Perspectives on Working with Immigrants Held in Detention Using Photovoice
This study used Photovoice to capture reflections on how the lives of volunteers are affected by their work on behalf of immigrant family detainees. Participants were recruited over a two-month period in 2018 from amongst the volunteers of a non-governmental organization that provides legal services to the detainees at one immigration detention center. Participants submitted photos and captions that explored their experiences with their work. Thirteen volunteers consented to participate and submitted 44 photos with captions to the project. Major themes included emotional challenges of the work, frustrations with the U.S. g...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - October 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lessons Learned to Building Stakeholder Engagement during the Initial Stages of Pragmatic Research Development and Implementation
AbstractResearch does not occur in a vacuum. Effective stakeholder engagement occurs on several levels, including outside influence and cooperation inside the institution. Little guidance around designing and implementing pragmatic mental health research exists. The following paper outlines lessons learned during the initial stages of research design and implementation for a project focused on mental health treatment outcomes. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - October 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impulsivity and its Therapeutic Management in Borderline Personality Disorder: a Systematic Review
AbstractNo treatment has been approved and recognized as effective in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Impulsivity is a key dimension because it is a predictor of remission but also suicide. The purpose of this review is to establish an inventory on the management of impulsivity in BPD and determine the effective treatments. A systematic review on the PubMed and Ovid databases was conducted up to September 2019 to December 2019 using the PRISMA guidelines. The inclusion criteria were: studies with patients with borderline personality disorder, were published between 1989 and 2019, used English-language and evaluated ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Based Short-Term Abstinence Intervention for Problematic Social Media Use: Improved Well-Being and Underlying Mechanisms
AbstractProblematic social media use is detrimental to users ’ subjective well-being. Based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), we proposed a short-term abstinence intervention to treat this problem. A mixed method study with 65 participants was conducted to examine the effectiveness of this intervention and to reveal the underlying mechanisms of how the intervention influences participants. While the experimental group (N = 33) took eight 2.5-h breaks from social media over two weeks and had daily dairies, the control group (N = 32) used social media as usual and had daily diaries. The...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among People Living with HIV/AIDS: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
AbstractNumerous studies have reported that the prevalence estimates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) might be substantially high among people with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) when compared to the general population. However, there are no previous systematic reviews and meta-analysis studies that reported the pooled prevalence of PTSD among PLWHA. To fill this gap in research, this study aims to analyze data from observational studies concerning the prevalence of PTSD among PLWHA and formulate a recommendation for future research and clinical practice. Three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and SCOPUS) were searched to i...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Recovering the Capacity to Live outside of a Psychiatric Hospital: Impact of a Specialized Inpatient Program
AbstractDeinstitutionalization in psychiatry led to a decrease in hospital beds, short hospital admissions focussed on symptoms reduction, and the development of ambulatory care. However, the needs of patients who despite symptoms reduction do not display the minimal competencies to live alone or in a sheltered accommodation, are not met in such a context. They usually go through long admissions and fail to improve. In 2016, we implemented a new inpatient program focused on fostering the development of the competencies needed to adapt to living outside the hospital; the aim of this study was to evaluate if it lead to the r...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Acceptability and Feasibility of Using Text Messaging to Support the Delivery of Physical Health Care in those Suffering from a Psychotic Disorder: a Review of the Literature
AbstractThose suffering with serious mental illness (SMI), such as psychotic disorders, experience life expectancy 15  years shorter than the general population. Cardiovascular disease is the biggest cause of death in those with psychotic disease and many risk factors may be limited by healthy lifestyle choices. Text messaging interventions represent mobile health (mHealth), a nascent way to deliver physical healt h care to those suffering with a psychotic disorder. This paper aims to review the literature on the feasibility of text messaging to support the delivery of physical health care in those with a psychotic di...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Comparison of Cognitive Processing Therapy and Seeking Safety for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans
AbstractTo compare the outcomes of Seeking Safety (SS) and cognitive processing therapy (CPT) in veterans with PTSD in a specialty clinic of an urban VA medical center. Retrospective chart review of electronic medical records was conducted for 420 veterans with PTSD who received treatment with either CPT (n = 227) or SS (n = 193) in group setting. 1) treatment completion rate, 2) self-reported PTSD symptom severity measured by PTSD checklist (PCL), and 3) additional mental health services received within 12 months after treatment. Data were analyzed for the 160 who had both a pre and post P...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation and Attempt Among Young People with HIV/AIDS: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
