Editorial
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):477-478. doi: 10.12740/PP/140082. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTno summary.PMID:34460875 | DOI:10.12740/PP/140082 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dominika Dudek Jerzy A Soba ński Katarzyna Klasa Source Type: research

Etiopathogenesis of bipolar affective disorder - the state of the art for 2021
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):481-496. doi: 10.12740/PP/132961. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTThe contemporary clinical idea of bipolar affective disorder (BD) has been shaped as an aftermath of Emil Kraepelin's thought named "manisch-depressives Irresein", put forward in 1899, with essential modifications during the last half-century. Acurrent paradigm for the etiopathogenesis of BD postulates the emergence of the illness as a result of an interaction between genetic and epigenetic factors with environmental influences.The most important for the molecular genetics of BD were the analyses of so-called candidate gen...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Janusz Rybakowski Source Type: research

The occurrence of anxiety disorders among Poles during the COVID-19 pandemic
CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic significantly affected the mental condition of Poles, resulting in increased anxiety, fear and concerns regarding the future. 71% of the respondents showed different degrees of anxiety severity, and 44% of them scored at least 10 points in the GAD-7 scale, which indicates the presence of signs of Generalized Anxiety. There is a great need to provide Poles with mental support during the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:34460877 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/126230 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mateusz Babicki Agnieszka Mastalerz-Migas Source Type: research

Type 1 Diabetes and COVID-19: the level of anxiety, stress and the general mental health in comparison to healthy control
CONCLUSIONS: In a situation of stress such as a epidemic, patients suffering from T1DM require optimization of treatment and cooperation of specialists in the field of diabetes and psychology / psychiatry.PMID:34460878 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/133356 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katarzyna Cyranka Bart łomiej Matejko Tomasz Klupa Maciej Ma łecki Katarzyna Cyganek Beata Kie ć-Wilk Dominika Dudek Source Type: research

Relationship of metabolic parameters with the course of the first episode of psychosis - preliminary research
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study indicate a relationship between the development and treatment of the first acute episode of psychosis and the results of laboratory tests that are indicators of the development of metabolic stress in patients.PMID:34460879 | DOI:10.12740/PP/119021 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Natalia Śmierciak Wirginia Krzy ściak Marta Szwajca Amira Bryll Tadeusz Popiela Paulina Karcz Maciej Wojciech Pilecki Source Type: research

Improvement in clinical symptoms in patients with the first episode of psychosis is associated with a decrease in systemic nitric oxide availability. A pilot study
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that adverse metabolic response, systemic inflammation and a fall in systemic NO bioavailability represent early systemic manifestations of FEP that are not controlled by short-term anti-psychotic treatment and may pose cardiovascular risk.PMID:34460880 | DOI:10.12740/PP/131531 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Natalia Śmierciak Wirginia Krzy ściak Marta Szwajca Ewa Szcz ęsny-Malysiak Agnieszka Kij Stefan Ch łopicki Maciej Pilecki Source Type: research

Use of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) in the treatment of drug-resistant depression - a pilot study, presentation of five clinical cases
CONCLUSIONS: In 2 cases substantial improvement of mental state was observed (significant improvement in scoring scales, improvement of mood and drive, decrease of anxiety). 3 patients resigned from the study because of difficulties in handling devices.PMID:34460881 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/115191 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mateusz Kaczmarczyk Anna Antosik-W ójcińska Monika Dominiak Łukasz Święcicki Source Type: research

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in treatment of psychiatric disorders - review of current studies
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):565-583. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/115556. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTCurrent progress of basic and clinical science creates background for new therapeutic appliances of brain stimulation methods in disorders of central nervous system. This review describes present state of knowledge regarding practical aspects of one of those methods - transcranial magnetic stimulation, TMS. The review was based on contemporary literature on use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in various diseases, particularly including present recommendations and guidelines as well as systematic reviews, published a...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tomasz Wieczorek Agnieszka Koby łko Filip Stramecki Karolina Fila-Witecka Jan Besz łej Marta Jakubczyk Patryk Piotrowski Adrianna Senczyszyn Damian Siwicki Dorota Szcze śniak Joanna Rymaszewska Source Type: research

