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A Phenomenological Approach to Psychopathology of Imagination: Development of a Descriptive Instrument – Examination of Anomalous Fantasy and Imagination
We present an account of the phenomenology of imagination and proceed to a presentation of the disorders of imagination that are addressed in the EAFI. Furthermore, the interrater reliability of the EAFI was examined in a diagnostically heterogeneous sample of 20 in-patients. The interrater agreement ranged from 0.6 to 1.0, with an average κ of 0.84. The internal consistency of the EAFI as measured by Cronbach’s α was above 0.88. We suggest that the anomalies of imagination explored by the EAFI reflect an alteration of the structure of consciousness and belong to a fundamental, generative layer of psychop...
Source: Psychopathology - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

EAFI: Examination of Anomalous Fantasy and Imagination
The Examination of Anomalous Fantasy and Imagination (EAFI) is an instrument for a semistructured, phenomenological exploration of psychopathology of imagination. The EAFI provides a conceptual-descriptive framework to address such experiences. It consists of 16 main items, sometimes divided into subtypes. We suggest that the anomalies of imagination explored by the EAFI reflect an alteration in the structure of consciousness and belong to a fundamental, generative layer of psychopathology with relevance to differential diagnostic purposes.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - May 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Self in the Spectrum: A Closer Look at the Temporal Stability of Self-Disorders in Schizophrenia
Self-disorders are temporally persisting, experiential anomalies of subjective experiences that index liability to schizophrenia. They impact on the temporal unfolding of concomitant, diagnostic symptoms and can be suitably characterized through the Examination of Anomalous Self Ex periences (EASE). Capitalizing on the results of a recent longitudinal study, we explored the relevant patterns of interaction within self-disorders ’ descriptive dimensions (i.e., stream of consciousness, presence, corporeality, demarcation, and solipsism). The results indicated that after a 5-year follow-up the interconnection across SD ...
Source: Psychopathology - May 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anomalous Self-Experiences: Markers of Schizophrenia Vulnerability or Symptoms of Depersonalization Disorder? A Phenomenological Investigation of Two Cases
Conclusions: The similarities and differences in ASEs, symptomatology and developmental pathways of the two cases might be accounted for by an updated model of self-disorders. The model proposes that schizophrenia manifests as a result of a combination of early “primary”-onset ASEs, reflecting dis­turbances in early neurodevelopment, and later occurring, “secondary” ASEs of a more defensive-protective character. In line with this, the DPD case may be characterized only by secondary ASEs and thus better protected against psychotic decompensation th an the SPD case, tentatively affected by a combi...
Source: Psychopathology - May 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Repetitive Negative Thinking and Its Role in Perinatal Mental Health
Conclusions: RNT may be a modifiable risk factor which can be targeted in pregnancy to prevent depression and anxiety in new mothers.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - April 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Studying Effects and Process in Psychotherapy for Personality Disorders
This presentation gives an overview of the methods used for research on the process and outcome of psychotherapy. Possibilities as well as difficulties will be discussed, such as the conflict between internal and external validity and standardized versus individualized procedures as some of the issues deserving particular attention for research on psychotherapy for personality disorder patients. It is argued that good psychotherapy research is also good psychotherapy research for personality disorders, with heterogeneity, ego-syntony, and ambivalent motivation needing special attention. Adaptations of and alternatives for ...
Source: Psychopathology - April 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Neurobiological Mechanisms Mediating Emotion Dysregulation as Targets of Change in Borderline Personality Disorder
Emotion dysregulation is a hallmark of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Most interventions for patients with BPD, therefore, aim at the improvement of emotion regulation. In the current paper, we provide an overview of studies investigating the effects of psychotherapeutic or pharmacological interventions on neurobiological correlates of various aspects of emotion regulation. In fact, studies suggest that the prefrontal-limbic circuit may play a major role in mediating effects of clinically efficacious psychotherapeutic treatments, i.e., they lead to clinical improvement via modulating the function and structure of t...
