Brien Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Current videofluoroscopy practice in the United Kingdom: A survey of imaging professionals
Videofluoroscopy (VFSS) is a frequently used radiological investigation for dysphagia and is conducted within a radiology setting by speech and language therapists (SLTs) working alongside imaging personnel (radiologists and/or radiographers). Previous surveys of SLT practice have reported variability in VFSS protocols and procedures. The aim of this study was to explore current clinical practice for VFSS from the perspective of imaging personnel engaged in VFSS within the United Kingdom. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 21, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: E. Boaden, J. Nightingale, L. Hives, C. Bradbury, J. Benfield, T. Patel, R. Georgiou Source Type: research

Facial views – Lateral thinking is not required
Having worked in various oral and maxillofacial departments, I have been repeatedly confused and somewhat dismayed by certain radiographic protocols. In particular, the routine use of lateral cephalogram/skull radiographs when patients attend emergency departments with a suspected mid-facial fracture provides some cause for concern. This, to the best of my understanding, is primarily due to the traditional, and arguably outdated, prescription of ‘facial views’ which includes two occipitomental (OM) views at different angles and a lateral cephalogram. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 21, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Reeves Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The impact of teaching experimental research on-line: Research-informed Teaching and COVID-19
As part of the BSc (Hons) Diagnostic Radiography programme students learn and undertake research relevant to their development as first post radiographers (dose optimisation and image quality) within the Research-Informed Teaching experience (RiTe). Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the delivery of RiTe to our year 2 students was moved to an online format using Microsoft Teams and Blackboard Collaborate and focused on a key area of current practice - COVID-19 and chest X-ray imaging. Within RiTe students are placed into collaborative enquiry-based learning (CEBL) groups to share tasks, but to also support and learn from one an...
Source: Radiography - November 21, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Dr Robert Higgins, Dr Fred Murphy, Prof Peter Hogg Source Type: research

Problem based learning in radiography education: A narrative review
Radiography practice is fast developing with new imaging updates and challenging scenarios to deal with on a frequent basis. There is a need to equip students with the skill to be independent learners and develop critical thinking skills, so they can change their practice as the profession evolves. Problem Based Learning (PBL) has widely been adopted in medical and nursing training worldwide as a result of its desirable benefits. In order to ascertain the efficacy of the technique, this paper presents a review of the essential aspects of PBL, such as the theories, process, key roles and implication for radiography educatio...
Source: Radiography - November 19, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: O. Lawal, A. Ramlaul, F. Murphy Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Concordance between a neuroradiologist, a consultant radiologist and trained reporting radiographers interpreting MRI head examinations: An empirical study
This study assessed agreement between MRI reporting radiographers and a consultant radiologist compared with an index neuroradiologist when reporting MRI head (brain/internal auditory meati [IAMs]) examinations. The effect on patient management of any discordant reports was also examined. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: K. Piper, M. Mitchell, K. Griffin, T. Morgan, A. Roy, A. Thomas, L. Pittock, N. Woznitza, R. Faruqui, M. Sakel Source Type: research

CT features of toxic megacolon: A systematic review
Toxic megacolon is a rare but life-threatening condition. Diagnosis is made when both systemic toxicity and an enlarged colon are present. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to provide a list of toxic megacolon findings on computed tomography (CT) imaging along with the prevalence rate for each finding. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 13, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: E. Eghbali, A. Akhavi Milani, M. Shirmohamadi, H. Hosseinifard Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

Automatic detection of COVID-19 from chest radiographs using deep learning
The breakdown of a deadly infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus (named SARS n-CoV2) back in December 2019 has shown no respite to slow or stop in general. This contagious disease has spread across different lengths and breadths of the globe, taking a death toll to nearly 700k by the start of August 2020. The number is well expected to rise even more significantly. In the absence of a thoroughly tested and approved vaccine, the onus primarily lies on obliging to standard operating procedures and timely detection and isolation of the infected persons. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mohammad Khalid Pandit, Shoaib Amin Banday, Roohie Naaz, Mohammad Ahsan Chishti Source Type: research

Evaluation of X-ray table mattresses for radiation attenuation and impact on image quality
Mattresses in the radiology department tend to be an overlooked aspect of imaging equipment. This paper evaluates the radiation attenuation characteristics of mattresses and the effect they have on image quality. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: N. Alreshedi, L. Walton, P. Hogg, J. Webb, A. Tootell Source Type: research

