Intranasale Steroide scheinen bei COVID-19-Kranken mit Anosmie oder Hyposmie keinen positiven Effekt zu haben
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):415-416. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003673.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019445 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003673 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Johann Steurer Source Type: research

The Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):377-382. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003678.ABSTRACTThe Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection Abstract. Long-term consequences are increasingly reported in the current literature after COVID-19 infections. Some patients suffer from persistent pulmonary and extrapulmonary symptoms even months after the acute infection. Pulmonary impairment, but also dysregulation and effects on immune system, cardiovascular system, neurological system, skin and kidney are described or anticipated. This mini review gives a short update to the practitioner about the current knowledge...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Manuela Funke-Chambour Laurence Feldmeyer Robert Hoepner Uyen Huynh-Do Britta Maurer Emrush Rexhaj Thomas Geiser Source Type: research

New-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):355-361. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003688.ABSTRACTNew-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting Abstract. Many people suffer from headaches. Primary (idiopathic) headaches such as migraine and tension type headaches are most common. They may significantly affect occupational and social aspects of daily life, but are usually not dangerous. On the contrary, secondary (symptomatic) headaches may be a symptom for an underlying life-threatening disorder. In these cases, the primary care physician may need to organize certain diagnostic measures such as brain im...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Heiko Pohl Susanne Wegener Source Type: research

The Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):383-390. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003677.ABSTRACTThe Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment Abstract. In clinical practice, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are frequently used for cardiovascular risk prediction. HDL particles perform numerous functions that theoretically protect against atherosclerosis. Accordingly, extensive studies have clearly demonstrated that low HDL-C is an important independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, it is now considered questionable whether very high HDL-C levels are always car...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wijtske Wallimann-Annema Source Type: research

Chigir Yelem ( ችግር የለም) - Mission Report «GOSTAR Jimma 2019»
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):405-414. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003658.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019449 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003658 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nickolaus Heeren Source Type: research

A Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):397-402. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003669.ABSTRACTA Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia Abstract. Sarcoidosis is a rare cause of hypercalcemia, which is in most cases caused by primary hyperparathyroidism or a malignant tumor. Other rare causes include vitamin D intoxication, other granulomatous diseases (such as tuberculosis, or fungal infection) or mutiple myeloma. Because of the broad differential diagnosis, a systematic diagnostic approach is crucial to establish the correct diagnosis. Therapeutic measures include volume replacement and subsequent administration of bisphosphonates. If hypercalcemi...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Luca Emmenegger Alexander Vogetseder Michael Bodmer Source Type: research

CME/Answers: Giant Cell Arteritis
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):373-374. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003668.ABSTRACTCME/Answers: Giant Cell Arteritis Abstract. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common vasculitis among patients over the age of 50. Mainly large vessels are targeted. GCA can be differentiated into cranial and extra-cranial types; thus the symptoms can range from headache, blurred vision and jaw claudication to non-specific symptoms like fatigue, polymyalgia and fever. Complications such as an irreversible loss of vision are critical, which is why timeous diagnosis and treatment are essential. There are some recommendations for treatment, b...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Katrin Reiner Thomas Fehr J ürg Wick Source Type: research

Wie umgehen mit dem Informationsfluss zu COVID-19?
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):353. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003701.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019452 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003701 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Edouard Battegay Source Type: research

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Rare, Often Missed or Over-Diagnosed?
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):391-396. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003660.ABSTRACTThoracic Outlet Syndrome: Rare, Often Missed or Over-Diagnosed? Abstract. The thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) presents with various symptoms caused by compression of the neurovascular bundle in the region of the upper thoracic aperture. Since the pathogenesis also determines the therapy of TOS, the classification according to the affected structure into neurogenic, venous and arterial TOS (nTOS, vTOS and aTOS) is useful. However, mixed forms are often to be assumed, which are then usually also classified under the term 'non-specific or disputed ...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Patrick Dorn Adrian Zehnder Gregor J Kocher Source Type: research

CME Rheumatology 23/Answers: Rheumatoid Arthritis Following COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 Infection
We present in the following a case of ACPA-positive and RF-positive rheumatoid arthritis after an acute COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 infection and discuss the possible association with the infection.PMID:34019443 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003671 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Giorgio Tamborrini Raphael Micheroli Source Type: research