This study found that a considerable proportion of young people with HIV/AIDS had suicidal ideation and attempt , suggesting the urgent needs of intervention strategies to relieve the suffering and possibly prevent death due to suicide. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clozapine for Treatment-Refractory Aggressive Behavior
AbstractEmergency psychiatry has the main role of resolving suicidal behavior and aggression. These severe psychiatric symptoms can be found in many psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression, personality disorders, cognitive disorders, intellectual disability and substance abuse. Although indications for the use of antipsychotics are limited to a specific group of diseases, they are frequently used as rescue medication in high-risk or nonresponsive cases. Clozapine, the gold standard for TRS (treatment resistant schizophrenia) is effective in controlling aggression. The aim of the rese...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evaluating the Prevalence of PTSD among Children and Adolescents after Earthquakes and Floods: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
AbstractOur study systematically reviews articles about the prevalence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among children and adolescents, aiming to evaluate its prevalence after earthquakes and floods.Three databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched for articles published from 1981 to 2019 containing information on PTSD prevalence among survivors of earthquakes and floods. Articles with insufficient data on the prevalence of PTSD or without any available full-text were excluded. Major study variables consist of the prevalence of PTSD of the included studies, gender, and the elapsed time after the di...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Hippocratic Risk: Epidemiology of Suicide in a Sample of Medical Undergraduates
AbstractIn spite of the growing awareness on medical students ’ mental health in recent years, epidemiologic literature about the topic is scarce, particularly for what concerns suicide. Here, we collected cases of suicides among medical students enrolled at a local University in Italy and compared it to the general population of the same age group. Our samp le was collected using records of suicides in the city of Pavia, Italy between the years of 2014 and 2019. This record was cross-referenced with enrolment numbers to the Medical Faculty of the city in order to select cases that involved medical students A time-wi...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Attitude towards Preventive Measures and Knowledge of COVID-19 Inpatients with Severe Mental Illness in Economically Underdeveloped Areas of China
This study examined hospitalized SMI patients ’ attitude and knowledge towards the COVID-19 infection. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in five psychiatric hospitals located in Gansu province, the most economically underdeveloped area in China. Patients’ attitude towards preventive measures and knowledge of COVID-19 were measured by a self-report questionnaire. A total of 925 hospitalized patients with SMI were recruited. Of them, 84.8% (95%CI: 82.4%–87.1%) had positive attitudes towards preventive measures of the COVID-19 outbreak. Being married (OR: 1.55, 95%CI: 1.05–2.30) and a higher educa...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical Utility and Safety of Slower-than-Recommended Titration of Clozapine for Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia: a Retrospective Cohort Study
AbstractSlow titration of clozapine is recommended given the risk of serious adverse effects. However, the utility and safety of slower-than-recommended titration of clozapine remain unclear. Consequently, we aimed to investigate the clinical utility and safety of slower-than-recommended titration of clozapine for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 152 inpatients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia who had been newly started on clozapine in a tertiary psychiatric public hospital between April 2012 and March 2018. The primary outcome was clozapine continuation for the first 18...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Clinical Characteristics and Comorbidities in Bipolar Disorder: a Study from South India
The objective of this study was to identify gender differences in patients with bipolar disorder. This was a cross-sectional, hospital-based observational study conducted over a period of 25  months. The sample consisted of 110 males and 90 females with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder according to ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research. Socio-demographic and clinical details were collected using semi-structured proforma. All patients were evaluated on Mini International Neuropsychiatr ic Interview Plus, Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale and Clinical Global Impression. Sample consisted of 55% men and 45% women. ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic and Social Restrictions on Depression Rates and Maternal Attachment in Immediate Postpartum Women: a Preliminary Study
AbstractWe aimed to evaluate the postpartum depression rates and maternal-infant bonding status among immediate postpartum women, whose last trimester overlapped with the lockdowns and who gave birth in a tertiary care center which had strong hospital restrictions due to serving also for COVID-19 patients, in the capital of Turkey. The low-risk term pregnant women who gave birth were given the surveys Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and Maternal Attachment Inventory (MAI) within 48  h after birth. A total of 223 women were recruited. The median score obtained from the EPDS was 7 (7) and 33 (14.7%) of the ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Burnout and its Associations with Demographic Correlates and Quality of Life among Psychiatric Nurses in China
