Relative Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Anxiety and Depression in Degenerative Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Lesion Patients - a Casecontrol Study
AbstractTriangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) lesions are a common cause of ulnar wrist pain. Data, including mental status assessment, were prospectively collected from patients who underwent arthroscopy. The HADS was used to assess the prevalence of depression and anxiety. Patients with degenerative TFCC lesions were at an increased risk of anxiety and depression. Early screening for anxiety and depression in degenerative TFCC lesions patients should be recommended. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Symptoms of Internet Gaming Disorder, Inattention, and Impulsivity: a Cross-Sectional Study Conducted in the United Arab Emirates
AbstractThe addictive use of internet video games is now recognized as a valid diagnostic construct by both the World Health Organization and the American Psychiatric Association. A burgeoning body of preliminary evidence points to a relationship between attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms as being a risk factor for behaviors indicative of internet gaming disorder (IGD), however, studies have rarely examined ADHD ’s two diagnostic constructs, inattention and impulsivity, separately. Moreover, IGD research is non-existent in Middle Eastern contexts. Therefore, this study examined, separately, ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental Health During the Covid-19 Outbreak in China: a Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: Owing to the significant heterogeneity detected in studies regarding this pooled prevalence of anxiety and depression, we must interpret the results with caution. As the epidemic is ongoing, it is vital to set up a comprehensive crisis prevention system, which integrating epidemiological monitoring, screening and psychological crisis prevention and interventions. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders and Depression in Cardiac Rehabilitation Patients in an Academic Hospital: a Case Study
This study was undertaken as part of a business case to implement a new cardiac rehabilitation programme in an academic hospital of Eastern Ontario and illustrate to the managers and decision-makers, the important factors to consider and to target when developing a stepped-care program for patients in cardiac rehabilitation in order to prevent psychological distress and how such a program was relevant to their institution. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Development and Initial Testing of an mHealth Transitions of Care Intervention for Adults with Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders Immediately Following a Psychiatric Hospitalization
This study demonstrates the feasibility and acceptability of MACS, a new app-based intervention targeting transitions of care for patients with psychosis. The field is turning to the use of mobile technology as a means of augmenting service delivery and providing real-time assessment and intervention for patients at risk. MACS is a promising adjunctive intervention that warrants further testing in a randomized controlled trial. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Personality and Sleep Evaluation of Patients with Tinnitus in Japan
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between tinnitus severity, personality, and sleep disorders, in patients with chronic tinnitus in Japan. We retrospectively evaluated the personality factors of 56 patients presenting with tinnitus using the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), which examines five personality characteristics, including Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness. We evaluated tinnitus severity, sleep disorders, depression, and anxiety using the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Self-Rating Depression Scale, and State-Trait Anxiety I...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Schizophrenia Related Hospitalizations – a Big Data Analysis of a National Hospitalization Database
AbstractSchizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by long hospitalizations and frequent need for chronic/acute psychiatric care. Hospitalizations represent a valuable quality of care indicator in schizophrenia patients. The aim of this study was to describe a nationwide perspective of schizophrenia related hospitalizations. We performed a retrospective observational study using a nationwide hospitalization database containing all hospitalizations registered in Portuguese public hospitals from 2008 to 2015. Hospitalizations with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia were selected based on the definition by CCS –...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Adjustment Disorder – the Different Contribution of Daily Stressors and Traumatic Events and the Mediating Role of Psychological Well-Being.
AbstractThe definition of adjustment disorder (AjD) was recently revised by the 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases. Thus far, only two studies explored stressors associated with symptoms of AjD according to the new definition, revealing that there might be a difference in associations with daily stressors compared to traumatic events. The present study aims at examining the associations of AjD with both types of stressors as well as the mediating role of psychological well-being that was previously suggested as a buffer against mental illness. Four hundred and 19 participants completed questionnai...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Absconding from Public Mental Health Inpatient Units – Who Does it, and why?
This study has implications for the identification of those who are at greater risk of absconding from an inpatient unit. Through enhanced understanding, greater measures can be taken to minimise absconding and its associated risks. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Prevalence and Associated Factors of Suicidal Attempt Among Medical Students in Addis Ababa Ethiopia
In this study, the prevalence of suicidal attempt among medical students was found to be 8.2% (95% CI 5.7, 11.4%). In the adjusted model, the variables associated with suicidal attempt were female sex, history of chronic medical illness, excessive course load, psychological distress, poor social support, and daily internet use for more than 3  h. In the present study, the prevalence of suicide attempts was relatively high (8.2%). Early screening is necessary to identify suicidal attempt and the potential determining factors to prevent death as well as adverse educational outcomes during the medical education program. ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychological Functioning of Slovene Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Does Resilience Matter?
