Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 32017811 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Metabolic risk reduction in patients with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotics: recommendations of the Polish Psychiatric Association.
Authors: Wichniak A, Dudek D, Heitzman J, Kapłon-Cieślicka A, Mamcarz A, Samochowiec J, Szulc A, Bieńkowski P Abstract Patients with schizophrenia are susceptible to physical illnesses, which reduces their life expectancy by an average of 20 years compared with the general population. The most common physical illnesses amongst patients with schizophrenia are metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this paper is to present recommendations on metabolic risk reduction in patients with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotics, accepted as a position statement of the Polish Psychiatric Associatio...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The evaluation of the impact of anti-stigma training led by "experts by experience" on participants' attitudes towards persons with mental illness.
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide preliminary empirical evidence that the structured antistigma intervention under evaluation, using the elements of education and interpersonal contact can be an effective tool for improving social attitudes towards people with mental illness. PMID: 32017813 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Impact of dual diagnosis in patients with schizophrenia and affective disorders during hospital treatment on the course of illness and outcomes of treatment - a preliminary report.
CONCLUSIONS: Due to non-compliance, frequent interruption of treatment, higher suicidal risk in the dual diagnosis group, there is a need of longer inpatient treatment in order to improve mental status, regular pharmacological treatment, provide social support, motivation, and prepare patients for psychotherapy of addiction. It is essential to take actions to create therapeutic standards of treatment and adjust financial funding for this group of patients in Poland. PMID: 32017814 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The prevalence of catatonic syndrome in acute psychiatric wards.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of catatonic syndrome in an acute inpatient setting is within the broad range of figures reported in the literature. The difference between the standardized assessment (BFCRS) and routine clinical judgment (DSM-5) is noteworthy and suggests that a significant minority of catatonic patients might not be identified in clinical practice. As acute catatonia can be effectively treated, and early treatment could prevent potentially lifethreatening complications, recognition of catatonic symptoms is vitally important. PMID: 32017815 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Evaluation of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia using event-related potentials and rehabilitation influences using EEG Biofeedback in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.
In this study, an analysis of previous studies on cognitive functions using event-related potentials in schizophrenia patients was conducted on the basis of available publications (Pubmed, Scopus). The studies indicate numerous deviations at various stages of information processing in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia when compared to healthy subjects, and this justifies the need for the development of new methods influencing the bioelectric brain activity in cognitive rehabilitation of these patients. EEG Biofeedback is a method which could be used for rehabilitation of cognitive functions in schizophrenia patients. D...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effectiveness of rehabilitation of people diagnosed with schizophrenia using clinical tools, psychological tests, QEEG, and the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF).
CONCLUSIONS: The positive effect of structured rehabilitation influences allows to say that rehabilitation represents a necessary part of the comprehensive psychiatric treatment and should already be implemented during the first episode of the illness. PMID: 32017817 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Analysis of the expression of BAX, BCL2, BIRC6, CASP3, CASP9 apoptosis genes during the first episode of schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: (1) Significantly higher expression of BCL2 and CASP3 genes in schizophrenic patients compared to the controls proves the intensification of the apoptosis process, fitting in the theory of increased apoptosis in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. (2) Significant correlations between the BAX gene expression and differential blood count parameters (leucocyte, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte count) in the group of schizophrenic patients suggest a relationship with immune dysregulation and confirm the presence of apoptosis in peripheral blood lymphocytes. (3) The BAX gene expression may be indicative of the se...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Assessment of cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients treated for schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Imposing "healthy" lifestyle as part of clinical management in long-termcare setting in people treated with neuroleptics (atypical or typical) might reduce risk of body mass increase. Undertaking action towards reducing modifiable cardiovascular risk factors remains highly recommended in mental health care, particularly in long-term care. PMID: 32017819 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

An analysis of psychiatric services provided to adults in 2010-2014 based on the National Health Fund data.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate the need for further support of the development of psychiatric care using multidirectional efforts within an integrated model for solving health problems. An overall analysis of services provided in psychiatric care requires access to information on services funded from non-public sources and expanding the reported information. PMID: 32017820 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Ocena gminnego programu ochrony zdrowia psychicznego.