This study examined the prevalence of burnout and its association with quality of life (QOL) among psychiatric nurses in China.Ten psychiatric hospitals were included. Burnout and QOL were measured using standardized instruments. Altogether, 1449 nurses completed the assessment. The mean scores of emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) and personal accomplishment (PA) were 11.87 (SD  = 6.72), 6.98 (SD = 5.71) and 22.06 (SD = 8.67), respectively. Of the participants, 59.8% (95% CI: 57–62%) experienced burnout; with 23.3% (95% CI: 21–25%) in EE, 14.6% (95% CI: ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal Depression and Child and Adolescent Problem Behaviors: a Propensity Score Matching Approach
AbstractPrior studies have consistently revealed that maternal depression is significantly associated with children exhibiting higher levels of internalizing problem behaviors and externalizing problem behaviors. However, there is reason to believe that prior research may have suffered from model misspecification and confounding that biased the conclusions drawn from these studies. We use this possibility as the foundation for our analyses that examine the potential association between maternal depression and child internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors while addressing the methodological limitations of previous...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Portrait of an Exhibitionist
In conclusion, precedents for exhibitionism vary. The frequency of the behavior usually wanes with age and, while exhibitionists may pose a risk to others, they usually do not. There is, as yet, no gold standard treatment; the recommendation for therapists is to respond to individual facets of the patient’s circumstances and history. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - August 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictors and Confounders of Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts among Adults with and without Depression
AbstractThis research aims to explore whether sex, race, age, education, and marital status can significantly predict suicide ideation (SI) and suicidal attempts (SA) among adults with and without MDE; and to examine whether the association between MDE, SI, and SA changes after adjusting for age, education, and marital status as confounding factors while keeping race-sex as a constant variable. To reach this goal, data from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health were extracted and analyzed, producing 42,551 records. Study results show that among adults with MDE, adults
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric Co-Morbidities in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Detailed Findings from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey in the English Population
This study investigated the frequency of PTSD in relation to comorbidities by analyzing the results of the 2007 ‘Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey’ in the English population, which included data on comorbidities. A population study conducted in the United Kingdom, this survey investigated the frequency of PTSD in the community and the relationship to comorbidities by adopting a random design to minimize selection bias, stratified by region and socioeconomic characteristics, and weighted according to design and non-response. The survey interviewed 7403 adults living in private households. Socio-demographic char...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Preliminary Study of Adjunctive Nonconvulsive Electrotherapy for Treatment-Refractory Depression
AbstractNonconvulsive electrotherapy (NET) defined as electrical brain stimulation administered like standard electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), but below seizure threshold, could be effective for patients with treatment-refractory depression (TRD) with fewer adverse neurocognitive outcomes. However, there is a lack of studies in Chinese patients with TRD. Thus, this study was conducted to examine the efficacy and safety of adjunctive NET for Chinese patients with TRD. Twenty TRD patients were enrolled and underwent six NET treatments. Depressive symptoms, response, and remission were assessed with the 17-item Hamilton Depre...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Second Generation Antipsychotics Monotherapy as Maintenance Treatment for Bipolar Disorder: a Systematic Review of Long-Term Studies
This study is aimed towards a systematic review of their efficacy when used as monotherapy in order to prevent relapses in the long term treatment. Publications about this subject were identified after a thorough bibliographic research in Medline, The Cochrane Library and Web of Science, employing the PICO method for the creation of a database search strategy and carrying out a critical read and analysis of the found evidence. 14 studies were found which informed about the results of randomized and controlled clinical trials (RCT) about the efficacy of these SGA in monotherapy for BD, when it comes to prevention of relapse...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Relative Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Anxiety and Depression in Degenerative Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Lesion Patients - a Casecontrol Study
AbstractTriangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) lesions are a common cause of ulnar wrist pain. Data, including mental status assessment, were prospectively collected from patients who underwent arthroscopy. The HADS was used to assess the prevalence of depression and anxiety. Patients with degenerative TFCC lesions were at an increased risk of anxiety and depression. Early screening for anxiety and depression in degenerative TFCC lesions patients should be recommended. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Symptoms of Internet Gaming Disorder, Inattention, and Impulsivity: a Cross-Sectional Study Conducted in the United Arab Emirates