Source: Psychopathology - April 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Personality Disorders, Functioning and Health
Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - April 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Brain Stimulation Studies of Social Norm Compliance: Implications for Personality Disorders?
Several personality disorders involve pathological behaviors that violate social norms, commonly held expectations about what ought to be done in specific situations. These symptoms usually emerge early in development, are persistent and hard to treat, and are often ego-syntonic. Here I present some recent brain stimulation studies suggesting that pathological changes in different aspects of norm-compliant behavior reflect dysfunctions of brain circuits involving distinct prefrontal brain areas. One set of studies shows that transcranial direct current stimulation of the right lateral prefrontal cortex changes the behavior...
Source: Psychopathology - April 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Preliminary Probe of Personality Predicting Psychotherapy Outcomes: Perspectives from Therapists and Their Clients
Conclusions: Broadly, these results provided preliminary information about the promise of dimensional models for improving the clinical utility of personality disorder diagnoses. More specifically, these results reinforced the relevance of personality assessment during therapy and indicated the potential predictive value of ratings by therapists and their clients.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - April 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in Borderline Personality Disorder: Diagnostic Comparisons and Associations with Potentially Harmful Behaviors
Conclusions: BPD and MAD endorse cognitive ER strategies with a comparable frequency, although BPD subjects engage in potentially harmful behaviors more often. Subthreshold BPD symptoms may also affect rates of ER strategy use in individuals with other mental disorders.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - March 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychopathological Symptoms and Satisfaction with Mental Health in Patients with Schizophrenia
Conclusions: Observer-rated psychopathological symptoms are linked to patients ’ mental health satisfaction. In addition to affective symptoms – which are commonly negatively linked with satisfaction ratings – a higher level of negative symptoms makes patients less satisfied with their mental health, whilst positive and other symptoms do not influence mental health satis faction.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - March 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychosis Is Mutable over Time: A Longitudinal Psychopathology Study
Conclusions: The course of schizophrenia is heterogeneous and shows frequent changes in psychopathology. This should be taken into account in the communication with patients and in the research on underlying illness mechanisms and treatment. A major limitation of this study is the small sample size.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - March 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Behavioral and Neurobiological Correlates of Disturbed Emotion Processing in Borderline Personality Disorder
One of the core symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD) is emotion dysregulation, which comprises emotion sensitivity, heightened and labile negative affect, deficient appropriate regulation strategies, and a surplus of maladaptive regulation strategies. Although earlier studies provided some evidence for threat hypersensitivity in terms of a negatively biased perception of other people ( “negativity bias”) and deficits in the recognition of full-blown anger, i.e., higher error rates and slower reaction times, researchers have only recently started studying effects of interindividual differences (e.g....
Source: Psychopathology - March 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Arabic Version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (30 Items): Psychometric Properties and Some Findings in a Lebanese Elderly Sample
Conclusion: The Arabic version of the GDS can be used to estimate the severity of depression in the Lebanese elderly population. Periodic screening for anxiety, nutritional status, and stress is also recommended among geriatric people living in Lebanon.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - March 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Improving Family Functioning to (Hopefully) Improve Treatment Efficacy of Borderline Personality Disorder: An Opportunity Not to Dismiss
People having intimate relationships with persons suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) – for instance, members of their family – are likely to be involved in stormy, roller coaster relationships. Thus, they may feel overwhelmed by extreme, unpredictable feelings and situations, even when they do not suffer from any mental disorder or have no problems with mentalization. As a conse quence of living with a BPD relative, family members often experience an emotional and financial burden, and may blame themselves for their relative’s illness or for not being able to do more to help. This can le...
Source: Psychopathology - February 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Epigenetics, Early Adversity and Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Epigenetic modification, such as DNA methylation (DNAm), is a mechanism that can help explain how early adversities can engender long-term vulnerability for mental health problems. At present, there is preliminary evidence to support the possibility of epigenetic mediation: environmental factors are reported to influence offspring DNAm, which in turn associate with child and adolescent psychopathology. However, all analyses have been correlational in nature and, as these studies have focussed on children and adolescents, DNAm has been based on peripheral tissue (cord blood, whole blood, buccal cells). Therefore, the extent...