CONCLUSIONS: Structural recommendations for mental health programs are needed. They would increase the effectiveness of the planned activities. Such effect could be achieved by use of criteria for health policy programs expressed in the Act of 27 August 2004 on health care benefits financed from public funds. Mental health programs would benefit if they were consulted by public health specialists. PMID: 32017821 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The Soteria Project: A forerunner of "a third way" in psychiatry?
The Soteria Project: A forerunner of "a third way" in psychiatry? Psychiatr Pol. 2019 Dec 31;53(6):1351-1364 Authors: Stupak R, Dobroczyński B Abstract The article presents a somehow forgotten, yet largely controversial, experiment and therapeutic phenomenon known as Soteria Research Project. History, circumstances and main methodological assumptions of the experiment are briefly presented. Theoretical inspirations behind therapeutic model of Soteria are discussed and analyzed, and the results of the experiment are shortly described. The Soteria Research Project is placed in historical and c...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Patient isolation in psychiatric healthcare.
CONCLUSIONS: In order to increase mental health patient satisfaction, some organisational solutions which would result in both an increase in time spent by the personnel in contact with the patient as well as greater inclusion of family in the treatment process should be implemented. PMID: 32017823 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

J ózef Bednarz (1879-1939) - psychiatrist, forensic expert and manager of psychiatric treatment in the interwar period.
Józef Bednarz (1879-1939) - psychiatrist, forensic expert and manager of psychiatric treatment in the interwar period. Psychiatr Pol. 2019 Dec 31;53(6):1379-1395 Authors: Kujawski R Abstract The article presents the figure of the Polish psychiatrist, Dr. Józef Bednarz (1879-1939). Bednarz, the last interwar director of the Pomeranian National Mental Hospital in Swiecie, is seen mainly in the elegiac context of the tragic death, inflicted at the hands of the Nazi occupiers in October 1939. The aim of the work is to approximate - keeping the memory of the tragic death - the scientific, adju...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Personality characteristics of mountaineers - review of the literature.
Authors: Sołtysik M, Flakus M, Pudlo R Abstract The following paper presents the existing body of research on personality traits (within the framework of personality trait theory and Marvin Zuckerman's sensation seeking theory) of individuals engaging in high-risk sports, especially mountaineering and alpinism. In the review, two perspectives of theoretical analysis were taken into consideration: a psychological (concerning reflections on non-pathological personality characteristics of mountaineers) and a psychopathological one (concerning research on hypothetically pathological dimensions of the following traits)...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Epigenetic mechanisms of stress and depression.
Authors: Chmielewska N, Szyndler J, Maciejak P, Płaźnik A Abstract The etiopathogenesis of mood disorders is not fully understood. Among different possible causes, the involvement of genetic factors is taken into account. The manifestation of clinical symptoms cannot be assigned to a single gene mutation, thus the epigenetic association in the origin of those illnesses is suggested. The epigenetic regulation of gene expression, evoked by environmental stimuli rests upon producing persistent changes in its expression. There are several epigenetic mechanisms that change the accessibility of DNA to transcriptional f...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 31955179 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Adverse effects of interactions between antidepressants and medications used in treatment of cardiovascular disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Because of ahigh risk of interactions and related adverse effects, especially in older patients, each decision regarding combination of a particular antidepressant with a medication used in treatment of cardiovascular disorders should be preceded by a detailed analysis of safety and risk-benefit ratio, and also be associated with the search for the safest, alternative combinations of the above-mentioned medications. PMID: 31955180 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Clozapine-induced myocarditis during co-administration of valproate: A case report.
Authors: Jahołkowski P, Niewiadomska J, Wciórka J, Kowalski M, Świtaj P Abstract Clozapine, atypical antipsychotic drug, is widely used in patients with schizophrenia, for whom previous therapy was inadequate or not tolerated. Clozapine-induced myocarditis (CIM) is a relatively rare but potentially life-threatening complication of clozapine therapy; however, the underlying mechanism has not been so far well elucidated. Factors predisposing to CIM include a rapid dose titration, advanced age and co-administration of sodium valproate. In this paper, we present a case of a 22-year-old male patient with refrac...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Personality traits and hypertension-mediated organ damage.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that there are significant differences in personality traits between hypertensive patients with and without vascular and cardiac damage. PMID: 31955182 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Sense of coherence and hypertensive target organ damage.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest, that the sense of coherence may not be strongly associated with good somatic health. They may also contribute to the discussion about diagnostic usefulness of the SOC-29 method as a single tool. We believe that the level of sense of coherence should be taken into consideration in further studies on the development of hypertensive TOD. PMID: 31955183 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioral intervention improves quality of life and perceived illness acceptance in patients after cardiac electrotherapy devices implantation.