AbstractThe addictive use of internet video games is now recognized as a valid diagnostic construct by both the World Health Organization and the American Psychiatric Association. A burgeoning body of preliminary evidence points to a relationship between attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms as being a risk factor for behaviors indicative of internet gaming disorder (IGD), however, studies have rarely examined ADHD ’s two diagnostic constructs, inattention and impulsivity, separately. Moreover, IGD research is non-existent in Middle Eastern contexts. Therefore, this study examined, separately, ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental Health During the Covid-19 Outbreak in China: a Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: Owing to the significant heterogeneity detected in studies regarding this pooled prevalence of anxiety and depression, we must interpret the results with caution. As the epidemic is ongoing, it is vital to set up a comprehensive crisis prevention system, which integrating epidemiological monitoring, screening and psychological crisis prevention and interventions. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders and Depression in Cardiac Rehabilitation Patients in an Academic Hospital: a Case Study
This study was undertaken as part of a business case to implement a new cardiac rehabilitation programme in an academic hospital of Eastern Ontario and illustrate to the managers and decision-makers, the important factors to consider and to target when developing a stepped-care program for patients in cardiac rehabilitation in order to prevent psychological distress and how such a program was relevant to their institution. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Development and Initial Testing of an mHealth Transitions of Care Intervention for Adults with Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders Immediately Following a Psychiatric Hospitalization
This study demonstrates the feasibility and acceptability of MACS, a new app-based intervention targeting transitions of care for patients with psychosis. The field is turning to the use of mobile technology as a means of augmenting service delivery and providing real-time assessment and intervention for patients at risk. MACS is a promising adjunctive intervention that warrants further testing in a randomized controlled trial. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Personality and Sleep Evaluation of Patients with Tinnitus in Japan
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between tinnitus severity, personality, and sleep disorders, in patients with chronic tinnitus in Japan. We retrospectively evaluated the personality factors of 56 patients presenting with tinnitus using the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), which examines five personality characteristics, including Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness. We evaluated tinnitus severity, sleep disorders, depression, and anxiety using the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Self-Rating Depression Scale, and State-Trait Anxiety I...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Schizophrenia Related Hospitalizations – a Big Data Analysis of a National Hospitalization Database
AbstractSchizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by long hospitalizations and frequent need for chronic/acute psychiatric care. Hospitalizations represent a valuable quality of care indicator in schizophrenia patients. The aim of this study was to describe a nationwide perspective of schizophrenia related hospitalizations. We performed a retrospective observational study using a nationwide hospitalization database containing all hospitalizations registered in Portuguese public hospitals from 2008 to 2015. Hospitalizations with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia were selected based on the definition by CCS –...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Adjustment Disorder – the Different Contribution of Daily Stressors and Traumatic Events and the Mediating Role of Psychological Well-Being.
AbstractThe definition of adjustment disorder (AjD) was recently revised by the 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases. Thus far, only two studies explored stressors associated with symptoms of AjD according to the new definition, revealing that there might be a difference in associations with daily stressors compared to traumatic events. The present study aims at examining the associations of AjD with both types of stressors as well as the mediating role of psychological well-being that was previously suggested as a buffer against mental illness. Four hundred and 19 participants completed questionnai...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Absconding from Public Mental Health Inpatient Units – Who Does it, and why?
This study has implications for the identification of those who are at greater risk of absconding from an inpatient unit. Through enhanced understanding, greater measures can be taken to minimise absconding and its associated risks. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Prevalence and Associated Factors of Suicidal Attempt Among Medical Students in Addis Ababa Ethiopia
In this study, the prevalence of suicidal attempt among medical students was found to be 8.2% (95% CI 5.7, 11.4%). In the adjusted model, the variables associated with suicidal attempt were female sex, history of chronic medical illness, excessive course load, psychological distress, poor social support, and daily internet use for more than 3  h. In the present study, the prevalence of suicide attempts was relatively high (8.2%). Early screening is necessary to identify suicidal attempt and the potential determining factors to prevent death as well as adverse educational outcomes during the medical education program. ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychological Functioning of Slovene Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Does Resilience Matter?