CME Dermatology 23: Hidradenitis suppurativa
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):363-372. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003693.ABSTRACTCME Dermatology 23: Hidradenitis suppurativa Abstract. Hidradenitis suppurativa (Acne inversa) is a chronic skin disease characterized by recurrent inflammatory nodules, abscesses, and scarring mainly in the intertriginous areas. The prevalence is estimated to be 0.05 to 4.1 % worldwide, with women being more commonly affected. The exact pathogenesis remains unknown, but hair follicle occlusion and inflammation seem to be the initiating events. Several epidemiological correlations with smoking and obesity as well as mutations in gamma secretase...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert A Dahmen Stephan Lautenschlager Source Type: research

Intranasale Steroide scheinen bei COVID-19-Kranken mit Anosmie oder Hyposmie keinen positiven Effekt zu haben
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):415-416. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003673.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019445 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003673 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Johann Steurer Source Type: research

The Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):377-382. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003678.ABSTRACTThe Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection Abstract. Long-term consequences are increasingly reported in the current literature after COVID-19 infections. Some patients suffer from persistent pulmonary and extrapulmonary symptoms even months after the acute infection. Pulmonary impairment, but also dysregulation and effects on immune system, cardiovascular system, neurological system, skin and kidney are described or anticipated. This mini review gives a short update to the practitioner about the current knowledge...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Manuela Funke-Chambour Laurence Feldmeyer Robert Hoepner Uyen Huynh-Do Britta Maurer Emrush Rexhaj Thomas Geiser Source Type: research

New-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):355-361. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003688.ABSTRACTNew-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting Abstract. Many people suffer from headaches. Primary (idiopathic) headaches such as migraine and tension type headaches are most common. They may significantly affect occupational and social aspects of daily life, but are usually not dangerous. On the contrary, secondary (symptomatic) headaches may be a symptom for an underlying life-threatening disorder. In these cases, the primary care physician may need to organize certain diagnostic measures such as brain im...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Heiko Pohl Susanne Wegener Source Type: research

The Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):383-390. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003677.ABSTRACTThe Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment Abstract. In clinical practice, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are frequently used for cardiovascular risk prediction. HDL particles perform numerous functions that theoretically protect against atherosclerosis. Accordingly, extensive studies have clearly demonstrated that low HDL-C is an important independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, it is now considered questionable whether very high HDL-C levels are always car...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wijtske Wallimann-Annema Source Type: research

Chigir Yelem ( ችግር የለም) - Mission Report «GOSTAR Jimma 2019»
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):405-414. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003658.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019449 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003658 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nickolaus Heeren Source Type: research

A Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):397-402. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003669.ABSTRACTA Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia Abstract. Sarcoidosis is a rare cause of hypercalcemia, which is in most cases caused by primary hyperparathyroidism or a malignant tumor. Other rare causes include vitamin D intoxication, other granulomatous diseases (such as tuberculosis, or fungal infection) or mutiple myeloma. Because of the broad differential diagnosis, a systematic diagnostic approach is crucial to establish the correct diagnosis. Therapeutic measures include volume replacement and subsequent administration of bisphosphonates. If hypercalcemi...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Luca Emmenegger Alexander Vogetseder Michael Bodmer Source Type: research

CME/Answers: Giant Cell Arteritis
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):373-374. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003668.ABSTRACTCME/Answers: Giant Cell Arteritis Abstract. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common vasculitis among patients over the age of 50. Mainly large vessels are targeted. GCA can be differentiated into cranial and extra-cranial types; thus the symptoms can range from headache, blurred vision and jaw claudication to non-specific symptoms like fatigue, polymyalgia and fever. Complications such as an irreversible loss of vision are critical, which is why timeous diagnosis and treatment are essential. There are some recommendations for treatment, b...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Katrin Reiner Thomas Fehr J ürg Wick Source Type: research

Wie umgehen mit dem Informationsfluss zu COVID-19?
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):353. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003701.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019452 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003701 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Edouard Battegay Source Type: research

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Rare, Often Missed or Over-Diagnosed?
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):391-396. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003660.ABSTRACTThoracic Outlet Syndrome: Rare, Often Missed or Over-Diagnosed? Abstract. The thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) presents with various symptoms caused by compression of the neurovascular bundle in the region of the upper thoracic aperture. Since the pathogenesis also determines the therapy of TOS, the classification according to the affected structure into neurogenic, venous and arterial TOS (nTOS, vTOS and aTOS) is useful. However, mixed forms are often to be assumed, which are then usually also classified under the term 'non-specific or disputed ...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Patrick Dorn Adrian Zehnder Gregor J Kocher Source Type: research

CME Rheumatology 23/Answers: Rheumatoid Arthritis Following COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 Infection
We present in the following a case of ACPA-positive and RF-positive rheumatoid arthritis after an acute COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 infection and discuss the possible association with the infection.PMID:34019443 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003671 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Giorgio Tamborrini Raphael Micheroli Source Type: research

