[Sleep disorders and addictions: Impact on quality of life and relapse vulnerability].
Abstract There is a bidirectional association between sleep disorders and addiction. Sleep problems negatively impact the quality of life of subjects with addictions (psychological state, pain perception, drug use). Sleep disorders are associated with a higher risk of relapse among sujects with addiction. The association between sleep disorders and relapse may be related to poor quality of life or to a higher level of craving. Maintaining abstinence and reducing craving episodes among subjects with addiction is the first-line treatment to reduce sleep disorders. Specific interventions focused on sleep disorders ar...
Source: Presse Medicale - March 9, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Fatseas M, Kervran C, Auriacombe M Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[How to define treatment-resistant depression?]
PM, Vaiva G, Bougerol T, Aouizerate B, Haffen E Abstract The most largely used definition of the treatment-resistant depression relies on the failure of two successive trials of antidepressant treatment at an adequate dose and duration. The absence of response to previous antidepressant treatments should be assessed using specific and appropriate clinical instruments enabling a correct staging of the therapeutic resistance. A wide range of socio-demographic and clinical factors (i.e. psychiatric/somatic comorbidities) are classically associated with the therapeutic resistance. The aim of the treatment of major dep...
Source: Presse Medicale - March 9, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Holtzmann J, Richieri R, Saba G, Allaïli N, Bation R, Moliere F, Nieto I, Bellivier F, Bennabi D, Bubrovszky M, Camus V, Charpeaud T, Courvoisier P, Haesebaert F, Doumy O, Courtet P, El-Hage W, Garnier M, d'Amato T, Lançon C, Leboyer M, Llorca PM, Vaiva Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Roadmap for therapeutic strategies of treatment resistant depression].
PMID: 26970939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - March 9, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: El-Hage W Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

Classification histologique et altérations moléculaires des histiocytoses.
Classification histologique et altérations moléculaires des histiocytoses. Presse Med. 2016 Mar 4; Authors: Emile JF, Charlotte F, Chassagne-Clement C, Copin MC, Fraitag S, Mokhtari K, Moreau A Abstract Histiocytoses are rare and heterogeneous disease sharing histology, characterized by accumulation of histiocytes. They may be inherited or sporadic, and related to the accumulation of endo- or exogenous material in macrophages or to macrophage activation. Recent discoveries have shown that some histiocytoses, such as Langerhans cell histiocytosis or Erdheim-Chester disease, previously con...
Source: Presse Medicale - March 4, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Emile JF, Charlotte F, Chassagne-Clement C, Copin MC, Fraitag S, Mokhtari K, Moreau A Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Addictions: Motivated or forced care].
Abstract Patients presenting with addictions are often obliged to consult. This constraint can be explicit (partner, children, parents, doctor, police, justice) or can be implicit (for their children, for their families, or for their health). Thus, beyond the fact that the caregiver faces the paradox of caring for subjects who do not ask treatment, he faces as well a double bind considered to be supporter of the social order or helper of patients. The transtheoretical model of change is complex showing us that it was neither fixed in time, nor perpetual for a given individual. This model includes ambivalence, resi...
Source: Presse Medicale - March 1, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Cottencin O, Bence C Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Hypnosis for anxiety and phobic disorders: A review of clinical studies].
CONCLUSION: To date, evidence is negative or insufficient to support the efficacy of hypnosis in chronic anxiety disorders, in any categories whatsoever - including phobia or PTSD. Specific further studies are needed to identify some potential profiles predictive of response to hypnosis in these conditions. PMID: 26944812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - March 1, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Pelissolo A Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Bacterial meningoencephalitis secondary to sinusitis: Imputability of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs?]
PMID: 26944813 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - March 1, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Hyvernat H, Chambon R, Doyen D, Baudin G, Dellamonica J, Bernardin G Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[An uncommon cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage].
PMID: 26922991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 25, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Montelescaut E, Bailly P, Le Calloch R, Thill C, Aries P, Ben Salem D Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[The superior mesenteric artery syndrome: A rare etiology for proximal obstructive syndrome in adult].
