Myocardial Infarction Injury in Patients with Chronic Lung Disease Entering Pulmonary Rehabilitation: Frequency and Association with Heart Rate Parameters
Myocardial infarction (MI) remains under-recognized in chronic lung disease (CLD) patients. Rehabilitation health professionals need accessible clinical measurements to identify the presence of prior MI in order to determine appropriate training prescription. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 14, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Carmen A. Sima, Benny C. Lau, Carolyn M. Taylor, Stephan F. van Eeden, W. Darlene Reid, Andrew W. Sheel, Ashley R. Kirkham, Pat G. Camp Source Type: research

Rhythmic Neck Muscle Spasms and Upper Limb Muscle Myoclonic Jerks as an Unusual Initial Presentation of Posttraumatic Cervicothoracic Syringomyelia: A Case Report
This report highlights that rhythmic neck muscle spasms and upper limb muscle myoclonic jerks can be the initial and only manifestations of syringomyelia. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 14, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hsin-Chin Lin, Yu-Lin Tsai, Wen-Chung Tsai Source Type: research

Amantadine Induced Corneal Edema in a Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Patient: A Case Report
Amantadine is commonly prescribed as a neurostimulant in patients with brain injuries. This is a case of a 14 year-old male with a history of brain tumor that developed corneal edema after initiation of amantadine, a rare but documented side effect of this medication. After discontinuation of amantadine, the corneal edema resolved within two months, but endothelial cells density remained low. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 14, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maria Beran, Britta Okyere, Joshua Vova Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Common Sports Injuries
Common sports injuries include bone stress injuries (BSI), anterior cruciate ligament injuries (ACL), and concussions. Less commonly recognized are the specific sex differences in epidemiology, risk factors, and outcomes of these conditions by sex. An understanding of these factors can improve their clinical management, from prescribing appropriate prehabilitation to guiding post injury rehabilitation and return to play. This narrative review summarizes the sex differences in the diagnosis and management of BSI, ACL injuries, and concussions. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 14, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cindy Lin, Ellen Casey, Daniel Herman, Nicole Katz, Adam Tenforde Source Type: research

Frailty in a Post-Acute Care Population: A Scoping Review
Frailty is a complex and growing phenomenon facing healthcare providers throughout the continuum of care. Frailty is not well understood in post-acute care (PAC) settings. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize current evidence of frailty impact on outcomes and frailty mitigation initiatives in PAC. Three major publication databases were searched from January 2000-June 2017 that identified 18 articles specifically addressing frailty in PAC. Three themes were identified: scales used to measure frailty; factors that led to an adverse outcome or diagnosis of frailty; and interventions to address frailty in PAC. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 14, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pamela S. Roberts, Manoj Goud, Harriet Udin Aronow, Richard V. Riggs Source Type: research

The Specialty of Hope: How Physiatry Made Boston Strong
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 14, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: David M. Crandell Source Type: research

Huge Bursitis Associated With Scapular Osteochondroma Presenting as a Giant Mass of the Chest Wall: A Case Presentation
We present a case of huge scapulothoracic bursitis associated with scapular osteochondroma detected via computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) The bursa presented as a giant cystic mass on CT scan. A 19-year-old female patient presented with a giant left-sided posterolateral chest wall mass and left scapular elevation. She had a 4-month history of mild pain in the posterolateral aspect of the left chest wall. She did not participate in any sports activities and had no limitations in function of the left shoulder. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 7, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kutsi Tuncer, Berhan Pirimoglu, Hayri Ogul Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Huge Bursitis associated with Scapular Osteochondroma Presenting as a Giant Mass of the Chest Wall: A Case Presentation
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 7, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kutsi Tuncer, Berhan Pirimoglu, Hayri Ogul Source Type: research

