Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 32772052 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health.
Authors: Heitzman J Abstract Human confrontation with such a stressor as the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, manifested in severe acute respiratory distress, results also in the decrease of fitness and mental resistance on an unprecedented scale and with difficult to estimate consequences [1]. More important than the intensity of the disorder is its prevalence. When we compare our current knowledge of the impact of the pandemic on the development of mental disorders with the findings of research on acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) over the last 40 years, i...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The use of buprenorphine in the treatment of drug-resistant depression - an overview of the studies.
Authors: Stefanowski B, Antosik-Wójcińska A, Święcicki Ł Abstract There is evidence that the endogenous opioid system in the brain plays an important role in mood regulation, and disturbances in its functioning may lead to the occurrence of depressive disorders. One of the drugs that affect the endogenous opioid system in the CNS is buprenorphine. The article is areview of the studies on the effectiveness of buprenorphine used as an augmentation of antidepressant treatment. The selection of articles was made by browsing the Medline and PubMed databases with the use of key words 'buprenorphine'and 'treatm...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Nesfatin-1 in the neurochemistry of eating disorders.
Authors: Pałasz A, Rojczyk E, Siwiec A, Janas-Kozik M Abstract The vast majority of new neuropeptides feature unique biochemical properties as well as awide spectrum of physiological activity applied in numerous neuronal pathways, including hypothalamus and the limbic system. Special interest should be paid to nesfatin-1 - the relatively recently discovered and still intensively studied regulatory factor and a potential modulator of eating behaviors. New information about it now allows to consider this neuropeptide as a potentially important factor involved in the pathogenesis of many different mental disorders. T...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

A multi-perspective analysis of dissemination, etiology, clinical view and therapeutic approach for binge eating disorder (BED).
Authors: Jowik K, Dutkiewicz A, Słopień A, Tyszkiewicz-Nwafor M Abstract Eating disorders (ED) constitute the third most common group of chronic diseases among people aged 14-19 years after asthma and obesity, and one of their forms is binge eating disorder (BED). The purpose of the present review was to summarize new research findings on BED and overview the epidemiology, characteristics, criteria, etiopathogenesis, and treatment. Etiopathogenesis of BED is still poorly understood, and the current state of knowledge leads to the conclusion that the pathomechanism of the development and persistence of the symptom...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Coexistence of the features of perfectionism and anorexia readiness in school youth.
CONCLUSIONS: (1) A high level of anorexia readiness coexists with the parents' high level of criticism and their high expectations. (2) A high level of anorexia readiness coexists with excessive concern about one's own mistakes and doubts about actions. (3) The perception of one's own attractiveness coexists with excessive concern about one's own mistakes and excessive criticism on the part of the parents. (4) The higher the tendency to reduce weight, the deeper the concern about one's own mistakes and doubts about actions. (5) The individuals with a high level of anorexia readiness in comparison with the individuals with ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The incidence of eating disorders among upper secondary school female students.
Authors: Kotwas A, Karakiewicz-Krawczyk K, Zabielska P, Jurczak A, Bażydło M, Karakiewicz B Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the incidence and prevalence of eating disorders in the population of Polish upper secondary school female students, while considering the type of school and living conditions. METHODS: The investigations of eating disorders were conducted between March and June 2017 and covered female students of the upper secondary schools of Szczecin. Selection for the survey was multistep. 1,750 questionnaires were included in the analysis. The study used a tool for s...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Drinking alcohol as a way of coping with stress in students of medical faculties.
CONCLUSIONS: Lack of correlations may indicate that the studied group used coping strategies other than alcohol drinking. It is essential to create environment for medical students, that would enhance healthy stress coping strategies and promote early prevention. PMID: 32772059 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Anxiety in persons with visual impairment.
Authors: Binder KW, Wrzesińska MA, Kocur J Abstract Anxiety and anxiety disorders among people with visual impairment are more frequent than in the general population. It is estimated that . of people with visual impairment face depression and/or anxiety, whereas 4-6% of people are diagnosed with anxiety disorders. The purpose of this paper is analyzing the occurrence of anxiety in people with visual impairment based on current information. Literature review indicates that people with visual impairment experience the common, as well as the more specific, often chronic anxiety symptoms. Despite the significance of ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Mood disorders and cognitive impairment in the course of increasing disability in patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
CONCLUSIONS: (1) The gradually developing motor neuron loss of the anterior horns of the spinal cord is reflected in physical fitness impairment in the ALS patients. (2) The exacerbation of cognitive impairment accompanies the intensifying physical disability. (3) The exacerbation of depression in the course of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is of transient nature. PMID: 32772061 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Correlates of respiratory admissions frequency in patients with obstructive lung diseases: coping styles, personality and anxiety.
