Title Page
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Supplement Article Source Type: research

The Role of Genetic Counseling in Pompe Disease After Patients Are Identified Through Newborn Screening
An important part of the coordinated care by experienced health care teams for all Pompe disease patients, whether diagnosed through newborn screening (NBS), clinical diagnosis, or prenatal diagnosis, is genetic counseling. Genetic counseling helps families better understand medical recommendations and options presented by the patient’s health care team so they can make informed decisions. In addition to providing important information about the inheritance and genetic risks, genetic counseling also provides information about Pompe disease and available treatments and resources and should be offered to families with ...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Atherton, A. M., Day-Salvatore, D., on behalf of the Pompe Disease Newborn Screening Working Group Tags: Supplement Article Source Type: research

Management of Confirmed Newborn-Screened Patients With Pompe Disease Across the Disease Spectrum
After a Pompe disease diagnosis is confirmed in infants identified through newborn screening (NBS), when and if to start treatment with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with alglucosidase alfa must be determined. In classic infantile-onset Pompe disease, ERT should start as soon as possible. Once started, regular, routine follow-up is necessary to monitor for treatment effects, disease progression, and adverse effects. Decision-making for when or if to start ERT in late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) is more challenging because patients typically have no measurable signs or symptoms or predictable time of symptom onset at NBS....
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kronn, D. F., Day-Salvatore, D., Hwu, W.-L., Jones, S. A., Nakamura, K., Okuyama, T., Swoboda, K. J., Kishnani, P. S., on behalf of the Pompe Disease Newborn Screening Working Group Tags: Supplement Article Source Type: research

The Initial Evaluation of Patients After Positive Newborn Screening: Recommended Algorithms Leading to a Confirmed Diagnosis of Pompe Disease
This article in the "Newborn Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment for Pompe Disease" guidance supplement provides recommendations for confirmatory testing after a positive NBS result indicative of Pompe disease is obtained. Two algorithms were developed by the Pompe Disease Newborn Screening Working Group, a group of international experts on both NBS and Pompe disease, based on whether DNA sequencing is performed as part of the screening method. Using the recommendations in either algorithm will lead to 1 of 3 diagnoses: classic infantile-onset Pompe disease, late-onset Pompe disease, or no disease/not affected/ca...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Burton, B. K., Kronn, D. F., Hwu, W.-L., Kishnani, P. S., on behalf of the Pompe Disease Newborn Screening Working Group Tags: Supplement Article Source Type: research

Newborn Screening for Pompe Disease
Started in 1963 by Robert Guthrie, newborn screening (NBS) is considered to be one of the great public health achievements. Its original goal was to screen newborns for conditions that could benefit from presymptomatic treatment, thereby reducing associated morbidity and mortality. With advances in technology, the number of disorders included in NBS programs increased. Pompe disease is a good candidate for NBS. Because decisions regarding which diseases should be included in NBS panels are made regionally and locally, programs and efforts for NBS for Pompe disease have been inconsistent both in the United States and global...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bodamer, O. A., Scott, C. R., Giugliani, R., on behalf of the Pompe Disease Newborn Screening Working Group Tags: Supplement Article Source Type: research

Introduction to the Newborn Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment for Pompe Disease Guidance Supplement
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kishnani, P. S., Hwu, W.-L., on behalf of the Pompe Disease Newborn Screening Working Group Tags: Supplement Article Source Type: research

Are There Long-term Consequences of Room-Sharing During Infancy?
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Moon, R. Y., Hauck, F. R. Tags: Fetus/Newborn Infant, SIDS Commentary Source Type: research

Children, Gender, Education, and Health
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Klein, J. D., Alden, E. R. Tags: International Child Health, Advocacy Commentary Source Type: research

Confronting the Firearm Injury Plague
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nelson, E. W. Tags: Injury, Violence & Poison Prevention, Firearms, Public Health Commentary Source Type: research

Opportunities and Shared Decision-Making to Help Children Who Are Deaf to Communicate
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: White, K. R., Cooper, L. Z. Tags: Developmental/Behavioral Pediatrics, Cognition/Language/Learning Disorders, Ear, Nose & Throat Disorders Commentary Source Type: research

Alternatives to Appendectomy for Acute Appendicitis
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Snyder, C. L. Tags: Emergency Medicine, Surgery Commentary Source Type: research

