Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 31008461 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Measurement of pathological personality traits according to the DSM-5: A Polish adaptation of the PID-5. Part I - theoretical foundations.
Authors: Rowiński T, Kowalska-Dąbrowska M, Strus W, Cieciuch J, Czuma I, Żechowski C, Markon KE, Krueger RF Abstract The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) proposes a novel hybrid system of personality disorder diagnosis in addition to the one pre-viously laid down in the DSM-IV-TR. This alternative diagnostic system, published within Section III of the DSM-5, was hoped to overcome the inherent limitations of categorical diagnosis by integrating the categorical and dimensional approaches to personality disorders. As such, it constitutes a bridge between psychiatri...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Measurement of pathological personality traits according to the DSM-5: A Polish adaptation of the PID-5. Part II - empirical results.
CONCLUSIONS: Obtained data demonstrate the PID-5 to be a satisfactory operationalization of the pathological personality trait model, and at the same time corroborate the scientific value of the DSM-5 model itself. PMID: 31008463 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Cyberchondria and its measurement. The Polish adaptation and psychometric properties of the Cyberchondria Severity Scale CSS-PL.
CONCLUSIONS: The CSS-PL is an initial standardized version of an instrument for measuring cyberchondria and meets the psychometric criteria of reliability and validity for psychological testing tools. The CSS-PL may be used both in diagnostic and scientific research. PMID: 31008464 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Cognitive functions in Internet addiction - a review.
Authors: Cudo A, Zabielska-Mendyk E Abstract The Internet, being generally available, is used by all age groups for professional purposes and also as a form of education and entertainment. It is, however, possible to use the Internet excessively, resulting in an addiction. Internet addiction can be classified as one of the so-called 'behavioral addictions', and until recently it has rarely been addressed in scientific publications. It is therefore important to differentiate between normal and pathological Internet use. This paper presents data on the incidence of Internet addiction and reviews the relevant theoreti...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Differences in subjective quality of life of people with a schizophrenia diagnosis between participants in Occupational Therapy Workshops and those working in a Sheltered Employment Establishment.
CONCLUSIONS: For people with schizophrenia obtaining and retaining employment in a VDC translates into better outcomes in important areas of quality of life such as family relationships, overall health, and self-esteem. Poorer QoL was associated with the severity of symptoms, in particular depressive symptoms. People employed in the VDC benefited to a greater extent from autonomous control of symptoms, while among the OTW group an important role was played by others. PMID: 31008466 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Strengths in patients with schizophrenia and healthy people - similarities and differences.
CONCLUSIONS: People with schizophrenia are different from those in the control group in terms of 15 strengths. They are also less satisfied with their lives. Experiencing life satisfaction of people with schizophrenia is associated with a complex configuration of strengths. PMID: 31008467 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Sense and need for power in schizophrenic patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The results may be used in the therapy of patients suffering from schizophrenia - during the analysis of therapy efficiency or therapeutic relations. Consecutive research should explore issues linked with the dependency between the sense of power, the course of the illness and prognosis. PMID: 31008468 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Errorless Learning as a method of neuropsychological rehabilitation of individuals suffering from dementia in the course of Alzheimer's disease.
Authors: Śmigórska A, Śmigórski K, Rymaszewska J Abstract The following article discusses the possibility of applying a rehabilitation strategy known as Errorless Learning (EL) in patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD). The authors present the issue in the context of the knowledge on the effectiveness of administering neuropsychological interventions in patients with AD. The history of the EL method development is presented as well as techniques used in its domain. The novelty of the EL methodological approach is shown. It is emphasized that EL, in contrast with the majority of neuropsycho...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Self-assessment of executive function and lateralization of brain pathology: What does the DEX-S profile show?
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that mechanisms of sense of executive deficits depend on lateralization of pathology. The higher sense of executive deficits in people with right hemisphere pathology may be due to the efficiency of delayed memory, and may reflect an adequate self-assessment of own competence. The low DEX-S result of the group with the left hemisphere pathology may result from reduced, despite the absence of aphasia, language /semantic skills and not from the lack of insight into executive deficits. PMID: 31008470 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The Occurrence of Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD) - Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: It seems that one should focus on searching risk factors outside the procedures, and that certain recommendations should be developed regarding perioperative proceedings which might be beneficial for patients at risk of the impairment of their cognitive functions after a surgical procedure. PMID: 31008471 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Hoarding disorder and cerebellum damage. A case study.
