Impact of Critical Illness Polyneuromyopathy in Rehabilitation: A Prospective Observational Study
Critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPNM) increasingly is recognized as a source of disability in patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission. The prevalence and impact of CIPNM on patients in the rehabilitation setting has not been established. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 17, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cameron J.B. Cunningham, Heather C. Finlayson, William R. Henderson, Russell J. O ’Connor, Andrew Travlos Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Removable Rigid Dressings for Postoperative Management of Transtibial Amputations: A Review of Published Evidence
Forty years of clinical experience and peer-reviewed research studies support the use of nonweight-bearing removable rigid dressings (RRDs) as an effective means of postoperative management of transtibial amputations. We reviewed the published medical evidence regarding the use of RRDs as a postoperative management strategy, culminating in an evidence-based practice recommendation. Published peer-reviewed literature on the topic was searched and classified by level of evidence based on the research design using the scale recommended by the PM&R (level I through V). (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 17, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: James P. Reichmann, Phillip M. Stevens, John Rheinstein, Christopher D. Kreulen Tags: Narrative Review Source Type: research

Impact of Critical Illness Polyneuromyopathy in Rehabilitation: A Prospective Observational Study
Critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPNM) is increasingly recognized as a source of disability in patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission. The prevalence and impact of CIPNM on patients in the rehabilitation setting has not been established. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 17, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cameron Cunningham, Heather C. Finlayson, William R. Henderson, Russell J. O ’Connor, Andrew Travlos Source Type: research

Removable rigid dressings for postoperative management of transtibial amputations: a review of published evidence
Forty years of clinical experience and peer reviewed research studies support the use of non-weight bearing removable rigid dressings (RRD) as an effective means of post-operative management of transtibial amputations. We reviewed the published medical evidence regarding the use of RRDs as a postoperative management strategy, culminating in an evidence-based practice recommendation. Published peer reviewed literature on the topic was searched and classified by level of evidence based on the research design utilizing the scale recommended by the PM&R Journal (level I through V).1 The search uncovered a total of 15 artic...
Source: PM and R - October 17, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: James P. Reichmann, Phillip M. Stevens, John Rheinstein, Christopher D. Kreulen Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Use of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Spasticity Post Stroke
Spasticity is a common and potentially debilitating complication that develops after stroke, arising in approximately 30% of patients. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 15, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: A. McIntyre, M. Mirkowski, S. Thompson, A.M. Burhan, T. Miller, R. Teasell Source Type: research