AbstractAs a public health emergency, a pandemic increases susceptibility to unfavourable psychological outcomes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the buffering role of personal resilience in two aspects of psychological functioning, mental health and stress, among Slovene adults at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak. Within five days after Slovenia declared epidemics, 2722 participants (75% female) completed an on-line survey measuring mental health and perceived stress as outcome variables and demographics, health-related variables, and personal resilience as predictor variables. Hierarchical logistic ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Poor Insight in Schizophrenia Patients in China: a Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies
AbstractPoor insight exists in all phases of schizophrenia and is associated with poor clinical prognosis and adverse psychosocial functioning. This is a meta-analysis examining the prevalence of poor insight and its correlates in Chinese patients with schizophrenia. Both major international (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science) and Chinese (WANFANG and CNKI) databases were systematically searched. The pooled prevalence of poor insight was calculated using the random-effects model. A total of 19 studies with 3112 schizophrenia patients were included. The prevalence of poor insight was 43.4% (95%CI: 36.0% –51...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Assessment of Psychosocial Functioning in a Large Cohort of Patients with Schizophrenia
ConclusionsThe findings on psychosocial functioning of patients with schizophrenia related to severity and skill level could be confirmed. Further findings were the correlation between psychosocial functioning and quality of life, well-being under treatment, and sexuality what emphasizes the substantial importance of a reduced psychosocial functioning. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adaptation and Psychometric Properties in Spanish of the Herth Hope Index in People Who have Attempted Suicide
AbstractSuicide is a major global public health problem. The most predictive behavior of completed suicide is prior suicide attempt. However, studies focused on risk factors have to date proved unsuccessful in reducing death by suicide rates. To adapt a hope assessment tool to a Spanish clinical population having carried out a suicide attempt, to evaluate whether hope modulates the resilience level following discharge from the emergency department. The sample comprised 682 people (62.4% female) aged between 18 and 77  years (M = 39; SD = 19.1) with previous suicide attempts who were adminis...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Addressing the Stigma Surrounding Serious Mental Illness in Adolescents: a Brief Intervention
AbstractStigma in mental illness is a problem fueled by misrepresentation by the media and the assimilation of parent opinion, noted in those as young as six years old. Intervening in adolescence is critical given juxtaposition of increased judgement/fear of judgement and the onset of serious mental illness. This paper details the efforts of an intervention designed to specifically target the perception of dangerousness, social distancing, and use of stigmatizing language. A total of 124 high school freshman participated in the interactive presentation delivered over the course of a typical 40  min class period. An id...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An Exploration of Illness Narratives of Mothers with Maternal Depression in Semi-Urban Areas
This study explores the pre-diagnosis perceptions and experiences of semi-urban women regarding maternal depression and the issues in the follow-up of its treatment. Using the patient ’s end of Kleinman’s Explanatory Model of Illness, it documents the whole episode of maternal depression in women. The main focus group of this study includes the women diagnosed with maternal depression and registered in the health facilities of Rawalpindi. Research was conducted in one primary health facility i.e. rural health centre of Khayaban e Sir Syed and one secondary health facility i.e. the Tehsil Headquarter Hospital of...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Correction to: Galectin-1 and Galectin-3 Levels in Patients with Schizophrenia and their Unaffected Siblings
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The name of the 5th author was incorrectly listed as Çiğdem Yüksel, when it is actually Çiğdem Yücel. The correct information is as shown above. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Problematic Internet Use, Psychopathology, Defense Mechanisms, and Coping Strategies: a Cross-Sectional Study from the United Arab Emirates
AbstractA number of studies point to a demonstrated relationship between problematic Internet use (PIU) and psychopathological variables. However, explorations of PIU in relation to defense mechanisms and coping strategies remain rare. The present study sought to determine the extent of PIU among a sample of college-aged young adults resident in the United Arab Emirates. The relationship of PIU to two psychopathological variables (depression and low self-esteem) and two psychological variables (defense mechanisms and coping strategies) were examined. A sample of 697 Emirati participants aged between 18 and 33  years o...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patterns of Vitamin D Deficiency in a Community Outpatient Psychiatric Practice: a Real-World Evaluation of Treatment Gaps