Source: Psychopathology - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Ambulatory Assessment of Borderline Personality Disorder
Ambulatory assessment (AA) is an important tool that promises to minimize retrospective biases while gathering ecologically valid data, including self-reports, physiological or biological data, and observed behavior, for example, from daily life experiences. AA is well suited for studying borderline personality disorder (BPD) because it can measure moods and emotion (as well as dynamic mood processes, mood changes, and mood instability), problematic behaviors (including interpersonal conflicts, addictive behaviors, binge and purge episodes, and motoric activity), and problematic cognitions/expectancies/urges (e.g., rejecti...
Source: Psychopathology - February 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Personality Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder: An Overview
Conclusions: From a research perspective, better agreement on both diagnoses and outcomes is urgently needed to improve the overall quality of the evidence. Clinically, despite the limitations in the literature, it is unacceptable for PD services to ignore AUD and for AUD services not to screen for PD. Both are likely to have an impact on health and functioning and should be considered in routine reviews. A better conceptualization of the putative mechanisms of this interaction, as well as an understanding of the neurobiology and reasons for the impact on treatment outcomes, will help to move the field forward.Psychopathol...
Source: Psychopathology - February 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissism in Borderline Personality Disorder
Conclusion: Vulnerable narcissism is closely associated with BPD and appears to be more dysfunctional than grandiose narcissism. A comprehensive consideration of both traits is recommended. Our results might help to generate hypotheses for further research on pathological narcissism in the spectrum of personality disorders. Future studies are advised to apply complementary measures and take new diagnostic approaches of DSM-5 and ICD-11 into account.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - February 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychotic Symptoms and Attitudes toward Medication Mediate the Effect of Insight on Personal-Social Functions in Patients with Schizophrenia: One-Year Randomized Controlled Trial and Follow-Up
Conclusions: The link between insight and personal-social functions is mainly mediated by psychotic symptoms. Psychosocial intervention improves the predicting effect of insight on personal-social function by improving both the attitude toward medication and psychotic symptoms independently.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - February 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Clinical Components of Borderline Personality Disorder and Personality Functioning
Conclusions: Both diagnostic models, DSM-5 BPD criteria and PO, are not only related but complementary concepts. The results of this study particularly recommend STIPO for the assessment of relational functioning, which is a major domain of the Personality Functioning Scale Levels of the DSM-5 AMPD.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - January 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mentalization and Self-Efficacy as Mediators between Psychological Symptom Severity and Disabilities in Activities and Participation in Psychotherapy Patients
Background: Psychotherapy patients can be more or less disabled by their psychological symptoms. The present study investigated whether mentalization and self-efficacy contribute to the association between psychological symptom severity and disabilities in activities and participation.Methods: The data of 216 psychotherapy inpatients were examined in a cross-sectional design. Bootstrapping-enhanced mediation analyses were performed to investigate whether self-efficacy and mentalization are mediators between psychological symptom severity and disabilities in activities and participation. The Hamburg Modules for the Assessme...
Source: Psychopathology - January 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cenesthopathy and Subjective Cognitive Complaints: An Exploratory Study in Schizophrenia
Conclusions: Cenesthopathy, as assessed with the Bonn Scale (BSABS), is mainly associated with cog ­nitive abnormalities including disturbances of thought initiative and mental intentionality, of receptive speech, and subjective retardation or pressure of thoughts.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - January 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Acknowledgement to Reviewers
Psychopathology 2017;50:416 (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - January 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Contents Vol. 50, 2017
Psychopathology 2017;50:I-IV (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - January 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Association among Default Mode Network Functional Connectivity, Mentalization, and Psychopathology in a Nonclinical Sample: An eLORETA Study
Conclusion: Our results may reflect a top-down emotion regulation deficit which is associated with both internalizing and externalizing behavior problems.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - January 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Space and Time in the Obsessive-Compulsive Phenomenon
Following the tradition of researchers of the phenomenological-anthropological school such as Straus, von Gebsattel, Tellenbach, and Blankenburg, the author attempts to approach the obsessive-compulsive disorder from a phenomenological perspective. This means setting aside any previous ideas about the phenomenon in question, including genetic, neurobiological, and clinical-statistical considerations. He takes as his starting point a clinically typical case he studied and treated with psychoanalytically oriented psychotherapy for many years. After delving briefly into the interesting psychodynamic connections between the pa...