Authors: Sapota K, Nasierowski T Abstract Hoarding disorder is defined as an extensive collecting and difficulty in discarding objects and items perceived by others as not useful or having low value. As a consequence it leads to numerous problems which impact not only the patient but also his/her family and other people (e.g., residents of the same block of flats). The frequency of hoarding disorder in the United States and Europe is estimated as 2-6%. In the new classifications of psychiatric disorders (DSM-5 and ICD-11), hoarding disorder is classified as a separate disorder. The scientific research shows that ho...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Procedural and material aspects of the protection of the rights of a person subject to proceedings for legal incapacitation - Part I.
Authors: Manowska M, Gałecki P Abstract The aim and effect of the procedure for legal incapacitation is to ensure the widest possible social integration and the widest possible autonomy of the incapacitated person; the procedure should provide the disabled person with full procedural guarantees enabling him or her to have a fair hearing and to make an equitable decision, not only regarding the issue of incapacitation, but also on the revocation of the incapacitation or on a change in the type of incapacitation. In the first part of the paper, we presented the problem of legal incapacitation, answered questions abo...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Procedural and material aspects of the protection of the rights of a person subject to proceedings for legal incapacitation - Part II.
Authors: Manowska M, Gałecki P Abstract The aim and effect of the procedure for legal incapacitation is to ensure the widest possible social integration and the widest possible autonomy of the incapacitated person; the procedure should provide the disabled person with full procedural guarantees enabling him or her to have a fair hearing and to make an equitable decision, not only regarding the issue of incapacitation, but also on the revocation of the incapacitation or on a change in the type of incapacitation. In the first part of the paper, we presented the problem of legal incapacitation, answered questions abo...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Fear of imminent death - use of evidence in forensic-psychiatric expertise.
Authors: Cynkier P Abstract In accordance with the Polish civil law, there are at least several ways to dispose of property in the event of death. One of them is a special form of oral testament. The main issue to be determined by the court is to either confirm or deny the existence of fear of imminent death of the testator at the time of bequest. For this purpose, the court uses expert psychiatrists' opinions. The article presents a case of a man in the terminal phase of a malignant disease who used an oral form of bequest. Such cases are relatively rare and therefore the described case is intended to illustrate t...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

An open letter to the Readers of "Polish Psychiatry".
An open letter to the Readers of "Polish Psychiatry". Psychiatr Pol. 2019 Feb 28;53(1):203-207 Authors: Gierowski JK, Heitzman J Abstract no summary. PMID: 31008476 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Letter to Editor. Thromboembolic complications in psychiatry from the perspective of legal claims.
Authors: Skowronek R, Krzystanek M, Chudek J Abstract no summary. PMID: 31008477 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - April 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 30659558 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Increase in pharmacodynamic tolerance after repeated antidepressant trials in treatment-responsive bipolar I depressed subjects: An exploratory study.
This study examined the presence of increased pharmacodynamic tolerance with reduced effectiveness following repeated antidepressant trials over the course of the affective illness in subjects with treatment-responsive bipolar II depression. METHODS: Data were derived from the open-label phase of a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of long-term fluoxetine versus lithium monotherapy in 148 subjects>=18 years old with treatment-responsive bipolar II depression, who were initially administered open-label fluoxetine monotherapy for 12 weeks. Response was defined as>=50% reduction in baseline Hamilton ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Cariprazine - a novel antipsychotic drug and its place in the treatment of schizophrenia.
Authors: Misiak B, Bieńkowski P, Samochowiec J Abstract Although the development of second-generation antipsychotics was a cornerstone in the treatment of schizophrenia, several unmet treatment needs in the field still exist. It is particularly important to note that available antipsychotics have limited efficacy in the treatment of negative symptoms and cognitive impairment. At this point, it should be noted that primary negative symptoms, i.e., those that are not due to depression, extrapyramidal symptoms or psychotic withdrawal, might affect even one-fourth of patients with schizophrenia and are associated with...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Unwanted effects of psychotropic drug interactions with medicinal products and diet supplements containing plant extracts.
CONCLUSIONS: HP (especially ginseng, rhadiola rosea, ginkgo biloba, milk thistle) are associated with a significant risk of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions with psychotropic drugs. Because of the resulting complications and side effects, any decision to include a herbal supplement should be preceded by a detailed safety analysis with benefit and risk assessment. PMID: 30659561 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Sertraline - isolation methods and quantitation in biological material.