Admission of a minor to a psychiatric hospital under Polish law. Part I
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):585-598. doi: 10.12740/PP/127885. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTWithin the scope of mental health protection, numerous practical problems arise concerning the issue of providing health services to a minor. Admission of a minor to a psychiatric hospital is associated in practice with numerous doubts. This part of the article describes the conditions of admission to hospital with the consent of the patient. It distinguishes and accurately describes situations where a minor is under or over 16 years of age. In addition, it explains situations where there is a contradiction of declarations of will b...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ma łgorzata Manowska Piotr Ga łecki Source Type: research

Admission of a minor to a psychiatric hospital under Polish law. Part II
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):599-605. doi: 10.12740/PP/127886. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTThe prevalence of mental disorders among minors is steadily increasing in our country as well as in Europe. Contact of a minor with a psychiatric health service, and especially the admission of such a person to a psychiatric hospital as a matter of urgency, however, raises a lot of legal and medical controversy. Urgent admission allows the consent of both the minor and his legal guardian to be bypassed. The article deals with legal issues related to the direct threat to life of minors for psychiatric reasons, and also presents the c...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ma łgorzata Manowska Piotr Ga łecki Source Type: research

Electromyographic activity analysis of temporal and masseter muscles in psychoactive substance addicts
CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of the conducted research, a conclusion can be drawn that alcohol addiction significantly affects the function of the largest muscles of the stomatognathic system.PMID:34460885 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/110478 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adam Aleksander Nowicki Karolina Korwin-Piotrowska Krzysztof Wo źniak Liliana Szyszka-Sommerfeld Katarzyna Nowicka Katarzyna Grocholewicz Ewa Sobolewska Source Type: research

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease mimicking Lewy body dementia - a case report
We present a case of a 66-year-old patient initially suspected of Lewy body dementia. On admission, psychomotor retardation, dysarthria, upper extremities dysmetria, extrapyramidal tension in the upper limbs, lower extremities ataxia, slow gait and unstable Romberg test were present. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score was 24/30. On neuropsychological assessment early stage of dementia was diagnosed. Anxiety-depressive symptoms were observed with periodic visual-auditory components. After less than 3 weeks there was a deterioration of neurological state. Dysarthria and lower limbs ataxia were increased, ataxia of th...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marta Nesteruk Tomasz Nesteruk Marzena U łamek-Kozioł Anna Holak-Puczy ńska Ma łgorzata Dorobek Source Type: research

The scientific path of Jakub Frostig in the light of his correspondence with the leading representatives of world psychiatry - from psychoanalysis and phenomenological approach to biological psychiatry. Part 1. Towards psychoanalysis and phenomenological approach
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):629-641. doi: 10.12740/PP/115487. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTJakub Frostig (1896-1959) was one of the most active Polish psychiatrists of the interwar period, with broad scientific interests, maintaining close scientific contacts with the leading specialists of world psychiatry, from the German -and English-language areas. This aspect of his activity is presented in the two-part publication based on new sources, which have never been used before, especially on the correspondence with Ludwig Binswanger (1881-1966), Max Müller (1894-1980) and Adolf Meyer (1866-1955), spanning several years...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Filip Marcinowski Tadeusz Nasierowski Source Type: research

The scientific path of Jakub Frostig in the light of his correspondence with the leading representatives of world psychiatry - from psychoanalysis and phenomenological approach to biological psychiatry. Part 2. Towards biological psychiatry
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):643-657. doi: 10.12740/PP/119862. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTIn the second part of the article devoted to Jakub Frostig (1896-1959), his research from the 1930s on insulin coma treatment is presented in a broader context. Frostig began his research in the psychiatric hospital Zofiówka in Otwock and continued after his emigration to the United States. Thanks to new sources, we managed to determine the reasons underlying Frostig's departure from Poland. At the end of the 1930s, the issue of emigration became a necessity for him, saving his life and his family. Frostig was well aware of t...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Filip Marcinowski Tadeusz Nasierowski Source Type: research

