Relationship between heart rate variability and aggressive behavior among patients with schizophrenia hospitalized in acute wards
This study adopted a follow ‐up design and convenience sampling. Thirty‐three subjects completed the questionnaire, and their HRV indices were measured.FindingsPatients ’ psychiatric symptoms showed a significant downward trend after hospitalization (P = .003). The standard deviation of the normal‐to‐normal intervals in the morning was significantly correlated with overall aggression, physical aggression, and verbal aggression.Practice ImplicationsHRV can be regularly monitored among inpatients with schizophrenia with a risk of high aggression as an indicator of possible aggressive behavior. (So...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - August 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hsiao ‐Tzu Wang, Chien‐Ming Yang, Kai‐Ren Chen, Ke‐Hsin Chueh Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Abstinence from social media use, subjective well ‐being, stress, and loneliness
This study tested the effect of abstaining from social media use on participants’ well‐being, affect, perceived stress, and sense of perceived loneliness.Design and Methods: Randomized, controlled design. Sixty ‐eight participants were randomized to one of two conditions.Findings: Those who abstained from social media use, compared with those in the control group, evidenced a decline in life satisfaction, an increase in negative affect, and an increase in loneliness.Practice Implications: Excessive social media use poses deleterious consequences for users, but abstinence may not necessarily exact positive changes...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - August 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zahir Vally, Caroline G. D'Souza Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effect of psychoeducation given to psychiatry nurses on level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding physical restraint: A randomized controlled study
This study aims to determine the effect of psychoeducation, given to nurses working in a psychiatry clinic, on level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding physical restraint.Design and MethodsThis study was conducted with a randomized ‐controlled‐study design. A total of 111 nurses were recruited and randomly assigned to experimental (n = 53) and control (n = 58) groups. The experimental group received psychoeducation, while no intervention was applied to the control group. This study was conducted in a psychiatric ho spital located in the Eastern Anatolia of Turkey. A Descriptive...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Funda Kavak, Emine Y ılmaz, Ayşe Okanlı, Eren Aslanoğlu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Incidence and risk factors associated with postpartum depression among women of advanced maternal age from Guangzhou, China
AbstractPurposeTo investigate whether advanced maternal age (AMA) increases the risk of postpartum depression (PPD) at 6 weeks after birth and to explore the risk factors.Design and MethodsA cross ‐sectional study was conducted at 6 weeks postpartum. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and a self‐designed questionnaire were administered to participants. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine risk factors.FindingsThe prevalence of PPD in women of AMA was 18.0%. Poor relationships with mothers ‐in‐law, female fetus, inconsistency between expected sex and actual sex and primiparae were identified ...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ribo Xiong, Aiwen Deng Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Predictors of postpartum depression and the utilization of postpartum depression services in rural areas in the Philippines
This study explored the prevalence and predictors of postpartum depression (PPD) as well as the utilization and evaluation of PPD services among postpartum women in rural areas of the Philippines.Design and MethodsA cross ‐sectional study was conducted. One hundred sixty‐five women who visited maternal facilities in the rural areas of the Central Philippines completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS).FindingsThe prevalence of PPD was 16.4% at the sixth postpartum week. Occupation and marital status had significant direct influences on PPD. PPD services were not routinely provided by doctors and nurses.Pr...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Leodoro J. Labrague, Denise McEnroe ‐Petitte, Konstantinos Tsaras, Begonia C. Yboa, Rheajane A. Rosales, Maricel M. Tizon, Melba S. D'souza Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Data, diagnoses, and interventions addressing the nursing focus “delusion”: A scoping review
AbstractPurposeTo explore and synthesize literature related to the nursing process addressing the focus “Delusion”.Design and MethodsThis literature review is integrated with a scoping study framework. From the total 252 papers found, 39 were selected.FindingsRelevant data and diagnostic activities, hypothetic nursing diagnoses, and interventions addressing the focus “Delusion” were identified.Practice ImplicationsThis literature review allowed the development of a clinical data model addressing the focus “Delusion”, based on the steps of the nursing process identified. This clinical dat...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Patr ícia D. B. Gonçalves, Francisco M. C. Sampaio, Carlos A. C. Sequeira, Maria Antónia T. C. Paiva e Silva Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Attitudes and stigma toward mental health in nursing students: A systematic review