AbstractAs a public health emergency, a pandemic increases susceptibility to unfavourable psychological outcomes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the buffering role of personal resilience in two aspects of psychological functioning, mental health and stress, among Slovene adults at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak. Within five days after Slovenia declared epidemics, 2722 participants (75% female) completed an on-line survey measuring mental health and perceived stress as outcome variables and demographics, health-related variables, and personal resilience as predictor variables. Hierarchical logistic ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Poor Insight in Schizophrenia Patients in China: a Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies
AbstractPoor insight exists in all phases of schizophrenia and is associated with poor clinical prognosis and adverse psychosocial functioning. This is a meta-analysis examining the prevalence of poor insight and its correlates in Chinese patients with schizophrenia. Both major international (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science) and Chinese (WANFANG and CNKI) databases were systematically searched. The pooled prevalence of poor insight was calculated using the random-effects model. A total of 19 studies with 3112 schizophrenia patients were included. The prevalence of poor insight was 43.4% (95%CI: 36.0% –51...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Assessment of Psychosocial Functioning in a Large Cohort of Patients with Schizophrenia
ConclusionsThe findings on psychosocial functioning of patients with schizophrenia related to severity and skill level could be confirmed. Further findings were the correlation between psychosocial functioning and quality of life, well-being under treatment, and sexuality what emphasizes the substantial importance of a reduced psychosocial functioning. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adaptation and Psychometric Properties in Spanish of the Herth Hope Index in People Who have Attempted Suicide
AbstractSuicide is a major global public health problem. The most predictive behavior of completed suicide is prior suicide attempt. However, studies focused on risk factors have to date proved unsuccessful in reducing death by suicide rates. To adapt a hope assessment tool to a Spanish clinical population having carried out a suicide attempt, to evaluate whether hope modulates the resilience level following discharge from the emergency department. The sample comprised 682 people (62.4% female) aged between 18 and 77  years (M = 39; SD = 19.1) with previous suicide attempts who were adminis...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Addressing the Stigma Surrounding Serious Mental Illness in Adolescents: a Brief Intervention
AbstractStigma in mental illness is a problem fueled by misrepresentation by the media and the assimilation of parent opinion, noted in those as young as six years old. Intervening in adolescence is critical given juxtaposition of increased judgement/fear of judgement and the onset of serious mental illness. This paper details the efforts of an intervention designed to specifically target the perception of dangerousness, social distancing, and use of stigmatizing language. A total of 124 high school freshman participated in the interactive presentation delivered over the course of a typical 40  min class period. An id...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An Exploration of Illness Narratives of Mothers with Maternal Depression in Semi-Urban Areas
This study explores the pre-diagnosis perceptions and experiences of semi-urban women regarding maternal depression and the issues in the follow-up of its treatment. Using the patient ’s end of Kleinman’s Explanatory Model of Illness, it documents the whole episode of maternal depression in women. The main focus group of this study includes the women diagnosed with maternal depression and registered in the health facilities of Rawalpindi. Research was conducted in one primary health facility i.e. rural health centre of Khayaban e Sir Syed and one secondary health facility i.e. the Tehsil Headquarter Hospital of...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Galectin-1 and Galectin-3 Levels in Patients with Schizophrenia and their Unaffected Siblings
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The name of the 5th author was incorrectly listed as Çiğdem Yüksel, when it is actually Çiğdem Yücel. The correct information is as shown above. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Problematic Internet Use, Psychopathology, Defense Mechanisms, and Coping Strategies: a Cross-Sectional Study from the United Arab Emirates
AbstractA number of studies point to a demonstrated relationship between problematic Internet use (PIU) and psychopathological variables. However, explorations of PIU in relation to defense mechanisms and coping strategies remain rare. The present study sought to determine the extent of PIU among a sample of college-aged young adults resident in the United Arab Emirates. The relationship of PIU to two psychopathological variables (depression and low self-esteem) and two psychological variables (defense mechanisms and coping strategies) were examined. A sample of 697 Emirati participants aged between 18 and 33  years o...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patterns of Vitamin D Deficiency in a Community Outpatient Psychiatric Practice: a Real-World Evaluation of Treatment Gaps
AbstractVitamin D is traditionally recognized for its role in bone mineralization but recent observations suggest additional pertinent functions in neuronal biology. The present study examines the rate and pattern of Vitamin D deficiency in the outpatient mental health clinic of a community teaching hospital as well as the vitamin D supplementation practices of outpatient psychiatrists. Participants include 148 consecutive psychiatric outpatients. Individuals with conditions that alter the metabolism of vitamin D were excluded from the study as are those who may be taking medications that influence Vitamin D metabolism. St...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Moderating Role of Gender in the Relationship between Big Five Personality Traits and Smartphone Addiction