Authors: Dziurkowska E, Wesolowski M Abstract Sertraline (SRT) is a modern and relatively safe selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor often used in the treatment of depression. Monitoring the body levels of this drug and its active metabolite, N-desmethylsertraline (DSRT), permits optimizing the dosage and personalizing the treatment, especially in the case of severe adverse reactions or lack of response to the applied therapy. The determination of SRT and DSRT in diagnostic material, i.e., blood, plasma, urine and saliva, and also in biological material from deceased persons, requires a variety of sensitive and re...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Case-control study analysis of DRD2 gene polymorphisms in drug addicted patients.
CONCLUSIONS: In the presented study, one of selected polymorphisms of DRD2 gene, revealed to be correlated with substance use disorder (at the limit of statistical significance), which could suggest its impact on dependence endophenotype. The presented research was a pilot study, so it requires replication on a larger group of patients to verify and confirm obtained outcomes. PMID: 30659563 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Can microbiology affect psychiatry? A link between gut microbiota and psychiatric disorders.
Authors: Gulas E, Wysiadecki G, Strzelecki D, Gawlik-Kotelnicka O, Polguj M Abstract Every single human consists of thousands of genes, billions of neurons and trillions of bacteria. There is a rapidly growing number of data that links the gut microbiome to the development and functioning of the central nervous system, which is a currently proposed paradigm shift in neuroscience. Knowledge on the relationship between gut microbiota and mental disorders is constantly increasing. This phenomenon is known as "gut-brain axis". The strongest evidence for the role of microbes in the gut-brain axis comes from an...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Gender identity in schizophrenia.
Authors: Stusiński J, Lew-Starowicz M Abstract The aim of this paper is to present actual knowledge on how do people with schizophrenia experience themselves in the context of gender and how it affects their functioning. A review of the literature available in PubMed, PsycNET and Google Scholar was performed accordingly. Study of gender identity issues in schizophrenia should take into account both the personal and social dimensions of patients' functioning. The research on the core gender identity poses numerous difficulties and has not yet provided reliable conclusions. Some indications allow to assume higher th...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Gender dysphoria symptoms in schizophrenia.
Authors: Stusiński J, Lew-Starowicz M Abstract Gender dysphoria in individuals with schizophrenia may result from the delusionally changed gender identity or appear regardless of psychotic process. Distinguishing between these situations is not only a diagnostic challenge, but also affects the therapeutic decisionmaking. The review of the literature shows that different delusional beliefs regarding belonging to another gender, anatomy or changes within the genitals affect about one-fourth of patients with schizophrenia. Contemporary classifications of disorders are moving towards the elimination of psychotic disor...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Sexual preferences and associated disorders: toward an extended model for description.
Authors: Zielona-Jenek M Abstract The notion of human sexual preferences relates to relatively stable patterns of sexual response and to directing sexual behaviors toward specific arousing stimuli, which are also important for sexual satisfaction. The preferences may pertain to the properties of the object or the sexual activity itself. Diagnosing sexual preferences, in its basic form, is conducted with the use of disorder criteria defined in diagnostic classifications (ICD-10, DSM-5). However, while employing these criteria enables the categorization of the patient's sexual preferences as normal or pathological, t...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The character of sexual function of women who have sex with women.
Authors: Grabski B, Dora M, Iniewicz G, Mijas M, Müldner-Nieckowski Ł Abstract This paper will discuss the character of sexual relationships between women, considering their social and cultural context. The problem is still little known also to experts dealing with mental and sexual health. This may have serious consequences for the process of correct diagnosis of sexuality-related issues reported by those women. The article focuses on selected factors that have an impact on the character of this group's sexual function. Those factors include sex, heteronormativity and homophobia, as well as social messages r...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Depression symptoms, sexual satisfaction and satisfaction with a relationship in individuals with type 2 diabetes and sexual dysfunctions.
CONCLUSIONS: The higher the satisfaction with controlling sexual contacts in people with type 2 diabetes and high-intensity of depressive symptoms, the more satisfied they are with emotional and physical intimacy with a partner. People with low-intensity of depressive symptoms who assume their influence on sexual contacts with a partner to be low, are found to be more motivated to search for them. PMID: 30659569 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Location of lesions versus intensity of psychopathological symptoms in patients with skin diseases.