Is There a Role for Metformin in the Treatment of Childhood Obesity?
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kaplowitz, P. Tags: Obesity Commentary Source Type: research

Time to Overhaul the "Rule Out Sepsis" Workup
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hooven, T. A., Polin, R. A. Tags: Fetus/Newborn Infant, Neonatology Commentary Source Type: research

Observational Assessment in the Febrile Infant
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: McCarthy, P. L. Tags: Emergency Medicine Commentary Source Type: research

The Whole "PROOF": Incorporating Evidence-Based Medicine Into Clinical Teaching
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Potisek, N. M., McNeal-Trice, K., Barone, M. A. Tags: Medical Education, Teaching/Curriculum Development, Evidence-Based Medicine Monthly Feature Source Type: research

Widespread Hospital Variation in Supplementation of Breastfed Newborns
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ward, L. P. Tags: Nutrition, Breastfeeding Commentary Source Type: research

Development of a Curricular Framework for Pediatric Hospital Medicine Fellowships
Pediatric Hospital Medicine (PHM) is an emerging field in pediatrics and one that has experienced immense growth and maturation in a short period of time. Evolution and rapid expansion of the field invigorated the goal of standardizing PHM fellowship curricula, which naturally aligned with the field’s evolving pursuit of a defined identity and consideration of certification options. The national group of PHM fellowship program directors sought to establish curricular standards that would more accurately reflect the competencies needed to practice pediatric hospital medicine and meet future board certification needs. ...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jerardi, K. E., Fisher, E., Rassbach, C., Maniscalco, J., Blankenburg, R., Chase, L., Shah, N., on behalf of the Council of Pediatric Hospital Medicine Fellowship Directors Tags: Medical Education, Teaching/Curriculum Development, Hospital Medicine Special Article Source Type: research

The Yale Observation Scale Score and the Risk of Serious Bacterial Infections in Febrile Infants
OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of the Yale Observation Scale (YOS) score and unstructured clinician suspicion to identify febrile infants ≤60 days of age with and without serious bacterial infections (SBIs). METHODS: We performed a planned secondary analysis of a prospective cohort of non–critically ill, febrile, full-term infants ≤60 days of age presenting to 1 of 26 participating emergency departments in the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network. We defined SBIs as urinary tract infections, bacteremia, or bacterial meningitis, with the latter 2 considered invasive bacterial infections. Eme...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nigrovic, L. E., Mahajan, P. V., Blumberg, S. M., Browne, L. R., Linakis, J. G., Ruddy, R. M., Bennett, J. E., Rogers, A. J., Tzimenatos, L., Powell, E. C., Alpern, E. R., Casper, T. C., Ramilo, O., Kuppermann, N., for the Febrile Infant Working Group of Tags: Emergency Medicine, Infectious Disease Article Source Type: research

Attitudes Toward Tobacco 21 Among US Youth
This study examined attitudes toward Tobacco 21 among youth and their correlations with tobacco use. METHODS: Data from the 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey (n = 17 092, the typical age of 11–18 years) were analyzed to examine the prevalence of support toward Tobacco 21 among youth. This study further assessed whether attitudes toward Tobacco 21 were associated with (1) intention to initiate cigarette smoking among never-smoking youth (n = 16 449); and (2) intention to quit tobacco use among current tobacco users (n = 2914). RESULTS: Approximately 63.9% of respondents reported supporting Tobacco 21. Support for T...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Dai, H. Tags: Substance Abuse, Smoking Article Source Type: research

The Epidemiology, Management, and Outcomes of Bacterial Meningitis in Infants
The objective was to determine the optimal empirical antibiotics for bacterial meningitis in early infancy. METHODS: This was a cohort study of infants
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ouchenir, L., Renaud, C., Khan, S., Bitnun, A., Boisvert, A.-A., McDonald, J., Bowes, J., Brophy, J., Barton, M., Ting, J., Roberts, A., Hawkes, M., Robinson, J. L. Tags: Infectious Disease, Neurology, Neurologic Disorders Article Source Type: research

Elimination Communication: Diaper-Free in America
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bender, J. M., She, R. C. Tags: Infectious Disease Pediatrics Perspectives Source Type: research