The role of factors associated with the course of pregnancy and childbirth in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):659-673. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/110686. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: Assessment of the prevalence of risk factors associated with the course of pregnancy and childbirth and the condition of the child after birth in agroup of children and adolescents with ADHD and a control group.METHODS: 205 unrelated children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD and 106 primary and secondary school students aged 7-17. Method. Mothers of children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD, and those from the control group, were asked to provide a medical history in order to obtain data to supplement t...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: El żbieta Lipińska Agnieszka S łopień Natalia Pytli ńska Rados ław Słopień Tomasz Wola ńczyk Anita Bry ńska Source Type: research

Parental stress and indifference and the parent's withdrawal from the relationship with their child: a structural approach
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the variables described in the model, it is possible to predict at a good level the degree of parental withdrawal from the relationship with their child. Parental indifference is associated with the child's lower performance in the development of emotional and social competences, as well as school readiness.PMID:34460890 | DOI:10.12740/PP/115967 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Agnieszka Szyma ńska El żbieta Aranowska Source Type: research

Recommendations of the Polish Sexological Society on medical care in transgender adults - position statement of the expert panel
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):701-708. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/125785. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTAttempts at unifying the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for transgender individuals experiencing gender dysphoria were first undertaken in Poland in the 1980s. Since then, there has been a change in the perception of transgenderism, almost paradigmatic, expressed in subsequent editions of the diagnostic systems (DSM, ICD), which is also associated with the fundamental changes in the principles of conducting trans-specific healthcare. This triggered the need to formulate recommendations for specialists practicing i...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bartosz Grabski Dominik Racho ń Wies ław Czernikiewicz Stanis ław Dulko S ławomir Jakima Łukasz Muldenr-Nieckowski Ma łgorzata Trofimiuk-Muldner Dorota Baran Marta Dora Grzegorz Iniewicz Magdalena Mijas Sylwia Stankiewicz Milena Adamczewska-Stachura Source Type: research

Editorial
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):477-478. doi: 10.12740/PP/140082. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTno summary.PMID:34460875 | DOI:10.12740/PP/140082 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dominika Dudek Jerzy A Soba ński Katarzyna Klasa Source Type: research

Etiopathogenesis of bipolar affective disorder - the state of the art for 2021
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):481-496. doi: 10.12740/PP/132961. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTThe contemporary clinical idea of bipolar affective disorder (BD) has been shaped as an aftermath of Emil Kraepelin's thought named "manisch-depressives Irresein", put forward in 1899, with essential modifications during the last half-century. Acurrent paradigm for the etiopathogenesis of BD postulates the emergence of the illness as a result of an interaction between genetic and epigenetic factors with environmental influences.The most important for the molecular genetics of BD were the analyses of so-called candidate gen...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Janusz Rybakowski Source Type: research

The occurrence of anxiety disorders among Poles during the COVID-19 pandemic
CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic significantly affected the mental condition of Poles, resulting in increased anxiety, fear and concerns regarding the future. 71% of the respondents showed different degrees of anxiety severity, and 44% of them scored at least 10 points in the GAD-7 scale, which indicates the presence of signs of Generalized Anxiety. There is a great need to provide Poles with mental support during the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:34460877 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/126230 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mateusz Babicki Agnieszka Mastalerz-Migas Source Type: research

Type 1 Diabetes and COVID-19: the level of anxiety, stress and the general mental health in comparison to healthy control
CONCLUSIONS: In a situation of stress such as a epidemic, patients suffering from T1DM require optimization of treatment and cooperation of specialists in the field of diabetes and psychology / psychiatry.PMID:34460878 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/133356 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katarzyna Cyranka Bart łomiej Matejko Tomasz Klupa Maciej Ma łecki Katarzyna Cyganek Beata Kie ć-Wilk Dominika Dudek Source Type: research

Relationship of metabolic parameters with the course of the first episode of psychosis - preliminary research
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study indicate a relationship between the development and treatment of the first acute episode of psychosis and the results of laboratory tests that are indicators of the development of metabolic stress in patients.PMID:34460879 | DOI:10.12740/PP/119021 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Natalia Śmierciak Wirginia Krzy ściak Marta Szwajca Amira Bryll Tadeusz Popiela Paulina Karcz Maciej Wojciech Pilecki Source Type: research