CONCLUSIONS: The obtained results may indicate the need to offer patients with respiratory diseases psychotherapeutic activities aimed at building a more constructive functioning, reducing anxiety, increasing the sense of control. PMID: 32772062 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The change in the intensity of symptoms in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder after "Workshops for Parents of Hyperactive Children".
CONCLUSIONS: The therapeutic program used in our study resulted in small to moderate reduction of symptoms in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder irrespective of subtype, comorbid disorders or pharmacotherapy (if implemented). PMID: 32772063 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Selective mutism - an overview of the condition and etiology: is the absence of speech just the tip of the iceberg?
Authors: Rozenek EB, Orlof W, Nowicka ZM, Wilczyńska K, Waszkiewicz N Abstract The inability to speak in certain situations, as one may briefly characterize selective mutism (SM), according to the most recent classifications (DSM-5, ICD-11) belongs to the anxiety disorder spectrum. The onset of mutism in early childhood may impair further development and adversely affect educational achievements. It is essential that psychiatrists, as well as other physicians, speech therapists, nurses and teachers are familiar with this disorder, since the early start of treatment is associated with better prognosis. This literat...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

New regulations regarding e-prescriptions may increase the risk of acute withdrawal syndromes in patients dependent on benzodiazepines or non-benzodiazepine hypnotics.
Authors: Silczuk A, Heitzman JP Abstract The implementation of solutions in the area of e-health and use of electronically issued prescription obligations meets the modern requirements of the healthcare system. Adigital record of theissued prescriptions aims atpreventing prescriptions from being traded without a physician's name in patient medical records. Access to the system may in turn reveal doctors' bad practices, and fear of the professional and legal consequences may force achange in the prescription of benzodiazepines or non-benzodiazepine hypnotics. The effect of these activities may be the disclosure of m...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Characteristic of neuropsychological deficits in patients diagnosed with manganese encephalopathy due to ephedrone use - case series analysis.
Authors: Kałwa A Abstract AIM: The study presents neuropsychological characteristic of 16 individuals with manganese-induced parkinsonism due to intravenous ephedrone use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Overall cognitive function screening as well as full examination of various cognitive domains (verbal learning, visual memory, working memory, executive functions, construction and visuospatial functions) with the use of elastic neuropsychological test battery were performed. Dyshartric speech disorders were also precisely evaluated. Additionally, all individuals filled in the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), which is u...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Ayahuasca - potential therapeutic properties in psychiatry. Research review.
Authors: Barabasz-Gembczyk A, Kucia K Abstract Ayahuasca, also known as "the liana of the soul" and "the vine of the soul" is a ritual psychedelic traditionally administered in the form of plant decoction, used by the indigenous people of South America for centuries, and in the last 25 years also in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Canada, and the United States. Its biological activity results from the content of N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), acting mainly as a non-selective agonist of serotonin receptors and beta-carboline alkaloids, which are strong and short-acting monoamine oxidase type A(MA...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Letter to Editor. Polish recommendations for conducting online visits in psychiatric care.
Authors: Krzystanek M, Matuszczyk M, Krupka-Matuszczyk I, Koźmin-Burzyńska A, Segiet S, Przybyło J Abstract no summary. PMID: 32772068 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 32447352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

ICD-11 vs. ICD-10 - a review of updates and novelties introduced in the latest version of the WHO International Classification of Diseases.
Authors: Krawczyk P, Święcicki Ł Abstract In June 2018, WHO published the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The new edition introduced numerous changes. One of the most important was to rebuild the coding system and adapt ICD to digital use. A reconstruction of the coding system enabled more comprehensive alphanumeric coding of complex clinical situations by the introduction of cluster coding. The chapter on mental disorders has also changed. ICD-11 has been updated to take into account the results of international expert cooperation and new information on mental disorders. Many...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The role of eugeroics in the treatment of affective disorders.
Authors: Urban AE, Cubała WJ Abstract Eugeroics are a relatively new class of wakefulness-promoting agents. Thegroup includes adrafinil, modafinil and armodafinil. Modafinil is the most widely used and the best studied agent. Indications for the use of modafinil include the treatment of narcolepsy, shift-work sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. Many studies show the utility of modafinil and armodafinil in the treatment of depression - both in monotherapy andas potentiation therapy if needed. Modafinil has proven to be effective in the treatment of residual symp...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Clinical picture and treatment of bipolar affective disorder in children and adolescents.