AbstractPurposeThis systematic review seeks to ascertain whether mental health ‐specific education reduces stigmatizing attitudes in nursing students.Design and MethodsA systematic review of the literature was performed.FindingsThirteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Most of the results show an improvement in attitudes toward mental health, both in theory and clinical experience, but a greater improvement toward these stigmatizing attitudes was observed in clinical placements than in theory.Practical ImplicationsMental ‐health‐specific training seems to improve perceptions toward mental health. Clinical placemen...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rosa Giralt Palou, Gemma Prat Vigu é, Glòria Tort‐Nasarre Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Construction and validation of the Lebanese fear of relationship commitment scale among a representative sample of the Lebanese population
AbstractPurposeTo describe the generation and validation of the Lebanese fear of relationship commitment scale (LFRC) and factors associated with FRC in a representative sample of the Lebanese population.Design and MethodsThis cross ‐sectional study, conducted between January and May 2018, enrolled 568 single community dwelling participants.ResultsThe scale items converged over a solution of four factors, explaining 50.46% of the variance (Cronbach's α = 0.789). Higher social phobia (β = 0.073) and higher general trust score (β = 0.393) were associated with higher...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sahar Obeid, Kassandra Fares, Chadia Haddad, Nathalie Lahoud, Marwan Akel, Maha Zakhour, Nelly Kheir, Pascale Salameh, Souheil Hallit Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The hospital stressors and depression, anxiety levels in pregnant women hospitalized due to preterm delivery: A follow ‐up study
AbstractPurposeTo determine the hospital stressors and depression, anxiety levels in pregnant women hospitalized due to preterm delivery.Design and MethodsThis descriptive pretest ‐posttest study consisted of 147 pregnant women with preterm delivery. Follow‐up was performed twice. Data were collected using the Personal Information Form, the Beck Depression Inventory, the State Anxiety Inventory (SAI)‐Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Antepartum Hospital Stressors Invento ry (AHSI).FindingsA statistically significant difference was found between the average scores of the SAI during the first and second measurements. A ...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nefise Ucar, Sukran Ertekin Pinar Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effect of assertiveness training in schizophrenic patients on functional remission and assertiveness level
AbstractPurposeThis research is conducted to evaluate the effect of assertiveness training in schizophrenic patients on functional remission and assertiveness level.Design and methodsThe research is designed as a randomized controlled trial with a pretest and posttest control group and repeated measures. Assertiveness training was carried out for a total of 8 weeks with the experimental group.FindingsAssertiveness training in schizophrenic patients was found to be effective in increasing the functional remission and assertiveness levels of patients.Practice implicationsAssertiveness training in schizophrenia should be impl...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gonca Ustun, Leyla Kucuk Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, Volume 55, Issue 3, Page 355-358, July 2019. (Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care)
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Immigration, apprehension, detainment, deportation, and the associated trauma
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, Volume 55, Issue 3, Page 359-359, July 2019. (Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care)
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Evelyn Parrish Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Being at the center of attention: Iranian women's experience after suicide attempts
AbstractPurposeA history of suicide attempts is the most important predictor of suicide. The aim of this study was to understand the experience of women after suicide attempts.Design and MethodsA purposive sampling method using semistructured in ‐depth interviews with seven Iranian women was implemented for data collection, and an interpretative phenomenological approach with the van Manen method was used for data analysis.FindingsThe main theme was “being at the center of attention,” from which emerged two subthemes: “loved ones keeping an eye on them” and “rain of love.”Practical Imp...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maryam Azizpour, Ziba Taghizadeh, Nooredin Mohammadi, Abouali Vedadhir Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Psychiatric staff attitudes toward coercive measures: An experimental design