Improvement in clinical symptoms in patients with the first episode of psychosis is associated with a decrease in systemic nitric oxide availability. A pilot study
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that adverse metabolic response, systemic inflammation and a fall in systemic NO bioavailability represent early systemic manifestations of FEP that are not controlled by short-term anti-psychotic treatment and may pose cardiovascular risk.PMID:34460880 | DOI:10.12740/PP/131531 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Natalia Śmierciak Wirginia Krzy ściak Marta Szwajca Ewa Szcz ęsny-Malysiak Agnieszka Kij Stefan Ch łopicki Maciej Pilecki Source Type: research

Use of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) in the treatment of drug-resistant depression - a pilot study, presentation of five clinical cases
CONCLUSIONS: In 2 cases substantial improvement of mental state was observed (significant improvement in scoring scales, improvement of mood and drive, decrease of anxiety). 3 patients resigned from the study because of difficulties in handling devices.PMID:34460881 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/115191 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mateusz Kaczmarczyk Anna Antosik-W ójcińska Monika Dominiak Łukasz Święcicki Source Type: research

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in treatment of psychiatric disorders - review of current studies
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):565-583. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/115556. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTCurrent progress of basic and clinical science creates background for new therapeutic appliances of brain stimulation methods in disorders of central nervous system. This review describes present state of knowledge regarding practical aspects of one of those methods - transcranial magnetic stimulation, TMS. The review was based on contemporary literature on use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in various diseases, particularly including present recommendations and guidelines as well as systematic reviews, published a...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tomasz Wieczorek Agnieszka Koby łko Filip Stramecki Karolina Fila-Witecka Jan Besz łej Marta Jakubczyk Patryk Piotrowski Adrianna Senczyszyn Damian Siwicki Dorota Szcze śniak Joanna Rymaszewska Source Type: research

Admission of a minor to a psychiatric hospital under Polish law. Part I
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):585-598. doi: 10.12740/PP/127885. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTWithin the scope of mental health protection, numerous practical problems arise concerning the issue of providing health services to a minor. Admission of a minor to a psychiatric hospital is associated in practice with numerous doubts. This part of the article describes the conditions of admission to hospital with the consent of the patient. It distinguishes and accurately describes situations where a minor is under or over 16 years of age. In addition, it explains situations where there is a contradiction of declarations of will b...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ma łgorzata Manowska Piotr Ga łecki Source Type: research

Admission of a minor to a psychiatric hospital under Polish law. Part II
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):599-605. doi: 10.12740/PP/127886. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTThe prevalence of mental disorders among minors is steadily increasing in our country as well as in Europe. Contact of a minor with a psychiatric health service, and especially the admission of such a person to a psychiatric hospital as a matter of urgency, however, raises a lot of legal and medical controversy. Urgent admission allows the consent of both the minor and his legal guardian to be bypassed. The article deals with legal issues related to the direct threat to life of minors for psychiatric reasons, and also presents the c...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ma łgorzata Manowska Piotr Ga łecki Source Type: research

Electromyographic activity analysis of temporal and masseter muscles in psychoactive substance addicts
CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of the conducted research, a conclusion can be drawn that alcohol addiction significantly affects the function of the largest muscles of the stomatognathic system.PMID:34460885 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/110478 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adam Aleksander Nowicki Karolina Korwin-Piotrowska Krzysztof Wo źniak Liliana Szyszka-Sommerfeld Katarzyna Nowicka Katarzyna Grocholewicz Ewa Sobolewska Source Type: research

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease mimicking Lewy body dementia - a case report
We present a case of a 66-year-old patient initially suspected of Lewy body dementia. On admission, psychomotor retardation, dysarthria, upper extremities dysmetria, extrapyramidal tension in the upper limbs, lower extremities ataxia, slow gait and unstable Romberg test were present. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score was 24/30. On neuropsychological assessment early stage of dementia was diagnosed. Anxiety-depressive symptoms were observed with periodic visual-auditory components. After less than 3 weeks there was a deterioration of neurological state. Dysarthria and lower limbs ataxia were increased, ataxia of th...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marta Nesteruk Tomasz Nesteruk Marzena U łamek-Kozioł Anna Holak-Puczy ńska Ma łgorzata Dorobek Source Type: research

