Septic Sacroiliitis in a 53-year-old Adult: A Case Report
A 53-year-old female with no significant past medical history presented with 10/10 right buttock pain that radiated to the right groin. With no reported recent injury, the absence of fever, and no identifiable risk factors, an infectious etiology including septic sacroiliitis is at the end spectrum of the differential. Septic sacroiliitis (SSI) is a rare condition with nonspecific findings that can lead to major complications, including death. To our knowledge, there are only four recent major literature reviews on SSI, with most cases reported to have at least one risk factor or clinical sign indicating the possibility of...
Source: PM and R - May 31, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jesse Lou, Eric B. Smith, Michael J. Mehnert, Jeremy I. Simon Source Type: research

Validity, reliability and responsiveness of the Spanish version of the OPTIMAL instrument
The Outpatient Physical Therapy Improvement in Movement Assessment Log (OPTIMAL) is a self-report instrument developed to measure the ability to perform mobility actions. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 31, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Arrate Pinto-Carral., Tania Fern ández-Villa., Andrew A. Guccione., Federico Montero Cuadrado., José M Cancela, Antonio José Molina. Source Type: research

Cytotoxic Effects of Nonionic Iodinated Contrast Agent on Human Adipose-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a promising therapy for degenerative spine conditions. However, cell therapy for painful spine degeneration presently requires use of contrast agents during fluoroscopy-guided injections and the effects of these agents on MSCs represents a gap in knowledge. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 31, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tao Wu, Hai Nie, Allan B. Dietz, David R. Salek, Jay Smith, Andre J. van Wijnen, Wenchun Qu Source Type: research

Early Clinical Outcomes of Intra-Articular Injections of Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate for the Treatment of Early Osteoarthritis of the Hip, and Knee: A Cohort Study
Bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMC) is one of the few cell-based therapies available as a possible biological treatment for early osteoarthritis (OA). Its efficacy, safety, and benefit compared with other treatments are still to be determined. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 29, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Francisco Rodriguez-Fontan, Nicolas S. Piuzzi, Matthew J. Kraeutler, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Postneedling soreness and tenderness after different dosages of dry needling of an active myofascial trigger point in patients with neck pain: a randomised controlled trial
Previous studies in asymptomatic subjects have demonstrated that myofascial trigger point (MTrP) dry needling is frequently associated with postneedling soreness. However, to the author ’s knowledge, there is not any study that performs a detailed description of postneedling soreness characteristics in patients with myofascial pain. This information could help clinicians to make evidence-informed decisions considering the benefits and negative effects of different dry needling do sages. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 29, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Aitor Mart ín-Pintado-Zugasti, Josué Fernández-Carnero, Jose Vicente León-Hernández, Cesar Calvo Lobo, Hector Beltrán Alacreu, Isabel Alguacil-Diego, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Daniel Pecos-Martin Source Type: research

Early Clinical Outcomes of Intraarticular Injections of Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate for the Treatment of Early Osteoarthritis of the Hip and Knee: A Cohort Study
Bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMC) is one of the few cell-based therapies available as a possible biological treatment for early osteoarthritis (OA). Its efficacy, safety, and benefit compared with other treatments are still to be determined. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 29, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Francisco Rodriguez-Fontan, Nicolas S. Piuzzi, Matthew J. Kraeutler, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Thirty-Day Readmissions After Lower Extremity Amputation in Patients With Vascular Disease
Understanding risk factors associated with readmission after lower extremity amputation may indicate targets for reducing readmission. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 28, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Todd R. Vogel, Jamie B. Smith, Robin L. Kruse Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Combined Application of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation and Volitional Contractions on Thigh Muscle Strength, Knee Pain and Physical Performance in Women at Risk for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability that is associated with quadriceps weakness. However, strengthening in people with or with risk factors for knee OA can be poorly tolerated. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 28, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kaitlin G. Rabe, Hiroo Matsuse, Anthony Jackson, Neil A. Segal Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Thirty-Day Readmissions Following Lower-Extremity Amputation in Patients with Vascular Disease
Understanding risk factors associated with readmission after lower extremity amputation may indicate targets for reducing readmission. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 28, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Todd R. Vogel, Jamie B. Smith, Robin L. Kruse Source Type: research