Examination of Factors Related to the Effect of Improving Gait  Speed With Functional Electrical Stimulation Intervention for Stroke Patients
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) for patients with stroke and foot drop is an alternative to ankle foot orthoses. Characteristics of FES responders and nonresponders have not been clarified. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Koichiro Sota, Yuki Uchiyama, Mitsuhiro Ochi, Shuji Matsumoto, Kenji Hachisuka, Kazuhisa Domen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Ultrasound-Guided Carpal Tunnel Release Using Dynamic Expansion of the Transverse Safe Zone in a Patient With Postpolio Syndrome: A Case Report
The prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in patients with postpolio syndrome occurs at a rate of 22%. Irrespective of those with CTS, 74% of postpolio patients weight bear through their arms for ambulation or transfers. As open carpal tunnel release is performed along the weight-bearing region of the wrist, their functional independence may be altered while recovering. This case demonstrates that ultrasound-guided carpal tunnel release was successfully performed in a patient with postpolio syndrome allowing him to immediately weight bear through his hands after the procedure so he could recover at home. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Troy Henning, Daniel Lueders, Kate Chang, Lynda Yang Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Predicting 1 Repetition Maximum Using Handheld Dynamometry
Isometric assessment of muscular function using a handheld dynamometer (HHD) is frequently used in clinic environments. However, there is controversy in terms of the validity of isometric assessment to monitor changes in dynamic performance. One repetition maximum (1RM) is considered the gold standard for evaluating dynamic strength, though clinicians do not often use 1RM testing, preferring to be cautious with clients who have preexisting impairments. If strength testing using an HHD could be used to predict 1RM, this may have significant implications for the use of isometric testing to prescribe exercise in clinical envi...
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alicia En Ling Tan, Tiffany L. Grisbrook, Novia Minaee, S îan Williams Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Sonographic Changes After Ultrasound-Guided Release of the Transverse Carpal Ligament: A Case Report
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy, resulting in 500,000 carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgeries and a total cost of more than 2 billion dollars annually in the United States. Although initially performed via a large (3-5 cm) palmar incision, CTR techniques have continually evolved to reduce recovery times and postoperative pain and improve cosmesis and clinical outcomes. More recently, multiple authors have reported excellent results after ultrasound-guided carpal tunnel release (USCTR) using a variety of techniques, and one prospective randomized trial reported faster recovery after USCTR compa...
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Erek W. Latzka, P. Troy Henning, Adam M. Pourcho Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Examination of Factors Related to the Effect of Improving Gait  Speed With Functional Electrical Stimulation Intervention for Stroke Patients
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) for patients with stroke and foot drop is an alternative to ankle foot orthoses. Characteristics of FES responders and nonresponders have not been clarified. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Koichiro Sota, Yuki Uchiyama, Mitsuhiro Ochi, Shuji Matsumoto, Kenji Hachisuka, Kazuhisa Domen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Ultrasound-Guided Carpal Tunnel Release Using Dynamic Expansion of the Transverse Safe Zone in a Patient With Postpolio Syndrome: A Case Report
The prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in patients with postpolio syndrome occurs at a rate of 22%. Irrespective of those with CTS, 74% of postpolio patients weight bear through their arms for ambulation or transfers. As open carpal tunnel release is performed along the weight-bearing region of the wrist, their functional independence may be altered while recovering. This case demonstrates that ultrasound-guided carpal tunnel release was successfully performed in a patient with postpolio syndrome allowing him to immediately weight bear through his hands after the procedure so he could recover at home. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Troy Henning, Daniel Lueders, Kate Chang, Lynda Yang Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Predicting 1 Repetition Maximum Using Handheld Dynamometry
Isometric assessment of muscular function using a handheld dynamometer (HHD) is frequently used in clinic environments. However, there is controversy in terms of the validity of isometric assessment to monitor changes in dynamic performance. One repetition maximum (1RM) is considered the gold standard for evaluating dynamic strength, though clinicians do not often use 1RM testing, preferring to be cautious with clients who have preexisting impairments. If strength testing using an HHD could be used to predict 1RM, this may have significant implications for the use of isometric testing to prescribe exercise in clinical envi...
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alicia En Ling Tan, Tiffany L. Grisbrook, Novia Minaee, S îan Williams Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Sonographic Changes After Ultrasound-Guided Release of the Transverse Carpal Ligament: A Case Report
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy, resulting in 500,000 carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgeries and a total cost of more than 2 billion dollars annually in the United States. Although initially performed via a large (3-5 cm) palmar incision, CTR techniques have continually evolved to reduce recovery times and postoperative pain and improve cosmesis and clinical outcomes. More recently, multiple authors have reported excellent results after ultrasound-guided carpal tunnel release (USCTR) using a variety of techniques, and one prospective randomized trial reported faster recovery after USCTR compa...
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Erek W. Latzka, P. Troy Henning, Adam M. Pourcho Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Examination of factors related to the effect of improving gait speed with functional electrical stimulation intervention for patients with stroke
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) for patients with stroke and foot drop is an alternative to ankle foot orthoses. Characteristics of FES responders and non-responders have not been clarified. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Koichiro Sota, Yuki Uchiyama, Mitsuhiro Ochi, Shuji Matsumoto, Kenji Hachisuka, Kazuhisa Domen Source Type: research

