Similar patient positioning: A key factor in follow-up studies when using model-based radiostereometric analysis of the hip
We report precision for optimal and extreme position differences from a phantom hip-study, and clinical precision of hip-RSA. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: L. Lindgren, P.B. J ørgensen, R.M.S. Mørup, M. Jensen, L. Rømer, B. Kaptein, M. Stilling Source Type: research

The accuracy of ultrasonography for diagnosis of gallbladder polyps
Gallbladder polyps (GBPs) are gallbladder lesions which can progress to gallbladder malignancy. The incidence has been estimated as high as 12.1% of all cholecystectomy patients. Gallbladder malignancy typically presents late, and therefore carries a poor prognosis. By identifying potential GBPs early, it would be possible to treat polyps before they undergo malignant change. The current gold standard for GBP identification is with histological examination which is performed after cholecystectomy. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 9, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: A. Lodhi, K. Waite, I. Alam Source Type: research

State of the art of coronary computed tomography angiography
The aim of this paper is to evaluate contrast media (CM) bolus geometry and opacification patterns in the coronary arteries with particular focus on patient, scanner and safety considerations during coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: F. El Merhi, R. Bou-Fakhredin, B. El Ashkar, D. Ghieh, Y. Ghosn, C. Saade Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Incident reporting and level of MR safety education: A Danish national study
MR-safety remains a concern among MR professionals. We aimed to evaluate the extent of MR-related incidents using a national database and a questionnaire among MR professionals and to identify possible predictors for MR-related incidents. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: A.D. Blankholm, B. Hansson Source Type: research

Breast compression and reported pain during mammographic screening
We aimed to investigate the association between breast compression and experienced pain during mammographic screening. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - November 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: N. Moshina, S. Sagstad, S. Sebu ødegård, G.G. Waade, E. Gran, J. Music, S. Hofvind Source Type: research

A qualitative study of transgender individuals' experiences of healthcare including radiology
Transgender and gender non-conforming people have historically been hidden in society. Increasing visibility has led to an awareness of the systematic discrimination experienced by this community. Transgender people experience factors that increase their need for healthcare while experiencing a lack of trans appropriate care.The aim of the research was to identify the lived experiences of transgender individuals in accessing radiology (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: M.J. Floyd, O. Martin, K.J. Eckloff Source Type: research

Opportunities for radiographer reporting in Ghana and the potential for improved patient care
To explore factors that influence the introduction of role extension in radiography and to discuss its potential for improved healthcare in Ghana. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 30, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: A.-R. Wuni, N. Courtier, D. Kelly Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Ionising radiation exposure from medical imaging – A review of Patient's (un) awareness
Medical imaging is the main source of artificial radiation exposure. Evidence, however, suggests that patients are poorly informed about radiation exposure when attending diagnostic scans. This review provides an overview of published literature with a focus on nuclear medicine patients on the level of awareness of radiation exposure from diagnostic imaging. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 29, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: A. Ribeiro, O. Husson, N. Drey, I. Murray, K. May, J. Thurston, W. Oyen Source Type: research

Trailblazers: Stakeholder motivations for developing degree apprenticeships for the radiography profession
Employer led apprenticeship trailblazer groups develop the occupational standard and end point assessment associated with a particular job or occupation. All degree apprenticeship programmes within England must align to these and for allied health professions, this is a new concept. Exploring stakeholder motivations for being part of the trailblazer groups is essential to inform subsequent curriculum design and implementation for this new model of education. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 26, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: T. Sevens, J. Nightingale Source Type: research

Comparison of image quality in chest, hip and pelvis examinations between mobile equipment in nursing homes and static indirect radiography equipment in the hospital
A hospital environment can be a significant burden and a health risk especially for dementia patients. Mobile x-ray equipment (ME) is used to enable imaging of these patients at home. The aim was to compare image quality (IQ) of chest, hip and pelvis images from ME to the stationary equipment (SE) used in a hospital department. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 24, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: H. Precht, D.L. Hansen, B.M. Ring-Pedersen, L.F. M øller Hansen, D. Waaler, A. Tingberg, M. Midtgaard, M.G. Jensen Ohlsen, S.T. Juhl Hankelbjerg, P. Ravn, I.E. Jensen, J.K. Christensen, P.A. Blackburn Andersen Source Type: research