The Feasibility of Blood Flow Restriction Exercise in Patients With Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury
Blood flow restriction (BFR) exercise, which already has shown promise in the able-bodied population, may be a novel method for improving muscle function in the incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) population. However, the feasibility and tolerance for BFR exercise in this population is unknown. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jon Stavres, Tyler J. Singer, Amber Brochetti, Martin Kilbane, Steven Brose, John McDaniel Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The Feasibility of Blood Flow Restriction Exercise in Incomplete Spinal Cord Injured Patients
Blood flow restriction (BFR) exercise, which has already shown promise in the able-bodied population, may be a novel method for improving muscle function in the incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) population. However, the feasibility and tolerance for BFR exercise in this population is unknown. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jon Stavres, Tyler J. Singer, Amber Brochetti, Martin Kilbane, Steven Brose, John McDaniel Source Type: research

A More Precise Electromyographic Needle Approach for Examination of the Rhomboid Major
Safe and accurate needle access to the rhomboid major (RM) during electromyography is challenging due to the overlying trapezius muscle and the risk of pneumothorax. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 18, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ki Hoon Kim, Goo Young Kim, Seong Gyu Lim, Byung Kyu Park, Dong Hwee Kim Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Motor Retraining (MoRe) for Functional Movement Disorders: Outcomes From a 1-Week Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Program
This study reports patient outcomes from a multidisciplinary FMD treatment program using motor retraining (MoRe) strategies. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 18, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alexandra Jacob, Darryl Kaelin, Abbey Roach, Craig Ziegler, Kathrin LaFaver Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Percent Differences: Another Look
This article discusses 3 common measures of comparison (absolute difference, ratio, and percent difference [PD]), explores the advantages and disadvantages of each, introduces a less-common measure called symmetrized percent change, and explains how it overcomes some of the disadvantages of the other measures. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 18, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Regina Nuzzo Tags: Statistically Speaking Source Type: research

Safe Needle Approach for Examination of the Rhomboid Major
Safe and accurate needle access to the rhomboid major (RM) during electromyography is challenging due to the overlying trapezius muscle and the risk of pneumothorax. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 18, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ki Hoon Kim, Goo Young Kim, Seong Gyu Lim, Byung Kyu Park, Dong Hwee Kim Source Type: research

Participation in Daily Life: Influence on Quality of Life in Ambulatory Children with Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy is a chronic condition which affects children and has an impact on social and physical activity, as well as participation in daily life. Participation and quality of life are two important measures of successful rehabilitation that have not been well studied in children with cerebral palsy. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 18, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jaclyn Omura, Molly Fuentes, Kristie Bjornson Source Type: research

Motor Retraining (MoRe) for Functional Movement Disorders: Outcomes from a one-week multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Program
This study reports patient outcomes from a multidisciplinary FMD treatment program using motor retraining (MoRe) strategies. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 18, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alexandra Jacob, Darryl Kaelin, Abbey Roach, Craig Ziegler, Kathrin LaFaver Source Type: research

Reliability of the Star Excursion Balance Test and two new similar protocols to measure trunk postural control
Although the Star Excursion Balance test (SEBT) has shown a good intra-session reliability the inter-session reliability of this test has not been deeply studied. Furthermore, there is an evident high influence of the lower-limbs in the performance of the SEBT so even if it has been used to measure core stability it is possibly not the most suitable measurement. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 18, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Diego L ópez-Plaza, Casto Juan-Recio, David Barbado, Iñaki Ruiz-Pérez, Francisco J. Vera-Garcia Source Type: research

Assessing the Longer-Term Effects of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury on Self-Reported Driving Ability
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may have long-term cognitive and functional consequences, and recent mTBI is associated with impaired performance on measures related to driving ability. However, it remains unclear whether prior mTBI history is associated with poorer driving performance. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 17, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: John Bernstein, Matthew Calamia Source Type: research

