Personality Assessment Questionnaire for ICD ‐11 personality trait domains: Development and testing
ConclusionsThe PAQ ‐11 appears to be potentially promising in terms of clinical utility to assess the five domains of ICD‐11 personality disorders. More research must be conducted in other cultural backgrounds with gender‐balanced populations. © 2020 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Youl ‐Ri Kim, Peter Tyrer, Soon‐Taeg Hwang Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Substance use disorders and criminal justice contact among those with co ‐occurring antisocial and borderline personality disorders: Findings from a nationally representative sample
AbstractOne variant of borderline personality disorder (BPD), frequently encountered in forensic and correctional samples, is the ‘dissocial’ subtype that combines borderline and antisocial traits. We tested the hypothesis that this subtype, defined by the co‐occurrence of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and BPD (ASPD + BPD), would be associated with high rates of substance use disorder and contact with the crim inal justice (CJ) system in a large nationally representative sample of North American adults (N = 36 309). Results suggested that the dissocial variant of BPD was asso...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Richard Howard, Deborah Hasin, Malki Stohl Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Trait resilience and mental health in older adults: A meta ‐analytic review
ConclusionsHigher levels of resilience are associated with better mental health in older persons. Because associations were solely assessed cross ‐sectionally, longitudinal studies are highly needed to draw causal inferences. © 2020 The Authors Personality and Mental Health Published by John Wiley& Sons Ltd (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - June 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francesca F ärber, Jenny Rosendahl Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Priorities for service improvement in personality disorder in Australia: Perspectives of consumers, carers and clinicians
ConclusionA shift in focus from establishing a consistent approach to servicing, to focusing on holistic care that involves consumers and carers in care, is required. © 2020 The Authors Personality and Mental Health Published by John Wiley& Sons Ltd (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fiona Ng, Michelle L. Townsend, Mahlie Jewell, Ely M. Marceau, Brin F.S. Grenyer Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Impact of co ‐morbid personality disorder on quality of inpatient mental health services for people with anxiety and depression
ConclusionWe found evidence of poorer quality of care for patients with co ‐morbid personality disorder who were admitted to psychiatric hospital for treatment of anxiety or depressive disorders, highlighting the need for improved clinical care in this patient group. © 2020 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - May 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ryan Williams, Lorna Farquharson, Ellen Rhodes, Mary Dang, Naomi Fitzpatrick, Alan Quirk, David S. Baldwin, Mike J. Crawford Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Access to psychotherapy for patients with personality disorders
AbstractThe best evidence for effective treatment of personality disorder supports the use of specialized forms of psychotherapy. However, these forms of treatment are generally unavailable in health care systems. This may be partly due to the expense of routinely offering long ‐term therapies. There is evidence that psychotherapy for personality disorder is cost‐effective. One way to address this problem is to treat most patients more briefly. © 2020 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - May 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joel Paris Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Why is an evidence ‐based classification of personality disorder so elusive?
ABSTRACTDespite recent revisions, the classification of personality disorder remains a matter of dispute, and there is little evidence of consistent progress toward an evidence ‐based system. This essay examines four issues impeding taxonomic progress and explores how they might be addressed. First, the phenomenological and aetiological complexity of personality disorder poses a formidable challenge to traditional taxonomic methods. Second, current classifications incorp orate assumptions such as a stringent version of medical model and an essentialist philosophy that are inconsistent with empirical evidence. Third, desp...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - April 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: W. John Livesley Tags: Special Edition ICD ‐11 article Source Type: research

Construct validity of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory ‐2‐Restructured Form scale scores in correctional settings
This study focused on establishing construct validity of the MMPI‐2‐RF in offender samples from a broad personality framework. Two samples of incarcerated men and women completed a battery of broadband personality measures and narrowband measures that capture conceptually related constructs. To examine how MMPI‐2‐RF scale scores and criterion measures converged in a conjoint latent structure, we conducted a series of exploratory structural equation model ling analyses, which revealed factors similar to those of extant hierarchical personality models. At the broadband level, four factors (Positive Activation, Negati...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - March 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica L. Tylicki, Tasha R. Phillips, Yossef S. Ben ‐Porath, Martin Sellbom Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Elucidating the relationship between borderline personality disorder and intimate partner violence