This study contributed to cyberpsychology literature by identifying moderating role of gender in the relationship between personality traits and smartphone addiction. A multi-group SEM analysis was employed to investigate the relationship between five factor personality traits (i.e. Big Five) and smartphone addiction among men and women. Big-Five-Inventory (BFI) and Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) were used to collect data from 320 undergraduate students. The results suggested a positively significant relationship between neuroticism (emotional imbalance) and smartphone addiction for women only. Whereas, conscientiou...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Assaultive Staff Action Program (ASAP): Thirty Year Program Analysis
AbstractThe Assaulted Staff Action Program (ASAP) is a voluntary, system-wide, peer-help, crisis intervention program to address the psychological sequellae in staff victims of patient assaults. Its functions and service provisions have been reported in previous five-year intervals. ASAP has been associated with providing quality counseling services to employee victims of these patient assaults as well as declines in assaults facility-wide in some agencies after an ASAP team was fielded. The present paper presents a summary of both its most recent five-year interval (2015 –2020) and an overview of its 30 years o...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Expanding Use of Nurse Home Visiting for Community Psychiatric Care in Japan
AbstractIn Japan, Community-based integrated care systems are being built in response to a super-aged society and policies of de-institutionalization. In this paper, we present findings and discussion of our review about Japanese psychiatric home visit nursing services provided by Home Visit Nursing Stations (HVNS). We have examined documents, investigated the implementation rate and summarized findings of the surveys of home visiting services from 2006 to 2016. The number of users of psychiatric home visiting services during 2007 to 2015 increased from 13,532 to 52,203. From 2013 to 2015 there was a large increase in user...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Poor Oral Health in Patients with Schizophrenia: a Meta-Analysis of Case-Control Studies
AbstractPatients with schizophrenia have high rates of comorbid physical illness, but there has been less attention to dental diseases in these patients. This meta-analysis of case-control studies systematically examined the oral health in patients with schizophrenia. Case-control studies comparing the oral health in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls were screened and identified. Standardized mean difference (SMD) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using RevMan version 5.3. Three case-control studies comprising 306 patients with schizophrenia and 306 healthy controls were included in this m...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depressive Symptoms and the Occurrence of Stressors Events in a Probabilistic Sample of Pregnant Women
AbstractThe aim of the study is to verify the association between GAD, the severity of depressive symptoms and stressors in pregnant women between the first and second trimester. Cross-sectional study, part of a cohort that followed 980 women during the gestational period of a city in southern Brazil. We performed bivariate analysis using the t-test and chi-square. The variables that presentedp ≤ 0.20 were taken for multivariate analysis, through logistic regression, in order to control possible confounding factors. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus was used to evaluate GAD, the severi...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Dermatology: a Systematic Review
AbstractBody Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric diagnosis of an impairing condition in which the patient is preoccupied with a slight or perceived defect in their appearance. BDD patients have a higher rate of psychiatric comorbidities than the background population which include obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), depression, anxiety and suicide. It causes distress and affects the patient ’s quality of life. It is previously found that the prevalence of patients that suffers from BDD is higher among dermatology patients than in the background population. To create an overview of the original literature that...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Are Certain Health Centers Better Patient-Centered Medical Homes for People with Severe Mental Illness?
AbstractPatient-centered medical homes based at federally-qualified health centers (FQHCs) can benefit patients with complex health needs, such as severe mental illness (SMI). However, little is known about FQHC characteristics associated with changes in health care expenditures and utilization for individuals with SMI. Using North Carolina Medicaid claims and FQHC data from the Uniform Data System, multivariate regression identified FQHC characteristics associated with total expenditures, medication adherence and emergency department utilization among adults with SMI, controlling for time-invariant differences by health c...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Review of School-Based Interventions to Reduce Stigma towards Schizophrenia
AbstractSchizophrenia is among the most stigmatized mental illness. Adolescence may be a critical time to intervene, before stigmatizing attitudes have been solidified. As such, schools may be in a unique position to provide anti-stigma interventions to a large number of students. The aim of this paper was to review and critically analyze the most recent (2003-present) school-based schizophrenia stigma interventions, with seven studies identified. Studies were analyzed according to their intervention method, outcome measures, and experimental design. Substantial heterogeneity between studies precluded concrete conclusions ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research