Effect of Shockwave Treatment for Management of Upper and Lower Extremity Musculoskeletal Conditions: A Narrative Review
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is a technology that was first introduced into clinical practice in 1982 for urologic conditions. Subsequent clinical applications in musculoskeletal conditions have been described in treatment of plantar fasciopathy, both upper and lower extremity tendinopathies, greater trochanteric pain syndrome, medial tibial stress syndrome, management of nonunion fractures, and joint disease including avascular necrosis. The aim of this review is to summarize the current understanding of treatment of musculoskeletal conditions with ESWT, accounting for differences in treatment protocol and ener...
Source: PM and R - May 15, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Julia M. Reilly, Eric Bluman, Adam S. Tenforde Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Nonoperative Management of a Severe Proximal Rectus Femoris Musculotendinous Injury in a Recreational Athlete: A Case Report
This report describes a severe injury to the proximal rectus femoris (RF) muscle in a 37-year-old recreational athlete. This injury is a relatively rare occurrence in both the general and elite athletic populations. Acute and long-term imaging and functional outcomes are described. This athlete was able to return to full activity without surgical intervention. Follow-up imaging demonstrated gross healing of both complete (or near complete) muscle and tendon tears. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 15, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Park CK, Zlomislic V, Du J, Huang BK, Chang EY, Chang DG Source Type: research

Insertion and Presence of Fine-wire Intramuscular Electrodes to the Lumbar Paraspinal Muscles Do Not Affect Muscle Performance and Activation during High-exertion Spinal Extension Activities
Low back pain (LBP) is commonly associated with paraspinal muscle dysfunctions. A method to study deep lumbar paraspinal (i.e. multifidus) muscle function and neuromuscular activation pattern is intramuscular electromyography (EMG). Previous studies have shown that the procedure does not significantly impact muscle function during activities involving low-level muscle contractions. However, it is currently unknown how muscular function and activation are affected during high-exertion contractions. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 15, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Szu-Ping Lee, Jo Armour Smith, Matthew Kimber, Kelsey Houk Source Type: research

Narrative review on the effect of shockwave treatment for management of upper and lower extremity musculoskeletal conditions
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is a technology that was first introduced into clinical practice in 1982 for urological conditions. Subsequent clinical applications in musculoskeletal conditions have been described in treatment of plantar fasciopathy, both upper and lower extremity tendinopathies, greater trochanteric pain syndrome, medial tibial stress syndrome, management of non-union fractures, and joint disease including avascular necrosis (AVN). The aim of this review is to summarize the current understanding of treatment of musculoskeletal conditions with ESWT, accounting for differences in treatment protocol...
Source: PM and R - May 15, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Julia M. Reilly, Eric Bluman, Adam S. Tenforde Source Type: research

American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Position Statement on Opioid Prescribing
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Source: PM and R - May 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cathy Mendelsohn Source Type: research

The Role of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training in the Conservative and Surgical Management of Female Stress Urinary Incontinence: Does the Strength of the Pelvic Floor Muscles Matter?
The purpose of this review is to provide an in-depth overview of the role of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The definition, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of SUI are described. We review the anatomy of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and the importance of pelvic floor muscle strength in maintaining urinary continence and establishing normal voiding function. A brief description of the surgical options currently available for SUI and the existing data regarding the role of perioperative PFMT for SUI are included. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 10, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Anna Maria Lasak, Marjorie Jean-Michel, Phuong Uyen Le, Roshni Durgam, Jessica Harroche Source Type: research

Objective Technical Considerations for Appropriate Digital Subtraction Imaging during Cervical Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection
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Source: PM and R - May 10, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Zachary L. McCormick, Vinil N. Shah Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Responses During Resistance Exercise in Patients with Parkinson Disease
Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) present cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction which impairs blood pressure control. However, cardiovascular responses during resistance exercise are unknown in these patients. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Roberto Miyasato, Carla Silva-Batista, Tiago Pe çanha, David A. Low, Marco T. de Mello, Maria E. Piemonte, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Cláudia L.M. Forjaz, Hélcio Kanegusuku Source Type: research