Ultrasound Guided Carpal Tunnel Release Using Dynamic Expansion of the Transverse Safe Zone in a Patient with Post-Polio Syndrome: A Case Report
The prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) in patients that suffer from post-polio syndrome occurs at a rate of 22%.[1] Irrespective of those with CTS, 74% of post-polio patients weight bear through their arms for ambulation or transfers.[1] As open carpal tunnel release is performed along the weight bearing region of the wrist, their functional independence may be altered while recovering. This case demonstrates that ultrasound guided carpal tunnel release(USCTR) was successfully performed in a patient with post-polio syndrome allowing him to immediately weight bear through his hands after the procedure so he could rec...
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Troy Henning, Daniel Lueders, Kate Chang, Lynda Yang Source Type: research

Predicting one repetition maximum using hand-held dynamometry
Isometric assessment of muscular function using a hand held dynamometer (HHD) is frequently used in clinic environments. However, there is controversy in terms of the validity of isometric assessment to monitor changes in dynamic performance. One repetition maximum (1RM) is considered the gold standard for evaluating dynamic strength, though clinician ’s do not often use 1RM testing, preferring to be cautious with clients who have pre-existing impairments. If strength testing using a HHD could be used to predict 1RM, this may have significant implications for the use of isometric testing to prescribe exercise in clin...
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alicia En Ling Tan, Tiffany L. Grisbrook, Novia Minaee, S îan Williams Source Type: research

Sonographic Changes Following Ultrasound-guided Release of the Transverse Carpal Ligament- A Case Report
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy, resulting in 500,000 carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgeries and a total cost of over 2 billion dollars annually in the United States.1,2 Although initially performed via a large (3-5 cm), palmar incision, CTR techniques have continually evolved to reduce recovery times and post-operative pain, and improve cosmesis and clinical outcomes.2,3 More recently, multiple authors have reported excellent results following ultrasound-guided carpal tunnel release (USCTR) using a variety techniques, and one prospective randomized trial reported faster recovery follow...
Source: PM and R - March 5, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Erek W. Latzka, P Troy Henning, Adam M. Pourcho Source Type: research

