Intraoral hemorrhage caused by dental calculus: two case reports
Matsuda, Shinpei / Yoshida, Hisato / Ohta, Keiichi / Ryoke, Takashi / Yoshimura, HitoshiPage 598 - 602Intraoral hemorrhage is an undesirable and emergency condition, and it can also occur spontaneously. Clinicians sometimes face difficulty in identifying the hemorrhage points and the causes of hemorrhage, as well as difficulty in the hemostatic procedures. Here, the authors present two rare cases of spontaneous intraoral hemorrhage related to dental calculus. The hemorrhage points and causes of hemorrhage were determined after removing the removable intraoral components, including the dental calculus. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - June 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Anesthetic and analgesic efficacy of bupivacaine in mandibular third molar surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
This study was conducted to compare the anesthetic and analgesic efficacy of bupivacaine with other local anesthetic agents routinely used for mandibular third molar surgery.Method and materials: Four electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane, and Web of Science) were explored to isolate randomized controlled trials up to 10 February 2019. The anesthetic and analgesic efficacies were assessed using six evaluation outcomes: onset of anesthesia, success of anesthesia, duration of anesthesia, duration of analgesia, pain score on the fourth postoperative hour, and number of analgesics consumed. Stata software (version 13,...
Source: Quintessence International - June 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Maxillary sinus augmentation procedures: a narrative clinical review
Khehra, Anahat / Levin, LiranPage 578 - 584An edentulous posterior maxilla can present a challenge for placement of dental implants due to the proximity of the maxillary sinus. Sinus augmentation is a surgical bone grafting procedure aimed to increase the bone height for implant support. A number of sinus augmentation techniques have been presented and the outcomes show good implant success rates. In order to achieve the desirable outcomes, it is important to gain knowledge of the maxillary sinus anatomy and complete a thorough preoperative evaluation. Being aware of the location of vasculature, nerves, and the presence of...
Source: Quintessence International - June 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of all-ceramic inlays and onlays after a mean observation time of 11 years
Strasding, Malin / Sebesty én-Hüvös, Eszter / Studer, Stephan / Lehner, Christian / Jung, Ronald E. / Sailer, IrenaPage 566 - 576Objectives: Long-term retrospective evaluation of the survival rate and the technical and biologic outcomes of all-ceramic inlays and onlays in premolars and molars.Method and materials: Fifty-four patients treated as part of a prospective clinical trial and having received 157 inlays and 27 onlays made out of a leucite-reinforced glass-ceramic (IPS Empress) in premolars and molars, were invited to the present follow-up examination. The survival of the restorations was evaluated....
Source: Quintessence International - June 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Denture-related stomatitis in new complete denture wearers and its association with Candida species colonization: a prospective case-series
Mousa, Mohammed A. / Lynch, Edward / Kielbassa, Andrej M.Page 554 - 565Objectives: To assess the relationship between the development of denture-related stomatitis (DRS) and the identification of commonly isolated yeast species, and to evaluate various predisposing factors in Saudi participants wearing new removable dental prostheses.Method and materials: A total of 75 edentulous male participants were recruited, and 64 patients finished the present case-series. All participants received new conventional complete dentures. Colonization of Candida species was assessed, and species were identified by means of the VITEK 2 (bi...
Source: Quintessence International - June 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

D-PLEX500: a local biodegradable prolonged release doxycycline-formulated bone graft for the treatment for peri-implantitis. A randomized controlled clinical study
Conclusions: D-PLEX500 sustained release local antibiotic formulated with bone filler showed promising results in enabling healing of peri-implantitis lesions. The antibacterial component of the bone graft material might create favorable conditions that enable implant surface decontamination and soft and hard tissue healing over a prolonged period. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - June 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The 3D-printed prototype: a new protocol for the evaluation and potential adaptation of monolithic all-ceramic restorations before finalization
Legaz, Juan / Karasan, Duygu / Fehmer, Vincent / Sailer, IrenaPage 538 - 544The prototyping protocol to evaluate and make the potential adjustments prior to finalization of the monolithic restorations was described by two clinical situations. In the first case report, following the digital impressions using an intraoral scanner (3Shape Trios, 3Shape) for an implant-supported four-unit fixed dental prosthesis, a digital design (3Shape Dental System, 3Shape) was performed and a prototype using subtractive CAM (milling) (PMMA, Telio CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) was fabricated. The second case highlights the 3D-printed prototyping (...