This study examined the established association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and intimate partner violence (IPV). More specifically, it compared the DSM ‐5 traditional categorical personality disorder (PD) model with the DSM‐5 Alternative Model of PD (AMPD) operationalizations of BPD in their relative associations with IPV. The effects of gender, as well as the associations between BPD and different forms of IPV were also considered. Additionall y, we investigated the specific BPD‐relevant AMPD personality traits that influence the BPD‐IPV association. The study sample were 250 community‐dwelling...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - March 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Olivia E. Munro, Martin Sellbom Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Scripting the DSM ‐5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders assessment procedure: A clinically feasible multi‐informant multi‐method approach
We present a case from clinical practice to illustrate a standardized, clinically feasible procedure for assessing personality pathology accordin g to the full AMPD model, using a multi‐method approach. We aim to present a procedure that can guide and inspire clinicians that are going to work with dimensional models as presented in DSM‐5 and ICD‐11. Specifically, we show how questionnaire and interview data from multiple sources (i.e. p atient and family) can be combined. The clinical case also illustrates how Criterion A (i.e. functioning) and B (i.e. traits) are interrelated, suggesting that the joint assessment of...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - March 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laura C. Weekers, Joost Hutsebaut, Bo Bach, Jan H. Kamphuis Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

A national service for personality disorder: A hesitant but important development
Personality and Mental Health, EarlyView. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - February 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Peter Tyrer Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Service users' experiences of receiving a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder: A systematic review
AbstractThere is ongoing controversy regarding the borderline personality disorder (BPD) diagnosis. Whilst the experiences of people living with BPD have been widely acknowledged, the process of receiving the diagnosis is poorly described. This systematic review aimed to synthesize the existing research exploring people's experiences of receiving a diagnosis of BPD, as well as examining what is considered best practice in the diagnostic delivery process. The findings from 12 qualitative studies were synthesized using thematic analysis, generating two overarching themes: negative and positive experiences of receiving a diag...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - February 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R. Lester, L. Prescott, M. McCormack, M. Sampson, North West Boroughs Healthcare, NHS Foundation Trust Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Interfacing neural constructs with the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology: ‘Why' and ‘how'
AbstractThe Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) represents a crucial step forward in the empirical refinement of psychiatric nosology. Although grounded in factor analyses of clinical symptoms and affiliated traits, HiTOP encourages research using measures of other types, including neural ‐system variables, to clarify coherent processes contributing to the hierarchical structure of psychopathology. However, systematic strategies for interfacing HiTOP dimensions with neural‐system variables have not been put forth. We discuss reasons for considering neurobiological systems in rela tion to HiTOP (i.e. &lsquo...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emily R. Perkins, Robert D. Latzman, Christopher J. Patrick Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Maximizing the applied value of structural models of psychopathology: Introduction to a special issue of Personality and Mental Health
AbstractStructural models of mental illness delineate the major phenotypic dimensions of psychopathology. These evidence ‐based models, such as the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology, are poised to supplement—and even supplant—categorical diagnostic systems in research, assessment and treatment arenas. This special issue ofPersonality and Mental Health explores a new wave of research into structural models' utility for theory testing and clinical practice. Can structural approaches advance etiological research by clarifying connections between psychopathology and social, cultural, psychological and biol...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christopher C. Conway, Leonard J. Simms Tags: Introduction Source Type: research

Social role dysfunction and coping in borderline personality disorder
This study sought to explore these variables via moderated mediation, investigating the mediating influence of coping styles on the association between BPD symptoms and social role dysfunction and if these associations were further moderated by gender. Participants (N = 233) were outpatients attending a programme for personality dysfunction. Participants completed measures of BPD symptoms, coping styles and social role dysfunction. Moderated mediation indicated that for women, emotion‐oriented coping and social diversion‐oriented coping mediated the associ ation between BPD symptoms and social dysfunction. Wh...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emma M. Carlson, Daniel W. Cox, David Kealy, Alexander L. Chapman, John S. Ogrodniczuk Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The moderating role of dissociation in the relation between borderline features and factors of self ‐injury in adolescents
ConclusionHigher levels of dissociation were associated with more engagement with suicidal thoughts but did not necessarily contribute to SIB. Further research into differential patterns of association of self ‐injury in patients with BPD may investigate other models where dissociation may more strongly factor into outcomes. © 2020 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - February 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eric Sumlin, Kiana Wall, Carla Sharp Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Parameters of reported childhood sexual abuse and assault in adolescents and adults with borderline personality disorder