CONCLUSIONS: The most severe psychopathological symptoms were observed in the patients with skin lesions all over their bodies. The patients with lesions on visible body parts are characterized by a higher intensity of "interpersonal sensitivity" when compared to those with lesions on the covered body parts. The opposite trend was observed for the remaining SCL-90 variables. The obtained results can prompt further direction of research which takes into consideration the share of psychosocial factors in the functioning of dermatological patients. PMID: 30659570 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The links between posttraumatic stress, attachment patterns and quality of life in incarcerated and addicted women. The role of resilience.
CONCLUSIONS: The highest intensity of childhood traumatic experiences occurs in women who are both incarcerated and addicted. Traumatic childhood experiences are linked with both the symptoms of the posttraumatic stress and insecure attachment patterns. Resilience is an important protective factor which guards against psychopathological problems. PMID: 30659571 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Recommendations of the National Consultant in the field of Psychiatry on the granting of passes for temporary stay of psychiatric hospital patients outside hospital.
Authors: Gałecki P Abstract no summary. PMID: 30659572 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 30584812 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Is diet important in bipolar disorder?
Authors: Łojko D, Stelmach-Mardas M, Suwalska A Abstract In recent years it has been increasingly indicated that diet/nutrition is important in the pathogenesis, course and effectiveness of treatment of various mental disorders. Most of the research published so far has focused on the role of nutrition and nutrients in the development and treatment of depression. The results indicated a relationship between diet and risk of depression. Few studies have examined the relationship between diet and bipolar disorder (BD), although it can be assumed that some of the observations related to people with depression may be ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Morphological changes of the brain in mood disorders.
Authors: Wilczyńska K, Simonienko K, Konarzewska B, Szajda SD, Waszkiewicz N Abstract Brain morphological changes in affective disorders occur mainly in the fronto-limbic cortex, hippocampus and amygdala - the structures regulating emotional and cognitive functioning, as well as development of somatic symptoms in the course of disorders. The largest number of reports of structural changes in the cerebral cortex include the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the orbitofrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate cortex. The results of neuroimaging and sectional studies reveal changes in the volume of structures involved ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Mental rotation task in bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results are consistent with studies presenting visuospatial deficits in bipolar disorder. In this study we show for the first time that mental rotation deficits are present in euthymic state of BD patients. PMID: 30584815 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Can brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) be an indicator of effective rehabilitation interventions in schizophrenia?
Authors: Markiewicz R, Kozioł M, Olajossy M, Masiak J Abstract The increasing body of evidence implies that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is the most common neurotrophin in the nervous system, playing an important role as an effectiveness indicator for rehabilitation interventions in schizophrenia patients. Currently, with the modern laboratory and instrumental diagnostic methods it is possible to diagnose deficits influencing the level of patient's functioning and use them as a basis for establishing individual re-adaptation programs for schizophrenia patients considering various forms of the therapy i...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Nocturia has no impact on depression severity in patients suffering from depression but correlates with sleep quality.
CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis showed no impact of nocturia on illness severity in patients suffering from depression. However, we demonstrated correlation between nocturia and sleep quality in depressed individuals. Further studies with a larger number of patients are needed to validate the obtained results. PMID: 30584817 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Comparison of the effectiveness of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment 7.2 and the Mini-Mental State Examination in the detection of mild neurocognitive disorder in people over 60 years of age. Preliminary study.
CONCLUSIONS: The MoCA 7.2 detect mild NCD with greater sensitivity than the MMSE. In the case of this tool, we propose the use of 24/25 cut-off point which has a higher sensitivity than the recommended 25/26 cut-off point. The MoCA 7.2 therefore can be used by primary healthcare and in the geriatric practice as a screening tool in detecting early cognitive impairment. PMID: 30584818 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The relationship between surgical treatment (mastectomy vs. breast conserving treatment) and body acceptance, manifesting femininity and experiencing an intimate relation with a partner in breast cancer patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of breast cancer is significantly associated with the way patients experience their body, which is expressed in three dimensions of the body self in treated women. PMID: 30584819 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Psychosocial aspects of participation of the Polish Armed Forces in combat missions.
CONCLUSIONS: 1. A higher level of anxiety is observed in soldiers who had experienced lifethreatening situations during their missions. 2. Having children is a factor that increases the level of anxiety in veterans on missions abroad. 3. Regular contact with families left behind in the country is associated with a lower sense of fear in soldiers. PMID: 30584820 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Validity, reliability and factor analysis of the Polish version of the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory.