The Effects of Botulinum Toxin Injections on Plantar Flexor Spasticity in Different Phases After Stroke: A Secondary Analysis From a Double-Blind, Randomized Trial
There are no guidelines on the ideal time to inject botulinum toxin type A (BT-A) for lower leg spasticity in stroke patients. An early injection may produce unwanted weakness, interfering with gait recovery. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 3, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hyun-Mi Oh, Geun-Young Park, Young Min Choi, Hyung Jung Koo, Yongjun Jang, Sun Im Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The effects of botulinum toxin injections on plantar flexor spasticity in different phases after stroke. A secondary analysis from a double-blind, randomized trial
There are no guidelines on the ideal time to inject botulinum toxin (BT-A) for lower leg spasticity in stroke patients. An early injection may produce unwanted weakness, interfering with gait recovery. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 3, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hyun-Mi Oh, Geun-Young Park, Young Min Choi, Hyung Jung Koo, Yongjun Jang, Sun Im Source Type: research

Effect on Passive Range of Motion and Functional Correlates After  a Long-Term Lower Limb Self-Stretch Program in Patients With Chronic Spastic Paresis
In current health care systems, long-duration stretching, performed daily, cannot be obtained through prescriptions of physical therapy. In addition, the short-term efficacy of the various stretching techniques is disputed, and their long-term effects remain undocumented. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 2, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maud Pradines, Marjolaine Baude, Christina Marciniak, Gerard Francisco, Jean-Michel Gracies, Emilie Hutin, Nicolas Bayle Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Neural Foraminal Lesions: An Imaging Overview
The neural foramina allow passage of spinal nerves, arteries, veins, and lymphatics from the spinal canal to the periphery [1,2] and are formed by various surrounding osseous and nonosseous structures. The anterior border is made up of the posterior aspect of adjacent vertebral bodies, the intervertebral disk, and the posterior longitudinal ligament. The superior and inferior borders of the foramen are formed by the vertebral notches of the superior and inferior vertebral pedicles. The facet, or zygapophyseal, joints form the posterior border [1,2]. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 2, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Raza Mushtaq, Jack Porrino, Sylvestor A. Moses, Gloria J. Guzm án Pérez-Carrillo Tags: Images Source Type: research

Effect on Passive Range of Motion and Functional Correlates After  a Long-Term Lower Limb Self-Stretch Program in Patients With Chronic Spastic Paresis
In current health care systems, long-duration stretching, performed daily, cannot be obtained through prescriptions of physical therapy. In addition, the short-term efficacy of the various stretching techniques is disputed, and their long-term effects remain undocumented. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 2, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maud Pradines, Marjolaine Baude, Christina Marciniak, Gerard Francisco, Jean-Michel Gracies, Emilie Hutin, Nicolas Bayle Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effect on passive range of motion and functional correlates following a long-term lower limb self-stretch program in patients with chronic spastic paresis
In current health systems, long duration stretching, performed daily, cannot be obtained through prescriptions of physical therapy. In addition, the short-term efficacy of the various stretching techniques is disputed and their long-term effects remain undocumented. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 2, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maud Pradines, Marjolaine Baude, Christina Marciniak, Gerard Francisco, Jean-Michel Gracies, Emilie Hutin, Nicolas Bayle Source Type: research

Neural Foraminal Lesions: An Imaging Overview
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 2, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Raza Mushtaq, Jack Porrino, Sylvestor A. Moses, Gloria J. Guzm án Pérez-Carrillo Source Type: research

Instrumental Variables: Uses and Limitations
Observational studies are limited by the issue of confounding. For example, light-to-moderate drinkers tend to have lower risk of cardiovascular disease than nondrinkers. This association could be due to a causal effect of alcohol on the body, or it could be due to other  attributes of light-to-moderate drinkers, such as high socioeconomic status or the ability to practice moderation across a range of behaviors. Statistical adjustment only imperfectly addresses confounding [1]: Confounders such as socioeconomic status may be crudely measured, resulting in residual confounding; plus, some confounders—such as inta...
Source: PM and R - March 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kristin L. Sainani Tags: Statistically Speaking Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Academy News – March PM & R Journal
As the primary medical society for the specialty of PM&R, your Academy is focused on moving the specialty and you forward. Academy membership supports initiatives to assist our members with: (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Information for Authors
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Copyright Page
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Spanish Translated Abstracts
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Translated Abstracts Source Type: research