ConclusionsTaken together, these results suggest that adults with BPD are more likely to report childhood sexual abuse/assault than adolescents with BPD. Additionally, adults report histories of sexual abuse/assault that are more severe than adolescents with BPD, with specific differences observed in timing, frequency, duration and perpetrator. © 2020 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christina M. Temes, Laura R. Magni, Blaise A. Aguirre, Marianne Goodman, Maria Elena Ridolfi, Mary C. Zanarini Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Examining the predictive association of irritability with borderline personality disorder in a clinical sample of female adolescents
AbstractObjectivesBorderline personality disorder (BPD) is a disorder associated with emotion dysregulation and is common in clinical samples of adolescents. The identification and delineation of BPD from other disorders is important, yet methods for effectively screening for BPD are lacking. Here, we examine whether irritability can be used as a screening item for BPD in adolescents at risk for the disorder.MethodsWe assessed Diagnostic Interview for Borderline —Revised and Development of Well‐Being Assessment scores in a clinical sample of female adolescents ages 12–17 (n = 78) to identify BPD and...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - January 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lisa Dyce, Roberto B. Sassi, Khrista Boylan Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Support, interventions and outcomes for families/carers of people with borderline personality disorder: A systematic review
AbstractIt is clear from existent literature that families and carers of relatives and friends with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience high levels of burden. Whilst family interventions are considered vital to improving the outcomes of those with a range of mental health difficulties, there has been limited development of direct interventions for carers of people with BPD, despite a high level of need. This systematic review aimed to appraise and synthesize the existing research evidence for interventions for carers of people with BPD. Ten studies were included that were directly related to six interventions ...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - December 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ruth Sutherland, John Baker, Sharon Prince Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

General personality dimensions, impairment and treatment response in obsessive –compulsive disorder
ABSTRACTGeneral personality dimensions are associated with clinical severity and treatment response in individuals with depression and many anxiety disorders, but little is known about these relationships in individuals with obsessive –compulsive disorder (OCD). Individuals in the current study included 705 adults with OCD who had participated in family and genetic studies of the disorder. Participants self‐completed the Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness Personality Inventory or Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness Five‐Fa ctor Inventory‐3. Relationships between personality scores, and subjective impairment an...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - December 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jack Samuels, O. Joseph Bienvenu, Janice Krasnow, Ying Wang, Marco A. Grados, Bernadette Cullen, Fernando S. Goes, Brion Maher, Benjamin D. Greenberg, Nicole C. Mclaughlin, Steven A. Rasmussen, Abby J. Fyer, James A. Knowles, James T. Mccrack Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Prevalence and structure of self ‐other problems in SAPAS screening for personality disorder in a National Sample
ConclusionThese findings suggest that personality disorder features play a significant role for at least one out of ten individuals in the Danish general community. Such features are primarily organized in a pattern of self ‐ and interpersonal functioning, which is consistent with the conceptualization of core personality dysfunction in the DSM‐5 Alternative Model of Personality Disorders and the ICD‐11 Classification of Personality Disorders. © 2019 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - November 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bo Bach, Mickey T. Kongerslev, Erik Simonsen Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - November 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Adult attachment anxiety moderates the relation between self ‐reported childhood maltreatment and borderline personality disorder features
AbstractChildhood maltreatment is one of many risk factors for borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, not all individuals with BPD report histories of childhood maltreatment. Therefore, it is necessary to identify factors that contextualize the relation between childhood maltreatment and BPD features. With its emphasis on the developmental origins of emotion regulation, attachment theory provides a useful framework to understand how people are differentially affected by early life stress. The present study examined self ‐reported adult attachment as a moderator in the relation between childhood maltreatment and ...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - September 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thomas M. Crow, Kenneth N. Levy Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Interfacing neural constructs with the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology: ‘Why’ and ‘how’
AbstractThe Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) represents a crucial step forward in the empirical refinement of psychiatric nosology. Although grounded in factor analyses of clinical symptoms and affiliated traits, HiTOP encourages research using measures of other types, including neural ‐system variables, to clarify coherent processes contributing to the hierarchical structure of psychopathology. However, systematic strategies for interfacing HiTOP dimensions with neural‐system variables have not been put forth. We discuss reasons for considering neurobiological systems in rela tion to HiTOP (i.e. &lsquo...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emily R. Perkins, Robert D. Latzman, Christopher J. Patrick Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Premature mortality of people with personality disorder in the Nottingham Study of Neurotic Disorder