PMID: 26922992 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 25, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Triki W, Baraket O, Moussa M, Karray O, Turki M, Bouchoucha S Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Xenon: From rare gaz to doping product].
uel T Abstract Doping is defined as the use of processes or substances to artificially increase physical or mental performance. Xenon is a noble gas used as an anesthetic and recently as a doping agent. Xenon is neuroprotective as an antagonist of NMDA glutamate receptors. Xenon stimulates the synthesis of erythropoietin (EPO) by increase of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF). Xenon would be a new doping product, maintaining doping methods ahead of detection. PMID: 26922993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 25, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tassel C, Le Daré B, Morel I, Gicquel T Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Rosai-Dorfman disease: Sinusal histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy].
nin V Abstract Rosai-Dorfman sinusal histiocytosis is a benign histiocytic disorder presenting as large lymphadenopathies, mostly in the cervical area. Visceral involvement is not unusual. The diagnosis is based on histologic findings, showing intrasinusoidal histiocytic infiltration with pathognomonic emperipolesis features. Histiocytes display a normal activated phenotype. It probably represents a heterogeneous group of diseases with some common histopathologic findings. An association with immunologic abnormalities or auto-immune diseases, mostly auto-immunes cytopenias is possible. This is a criterion of poor ...
Source: Presse Medicale - February 25, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Galicier L, Boutboul D, Oksenhendler É, Fieschi C, Meignin V Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Single center experience with bevacizumab in a cohort of patients treated for a relapsing glioblastoma].
CONCLUSION: This single center retrospective experience suggests that bevacizumab is active for recurrent glioblastoma, in a series of poorly selected patients. Median survival times were in the range of those reported in therapeutic trials. This study questions the validity of usual predictive factors in the era of bevacizumab. PMID: 26916405 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 22, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Mbagui R, Ricard D, Vallard A, Magne N, Dulou R, Lahutte M, Calcina P, Taillia H, Yordanova Y, Delmas JM, Bauduceau O, Chargari C Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[History of physicians who described clinical signs of pyramidal syndrome].
PMID: 26916406 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 22, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Astudillo L, Laure A Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[A cause of unilateral flat foot].
PMID: 26916407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 22, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Chianea H, Derkenne C Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Hereditary peroxisomal diseases].
Abstract Peroxisomes are small intracellular organelles that catalyse key metabolic reactions such as the beta-oxidation of some straight-chain or branched-chain fatty acids and the alpha-oxidation of phytanic acid. These enzyme reactions produce hydrogen peroxide, which is subsequently neutralized by the peroxisomal catalase. Peroxisomes also metabolize glyoxylate to glycine, and catalyze the first steps of plasmalogen biosynthesis. There are more than a dozen inherited peroxisomal disorders in humans. These metabolic diseases are due to monogenic defects that affect either a single function (such as enzyme or a ...
Source: Presse Medicale - February 18, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Astudillo L, Sabourdy F, Touati G, Levade T Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Richner-Hanhart syndrome].
PMID: 26880079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 12, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Zribi H, Souissi A, Azzouz H, Tebib N, Mokni M Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Aphthous ulcers and oral ulcerations].
Abstract Aphthous ulcers are painful ulcerations located on the mucous membrane, generally in the mouth, less often in the genital area. Three clinical forms of aphthous ulcers have been described: minor aphthous ulcers, herpetiform aphthous ulcers and major aphthous ulcers. Many other conditions presenting with oral bullous or vesiculous lesions orulcerations and erosions can be mistaken for aphthous ulcers. Currently, treatment of aphthous ulcers is palliative and symptomatic. Topical treatments (topical anesthetics, topical steroids and sucralfate) are the first line therapy. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS)...
Source: Presse Medicale - February 12, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Vaillant L, Samimi M Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[The NLRP3 inflammasome: Physiopathology and therapeutic application].
Abstract The innate immune system constitutes the first line of host defense against pathogens. "Nonself", such as exogenous particles or pathogens, triggers an inflammatory response. Inflammasomes are molecular platforms activated upon cellular infection or stress that trigger the maturation of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β. Activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway, the most extensively studied, appears to be the corner stone of many inflammatory diseases, including Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis and gout. Cryopyrine-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) are NLRP3 inflammasome-a...
Source: Presse Medicale - February 12, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Gicquel T, Robert S, Victoni T, Lagente V Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder: A case report].
PMID: 26874908 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 10, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Ammar A, Esseghaier S, Daghfous MH Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Persistant Legionella pneumophila and Enterococcus faecium pulmonary infection: Look for an abscess!]