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the effectiveness of a training program on the attitudes of psychiatric nurses toward using coercive measures.Design and MethodsA repeated measures time ‐series design with two‐equivalent groups was used. A convenience sample of 48 psychiatric nurses were recruited. Data collection was conducted using the Staff Attitude to Coercion Scale.FindingsResults showed the effectiveness of the training program in improving nurses ’ attitude toward coercive measures. After 4 weeks of the training, nurses in the intervention group demonstrated significant improvements in their attitude mean scores...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Obay A. Al ‐Maraira, Ferial A. Hayajneh, Jumana Hussine Shehadeh Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Interaction between anxiety and depression on suicidal ideation, quality of life, and work productivity impairment: Results from a representative sample of the Lebanese population
AbstractPurposeTo assess the association between the interaction of anxiety and depression on the suicidal ideation, quality of life (QOL), and work productivity/impairment in Lebanon.DesignCross ‐sectional.Methods1487 participants were enrolled between November 2017 and March 2018.ResultsThe interaction of anxiety and depression (β = .101), higher depression alone (β = .021), higher anxiety traits (STAI‐B) (β = .007) were associated with higher suicidal ideation.Higher depression( β = 1.177), having more anxiety traits (STAI‐B) (β&thins...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wael Khansa, Chadia Haddad, Rabih Hallit, Marwan Akel, Sahar Obeid, Georges Haddad, Michel Soufia, Nelly Kheir, Christiane Abi Elias Hallit, Rony Khoury, Pascale Salameh, Souheil Hallit Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress disorders and depression among male inpatient adults involved in the Lebanese war
AbstractPurpose: to evaluate factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in a sample of hospitalized Lebanese adult males who directly or indirectly were involved in armed conflicts.Design: Cross ‐sectional.Methods: Seventy ‐seven hospitalized males were enrolled between June and December 2016. The Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were used to assess anxiety, depression, and PTSD.Results: Participation in war (adjusted odds ratio [ORa]  = 6.35) and depression (ORa = 1.08) were associated with higher PT...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hiba Yaacoub, Chadia Haddad, Tania Dib, Marouan Zoghbi, Shafika Assaad, Sahar Obeid, Hala Sacre, Souheil Hallit, Francois Kazour Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Hope and belonging in patients with schizophrenia: A phenomenological study
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to examine in depth the senses of hope and belonging in patients with schizophrenia and factors which affect these.Design and MethodsThe data were collected through the phenomenological interview method and interpreted using Strauss and Corbin's approach to qualitative data analysis.FindingsPatients with schizophrenia reported that having hope and feeling a sense of belonging were very important to them and patients with the same diagnosis, and that being accepted by society, being employed and being productive increased their senses of both hope and belonging.Practice ImplicationsF...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: I şıl Işık, Gül Ergün Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Associations of eating alone with type D personality, depression and rejection sensitivity among South Korean university students
AbstractPurpose: To identify the associations of eating alone with type D personality, depression, and rejection sensitivity among South Korean university students.Design and Methods: Data were collected from 370 students recruited from five universities using a self ‐reported questionnaire.Findings: Eating alone had significant correlations with type D personality and depression. Significant factors affecting eating alone were age, place of residence, type D personality, and depression. These factors accounted for 17% in eating alone.Implications for Nursing Practice: There is a need for interventional programs that can...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eunmi Lee, Yujeong Kim, Haeyoung Lee Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The role of school connectedness and maladaptive cognitions in the association between stress and Internet addiction: A serial mediation model
AbstractPurpose: To explore the mediating effect of school interest and maladaptive cognitions in the relationship between stress and Internet addiction.Design and Methods: A total of 2271 high school students were recruited from a Chinese high school. Serial mediation model was used.Results: School interest and maladaptive cognitions had 0.03 and 0.13 indirect effects in the association between stress and Internet addiction, and accounting for 7.9% and 34.2% of the total effect, respectively. The serial indirect effect of school interest and maladaptive cognition was 0.05, accounting for 13.2% of the total effect.Practice...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tingting Gao, Yueyang Hu, Zeying Qin, Ruilin Cao, Sibei Liu, Songli Mei, Xiangfei Meng Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Perception of physical health by patients with severe mental illness and their family caregivers: A qualitative study