CME Dermatology 23: Hidradenitis suppurativa
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):363-372. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003693.ABSTRACTCME Dermatology 23: Hidradenitis suppurativa Abstract. Hidradenitis suppurativa (Acne inversa) is a chronic skin disease characterized by recurrent inflammatory nodules, abscesses, and scarring mainly in the intertriginous areas. The prevalence is estimated to be 0.05 to 4.1 % worldwide, with women being more commonly affected. The exact pathogenesis remains unknown, but hair follicle occlusion and inflammation seem to be the initiating events. Several epidemiological correlations with smoking and obesity as well as mutations in gamma secretase...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert A Dahmen Stephan Lautenschlager Source Type: research

Intranasale Steroide scheinen bei COVID-19-Kranken mit Anosmie oder Hyposmie keinen positiven Effekt zu haben
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):415-416. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003673.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019445 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003673 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Johann Steurer Source Type: research

The Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):377-382. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003678.ABSTRACTThe Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection Abstract. Long-term consequences are increasingly reported in the current literature after COVID-19 infections. Some patients suffer from persistent pulmonary and extrapulmonary symptoms even months after the acute infection. Pulmonary impairment, but also dysregulation and effects on immune system, cardiovascular system, neurological system, skin and kidney are described or anticipated. This mini review gives a short update to the practitioner about the current knowledge...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Manuela Funke-Chambour Laurence Feldmeyer Robert Hoepner Uyen Huynh-Do Britta Maurer Emrush Rexhaj Thomas Geiser Source Type: research

New-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):355-361. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003688.ABSTRACTNew-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting Abstract. Many people suffer from headaches. Primary (idiopathic) headaches such as migraine and tension type headaches are most common. They may significantly affect occupational and social aspects of daily life, but are usually not dangerous. On the contrary, secondary (symptomatic) headaches may be a symptom for an underlying life-threatening disorder. In these cases, the primary care physician may need to organize certain diagnostic measures such as brain im...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Heiko Pohl Susanne Wegener Source Type: research

The Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):383-390. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003677.ABSTRACTThe Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment Abstract. In clinical practice, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are frequently used for cardiovascular risk prediction. HDL particles perform numerous functions that theoretically protect against atherosclerosis. Accordingly, extensive studies have clearly demonstrated that low HDL-C is an important independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, it is now considered questionable whether very high HDL-C levels are always car...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wijtske Wallimann-Annema Source Type: research

Chigir Yelem ( ችግር የለም) - Mission Report «GOSTAR Jimma 2019»
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):405-414. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003658.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019449 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003658 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nickolaus Heeren Source Type: research

A Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):397-402. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003669.ABSTRACTA Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia Abstract. Sarcoidosis is a rare cause of hypercalcemia, which is in most cases caused by primary hyperparathyroidism or a malignant tumor. Other rare causes include vitamin D intoxication, other granulomatous diseases (such as tuberculosis, or fungal infection) or mutiple myeloma. Because of the broad differential diagnosis, a systematic diagnostic approach is crucial to establish the correct diagnosis. Therapeutic measures include volume replacement and subsequent administration of bisphosphonates. If hypercalcemi...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Luca Emmenegger Alexander Vogetseder Michael Bodmer Source Type: research

CME/Answers: Giant Cell Arteritis
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):373-374. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003668.ABSTRACTCME/Answers: Giant Cell Arteritis Abstract. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common vasculitis among patients over the age of 50. Mainly large vessels are targeted. GCA can be differentiated into cranial and extra-cranial types; thus the symptoms can range from headache, blurred vision and jaw claudication to non-specific symptoms like fatigue, polymyalgia and fever. Complications such as an irreversible loss of vision are critical, which is why timeous diagnosis and treatment are essential. There are some recommendations for treatment, b...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Katrin Reiner Thomas Fehr J ürg Wick Source Type: research

Wie umgehen mit dem Informationsfluss zu COVID-19?
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):353. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003701.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019452 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003701 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Edouard Battegay Source Type: research

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Rare, Often Missed or Over-Diagnosed?
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):391-396. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003660.ABSTRACTThoracic Outlet Syndrome: Rare, Often Missed or Over-Diagnosed? Abstract. The thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) presents with various symptoms caused by compression of the neurovascular bundle in the region of the upper thoracic aperture. Since the pathogenesis also determines the therapy of TOS, the classification according to the affected structure into neurogenic, venous and arterial TOS (nTOS, vTOS and aTOS) is useful. However, mixed forms are often to be assumed, which are then usually also classified under the term 'non-specific or disputed ...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Patrick Dorn Adrian Zehnder Gregor J Kocher Source Type: research