AbstractIt is known that people with personality disorders die prematurely. This may be connected to high levels of co ‐morbidity with other psychiatric disorders. To test whether mortality was independent, deaths were examined in a 31‐year cohort study of anxious and depressed patients (Nottingham Study of Neurotic Disorder) who also had their personality status assessed at baseline. The severity of personality disturbance was assessed using a method previously used to separate personality disorders into ICD‐11 categories. Over the follow‐up period, 71 of the cohort of 201 patients had died. Age at death was 5.1 (...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - August 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Peter Tyrer, Helen Tyrer, Min Yang Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to the implementation of a stepped care intervention for personality disorder in mental health services
ConclusionsThis study suggests specific organizational and individual factors may increase timely and efficient implementation of interventions for people with personality disorders. © 2019 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - August 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Melissa Pigot, Caitlin E. Miller, Robert Brockman, Brin F.S. Grenyer Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The wide ‐ranging life outcome correlates of a general psychopathology factor in adolescent psychopathology
ConclusionsFindings suggest that a general factor is related to psychopathology and life outcomes in a meaningful way. Results are discussed in terms of individual differences in propensity to psychopathology and more broadly in light of recent developments concerning the structure of psychopathology. © 2019 The Authors Personality and Mental Health Published by John Wiley& Sons Ltd (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - August 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Odilia M. Laceulle, Joanne M. Chung, Wilma A.M. Vollebergh, Johan Ormel Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

The role of maladaptive personality domains across multiple levels of the HiTOP structure
This study aimed to examine associations between maladaptive personality traits and psychopathology from the perspective of the hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology (HiTOP). We tested hierarchical structural models to further validate a portion of the structural components of HiTOP. We also tested a priori personality and psychopathology associations with three levels of the HiTOP hierarchy: general psychopathology, spectra and syndromes/disorders. We used a large sample from the general Australian population who completed a large set of personality and psychopathology inventories online. Confirmatory factor analyses i...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - August 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Martin Sellbom, Natacha Carragher, Matthew Sunderland, Alison L. Calear, Philip J. Batterham Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - August 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Treatment of personality pathology through the lens of the hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology: Developing a research agenda
AbstractDespite the emphasis on evidence ‐based treatment for psychological disorders, to date, there has been limited research examining treatment for nine of the 10 categorical personality disorders in DSM‐5 Section 2. This is perhaps not surprising given the complex heterogeneity and co‐morbidity within personality pathology. The hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology (HiTOP) was proposed to address limitations within the traditional categorical model of the diagnostic system. Within this system are five spectra: detachment, antagonistic externalizing, disinhibited externalizing, thought disorder and internalizi...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stephanie N. Mullins ‐Sweatt, Christopher J. Hopwood, Michael Chmielewski, Neil A. Meyer, Jiwon Min, Ashley C. Helle, Maggie D. Walgren Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Does interpersonal dependency affect therapeutic outcome? A meta ‐analytic review
This study examined whether interpersonal dependency affects therapeutic outcome, using meta ‐analytic techniques to synthesize results from 31 studies (49 effect sizes; overallN = 3807). High levels of dependency were associated with more positive outcome in psychodynamic therapy (r = 0.11,p
Source: Personality and Mental Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Fallon A. Kane, Robert F. Bornstein Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

DSM ‐5 personality domains as correlates of non‐suicidal self‐injury severity in an Italian sample of adolescent inpatients with self‐destructive behaviour
AbstractTo evaluate the associations betweenDSM ‐5 alternative model of personality disorder dysfunctional personality domains and the clinician's ratings of non ‐suicidal self‐injury (NSSI) severity, a sample of consecutively admitted Italian adolescent inpatients (N = 100) were administered the Italian translations of theDSM ‐5 Clinician Rating Scale ‐NSSI (CRS‐NSSI), the Personality Inventory forDSM ‐5 (PID ‐5), the Structured Clinical Interview forDSM ‐IV Axis II Personality Disorders, Version 2.0 (SCID ‐II) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). Bivariate association analyses showed that PI...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - July 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Antonella Somma, Andrea Fossati, Mauro Ferrara, Fiorella Fantini, Serena Galosi, Robert F. Krueger, Kristian E. Markon, Arianna Terrinoni Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Personality profiles as potential targets for intervention: Identification and replication