Source: Quintessence International - June 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

User-friendly restorative approach combining shaping indices and PTFE-based stamp techniques: a feasibility example performed by an undergraduate dental student in a dentition damaged by caries and tooth wear
Meller, Christian / Walker, UwePage 528 - 536The rehabilitation of patients with wear on multiple teeth, in which a recovery of the occlusal/incisal vertical dimension is required to acquire satisfactory levels of functionality and esthetics, is often a difficult procedure even for experienced dental practitioners. Based on wax-ups simulating an ideal structural/functional reconstruction of the teeth, the use of shaping indices is a reliable way to plan predictable patient-oriented results when using resin-based composites. The proposal to combine shaping indices with PTFE-based stamp techniques also helps clinicians to ea...
Source: Quintessence International - June 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial: Aerosol reduction urgency in post-COVID-19 dental practice
Mupparapu, MelPage 525 - 526 (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - June 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Mobile dental photography: a simple technique for documentation and communication
This article explains the assets of smartphone cameras' evolution and how it led to the conception of Smile Lite Mobile Dental Photography. Applications of dental photography are presented, such as documentation and communication with the laboratory technician and the patient. Mobile dental photography is not confined to dentistry but can also be used for artistic purposes. (Quintessence Int 2020;51:510 –518; doi: 10.3290/j.qi.a44365; Originally published (in German) in Quintessenz Zahnmedizin 2019(12);70:1408–1417) (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Radiation dose reduction using novel size 1 and size 0 rectangular collimators in pediatric dental imaging
Conclusion: Size 1 and size 0 rectangular collimators can be independently manufactured and utilized in pediatric dentistry. This study suggests that a considerable radiation dose reduction is possible in pediatric intraoral imaging when using the size 1 and 0 matched collimation. Since the pediatric population is vulnerable to radiation exposure, any measurable reduction has a potential for long-term health benefits and is therefore clinically significant. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the palate in a young bodybuilder with anabolic androgenic steroids abuse
This report presents a case of an otherwise healthy bodybuilder with anabolic androgenic steroids abuse with bilateral necrotizing sialometaplasia in the palate, and discusses computed tomography findings in the pre-ulceration phase. Literature review revealed another two cases of necrotizing sialometaplasia with preoperative imaging, both performed in the ulceration phase. The importance of radiographic findings as an aid in differential diagnosis is further discussed, as well as the role of possible predisposing factors including anabolic androgenic steroids abuse in the pathogenesis of necrotizing sialometaplasia. (Sour...
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The effect of television distraction versus Tell-Show-Do as behavioral management techniques in children undergoing dental treatments
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of watching television during dental treatment on pediatric patients' anxiety and cooperation compared to the commonly used conventional Tell-Show-Do (TSD) behavioral management method.Method and materials: Sixty-nine children (mean age 6.8 years) scheduled to undergo restorative dental treatment were randomly divided into two intervention groups: a group that was managed by television distraction and a control group that was managed by TSD. During treatment, anxiety was assessed by the Facial Image Scale and cooperative behavior was assessed by the Frankl scale...
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of residual contamination on healing abutments after cleaning with a protein-denaturing agent and detergent
This study evaluated the cleaning potential of a protein-denaturing agent with or without anionic detergent by monitoring the residual contamination on healing abutments used for dental implant treatment.Method and materials: Forty contaminated healing abutments removed from patients were randomized and immediately treated with differing cleaning methods; either Method A (presoaking in 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate followed by ultrasonication with 4 mol/L guanidine hydrochloride), or Method B (soaking in distilled water followed by ultrasonication with 4 mol/L guanidine hydrochloride) was used. Samples were stained with phloxi...