Endothelial Cell Function and Dysfunction in Critically Ill Children
Endothelial cells (ECs) line the lumen of the entire vascular system and actively regulate blood flow; maintain blood fluidity; control water, solute, and macromolecular transfer between blood and tissue; and modulate circulating immune cell recruitment and activation. These vital functions, combined with the broad anatomic distribution of ECs, implicate them in all forms of critical illness. The present article discusses how ECs adapt and break down during the course of critical illness. We first review the biology of ECs, highlighting the vascular segmental differences and their specific roles in the maintenance of homeo...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pierce, R. W., Giuliano, J. S., Pober, J. S. Tags: Critical Care, Cardiology, Cardiovascular Disorders State-of-the-Art Review Article Source Type: research

Continuity of Care in Infancy and Early Childhood Health Outcomes
CONCLUSIONS: Continuity may improve care quality and prevent high-cost health encounters, especially for children with chronic conditions. Novel solutions are needed to improve continuity in the medical home. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Enlow, E., Passarella, M., Lorch, S. A. Tags: Community Pediatrics, Medical Home, Evidence-Based Medicine Article Source Type: research

Controversy About Dialysis for an Adolescent
For patients on dialysis, 1 frequent cause of death is their voluntary decision to discontinue dialysis. Such decisions raise complex questions when the patient is a competent adult. The decisions are even more complex when the patient is an adolescent. In this article, we present a case in which a 17-year-old adolescent decided that she no longer wished to undergo dialysis through her fistula. Her doctors thought that dialysis using any other technique would be too dangerous. Four experts in pediatric nephrology, bioethics, and palliative care discuss this decision and the different ways that the health care team might re...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tate, T., Goldberg, A., Wightman, A., Warady, B. A., Lantos, J. D. Tags: Ethics/Bioethics, Nephrology Ethics Rounds Source Type: research

Suburban Families Experience With Food Insecurity Screening in Primary Care Practices
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) remains a major public health problem. With the rise in suburban poverty, a greater understanding of parents’ experiences of FI in suburban settings is needed to effectively screen and address FI in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted 23 semistructured interviews with parents of children
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Palakshappa, D., Doupnik, S., Vasan, A., Khan, S., Seifu, L., Feudtner, C., Fiks, A. G. Tags: Community Pediatrics, Nutrition Article Source Type: research

Clinicians Perceptions of Screening for Food Insecurity in Suburban Pediatric Practice
CONCLUSIONS: We found it is feasible and acceptable for clinicians to screen for FI in suburban practices, but the referral method used in this study was ineffective in assisting families in obtaining benefits. Better approaches to connect families to local resources may be needed to maximize the effectiveness of screening in suburban settings. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Palakshappa, D., Vasan, A., Khan, S., Seifu, L., Feudtner, C., Fiks, A. G. Tags: Community Pediatrics, Nutrition Article Source Type: research

Health Services Use by Late Preterm and Term Infants From Infancy to Adulthood: A Meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Late-preterm infants had higher risks for all-cause admissions as well as for various cause-specific HSU during the neonatal period through adolescence. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Isayama, T., Lewis-Mikhael, A.-M., OReilly, D., Beyene, J., McDonald, S. D. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Head Growth Trajectory and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Preterm Neonates
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between head growth (HG) during neonatal and postdischarge periods and neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm neonates of
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Raghuram, K., Yang, J., Church, P. T., Cieslak, Z., Synnes, A., Mukerji, A., Shah, P. S., for the Canadian Neonatal Network, Canadian Neonatal Follow-Up Network Investigators Tags: Developmental/Behavioral Pediatrics, Cognition/Language/Learning Disorders, Fetus/Newborn Infant, Neonatology Article Source Type: research

Behavioral Patterns in Adolescents Born at 23 to 25 Weeks of Gestation
This study examined mental health outcomes in extremely preterm children (EPT) born at 23 to 25 weeks of gestation between 1992 and 1998 at 2 Swedish tertiary care centers that offered regional and active perinatal care to all live-born EPT infants. METHODS: We assessed 132 (98%) of the 134 EPT survivors at 10 to 15 years of age alongside term-born controls. Behavioral and emotional problems were evaluated by using Achenbach’s Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form and Conners’ Parent and Teacher scales for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. RESULTS: Parents and teachers reported significantl...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Samuelsson, M., Holsti, A., Adamsson, M., Serenius, F., Hägglöf, B., Farooqi, A. Tags: Fetus/Newborn Infant, Neonatology Article Source Type: research