Performance of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine Candidates on the Subspecialty Board Certification Examination from 2003 to 2015
Pediatric rehabilitation medicine (PRM) physicians enter the field via several pathways. It is unknown whether different training pathways impact performance on the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) PRM Examination and Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Examination. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 9, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sherilyn W. Driscoll, Teresa L. Massagli, Mary A. McMahon, Mikaela M. Raddatz, David W. Pruitt, Kevin P. Murphy Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Performance of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine Candidates on the Subspecialty Board Certification Examination from 2003-2015
Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) physicians enter the field via several pathways. It is unknown if different training pathways impact performance on the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) PRM Examination and Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Examination. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 9, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sherilyn W. Driscoll, Teresa L. Massagli, Mary A. McMahon, Mikaela M. Raddatz, David W. Pruitt, Kevin P. Murphy Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Sacral Slope and Symptomatic Isthmic  Spondylolysis in a Cohort of High School Athletes: A Retrospective Analysis
Spondylolysis with and without anterolisthesis is the most common cause of structural back pain in children and adolescents, but few predictive factors have been confirmed. An association between abnormal sacropelvic orientation and both spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis has been supported in the literature. Sacral slope and other sacropelvic measurements are easily accessible variables that could aid clinicians in assessing active adolescents with low back pain, particularly when the diagnosis of spondylolysis is suspected. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Leigh F. Hanke, Yetsa A. Tuakli-Wosornu, Julian R. Harrison, Peter J. Moley Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in a Patient With Bronchiectasis and Underlying Cerebral Palsy: A Case Presentation
Bronchiectasis is a chronic pulmonary disease characterized by the permanent dilatation of the airways, with recurrent infections. As the disease progresses, extrapulmonary symptoms manifest. If the patient with bronchiectasis has an underlying central nervous system disease such as cerebral palsy (CP), extrapulmonary functions decline faster. The co-occurrence of these 2 diseases may make care more complex, and there have been no reports about pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in this class of patients. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Seo Yeon Yoon, Yong Wook Kim, Ja Young Choi Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Isolated Neck Extensor Myopathy: A Case Presentation of Rapid  Onset and Spontaneous Recovery
Patients presenting with a chin-on-chest deformity, or dropped head syndrome, may have a diagnosis of isolated neck extensor myopathy (INEM). INEM is a diagnosis of exclusion occurring primarily in elderly patients. INEM usually has a benign progression, which may involve the shoulder girdle but does not advance to other muscle groups. Patients without an inflammatory etiology typically experience minimal or no recovery of their symptoms. Dropped head syndrome has various implications on a patient ’s quality of life and activities of daily living. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Anish Mirchandani, Allen S. Chen Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Sacral Slope and Symptomatic Isthmic  Spondylolysis in a Cohort of High School Athletes: A Retrospective Analysis
Spondylolysis with and without anterolisthesis is the most common cause of structural back pain in children and adolescents, but few predictive factors have been confirmed. An association between abnormal sacropelvic orientation and both spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis has been supported in the literature. Sacral slope and other sacropelvic measurements are easily accessible variables that could aid clinicians in assessing active adolescents with low back pain, particularly when the diagnosis of spondylolysis is suspected. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Leigh F. Hanke, Yetsa A. Tuakli-Wosornu, Julian Harrison, Peter J. Moley Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Isolated Neck Extensor Myopathy: A Case Presentation of Rapid  Onset and Spontaneous Recovery
Patients presenting with a chin-on-chest deformity, or dropped head syndrome, may have a diagnosis of isolated neck extensor myopathy (INEM). INEM is a diagnosis of exclusion occurring primarily in elderly patients. INEM usually has a benign progression, which may involve the shoulder girdle but does not advance to other muscle groups. Patients without an inflammatory etiology typically experience minimal or no recovery of their symptoms. Dropped head syndrome has various implications on a patient ’s quality of life and activities of daily living. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Anish Mirchandani, Allen Chen Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in a Patient With Bronchiectasis and Underlying Cerebral Palsy: A Case Presentation
Bronchiectasis is a chronic pulmonary disease characterized by the permanent dilatation of the airways, with recurrent infections. As the disease progresses, extrapulmonary symptoms manifest. If the patient with bronchiectasis has an underlying central nervous system disease such as cerebral palsy (CP), extrapulmonary functions decline faster. The co-occurrence of these 2 diseases may make care more complex, and there have been no reports about pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in this class of patients. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Seo Yeon Yoon, Yong Wook Kim, Ja Young Choi Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

The relationship between sacral slope and symptomatic isthmic spondylolysis in a cohort of high school athletes: a retrospective analysis
Spondylolysis with and without anterolisthesis are the most common causes of structural back pain in children and adolescents, but few predictive factors have been confirmed. An association between abnormal sacro-pelvic orientation and both spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis has been supported in the literature. Sacral slope and other sacro-pelvic measurements are easily accessible variables that could aid clinicians in assessing active adolescents with low back pain, particularly when the diagnosis of spondylolysis is suspected. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Leigh F. Hanke, Yetsa A. Tuakli-Wosornu, Julian Harrison, Peter J. Moley Source Type: research

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in a Patient with Bronchiectasis and Underlying Cerebral Palsy: A Case Report
Bronchiectasis is a chronic pulmonary disease characterized by the permanent dilatation of the airways, with recurrent infections. As the disease progresses, extrapulmonary symptoms manifest. If the patient with bronchiectasis has an underlying central nervous system disease such as cerebral palsy (CP), extrapulmonary functions decline faster. The co-occurrence of these two diseases may make care more complex, and there have been no reports about pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in this class of patients. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Seo Yeon Yoon, Yong Wook Kim, Ja Young Choi Source Type: research

Isolated Neck Extensor Myopathy: A Case Presentation of Rapid Onset and Spontaneous Recovery
Patients presenting with a chin-on-chest deformity, or dropped head syndrome (DHS), may have a diagnosis of isolated neck extensor myopathy (INEM). INEM is a diagnosis of exclusion occurring primarily in elderly patients. INEM usually has a benign progression, which may involve the shoulder girdle but does not advance to other muscle groups. Patients without an inflammatory etiology typically experience minimal or no recovery of their symptoms. Dropped head syndrome has various implications on a patient ’s quality of life and activities of daily living. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 6, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Anish Mirchandani, Allen Chen Source Type: research