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study is to determine the perceptions of both individuals with severe mental illness and their family caregivers regarding the physical health status of patients.Design and methodsA descriptive qualitative design was implemented, and 11 individuals with severe mental illness and 12 caregivers were analysed.FindingsTwo main themes emerged as a result of the content analysis: a “physical health‐related barriers” theme and a “need for better physical health” theme.Practice implicationsPatients and their family caregivers experience a number of barriers and difficulties ...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sevecen Çelik Ince, Neslihan Partlak Günüşen, Özgü Serçe Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Xenophobic attitudes, behaviors and coping strategies among Lebanese people toward immigrants and refugees
AbstractPurposeTo assess the relationship between xenophobia and the coping strategies and evaluate factors associated with xenophobia in Lebanon.Design/MethodsThis cross ‐sectional study, conducted between March and July 2017, enrolled 433 participants.ResultsSevere xenophobia (β = 1.46) and female sex (β = 1.45) were associated with higher problem‐focused engagement scores. Participants with a low income had lower problem‐focused disengagement score compared to those without income. Moderate (β =  0.80) and intense xenophobia (β = 1.38) wer...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - July 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sahar Obeid, Chadia Haddad, Wael Salame, Nelly Kheir, Souheil Hallit Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Experiences of caregivers of family member with schizophrenia in China: A qualitative study
AbstractPurposeTo explore the experience of caregivers of family members with schizophrenia.Design and methodsA qualitative approach was adopted to examine the experience of caregivers of people with schizophrenia. The researcher conducted semi ‐structured interviews with 16 participants recruited through purposive sampling.FindingsThe change findings encompassed five major themes: (a) loss of personal life, (b) mixed emotions, (c) changes in family relationships, (d) the need for professional support and help, and (e) coping strategies.Practice implicationsClinicians, including nurses, must be aware of the cultural impo...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - June 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nan Liu, JianGuo Zhang Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Psycho ‐adaptive changes and psychological growth after childbirth in primiparous women
This study used a descriptive qualitative approach. Using the purposeful sampling method, 18 primiparous women who received postnatal care between August and September 2017 were interviewed.FindingsThe women's experiences about psycho ‐adaptive changes were collected under eight main themes. These themes were change in values, change in personality, change in hand skills and time management, change in priorities, change in problem‐solving skills, increase in self‐esteem, change in social life, and change in relations, respe ctively.Practical ImplicationsNurses should assume important responsibilities, such as childbi...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - June 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Oznur Korukcu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effect of insights on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia
This study was conducted to identify the effect of insights on medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia.Design and methodsThis is a cross ‐sectional study conducted between June 2017 and June 2018 in the Elazig Mental Health and Diseases Hospital. The sample of the study was determined as 300 patients with schizophrenia with the power analysis. Descriptive Characteristics Form, Birchwood Insight Scale, and Morisky Medication Adheren ce Scale were used to collect the data. In the analysis of data, percentage, arithmetic mean, independent samplest test, the Kruskal Wallis test, analysis of variance, regression a...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - June 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eda Kalkan, Funda Kavak Budak Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The Turkish version of the Nursing Students ’ Perceptions of Instructor Caring Scale: An assessment of psychometric properties