PMID: 26874909 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 10, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Gavand PE, Janssen R, Martin A, Ledoux MP, Schneider F Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Nitrofurantoïne, recommendations to be followed to reduce severe complications occurency risk].
[Nitrofurantoïne, recommendations to be followed to reduce severe complications occurency risk]. Presse Med. 2016 Feb 8; Authors: Renard C, Laigneau MA, Renaudineau E PMID: 26868527 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 8, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Renard C, Laigneau MA, Renaudineau E Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[A resistant diarrhea].
;, Bolot AL PMID: 26857079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 5, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Bardet R, Moreno JP, Rodriguez T, Trémeau AL, Hernandez É, Bolot AL Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Strangulated obturator hernia simulating femoral hernia: A diagnostic challenge].
PMID: 26857081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 5, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Nohuz E, Bojanic V, Nasser S, Aboukassem A, Varga J Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Vulvar lymphangioma circumscriptum following pelvic radiotherapy].
PMID: 26857082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - February 5, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Ramli I, Ismaili N, Amarouch H, Senouci K, Hassam B Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Oral angiomas].
Abstract Hemangiomas are benign tumors that occur after a few days of life. The capillary malformations are isolated or constitute part of a complex angiomatosis. Venous malformations are low flow malformations with a blue color. They are of different types. The arteriovenous malformations are high flow lesions. They are difficult to treat. Lymphatic malformations are micro- or macrocystic. MRI is the gold standard for explorations. Some patients undergo maxillofacial surgical procedures and interventional radiology techniques for venous malformations, macrocystic lymphatic malformations, arteriovenous malformatio...
Source: Presse Medicale - February 5, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Lorette G, Goga D, Le Touze A, Maruani A, Herbreteau D Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[State of knowledge on sedentary behaviors].
Abstract Sedentary behaviors refer to any waking activity characterized by an energy expenditure ≤1.5metabolic equivalent and a sitting or lying posture. Recent epidemiological data reported that in North America and Europe, citizens spend between 8 and 11hours sitting per day. Sedentary behaviors and physical activity can coexist in the same person. It is possible to spend a lot of time sitting each day while completing recommendations for regular physical activity. Adverse health effects of sedentary behaviors are in part independent of the physical activity level. The physiological implications associat...
Source: Presse Medicale - February 4, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Chevance G, Foucaut AM, Bernard P Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Oral viral infections].
Abstract Exclude herpes infection in the presence of acute oral ulcers of unknown origin, particularly in patients in poor general condition. Remember that asymptomatic HSV-1 shedding in saliva may result in an oral-genital transmission. Perform an anogenital examination and a screening for other sexually transmitted diseases when oral warts are diagnosed. Search for immunosuppression and monitor the patient (screening for a potential associated carcinoma) when there is rapid growth of oral warts. Consider all the clinical signs (systemic, skin, other mucosa, immunity…) when a patient has an enanthem o...
Source: Presse Medicale - February 4, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Parent D Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Familial acute ascending paralysis recurring with fever].
PMID: 26830920 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - January 29, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Poidevin A, Mootien Y, Egard M, Cohen E, Guiot P, Mathien C Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

A hemophagocytosis syndrome attributed to phenobarbital.
m A PMID: 26830921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - January 29, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Lakhoua G, Aouinti I, Sahnoun R, Kastalli S, Daghfous R, Zaïem A Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Ultra-low dose chest CT: The end of chest radiograph?]
Abstract Ultra-low dose chest CT (ULD-CT) is acquired at a radiation dose lowered to that of a PA and lateral chest X-ray. Its image quality is degraded, yet remains diagnostic in many clinical indications. Technological improvements, with iterative reconstruction at the foreground, allowed a strong increase in the image quality obtained with this examination, which is achievable on most recent (35) and the interstitial pneumonia, situations in which their performances are insufficient. PMID: 26830922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - January 29, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Ludes C, Schaal M, Labani A, Jeung MY, Roy C, Ohana M Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

Transient global amnesia revealing multiple sclerosis.
PMID: 26830923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - January 29, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Ozkul-Wermester O, Lefaucheur R, Macaigne V, Guegan-Massardier E, Bourre B Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Primary muscle hydatid cyst: About 3 cases].