Source: Psychopathology - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Brief Measure of the International Classification of Diseases-11 Adjustment Disorder: Investigation of Psychometric Properties in an Adult Help-Seeking Sample
Adjustment disorder is one of the most prevalent mental disorders. However, there are almost no measures available for its assessment. We aimed to analyze the psychometric properties of a brief version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-11 adjustment disorder scale (Adjustment Disorder New Module-8; ADNM-8) in a help-seeking sample. Data from 1,174 participants with an average age of 35 years who registered for the internet-based self-help adjustment disorder intervention were analyzed. Psychometric properties of the brief 8-item self-report (ADNM-8) scale measuring the 2 core adjustment disorder symptom...
Source: Psychopathology - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anorexia Nervosa and First-Person Perspective: Altruism, Family System, and Body Experience
Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of specific subjectivity in anorexic subjects. We seek to identify, in a first-person perspective, the core vulnerability features of anorexic existence, beyond the dimension of food alone. The identification of a psychopathological structure results in a better understanding of Jeanne's clinical situation and helps formulate psychotherapeutic and prophylactic recommendations. We suggest that so-called “denial” is a psychological mechanism that should be reconsidered. Denial is not a mechanism pertaining to anorexic subjects a...
Source: Psychopathology - December 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Beyond Autism: Introducing the Dialectical Misattunement Hypothesis and a Bayesian Account of Intersubjectivity
Drawing on sociocultural theories and Bayesian accounts of brain function, in this article we construe psychiatric conditions as disorders of social interaction to fully account for their complexity and dynamicity across levels of description and temporal scales. After an introduction of the theoretical underpinnings of our integrative approach, we take autism spectrum conditions (ASC) as a paradigm example and discuss how neurocognitive hypotheses can be translated into a Bayesian formulation, i.e., in terms of predictive processing and active inference. We then argue that consideration of individuals (even within a Bayes...
Source: Psychopathology - December 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Negative Symptoms and Avoidance of Social Interaction: A Study of Non-Verbal Behaviour
Conclusions: Negative symptoms are associated with both a lower level of actively engaging non-verbal behaviour and an increased active avoidance of social contact. Future research should aim to identify the mechanisms behind flight behaviour, with implications for the development of treatments to improve social functioning.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - December 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Did the DSM-5 Improve the Traumatic Stressor Criterion: Association of DSM-IV and DSM-5 Criterion A with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms
Conclusions: Our results indicate that the current DSM-5 definition of trauma, although a slight improvement from DSM-IV, is not highly predictive of who develops PTSD symptoms. Our study also indicates the importance of individual perception of life threat in the prediction of PTSD.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - November 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Phenomenological Account of Sensorimotor Difficulties in Autism: Intentionality, Movement, and Proprioception
During the last decades, the focus in autism research has been progressively extended. Today it offers a large amount of material on sensorimotor disturbances as well as perceptive-cognitive preferences of people with autism. However, there are more and more critical voices against an intellectualist perspective in the cognitive sciences. The “enactive approach” as well as a new “movement perspective” to autism challenge the view of autism as a mere “cognitive” disturbance. They criticize the conception of a cognizing subject which is only interested in the world in as much as she/he can...