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Nursing Students ’ Perceptions of Instructor Caring (NSPIC‐Tr) Scale.Design and MethodsMethodological study. The sample of this study consisted of 344 nursing students.FindingsIts four ‐factor structure was confirmed with explanatory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results. The results of CFA showed that the scale's fit index supported the EFA. The scale's Cronbach's alpha internal consistency coefficient had high reliability.Practice ImplicationsNSPIC ‐Tr is a valid and r...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yeter Durgun Ozan, Mesude Duman, Özlem Çiçek, İIkay Boz Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Motivational interviewing training with standardized patient simulation for prescription opioid abuse among older adults
This study aimed to examine the effect of motivational interviewing (MI) education on the doctorate of nursing practice (DNP) students ’ learning outcomes.Design and methodsThis study used a one ‐group with preposttest design. The sample consisted of 31 DNP students who received an MI training, including a didactic lecture, role‐playing exercise, and standardized patient simulation.FindingsFindings indicated a significant increase in students ’ knowledge and confidence regarding MI at both posttests compared with baseline.Practice implicationsFindings suggested that MI training with standardized patient sim...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - June 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yu ‐Ping Chang, Jade Cassalia, Molli Warunek, Yvonne Scherer Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Correlation between smartphone addiction and dysfunctional attitudes in nursing/midwifery students
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study is to determine the correlation between smartphone addiction and dysfunctional attitudes.Design and MethodsThis descriptive study was conducted with the students of Nursing/Midwifery Department of a state university from March 01 to April 01, 2018.FindingsParticipant students had a mean score of 27.25  ± 11.41 in smartphone addiction scale and a mean score of 27.96 ± 14.74 in dysfunctional attitudes scale. The number of students' friends was found to affect their problem solving skills. Loneliness levels of participant students affected their dy...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - June 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emine Kaplan Serin, Yadigar Çevik Durmaz, Hilal Türkmen Polat Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Assessment of the Opening Minds Scale for use with nursing students
AbstractPurposeEvaluate the validity of the Opening Minds Scale (OMS) for nursing students via Rasch models and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).Design and methodsUndergraduate nursing student responses to OMS (n  = 423). Validity was evaluated via CFA and Rasch analysis.FindingsCFA results were strongest for a three ‐factor 13‐item version of OMS. Rasch modeling supported sound properties for two of three scales. Internal reliabilities ranged between 0.6 and 0.7.Practice implicationsOMS has potential as a valid measure for stigma research and antistigma program evaluation. Rasch analysis suggest it is ...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - June 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brenda Happell, Chris Platania ‐Phung, Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Aine Horgan, Fionnuala Manning, Rory Doody, Elisabeth Hals, Arild Granerud, Kornelis Jan van der Vaart, Jerry Allon, Mari Lahti, Jarmo Pulli, Annaliina Vatula, Heikki Elli Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Subjective depressive symptoms associated with pain in patients with major depressive disorder: Findings from the study on the aspect of Asian depression
AbstractPurposeTo examine subjective depressive symptoms associated with physical pain symptoms (PPSs) in Asian patients with major depressive disorder (MDD).Design and methodsFour PPSs, including headache, chest pain, low back pain, and muscle pain, and subjective depressive symptoms were assessed using the Symptom Checklist ‐90‐Revised.FindingsOut of 528 participants, 390 (73.9%) had at least one PPS. After adjusting for sex, depression severity, disability, fatigue, physical health status, and mental health status, PPSs were found to be associated with crying easily, blaming oneself, feeling lonely, feeling blue, an...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Awirut Oon ‐Arom, Surinporn Likhitsathian, Benchalak Maneeton, Ahmad Hatim Sulaiman, Edwin Chan Shih‐Yen, Pichet Udomratn, Chia‐Hui Chen, Manit Srisurapanont Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Relationship between depression, anxiety, cognitive distortions, and psychological well ‐being among nursing students
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to determine the relationship between depression, anxiety, cognitive distortions, and psychological well ‐being among nursing students.Design and MethodsThis descriptive, correlational, cross ‐sectional study was conducted with 330 nursing students. Data were collected using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS), and the Psychological Well‐being Scale (PWBS).FindingsThe PWBS negatively correlated with the BDI, BAI, and CDS (P 
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Arzu Y üksel, Emel Bahadir‐Yilmaz Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of the caregiver burden perceived by caregivers of patients with neurological disorders on caregiver wellbeing and caregiver stress