Variation in Formula Supplementation of Breastfed Newborn Infants in New York Hospitals
CONCLUSIONS: A better understanding of the exemplar hospitals could inform future efforts to improve maternity care practices and breastfeeding support to reduce unnecessary formula supplementation, reduce disparities, increase exclusive breastfeeding and breastfeeding duration, and improve maternal and child health outcomes. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Nguyen, T., Dennison, B. A., Fan, W., Xu, C., Birkhead, G. S. Tags: Administration/Practice Management, Quality Improvement, Nutrition, Breastfeeding Article Source Type: research

Mother-Infant Room-Sharing and Sleep Outcomes in the INSIGHT Study
OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infant-parent room-sharing until age 1. We assessed the association between room-sharing and sleep outcomes. METHODS: The Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories study is an obesity prevention trial comparing a responsive parenting intervention with a safety control among primiparous mother-infant dyads. Mothers completed the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire at 4, 9, 12, and 30 months. Reported sleep duration and overnight behaviors, adjusted for intervention group, were compared among early independent sleepers (own room 45 more minutes n...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Paul, I. M., Hohman, E. E., Loken, E., Savage, J. S., Anzman-Frasca, S., Carper, P., Marini, M. E., Birch, L. L. Tags: Fetus/Newborn Infant, SIDS, Sleep Medicine Article Source Type: research

Variations in Cause-of-Death Determination for Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths
CONCLUSIONS: US medical examiners and coroners apply variable practices to classify and investigate SUID, and thus, they certify the same deaths differently. This variability influences surveillance and research, impacts true understanding of infant mortality causes, and inhibits our ability to accurately monitor and ultimately prevent future deaths. Findings may inform future strategies for promoting standardized practices for SUID classification. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shapiro-Mendoza, C. K., Parks, S. E., Brustrom, J., Andrew, T., Camperlengo, L., Fudenberg, J., Payn, B., Rhoda, D. Tags: Fetus/Newborn Infant, SIDS, Injury, Violence & Poison Prevention, Home Safety Article Source Type: research

Outcomes of Nonoperative Management of Uncomplicated Appendicitis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nonoperative management (NOM) of uncomplicated pediatric appendicitis has promise but remains poorly studied. NOM may lead to an increase in resource utilization. Our objective was to investigate the trends in NOM for uncomplicated appendicitis and study the relevant clinical outcomes including subsequent appendectomy, complications, and resource utilization. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of administrative data from 45 US pediatric hospitals. Patients
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bachur, R. G., Lipsett, S. C., Monuteaux, M. C. Tags: Gastroenterology, Abdominal Pain, Surgery Article Source Type: research

Upper Respiratory Infections and Airway Adverse Events in Pediatric Procedural Sedation
CONCLUSIONS: URI status is associated with a statistically significant increase in frequency of AAEs and AI during pediatric procedural sedation for the population sedated by our consortium. Although URI status merits consideration in determining potential risk for sedation, rates of some AAEs and AIs remained low regardless of URI status. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mallory, M. D., Travers, C., McCracken, C. E., Hertzog, J., Cravero, J. P. Tags: Emergency Medicine Article Source Type: research

Assisted Reproductive Techniques and Risk of Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The emerging association of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) with imprinting disorders represents a major issue in the scientific debate on infertility treatment and human procreation. We studied the prevalence of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) in children conceived through ART to define the specific associated relative risk. METHODS: Patients with BWS born in Piemonte, Italy, were identified and matched with the general demographic data and corresponding regional ART registry. RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2014, live births in Piemonte were 379 872, including 7884 from ART. Thirty-eight p...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mussa, A., Molinatto, C., Cerrato, F., Palumbo, O., Carella, M., Baldassarre, G., Carli, D., Peris, C., Riccio, A., Ferrero, G. B. Tags: Fetus/Newborn Infant, Birth Defects, Gynecology, Maternal and Fetal Medicine Article Source Type: research