The impact of COVID-19 upon student radiographers and clinical training
To investigate student clinical placement concerns and opinions, during the initial COVID-19 pandemic outbreak and to inform educational institution support planning. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 6, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: L.A. Rainford, M. Zanardo, C. Buissink, R. Decoster, W. Hennessy, K. Knapp, B. Kraus, L. Lanca, S. Lewis, B. Mahlaola Tintswalo, M. McEntee, D. O ’Leary, H. Precht, T. Starc, J.P. McNulty Source Type: research

Achieving universal access to obstetric ultrasound in resource constrained settings: A narrative review
The potential benefits and challenges of achieving universal access to obstetric ultrasound services in resource constrained settings were reviewed, with a view to making some recommendations to address the huge burden of avoidable maternal and child morbidity and mortality. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 4, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: G. Luntsi, A.C. Ugwu, F.B. Nkubli, R. Emmanuel, K. Ochie, C.I. Nwobi Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

The role of clinical history in the interpretation of chest radiographs
This review will appraise the literature pertaining to the influences that clinical history has on the action of assessing the chest radiograph. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: L. Small Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Image quality of bedside chest radiographs in intensive care beds with integrated detector tray: A phantom study
This study examines measured and subjective image quality of supine bedside chest radiographs with and without use of such a detector tray. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Enevoldsen, M.W. Kusk Source Type: research

Multiparametric MR imaging of the prostate at 1.5-T without endorectal coil using an 8 channel pelvic phased array: Is it still a viable option?
The purpose of our work was to evaluate the feasibility of prostate multiparametric MR imaging at 1.5-T without endorectal coil using an 8 channel pelvic phased array coil. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: A. Pierro, M. Di Marco, M. Piacentini, C. Astore, G. Maselli, M. Guerriero, A. Di Lallo, G. Sallustio, A. Marcellino, S. Cilla Source Type: research

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on clinical radiography practice in low resource settings: The Ghanaian Radiographers ’ Perspective
This study aimed to assess the radiographers ’ perspective on the impact of the pandemic on their wellbeing and imaging service delivery in Ghana. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Theophilus N. Akudjedu, Benard O. Botwe, Abdul-Razak Wuni, Nathaniel A. Mishio Source Type: research

An analysis of advanced and specialist posts in diagnostic radiography: Do job descriptions describe advanced practice?
This study identified the capability requirements of advanced and specialist diagnostic radiographers and mapped these to home country advanced practice frameworks and the Society and College of Radiographers (SCoR) Education and Career Framework. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 26, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: M.A. Harris, B. Snaith, H.K. Adamson, B. Foster, N. Woznitza Source Type: research

On the justification of justification in radiation protection - legal and sociological considerations
The objectives of the review were to investigate the legal and sociological basis of justification in society in order to fully assess its relevance to radiation protection. The difference between the justification of practices as distinct from the justification of reasons for the justification of individual activities within a practice and the relevance of cost –benefit analysis to this process are key elements. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: B. Michael Moores Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Peer review in MRI: A quality improvement programme and pilot study
The aim of this pilot study was to implement a peer review programme to evaluate MRI images and protocols, with the goal of improving quality and standardising protocols. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: J.M. Paul, S.L. Stewart Source Type: research

On the justification of justification in radiation protection – Sociological considerations
The objectives of the review were to investigate the legal and sociological basis of justification in society in order to fully assess its relevance to radiation protection. The difference between the justification of practices as distinct from the justification of reasons for the justification of individual activities within a practice and the relevance of cost –benefit analysis to this process are key elements. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: B. Michael Moores Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Transjugular biopsy of a liver focal lesion in an obese patient using cone-beam computed tomography guidance
55  y/o male grade II obese patient (BMI 38.2). Past medical history of vocal cord carcinoma in 2017. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed a 3 cm inhomogeneous, solid liver lesion in segment 7, not dissociable from the inferior vena cava and the outlet of the right hepatic vein (F ig. 1). Also, the patient underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan which demonstrated lesion calcification (Fig. 2). Percutaneous biopsy of the lesion was considered unsafe because of its deep position and poor visualization with ultrasound imaging. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: R. Gerasia, G.S. Gallo, C. Tafaro, A. Cucchiara, L. Maruzzelli, R. Miraglia Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Evaluation of a urology specialist therapeutic radiographer implemented radiotherapy pathway for prostate cancer patients
The role of the Urology Specialist Therapeutic Radiographer (USTR) was introduced to support a busy NHS uro-oncology practice. Key objectives were to improve patient preparedness for and experience of radiotherapy, focussed on prostate cancer. Pre-radiotherapy information seminars were developed, and on-treatment patient review managed by the USTRs. To evaluate the revamped patient pathway and direct further improvements, a patient experience survey was designed. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 23, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: S.E. Alexander, L. Booth, L. Delacroix, A. Gordon, N. Kirkpatrick, A.C. Tree Source Type: research