Source: Psychopathology - November 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Did the DSM-5 Improve the Traumatic Stressor Criterion?: Association of DSM-IV and DSM-5 Criterion A with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms
Conclusions: Our results indicate that the current DSM-5 definition of trauma, although a slight improvement from DSM-IV, is not highly predictive of who develops PTSD symptoms. Our study also indicates the importance of individual perception of life threat in the prediction of PTSD.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - November 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Nonfunctional Redundant Acts Characterize OCD, Even in OCD-Unrelated Tasks: A Demonstration in Questionnaire Completion
Conclusions: The hallmarks of OCD, repetitions and additions, are manifested not only in the patient's rituals and thoughts, but in apparently “neutral” tasks that do not a priori involve the intrusive thoughts, urges, and images typical of obsessive-compulsive behavior. Additions seem to be more specific to OCD than repetitions. These two executive faults impede routine functionality of OCD patients in tasks related and unrelated to t heir rituals. Our study delineates simple, observable behavioral characteristics that distinguish between OCD and non-OCD anxiety patients as well as healthy individuals. These s...
Source: Psychopathology - November 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

New Insight into Affectivity in Schizophrenia: from the Phenomenology of Marc Richir
Conclusion: The Richirian account on affectivity can be fruitfully put into discussion with other recent phenomenological models on schizophrenia. It might be able to exhibit affectivity as the operative ground of minimal self-disturbance and thus argue for its intersubjective dimension.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - October 26, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Disturbances of Embodiment as Core Phenomena of Depression in Clinical Practice
This paper proposes a phenomenological approach to the diagnosis of depression, with the aim of overcoming the broadness and nonspecificity of the concept of major depressive disorder (MDD) in current systems of diagnostic classification of mental disorders. Firstly, we outline the methodological limitations of the current classification systems for the diagnosis of MDD. Secondly, we offer a conceptual differentiation between a “symptomatological” versus a “phenomenological” diagnosis of depression. Thirdly, we propose characteristic “disturbances of embodiment” as the fundamental phenom...
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“Lanthanic Presentation” in First-Episode Psychosis Predicts Long Service Delay: The Challenge of Detecting Masked Psychosis
Conclusion: Anomalous experiences of pleasure, desire, or motivation are common in emerging psychosis. These difficulties are often misinterpreted as complaints of depression and anxiety by health professionals. The presence of such symptoms can introduce a focal vision on the part of health care professionals on the immediate presentation rather than the underlying psychopathology, leading to the underdetection of psychosis.Psychopathology 2017;50:282-289 (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Etiology of Hoarding Disorder: A Review
This article will review the evidence of various proposed factors that contribute to the onset and maintenance of hoarding disorder (HD). Data suggests that hoarding is a chronic condition that starts early in life and does not remit if left untreated. There is emerging evidence that a number of factors contribute to the expression of HD symptoms, including genetics, neurocognitive functioning, attachments to possessions, beliefs, avoidance, personality factors, and life events. The extent to which each etiological factor uniquely contributes to hoarding is still unknown. Other demographic factors, such as socioeconomic st...
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Schizophrenia, Self, and Person: Eugen Bleuler and Arthur Kronfeld on a Conceptual Alliance
The conceptual history of schizophrenia is marked by considerable dissent about its nosological status, and the question of whether it represents a distinct disease entity remains hotly debated. Another recurring feature in the conceptual history of schizophrenia is the reference to concepts of self and person. This paper brings in connection these two debates by interrogating the nosological function of “self” and “person” by means of a fictitious dialogue between Eugen Bleuler, the inventor of schizophrenia, and his contemporary Arthur Kronfeld. Introducing their respective accounts of schizophren...
