Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 33038876 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

A half-century of participant observation in psychiatry. Part I. Schizophrenia.
Authors: Rybakowski J Abstract In three articles, I discuss the 50 years of my work in psychiatry, in the formula of so called participant observation. The first one is about schizophrenia. I present important events of the pathogenesis and diagnostics in a recent half-century and my attempts to contribute to the research. Significant for clinical description was distinguishing the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. The evidence for subcortical dopaminergic hyperactivity associated with positive (psychotic) symptoms, and prefrontal dopaminergic hypoactivity, responsible for mental deficits and cogniti...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and the population with dementia. Recommendations under the auspices of the Polish Psychiatric Association.
Authors: Łuc M, Szcześniak D, Trypka E, Mazurek J, Rymaszewska J Abstract SARS-CoV-2 poses a particular risk to the elderly and people with many comorbidities. In the case of people with dementia, the compliance with sanitary recommendations and the necessary physical isolation can have far-reaching negative consequences in terms of limiting the continuation of tailored care, support and treatment. The recommendations related to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic must take into account not only the medical consequences of lack of access to medical care, but also their long-term effects and the disease progression in accorda...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Premorbid social relationships and the course of schizophrenia in a 20-year follow-up study.
CONCLUSIONS: The quality and scope of social contacts before the outbreak of the illness, especially satisfactory relationship in non-familial milieu, are an important prognostic factor of amany-year beneficial clinical and social course of psychoses from the schizophrenia group. PMID: 33038879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Cognitive dysfunctions in depression - significance, description and treatment prospects.
Authors: Czerwińska A, Pawłowski T Abstract Cognitive dysfunctions are part of the symptomatology of depressive disorders but they may persist even after the patient reaches symptomatic remission. As persistent symptoms of depression, cognitive dysfunctions may inhibit and restrict the patient's functioning in many spheres and significantly impair its quality. In addition, they increase the risk of somatic diseases and contribute to the increase of benefits disbursed from state aid. Furthermore, it is a factor negatively affecting the prognosis of depressive disorders because it increases the risk of recurrence o...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Vergence eye movements in bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: BD patients showed the alterations of the vergence eye movements similar to the disturbances of eye movements in the fronto-parallel plane. While the abnormalities of vergence eye movements in some mental disorders have been reported, we have for the first time objectively measured this phenomenon in BD. PMID: 33038881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The role of the endoplasmic reticulum stress in depression.
Authors: Kowalczyk M, Majsterek I, Gałecki P, Talarowska M Abstract Depression is an important health problem around the world. There are several effective methods for its treatment, but it is estimated that one-third of patients with depression do not respond adequately to conventional antidepressants. There is, therefore, an urgent need to identify the biological mechanism of depression and the pharmacological action of antidepressants. The participation of broadly understood inflammatory factors in the etiology of depressive disorders no longer raises doubts. In recent years, a lot of attention has also been de...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Polymorphism and expression of the Dvl3 gene in the etiology of depressive disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Changes in expression and polymorphism of the Dvl3 gene may play a role in the pathogenetic mechanism of depressive disorder. PMID: 33038884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Mania induced by antidepressants - characteristics and specific phenomena in children and adolescents.
Authors: Stawicka E, Wolańczyk T Abstract The phenomenon of drug-induced mania, i.e., a manic episode associated with the use of pharmacotherapy (in particular antidepressants) is well defined and described in groups of adult patients. The negative effect on the course of bipolar disorder has been confirmed. In the group of children and adolescents, this subject is still poorly known and rarely described because of controversies in diagnosing early-onset bipolar disorder. The authors present an overview of current research on this problem starting from case reports, through open studies to randomized trials. Becau...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Impulsiveness and cyclothymic traits of affective temperament as predictors of risky gambling behavior.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data support prior reports of higher impulsivity traits and traits from the bipolar spectrum among pathological gamblers. The results indicate that the influence of affective temperamental traits on pathological gambling severity is moderated by impulsiveness. PMID: 33038886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Implementation of the European Psychiatric Association (EPA) guidance on forensic psychiatry in Poland. Current state and required measures.
Authors: Heitzman J, Gosek P, Luks M, Pilszyk A, Kotowska J, Pacholski M Abstract The article discusses the key aspects of the guidance of the European Psychiatric Association (EPA) on forensic psychiatry and the required actions to implement guidance into clinical practice. The authors pay attention to the discrepancies between the recommendations resulting from the guidance and clinical practice and current systemic solutions. The basic difficulties were discussed in relation to the implementation of the guidelines in the clinical practice in Poland as regards providing services as an expert by psychiatrists and ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Paraphilias among Roman Catholic priests: what we know, and do not know, about sexual clergy-abusers of minors.