RE: Julie K. Silver, et  al, Female Physicians Are Underrepresented in Recognition Awards from the AAPM & R
The study by Silver et  al [1] in this issue of PM&R is research long overdue. The Harvard group must be commended for shedding a bright light on the important topic of gender disparities in medicine, a phenomenon not unique to physiatry. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Elizabeth Sandel Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Cultural Factors in Ethics Consultations
As clinicians working in rehabilitation, we treat patients from various cultural, ethnic, linguistic, and religious backgrounds. Some of these cultural factors may impact the way that information is communicated, goals are negotiated, and medical decisions are made. The terms cultural competence, cultural humility, cultural sensitivity, cultural respect, and, more generally, diversity, often are used to discuss the aspects of practice that address cultural factors in health care delivery. Kleinman and Benson [1] have written eloquently in their article, “Anthropology in the Clinic: The Problem of Cultural Competency ...
Source: PM and R - October 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: D ésirée A. Lie, Jack B. Fu, Patrick Schmitt, Eric Kodish, Debjani Mukherjee Tags: Ethical Legal Feature Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Academy News – October PM & R Journal
As the primary medical society for the specialty of PM&R, your Academy is focused on moving the specialty and you forward. Academy membership supports initiatives to assist our members with: (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Departments Source Type: research

Information for Authors
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Copyright Page
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Spanish Translated Abstracts
(Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - October 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Translated Abstracts Source Type: research

Feedback Facility −Assisted Balance Training in a Patient With Multiple System Atrophy: A Case Presentation
Multiple system atrophy is a rare neurodegenerative disease with a poor prognosis. Furthermore, there are no pharmacological or notable rehabilitation strategies available to prevent the worsening of the disease. This case presentation assessed the outcome of feedback facility −assisted balance training in combination with physical therapy in a 61-year-old man. The patient participated in 30 training sessions over 6 weeks for 30 minutes each that involved balance training. His static and dynamic balance abilities were improved on the Berg Balance Scale, Trunk Impairment Scale, Functional Independence Measure, and Fun...
Source: PM and R - September 21, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hyo Jeong Lee, Ko Eun Lee, Tae Im Yi, Hyun Young Kim Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Descriptive Cadaveric Study Comparing the Accuracy of Ultrasound Versus Fluoroscopic Guidance for First Sacral Transforaminal Injections: A Comparison Study
Ultrasound is rarely used for guiding lumbosacral epidural steroid injections due to its technical limitations. For example, sonographic imaging lacks the ability to confirm epidural spread and identify vascular uptake. The perceived risk that these limitations pose to human subjects has precluded any large scale clinical trials to date. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 21, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bradley F. Thompson, Matthew J. Pingree, Wenchun Qu, Naveen S. Murthy, Nirusha Lachman, Mark Friedrich Hurdle Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Feedback Facility −Assisted Balance Training in a Patient With Multiple System Atrophy: A Case Presentation
Multiple system atrophy is a rare neurodegenerative disease with a poor prognosis. Furthermore, there are no pharmacological or notable rehabilitation strategies available to prevent the worsening of the disease. This case presentation assessed the outcome of feedback facility −assisted balance training in combination with physical therapy in a 61-year-old man. The patient participated in 30 training sessions over 6 weeks for 30 minutes each that involved balance training. His static and dynamic balance abilities were improved on the Berg Balance Scale, Trunk Impairment Scale, Functional Independence Measure, and Fun...
Source: PM and R - September 21, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hyo Jeong Lee, Ko Eun Lee, Tae Im Yi, Hyun Young Kim Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Feedback Facility-assisted Balance Training in a Patient with Multiple System Atrophy: A Case Report
Multiple system atrophy is a rare neurodegenerative disease with poor prognosis. Furthermore, there are no pharmacology or notable rehabilitation strategies available to prevent the worsening of the disease. This case report assessed the outcome of feedback facility-assisted balance training in combination with physical therapy in a 61-year-old man. The patient participated in 30 training sessions over six weeks for 30 minutes each that involved balance training. His static and dynamic balance abilities were improved on the Berg Balance Scale, Trunk Impairment Scale, Functional Independence Measure, and Functional Reach. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 21, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hyo Jeong Lee, Ko Eun Lee, Tae Im Yi, Hyun Young Kim Source Type: research

Descriptive Cadaveric Study Comparing the Accuracy of Ultrasound versus Fluoroscopic Guidance for First Sacral Transforaminal Injections
Ultrasound is rarely used for guiding lumbosacral epidural steroid injections due to its technical limitations. For example, sonographic imaging lacks the ability to confirm epidural spread and identify vascular uptake. The perceived risk that these limitations pose to human subjects has precluded any large scale clinical trials to date. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 21, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bradley F. Thompson, Matthew J. Pingree, Wenchun Qu, Naveen S. Murthy, Nirusha Lachman, Mark Friedrich Hurdle Source Type: research