Simulated versus traditional therapeutic radiography placements: A randomised controlled trial
This study measured the impact of a comprehensive integrated simulation placement on student clinical skil l acquisition. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 24, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: S.-J. Ketterer, J. Callender, M. Warren, F. Al-Samarraie, B. Ball, K.-A. Calder, J. Edgerley, M. Kirby, P. Pilkington, B. Porritt, M. Orr, P. Bridge Source Type: research

Evidence-based radiography: A new methodology or the systematisation of an old practice?
Evidence based radiography (EBR) is the logical development of evidence based practice applied to radiography. The aim of this study was to investigate the opinion of a cohort of Portuguese radiographers in Southern Portugal working in public hospitals regarding evidence based practice (EBP), namely about the levels of knowledge about EBR, how they access information and how they use it within daily practice. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: A.F.C.L. Abrantes, L.P.V. Ribeiro, C.A. da Silva, A. England, K.B. Azevedo, R.P.P. Almeida, M.V. Canha Reis Source Type: research

A systematic review of incubator-based neonatal radiography – What does the evidence say?
This systematic review aimed to explore the impact of incubator design (canopy, mattress, and mattress support) on neonatal imaging in terms of imaging technique, radiation dose and image quality. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Tugwell-Allsup, A. England Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Evaluating the perceptions of the transgender and non-binary communities of pelvic radiotherapy side effect information booklets
Patients undergoing radiotherapy for pelvic cancers will often experience acute and late toxicity which can result in symptoms which have a significant impact on psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Having written information regarding these symptoms enables informed decision-making and ongoing support. Transgender and non-binary communities are a marginalised but steadily growing subsection of the radiotherapy patient population yet their needs differ from those of the general population. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 15, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: H. Burton, P. Pilkington, P. Bridge Source Type: research

A comparative study of pain experienced during successive mammography examinations in patients with a family history of breast cancer and those who have had breast cancer surgery
To measure mammography-related pain in two groups of women undergoing regular surveillance as a baseline for future care. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 9, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: D.J. Nelson, A. England, M. Cheptoo, C.E. Mercer Source Type: research

CIRSE-EFRS position statement
Interventional radiology (IR) has come of age and is a core and innovative specialty within modern medicine. It has also served as a fulcrum for change in many allied sciences. The pace of change has challenged modern health structures and close intra- and inter-disciplinary collaboration has been fundamental to our progress. Within radiology units there is a requirement for a diverse multi-stakeholder contribution that successfully delivers IR care; including but not limited to radiology and radiography working in a seamless collaboration. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 9, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: A. England, B. Hallinan, L.P. Lawler, P. Lucatelli, M. Migliorini, S. Ameli-Renani Tags: Guest editorial Source Type: research

Radiographer knowledge and practice of paediatric radiation dose protocols in digital radiography in Gauteng
Digital radiography (DR) poses the risk of unnoticed increases in patient dose, potentially resulting in the overexposure of paediatric patients. In some jurisdictions, there is a shortfall in the knowledge and application of safe paediatric radiation dose protocols. In such instances, radiographers can lack an understanding of the relationship between exposure index (EI) and the visual appearances of image noise, thereby resulting in under- or overexposure to the paediatric patient. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 9, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: N. Moolman, F. Mulla, S. Mdletshe Source Type: research

Anxiety during magnetic resonance imaging of the spine in relation to scanner design and size
Magnetic resonance imaging in closed-bore scanners sometimes provokes anxiety but closed-bore designs have gradually become wider and shorter. Open scanners may be easier to tolerate. The aim was to compare patient anxiety during MRI between bore diameters of 60 cm and 70 cm, and to determine the current level of patient anxiety and experience in open scanners in a clinical setrting. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 8, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: B.M. Ahlander, J. Engvall, E. Ericsson Source Type: research