This study is an attempt to provide an analysis of the influence of implementation of cognitive behavioral intervention (CBI) in patients after cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation on the quality of life following the procedure as well as the level of illness acceptance. METHODS: The study group consisted of patients who underwent standard medical care related to CIED implantation and who additionally received CBI. Patients who received only standard medical care related to CIED implantation constituted a control group. CBI consisted of four sessions conducted over 30 (±3) days after ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Whole-body cryotherapy - promising add-on treatment of depressive disorders.
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of WBC as an add-on treatment for depressive episode. METHODS: 30 adults diagnosed with depressive episode were recruited to an observational, prospective study. 21 participants (17 women, 81%), mean age 46.1 (±16.7), completed the whole study procedure. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory were used to assess the severity of depressive symptoms. Additionally, quality of life and anhedonia were assessed with the WHOQoL-BREF and the SHAPS. Participants undertook 10, 2-minute (from - 110 C to - 135 degrees C) WBC...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Polish version of the Inventory of Complicated Grief - preliminary validation.
Authors: Ludwikowska-Świeboda K, Lachowska B Abstract OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the following study was to verify the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Inventory of Complicated Grief. METHODS: 278 people who experienced loss of a close relative or a friend participated in the research on adaptation of the tool. The following research methods were applied: ICG (Inventory of Complicated Grief), BDI (Beck Depression Inventory), STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), IES-R (Impact of Events Scale-Revised), AHS (Adult Hope Scale), LOT-R (Life Orientation Test-Revised), GSES (General Self-Efficacy...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Adaptation of the Body Image Self-Consciousness Scale (BISC-PL) in Polish females.
CONCLUSIONS: Polish version of the BISC can be considered comparable to the original measure. The BISC-PLmay be recommended as a useful tool to complement Polish research and practise. Results are discussed with regard to limitations of the current research and implications for future studies. PMID: 31955187 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

DSM-5 paraphilic disorders criteria in the light of autoerotic asphyxiophilia and non-sexual form of oxygen restriction.
Authors: Dora M, Mijas M, Dobroczyński B Abstract The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published in 2013 has proved to be particularly interesting in the field of sexuality. It introduced a number of significant changes in the definition of sexual norms, among them a widely discussed distinction between paraphilias and paraphilic disorders. The key criterion separating the abnormal sexual interests from the disordered ones is clinically significant distress resulting directly from sexual behavior and/or the risk of suffering or harm to another person as a result of one's s...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Refeeding syndrome as treatment complication of anorexia nervosa.
Authors: Skowrońska A, Sójta K, Strzelecki D Abstract Refeeding syndrome (RS) is one of the serious complications during treatment of anorexia nervosa. It includes hormonal and metabolic changes that occur during the process of refeeding in chronically malnourished patient when nutrition is introduced in an excessive and improper amount. RS manifests in water-electrolyte imbalances, including hypophosphatemia (the mostimportant diagnosticmarker), hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesaemia, fluid retention, vitamin deficiency and metabolic acidosis. It applies to either oral and parenteral supplementation. I...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Assessment of health behaviors, nutritional behaviors, and self-efficacy in patients with morbid obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with morbid obesity need health, nutritional, and psychological education. PMID: 31955190 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Psychiatrists and occupational burnout syndrome - a phenomenon, a problem, a threat?
Authors: Makara-Studzińska M, Madej A, Cyranka K, Szułdrzyński K, Nowina-Konopka M, Tylec A Abstract The aim of this work is to present the results of research on occupational burnout in a group of psychiatrists. The electronic databases and empirical publications from 2000-2017 were searched. In order to identify reports that met the selection criteria, the papers was critically assessed. In the presented studies it was shown that the burnout syndrome is most often presented in accordance with the theoretical model proposed by Christina Maslach (including the dimension of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The mediating role of types of coping styles in the relations between temperamental traits and staff burnout among psychiatric nurses.
