Corrigenda
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - December 12, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Corrigendum
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - December 12, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Porciuncula F, Roto AV, Kumar D, et al. Wearable movement sensors for rehabilitation: a focused review of technological and clinical advances. PM R 2018;10:S220-S232.
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - December 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Spiess MR, Steenbrink F, Esquenazi A. Getting the best out of advances rehabilitation technology for the lower limbs: minding motor learning principles. PM R 2018;10:S165-S173.
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - December 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

O'Neil O, Fernandez MM, Herzog J, et al. Virtual reality for neurorehabilitation: insights from 3 European clinics. PM R 2018;10:S198-S206
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - December 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Academy News – November PM&R
Publication date: November 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 11Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Copyright Page
Publication date: November 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 11Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: November 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 11Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Publication date: November 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 11Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Frailty in a Post-Acute Care Population: A Scoping Review
Publication date: November 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 11Author(s): Pamela S. Roberts, Manoj Goud, Harriet Udin Aronow, Richard V. RiggsAbstractFrailty is a complex and growing phenomenon facing health care providers throughout the continuum of care. Frailty is not well understood in post-acute care (PAC) settings. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize current evidence of frailty impact on outcomes and frailty mitigation initiatives in PAC. Three major publication databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2017 that identified 18 articles specifically addressing frailty in PAC. Three themes ...
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Virtual Reality in Rehabilitation—Using Technology to Enhance Function
Publication date: November 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 11Author(s): Sandeep K. Subramanian (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Control Mechanisms of Static and Dynamic Balance in Adults With and Without Vestibular Dysfunction in Oculus Virtual Environments
ConclusionVirtual reality paradigms can shed light on the control mechanism of static and dynamic postural control. Clinical utility and implementation of our portable Oculus Rift assessment should be further studied.Level of EvidenceII (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Barriers, Facilitators and Interventions to Support Virtual Reality Implementation in Rehabilitation: A Scoping Review
Publication date: November 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 11Author(s): Stephanie Miranda Nadine Glegg, Danielle Elaine LevacAbstractVirtual reality and active video games (VR/AVGs) are promising rehabilitation tools because of their potential to facilitate abundant, motivating, and feedback-rich practice. However, clinical adoption remains low despite a growing evidence base and the recent development of clinically accessible and rehabilitation-specific VR/AVG systems. Given clinicians’ eagerness for resources to support VR/AVG use, a critical need exists for knowledge translation (KT) interventions to facili...
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

PlayBionic: Game-Based Interventions to Encourage Patient Engagement and Performance in Prosthetic Motor Rehabilitation
ConclusionGame-based interventions provide a useful addition to standard EMG training and can achieve better results in clinical outcome measures. The racing and music game genres provide solid starting points for interventions. Further studies can look at a wider range of genres and identify more specific game mechanics suitable for training.Level of EvidenceI (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Virtual Reality and Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Stroke: How Effective Is Their Combination for Upper Limb Motor Improvement?—A Meta-Analysis
ConclusionsPreliminary evidence supports the effectiveness of this combination in subacute stroke. Emergent questions need to be addressed to derive maximum benefit of this combination to augment post-stroke UL motor improvement.Level of EvidenceI (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Three Epidural Steroid Techniques
Publication date: November 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 11Author(s): Zachary McCormick, George C. Chang Chien, Mary So, Resham Datta, Jaspal Ricky Singh (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Spanish Translated Abstracts
Publication date: November 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 11Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 30, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Diminished Kinesthetic and Visual Motor Imagery Ability in Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain
ConclusionsIt appears that patients with CLBP have greater difficulty generating visual and kinesthetic motor images compared with asymptomatic participants, and they also need more time to perform these mental tasks.Level of EvidenceII (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Final Episode (or Not)
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): Stuart M. Weinstein (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Message from the Editor-in-Chief
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): Stuart M. Weinstein (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Dealing With Binary Repeated Measures Data
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): Christophe Toukam Tchakoute, Kristin L. Sainani (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - November 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Amantadine-Induced Corneal Edema in a Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Patient: A Case Report
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): Maria Beran, Britta Okyere, Joshua VovaAbstractAmantadine is commonly prescribed as a neurostimulant in patients with brain injuries. This is a case of a 14-year-old male with a history of brain tumor that developed corneal edema after initiation of amantadine, a rare but documented side effect of this medication. After discontinuation of amantadine, the corneal edema resolved within two months, but endothelial cells density remained low.Level of EvidenceV (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Sonographic Changes After Ultrasound-Guided Release of the Transverse Carpal Ligament: A Case Report
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): Erek W. Latzka, P. Troy Henning, Adam M. PourchoAbstractCarpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy, resulting in 500,000 carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgeries and a total cost of more than 2 billion dollars annually in the United States. Although initially performed via a large (3-5 cm) palmar incision, CTR techniques have continually evolved to reduce incision size, recovery times, postoperative pain, and improve cosmesis and clinical outcomes. More recently, multiple authors have reported excellent results after ultrasound-...