Authors: Rybojad B, Aftyka A Abstract OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of validity and reliability of the Polish version of the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI) and conducting factor analysis of the tool. METHODS: Cross-sectional study involved 100 employees of the Polish emergency medical system. They completed author's questionnaire, the Polish version of the Impact Event Scale-Revised and the 13-item PDI, validated in this study. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the entire scale, finally including 12 items, is 0.77. A three-factor structure of the tool has been demonstrated, explaining 60.04% of the...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Pathological jealousy from forensic psychiatric perspective.
Authors: Cynkier P Abstract Jealousy is defined as a complex mental state caused by a real or false - imaginary - change in a way of perception of a threat of terminating a valued partnership in favor of a real or imaginary rival. Apart from jealousy demonstrated by mentally disordered people, but without symptoms of mental illness and obsessive jealousy, there is also a psychotic jealousy. One of diagnostic difficulties is to determine when a normal jealousy about a partner acquires delusional nature and the boundary between these two can be difficult to detect, which often is a concern of forensic psychiatrists. ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Offenses motivated by erotic jealousy committed by mentally healthy people.
Authors: Cynkier PN Abstract Most often jealousy is treated as a complex mental phenomenon, which consists of changes in emotional state, in cognitive and behavioral spheres, caused by erotic infidelity of a partner or a feeling of insecurity caused by a rival. It is estimated that factors contributing to this are a combination of dynamic affiliative factors, personality traits as well as environmental and social factors. Jealousy can take a reactive, anxious or possessive forms. This paper aims to present multifactorial genesis of jealousy, which leads to aggressive behaviors, usually in a form of domestic violenc...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Elements of logic, rhetoric and eristic for expert witnesses giving oral opinions at court hearings.
Authors: Kosmowski W Abstract The aim of this article is to provide expert witnesses, especially psychiatrists, other physicians, as well as psychologists, with basic information on logic, rhetoric and eristic, useful in their professional practice. The reason is that these skills, undoubtedly belonging to the classical education, are not standard elements of teaching professionals in the fields mentioned above. Having the expert knowledge, ability to diagnose, to conduct a therapy and to prognosticate does not indicate the ability to conduct effective arguments. This work is based on Cardijin's method (See - Judge...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - December 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 30368531 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Possibilities and limitations of DSM-5 in improving the classification and diagnosis of mental disorders.
Authors: Möller HJ Abstract Twenty years after publication of the previous version, the new and completely revised version of the US diagnostic system of psychiatric disorders, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - DSM-5, was introduced in 2013. Over the course of its preparation, which took many years, current knowledge was summarized and the respective consequences for the classification and diagnosis of psychiatric disorders were discussed in groups of high-ranking experts. In many regards, DSM-5 does not fulfil the original plans and expectations; however, for the most part it can be ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in girls. Co-occurring psychopathology. Sex differences in clinical manifestation.
CONCLUSIONS: ASD girls are at risk of receiving non-spectrum classification in ADOS or ADOS-2 while their developmental history and clinical manifestation confirm ASD. Clinical data suggests that ASD girls present more abnormalities in sensory profile. ASD girls are at greater risk for developing anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, and for psychiatric hospitalization. ASD boys appear to be at greater risk for co-occurring ADHD, OCD and tics. PMID: 30368533 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Measurement tools of autism syndrome severity and selected neurocognitive processes in individuals with ASD.
Authors: Krzysztofik K, Otrębski W Abstract According to the latest theories explaining the pathomechanism and course of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), this disorder is characterized by abnormalities in the development of neurocognitive processes, such as executive functions, "theory of mind", cognitive style, or sensory integration processes. The structure of these processes is not homogenous, which has implications for measurement methodology. The type of indicators of the course and development level of neurocognitive processes analyzed by a researcher entails the need to choose an appropriate measur...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Modern approaches to the treatment of anorexia nervosa. "The third wave" of cognitive behavioral therapy.
Modern approaches to the treatment of anorexia nervosa. "The third wave" of cognitive behavioral therapy. Psychiatr Pol. 2018 Aug 24;52(4):651-662 Authors: Starzomska M, Wilkos E, Kucharska K Abstract Anorexia nervosa (AN) is being considered one of the most difficult mental disorders to treat. The ego-syntonic nature of this mental disorder makes patients particularly reluctant to engage in or consent to treatment with relatively high drop-out rate. For all these reasons the treatment often takes a very long time, and the illness progresses to the chronic form, increasing the suffering of pa...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research