AbstractThe alternative dimensional model of personality disorder (PD) diagnosis, based on personality ‐functioning impairment and pathological traits, opens the door for tailoring treatments to individuals with more homogeneous personality profiles than diagnostic categories. Such a transdiagnostic PD treatment approach requires robust, replicable, personality‐relevant dimensions, which we found using a large battery of self‐report measures: Self‐pathology and negative affectivity (NA) traits, interpersonal pathology and detachment traits, and interpersonal pathology and antagonism traits. Using these dimensions, ...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lee Anna Clark, Hallie Nuzum, Jaime L. Shapiro, Emily N. Vanderbleek, Elizabeth J. Daly, Anne D. Simons, Eunyoe Ro Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Personality traits across the psychosis spectrum: A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology conceptualization of clinical symptomatology
We examined pe rsonality deviation as a means for explaining symptom variation across individuals with serious mental illness. Participants (N = 312) with psychosis, first‐degree biological relatives and healthy controls underwent comprehensive clinical evaluations that included symptom ratings andDiagnostic Statistical Manual consensus diagnoses. They completed the Personality Inventory forDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders,Fifth Edition (PID ‐5), which provides multidimensional assessment of personality disturbances and characterizes psychosis‐relevant phenomena, and the Schizotypal Per...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - July 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Julia M. Longenecker, Robert F. Krueger, Scott R. Sponheim Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Personality traits as an organizing framework for personality pathology
AbstractWe review evidence establishing important parallels between the general structure of psychopathology, the more specific structure of personality pathology and the structure of normal ‐range personality. We then present data to explicate the nature of associations between the alternative model of personality disorder (AMPD)—as operationalized by the Personality Inventory forDSM ‐5—and the domains and facets subsumed within the five‐factor model of personality. Our data demonstrate substantial links between four of the five domains within these models but also indicate that the AMPD could be realign...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - July 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David Watson, Lee Anna Clark Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

Correlates between Five ‐Factor Model traits and the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines dimensions in an adolescent clinical sample
In this study, we examined associations between FFM traits and BPD characteristics in a group of clinical and non‐clinical a dolescents.MethodWe evaluated the correlations between the FFM personality traits, as measured by the NEO ‐Five‐Factor Inventory and BPD characteristics as measured by the DIB‐R in a sample of adolescents (N = 162).ResultsConsistent with previous research, BPD dimensions were highly associated with high neuroticism, low conscientiousness, low agreeableness and to a somewhat lesser extent with low extraversion. Specificity of associations between FFM traits and DIB ‐R section scores was limi...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - July 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nagila Koster, Christopher J. Hopwood, Marianne Goodman, Mary C. Zanarini Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Assessing the relationships between self ‐reports of childhood adverse experiences and DSM‐5 alternative model of personality disorder traits and domains: A study on Italian community‐dwelling adults
AbstractA body of research suggests that child maltreatment may not represent an uncommon phenomenon. Adverse childhood experiences have been consistently linked to a variety of mental disorders, including personality disorder. Starting from these considerations, we aimed at testing the associations between retrospective self ‐reports of childhood abuse and Personality Inventory forDSM ‐5 (PID ‐5) traits and domains in a sample of community‐dwelling adult participants (N = 369; 41.2% male). PID‐5 scales yielded 63 (52.5%) rank‐order correlations with self‐reports of childhood abuse that were signifi...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - June 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Serena Borroni, Antonella Somma, Robert F. Krueger, Kristian E. Markon, Gaia Perego, Andrea Pietrobon, Elisa Turano, Andrea Fossati Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Personality disorder co ‐morbidity in primary care ‘Improving Access to Psychological Therapy’ services: A qualitative study exploring professionals' perspectives of working with this patient group
AbstractA high prevalence of people present to ‘Improving Access to Psychological Therapies’ (IAPT) in England with common mental health disorders and co‐morbid personality disorder. This group have suboptimal treatment outcomes in IAPT. Whilst new short‐term treatment approaches are advocated, no solutions or guidance have been provided . This qualitative study explored IAPT health‐care professional (N = 28) perspectives of working with people who present to IAPT with co‐morbid personality disorder. Individual semi‐structured interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim and anal...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - June 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gary Lamph, John Baker, Tommy Dickinson, Karina Lovell Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Measurement and mental health disparities: Psychopathology classification and identity assessment
AbstractMental health disparities research compares groups of individuals with regard to their mental health status, and numerous studies have reported significant and burdensome disparities across populations. This literature is based almost entirely on traditional mental disorder constructs (e.g. major depressive disorder and borderline personality disorder) as defined by official nosologies, but these disorders are associated with numerous problems of reliability and validity. Advances in psychopathology classification research have converged on an alternative conceptualization of mental disorder structure, which compri...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nicholas R. Eaton Tags: Special Issue Article Source Type: research