Conjoined twins – A case report of prenatal diagnosis of cephalothoracoomphalopagus
Conjoined twins are an exceptionally rare phenomenon caused by partial separation of an early embryo after the twelfth day of fertilization. In this article we are reporting a case of conjoined twins diagnosed in our department. During a examination in the XXI week of gestation, a 24 years old woman, with the presence of labial herpes simplex following an ultrasound examination was suspected of carrying conjoined twins. To confirm, we performed prenatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), which proved the existence of cephalothoracoomphalopagus. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Vegar-Zubovi ć, S. Prevljak, A. Behmen, H. Bektešević, D. Zubović, M. Jusufbegović Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Ultrasound clinical teaching capacity in England: A scoping exercise
The United Kingdom has a sonographer shortage. Health Education England are working with stakeholders to address these shortages and increase clinical capacity for sonographer education. The aims of this survey were to ascertain current sonographer staffing levels, estimate staffing requirements in five years ’ time and review current clinical placement capacity. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: G. Harrison, C. Beardmore Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Opportunity to join the Radiography editorial team
We are offering an exciting opportunity to join the Radiography journal as an Associate Editor. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - October 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

An evaluation of CT head reporting radiographers' scope of practice within the United Kingdom
This study investigated the scope of practice of CT head reporting radiographers in the UK, and to compare adherence to professional body standards. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: P. Lockwood Source Type: research

A review of permanent marking for radiotherapy in the UK
This paper presents the results of a survey of the routine use of permanent marks for radiotherapy in the UK. This was undertaken to provide an overview of current practice. Permanent marks are a somewhat invasive procedure, and should be subject to scrutiny and judicious application. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: C. Townend, S. Landeg, R. Thorne, A.M. Kirby, H.A. McNair Source Type: research

Informed consent guidelines for ionising radiation examinations: A Delphi study
Informed consent for ionising radiation medical imaging examinations is currently undertaken inconsistently in Australian radiographic practice. There is no uniform informed consent process, and opinions vary about how it should be undertaken, and by whom, if indeed it needs to be undertaken at all.To ensure that patients ’ rights are maintained, the informed consent process must be consistent, proactive in the provision of information, and must empower the patient to formulate and ask questions about their care, and to make voluntary decisions. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: C.W.E. Younger, C. Douglas, H. Warren-Forward Source Type: research

IMRiS phase II study of IMRT in limb sarcomas: Results of the pre-trial QA facility questionnaire and workshop
We report current UK practice for immobilisation of soft tissue sarcoma of STSE, as part of the initial study set-up within the IMRiS trial, a phase II study of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in primary bone and soft tissue sarcoma. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 14, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: R. Sim ões, E. Miles, H. Yang, F. Le Grange, R. Bhat, S. Forsyth, B. Seddon Source Type: research

Developing communication support for interaction with children during acute radiographic procedures
The Convention on the Rights of the Child will be absorbed into Swedish law by 2020, which highlights the need to promote equality in communication between health care professionals and communicatively vulnerable children. In this regard, participation and person-centredness is important in the interaction with each child to provide adequate information on the peri-radiographic process in a way that the child can understand. Hence, the aim was to develop communication support for interaction with children during acute radiographic procedures. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: B. M øller Christensen, S. Nilsson, M. Stensson Source Type: research

Virtual reality versus conventional clinical role-play for radiographic positioning training: A students' perception study
Simulated learning environments (SLEs) are commonly utilised by educational institutions. The aim of this study was to assess if students perceptions varied relating to the effectiveness of either a virtual reality (VR) simulation or traditional clinical role-play scenario in developing radiographic hand positioning skills. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: D. Sapkaroski, M. Mundy, M.R. Dimmock Source Type: research