The scientific path of Jakub Frostig in the light of his correspondence with the leading representatives of world psychiatry - from psychoanalysis and phenomenological approach to biological psychiatry. Part 1. Towards psychoanalysis and phenomenological approach
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):629-641. doi: 10.12740/PP/115487. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTJakub Frostig (1896-1959) was one of the most active Polish psychiatrists of the interwar period, with broad scientific interests, maintaining close scientific contacts with the leading specialists of world psychiatry, from the German -and English-language areas. This aspect of his activity is presented in the two-part publication based on new sources, which have never been used before, especially on the correspondence with Ludwig Binswanger (1881-1966), Max Müller (1894-1980) and Adolf Meyer (1866-1955), spanning several years...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Filip Marcinowski Tadeusz Nasierowski Source Type: research

The scientific path of Jakub Frostig in the light of his correspondence with the leading representatives of world psychiatry - from psychoanalysis and phenomenological approach to biological psychiatry. Part 2. Towards biological psychiatry
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):643-657. doi: 10.12740/PP/119862. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTIn the second part of the article devoted to Jakub Frostig (1896-1959), his research from the 1930s on insulin coma treatment is presented in a broader context. Frostig began his research in the psychiatric hospital Zofiówka in Otwock and continued after his emigration to the United States. Thanks to new sources, we managed to determine the reasons underlying Frostig's departure from Poland. At the end of the 1930s, the issue of emigration became a necessity for him, saving his life and his family. Frostig was well aware of t...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Filip Marcinowski Tadeusz Nasierowski Source Type: research

The role of factors associated with the course of pregnancy and childbirth in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):659-673. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/110686. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: Assessment of the prevalence of risk factors associated with the course of pregnancy and childbirth and the condition of the child after birth in agroup of children and adolescents with ADHD and a control group.METHODS: 205 unrelated children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD and 106 primary and secondary school students aged 7-17. Method. Mothers of children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD, and those from the control group, were asked to provide a medical history in order to obtain data to supplement t...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: El żbieta Lipińska Agnieszka S łopień Natalia Pytli ńska Rados ław Słopień Tomasz Wola ńczyk Anita Bry ńska Source Type: research

Parental stress and indifference and the parent's withdrawal from the relationship with their child: a structural approach
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the variables described in the model, it is possible to predict at a good level the degree of parental withdrawal from the relationship with their child. Parental indifference is associated with the child's lower performance in the development of emotional and social competences, as well as school readiness.PMID:34460890 | DOI:10.12740/PP/115967 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Agnieszka Szyma ńska El żbieta Aranowska Source Type: research

Recommendations of the Polish Sexological Society on medical care in transgender adults - position statement of the expert panel
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):701-708. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/125785. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTAttempts at unifying the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for transgender individuals experiencing gender dysphoria were first undertaken in Poland in the 1980s. Since then, there has been a change in the perception of transgenderism, almost paradigmatic, expressed in subsequent editions of the diagnostic systems (DSM, ICD), which is also associated with the fundamental changes in the principles of conducting trans-specific healthcare. This triggered the need to formulate recommendations for specialists practicing i...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bartosz Grabski Dominik Racho ń Wies ław Czernikiewicz Stanis ław Dulko S ławomir Jakima Łukasz Muldenr-Nieckowski Ma łgorzata Trofimiuk-Muldner Dorota Baran Marta Dora Grzegorz Iniewicz Magdalena Mijas Sylwia Stankiewicz Milena Adamczewska-Stachura Source Type: research

Editorial
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):477-478. doi: 10.12740/PP/140082. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTno summary.PMID:34460875 | DOI:10.12740/PP/140082 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dominika Dudek Jerzy A Soba ński Katarzyna Klasa Source Type: research

Etiopathogenesis of bipolar affective disorder - the state of the art for 2021
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):481-496. doi: 10.12740/PP/132961. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTThe contemporary clinical idea of bipolar affective disorder (BD) has been shaped as an aftermath of Emil Kraepelin's thought named "manisch-depressives Irresein", put forward in 1899, with essential modifications during the last half-century. Acurrent paradigm for the etiopathogenesis of BD postulates the emergence of the illness as a result of an interaction between genetic and epigenetic factors with environmental influences.The most important for the molecular genetics of BD were the analyses of so-called candidate gen...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Janusz Rybakowski Source Type: research