Effect of Rear Wheel Suspension on Tilt-in-Space Wheelchair Shock and Vibration Attenuation
Suspension systems are designed to reduce shock and vibration exposure. An aftermarket rear-wheel suspension system is now available for manual tilt-in-space wheelchairs. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 22, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Molly Hischke, Raoul F. Reiser Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Safety, Tolerability, and Effectiveness of Dextromethorphan/Quinidine for Pseudobulbar Affect Among Study Participants With Traumatic Brain Injury: Results From the PRISM-II Open Label Study
Dextromethorphan 20 mg / quinidine 10 mg (DM/Q) was approved to treat pseudobulbar affect (PBA) based on phase 3 trials conducted in participants with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or multiple sclerosis. PRISM II evaluated DM/Q effectiveness, safety, and tolerability for PBA following stroke, dementia, or traumatic brain injury (TBI). (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 22, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Flora M. Hammond, William Sauve, Fred Ledon, Charles Davis, Andrea E. Formella Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effect of Rear Wheel Suspension on Tilt-in-Space Wheelchair Shock and Vibration Attenuation
Suspension systems are designed to reduce shock and vibration exposure. An aftermarket rear-wheel suspension system is now available for manual tilt-in-space wheelchairs. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 22, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Molly Hischke, Raoul F. Reiser Source Type: research

Safety, Tolerability, and Effectiveness of Dextromethorphan/Quinidine for Pseudobulbar Affect Among Study Participants With Traumatic Brain Injury: Results From the PRISM-II Open Label Study
Dextromethorphan 20mg /quinidine 10mg (DM/Q) was approved to treat pseudobulbar affect (PBA) based upon phase 3 trials conducted in participants with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or multiple sclerosis. PRISM II evaluated DM/Q effectiveness, safety and tolerability for PBA following stroke, dementia or traumatic brain injury (TBI). Objective. To report results from the TBI cohort of PRISM II, including a TBI-specific functional scale. Design. Open-label trial evaluating twice daily DM/Q over 90 days. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 22, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Flora M. Hammond, William Sauve, Fred Ledon, Charles Davis, Andrea E. Formella Source Type: research