AbstractPurposeThe present study was conducted to determine the effects of the caregiver burden perceived by caregivers of patients with neurological disorders on caregiver wellbeing and stress.Design and MethodsThe study was designed as a descriptive, cross ‐sectional, and correlational study.FindingsIn the study, it was determined that the care burden is related to a caregiver's wellbeing and stress level and that the caregivers ’ levels of performing activities of living decreased and their stress levels increased as their perceived burden of care increased.Implications for PracticeDetermining caregivers ’...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fatma Özkan Tuncay, Tülay Kars Fertelli Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effectiveness of health behavior change interventions in managing physical health in people with a psychotic illness: A systematic review
AbstractPurposePeople living with psychotic illness disproportionately experience more comorbidities and have a markedly shorter life expectancy compared to the general population. This review evaluates the effectiveness of health behavior change interventions in improving health outcomes in this group.Design and MethodsAll studies included objective physical health measures or health behaviors as the main outcome measures and experimental design with baseline and follow ‐up quantitative data. Only studies of moderate and strong quality were included. Narrative synthesis was undertaken.FindingsIncluded studies utilized a...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sabina Mazoruk, Jane Meyrick, Zohra Taousi, Adam Huxley Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Child abuse victimization among transgender and gender nonconforming people: A systematic review
ConclusionResearch should use the two ‐step methodology of identifying transgender people. Recalled Childhood Gender Identity Scale should be used. Providers should screen for child abuse. (Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care)
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valerie Tobin, Kathleen R. Delaney Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

LGBT friendly healthcare providers ’ tobacco treatment practices and recommendations
This study aimed to describe lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) friendly providers ’ (1) smoking cessation recommendations to LGBT patients and (2) tobacco treatment practices for transgender patients.Design and MethodsIn ‐depth, semistructured phone interviews were conducted with 13 healthcare providers.FindingsFour overarching themes emerged: (1) providing tobacco treatment services for LGBT patients; (2) barriers to LGBT smoking cessation; (3) prescribing practices for transgender individuals taking estrogen hormone therapy; (4) provider community outreach to promote LGBT smoking cessation.Practice I...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mollie E. Aleshire, Amanda Fallin ‐Bennett, Amanda Bucher, Jennifer Hatcher Tags: ARTICLE Source Type: research

Syrian refugees ’ experiences with mental health services in Turkey: “I felt lonely because I wasn’t able to speak to anyone”
This study examined Syrian refugee adults ’ experiences with mental health services due to a mental complaint.Design and MethodsThis qualitative study used a phenomenological design. The data were collected in semi ‐structured focus group interviews between June and August 2018. A total of 24 individuals participated in the study. The data were analyzed using Colaizzi's method of phenomenological interpretation.FindingsSeven themes were identified by thematic analysis of the interviews: (a) difficulties making appointments, (b) difficulties obtaining medicine, (c) personal rights, (d) lack of information, (e) langu...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nareg Do ğan, Gül Dikeç, Ersin Uygun Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of counseling based on the choice theory on irrational parenthood cognition and marital quality in infertile women: A randomized controlled trial
This study evaluated the effect of counseling based on the choice theory on irrational parenthood cognition (IPC) – and marital quality in infertile women.Design and MethodsThis randomized controlled trial was conducted on 50 primary infertile women in Zanjan, Iran. Stratified block randomization was used to allocate participants to groups. The intervention group received counseling, but the control group received routine care. Data were collected using the IPC and marital relationships quality based on the Glasser's choice theory.FindingsA statistically significant difference was found between the groups in IPC (P&t...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Arezoo Safaei Nezhad, Loghman Ebrahimi, Mohammad M. Vakili, Roghieh Kharaghani Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The relationship between internalized stigma and loneliness in patients with schizophrenia