Corrigendum to ‘Evaluation of unenhanced axial T1W and T2W liver MR images acquired from institutions within the Republic of Ireland and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’ [Radiography 25 (2019) e45–e51]
The authors regret that the order of authorship was incorrect. The correct order of authorship is: S. Al-Dahery, L. Rainford, K. Khashoggi, N. Misha., A. McGee (also shown above). (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Al-Dahery, L. Rainford, K. Khashoggi, N. Misha, A. McGee Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - September 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Evolving the Landscape of Research
“Research is to see what everybody else has seen, and to think what nobody else has thought.” Albert Szent-Gyorgyi. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - August 14, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: A. England, J.D. Thompson Tags: Guest editorial Source Type: research

Guest editorial
“Research is to see what everybody else has seen, and to think what nobody else has thought.” Albert Szent-Gyorgyi. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - August 14, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: A. England, J.D. Thompson Tags: Guest editorial Source Type: research

Imaging neonates within an incubator – A survey to determine existing working practice
There is limited and confusing evidence within the literature regarding the optimal techniques when imaging neonates within incubators; in particular, whether to place the image receptor directly behind the neonate or in the incubator tray. For this reason, radiology departments across Wales and North West England were surveyed to explore existing working practice with regards to incubator imaging. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - August 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Tugwell-Allsup, A. England Source Type: research

Response to the article by Mitchell, P., Nightingale, J., and Reeves, P. (2019). Competence to capability: An integrated career framework for sonographers. Radiography
We would like to congratulate Mitchell, Nightingale and Reeves for their article on ‘Competence to capability: An integrated career framework for sonographers’ for providing a suggested framework for skills escalation for sonographers.1 This is particularly relevant to the current work being undertaken by Health Education England (HEE) to attempt to address the sonographer shor tages in England2 and challenges faced by the introduction of a wider range of entry points to ultrasound practice.3,4 (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - August 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: N. Thomson, G. Harrison, C. Beardmore Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Radiographers ’ perspectives’ on Visual Grading Analysis as a scientific method to evaluate image quality
Radiographers routinely undertake many initiatives to balance image quality with radiation dose (optimisation). For optimisation studies to be successful image quality needs to be carefully evaluated. Purpose was to 1) discuss the strengths and limitations of a Visual Grading Analysis (VGA) method for image quality evaluation and 2) to outline the method from a radiographer's perspective. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - August 2, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: H. Precht, J. Hansson, C. Outzen, P. Hogg, A. Tingberg Source Type: research

Visual demonstration of aliasing in planar nuclear medicine imaging: The importance of correct collimator selection by nuclear medicine practitioners
Aliasing artefact is an imaging distortion phenomenon experienced in a wide variety of medical imaging modalities. This case report illustrates its occurrence during planar gamma camera nuclear medicine imaging under non-clinical conditions using experimental incorrect selection of collimators. In accordance with provision of an optimal service, nuclear medicine practitioners are recommended to have  sufficient technical expertise along with knowledge of gamma camera operation. The purpose, construction and interaction of collimators used during planar imaging are presented herein with specific regards to the aliasing...
Source: Radiography - August 2, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Elliott, P. O'Sullivan, T. Crooker, T. Barnden Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Computed tomography learning via high-fidelity simulation for undergraduate radiography students
Universities offering accredited medical imaging degrees must ensure their graduates can deliver radiographic services including computed tomography (CT). On-campus high-fidelity simulation can potentially facilitate this learning outside the clinical environment yet there is a paucity of research validating its benefits in relation to diagnostic CT. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - July 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: K. Lee, M. Baird, S. Lewis, J. McInerney, M. Dimmock Source Type: research

Students' perceptions of a near-peer Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in medical imaging
This study addresses this gap. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - July 23, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: D. Taylor, S. Quick Source Type: research

Navigating the maze: Qualitative research methodologies and their philosophical foundations
This article aims to assist in the production of high standard research by explaining how transparency in reporting the underpinning philosophical basis of a qualitative study can be achieved in addition to the more customary descriptions of how data were collected and analysed. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - July 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Bleiker, S. Morgan-Trimmer, K. Knapp, S. Hopkins Tags: Review article Source Type: research