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a primary intraosseous carcinoma including orthodontic archform management
Rasmussen, Chad M. / Lee, Sarah K.Y. / Arce, Kevin / Salinas, Thomas J.Page 464 - 472Squamous cell carcinomas arising from keratocystic odontogentic tumors are a rare phenomenon in head and neck cancer, accounting for only 1.45% of oral squamous cell carcinomas, and are classified as primary intraosseous carninomas. This cancer is locally aggressive, has a high potential for recurrence, and requires radical resection and subsequent rehabilitation. This case report describes a patient diagnosed with this uncommon tumor who was treated by dental specialists at Mayo Clinic. During convalescence, orthodontic changes to the max...
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Treatment of single mandibular recessions with the modified coronally advanced tunnel or laterally closed tunnel, hyaluronic acid, and subepithelial connective tissue graft: a report of 12 cases
Guldener, Kevin / Lanzrein, Carla / Eliezer, Meizi / Katsaros, Christos / St ähli, Alexandra / Sculean, AntonPage 456 - 463Objectives: To clinically evaluate the healing of mandibular Miller Class I and II isolated gingival recessions treated with the modified coronally advanced tunnel (MCAT) or laterally closed tunnel (LCT) combined with hyaluronic acid (HA) and subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG).Method and materials: Twelve healthy patients exhibiting one isolated mandibular Miller Class I or II (Cairo Class 1) gingival recession of a depth of ≥ 3 mm, were consecutively treated with the MCAT or LCT in c...
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Quantitative evaluation of masking effect of resin infiltration on developmental defects of enamel
Conclusion: The resin infiltration intervention was successful in masking the "white" opaque discolorations of developmentally affected enamel. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Microhardness of three glass-ionomer cements during setting and up to 15 days in vitro, and after 5 to 10 years in vivo
Conclusion: The microhardness of GICs was comparable to composite material after only 24 hours. In vivo the microhardness of GICs increased and after 10 years in vivo it was higher than that of the dentin. After 20 days the amount of fluorine was still high in Riva Self Cure and EQUIA Fil. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial: Burning mouth and precision medicine
Klasser, Gary D.Page 437 - 438 (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - May 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Corrigendum: Artificial intelligence in dentistry: current applications and future perspectives
Chen, Yo-wei / Stanley, Kyle / Att, WaelPage 430 - 430The following amendments are made to the published article: Quintessence Int 2020;51(3):248 –257; First published 4 February2020; doi:10.3290/j.qi.a43952Artificial intelligence in dentistry: current applications and future perspectivesYo-wei Chen, DDS, MSc/Kyle Stanley, DDS/Wael Att, DDS, Dr Med Dent, PhD (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - April 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental care during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak: operatory considerations and clinical aspects
Conclusion: Logistic and clinical steps are required to provide dental care during the COVID-19 outbreak while preventing cross-contamination and protecting the dental team during the provision of care. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Clinical efficacy of a new fully piezoelectric technique for third molar root extraction without using manual tools: a clinical randomized controlled study
Conclusions: The new piezoelectric third molar root extraction technique allowed third molar extraction in less than one half the surgical time required by the traditional technique. The advantages seem to be more pronounced in difficult cases. However, both surgeons who performed the procedures were very experienced and all the patients were young. Therefore, caution should be given to the generalization of the results. Multicenter studies with a larger variety of patients are needed to confirm the promising results of this study. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Features of peri-implantitis associated with luting cement extrusion: a histopathologic report in humans
Conclusion: This report, documenting a case of peri-implantitis associated with excess cement extrusion, revealed that that the bone loss was associated with an inflammatory infiltrate. Additional studies focusing on the histopathologic characteristics of peri-implantitis could help to increase the knowledge of peri-implant disease to shed light on prevention and treatment. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of four-implant-retained overdentures and implant-supported fixed prostheses using the All-on-4 concept in the maxilla in terms of patient satisfaction, quality of life, and marginal bone loss: a 2-year retrospective study
Mumcu, Emre / Dayan, Suleyman Cagatay / Genceli, Emrah / Geckili, OnurPage 388 - 396Objective: The purpose of the present study was to compare and assess maxillary edentulous patients treated with four-implant-retained overdentures and with implant-supported fixed prostheses using the All-on-4 concept in terms of patient satisfaction, oral health-related quality of life, and marginal bone loss.Method and materials: Thirty-three patients treated with either maxillary four-implant-retained overdentures (n = 15) or with maxillary implant-supported fixed prosthesis using the All-on-4 concept (n = 18) were compared in terms of ...