AbstractPurposeThe study was conducted for the purpose of determining the relationship between internalized stigma and loneliness in patients with schizophrenia.Design and MethodsThe population of this correlational ‐descriptive study consisted of a total of 200 in patients with schizophrenia. The data were collected using “Form of Descriptive Characteristics”, “Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Inventory (ISMI)”, and “UCLA Loneliness Scale”.FindingsIt was determined that the loneliness level of the patients who participated in the study was 57.20  ± 10.38 and ...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: T ülay Yildirim, Funda Kavak Budak Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Predictive factors for suicidal attempts: A case ‐control study
AbstractPurposeTo identify predictors for 12 ‐month suicide attempt from general psychiatric outpatients.Design and MethodsA case ‐control study compared 55 cases of suicide attempt within the previous 12 months matched for age and sex with 55 nonsuicidal cases. All were interviewed for psychiatric and personality disorder (PD) diagnoses using a DSM‐IV‐TR diagnostic interview.FindingsFactors associated with suicide attempt included depressive disorders (odds ratio [OR]  = 4.62) and borderline PD (OR = 8.99).Practical ImplicationsMore attention should be paid to identifying PD especially ...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nahathai Wongpakaran, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Amornphit Kittipodjanasit, Poom Chompoosri, Pimolpun Kuntawong, Danny Wedding Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effects of acceptance and commitment therapy in psychosis treatment: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials
This study was completed with 11 RCTs meeting the research criteria. It has been determined that the vast majority (82%) of the assessed studies were published after 2010. There is evidence that ACT is effective on depression, anxiety, and hallucinations seen in psychotic disorders.Practice ImplicationsACT is seen as a reasonable approach to be used and tested by nurses and other clinicians because  it provides an explanatory and pragmatic approach to psychotic disorders. (Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care)
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Erman Y ıldız Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Short versions of the 32 ‐item Hypomania Checklist: A systematic review
AbstractPurposeBipolar disorder (BD) is frequently misdiagnosed, which can lead to negative outcomes. The 32 ‐item Hypomania Checklist (HCL‐32) is one of the most widely used self‐reported screening instruments for hypomanic symptoms, which has several short versions. This systematic review examined the psychometric properties of HCL‐32 short versions.Design and MethodsFive international databases were systematically and independently searched by two researchers for studies that developed the HCL short versions. Basic demographic and clinical characteristics and the psychometric properties of the HCL short versions...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yuan ‐Yuan Wang, Dan‐Dan Xu, Yuan Feng, Ines H.I. Chow, Chee H. Ng, Gabor S. Ungvari, Gang Wang, Yu‐Tao Xiang Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Mental health disparities and high ‐risk alcohol use among non‐heterosexual high school students
AbstractPurposeTo examine disparities in mental health and high ‐risk alcohol use among high school students by sexual orientation, and the impact of having access to an adult with whom to talk.Design and MethodsCross ‐sectional survey, from the 2015 Kentucky Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Logistic regression estimated the relationship between being “non‐heterosexual” on mental health (e.g, suicidal ideation/attempt) and alcohol behaviors (e.g, binge drinking), controlling for demographics and “having an a dult to talk to.”FindingsNon ‐heterosexual students were more likely to report all advers...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - May 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amie Goodin, Alex Elswick, Amanda Fallin ‐Bennett Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effect of the eye movement desensitization and reprocessing intervention on anxiety and depression among patients undergoing hemodialysis: A randomized controlled trial
This study examined the effect of the eye movement desensitization and reprocessing intervention on depression and anxiety in patients undergoing hemodialysis.Design and MethodsIn this randomized controlled trial, 90 patients were enrolled. The intervention group received six sessions of the eye movement desensitization and reprocessing intervention. Data were collected before and 2 weeks after the intervention using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.FindingsMeasured levels of anxiety and depression were significantly reduced in the intervention group compared with preintervention levels and to the control group.Pr...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - April 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fatemeh Rahimi, Nahid Rejeh, Tahereh Bahrami, Majideh Heravi ‐Karimooi, Seyed Davood Tadrisi, Pauline Griffiths, Mojtaba Vaismoradi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Determination of psychosocial conditions of refugee children living in society
