Investigation of the effect of training attachment behaviors to pregnant mothers on some physical indicators of their infants from birth to three months based on the separation of male and female infants
Maternal attachment to the fetus during pregnancy improves infant's growth and development and is an important criterion for public health. The aim is to investigate the effect of training attachment behaviors to pregnant women on some growth health indicators of infants. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - September 8, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Sara dokuhaki, Maryam Heidary, Marzieh Akbarzadeh Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of childhood adversity and resilience on Taiwanese youth health behaviors
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can leave negative impacts on one's health behaviors or social functioning later in life. Resilient characteristics have been shown to mitigate effects against risk behaviors in developing adolescents. However, clinical and research attention has rarely been given to jointly consider the effects of ACEs and resilient characteristics on health behaviors in Taiwanese youth. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - September 7, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Yu-Ching Wang, Miguel Moya Guerola, Yi-Ching Lin, Yi-Ping Hsieh, Carol Strong, Meng-Che Tsai, Chung-Ying Lin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Specifying the diffusion MRI connectome in Chinese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia and auditory processing deficits
This study therefore explores the white matter pathways associated with Chinese character recognition and auditory processing of pitch variations, with the objective of to identify the most representative neural correlates for Chinese developmental dyslexia. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - September 1, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hsiao-Lan Sharon Wang, Natalie Yu-Hsien Wang, Fang-Cheng Yeh Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy: A benign condition with impressive clinical picture
A 12-month-old boy was hospitalized in Emergency for fever and for urticarial eruption on the dorsal parts of the thighs and for dusky purpuric large plaques localized on the inner side of the inferior limbs and on the abdominal wall; trunk and mucous membranes were spared (Fig.  1). The eruption developed suddenly few hours prior to hospitalization; the child had previously been treated for upper respiratory infection with paracetamol and amoxicillin by the general physician. No skin biopsy was performed due to the age of the child and the clinical suspicion was of acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - September 1, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Anca Chiriac, Cristian Podoleanu, Adrian Naznean, Simona Stolnicu Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Giant transient dural sinus dilatation with neonatal nuchal cord
This male child was born at term via an emergency cesarean section with symptoms of fetal distress manifested by reduced movements, abnormal heart rate, Apgar scores of 1 and 6, and an arterial cord pH of 6.93. A tight double nuchal cord was noticed that was immediately released. Stabilization included positive pressure ventilation with 100% oxygen, inhaled nitric oxide, and hypothermia for neuroprotection. No evidence of placental abruption or fetal –maternal hemorrhage was observed, and his hemoglobin level was 108 g/l (see Image 1). (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 31, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ahmad Abdul Aziz, Amelie Stritzke Tags: Images Source Type: research

Effects of two different lipid emulsions on antioxidant status, lipid peroxidation and parenteral nutrition- related cholestasis in premature babies, a randomized-controlled study
Olive oil-soybean oil (OO/SO) based lipid emulsions (LE) lack ω-3 PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid –EPA and docosahexaenoic acid- DHA, which have clinical benefits on inflammatory processes. Fish oil based LEs are good sources of DHA and EPA. Fish oil, MCT, Olive oil and Soya oil (FMOS) lipid is one of the fish oil containing LEs supplemented with high levels of α-tocopherol and lower levels of phytosterol compared to OO/SO lipid emulsions. We investigated the effects of OO/SO and FMOS lipid preparations on cholestasis, levels of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 31, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hacer Yapicioglu Yildizdas, Burak Poyraz, Guluzar Atli, Yasar Sertdemir, Kurthan Mert, Ferda Ozlu, Mehmet Satar Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Transcutaneous bilirubin nomogram for Taiwanese newborns – A single center study
Hour-specific bilirubin nomogram has been recommended to predict postdischarge hyperbilirubinemia in newborns. However, it may not be applicable in Taiwan due to ethnic differences. The aim of this study was to construct a 12-h specific transcutaneous bilirubin (TCB) nomogram in newborns for clinical reference. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 29, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tung-Hua Chen, Yung-Chieh Lin, Yuh-Jyh Lin, Chyi-Her Lin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