AbstractVitamin D is traditionally recognized for its role in bone mineralization but recent observations suggest additional pertinent functions in neuronal biology. The present study examines the rate and pattern of Vitamin D deficiency in the outpatient mental health clinic of a community teaching hospital as well as the vitamin D supplementation practices of outpatient psychiatrists. Participants include 148 consecutive psychiatric outpatients. Individuals with conditions that alter the metabolism of vitamin D were excluded from the study as are those who may be taking medications that influence Vitamin D metabolism. St...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Moderating Role of Gender in the Relationship between Big Five Personality Traits and Smartphone Addiction
This study contributed to cyberpsychology literature by identifying moderating role of gender in the relationship between personality traits and smartphone addiction. A multi-group SEM analysis was employed to investigate the relationship between five factor personality traits (i.e. Big Five) and smartphone addiction among men and women. Big-Five-Inventory (BFI) and Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) were used to collect data from 320 undergraduate students. The results suggested a positively significant relationship between neuroticism (emotional imbalance) and smartphone addiction for women only. Whereas, conscientiou...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Assaultive Staff Action Program (ASAP): Thirty Year Program Analysis
AbstractThe Assaulted Staff Action Program (ASAP) is a voluntary, system-wide, peer-help, crisis intervention program to address the psychological sequellae in staff victims of patient assaults. Its functions and service provisions have been reported in previous five-year intervals. ASAP has been associated with providing quality counseling services to employee victims of these patient assaults as well as declines in assaults facility-wide in some agencies after an ASAP team was fielded. The present paper presents a summary of both its most recent five-year interval (2015 –2020) and an overview of its 30 years o...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Expanding Use of Nurse Home Visiting for Community Psychiatric Care in Japan
AbstractIn Japan, Community-based integrated care systems are being built in response to a super-aged society and policies of de-institutionalization. In this paper, we present findings and discussion of our review about Japanese psychiatric home visit nursing services provided by Home Visit Nursing Stations (HVNS). We have examined documents, investigated the implementation rate and summarized findings of the surveys of home visiting services from 2006 to 2016. The number of users of psychiatric home visiting services during 2007 to 2015 increased from 13,532 to 52,203. From 2013 to 2015 there was a large increase in user...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Poor Oral Health in Patients with Schizophrenia: a Meta-Analysis of Case-Control Studies
AbstractPatients with schizophrenia have high rates of comorbid physical illness, but there has been less attention to dental diseases in these patients. This meta-analysis of case-control studies systematically examined the oral health in patients with schizophrenia. Case-control studies comparing the oral health in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls were screened and identified. Standardized mean difference (SMD) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using RevMan version 5.3. Three case-control studies comprising 306 patients with schizophrenia and 306 healthy controls were included in this m...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Depressive Symptoms and the Occurrence of Stressors Events in a Probabilistic Sample of Pregnant Women
AbstractThe aim of the study is to verify the association between GAD, the severity of depressive symptoms and stressors in pregnant women between the first and second trimester. Cross-sectional study, part of a cohort that followed 980 women during the gestational period of a city in southern Brazil. We performed bivariate analysis using the t-test and chi-square. The variables that presentedp ≤ 0.20 were taken for multivariate analysis, through logistic regression, in order to control possible confounding factors. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus was used to evaluate GAD, the severi...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Dermatology: a Systematic Review
AbstractBody Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric diagnosis of an impairing condition in which the patient is preoccupied with a slight or perceived defect in their appearance. BDD patients have a higher rate of psychiatric comorbidities than the background population which include obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), depression, anxiety and suicide. It causes distress and affects the patient ’s quality of life. It is previously found that the prevalence of patients that suffers from BDD is higher among dermatology patients than in the background population. To create an overview of the original literature that...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Are Certain Health Centers Better Patient-Centered Medical Homes for People with Severe Mental Illness?