Authors: Prusak J Abstract The issue of sexual abuse of minors in the Catholic Church is widely discussed in the media. Nevertheless, the term ‛priest-pedophile'has been used inaccurately to identify perpetrators. There is very little research directly dealing with this group of offenders among Catholic clergy, and we do not yet have any theory that would adequately explain this type of behavior. Attempts to psychologically characterize priests who sexually abuse minors have brought limited success so far. The purpose of this article is to present the most important issues and clinical dilemmas related to the dia...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Therapeutic programs aimed at developing the theory of mind in patients with autism spectrum disorders - available methods and their effectiveness.
Authors: Dyrda K, Lucci KD, Bieniek-Pocielej R, Bryńska A Abstract Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by the presence of deficits in social skills and communication as well as repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. Among the theories explaining the mechanisms of the formation of the above cited symptoms, an important role is attributed to the theory of the mind, or the ability to draw conclusions about the state of mind of other people, assigning mental states to others and interpreting their behaviors. According to guidelines of the National Institute for Health...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Does pop-culture affect perception of medical procedures? Report on knowledge and attitude towards electroconvulsive therapy among Polish students.
CONCLUSIONS: The influence of the media, especially film industry, on creating a negative opinion on the subject of ECT is significant. Furthermore, many respondents obtain their knowledge about this procedure from television or from the Internet, where the information is often incorrect. PMID: 33038890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The program of psychological and breastfeeding support "Maternity step by step": an example of effective solution for the prevention, diagnostics and treatment of prenatal and postpartum depression.
CONCLUSIONS: Conducted analyses showed that the implemented program is characterized by high effectiveness and may be recommended for the continuation in the subsequent years. It may be considered as asolution for changes in the new standards for perinatal care in Poland. PMID: 33038891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - October 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 32772052 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health.
Authors: Heitzman J Abstract Human confrontation with such a stressor as the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, manifested in severe acute respiratory distress, results also in the decrease of fitness and mental resistance on an unprecedented scale and with difficult to estimate consequences [1]. More important than the intensity of the disorder is its prevalence. When we compare our current knowledge of the impact of the pandemic on the development of mental disorders with the findings of research on acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) over the last 40 years, i...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The use of buprenorphine in the treatment of drug-resistant depression - an overview of the studies.
Authors: Stefanowski B, Antosik-Wójcińska A, Święcicki Ł Abstract There is evidence that the endogenous opioid system in the brain plays an important role in mood regulation, and disturbances in its functioning may lead to the occurrence of depressive disorders. One of the drugs that affect the endogenous opioid system in the CNS is buprenorphine. The article is areview of the studies on the effectiveness of buprenorphine used as an augmentation of antidepressant treatment. The selection of articles was made by browsing the Medline and PubMed databases with the use of key words 'buprenorphine'and 'treatm...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Nesfatin-1 in the neurochemistry of eating disorders.
Authors: Pałasz A, Rojczyk E, Siwiec A, Janas-Kozik M Abstract The vast majority of new neuropeptides feature unique biochemical properties as well as awide spectrum of physiological activity applied in numerous neuronal pathways, including hypothalamus and the limbic system. Special interest should be paid to nesfatin-1 - the relatively recently discovered and still intensively studied regulatory factor and a potential modulator of eating behaviors. New information about it now allows to consider this neuropeptide as a potentially important factor involved in the pathogenesis of many different mental disorders. T...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

A multi-perspective analysis of dissemination, etiology, clinical view and therapeutic approach for binge eating disorder (BED).
Authors: Jowik K, Dutkiewicz A, Słopień A, Tyszkiewicz-Nwafor M Abstract Eating disorders (ED) constitute the third most common group of chronic diseases among people aged 14-19 years after asthma and obesity, and one of their forms is binge eating disorder (BED). The purpose of the present review was to summarize new research findings on BED and overview the epidemiology, characteristics, criteria, etiopathogenesis, and treatment. Etiopathogenesis of BED is still poorly understood, and the current state of knowledge leads to the conclusion that the pathomechanism of the development and persistence of the symptom...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Coexistence of the features of perfectionism and anorexia readiness in school youth.