Evaluation of Performance-Based Outcome Measures for the Upper Limb: A Comprehensive Narrative Review
Objective performance-based outcome measures (OMs) have the potential to provide unbiased and reproducible assessments of limb function. However, very few of these performance-based OMs have been validated for upper limb (UL) prosthesis users. OMs validated in other clinical populations (eg, neurologic or musculoskeletal conditions) could be used to fill gaps in existing performance-based OMs for UL amputees. Additionally, a joint review might reveal consistent gaps across multiple clinical populations. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sophie Wang, C. Janice Hsu, Lauren Trent, Tiffany Ryan, Nathan T. Kearns, Eugene F. Civillico, Kimberly L. Kontson Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Footwear-Generated Dynamic Biomechanical Manipulation and Perturbation Training for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain
Home-based therapy optimizing biomechanics and neuromuscular control is increasingly recognized as a treatment option for chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). However, its impact on pain, function, and gait is limited among patients in a metropolitan area. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Se Won Lee, Ratnakar Veeramachaneni, Ibrahim Abou Saleh, Karen Morice, Timothy Tiu, Yungtai Lo, Kevin Frison, Matthew Bartels Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Considerations for Exercise Prescription in Patients With Bone Metastases: A Comprehensive Narrative Review
Metastatic disease is a frequent complication of advanced cancer, with bone representing one of the most common sites of metastatic occurrence. Patients with bone metastases receive long-term systemic treatments that have a significant attritional impact on muscle strength, fatigue, and physical functioning. Physical rehabilitation involving exercise and physical activity prescription has a considerable role in counteracting these changes; however, exercise is often perceived as a contraindication in the presence of bone metastases due to concerns about aggravating skeletal related events. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gr áinne Sheill, Emer M. Guinan, Nicola Peat, Juliette Hussey Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Anthropometric Prediction of Visceral Adipose Tissue in Persons With Motor Complete Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in increased accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Anthropometrics may provide an alternative to estimate VAT cross-section area (CSA) compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Liron S. McCauley, Ryan M. Sumrell, Ashraf S. Gorgey Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of Performance-Based Outcome Measures for the Upper Limb: A Systematic Review
Objective performance-based outcome measures (OMs) have the potential to provide unbiased and reproducible assessments of limb function. However, very few of these performance-based OMs have been validated for upper limb (UL) prosthesis users. OMs validated in other clinical populations (eg, neurologic or musculoskeletal conditions) could be used to fill gaps in existing performance-based OMs for UL amputees. Additionally, a joint review might reveal consistent gaps across multiple clinical populations. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sophie Wang, C. Janice Hsu, Lauren Trent, Tiffany Ryan, Nathan T. Kearns, Eugene F. Civillico, Kimberly L. Kontson Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Anthropometric Prediction of Visceral Adipose Tissue in Persons With Motor Complete Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in increased accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Anthropometrics may provide an alternative to estimate VAT cross-section area (CSA) compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Liron S. McCauley, Ryan M. Sumrell, Ashraf S. Gorgey Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Footwear-Generated Dynamic Biomechanical Manipulation and Perturbation Training for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain
Home-based therapy optimizing biomechanics and neuromuscular control is increasingly recognized as a treatment option for chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). However, its impact on pain, function and gait is limited among patients in a metropolitan area. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Se Won Lee, Ratnakar Veeramachaneni, Ibrahim Abou Saleh, Karen Morice, Timothy Tiu, Yungtai Lo, Kevin Frison, Matthew Bartels Source Type: research

Considerations for Exercise Prescription in Patients with Bone Metastases: A Comprehensive Narrative Review
Metastatic disease is a frequent complication of advanced cancer, with bone representing one of the most common sites of metastatic occurrence. Patients with bone metastases receive long-term systemic treatments which have a significant attritional impact on muscle strength, fatigue and physical functioning. Physical rehabilitation involving exercise and physical activity prescription has a considerable role in counteracting these changes however exercise is often perceived as a contraindication in the presence of bone metastases due to concerns about aggravating skeletal related events. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gr áinne Sheill, Emer M. Guinan, Nicola Peat, Juliette Hussey Source Type: research

“Anthropometric prediction of visceral adipose tissue in persons with motor complete spinal cord injury”
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in increased accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Anthropometrics may provide an alternative to estimate VAT cross section area (CSA) compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Liron S. McCauley, Ryan M. Sumrell, Ashraf S. Gorgey Source Type: research

Evaluation of performance-based outcome measures for the upper limb: a comprehensive narrative review
Objective performance-based outcome measures (OMs) have the potential to provide unbiased and reproducible assessments of limb function. However, very few of these performance-based OMs have been validated for upper limb (UL) prosthesis users. OMs validated in other clinical populations (e.g. neurological or musculoskeletal conditions) could be used to fill gaps in existing performance-based OMs for UL amputees. Additionally, a joint review might reveal consistent gaps across multiple clinical populations. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sophie Wang, Janice Hsu, Lauren Trent, Tiffany Ryan, Nathan Kearns, Eugene Civillico, Kimberly Kontson Source Type: research

Development and Persistence of Suspected Neuropathic Pain After Total Knee Arthroplasty in Individuals With Osteoarthritis
Despite the effectiveness of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis (OA), up to 20% will report knee pain 1  year after surgery. One possible reason is the development of neuropathic pain before or after TKA. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - February 13, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Matthew Fitzsimmons, Eloise Carr, Linda Woodhouse, Geoff P. Bostick Tags: Original Research Source Type: research