CONCLUSIONS: Providing psychiatric nurses with help: (1) should focus more on strengthening task style, rather than on rising awareness regarding the harmfulness of avoidance tendencies in the area of coping; (2) what seems important is developing the ability to experience negative emotions revealed in contacts with patients in a creative way. PMID: 31955192 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The evaluation of effect of selected metal ions on the efficiency of passive and active transport of imipramine.
CONCLUSIONS: The efficiency of passive and active transport of imipramine hydrochloride is influenced by the presence of Mg, Zn and Cu ions. The passive transport of imipramine hydrochloride after 90 minutes of experiment was the most effective in the presence of copper and zinc ions. Further studies conducted on the CaCo-2 cell line indicated a clear positive interaction of imipramine - zinc. PMID: 31955193 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 31760405 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms among adolescents in non-clinical Krakow's population - thirty years' follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term observation in our prospective study supports the hypothesis of a developmental character of adolescent depression. PMID: 31760406 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Girls and women with autism.
Authors: Rynkiewicz A, Janas-Kozik M, Słopień A Abstract Girls and women with autism are often undiagnosed, misdiagnosed or receive a diagnosis of autism at later age. This can result in adverse outcomes in their well-being, mental health, education, employment, and independence. The diagnosis of autism spectrum condition/disorder (hereinafter referred to as autism), with its current features linked with descriptions in the major diagnostic classification systems, is based primarily on observations and research on males. The term 'Autism Spectrum Condition' (ASC), used in this paper, has been coined by Simon Baro...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders (NPDC) model - an integrated model of evidence-based practices for autism spectrum disorder.
Authors: Waligórska A, Kucharczyk S, Waligórski M, Kuncewicz-Sosnowska K, Kalisz K, Odom SL Abstract Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a serious neurodevelopmental condition requires intensive and comprehensive interventions, particularly interventions found to be effective through rigorous research. The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders (NPDC) was formed in the USAin order to conduct a comprehensive review of ASD-related evidence-based practices (EBPs) and to create amodelof implementing such practices for children, adolescents and young adults (from preschool to h...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) - biomarkers of oxidative stress and methylation and transsulfuration cycle.
Authors: Waligóra A, Waligóra S, Kozarska M, Damasiewicz-Bodzek A, Gorczyca P, Tyrpień-Golder K Abstract Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects people from all regions of the globe, regardless of nationality, living standards or social group. Currently, it is assumed that ASD pathogenesis is multifactorial because there is no one specific cause of the disorder. According to literature, ASD may result from genetic defects, metabolic disorders or exposure to environmental factors. There is a number of hypotheses that attempt to explain the intensity of emotional and behavioral symptoms or the increased...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Deep brain stimulation: new possibilities for the treatment of mental disorders.
Authors: Beszłej JA, Wieczorek T, Kobyłko A, Piotrowski P, Siwicki D, Weiser A, Fila-Witecka K, Rymaszewska J, Tabakow P Abstract Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a treatment method that is currently getting more and more attention from psychiatrists. It has proven to be efficacious and safe in the treatment of neurological disorders, mainly Parkinson's disease (PD), dystonia and essential tremor. DBS has very often contributed to successful treatment in cases that had proved resistant to all other methods of treatment. Nowadays treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is the main psychiatric indica...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Deep brain stimulation in obsessive-compulsive disorder - case report of two patients.
Authors: Beszłej JA, Siwicki D, Fila-Witecka K, Wieczorek T, Piotrowski P, Weiser A, Tabakow P, Rymaszewska J Abstract Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) occurs in 2-3% of the general population. Due to its chronicity and high resistance to standard treatment, alternative clinical management based on neuroscientific findings has been sought. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a modern and dynamic approach in the treatment of OCD giving hope to patients who are resistant to current pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy based treatments. This paper presents two cases of patients diagnosed with refractory OCD who received ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) and obsessive-compulsive-related disorders (OCRD).
Authors: Krzyszkowiak W, Kuleta-Krzyszkowiak M, Krzanowska E Abstract The purpose of this article is to present an overview of current knowledge on the treatment of obsessive-compulsive and obsessive-compulsive-related disorders (OCRD - according to DSM-5). The article presents commonly used pharmacological treatments and psychotherapy, as well as surgical and other forms of treatment. According to the analyses that have been made, the variety of responses to the pharmacological treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) depending on the kinds of symptoms is not relevant enough to justify these other forms o...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Anxiety symptoms in obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The research indicates that anxiety plays a significant role in the clinical picture of OCD and may reach a severity similar to that observed in GAD. The presence and severity of anxiety and somatization symptoms can be associated with the presence of cognitive impairments, which requires further investigation. PMID: 31760413 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Risk factors of suicide with reference to the theory of social integration by Émile Durkheim.