CONCLUSIONS: (1) A high level of anorexia readiness coexists with the parents' high level of criticism and their high expectations. (2) A high level of anorexia readiness coexists with excessive concern about one's own mistakes and doubts about actions. (3) The perception of one's own attractiveness coexists with excessive concern about one's own mistakes and excessive criticism on the part of the parents. (4) The higher the tendency to reduce weight, the deeper the concern about one's own mistakes and doubts about actions. (5) The individuals with a high level of anorexia readiness in comparison with the individuals with ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The incidence of eating disorders among upper secondary school female students.
Authors: Kotwas A, Karakiewicz-Krawczyk K, Zabielska P, Jurczak A, Bażydło M, Karakiewicz B Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the incidence and prevalence of eating disorders in the population of Polish upper secondary school female students, while considering the type of school and living conditions. METHODS: The investigations of eating disorders were conducted between March and June 2017 and covered female students of the upper secondary schools of Szczecin. Selection for the survey was multistep. 1,750 questionnaires were included in the analysis. The study used a tool for s...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Drinking alcohol as a way of coping with stress in students of medical faculties.
CONCLUSIONS: Lack of correlations may indicate that the studied group used coping strategies other than alcohol drinking. It is essential to create environment for medical students, that would enhance healthy stress coping strategies and promote early prevention. PMID: 32772059 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Anxiety in persons with visual impairment.
Authors: Binder KW, Wrzesińska MA, Kocur J Abstract Anxiety and anxiety disorders among people with visual impairment are more frequent than in the general population. It is estimated that . of people with visual impairment face depression and/or anxiety, whereas 4-6% of people are diagnosed with anxiety disorders. The purpose of this paper is analyzing the occurrence of anxiety in people with visual impairment based on current information. Literature review indicates that people with visual impairment experience the common, as well as the more specific, often chronic anxiety symptoms. Despite the significance of ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Mood disorders and cognitive impairment in the course of increasing disability in patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
CONCLUSIONS: (1) The gradually developing motor neuron loss of the anterior horns of the spinal cord is reflected in physical fitness impairment in the ALS patients. (2) The exacerbation of cognitive impairment accompanies the intensifying physical disability. (3) The exacerbation of depression in the course of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is of transient nature. PMID: 32772061 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Correlates of respiratory admissions frequency in patients with obstructive lung diseases: coping styles, personality and anxiety.
CONCLUSIONS: The obtained results may indicate the need to offer patients with respiratory diseases psychotherapeutic activities aimed at building a more constructive functioning, reducing anxiety, increasing the sense of control. PMID: 32772062 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The change in the intensity of symptoms in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder after "Workshops for Parents of Hyperactive Children".
CONCLUSIONS: The therapeutic program used in our study resulted in small to moderate reduction of symptoms in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder irrespective of subtype, comorbid disorders or pharmacotherapy (if implemented). PMID: 32772063 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Selective mutism - an overview of the condition and etiology: is the absence of speech just the tip of the iceberg?
Authors: Rozenek EB, Orlof W, Nowicka ZM, Wilczyńska K, Waszkiewicz N Abstract The inability to speak in certain situations, as one may briefly characterize selective mutism (SM), according to the most recent classifications (DSM-5, ICD-11) belongs to the anxiety disorder spectrum. The onset of mutism in early childhood may impair further development and adversely affect educational achievements. It is essential that psychiatrists, as well as other physicians, speech therapists, nurses and teachers are familiar with this disorder, since the early start of treatment is associated with better prognosis. This literat...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

New regulations regarding e-prescriptions may increase the risk of acute withdrawal syndromes in patients dependent on benzodiazepines or non-benzodiazepine hypnotics.
Authors: Silczuk A, Heitzman JP Abstract The implementation of solutions in the area of e-health and use of electronically issued prescription obligations meets the modern requirements of the healthcare system. Adigital record of theissued prescriptions aims atpreventing prescriptions from being traded without a physician's name in patient medical records. Access to the system may in turn reveal doctors' bad practices, and fear of the professional and legal consequences may force achange in the prescription of benzodiazepines or non-benzodiazepine hypnotics. The effect of these activities may be the disclosure of m...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Characteristic of neuropsychological deficits in patients diagnosed with manganese encephalopathy due to ephedrone use - case series analysis.