Perception of Employment by the Veterans Participating in the National Veterans Wheelchair Games: A Survey Study
Employment in those with disability is an important rehabilitation goal along with achieving some measure of functional independence and at the same time one of the most difficult goals to achieve. The number of people with disabilities participating in adaptive sports has been steadily rising over the years. A few studies have looked at the relationship between physical fitness and employment status in those with disability, but there have been no studies that focused on the results of organized adaptive sports events affecting employment outcome. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 19, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: William Kim, Leah Lee, Daniel Lans, David Tostenrude, Kenneth Lee Source Type: research

Comparing Electrical Stimulation With and Without Ultrasound Guidance for Phenol Neurolysis to the Musculocutaneous Nerve
Ultrasound guidance is increasingly being used for neurolytic procedures that have traditionally been done with electrical stimulation (e-stim) guidance alone. Ultrasound visualization with e-stim −guided neurolysis can potentially allow adjustments in injection protocols that will reduce the volume of neurolytic agent needed to achieve clinical improvement. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 15, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mary E. Matsumoto, Jessica Berry, Herbie Yung, Martha Matsumoto, Michael C. Munin Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Accelerated Return to Sport After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Early Knee Osteoarthritis Features at 1 Year: An Exploratory Study
A timely return to competitive sport is a primary goal of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). It is not known whether an accelerated return to sport increases the risk of early-onset knee osteoarthritis (KOA). (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 15, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Adam G. Culvenor, Brooke E. Patterson, Ali Guermazi, Hayden G. Morris, Timothy S. Whitehead, Kay M. Crossley Tags: Original Research —CME Source Type: research

Comparing electrical stimulation with and without ultrasound guidance for phenol neurolysis to the musculocutaneous nerve
Ultrasound guidance is increasingly being used for neurolytic procedures that have traditionally been done with electrical stimulation (e-stim) guidance alone. Ultrasound visualization with e-stim guided neurolysis can potentially allow adjustments in injection protocols that will reduce the volume of neurolytic agent needed to achieve clinical improvement. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 15, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mary E. Matsumoto, Jessica Berry, Herbie Yung, Martha Matsumoto, Michael C. Munin Source Type: research

Ultrasound Guidance for Phenol Neurolysis to the Musculocutaneous Nerve
This study compared electrical stimulation only (e-stim) to ultrasound with e-stim (US) guidance in phenol neurolysis of the musculocutaneous nerve (MCN) for elbow flexor spasticity. We also evaluated the US appearance of MCN in this population. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 15, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mary E. Matsumoto, Jessica Berry, Herbie Yung, Martha Matsumoto, Michael C. Munin Source Type: research

Accelerated return to sport after ACL reconstruction and early knee osteoarthritis features at 1 year: an exploratory study
A timely return to competitive sport is a primary goal of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). It is not known if an accelerated return-to-sport increases the risk of early-onset knee osteoarthritis (KOA). (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 15, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Adam G. Culvenor, Brooke E. Patterson, Ali Guermazi, Hayden G. Morris, Timothy S. Whitehead, Kay M. Crossley Source Type: research

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in a High School Football Player With Familial Hemiplegic Migraine: A Case Report
We present a case of a 17-year-old boy with a history of familial hemiplegic migraine who suffered prolonged symptoms after a mild traumatic brain injury during sports participation. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 13, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Manisha R. Chand, Sumit Kanwar, Evan Peck Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Case Report: Aquatic Therapy and End-Stage Dementia
A 54-year-old woman, retired due to progressive cognitive decline, was diagnosed with early-onset Alzheimer dementia. Conventional medication therapy for dementia had proven futile. Initial evaluation revealed a nonverbal female seated in a wheelchair, dependent on 2-person assist for all transfers and activities of daily living. She had been either nonresponsive or actively resistive for both activities of daily living and transfers in the 6 months before assessment. After a total of 17 1-hour therapy sessions over 19 weeks in a warm water therapy pool, she achieved the ability to tread water for 15 minutes, transfers imp...
Source: PM and R - September 13, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bruce E. Becker, Stacy Lynch Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Atherosclerotic Disease and its Relationship to Lumbar Degenerative Disk Disease, Facet Arthritis, and Stenosis With Computed Tomography Angiography
The intervertebral disk is the largest avascular structure in the body. It relies on passive diffusion from arteries at the periphery of the disk for nutrition. Previous studies have suggested a correlation between vascular disease and lumbar degenerative disk disease (DDD), but the association with facet arthritis and stenosis has not been evaluated. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 13, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: William J. Beckworth, John F. Holbrook, Lisa G. Foster, Laura A. Ward, James R. Welle Tags: Original Research —CME Source Type: research