Authors: Cichoń L, Janas-Kozik M, Siwiec A, Rybakowski JK Abstract Bipolar disorder (BD) is characterized by pathological changes in mood as well as recurring episodes of mania, hypomania, depression and mixed symptoms. In recent years, the number of BD diagnoses has risen considerably in children and adolescents. Itis believed that anaverage rate of prevalence of bipolar spectrum disorder in the pediatric population is 1.8%, and BD type I - 1.2%, and the prevalence of the disorder increases with the age of patients. Despite the same diagnostic criteria, there are premises that suggest thatthe symptoms of the diso...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Mental disorders in patients with epilepsy.
Authors: Jeżowska-Jurczyk K, Kotas R, Jurczyk P, Nowakowska-Kotas M, Budrewicz S, Pokryszko-Dragan A Abstract Mental disorders occur in patients with epilepsy significantly more frequently than in the general population or in those with other chronic diseases. The specificity of epilepsy as a condition of the central nervous system with complex somatic, psychic and social consequences contributes to co-occurrence of these disorders. Moreover, common patomechanisms are suggested for epilepsy and mental disorders, associated with disturbances of bioelectrical activity and neurotransmission in certain areas of the br...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Depression in Tourette Syndrome.
Authors: Małek A, Golińska P Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to show relationship between severity of depressive symptoms and the severity of tics, declared feeling of stigmatization and feelings about the body. METHODS: The study included 13 people with Tourette syndrome and 13 people in a comparative group - matching method, taking into account compatibility of gender, age, number of years of education, and size of the place of residence. The study used: Polish adaptation of the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS), Questionnaire for Measuring Depression (Kwestionariusz do Pomiaru Depresji -K...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the General Functioning Questionnaire (GFQ-58) used for screening for symptoms of psychopathology and overall level of functioning.
Authors: Styła R, Kowalski J Abstract OBJECTIVES: Measuring severity of psychopathological symptoms using self-assessment questionnaires is important for clinical and scientific research. However, there is no widely-available Polish tool which measures both overall functioning and severity of a broad spectrum of psychopathological symptoms. This paper describesthe designing of such a tool -the General Functioning Questionnaire (GFQ-58). METHODS: Three studies were conducted to verify the validity and reliability of the GFQ-58: (1)a study comparing 30 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and 30 with no psyc...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The Polish adaptation of the Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised by A. Osman et al.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that the Polish adaptation of the SBQ-R by Osman et al. has good psychometric characteristics and can be considered in both research and clinical practice. PMID: 32447359 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The Staff Attitude to Coercion Scale (SACS) - Polish adaptation.
CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric characteristics of the Polish adaptation of the SACS are similar to those reported in the original version. The results allow to recommend the method for scientific research. However, further analyses are necessary to assess validity and discriminative power in larger settings. PMID: 32447360 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Polish version of the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI) by Wegner and Zanakos: factor analysis and reliability.
CONCLUSIONS: The reliability of the Polish version of the WBSI is comparable to the original version. The analysis allowed us to identify a new subscale that may represent the experience of intrusions. The Polish version of the WBSI is characterized by good psychometric properties and may be used to assess intrusions and suppression. PMID: 32447361 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Polish adaptation of the Daily Heterosexist Experiences Questionnaire.
CONCLUSIONS: The Polish adaptation of the DHEQ is characterized by good psychometric properties. The majority of the factors distinguished in the DHEQ are applicable to Polish cultural context. PMID: 32447362 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Psychological impediments to marriage - forensic and psychiatric opinions. Part I.
Authors: Cynkier P Abstract There are two types of proceedings before common courts for annulment of marriages during which expert psychiatrists are appointed. In the first type, the key task of the expert is to assess whether the presence of mental illness or mental retardation at the date of the marriage could possibly pose a threat to the marriage or health of future offspring. The expert performs a retrospective assessment not only of the course and severity of psychiatric disorders strictly distinguished by the legislator, but also their impact on the social functioning of a given person. In the second type of...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Psychological impediments to marriage - forensic and psychiatric opinions. Part II.