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Impairments in Unipolar Depression: The Impact of Rumination
Conclusions: The current study is the first to systematically investigate the impact of rumination on cognitive impairments in MDD, exploring a broad range of cognitive domains. The results partially support the hypothesis that rumination has an impact on single cognitive domains and highlight the necessity for further investigations in order to generalize these findings.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Stereotype Knowledge and Endorsement in Schizophrenia
Conclusions: Findings indicate that individuals with schizophrenia tend to hold less negative attitudes toward stigmatized outgroups and, most notably, that knowledge about culturally transmitted stereotypes is relatively preserved in schizophrenia. Future research should address the generalizability of the findings in relation to the perception of other stigmatized social groups.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intersubjectivity and Psychopathology in the Schizophrenia Spectrum: Complicated We, Compensatory Strategies, and Self-Disorders
Recent studies in phenomenological psychopathology emphasize the importance of intersubjectivity for our understanding of schizophrenia. Yet, the central role of the “we” in social experience and engagement is largely absent from this literature. Our study explores the relation between psychopathology and intersubjectivity in the schizophrenia spectrum through the prism of the “we.” First, we explore the role of intersubjectivity in the current schizophr enia spectrum definitions and discuss the main contemporary research trends. Second, we recollect some of the classical accounts of schizophrenia, ...
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Bipolar Disorder and/or Creative Bipolarity: Robert Schumann's Exemplary Psychopathology - Combining Symptomatological and Psychosocial Perspectives with Creativity Research
The psychopathological condition of Robert Schumann has been a prominent object of study in psychiatry since his hospitalization in 1854. Renowned psychiatrists have diagnosed Schumann with syphilis, schizophrenia, and bipolar and personality disorders. Until today, these analyses of his symptomatology have led to contradictory results. Recent discussion has suggested that his hospitalization was due to professional failure and separation wishes on the part of his wife, her family, and her friends. In line with this hypothesis is the opinion that the separation insisted upon by Clara Schumann was reinforced by the economic...
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Impact of Theoretical Orientation and Training on Preference for Diagnostic Models of Personality Pathology
The role of theoretical orientation in determining preference for different methods of diagnosis has been largely unexplored. The goal of the present study was to explore ratings of the usefulness of 4 diagnostic methods after applying them to a patient: prototype ratings derived from the SWAP-II, the DSM-5 Section III specific personality disorders, the DSM-5 Section III trait model, and prototype ratings derived from thePsychodynamic Diagnostic Manual(PDM). Three hundred and twenty-nine trainees in APA-accredited doctoral programs and internships rated one of their current patients with each of the 4 diagnostic methods. ...
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Diagnosing Psychopathy through Emotional Regulation Tasks: Heart Rate Variability versus Implicit Association Test
Conclusions: An HRV experiment is better than IAT in order to detect psychopathy in a representative sample of Spanish inmates.Psychopathology (Source: Psychopathology)
Source: Psychopathology - October 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Impact of Theoretical Orientation and Training on Preference for Diagnostic Models of Personality Pathology
The role of theoretical orientation in determining preference for different methods of diagnosis has been largely unexplored. The goal of the present study was to explore ratings of the usefulness of 4 diagnostic methods after applying them to a patient: prototype ratings derived from the SWAP-II, the DSM-5 Section III specific personality disorders, the DSM-5 Section III trait model, and prototype ratings derived from thePsychodynamic Diagnostic Manual(PDM). Three hundred and twenty-nine trainees in APA-accredited doctoral programs and internships rated one of their current patients with each of the 4 diagnostic methods. ...
Source: Psychopathology - October 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Bipolar Disorder and/or Creative Bipolarity: Robert Schumann's Exemplary Psychopathology - Combining Symptomatological and Psychosocial Perspectives with Creativity Research
The psychopathological condition of Robert Schumann has been a prominent object of study in psychiatry since his hospitalization in 1854. Renowned psychiatrists have diagnosed Schumann with syphilis, schizophrenia, and bipolar and personality disorders. Until today, these analyses of his symptomatology have led to contradictory results. Recent discussion has suggested that his hospitalization was due to professional failure and separation wishes on the part of his wife, her family, and her friends. In line with this hypothesis is the opinion that the separation insisted upon by Clara Schumann was reinforced by the economic...
Source: Psychopathology - October 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research