Atherosclerotic Disease and its Relationship to Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease, Facet Arthritis, and Stenosis With Computed Tomography Angiography
The intervertebral disc is the largest avascular structure in the body. It relies on passive diffusion from arteries at the periphery of the disc for nutrition. Previous studies have suggested a correlation between vascular disease and lumbar degenerative disk disease (DDD), but the association with facet arthritis and stenosis has not been evaluated. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 13, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: William J. Beckworth, John F. Holbrook, Lisa G. Foster, Laura A. Ward, James R. Welle Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in a High School Football Player with Familial Hemiplegic Migraine: A Case Report
We present a case of a 17-year-old male with a history of familial hemiplegic migraine who suffered prolonged symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury during sports participation. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 13, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Manisha R. Chand, Sumit Kanwar, Evan Peck Source Type: research

Case Report: Aquatic Therapy and End-Stage Dementia
A 54-year old female, retired due to progressive cognitive decline, was diagnosed with early-onset Alzheimer ’s dementia. Conventional medication therapy for dementia had proven futile. Initial evaluation revealed a non-verbal female seated in a wheelchair, dependent on 2-person assist for all transfers and activities of daily living (ADLs.) She had been either non-responsive or actively resistive for bo th ADLs and transfers in the 6 months prior to assessment. Following a total of 17 one hour therapy sessions over 19 weeks in a warm water therapy pool, she achieved ability to tread water for 15 minutes, transfers i...
Source: PM and R - September 13, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bruce E. Becker, Stacy Lynch Source Type: research

Atherosclerotic Disease and its Relationship to Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease, Facet Arthritis and Stenosis with Computed Tomography Angiography
The intervertebral disc is the largest avascular structure in the body. It relies on passive diffusion from arteries at the periphery of the disc for nutrition. Prior studies have suggested a correlation between vascular disease and lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD) but the association with facet arthritis and stenosis has not been evaluated. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 13, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: William J. Beckworth, John F. Holbrook, Lisa G. Foster, Laura A. Ward, James R. Welle Source Type: research

Nonsurgical Treatment of Delayed-Onset Brachial Plexopathy Due  to Hypertrophic Clavicular Callus: A Case Report
We present a case of brachial plexopathy due to hypertrophic clavicular callus causing weakness and paresthesia. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 12, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Benjamin M. Carpenter, David R. Pettersson, Adam J. Mirarchi, Drew Groshong, Hans L. Carlson Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Cervical Spine Injuries in High School Athletes Over a Ten-Year Period
More than 7 million athletes participate in high school sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. Although catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available that characterize less-severe cervical spine injuries in high school athletes. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 12, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R. Laker, Dustin Currie, R. Dawn Comstock Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Nonsurgical Treatment of Delayed-Onset Brachial Plexopathy due  to Hypertrophic Clavicular Callus: A Case Report
We present a case of brachial plexopathy due to hypertrophic clavicular callus causing weakness and paresthesia. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 12, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Benjamin M. Carpenter, David R. Pettersson, Adam J. Mirarchi, Drew Groshong, Hans L. Carlson Tags: Case Presentation Source Type: research

Non-surgical treatment of delayed onset brachial plexopathy due to hypertrophic clavicular callus- a case report
We present a case of brachial plexopathy due to hypertrophic clavicular callus causing weakness and paresthesia. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 12, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Benjamin M. Carpenter, David R. Pettersson, Adam J. Mirarchi, Drew Groshong, Hans L. Carlson Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Cervical Spine Injuries in High School Athletes Over a Ten-Year Period
Over 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. While catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available characterizing less severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - September 12, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R. Laker, Dustin Currie, R. Dawn Comstock Source Type: research

Ocular Dysfunctions Presenting in Tacrolimus-Induced Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome: A Case Presentation
The constellation of ocular symptoms, known as Balint ’s syndrome, is a rare disorder seen in bilateral parieto-occipital lesions and is most frequently due to arterial occlusive disease or acute hypertension. Here we present a case of a patient with tacrolimus-induced posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) who presented with optic ataxi a, simultanagnosia, and ocular apraxia. These ocular findings, consistent with Balint’s syndrome, are rarely the initial presentation of PRES. This case highlights the importance of early recognition of this unusual phenomenon as well as the importance of an indivi...
Source: PM and R - September 11, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cora Brown, Alexander J. Feng, Ernesto Cruz Source Type: research