Authors: Cynkier P Abstract Episcopal courts adjudicate in proceedings for declaring a marriage void and in these cases psychiatrists and psychologists are appointed as experts. Expert judgment requires the expert to follow a specific substantive approach when preparing the expertise, as well as knowledge of canon legal provisions. Canon law makes validity of a relationship dependent on fulfilment of premises of a valid marriage at the time of the marriage, thus accepting the possibility of an invalid marriage. The so-called consensual and indirectly mental incapacity to marry is dealt with in canon 1,095, which sa...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 32017811 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Metabolic risk reduction in patients with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotics: recommendations of the Polish Psychiatric Association.
Authors: Wichniak A, Dudek D, Heitzman J, Kapłon-Cieślicka A, Mamcarz A, Samochowiec J, Szulc A, Bieńkowski P Abstract Patients with schizophrenia are susceptible to physical illnesses, which reduces their life expectancy by an average of 20 years compared with the general population. The most common physical illnesses amongst patients with schizophrenia are metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this paper is to present recommendations on metabolic risk reduction in patients with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotics, accepted as a position statement of the Polish Psychiatric Associatio...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The evaluation of the impact of anti-stigma training led by "experts by experience" on participants' attitudes towards persons with mental illness.
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide preliminary empirical evidence that the structured antistigma intervention under evaluation, using the elements of education and interpersonal contact can be an effective tool for improving social attitudes towards people with mental illness. PMID: 32017813 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Impact of dual diagnosis in patients with schizophrenia and affective disorders during hospital treatment on the course of illness and outcomes of treatment - a preliminary report.
CONCLUSIONS: Due to non-compliance, frequent interruption of treatment, higher suicidal risk in the dual diagnosis group, there is a need of longer inpatient treatment in order to improve mental status, regular pharmacological treatment, provide social support, motivation, and prepare patients for psychotherapy of addiction. It is essential to take actions to create therapeutic standards of treatment and adjust financial funding for this group of patients in Poland. PMID: 32017814 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The prevalence of catatonic syndrome in acute psychiatric wards.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of catatonic syndrome in an acute inpatient setting is within the broad range of figures reported in the literature. The difference between the standardized assessment (BFCRS) and routine clinical judgment (DSM-5) is noteworthy and suggests that a significant minority of catatonic patients might not be identified in clinical practice. As acute catatonia can be effectively treated, and early treatment could prevent potentially lifethreatening complications, recognition of catatonic symptoms is vitally important. PMID: 32017815 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Evaluation of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia using event-related potentials and rehabilitation influences using EEG Biofeedback in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.
In this study, an analysis of previous studies on cognitive functions using event-related potentials in schizophrenia patients was conducted on the basis of available publications (Pubmed, Scopus). The studies indicate numerous deviations at various stages of information processing in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia when compared to healthy subjects, and this justifies the need for the development of new methods influencing the bioelectric brain activity in cognitive rehabilitation of these patients. EEG Biofeedback is a method which could be used for rehabilitation of cognitive functions in schizophrenia patients. D...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effectiveness of rehabilitation of people diagnosed with schizophrenia using clinical tools, psychological tests, QEEG, and the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF).
CONCLUSIONS: The positive effect of structured rehabilitation influences allows to say that rehabilitation represents a necessary part of the comprehensive psychiatric treatment and should already be implemented during the first episode of the illness. PMID: 32017817 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Analysis of the expression of BAX, BCL2, BIRC6, CASP3, CASP9 apoptosis genes during the first episode of schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: (1) Significantly higher expression of BCL2 and CASP3 genes in schizophrenic patients compared to the controls proves the intensification of the apoptosis process, fitting in the theory of increased apoptosis in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. (2) Significant correlations between the BAX gene expression and differential blood count parameters (leucocyte, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte count) in the group of schizophrenic patients suggest a relationship with immune dysregulation and confirm the presence of apoptosis in peripheral blood lymphocytes. (3) The BAX gene expression may be indicative of the se...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Assessment of cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients treated for schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Imposing "healthy" lifestyle as part of clinical management in long-termcare setting in people treated with neuroleptics (atypical or typical) might reduce risk of body mass increase. Undertaking action towards reducing modifiable cardiovascular risk factors remains highly recommended in mental health care, particularly in long-term care. PMID: 32017819 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

An analysis of psychiatric services provided to adults in 2010-2014 based on the National Health Fund data.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate the need for further support of the development of psychiatric care using multidirectional efforts within an integrated model for solving health problems. An overall analysis of services provided in psychiatric care requires access to information on services funded from non-public sources and expanding the reported information. PMID: 32017820 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Ocena gminnego programu ochrony zdrowia psychicznego.