Source: Quintessence International - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of methods to increase the amount of keratinized mucosa before stage-two surgery: a randomized controlled study
Conclusion: Despite the limitations of the study, it was found that FGG was the most effective technique to augment the amount of KM in sites of implant placement. The use of a collagen matrix could be a viable alternative to diminish the intervention's impact on patients' postoperative quality of life. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Cold atmospheric plasma for bleaching endodontically treated tooth: a new clinical approach
Paveli ć, Božidar / Švarc, Mateja Zaher / Šegović, Sanja / Bago, IvonaPage 364 - 371The most commonly used bleaching agents contain different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide. In the present case, the bleaching procedure was performed using an induced field of cold atmospheric plasma, obtained from dielectric barrier discharge. The therapeutic effect of the device used in the clinical procedure is based on floating electrode dielectric barrier discharge, in which the glass electrode functions as the primary electrode, while the therapeutic area, which in this case is the tooth, re...
Source: Quintessence International - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Randomized clinical trial of different adhesion strategies in noncarious cervical lesion restorations: 1-year follow-up
Conclusion: The four different adhesion strategies in the NCCL restorations presented similar clinical performance after 1 year of follow-up. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial: COVID-19: an opportunity to lead
Levin, LiranPage 351 - 351 (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial: Dental practitioners' role in the assessment and containment of coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Evolving recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control
Mupparapu, MelPage 349 - 350 (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - April 23, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Face transplantation: general review and long-term management of the dental patient
The objective of this report is to review patient demographics, etiologies, structural graft components, immunosuppressive strategies, donor tissue pathogenicity, neurologic recovery, potential complications, and present clinical guidelines for dental management. Additionally, a brief discussion of the preparation of the donor mask, and cutaneous and intraoral images of allograft rejection have been provided. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The twin block injection: an adjunctive clinical aid for the management of acute arthrogenous temporomandibular joint dysfunction
Ananthan, Sowmya / Subramanian, Gayathri / Patel, Trishna / Quek, Samuel Y. P.Page 330 - 333Background: The twin block Injection is a novel nerve block that has been shown previously to be efficacious in the management of masticatory myofascial pain. Little is known about its effectiveness for reducing pain from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).Case report: A 19-year-old man presented with limited mouth opening with pain in the left side of his face. After a thorough history and examination was completed, the diagnosis was acute anterior disc displacement without reduction in the left TMJ and myalgia of the left side temp...
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Collagen matrices: opportunities and perspectives in oral hard and soft tissue regeneration
Pabst, Andreas / K ämmerer, Peer W.Page 318 - 327Free mucous membrane grafts and connective soft tissue grafts have been considered the gold standard in oral soft tissue regeneration for a long period of time. Due to the morbidity while harvesting autogenous soft tissue grafts, xenogeneic collagen matrices of porcine origin were recently developed. Next to soft tissue regeneration, these collagen matrices have also been reported to be suitable for bone regeneration in the context of bone graft stabilization and shielding techniques. Collagen matrices are classed as medical devices, and are produced in a complex treatm...