Metformin for Obesity in Prepubertal and Pubertal Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial
CONCLUSIONS: Metformin decreased the BMI z score and improved inflammatory and cardiovascular-related obesity parameters in prepubertal children but not in pubertal children. Hence, the differential response according to puberty might be related to the dose of metformin per kilogram of weight. Further investigations are necessary. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pastor-Villaescusa, B., Canete, M. D., Caballero-Villarraso, J., Hoyos, R., Latorre, M., Vazquez-Cobela, R., Plaza-Diaz, J., Maldonado, J., Bueno, G., Leis, R., Gil, A., Canete, R., Aguilera, C. M. Tags: Endocrinology, Obesity Article Source Type: research

Access to Emergency Contraception After Removal of Age Restrictions
CONCLUSIONS: A majority of pharmacies have EC available; however, barriers to and disparities in access for adolescents persist and have not changed since the previous study despite regulatory changes that were designed to improve access to EC. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wilkinson, T. A., Clark, P., Rafie, S., Carroll, A. E., Miller, E. Tags: Adolescent Health/Medicine, Contraception, Teen Pregnancy Article Source Type: research

The Safety of Medications in Pregnant Women: An Opportunity to Use Database Studies
(Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Margulis, A. V., Andrews, E. B. Tags: Fetus/Newborn Infant, Gynecology, Obstetrics Pediatrics Perspectives Source Type: research

Parenting Intervention at Age 11 and Cotinine Levels at Age 20 Among African American Youth
CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated in this study that a randomized trial of a prevention program designed to enhance supportive parenting reduced cotinine levels among young African American adults. The developmentally appropriate family-centered intervention buffered the risk of smoking 9 years after program participation. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Chen, Y.-f., Yu, T., Brody, G. H. Tags: Adolescent Health/Medicine, Substance Abuse, Smoking Article Source Type: research

Brain Injury and Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Congenital Heart Disease: A Systematic Review
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal and postnatal preoperative abnormal cerebral findings might play an important role in neurodevelopmental impairment in infants with CHD. Increased awareness of the vulnerability of the young developing brain of an infant with CHD among caregivers is essential. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mebius, M. J., Kooi, E. M. W., Bilardo, C. M., Bos, A. F. Tags: Fetus/Newborn Infant, Cardiology, Cardiovascular Disorders Review Article Source Type: research

Body Composition in Adolescents During Treatment With Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
CONCLUSIONS: Depression severity was associated with a decrease in measures of body composition in older adolescents over a mean of 1.5 years, whereas SSRI treatment was positively associated with these outcomes, with differential effects across treatment groups. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Calarge, C. A., Mills, J. A., Janz, K. F., Burns, T. L., Coryell, W. H., Zemel, B. S. Tags: Psychiatry/Psychology Article Source Type: research

Implicit Weight Bias in Children Age 9 to 11 Years
OBJECTIVES: Assess implicit weight bias in children 9 to 11 years old. METHODS: Implicit weight bias was measured in children ages 9 to 11 (N = 114) by using the Affect Misattribution Procedure. Participants were shown a test image of a child for 350 milliseconds followed by a meaningless fractal (200 milliseconds), and then they were asked to rate the fractal image as "good" or "bad." We used 9 image pairs matched on age, race, sex, and activity but differing by weight of the child. Implicit bias was the difference between positive ratings for fractals preceded by an image of a healthy-weight child an...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Skinner, A. C., Payne, K., Perrin, A. J., Panter, A. T., Howard, J. B., Bardone-Cone, A., Bulik, C. M., Steiner, M. J., Perrin, E. M. Tags: Psychiatry/Psychology, Obesity Article Source Type: research

Implementation of Instrument-Based Vision Screening for Preschool-Age Children in Primary Care
CONCLUSIONS: Instrument-based vision screening for preschool-aged children can be effectively implemented into primary care practice, results in substantially improved rates of completed vision screening at well-child visits, and may result in a reduction in unnecessary referrals to eye care specialists. Additional research is needed regarding how best to overcome barriers to the widespread use of this technology in pediatric primary care settings, as well as its longer-term effect on referrals and the prevalence of amblyopia. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Modest, J. R., Majzoub, K. M., Moore, B., Bhambhani, V., McLaughlin, S. R., Vernacchio, L. Tags: Community Pediatrics, Bright Futures, Ophthalmology Quality Report Source Type: research