Patients with chronic spinal pain benefit from pain neuroscience education regardless the self-reported signs of central sensitization: secondary analysis of a randomized controlled multicentre trial
Pain neuroscience education is effective in chronic pain management. Central sensitization (i.e. generalized hypersensitivity) is often explained as underlying mechanism for chronic pain, because of its clinical relevance and influence on pain severity, prognosis, and treatment outcome. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie, Nathalie Roussel, Jo Nijs Source Type: research

Re: Sainani K. Interpreting “null” results
Professor Sainani starts her article [1] by stating that the notion that a lack of statistical significance (P> .05) constitutes proof of no effect is a common misconception in statistics. She thereafter uses logical reasoning and illustrative examples to explain to the reader why this is a misconception, and finally winds up with some very useful recommendations on how to interpret statistical test results when P> .05. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Harald Hannerz, Sannie Vester Thorsen, Hans Bay Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply
I appreciate Hannerz et  al's careful read of my article (1). My intent was to point out that the concern that one may have made a Type II error due to low statistical power does not apply in this arm of the flow diagram (a Type II error, by definition, can only occur if one fails to find significance). I did not mean to imply that statistical power was necessarily sufficient or high. Thank you for pointing out this error. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kristin L. Sainani Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply to comment on: “Nordic Walking for the Management of People with Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Review”
We are pleased to respond to the letter by Dr Mohammad Alwardat, who raised some issues about the methodology and conclusions of our recent publication, titled “Nordic Walking for the Management of People With Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Review” [1]. We believe that there may have been some misinterpretation on Dr Alwardat’s part, and by this reply we wish to clarify any concern to Dr Alwardat’s and to PM&R readers ’ satisfaction. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lucia Cugusi, Paolo Solla, Claudio Secci, Marco Monticone, Giuseppe Mercuro, Andrea Manca, Daniele Dragone, Franca Deriu Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Comments on: “Nordic Walking for the Management of People With Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Review”
Cugusi et  al [1] recently conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effects of Nordic walking on motor and nonmotor symptoms, functional performance, and quality of life in people with Parkinson disease. Investigating the effect of physical activity and exercise may help to better understand the impact of these interventions on physical and mental health in patients with Parkinson disease. I wish to comment on some procedures and findings in this review. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mohammad Alwardat Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Refractory Knee Osteoarthritis: Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells Versus Bone Marrow Aspiration Concentrate
A 56-year-old woman presents to the clinic with a long history of right knee pain. The pain began insidiously 4 years prior and she reports a slow progression in pain and decrease in her function. She has been treated with oral analgesics and anti-inflammatories. In addition, she is currently enrolled in her third round of physical therapy. Last year she had an intra-articular corticosteroid injection, which gave her about 6 weeks of relief. Following this, she underwent a series of 3 hyaluronic acid injections (SupartzFX) that she completed 3 months ago. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gerard A. Malanga, Samuel Dona, Joanne Borg-Stein, Michael Auriemma, Jaspal R. Singh Tags: Point/Counterpoint Source Type: research

Editorial Board
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Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Table of Contents
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Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Academy News – May PM & R
As the primary medical society for the specialty of PM&R, your Academy is focused on moving the specialty and you forward. Our mission is to lead the advancement of physiatry ’s impact throughout health care. Your Academy will ensure that: (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Information for Authors
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Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Copyright Page
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Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Spanish Translated Abstracts
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Source: PM and R - May 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Translated Abstracts Source Type: research

Stiff Person Syndrome With Evidence of Nonspecific Focal Myositis Secondary to Sustained Muscle Contraction: A Case Report
We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with SPS in association with nonspecific focal myositis secondary to sustained muscle contraction. She presented with stiffness and pain in her extremities, and diazepam and baclofen were ineffective. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Seung-Wook No, Il-Gyu Lim, Du Hwan Kim Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