This study aims to determine the psychosocial conditions of refugee children living in society.Designs and MethodsThis descriptive cross ‐sectional research which used the Socio‐demographic Information Form for Children, Child Posttraumatic Stress Reaction Index (CPTS‐RI), and Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) included 738 children.ResultsSocial factors like the educational levels and professions of their parents, as well as economic status could affect the children's level of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety. The regression analysis revealed that depression and anxiety explained 72% of post...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emriye Hilal Yayan, Mehmet Emin D üken Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress and affecting factors in couples after perinatal loss: A Turkish sample
ConclusionsIn women, an ending of the pregnancy between gestational weeks 30 and 37 and being employed reduced the posttraumatic stress level. In men, seeing the baby after birth, having no alcohol, and having high education and income levels decreased the posttraumatic stress level.Practice ImplicationsKnowledge of the factors affecting posttraumatic stress may help identify those couples in whom the probability of this disorder occurring is increased. (Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care)
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - April 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Esra Sabanc ı Baransel, Tuba Uçar Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Progressive muscle relaxation for patients with chronic schizophrenia: A randomized controlled study
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) as an intervention for anxiety, psychotic symptoms, and quality of life (QOL) in patients with chronic schizophrenia.Design and methodsEighty patients were recruited from a Taiwanese psychiatry ward. The intervention group received group PMR; control group received treatment ‐as‐usual.ResultsThe results indicated that PMR might have a short ‐term effect on reducing anxiety, improving psychotic syndromes, and QOL among patients with chronic schizophrenia; however, the effectiveness at the 3‐month follow‐up was not evident.Practice ImplicationsBoth the ...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shu ‐Min Lu, Mei‐Feng Lin, Hsiu‐Ju Chang Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Experiences of community mental health nurses in Japan as the basis of their nursing philosophies
This study uses the narrative research method. I conducted participant observation and narrative interviews with nine CMHNs in Japan.FindingsFour themes emerged: (1) experiences as consumers ’ peers; (2) nurses’ own recovery; (3) high levels of spirituality; and (4) a free spirit.Practice ImplicationsRecognizing these nurses ’ intrinsic experiences could help to shift mental health nursing paradigms from those based on biomedical models to newer perspectives found in recovery models. (Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care)
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - April 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Koji Tanaka Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Assessment of depression, anxiety, and social support in the context of therapeutic abortion
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study is to determine the levels of anxiety, depression, social support, and nursing care needed by women undergoing therapeutic abortion.Designs and MethodsSixty women were administered a sociodemographic form, the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale and the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale.ResultsMore than half of the women experienced anxiety (61.7%). Anxiety scores were high (10.8  ± 3.7), and most of the women had depression (85.0%). Social support from family and friends of the women decreased the women's anxiety and depression levels significantly;...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - April 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cansu Akdag Topal, Fusun Terzioglu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Factors associated with the adults ’ attachment styles in Lebanon: The role of alexithymia, depression, anxiety, stress, burnout, and emotional intelligence
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the association of adults' attachment styles with mental disorders in Lebanon.Design/MethodsA cross ‐sectional observational study enrolled 789 participants between November 2017 and March 2018.FindingsPeople with distress (with dismissing ‐ and fearful‐dominant relationship styles) and people with instability (preoccupied‐dominant relationship style with equal presence of the secured, fearful, and dismissing styles) had higher alcohol use disorder, alexithymia, depression, anxiety, stress, decreased emotional intelligence (emot ional awareness, emotional management, and social‐emotiona...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - April 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sahar Obeid, Chadia Haddad, Marwan Akel, Kassandra Fares, Pascale Salameh, Souheil Hallit Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research