AbstractPatient-centered medical homes based at federally-qualified health centers (FQHCs) can benefit patients with complex health needs, such as severe mental illness (SMI). However, little is known about FQHC characteristics associated with changes in health care expenditures and utilization for individuals with SMI. Using North Carolina Medicaid claims and FQHC data from the Uniform Data System, multivariate regression identified FQHC characteristics associated with total expenditures, medication adherence and emergency department utilization among adults with SMI, controlling for time-invariant differences by health c...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Review of School-Based Interventions to Reduce Stigma towards Schizophrenia
AbstractSchizophrenia is among the most stigmatized mental illness. Adolescence may be a critical time to intervene, before stigmatizing attitudes have been solidified. As such, schools may be in a unique position to provide anti-stigma interventions to a large number of students. The aim of this paper was to review and critically analyze the most recent (2003-present) school-based schizophrenia stigma interventions, with seven studies identified. Studies were analyzed according to their intervention method, outcome measures, and experimental design. Substantial heterogeneity between studies precluded concrete conclusions ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Loneliness and its Association with Health Behaviors in People with a Lived Experience of a Serious Mental Illness
AbstractTo explore the association between loneliness and efficacy to engage in health behaviors that are known to reduce the risk of early mortality in people with serious mental illness (SMI). This secondary data analysis was based on a cross-sectional study of 113 participants with SMI residing in New Hampshire. Ordinary Least Squares regressions were used to examine bivariate relationships between variables of interest. Participants had a primary mental health diagnosis of major depressive disorder (37.2%), schizophrenia spectrum disorder (28.3%), bipolar disorder (29.2%), or posttraumatic stress disorder (5.3%). High ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mindfulness and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Severity in Urban African-American High School Students
AbstractObjectives: The aim of the current study was to examine the relations among mindfulness, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, and stressful life events (SLEs) in African-American urban adolescents. Another aim was to examine mindfulness as a moderator of the relation between SLEs and PTSD symptom severity in this population. Method: Eighty-eight African-American high school students from a low-income urban community completed measures of demographics, PTSD symptom severity, SLEs, and mindfulness. Results: Mindfulness was significantly negatively related to PTSD symptom severity,r(86) =&thin...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Variation in Criminogenic Risks by Mental Health Symptom Severity: Implications for Mental Health Services and Research
AbstractAlthough a growing body of literature has demonstrated that justice-involved people with mental illnesses have criminogenic risk factors at similar or elevated rates as compared to justice-involved people without mental illnesses, more information about how criminogenic risks vary by intensity of mental health symptoms is needed. This information is particularly important for probation agencies who supervise the vast majority of justice-involved individuals with mental illnesses and who are increasingly implementing specialty mental health supervision approaches. To this end, this study examines the relationship be...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Novel Approach to Depression Care: Efficacy of an Adapted Interpersonal Therapy in a Large, Urban Primary Care Setting
AbstractThe Collaborative Care Model (CoCM), in which social workers, primary care physicians, and a consulting psychiatrist work as a team, is an established approach to the treatment of common mental health conditions in primary care settings. Following implementation of a CoCM depression care program at our hospital-based academic primary care practice, we observed a low rate of retention with the use of problem solving therapy/behavioral activation (PST/BA). Our aim in this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), an evidence-based, flexible strategy that focuses on the relationship...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effect of Information-Motivation-Behavioral Model Based on Protection Motivation Theory on the Psychological Resilience and Quality of Life of Patients with Type 2 DM
AbstractDiabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the remarkable disease challenges in the twenty-first century and poses threat to patients ’ physical health. Given the difficulty of treatment and the high possibility of relapse, patients often have mental illness. A total of 117 patients with type 2 DM were randomly divided into two groups for a 2-month intervention. The intervention group underwent an Information-Motivation-Behavior al skills (IMB) intervention program based on protection motivation theory, and traditional intervention was applied to the control group. No significant difference is found between the interve...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Hungarian Psychiatrists ’ Recognition, Knowledge, and Treatment of Catatonia
AbstractDSM-5 introduced a number of modifications to the catatonic syndrome, which is now closer to Kahlbaum ’s original concept. The aim of the present study was to assess residents’ and qualified psychiatrists’ knowledge, experience and views about the treatment of catatonia in acute psychiatric care in Budapest, Hungary. Authors approached all psychiatric units that provide acute psychiatric care (N = 11) in Budapest and invited all psychiatrists and residents, who consented, to participate in the survey, completing a 13 items questionnaire. Ninety-eight fully qualified and trainee psych...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder during Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