The occurrence of anxiety disorders among Poles during the COVID-19 pandemic
CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic significantly affected the mental condition of Poles, resulting in increased anxiety, fear and concerns regarding the future. 71% of the respondents showed different degrees of anxiety severity, and 44% of them scored at least 10 points in the GAD-7 scale, which indicates the presence of signs of Generalized Anxiety. There is a great need to provide Poles with mental support during the COVID-19 pandemic.PMID:34460877 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/126230 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mateusz Babicki Agnieszka Mastalerz-Migas Source Type: research

Type 1 Diabetes and COVID-19: the level of anxiety, stress and the general mental health in comparison to healthy control
CONCLUSIONS: In a situation of stress such as a epidemic, patients suffering from T1DM require optimization of treatment and cooperation of specialists in the field of diabetes and psychology / psychiatry.PMID:34460878 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/133356 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katarzyna Cyranka Bart łomiej Matejko Tomasz Klupa Maciej Ma łecki Katarzyna Cyganek Beata Kie ć-Wilk Dominika Dudek Source Type: research

Relationship of metabolic parameters with the course of the first episode of psychosis - preliminary research
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study indicate a relationship between the development and treatment of the first acute episode of psychosis and the results of laboratory tests that are indicators of the development of metabolic stress in patients.PMID:34460879 | DOI:10.12740/PP/119021 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Natalia Śmierciak Wirginia Krzy ściak Marta Szwajca Amira Bryll Tadeusz Popiela Paulina Karcz Maciej Wojciech Pilecki Source Type: research

Improvement in clinical symptoms in patients with the first episode of psychosis is associated with a decrease in systemic nitric oxide availability. A pilot study
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that adverse metabolic response, systemic inflammation and a fall in systemic NO bioavailability represent early systemic manifestations of FEP that are not controlled by short-term anti-psychotic treatment and may pose cardiovascular risk.PMID:34460880 | DOI:10.12740/PP/131531 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Natalia Śmierciak Wirginia Krzy ściak Marta Szwajca Ewa Szcz ęsny-Malysiak Agnieszka Kij Stefan Ch łopicki Maciej Pilecki Source Type: research

Use of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) in the treatment of drug-resistant depression - a pilot study, presentation of five clinical cases
CONCLUSIONS: In 2 cases substantial improvement of mental state was observed (significant improvement in scoring scales, improvement of mood and drive, decrease of anxiety). 3 patients resigned from the study because of difficulties in handling devices.PMID:34460881 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/115191 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mateusz Kaczmarczyk Anna Antosik-W ójcińska Monika Dominiak Łukasz Święcicki Source Type: research

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in treatment of psychiatric disorders - review of current studies
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):565-583. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/115556. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTCurrent progress of basic and clinical science creates background for new therapeutic appliances of brain stimulation methods in disorders of central nervous system. This review describes present state of knowledge regarding practical aspects of one of those methods - transcranial magnetic stimulation, TMS. The review was based on contemporary literature on use of transcranial magnetic stimulation in various diseases, particularly including present recommendations and guidelines as well as systematic reviews, published a...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tomasz Wieczorek Agnieszka Koby łko Filip Stramecki Karolina Fila-Witecka Jan Besz łej Marta Jakubczyk Patryk Piotrowski Adrianna Senczyszyn Damian Siwicki Dorota Szcze śniak Joanna Rymaszewska Source Type: research

Admission of a minor to a psychiatric hospital under Polish law. Part I
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):585-598. doi: 10.12740/PP/127885. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTWithin the scope of mental health protection, numerous practical problems arise concerning the issue of providing health services to a minor. Admission of a minor to a psychiatric hospital is associated in practice with numerous doubts. This part of the article describes the conditions of admission to hospital with the consent of the patient. It distinguishes and accurately describes situations where a minor is under or over 16 years of age. In addition, it explains situations where there is a contradiction of declarations of will b...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ma łgorzata Manowska Piotr Ga łecki Source Type: research

Admission of a minor to a psychiatric hospital under Polish law. Part II
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):599-605. doi: 10.12740/PP/127886. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTThe prevalence of mental disorders among minors is steadily increasing in our country as well as in Europe. Contact of a minor with a psychiatric health service, and especially the admission of such a person to a psychiatric hospital as a matter of urgency, however, raises a lot of legal and medical controversy. Urgent admission allows the consent of both the minor and his legal guardian to be bypassed. The article deals with legal issues related to the direct threat to life of minors for psychiatric reasons, and also presents the c...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ma łgorzata Manowska Piotr Ga łecki Source Type: research