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Pain assessment during mandibular nerve block injection with the aid of dental vibe tool in pediatric dental patients: a randomized clinical trial
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of DentalVibe in pain reduction during local anesthetic injection compared to traditional injection in pediatric patients.Method and materials: This cross-over randomized controlled clinical trial included a sample of 60 children, aged 5 to 7 years, who were selected based on the need for local anesthesia for bilateral mandibular pulpotomy treatment. They were randomly allocated into two groups. Each group received two mandibular nerve block injections, with a 2-week interval as the washing out period. At first appointment, mandibular nerve block injection was performed either...
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

PROA concept: prosthetic restoration with orthodontic appliance
S ánchez-Monescillo, Andrés / Duarte, SillasPage 304 - 308This paper describes an alternative computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technique for the creation of a combined prosthetic restoration with orthodontic appliance (PROA). This concept allows the use of orthodontic appliances such as brackets, attachments, or any other type of appliance over different types of prosthetic restorations. The PROA concept aims to mitigate problems associated with performing restorative treatment when orthodontic treatment is necessary. This proposed concept provides the clinicians with proper contro...
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Implant splinting in mandibular overdentures: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the meta-analysis, there is no influence of implant splinting on peri-implant marginal bone level and implant failures for completely edentulous patients rehabilitated with mandibular implant overdentures. However, this result should be interpreted with caution due to the limited number of analyzed studies, most of them considered at unclear risk of bias. Well-designed randomized controlled trials with follow-up periods of at least 5 years are highly recommended to establish evidence with regard to the influence of implant splinting on mandibular overdentures. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

An alternative approach for vestibular extension using temporary coverage of epithelialized palatal grafts
Meitner, Sean / Papadimitriou, Dimitrios / Kotsailidi, Elli Anna / Habibzadeh, Maryam / Chochlidakis, Konstantinos / Ercoli, Carlo / Caton, Jack / Tsigarida, AlexandraPage 286 - 292An alternative approach was used to increase the buccal vestibular depth of two edentulous patients, using free epithelialized palatal grafts. Two edentulous patients presented with shallow vestibules and inadequate keratinized tissue width in the mandibular anterior region. These sites were treated with vestibuloplasty followed by placement of an epithelialized palatal graft. In order to minimize graft movement and possible mechanical trauma to...
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

An examination of the 2-year results obtained from hyaluronic acid filler injection for interdental papilla losses
Conclusion: The results showed that success was obtained in both arches with hyaluronic acid filler injection applied for reconstruction of multiple papilla losses; because the filling percentages in the maxilla at 3 months and 12 months were greater than those in the mandible, it can be suggested that results can be obtained more quickly and at a higher level in the maxilla. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Flexural strength of minimum thickness ceramic veneers manufactured with different techniques
Conclusion: Both ceramic systems (CAD/CAM and heat-pressed) have similar fracture strength, although bilayer restorations present lower strength when compared with monolithic ceramics. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Guest Editorial: Are we ready for a new relationship between academicians, academia, and publishing houses?
Machtei, Eli E.Page 265 - 265 (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - March 3, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Artificial intelligence in dentistry: current applications and future perspectives
This article introduces the principles of AI and reviews the development of AI and how it is currently being used. AI technology has influenced the health care field because of the need for accurate diagnosis and superior patient care. In order to understand the trend of AI in dentistry, electronic searching was carried out, combined with approaching individual companies to obtain the details of AI-based services. The current applications of AI in clinical dentistry were introduced and summarized. In the future, the AI-based comprehensive care system is expected to establish high-quality patient care and innovative researc...