CME Rheumatology 23/Answers: Rheumatoid Arthritis Following COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 Infection
We present in the following a case of ACPA-positive and RF-positive rheumatoid arthritis after an acute COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 infection and discuss the possible association with the infection.PMID:34019443 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003671 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Giorgio Tamborrini Raphael Micheroli Source Type: research

CME Dermatology 23: Hidradenitis suppurativa
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):363-372. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003693.ABSTRACTCME Dermatology 23: Hidradenitis suppurativa Abstract. Hidradenitis suppurativa (Acne inversa) is a chronic skin disease characterized by recurrent inflammatory nodules, abscesses, and scarring mainly in the intertriginous areas. The prevalence is estimated to be 0.05 to 4.1 % worldwide, with women being more commonly affected. The exact pathogenesis remains unknown, but hair follicle occlusion and inflammation seem to be the initiating events. Several epidemiological correlations with smoking and obesity as well as mutations in gamma secretase...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert A Dahmen Stephan Lautenschlager Source Type: research

Intranasale Steroide scheinen bei COVID-19-Kranken mit Anosmie oder Hyposmie keinen positiven Effekt zu haben
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):415-416. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003673.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019445 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003673 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Johann Steurer Source Type: research

The Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):377-382. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003678.ABSTRACTThe Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection Abstract. Long-term consequences are increasingly reported in the current literature after COVID-19 infections. Some patients suffer from persistent pulmonary and extrapulmonary symptoms even months after the acute infection. Pulmonary impairment, but also dysregulation and effects on immune system, cardiovascular system, neurological system, skin and kidney are described or anticipated. This mini review gives a short update to the practitioner about the current knowledge...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Manuela Funke-Chambour Laurence Feldmeyer Robert Hoepner Uyen Huynh-Do Britta Maurer Emrush Rexhaj Thomas Geiser Source Type: research

New-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):355-361. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003688.ABSTRACTNew-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting Abstract. Many people suffer from headaches. Primary (idiopathic) headaches such as migraine and tension type headaches are most common. They may significantly affect occupational and social aspects of daily life, but are usually not dangerous. On the contrary, secondary (symptomatic) headaches may be a symptom for an underlying life-threatening disorder. In these cases, the primary care physician may need to organize certain diagnostic measures such as brain im...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Heiko Pohl Susanne Wegener Source Type: research

The Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):383-390. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003677.ABSTRACTThe Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment Abstract. In clinical practice, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are frequently used for cardiovascular risk prediction. HDL particles perform numerous functions that theoretically protect against atherosclerosis. Accordingly, extensive studies have clearly demonstrated that low HDL-C is an important independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, it is now considered questionable whether very high HDL-C levels are always car...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wijtske Wallimann-Annema Source Type: research

Chigir Yelem ( ችግር የለም) - Mission Report «GOSTAR Jimma 2019»
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):405-414. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003658.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019449 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003658 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nickolaus Heeren Source Type: research

A Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):397-402. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003669.ABSTRACTA Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia Abstract. Sarcoidosis is a rare cause of hypercalcemia, which is in most cases caused by primary hyperparathyroidism or a malignant tumor. Other rare causes include vitamin D intoxication, other granulomatous diseases (such as tuberculosis, or fungal infection) or mutiple myeloma. Because of the broad differential diagnosis, a systematic diagnostic approach is crucial to establish the correct diagnosis. Therapeutic measures include volume replacement and subsequent administration of bisphosphonates. If hypercalcemi...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Luca Emmenegger Alexander Vogetseder Michael Bodmer Source Type: research

CME/Answers: Giant Cell Arteritis
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):373-374. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003668.ABSTRACTCME/Answers: Giant Cell Arteritis Abstract. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common vasculitis among patients over the age of 50. Mainly large vessels are targeted. GCA can be differentiated into cranial and extra-cranial types; thus the symptoms can range from headache, blurred vision and jaw claudication to non-specific symptoms like fatigue, polymyalgia and fever. Complications such as an irreversible loss of vision are critical, which is why timeous diagnosis and treatment are essential. There are some recommendations for treatment, b...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Katrin Reiner Thomas Fehr J ürg Wick Source Type: research

Wie umgehen mit dem Informationsfluss zu COVID-19?
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):353. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003701.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019452 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003701 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Edouard Battegay Source Type: research