CONCLUSIONS: This literature review may be useful in the assessment of suicide risk when designing suicide prevention programs and for mental health clinicians in their daily practice. PMID: 31760414 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Neurotic personality traits and associated dysfunctional attitudes as factors predisposing patients to suicidal ideations at the end of intensive psychotherapy.
Authors: Rodziński P, Ostachowska A, Cyranka K, Rutkowski K, Sobański JA, Citkowska-Kisielewska A, Dembińska E, Mielimąka M Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationshipsbetween personality traits typical for neurotic disorders and dysfunctional attitudes declared by patients without suicidal ideations (SI) prior to treatment and SI at the end of an intensive psychotherapy with a predominant psychodynamic approach in the day hospital for neurotic, behavioral, or personality disorders. MATERIAL AND METHOD: KO "O" Symptom Checklist for assessing SI, Neurotic Personality Questionnaire KON-2006 f...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Dimensions of neurotic personality and its selected predictors in individuals with arterial hypertension.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study adds to the knowledge on the psychosocial aspects of ill people's functioning and sets directions of work for multidisciplinary teams seeking to improve patients' quality of life. PMID: 31760416 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Neurotic personality and lower urinary tract symptoms in day hospital patients diagnosed at pretreatment between 2004 and 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Neurotic personality traits described by abnormal values of the KON-2006 questionnaire scales are associated with the presence (and also to some extent with the severity) of psychogenic lower urinary tract symptoms. Connections may be bi-directional - in some cases experiencing and self-description of personality traits may be secondary to suffering associated with pollakiuria and incontinence. PMID: 31760417 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Coexistence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) with depressive symptoms in patients suffering from depressive disorders.
Authors: Skalski M, Przydacz M, Sobański JA, Cyranka K, Klasa K, Datka W, Gołąbek T, Chłosta P, Dudek D Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and severity of depressive symptoms in patients treated for depression. METHODS: 102 patients (43 males, 59 females) aged 20-67 (M = 46.1) treated for depression were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology - Self Report (QIDS-SR). LUTS w...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Psychiatric disorders in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
This article is intended to provide an overview of the literature regarding mental disorders associated with polycystic ovary syndrome and to present own research on depression and sexual dysfunction in this group. PMID: 31760419 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 31522192 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - September 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Recommendations for the treatment of schizophrenia with negative symptoms. Standards of pharmacotherapy by the Polish Psychiatric Association (Polskie Towarzystwo Psychiatryczne), part 1.
Authors: Szulc A, Samochowiec J, Gałecki P, Wojnar M, Heitzman J, Dudek D Abstract Schizophrenia is a chronic illness that in the majority of cases begins either in adolescence or early adulthood. It is often perceived as a severe, incurable condition with generally poor prognosis, while patients suffering from it tend to be agitated, aggressive and unpredictable in their behaviors. Growing awareness, along with gradual changes in the approach to the need for multifaceted schizophrenia therapy, as well as considerable progress in pharmacotherapy in recent years have allowed for improving the prognosis for many pat...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - September 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Recommendations for the treatment of schizophrenia with negative symptoms. Standards of pharmacotherapy by the Polish Psychiatric Association (Polskie Towarzystwo Psychiatryczne), part 2.
Authors: Szulc A, Dudek D, Samochowiec J, Wojnar M, Heitzman J, Gałecki P Abstract Contemporary approach to schizophrenia treatment assumes multidirectional therapeutic intervention aimed at achieving full remission and the patient's return to full psychosocial functioning. Properly selected and administered pharmacotherapy still plays the key role in schizophrenia treatment. In previous decades (starting from the 1950s) the use of antipsychotics aimed mostly at managing positive symptoms (aggression, agitation). In subsequent decades (starting from the 1980s) it was possible to use new generation medications with...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - September 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Polish version of the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS).
CONCLUSIONS: The obtained results indicate good psychometric properties of the Polish version of the BNSS and its possible usefulness in the study of negative symptoms of schizophrenia conducted in Poland. PMID: 31522195 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - September 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research