Evaluation of students ’ clinical performance post-simulation training
Traditionally in Australia, sonographer skills are learnt on patients in clinical practice. A four-year undergraduate-postgraduate course introduced ultrasound simulation to prepare novice sonographer students for interaction with patients. Second-year students learnt psychomotor and patient-sonographer communication skills during simulation using commercial ultrasound machines and volunteer year-group peers as standardised patients. This paper reports on the transfer of the ultrasound skills learnt in simulation to clinical practice. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 21, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: A. Bowman, D. Reid, R. Bobby Harreveld, C. Lawson Source Type: research

Local diagnostic reference levels for skeletal surveys in suspected physical child abuse
The purpose was to determine if an age based, local diagnostic reference level for paediatric skeletal surveys could be established using retrospective data. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 21, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: B. Mussmann, M. Hardy, R. Rajalingam, D. Peters, S. McFadden, A.J. Abdi Source Type: research

Managing the unmanageable: A qualitative study exploring sonographer experiences of and training in unexpected and difficult news delivery
Ultrasound is used to diagnose pregnancy complications such as miscarriage and fetal health conditions. Within the UK, findings identified during ultrasound examination are delivered by sonographers as standard. However, little is known about the experiences of sonographers when delivering unexpected news (DUN), the impact this has on them, or their preferences for training on news delivery. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 17, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: N.K. Hardicre, J. Arezina, A. McGuinness, J. Johnson Source Type: research

Patients', radiographers' and radiography students ’ experiences of 360° virtual counselling environment for the coronary computed tomography angiography: A qualitative study
The aim of this study was to describe patients', radiographers' and radiography students ’ experiences of the developed 360° virtual counselling environment (360°VCE) for the coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA). (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: K. Paalim äki-Paakki, M. Virtanen, A. Henner, M.T. Nieminen, M. Kääriäinen Source Type: research

Spanish Radiographers ’ concerns about the COVID-19 pandemic
The current outbreak of COVID-19 has caused worldwide healthcare and social emergency in which healthcare professionals were under extreme work conditions while being fearful of becoming infected or spreading the disease to their relatives. The perceived threat of COVID-19 has the potential to cause severe psychological maladjustment. The aim of the study is to explore Spanish radiographers ’ concerns about the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: C. Ruiz, D. Llopis, A. Roman, E. Alfayate, I. Herrera-Peco Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on radiographers in the Republic of Cyprus. A questionnaire survey
This study aims to assess the insight of radiographers on how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected their work routine and if protective measures are applied. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Constantinos Zervides, Marina Sassi, Pelagia Kefala-Karli, Leandros Sassis Source Type: research

Patient centred care in diagnostic radiography (Part 2): A qualitative study of the perceptions of service users and service deliverers
This study aimed to address this gap by determining compatibility in perceptions of PCC between those using and those delivering radiography services in order to develop measurable indicators of PCC. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 6, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: E. Hyde, M. Hardy Source Type: research

Evaluation of optimised 3D turbo spin echo and gradient echo MR pulse sequences of the knee at 3T and 1.5T
To investigate the impact of parameter optimisation for novel three-dimensional 3D sequences at 1.5T and 3T on resultant image quality. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 6, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: O.M. Abdulaal, L. Rainford, P.J. MacMahon, P. Kenny, F. Carty, M. Galligan, A. Cradock, F.H. Alhazmi, A. McGee Source Type: research

The patient experience of radiotherapy for breast cancer: A qualitative investigation as part of the SuPPORT 4 All study
Breast cancer is a global health problem with 2.09 million cases of breast cancer diagnosed worldwide in 2018. With an increase in breast cancer survival attention has now focussed on the impact treatment side effects can have on the quality of life for women during survivorship. The aim of the SuPPORT 4 All project is to develop a support bra for use during radiotherapy, that can reduce normal tissue toxicity (for women with larger breasts) and provide accuracy, dignity and modesty for all women. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 5, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: H. Probst, K. Rosbottom, H. Crank, A. Stanton, H. Reed Source Type: research