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Corrigendum
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Spanish Translated Abstracts
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Copyright Page
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Academy News – October PM&R
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Safety, Tolerability, and Effectiveness of Dextromethorphan/Quinidine for Pseudobulbar Affect Among Study Participants With Traumatic Brain Injury: Results From the PRISM-II Open Label Study
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): Flora M. Hammond, William Sauve, Fred Ledon, Charles Davis, Andrea E. FormellaAbstractBackgroundDextromethorphan 20 mg / quinidine 10 mg (DM/Q) was approved to treat pseudobulbar affect (PBA) based on phase 3 trials conducted in participants with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or multiple sclerosis. PRISM II evaluated DM/Q effectiveness, safety, and tolerability for PBA following stroke, dementia, or traumatic brain injury (TBI).ObjectiveTo report results from the TBI cohort of PRISM II, including a TBI-specific functional scale.DesignOpen-label t...
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Effect on Passive Range of Motion and Functional Correlates After a Long-Term Lower Limb Self-Stretch Program in Patients With Chronic Spastic Paresis
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): Maud Pradines, Marjolaine Baude, Christina Marciniak, Gerard Francisco, Jean-Michel Gracies, Emilie Hutin, Nicolas BayleAbstractBackgroundIn current health care systems, long-duration stretching, performed daily, cannot be obtained through prescriptions of physical therapy. In addition, the short-term efficacy of the various stretching techniques is disputed, and their long-term effects remain undocumented.ObjectiveTo evaluate changes in extensibility in 6 lower limb muscles and in ambulation speed after a ≥1-year self-stretch program, the Gui...
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Effect of Rear Wheel Suspension on Tilt-in-Space Wheelchair Shock and Vibration Attenuation
ConclusionsThe results indicate that rigid manual tilt-in-space wheelchairs respond to rough surfaces in a similar fashion to previously studied rigid wheelchairs. Furthermore, the aftermarket suspension system reduces some aspects of shock and vibration exposure, also consistent with previously studied suspension systems.Level of EvidenceNA (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Stenosis and Neurologic Level Discrepancies in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy
ConclusionsLMN involvement in CSM is usually not concordant with the structural lesion. For accurate diagnosis and treatment, physicians should recognize that myotomal involvement in CSM is often due to canal stenosis one to 4 levels above the lesion.Level of EvidenceIII (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Micro-inequities in Medicine
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): Julie K. Silver, Mary Rowe, Michael S. Sinha, Diana M. Molinares, Nancy D. Spector, Debjani Mukherjee (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Ultrasound-Guided Carpal Tunnel Release Using Dynamic Expansion of the Transverse Safe Zone in a Patient With Postpolio Syndrome: A Case Report
Publication date: October 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 10Author(s): Troy Henning, Daniel Lueders, Kate Chang, Lynda YangAbstractThe prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in patients with postpolio syndrome occurs at a rate of 22%. Irrespective of those with CTS, 74% of postpolio patients weight bear through their arms for ambulation or transfers. As open carpal tunnel release is performed along the weight-bearing region of the wrist, their functional independence may be altered while recovering. This case demonstrates that ultrasound-guided carpal tunnel release was successfully performed in a patient with p...