CONCLUSIONS: Structural recommendations for mental health programs are needed. They would increase the effectiveness of the planned activities. Such effect could be achieved by use of criteria for health policy programs expressed in the Act of 27 August 2004 on health care benefits financed from public funds. Mental health programs would benefit if they were consulted by public health specialists. PMID: 32017821 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The Soteria Project: A forerunner of "a third way" in psychiatry?
The Soteria Project: A forerunner of "a third way" in psychiatry? Psychiatr Pol. 2019 Dec 31;53(6):1351-1364 Authors: Stupak R, Dobroczyński B Abstract The article presents a somehow forgotten, yet largely controversial, experiment and therapeutic phenomenon known as Soteria Research Project. History, circumstances and main methodological assumptions of the experiment are briefly presented. Theoretical inspirations behind therapeutic model of Soteria are discussed and analyzed, and the results of the experiment are shortly described. The Soteria Research Project is placed in historical and c...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Patient isolation in psychiatric healthcare.
CONCLUSIONS: In order to increase mental health patient satisfaction, some organisational solutions which would result in both an increase in time spent by the personnel in contact with the patient as well as greater inclusion of family in the treatment process should be implemented. PMID: 32017823 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

J ózef Bednarz (1879-1939) - psychiatrist, forensic expert and manager of psychiatric treatment in the interwar period.
Józef Bednarz (1879-1939) - psychiatrist, forensic expert and manager of psychiatric treatment in the interwar period. Psychiatr Pol. 2019 Dec 31;53(6):1379-1395 Authors: Kujawski R Abstract The article presents the figure of the Polish psychiatrist, Dr. Józef Bednarz (1879-1939). Bednarz, the last interwar director of the Pomeranian National Mental Hospital in Swiecie, is seen mainly in the elegiac context of the tragic death, inflicted at the hands of the Nazi occupiers in October 1939. The aim of the work is to approximate - keeping the memory of the tragic death - the scientific, adju...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Personality characteristics of mountaineers - review of the literature.
Authors: Sołtysik M, Flakus M, Pudlo R Abstract The following paper presents the existing body of research on personality traits (within the framework of personality trait theory and Marvin Zuckerman's sensation seeking theory) of individuals engaging in high-risk sports, especially mountaineering and alpinism. In the review, two perspectives of theoretical analysis were taken into consideration: a psychological (concerning reflections on non-pathological personality characteristics of mountaineers) and a psychopathological one (concerning research on hypothetically pathological dimensions of the following traits)...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Epigenetic mechanisms of stress and depression.
Authors: Chmielewska N, Szyndler J, Maciejak P, Płaźnik A Abstract The etiopathogenesis of mood disorders is not fully understood. Among different possible causes, the involvement of genetic factors is taken into account. The manifestation of clinical symptoms cannot be assigned to a single gene mutation, thus the epigenetic association in the origin of those illnesses is suggested. The epigenetic regulation of gene expression, evoked by environmental stimuli rests upon producing persistent changes in its expression. There are several epigenetic mechanisms that change the accessibility of DNA to transcriptional f...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 31955179 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Adverse effects of interactions between antidepressants and medications used in treatment of cardiovascular disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Because of ahigh risk of interactions and related adverse effects, especially in older patients, each decision regarding combination of a particular antidepressant with a medication used in treatment of cardiovascular disorders should be preceded by a detailed analysis of safety and risk-benefit ratio, and also be associated with the search for the safest, alternative combinations of the above-mentioned medications. PMID: 31955180 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Clozapine-induced myocarditis during co-administration of valproate: A case report.
Authors: Jahołkowski P, Niewiadomska J, Wciórka J, Kowalski M, Świtaj P Abstract Clozapine, atypical antipsychotic drug, is widely used in patients with schizophrenia, for whom previous therapy was inadequate or not tolerated. Clozapine-induced myocarditis (CIM) is a relatively rare but potentially life-threatening complication of clozapine therapy; however, the underlying mechanism has not been so far well elucidated. Factors predisposing to CIM include a rapid dose titration, advanced age and co-administration of sodium valproate. In this paper, we present a case of a 22-year-old male patient with refrac...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Personality traits and hypertension-mediated organ damage.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that there are significant differences in personality traits between hypertensive patients with and without vascular and cardiac damage. PMID: 31955182 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - January 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research