Time-Use Patterns and Health-Related Quality of Life in Adolescents
CONCLUSIONS: Discrete time-use patterns exist in Australian young adolescents. The cluster characterized by low physical activity and moderate screen time was associated with the lowest HRQoL. Whether this pattern translates into precursors of noncommunicable diseases remains to be determined. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wong, M., Olds, T., Gold, L., Lycett, K., Dumuid, D., Muller, J., Mensah, F. K., Burgner, D., Carlin, J. B., Edwards, B., Dwyer, T., Azzopardi, P., Wake, M., on behalf of the LSACs Child Health CheckPoint Investigator Group Tags: Community Pediatrics, Adolescent Health/Medicine Article Source Type: research

Early Sign Language Exposure and Cochlear Implantation Benefits
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the most compelling support yet available in CI literature for the benefits of spoken language input for promoting verbal development in children implanted by 3 years of age. Contrary to earlier published assertions, there was no advantage to parents’ use of sign language either before or after CI. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Geers, A. E., Mitchell, C. M., Warner-Czyz, A., Wang, N.-Y., Eisenberg, L. S., the CDaCI Investigative Team Tags: Developmental/Behavioral Pediatrics, Cognition/Language/Learning Disorders, Ear, Nose & Throat Disorders Article Source Type: research

Childhood Firearm Injuries in the United States
CONCLUSIONS: Firearm injuries are an important public health problem, contributing substantially to premature death and disability of children. Understanding their nature and impact is a first step toward prevention. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Fowler, K. A., Dahlberg, L. L., Haileyesus, T., Gutierrez, C., Bacon, S. Tags: Injury, Violence & Poison Prevention, Firearms Article Source Type: research

Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth: A Randomized Controlled Trial
CONCLUSIONS: The findings supported our hypothesis that early introduction of eggs significantly improved growth in young children. Generally accessible to vulnerable groups, eggs have the potential to contribute to global targets to reduce stunting. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Iannotti, L. L., Lutter, C. K., Stewart, C. P., Gallegos Riofrio, C. A., Malo, C., Reinhart, G., Palacios, A., Karp, C., Chapnick, M., Cox, K., Waters, W. F. Tags: Developmental/Behavioral Pediatrics, Growth/Development Milestones, Nutrition Article Source Type: research

Prematurity and Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths in the United States
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prematurity, a strong risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID), was addressed in recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2011 for safe sleep education in NICUs. We documented associations between gestational age (GA) and SUID subsequent to these guidelines. METHODS: Using the 2012–2013 US linked infant birth and death certificate period files, we documented rates per live births of sudden infant death syndrome, ill-defined and unspecified causes, accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed, and overall SUID by GA in postneonatal, out-of-hospital, and autop...
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ostfeld, B. M., Schwartz-Soicher, O., Reichman, N. E., Teitler, J. O., Hegyi, T. Tags: Fetus/Newborn Infant, SIDS, Public Health Article Source Type: research

Pictograms, Units and Dosing Tools, and Parent Medication Errors: A Randomized Study
CONCLUSIONS: Provision of dosing tools more closely matched to prescribed dose volumes is an especially promising strategy for reducing pediatric dosing errors. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yin, H. S., Parker, R. M., Sanders, L. M., Mendelsohn, A., Dreyer, B. P., Bailey, S. C., Patel, D. A., Jimenez, J. J., Kim, K.-Y. A., Jacobson, K., Smith, M. C. J., Hedlund, L., Meyers, N., McFadden, T., Wolf, M. S. Tags: Public Health Article Source Type: research

Childhood Illness and the Gender Gap in Adolescent Education in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
BACKGROUND: Achieving gender equality in education is an important development goal. We tested the hypothesis that the gender gap in adolescent education is accentuated by illnesses among young children in the household. METHODS: Using Demographic and Health Surveys on 41 821 households in 38 low- and middle-income countries, we used linear regression to estimate the difference in the probability adolescent girls and boys were in school, and how this gap responded to illness episodes among children
Source: PEDIATRICS - June 30, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alsan, M., Xing, A., Wise, P., Darmstadt, G. L., Bendavid, E. Tags: Adolescent Health/Medicine, Public Health Article Source Type: research