Authors: Kałwa A Abstract AIM: The study presents neuropsychological characteristic of 16 individuals with manganese-induced parkinsonism due to intravenous ephedrone use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Overall cognitive function screening as well as full examination of various cognitive domains (verbal learning, visual memory, working memory, executive functions, construction and visuospatial functions) with the use of elastic neuropsychological test battery were performed. Dyshartric speech disorders were also precisely evaluated. Additionally, all individuals filled in the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), which is u...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Ayahuasca - potential therapeutic properties in psychiatry. Research review.
Authors: Barabasz-Gembczyk A, Kucia K Abstract Ayahuasca, also known as "the liana of the soul" and "the vine of the soul" is a ritual psychedelic traditionally administered in the form of plant decoction, used by the indigenous people of South America for centuries, and in the last 25 years also in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Canada, and the United States. Its biological activity results from the content of N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), acting mainly as a non-selective agonist of serotonin receptors and beta-carboline alkaloids, which are strong and short-acting monoamine oxidase type A(MA...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Letter to Editor. Polish recommendations for conducting online visits in psychiatric care.
Authors: Krzystanek M, Matuszczyk M, Krupka-Matuszczyk I, Koźmin-Burzyńska A, Segiet S, Przybyło J Abstract no summary. PMID: 32772068 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 32447352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

ICD-11 vs. ICD-10 - a review of updates and novelties introduced in the latest version of the WHO International Classification of Diseases.
Authors: Krawczyk P, Święcicki Ł Abstract In June 2018, WHO published the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The new edition introduced numerous changes. One of the most important was to rebuild the coding system and adapt ICD to digital use. A reconstruction of the coding system enabled more comprehensive alphanumeric coding of complex clinical situations by the introduction of cluster coding. The chapter on mental disorders has also changed. ICD-11 has been updated to take into account the results of international expert cooperation and new information on mental disorders. Many...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The role of eugeroics in the treatment of affective disorders.
Authors: Urban AE, Cubała WJ Abstract Eugeroics are a relatively new class of wakefulness-promoting agents. Thegroup includes adrafinil, modafinil and armodafinil. Modafinil is the most widely used and the best studied agent. Indications for the use of modafinil include the treatment of narcolepsy, shift-work sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. Many studies show the utility of modafinil and armodafinil in the treatment of depression - both in monotherapy andas potentiation therapy if needed. Modafinil has proven to be effective in the treatment of residual symp...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Clinical picture and treatment of bipolar affective disorder in children and adolescents.
Authors: Cichoń L, Janas-Kozik M, Siwiec A, Rybakowski JK Abstract Bipolar disorder (BD) is characterized by pathological changes in mood as well as recurring episodes of mania, hypomania, depression and mixed symptoms. In recent years, the number of BD diagnoses has risen considerably in children and adolescents. Itis believed that anaverage rate of prevalence of bipolar spectrum disorder in the pediatric population is 1.8%, and BD type I - 1.2%, and the prevalence of the disorder increases with the age of patients. Despite the same diagnostic criteria, there are premises that suggest thatthe symptoms of the diso...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Mental disorders in patients with epilepsy.
Authors: Jeżowska-Jurczyk K, Kotas R, Jurczyk P, Nowakowska-Kotas M, Budrewicz S, Pokryszko-Dragan A Abstract Mental disorders occur in patients with epilepsy significantly more frequently than in the general population or in those with other chronic diseases. The specificity of epilepsy as a condition of the central nervous system with complex somatic, psychic and social consequences contributes to co-occurrence of these disorders. Moreover, common patomechanisms are suggested for epilepsy and mental disorders, associated with disturbances of bioelectrical activity and neurotransmission in certain areas of the br...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Depression in Tourette Syndrome.
Authors: Małek A, Golińska P Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to show relationship between severity of depressive symptoms and the severity of tics, declared feeling of stigmatization and feelings about the body. METHODS: The study included 13 people with Tourette syndrome and 13 people in a comparative group - matching method, taking into account compatibility of gender, age, number of years of education, and size of the place of residence. The study used: Polish adaptation of the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS), Questionnaire for Measuring Depression (Kwestionariusz do Pomiaru Depresji -K...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the General Functioning Questionnaire (GFQ-58) used for screening for symptoms of psychopathology and overall level of functioning.
Authors: Styła R, Kowalski J Abstract OBJECTIVES: Measuring severity of psychopathological symptoms using self-assessment questionnaires is important for clinical and scientific research. However, there is no widely-available Polish tool which measures both overall functioning and severity of a broad spectrum of psychopathological symptoms. This paper describesthe designing of such a tool -the General Functioning Questionnaire (GFQ-58). METHODS: Three studies were conducted to verify the validity and reliability of the GFQ-58: (1)a study comparing 30 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and 30 with no psyc...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The Polish adaptation of the Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised by A. Osman et al.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that the Polish adaptation of the SBQ-R by Osman et al. has good psychometric characteristics and can be considered in both research and clinical practice. PMID: 32447359 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The Staff Attitude to Coercion Scale (SACS) - Polish adaptation.
CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric characteristics of the Polish adaptation of the SACS are similar to those reported in the original version. The results allow to recommend the method for scientific research. However, further analyses are necessary to assess validity and discriminative power in larger settings. PMID: 32447360 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Polish version of the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI) by Wegner and Zanakos: factor analysis and reliability.
CONCLUSIONS: The reliability of the Polish version of the WBSI is comparable to the original version. The analysis allowed us to identify a new subscale that may represent the experience of intrusions. The Polish version of the WBSI is characterized by good psychometric properties and may be used to assess intrusions and suppression. PMID: 32447361 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Polish adaptation of the Daily Heterosexist Experiences Questionnaire.
CONCLUSIONS: The Polish adaptation of the DHEQ is characterized by good psychometric properties. The majority of the factors distinguished in the DHEQ are applicable to Polish cultural context. PMID: 32447362 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Psychological impediments to marriage - forensic and psychiatric opinions. Part I.
Authors: Cynkier P Abstract There are two types of proceedings before common courts for annulment of marriages during which expert psychiatrists are appointed. In the first type, the key task of the expert is to assess whether the presence of mental illness or mental retardation at the date of the marriage could possibly pose a threat to the marriage or health of future offspring. The expert performs a retrospective assessment not only of the course and severity of psychiatric disorders strictly distinguished by the legislator, but also their impact on the social functioning of a given person. In the second type of...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Psychological impediments to marriage - forensic and psychiatric opinions. Part II.
Authors: Cynkier P Abstract Episcopal courts adjudicate in proceedings for declaring a marriage void and in these cases psychiatrists and psychologists are appointed as experts. Expert judgment requires the expert to follow a specific substantive approach when preparing the expertise, as well as knowledge of canon legal provisions. Canon law makes validity of a relationship dependent on fulfilment of premises of a valid marriage at the time of the marriage, thus accepting the possibility of an invalid marriage. The so-called consensual and indirectly mental incapacity to marry is dealt with in canon 1,095, which sa...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - May 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Dudek D, Sobański JA, Klasa K Abstract no summary. PMID: 32017811 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Metabolic risk reduction in patients with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotics: recommendations of the Polish Psychiatric Association.
Authors: Wichniak A, Dudek D, Heitzman J, Kapłon-Cieślicka A, Mamcarz A, Samochowiec J, Szulc A, Bieńkowski P Abstract Patients with schizophrenia are susceptible to physical illnesses, which reduces their life expectancy by an average of 20 years compared with the general population. The most common physical illnesses amongst patients with schizophrenia are metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this paper is to present recommendations on metabolic risk reduction in patients with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotics, accepted as a position statement of the Polish Psychiatric Associatio...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The evaluation of the impact of anti-stigma training led by "experts by experience" on participants' attitudes towards persons with mental illness.
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide preliminary empirical evidence that the structured antistigma intervention under evaluation, using the elements of education and interpersonal contact can be an effective tool for improving social attitudes towards people with mental illness. PMID: 32017813 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

Impact of dual diagnosis in patients with schizophrenia and affective disorders during hospital treatment on the course of illness and outcomes of treatment - a preliminary report.
CONCLUSIONS: Due to non-compliance, frequent interruption of treatment, higher suicidal risk in the dual diagnosis group, there is a need of longer inpatient treatment in order to improve mental status, regular pharmacological treatment, provide social support, motivation, and prepare patients for psychotherapy of addiction. It is essential to take actions to create therapeutic standards of treatment and adjust financial funding for this group of patients in Poland. PMID: 32017814 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research

The prevalence of catatonic syndrome in acute psychiatric wards.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of catatonic syndrome in an acute inpatient setting is within the broad range of figures reported in the literature. The difference between the standardized assessment (BFCRS) and routine clinical judgment (DSM-5) is noteworthy and suggests that a significant minority of catatonic patients might not be identified in clinical practice. As acute catatonia can be effectively treated, and early treatment could prevent potentially lifethreatening complications, recognition of catatonic symptoms is vitally important. PMID: 32017815 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychiatria Polska)
Source: Psychiatria Polska - February 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research