A systematic review of non-pharmacologic interventions to reduce anxiety in adults in advance of diagnostic imaging procedures
Anticipation of a diagnostic imaging (DI) procedure, particularly one involving advanced technology, can provoke feelings of anxiety in patients. Anxiolytics (anxiety reducing drugs) can be used to reduce pre-procedural anxiety in patients, however there are several known disadvantages to this approach. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate any preparatory non-pharmacological interventions used to reduce patient anxiety in advance of DI procedures. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: S. King, J. Woodley, N. Walsh Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

To repeat or not to repeat: Radiologists demonstrated more decisiveness than their fellow radiographers in reducing the repeat rate during mobile chest radiography
Radiologists and radiographers play a complementary role in providing an optimal image quality with decrease radiation dose and proper diagnosis during chest radiographs. We aim Investigate years of experience among radiologists and radiographers on perception of image quality and its impact on repeat rate when evaluating portable pediatric chest radiographs. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 2, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: C. Saade, L. Siblini, L. Karout, S. Khalife, H. Hilal, S. Abbas, L. Naffaa Source Type: research

Imaging findings of a rare pararectal splenosis and literature review
We present a 24-year-old male with pararectal splenosis. The patient had a history of splenectomy and presented with complaints of abdominal discomfort and chronic constipation. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple well-enhanced masses located in the abdominal cavity and one mass in pararectal area. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 2, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: C. Yurtsever, M. Ak, O.F. Cakir, G. Sonmez Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Has NICE guidance changed the management of the suspected scaphoid fracture: A survey of UK practice
Despite scaphoid fractures being relatively uncommon pro-active treatment of suspected fractures has been seen as a risk management strategy. The poor positive predictive value of X-rays has led to published guidelines advocating MRI as a first-line or early imaging tool. It is unclear whether UK hospitals have been able to introduce early scanning and this national survey sought to establish the current management strategies for patients with a suspected scaphoid fracture. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 29, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: B. Snaith, A. Walker, S. Robertshaw, N.J.B. Spencer, A. Smith, M.A. Harris Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 26, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The radiology workforce's response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Middle East, North Africa and India
This study aimed to investigate the response of the radiology workforce to the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on professional practice in India and eight other Middle Eastern and North African countries. It further investigated the levels of fear and anxiety among this workforce during the pandemic. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: W. Elshami, T.N. Akudjedu, M. Abuzaid, L.R. David, H.O. Tekin, B. Cavli, B. Issa Source Type: research

The radiology workforce ’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the Middle East, North Africa and India
This study aimed to investigate the response of the radiology workforce to the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on professional practice in India and eight other Middle Eastern and North African countries. It further investigated the levels of fear and anxiety among this workforce during the pandemic. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Wiam Elshami, Theophilus N. Akudjedu, Mohamed Abuzaid, Leena R. David, Huseyin Ozan Tekin, B. Cavli, Bashar Issa Source Type: research

Assessment of computed tomography radiation doses for paediatric head and chest examinations using paediatric phantoms of three different ages
In this study, radiation doses were measured using three paediatric phantoms for head and chest CT examinations in Najran, Saudi Arabia. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: M.K. Saeed, Y. Almalki Source Type: research

Effectiveness of COVID-19 diagnosis and management tools: A review
Objective: to review the available literature concerning the effectiveness of the COVID-19 diagnostic tools (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: W. Alsharif, A. Qurashi Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Radiologic assessment of abdominal aortic calcifications, atherosclerotic burden levels and statistical bias affecting the reliability
AAC-8 and AAC-24 are two widely used scales to evaluate abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) on X-ray images. Levels of ≥3 (AAC-8) and ≥5 points (AAC-24) are of high relevance since they are associated with greater risk of cardiovascular events. Given that it is unknown, our aim was to determine the reliability of both scales at those levels of atherosclerotic burden. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 19, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: M.C. Ramos Barr ón, E. Pariente Rodrigo, M. Arias Lago, J.L. Cepeda Blanco, A. Casal Calvo, R. Landeras Alvaro, J.L. Hernández Hernández Source Type: research