[Primary muscle hydatid cyst: About 3 cases]. Presse Med. 2016 Jan 29; Authors: Aït-Ammar N, Prigent G, Zehou O, Le Mouel S, Chader H, Botterel F PMID: 26830924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - January 29, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Aït-Ammar N, Prigent G, Zehou O, Le Mouel S, Chader H, Botterel F Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Crohn's disease: Vulvar edema and swelling].
PMID: 26830925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - January 29, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Abdou A, Zaouri H, El Moussaoui N, Senouci K, Hassam B, Ismaili N Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Intracardiac catheter migration revealed by an ischemic stroke].
PMID: 26826896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - January 27, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Faroux L, Domnariu PA, Chabert JP, Rubin S, Metz D Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

Secondary prevention program for osteoporotic fractures at Lille University Hospital.
PMID: 26826897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - January 27, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Abbad N, Lemeunier L, Chantelot C, Puisieux F, Cortet B Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Asbestos and respiratory diseases].
Abstract Previous occupational asbestos exposure (more rarely environmental or domestic exposure) may induce various pleural and/or pulmonary, benign or malignant diseases, sometimes with a very long latency for malignant mesothelioma (MM). Asbestos has been widely extracted and used in Western countries and in emerging or developing countries, resulting in a peak of MM incidence in France around 2020 and likely in a world pandemic of asbestos-induced diseases. These patients have mostly benign respiratory diseases (pleural plugs) but may also be diagnosed with lung cancer or malignant pleural mesothelioma, a...
Source: Presse Medicale - January 25, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Scherpereel A Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Disagreements between GP trainees and their seniors. Management and impacts on the hidden curriculum. Qualitative study of 37 situations in Paris].
[Disagreements between GP trainees and their seniors. Management and impacts on the hidden curriculum. Qualitative study of 37 situations in Paris]. Presse Med. 2016 Jan 15; Authors: Galam É, Multon R Abstract INTEREST OF THE WORK: Disagreements and conflicts have a negative impact on the satisfaction and the performances of working team members. Young doctors in training are part of the health care team. The management of the disagreements with which they are confronted is a part of their professionalization process. OBJECTIVE: To clarify and analyze the disagreements between GP trai...
Source: Presse Medicale - January 15, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Galam É, Multon R Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

Patients', relatives', and practitioners' views of pulmonary arterial hypertension: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest several potential improvements in patient management, especially in order to better tailor treatment to patients' needs and to achieve a more uniform approach to the PAH functional impact assessment process. The findings may also be useful in enhancing therapeutic education for patients and their relatives, and in enabling practitioners to better interpret dyspnea in patients with PAH. Finally, this qualitative database will help in developing patient-reported outcome measures with better content validity. It lays the groundwork for developing new instruments to investigate the impact of PAH...
Source: Presse Medicale - January 13, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Alami S, Cottin V, Mouthon L, Desjeux D, Quessette E, Poiraudeau S, Sitbon O Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Positron emission tomography using fluorine-18-deoxyglucose and diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis recurrence].
PMID: 26777295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - January 5, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Risse J, Martin-Bertaux A, Nicolas A, Olivier P, Wahl D Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Vaccines against Herpes zoster: Effectiveness, safety, and cost/benefit ratio].
CONCLUSION: Despite controversy and few uncertainties, the vaccine significantly reduces herpes zoster and its complication incidence. In terms of public health objectives, it reduces the burden of the disease and has a positive medico-economic impact. Preliminary data concerning the adjuvanted vaccine, whilst very promising, are still too limited. Up to now, no group of people with particularly high risk of herpes zoster-related complication who will beneficiate the most of the vaccination has been identified yet and only an age criteria has been considered for the recommendation. PMID: 26724874 [PubMed - as supplied...
Source: Presse Medicale - December 24, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Ferahta N, Achek I, Dubourg J, Lang PO Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Hemolytic uremic syndrome in young adult with metabolic disorder of cobalamin: A case report].
PMID: 26683540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - December 9, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Medhioub Kaaniche F, Chaari A, Bacouch N, Bahloul M, Bouaziz M Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Cheilitis: Diagnosis and treatment].