AbstractThe main aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to calculate and compare the frequencies of obsessions and compulsions in women with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during pregnancy (OCD-P), the postpartum period (OCD-PP) and when they are neither pregnant nor postpartum (OCD-NPP). Fourteen studies were selected after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The meta-analysis showed that aggressive obsessions were much more common in OCD-PP than in OCD-P and OCD-NPP and that washing/cleaning compulsions were less frequent in OCD-PP than in OCD-P and OCD-NPP. These differences were significant...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive Impairment Among Tunisian Bipolar Patients: a Case-Control Study
AbstractStudies exploring the cognitive performance of bipolar patients have mainly been conducted in Western countries. To our knowledge, no surveys have been reported to date in Tunisia. The present work aimed to evaluate the cognitive functions, in the three domains of memory, attention and executive functions, among a sample of Tunisian individuals with bipolar disorder, during the remission period, compared to healthy control subjects. We found that Cognitive functions in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder were significantly more impaired than in controls, apart from the working memory that did not show a signifi...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Analysis of Consultation Demand in a Mental Health Centre during the Recent Economic Recession
AbstractThe economic recession that recently affected most European countries has led to a worsening of the mental health situation in the general population and an associated rise in outpatient psychiatric care. The aim of this study was to analyse the socio-demographic, clinical and assistential features of the demand for specialist mental health attention. A descriptive and analytical study was conducted in the period 2011 –2015 (N = 1252). The principal relations among variables were analysed by an χ2 test, followed by a Z test with Bonferroni ’s correction. For a global perspective a Mult...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Development of a Practice Tool for Primary Care Providers: Medication Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
AbstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are highly prevalent in veterans who served in Iraq [Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn] and Afghanistan [Operation Enduring Freedom]. Complicated psychotropic medications are used for treatment of PTSD and comorbid mTBI symptoms lead to polypharmacy related complications. Primary care providers (PCPs) working in Community Based Outpatient Clinics (CBOCs) are usually burdened with the responsibility of managing this complicated medication regimen or relevant side effects. The PCPs do not feel equipped to provide this compli...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antipsychotic Polypharmacy and High-Dose Antipsychotics in Involuntary Patients: a Seven-Year Audit of Discharge Prescriptions in an Acute Care Unit
AbstractAntipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) is a psychopharmacological practice in which two or more antipsychotics are prescribed simultaneously. Despite  the absence of evidence to support it, it is highly prevalent in clinical settings. Another recurrent practice strongly associated with APP is the prescription of high-dose antipsychotics (HDAs). Compulsory treatment is a legal means to impose treatment on an individual suffering from mental illne ss who refuses therapeutic intervention. Compulsory treatment has been associated with APP and HDAs and rates of both have been proposed to represent indicators of the quali...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pre-operative Anxiety in Pediatric Surgery Patients: Multiple Case Study Analysis with Literature Review
AbstractPre-operative anxiety affects millions of pediatric surgery patients each year and can have both short and long-term adverse effects in the post-operative period. As a result, it is particularly important for healthcare providers and others involved in the child ’s care, such as the parents, to be aware of interventions that can be used to reduce the onset of pre-operative anxiety and, thus, the likelihood of negative post-operative changes. The purpose of this paper is to familiarize the reader with the issue of pre-operative anxiety through a review of the literature and analysis of case studies. First, the...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Effect of Community-Based Mental Health Rehabilitation Services for Schizophrenia: a Retrospective Cohort Study
In this study we aimed to assess the effectiveness of rehabilitation services in Israel by assessing the impact of utilization of rehabilitation services on hospitalization rates among a cohort of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. Data derived from the Clalit Health Services were crossed with the Ministry of Health rehabilitation and psychiatric hospitalization case registries. Patients utilizing rehabilitation services were assessed for rates and durations of hospitalizations before and after the utilization of the rehabilitation services, and were compared to patients who did not use these services (n =&thins...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Insomnia Disorder Increases the Risk of Mortality: Pooled Analysis of Annual Cumulative Time-to-Event Data
AbstractThe association of mortality risk and insomnia disorder with daytime impairments has been plausible. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the strength of evidence for this relationship. We performed a comprehensive literature search for clinical Cohort trials including annual cumulative time-to-event data that evaluated the risk of mortality in insomnia disorder patients with daytime impairments. We used pooled hazard ratio (HR) as the main outcome measure and Kaplan-Meier survive curve to display outcome measures. The weighted cumulative mortality of 4.5% for patients with insomnia disorder was higher than th...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence, Comorbidity and Predictor of Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents
This study is a cross-sectional analytical study implemented in all provinces of Iran. The instrument used in this study is the Persian version of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version(K-SADA-PL) questionnaire. The total number of participants was 29,699. The overall prevalence of SAD was 5.3%. The comorbidity rate of 65.3% was found between SAD and other psychiatric disorders. Specific phobia and oppositional defiant disorder had the highest comorbidity with this disorder in the studied population. The more prevalence of separation anxiety disorder in the age range of 6...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

What do we Know about Bullying in Syrian Adolescent Refugees? A Cross Sectional Study from Turkey
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the bullying status of Syrian adolescent refugees in Turkey and identify factors that contribute to bullying. The adolescents aged between 12 and 16  years and who live in Kilis as a Syrian refugee assessed between the dates 01.01.2019–01.01.2020. Currently, 119 children and adolescents were enrolled in the study. Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (present and life time version – K-SADS-PL) was applied by a specialis t of child and adolescent psychiatry. The Sociodemographic Data Form, The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Epidemiology and Determinants of Self-Injury Among High School Students in Iran: a Longitudinal Study
This study was conducted at high school students aged 14 –18 years old in the metropolitan city of Tabriz, located in north western Iran. Data were collected from 6229 10th-grade students at two time-points, with 12 months interval in October and November 2017 and 2018. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on demographic, NSSI and cigarette and hookah smoking from the study participants. The results showed that lifetime prevalence of NSSI among students was 6.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.7 to 6.9) at the first assessment. Scratching and hair pulling were the most and leas...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Internalized Stigma among Bedouin and Jews with Mental Illness: Comparing Self-Esteem, Hope, and Quality of Life
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess the differences in internalized-stigma, self-esteem, hope, and quality of life in individuals with mental illness from two diverse cultures (Bedouins and Jews) and to examine the relationships between self-stigma and self-esteem, hope, and quality of life in participants from both cultures. Two hundred participants with mental illness in Israel were assessed on the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale. The Arab Bedouin participants tended to internalize stigma to a greater extent than the Jewish participants. Overall, there was a significant negative correlation bet...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Homeless People
AbstractPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among homeless people and is associated with an increased risk of mortality from suicide, medical causes, and drug-related problems. However, there are no previous systematic review and meta-analysis studies that reported the consolidated magnitude of PTSD among homeless people. A literature search was conducted on PubMed, Embase, and Scopus to discover pertinent studies that determined the prevalence of PTSD among the homeless. Articles were evaluated by titles, abstracts, and full-text. Comprehensive meta-analysis software was used to conduct the meta-analysis. Subg...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Digital Interventions for PTSD Symptoms in the General Population: a Review
AbstractThere has been a significant development of digital interventions for the treatment of Post-Traumatic Symptom Disorder (PTSD) over the past two decades. However, the majority of research has examined their clinical efficacy for military service members and veteran populations whereas community-based trauma survivors have received significantly less attention. Their effectiveness for this population, therefore, remains unclear. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of digitally delivered psychological therapies to alleviate PTSD symptomatology in the general population. Findings showed that digita...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Translation of the Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Self-Report Scale into an African Language: An Exploratory Study
Conclusion: Suitability of the original instrument for Xhosa translation was problematic and further investigation into appropriate cross-cultural translation techniques is needed to improve ASRS translation properties and assess its Xhosa translation. Development of a suitable Xhosa version of the ASRS is considered to be an important step towards broadening the scope of ADHD research in South Africa. (Source: Psychiatric Quarterly)
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Factors and Medication Administration Factors Affecting Re – Hospitalization in Patients with Schizophrenia – Spectrum Disorders
AbstractSchizophrenia – spectrum disorders have been shown to have large economic costs for the society due to hospitalizations. Long Acting Injections (LAIs) have been shown to promote adherence and reduce hospitalizations. However, socio-demographic and environmental variables have been shown to be associated with re lapses. The present study attempted to explore relationships between rehospitalisation and such variables by analysing data from the Attitudes Study. Our findings validate previous literature on LAIs showing a larger effect of route of drug administration on hospitalizations. However, our study also hi...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attitudes Associated with Hypochondria and Abnormal Behavior Towards Illness in Health Science Students
The objective of this study was to evaluate attitudes towards the disease and its association with the presence of hypochondria in students of the health sciences area. The research was developed in 279 students in the health science area, with the application of Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI) test and the Illness Attitude Scale (IAS) test was performed, and the descriptive, comparative and association statistical analyses were carried out. All students answered the previously mention surveys. Values above Cut-off ≥27 were obtained in the SHAI test was 6.8% (n = 19), and the percentage of students w...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - May 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research