Electromyographic activity analysis of temporal and masseter muscles in psychoactive substance addicts
CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of the conducted research, a conclusion can be drawn that alcohol addiction significantly affects the function of the largest muscles of the stomatognathic system.PMID:34460885 | DOI:10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/110478 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adam Aleksander Nowicki Karolina Korwin-Piotrowska Krzysztof Wo źniak Liliana Szyszka-Sommerfeld Katarzyna Nowicka Katarzyna Grocholewicz Ewa Sobolewska Source Type: research

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease mimicking Lewy body dementia - a case report
We present a case of a 66-year-old patient initially suspected of Lewy body dementia. On admission, psychomotor retardation, dysarthria, upper extremities dysmetria, extrapyramidal tension in the upper limbs, lower extremities ataxia, slow gait and unstable Romberg test were present. Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score was 24/30. On neuropsychological assessment early stage of dementia was diagnosed. Anxiety-depressive symptoms were observed with periodic visual-auditory components. After less than 3 weeks there was a deterioration of neurological state. Dysarthria and lower limbs ataxia were increased, ataxia of th...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marta Nesteruk Tomasz Nesteruk Marzena U łamek-Kozioł Anna Holak-Puczy ńska Ma łgorzata Dorobek Source Type: research

The scientific path of Jakub Frostig in the light of his correspondence with the leading representatives of world psychiatry - from psychoanalysis and phenomenological approach to biological psychiatry. Part 1. Towards psychoanalysis and phenomenological approach
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):629-641. doi: 10.12740/PP/115487. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTJakub Frostig (1896-1959) was one of the most active Polish psychiatrists of the interwar period, with broad scientific interests, maintaining close scientific contacts with the leading specialists of world psychiatry, from the German -and English-language areas. This aspect of his activity is presented in the two-part publication based on new sources, which have never been used before, especially on the correspondence with Ludwig Binswanger (1881-1966), Max Müller (1894-1980) and Adolf Meyer (1866-1955), spanning several years...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Filip Marcinowski Tadeusz Nasierowski Source Type: research

The scientific path of Jakub Frostig in the light of his correspondence with the leading representatives of world psychiatry - from psychoanalysis and phenomenological approach to biological psychiatry. Part 2. Towards biological psychiatry
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):643-657. doi: 10.12740/PP/119862. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTIn the second part of the article devoted to Jakub Frostig (1896-1959), his research from the 1930s on insulin coma treatment is presented in a broader context. Frostig began his research in the psychiatric hospital Zofiówka in Otwock and continued after his emigration to the United States. Thanks to new sources, we managed to determine the reasons underlying Frostig's departure from Poland. At the end of the 1930s, the issue of emigration became a necessity for him, saving his life and his family. Frostig was well aware of t...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Filip Marcinowski Tadeusz Nasierowski Source Type: research

The role of factors associated with the course of pregnancy and childbirth in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Psychiatr Pol. 2021 Jun 30;55(3):659-673. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/110686. Epub 2021 Jun 30.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: Assessment of the prevalence of risk factors associated with the course of pregnancy and childbirth and the condition of the child after birth in agroup of children and adolescents with ADHD and a control group.METHODS: 205 unrelated children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD and 106 primary and secondary school students aged 7-17. Method. Mothers of children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD, and those from the control group, were asked to provide a medical history in order to obtain data to supplement t...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: El żbieta Lipińska Agnieszka S łopień Natalia Pytli ńska Rados ław Słopień Tomasz Wola ńczyk Anita Bry ńska Source Type: research

Parental stress and indifference and the parent's withdrawal from the relationship with their child: a structural approach
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the variables described in the model, it is possible to predict at a good level the degree of parental withdrawal from the relationship with their child. Parental indifference is associated with the child's lower performance in the development of emotional and social competences, as well as school readiness.PMID:34460890 | DOI:10.12740/PP/115967 (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Agnieszka Szyma ńska El żbieta Aranowska Source Type: research