Abstract The whole examination of oral cavity, other mucosae and skin is required when managing a cheilitis. Irritants (climatic, mechanical, caustic agents…) constitute the main aetiological factors of cheilitis. Allergic contact cheilitis should be investigated with a detailed anamnesis in order to search any causative agent in contact with the oral mucosae. Patch testing is required to confirm the diagnosis of delayed hypersensivity. Chronic actinic cheilitis occurs mostly in middle-aged, fair-skinned men. It is a potentially malignant condition that requires biopsies to exclude severe dysplasia or carci...
Source: Presse Medicale - December 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Samimi M Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

Anal manifestation of sarcoidosis.
des V PMID: 26654838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - December 4, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Fathallah N, Valeyre D, Lévy M, Fraitag S, de Parades V Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Results of the 2015 national ranking in France].
[Results of the 2015 national ranking in France]. Presse Med. 2015 Dec 2; Authors: Jolly D, Ambrosi P, Chaffanjon P, Dreyfuss D, Le Jeunne C, Lorette G, Obert L, Palombi O, Romanet JP PMID: 26655258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - December 2, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Jolly D, Ambrosi P, Chaffanjon P, Dreyfuss D, Le Jeunne C, Lorette G, Obert L, Palombi O, Romanet JP Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Endocrine disruptors, reproduction and hormone-dependent cancers].
Abstract Endocrine disruptors are natural or synthetic chemical compounds which are present in the environment and which are able to interfere with hormonal regulation pathways and to induce human health deleterious effects. While their precise implication in human health and diseases is still matter of debates, it becomes likely that they have to be considered as risk factors in numerous chronic diseases: developmental and reproductive defects and hormone dependent cancers (present review), metabolic diseases (obesity and type 2 diabetes), neurodevelopmental or neurodegenerative diseases. Low doses expo...
Source: Presse Medicale - December 2, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Fenichel P, Brucker-Davis F, Chevalier N Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Endocrine disruptors: A missing link in the pandemy of type 2 diabetes and obesity?]
[Endocrine disruptors: A missing link in the pandemy of type 2 diabetes and obesity?] Presse Med. 2015 Dec 2; Authors: Chevalier N, Fénichel P Abstract The prevalence of metabolic syndrome, obesity and type 2 diabetes has dramatically increased worldwide during the last few decades and exceeds World Health Organisation's predictions. Lifestyle factors such as decreased physical activity and energy dense diet, together with a genetic predisposition, are well-known actors in the pathophysiology of these metabolic diseases. However, there is accumulating evidence suggesting that the incr...
Source: Presse Medicale - December 2, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Chevalier N, Fénichel P Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[The potential role of microbiota in major psychiatric disorders: Mechanisms, preclinical data, gastro-intestinal comorbidities and therapeutic options].
Abstract While forecasts predict an increase in the prevalence of mental health disorders in the worldwide general population, the response rate to classical psychiatric treatment remains unsatisfactory. Resistance to psychotropic drugs can be due to clinical, pharmacological, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic factors. Among these factors, recent animal findings suggest that microbiota may have an underestimated influence on its host's behavior and on drug metabolism that may explain ineffectiveness or increased side effects of psychiatric medications such as weight gain. The following issues were identified in...
Source: Presse Medicale - November 30, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Fond G, Chevalier G, Eberl G, Leboyer M Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Ultrasound-guided peripheral venous access].
rre S Abstract International guidelines advocate the use of first-line ultrasound for central venous catheter, particularly for the internal jugular vein. The role of ultrasound in peripheral venous access remains questionable. In some specific situations, such as pediatrics, obesity and patients with poor venous network, problems to cannulate peripheral vein may occur. Success rate of peripheral intravenous access increases with the diameter of the vein and for a depth of the vein between 0.3 and 1.5cm. The type of puncture (long-axis or short-axis) and the type of catheters have little influence on the success r...
Source: Presse Medicale - November 26, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Fuzier R, Rougé P, Pierre S Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Rhinocerebral mucormycosis complicating ketoacidosis diabetes].
PMID: 26632090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - November 26, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Berdai MA, Labib S, Harandou M Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

[Niemann-Pick disease mistaken for miliary tuberculosis].
PMID: 26616418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Presse Medicale)
Source: Presse Medicale - November 23, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Racil H, Sahnoun I, Brahem E, Soussi G, Zidi A, Chaouch N, Chabbou A Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research