Source: Quintessence International - February 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Assessment of dental radiation dose reduction utilizing mathematical pediatric phantom models: applications in clinical practice
Conclusion: This study suggests the use of rectangular collimators provides clinically relevant dose reduction for pediatric patients, even when altering from smaller round to rectangular collimation with equivalent beam quality, and this information can be utilized in all dental practices. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - February 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Spontaneous mandibular fracture as a complication of inferior alveolar nerve transposition and placement of endosseous dental implants in the atrophic mandible: a review of the literature and a report of two cases and their nonsurgical conservative management
Conclusions: Spontaneous fractures following inferior alveolar nerve transposition are an important but rare complication. Conservative treatment modalities might be useful and indicated in some of those cases. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - February 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Primary wound closure and perioperative antibiotic therapy for prevention of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw after tooth extraction
Conclusion: Tooth extractions, if performed under certain circumstances, would not seem to constitute a major risk factor for the development of BRONJ. The treatment protocol presented in this article seems to be highly effective in preventing development of ONJ after tooth extraction in patients under current or previous bisphosphonate therapy. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - February 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Presence of Trichomonas tenax and Entamoeba gingivalis in peri-implantitis lesions
Arpa ğ, Osman Fatih / Kaya, Özlem MakbulePage 212 - 218Objective: The aim was to investigate the presence of Entamoeba gingivalis and Trichomonas tenax in peri-implantitis lesions.Method and materials: A total of 141 individuals were included in this study, of which 40 had clinically healthy implants (group H); the remaining were associated with peri-implantitis (group P). Gingival crevicular fluid was collected using absorbent paper, followed by a dental plaque sample from the peri-implant sulcus/pocket using a titanium curette. The samples were transferred into an Eppendorf tube. Each specimen was divided into two ...
Source: Quintessence International - February 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Treatment of periodontal pockets at the distal aspect of mandibular second molar after surgical removal of impacted third molar and application of L-PRF: a split-mouth randomized clinical trial
Gasparro, Roberta / Sammartino, Gilberto / Mariniello, Mauro / di Lauro, Alessandro Espedito / Spagnuolo, Gianrico / Marenzi, GaetanoPage 204 - 211Objectives: Presence of clinical attachment loss on the distal aspect to the second molar may be associated with malposition of the third molar. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reduction of clinical attachment loss at the distal aspect of the second molar after third molar extraction and application of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF).Method and materials: Eighteen subjects with a clinical attachment loss on the distal site to the second molar associated wit...
Source: Quintessence International - February 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effect o f the application of hyaluronic acid following laser-assisted frenectomy: an examiner-blind, randomized, controlled clinical study
Turgut Çankaya, Zeynep / Gürbüz, Sühan / Bakirarar, Batuhan / Ünsal, Berrin / Kurtiş, BülentPage 188 - 201Objective: The effect of the hyaluronic acid (HA) on laser-assisted frenectomy wound healing has not been tested. This controlled, randomized, examiner-blinded clinical study aimed to compare the outcomes of laser-assisted frenectomy with and without an HA-containing gel application.Method and materials: The study included 40 patients aged 18 to 40 years, with high labial frenulum attachment requiring frenectomy. Following laser-assisted frenectomy, HA-gel was applied topically to the w...
Source: Quintessence International - February 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Guest Editorial: Emerging considerations when providing bariatric dentistry
Stefanova Stephens, Nadejda / Lipschitz, WaynePage 185 - 186 (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - February 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation of a senescent patient with Down syndrome
Conclusion: The lack, or inadequacy, of dental prostheses can impair the life quality of individuals in need of such restorations. Implant-supported dentures in combination with a bar construction improve the retention of prostheses in atrophied jaws. This form of restoration is also proving to be a successful therapy option for elderly persons with Down syndrome. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - January 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The effectiveness of topical lidocaine in relieving pain related to intranasal midazolam sedation: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial
Conclusion: INM administration results in burning sensation in the nasal mucosa with high levels of pain. Using topical lidocaine 2% counteracted the burning sensation and achieved a higher acceptance rate and lower pain scores. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - January 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral lichen planus and lichenoid lesions: what's new?
This article presents therapies for dental practitioners who do not focus on treating patients with oral mucosa diseases. Oral lichenoid lesions, which are clinically and histologically similar, must be distinguished from oral lichen planus. Before starting therapy, it is necessary to differentiate between drug- and contact-related variants. Both clinical features have in common that according to the World Health Organization (2017) they belong to the class of potentially malignant disorders. Accordingly, these patients must be referred to a regular, and in oral lichen planus patients, lifelong, recall. (Source: Quintessence International)
Source: Quintessence International - January 16, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research