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Rhythmic Neck Muscle Spasms and Upper Limb Muscle Myoclonic Jerks as an Unusual Initial Presentation of Posttraumatic Cervicothoracic Syringomyelia: A Case Report
This report highlights that rhythmic neck muscle spasms and upper limb muscle myoclonic jerks can be the initial and only manifestations of syringomyelia.Level of EvidenceV (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Cervical Medial Branch Block Volume Dependent Dispersion Patterns as a Predictor for Ablation Success: A Cadaveric Study
ConclusionWe suggest that 0.50 ml injections of local anesthetic (LA) during cMBBs contacts many non-intended targets, thus decreasing the specificity of a targeted diagnostic cervical medial branch block. Furthermore, we demonstrated that 0.25 ml of injectate reliably bathed the cervical medial branches without extensive extravasation. This indicates that there would potentially be less local anesthetic effects on distant tissues, increasing the specificity of cervical medial branch blocks and likely improving RFA planning. (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Posterior Vertebral Endplate Fractures: A Retrospective Study on a Rare Etiology of Back Pain in Youth and Young Adults
ConclusionsPosterior vertebral endplate fracture should be considered in differential diagnosis of a youth or young adult with back pain, radiating leg pain, and limited knee extension, regardless of symptom onset. We recommend consultation with an experienced physician whose practice specializes in spine medicine for patients in whom conservative management fails. (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Injected Corticosteroid Type, Dose, and Volume for the Treatment of Pain in Small- and Intermediate-size Joints: A Systematic Review
ConclusionsVery few studies directly examine the effect of corticosteroid type, corticosteroid dose, or injectate volume on clinical outcomes for small- or intermediate-size joint arthralgia. Future studies are needed to better elucidate the most effective treatment protocols.Level of evidenceLevel II, systematic review of cohort studies (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 7, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Radial Nerve Injury Caused by Compression Garment for Lymphedema: A Case Report
Publication date: Available online 6 October 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): Seung Yeon Rhee, Sang Yoon Lee, Ha Ra JeonAbstractLymphedema is a condition characterized by localized fluid retention and tissue swelling caused by a compromised lymphatic system. To minimize fluid build-up and stimulate the flow of fluid through the lymphatic system, compression garments are usually applied to patients with lymphedema. There are few studies to report complications of compression garments to treat breast cancer-related lymphedema. To our knowledge, this is the first report of radial nerve compression neuropathy associated with wea...
Source: PMandR - October 7, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Venous Thromboembolism is Associated with Lack of Vitamin D Supplementation in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury and Low Vitamin D Levels
Publication date: Available online 6 October 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): Reza Ehsanian, Molly A. Timmerman, Jerry M. Wright, Stephen McKenna, Ben Dirlikov, James CrewAbstractBackgroundThe role of vitamin D (VitD) in the pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and prevalence of low VitD (LVitD) in spinal cord injury (SCI) has motivated VitD testing and supplementation. This is an exploratory study of data collected at a time before the routine clinical practice of VitD supplementation, allowing for evaluation of the natural history of LVitD levels in patients with SCI.ObjectiveTo determine if VitD supplementation in...
Source: PMandR - October 7, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Palmaris Longus Tendinopathy Diagnosed with Ultrasound: A Case Report
Publication date: Available online 6 October 2018Source: PM&RAuthor(s): John W. Norbury, Eric J. MorrisonAbstractThis is a case of 52-year old deaf female who was referred to the electrodiagnostic (EDX) laboratory for evaluation of pain and parasthesias in the left upper limb. The EDX study was normal. However, ultrasound revealed tendinopathy of the palmaris longus tendon, manifested by increased hypoechogenecity, caliber, and tenderness to sonopalpation compared to the right side. To the authors’ knowledge there are no reported cases of palmaris longus tendinopathy diagnosed with ultrasound. This case supports ...
Source: PMandR - October 7, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 9, Supplement 2Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Publication date: September 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 9, Supplement 2Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Planners, Faculty & Others Involved in SAE Content
Publication date: September 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 9, Supplement 2Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Disclosure Page
Publication date: September 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 9, Supplement 2Author(s): (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Innovations Influencing Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Publication date: September 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 9, Supplement 2Author(s): Ning Cao, Alberto Esquenazi (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Adaptation, Artificial Intelligence, and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Publication date: September 2018Source: PM&R, Volume 10, Issue 9, Supplement 2Author(s): Daniel T. BarryAbstractAdaptation, cooperation, and trust are at the center of rehabilitation. Artificial intelligence and robots enhance adaptation with guidance for movement, cues for sensation, control of environment, and improved situational awareness. That said, how do we decide to trust complex technologies that might seek personal information or control dangerous equipment? (Source: PMandR)
Source: PMandR - October 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

New Treatment Approaches on the Horizon for Spastic Hemiparesis
This article presents 2 recent articles that propose novel interventions for treating spastic hemiparesis by changing biological infrastructure. In 18 patients with unilateral spastic arm paralysis due to chronic cerebral injury greater than 5 years’ duration, Zheng et al transferred the C7 nerve from the nonparalyzed side to the side of the arm that was paralyzed. Over a follow-up period of 12 months, they found greater improvement in function and a reduction of spasticity compared to rehabilitation alone. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, they also found evidence for physiological connectivity betwe...
Source: PMandR - October 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research