The use of an accredited violence reduction offending behaviour programme in a medium secure personality disorder service
Personality and Mental Health, EarlyView. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Christine Bull, Celia Taylor, Phil Minoudis Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Metacognitively oriented psychotherapy for schizotypal personality disorder: A two ‐case series
AbstractSchizotypal personality disorder represents a broad range of maladaptive behaviour, which has been linked to both personality disorder and schizophrenia spectrum disorders; however, to date, little effort has been devoted to developing psychosocial treatment approaches to address it. In response, we conducted two case studies exploring the effects of two metacognitively oriented forms of psychotherapy: metacognitive interpersonal therapy and metacognitive reflection and insight therapy for patients with schizotypal personality disorder. We chose these two forms of therapy as they have been successfully delivered, r...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - June 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Simone Cheli, Paul H. Lysaker, Giancarlo Dimaggio Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Anger rumination mediates differences between fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls on mental health and quality of life
AbstractThe present study examined differences between fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls on anger rumination, mental health and quality of life and tested anger rumination as a mediator of patient –control differences in mental health and quality of life. Participants were a propensity score‐matched sample of 58 fibromyalgia patients and 58 healthy controls. Participants completed measures of anger rumination, depression and anxiety and quality of life. Patients were higher than controls on all anger rumination scales and depression and anxiety and lower on quality of life. All anger rumination scales were...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - June 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Loren Toussaint, Fuschia Sirois, Jameson Hirsch, Niko Kohls, Annemarie Weber, Joerg Schelling, Christian Vajda, Martin Offenb äecher Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The personality disorder patient pathway: Service user and clinical perspectives
ConclusionsThe care pathway for individuals with personality disorder is unclear to clinicians and service users, and elements of the pathway are disjointed and not working as effectively as they could. Guidelines recommended by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence are not being followed. Specialist psychological interventions should be available to ensure consistent and stable care provision. © 2019 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S. Flynn, J. Raphael, J. Graney, T. Nyathi, A. Williams, N. Kapur, L. Appleby, J. Shaw Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Lack of meaning, purpose and direction in life in personality disorder: A comparative quantitative approach using Livesley's General Assessment of Personality Disorder
AbstractMeaning in life is a motivational force and an existential theme for many people. The concept of meaning comprises purpose, comprehension and mattering. According to the Section III model of personality disorder (DSM ‐5), lack of meaning, purpose and direction in life is part of personality dysfunction. The present study aimed to determine the association between personality disorder (PD), personality dysfunction and ‘lack of meaning, purpose and direction’ as a distinct facet of personality dysfunction, using Livesley's self‐report questionnaire—the General Assessment of Personality Disorder....
Source: Personality and Mental Health - May 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A. Steen, H. Berghuis, A.W. Braam Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
No abstract is available for this article. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Paranoia and risk of personality disorder in the general population
ConclusionsParanoia seems to either augment the risk for, or be part of, PD/BPD. © 2019 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jos é E. Muñoz‐Negro, Cécile Prudent, Blanca Gutiérrez, Jorge A. Cervilla Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Mental health professionals' perceived clinical utility of the ICD ‐10 vs. ICD‐11 classification of personality disorders
ConclusionThis study provided initial evidence that mental health professionals perceive theICD ‐11 PD classification as slightly more useful for clinical practice than theICD ‐10 classification. © 2019 John Wiley& Sons, Ltd. (Source: Personality and Mental Health)
Source: Personality and Mental Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Signe Joost Hansen, Sune Christensen, Mickey T. Kongerslev, Michael B. First, Thomas A. Widiger, Erik Simonsen, Bo Bach Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Whole ‐brain microstructural white matter alterations in borderline personality disorder patients
AbstractBackgroundBorderline personality disorder (BPD) is a psychiatric condition associated with the impairment of the frontolimbic network. However, a growing body of studies suggests that brain dysfunction underling BPD could involve other brain areas. We explored the whole ‐brain white matter (WM) organization in BPD patients to clarify the structural pattern underlying the disease and its relationship with clinical features.MethodsFourteen BPD patients and 14 healthy controls underwent a multidimensional clinical assessment and diffusion tensor imaging acquisition. Measures of fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean, a...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Giulia Quattrini, Moira Marizzoni, Laura R. Magni, Silvia Magnaldi, Mariangela Lanfredi, Giuseppe Rossi, Giovanni B. Frisoni, Michela Pievani, Roberta Rossi Tags: Research Article Source Type: research