The Possible Effect of Oxytocin in Postpartum Recovery From a Stroke: A Case Report
Pregnancy is a risk factor for stroke in young women, but the effect of delivery on recovery and rehabilitation after stroke has not been elucidated in pregnant patients with stroke. This case report presents a pregnant patient with stroke who recovered successfully after cesarean delivery during rehabilitation. The possible effect of oxytocin is discussed as a factor promoting recovery from stroke. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Han Gil Seo, Hyun Haeng Lee, Byung-Mo Oh Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Stenosis and Neurologic Level Discrepancies in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of cord dysfunction in older individuals. CSM involves either the upper motor neuron or lower motor neuron (LMN) in the cervical spine. The neurologic level of the LMN lesion does not usually correspond with the structural level detected via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Young-Ah Choi, Keewon Kim Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Pain in Keyboard Musicians: A Systematic Review
To identify the prevalence and risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in keyboard musicians. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Leticia Amaral Corr êa, Luciano Teixeira dos Santos, Edmur Nelson Nogueira Paranhos Júnior, Alfredo Ignacio Minetti Albertini, Patrícia do Carmo Silva Parreira, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira Source Type: research

Lumbar Epidural Varix Causing Radicular Pain: A Case Report and Differential Diagnosis of Lumbar Cystic Lesions
We report a case of a 36-year-old woman presenting with lumbar radicular pain caused by a lumbar epidural varix. Lumbar MRI revealed a cystic lesion in the ventral epidural space posterior to the right L4 body. Surgery was conducted and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of an epidural varix. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Il-Kyu Im, Eun-Seok Son, Du Hwan Kim Source Type: research

Stenosis and Neurological Level Discrepancies in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of cord dysfunction in older individuals. CSM involves either the upper motor neuron or lower motor neuron (LMN) in the cervical spine. The neurological level of the LMN lesion does not usually correspond with the structural level detected via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Young-Ah Choi, Keewon Kim Source Type: research

Differences in knee and hip adduction and hip muscle activation in runners with and without iliotibial band syndrome
Iliotibial Band Syndrome has been associated with altered hip and knee kinematics in runners. Prior studies have recommended further research on neuromuscular factors at the hip. The frontal plane hip muscles have been a strong focus in strength comparison, but not for electromyography investigation. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Robert L. Baker, Richard B. Souza, Mitchell J. Rauh, Michael Fredericson, Michael D. Rosenthal Source Type: research

The Possible Effect of Oxytocin in Post-Partum Recovery from a Stroke: A Case Report
Pregnancy is a risk factor for stroke in young women, but the effect of delivery on recovery and rehabilitation after stroke has not been elucidated in pregnant stroke patients. This case report presents a pregnant stroke patient who recovered successfully after cesarean delivery during rehabilitation. The possible effect of oxytocin is discussed as a factor promoting recovery from stroke. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Han Gil Seo, Hyun Haeng Lee, Byung-Mo Oh Source Type: research

The Effect of Arch Drop on Tibial Rotation and Tibiofemoral Contact Stress in Postpartum Women
Women are at higher risk for knee osteoarthritis and numerous other lower limb musculoskeletal disorders. Arch drop during pregnancy and the resultant excessive pronation of the feet may alter loading patterns and contribute to the higher prevalence of knee osteoarthritis in women. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kaitlin Rabe, Neil A. Segal, Saphia Waheed, Donald D. Anderson Source Type: research

Stiff Person Syndrome With Evidence of Non-specific Focal Myositis Secondary to Sustained Muscle Contraction: A Case Report
We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with SPS in association with non-specific focal myositis secondary to sustained muscle contraction. She presented with stiffness and pain in her extremities, and diazepam and baclofen were ineffective. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Seung-Wook No, Il-Gyu Lim, Du Hwan Kim Source Type: research

An Incidental Periscapular Lipoma With Marked Bone Erosion in an Elderly Woman With Contralateral Shoulder Pain
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Source: PM and R - April 26, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Esra Gizem Koyuncu, Üstün Aydıngöz, Öner İskender, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar Source Type: research