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Rare, Often Missed or Over-Diagnosed?
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):391-396. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003660.ABSTRACTThoracic Outlet Syndrome: Rare, Often Missed or Over-Diagnosed? Abstract. The thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) presents with various symptoms caused by compression of the neurovascular bundle in the region of the upper thoracic aperture. Since the pathogenesis also determines the therapy of TOS, the classification according to the affected structure into neurogenic, venous and arterial TOS (nTOS, vTOS and aTOS) is useful. However, mixed forms are often to be assumed, which are then usually also classified under the term 'non-specific or disputed ...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Patrick Dorn Adrian Zehnder Gregor J Kocher Source Type: research

CME Rheumatology 23/Answers: Rheumatoid Arthritis Following COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 Infection
We present in the following a case of ACPA-positive and RF-positive rheumatoid arthritis after an acute COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 infection and discuss the possible association with the infection.PMID:34019443 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003671 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Giorgio Tamborrini Raphael Micheroli Source Type: research

CME Dermatology 23: Hidradenitis suppurativa
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):363-372. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003693.ABSTRACTCME Dermatology 23: Hidradenitis suppurativa Abstract. Hidradenitis suppurativa (Acne inversa) is a chronic skin disease characterized by recurrent inflammatory nodules, abscesses, and scarring mainly in the intertriginous areas. The prevalence is estimated to be 0.05 to 4.1 % worldwide, with women being more commonly affected. The exact pathogenesis remains unknown, but hair follicle occlusion and inflammation seem to be the initiating events. Several epidemiological correlations with smoking and obesity as well as mutations in gamma secretase...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Robert A Dahmen Stephan Lautenschlager Source Type: research

Intranasale Steroide scheinen bei COVID-19-Kranken mit Anosmie oder Hyposmie keinen positiven Effekt zu haben
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):415-416. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003673.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019445 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003673 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Johann Steurer Source Type: research

The Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):377-382. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003678.ABSTRACTThe Long-COVID Syndrome - a New Clinical Picture after COVID-19 Infection Abstract. Long-term consequences are increasingly reported in the current literature after COVID-19 infections. Some patients suffer from persistent pulmonary and extrapulmonary symptoms even months after the acute infection. Pulmonary impairment, but also dysregulation and effects on immune system, cardiovascular system, neurological system, skin and kidney are described or anticipated. This mini review gives a short update to the practitioner about the current knowledge...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Manuela Funke-Chambour Laurence Feldmeyer Robert Hoepner Uyen Huynh-Do Britta Maurer Emrush Rexhaj Thomas Geiser Source Type: research

New-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):355-361. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003688.ABSTRACTNew-Onset Headache in Adults: Evidence-Based Assessment in the Primary Care Setting Abstract. Many people suffer from headaches. Primary (idiopathic) headaches such as migraine and tension type headaches are most common. They may significantly affect occupational and social aspects of daily life, but are usually not dangerous. On the contrary, secondary (symptomatic) headaches may be a symptom for an underlying life-threatening disorder. In these cases, the primary care physician may need to organize certain diagnostic measures such as brain im...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Heiko Pohl Susanne Wegener Source Type: research

The Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):383-390. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003677.ABSTRACTThe Current Significance of Measuring HDL-Cholesterol in Cardiovascular Risk Assessment Abstract. In clinical practice, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are frequently used for cardiovascular risk prediction. HDL particles perform numerous functions that theoretically protect against atherosclerosis. Accordingly, extensive studies have clearly demonstrated that low HDL-C is an important independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, it is now considered questionable whether very high HDL-C levels are always car...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Wijtske Wallimann-Annema Source Type: research

Chigir Yelem ( ችግር የለም) - Mission Report «GOSTAR Jimma 2019»
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):405-414. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003658.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34019449 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003658 (Source: Praxis)
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nickolaus Heeren Source Type: research

A Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia
Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021;110(7):397-402. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003669.ABSTRACTA Rare Cause of Hypercalcemia Abstract. Sarcoidosis is a rare cause of hypercalcemia, which is in most cases caused by primary hyperparathyroidism or a malignant tumor. Other rare causes include vitamin D intoxication, other granulomatous diseases (such as tuberculosis, or fungal infection) or mutiple myeloma. Because of the broad differential diagnosis, a systematic diagnostic approach is crucial to establish the correct diagnosis. Therapeutic measures include volume replacement and subsequent administration of bisphosphonates. If hypercalcemi...
Source: Praxis - May 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Authors: Luca Emmenegger Alexander Vogetseder Michael Bodmer Source Type: research