A review of visual ethnography: Radiography viewed through a different lens
The objective of this article is to provide a short review of the research methodology ‘visual ethnography’. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - July 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: T. O'Regan, L. Robinson, A. Newton-Hughes, R. Strudwick Source Type: research

Skeletal trauma reporting; perceptions and experiences of radiographer practitioners exposed to the reporting role
Increased demand for diagnostic imaging and professional body directives have resulted in radiographer reporting which requires postgraduate education due to the associated high degree of autonomy and complex decision making. Little research has focused on the transition from practitioner to the skeletal trauma reporting role. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - July 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: L.M. Cuthbertson Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - July 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Radiographers ’ experiences of the management of quality assurance programmes in public hospitals, South Africa
The objective of this research study was to explore and describe the experiences of diagnostic radiographers and radiography managers who are responsible for the management of QA programmes in digital diagnostic imaging departments (DDIDs) in public hospitals of a large metropolitan area. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - July 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: M.M. Willemse, M. Williams, A.D. Grobler Source Type: research

Structuring improved work environments for newly-qualified radiographers
Newly-qualified radiographers often struggle with workplace integration. Frequently, their workplace environments stifle professional growth, leaving them frustrated and anxious. This results in poor workplace performance and possibly even attrition, hence the need to strategically structure their workplace environments for easier transition. In South Africa, no published studies exist detailing the workplace transition process for new radiographers, and the environmental requirements. This paper investigates the needs of this group, to provide information on how to create improved working environments which will encourage...
Source: Radiography - July 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: T.G.A. Chipere, T. Motaung, B. Nkosi Source Type: research

Competencies of therapeutic radiographers working in the linear accelerator across Europe: A systematic search of the literature and thematic analysis
The literature identifies various competences required for therapy radiographers (TR), however, these are varied and scattered among different publications. The aim of this study was to identify the competences required by therapy radiographers practising on the linear accelerator in the European setting, according to published literature. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - July 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: J.G. Couto, S. McFadden, P. McClure, P. Bezzina, C. Hughes Source Type: research

The pop-up research centre – Challenges and opportunities
This article sets out to describe the concept of the “pop-up” research centre as a means to promote and develop radiography research locally, nationally and internationally, and to empower professional colleagues to set up similar initiatives in the future. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - June 27, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: R.J. Toomey, M.F. McEntee, L.A. Rainford Source Type: research

Video rasterstereography of the spine and pelvis in eight erect positions: A reliability study
To investigate the reliability and variability of Video Rasterstereography (VR) measurements of the spine and pelvis, for eight proposed standing postures, in order to help define an optimal standing position for erect pelvis radiography. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - June 27, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: K. Alzyoud, P. Hogg, B. Snaith, S. Preece, A. England Source Type: research

Australasian radiographers ’ choices of immobilisation strategies for paediatric radiological examinations
Immobilisation may be necessary to ensure patient safety and examination success in paediatric medical imaging. Little guidance exists regarding the selection of different immobilisation methods. The purpose of this study was to explore radiographers ’ selection of immobilisation methods in paediatric medical imaging and the influences on their choices. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - June 27, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Christie, C.K.C. Ng, C. S á dos Reis Source Type: research

Expanding training capacity for radiographer reporting using simulation: Evaluation of a pilot academy project
Whilst there is increasing demand on radiology services in the UK, pressures are restricting the expansion of the multi-professional workforce. A pilot academy for radiography reporting was established to augment the traditional university and clinical education in a simulated environment using focussed teaching and real image worklists in a dedicated environment away from departments. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - June 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: J.W. Harcus, B. Snaith Source Type: research

Associations between coronary artery stenosis detected by coronary computed tomography angiography and the characteristics of health checkup examinees in the Republic of Korea
This study was conducted on healthy adults without a diagnosis related to cardiovascular disease to investigate the associations between asymptomatic coronary artery stenosis and the characteristics of health checkup examinees. (Source: Radiography)
Source: Radiography - June 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: D.-W. Noh, S. Kim Source Type: research