SCID/NOD mice model for 5-FU induced intestinal mucositis: Safety and effects of probiotics as therapy
For chemotherapy patients, intestinal mucositis is a frequent complication. Previously, we evaluated the beneficial effect of oral probiotics in 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) induced mucositis in BALB/c mice. Here, we used SCID/NOD mice instead to simulate the immunodeficiency of chemotherapy patients: first, to evaluate the safety of probiotic supplementation and second, to determine the probiotic effect in response to 5-FU intestinal mucositis. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 24, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Lawrence Huang, Jen-Shiu Chiang Chiau, Mei-Lien Cheng, Wai-Tao Chan, Chuen-Bin Jiang, Szu-Wen Chang, Chun-Yan Yeung, Hung-Chang Lee Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Neonatal factors predictive for respiratory and gastro-intestinal morbidity after esophageal atresia repair
The objective of this study is to identify possible neonatal predictive factors contributing to a long-term complicated clinical course in patients after repair of esophageal atresia. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 23, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Maissa Rayyan, Malaika Embrechts, Hans Van Veer, Raf Aerts, Ilse Hoffman, Marijke Proesmans, Karel Allegaert, Gunnar Naulaers, Nathalie Rommel Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Characterization of group B Streptococcus colonization in full-term and Late-Preterm neonates in Taiwan
This study aimed to analyze GBS carriage status and genotypic diversity in healthy neonates after implementation of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) in Taiwan. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 22, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Jen-Fu Hsu, Chyi-Liang Chen, Chien-Chung Lee, Reyin Lien, Shih-Ming Chu, Ren-Huei Fu, Ming-Chou Chiang, Chang-Yo Yang, Mei-Yin Lai, I-Hsyuan Wu, Yu-Shan Yen, Cheng-Hsun Chiu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Characterization of group B Streptococcus colonization in full-term and lete-preterm neonates in Taiwan
This study aimed to analyze GBS carriage status and genotypic diversity in healthy neonates after implementation of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) in Taiwan. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 22, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Jen-Fu Hsu, Chyi-Liang Chen, Chien-Chung Lee, Reyin Lien, Shih-Ming Chu, Ren-Huei Fu, Ming-Chou Chiang, Chang-Yo Yang, Mei-Yin Lai, I-Hsyuan Wu, Yu-Shan Yen, Cheng-Hsun Chiu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Transumbilical minilaparotomy in low-birthweight newborns for complicated conditions
The purpose of this study is to examine the outcome of transumbilical minilaparotomy for infants and compare the results between normal birthweight (NBW) and low birthweight (LBW). (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 22, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Paul Chia-Yu Chang, Yu-Wei Fu, Yao-Jen Hsu, Hsuan Huang, Chin-Hung Wei Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Ultrasound screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip after 4 weeks increases exam accuracy and decreases follow-up visits
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a preventable and treatable disorder in children. Hip ultrasound is recommended for early detection of affected hips. The timing of the initial hip ultrasound and the frequency of subsequent ultrasounds are controversial topics when considering costs and efficiency. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 22, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Eric Carle Lussier, Yi-Ting Sun, Hui-Wen Chen, Tung-Yao Chang, Chia-Hsieh Chang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Acute retinal necrosis in a neonate with HSV II encephalitis
A 23-day-old term neonate was admitted with fever and seizure for 1 day. On examination, he was febrile and irritable. He also showed a bulging fontanel, nuchal rigidity, and the absence of skin lesions. Infection of the central nervous system was suspected. Examination of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) revealed a nuclear cell count of 360  × 106/l, with 76% of mononuclear cells, and a protein content of 1062 mg/l. PCR results of herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV II) DNA in both serum and CSF were positive. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 16, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Z.X. Ren, F. Xu, Z.W. Yao, B.Y. Li, Y.Q. Chang, Z.Y. Zhang, X.L. Huang, C. Nie, J. Yang Tags: Images Source Type: research

Feeding interval and use of donor breast milk for very low birthweight infants: A  nationwide survey in Japan
Enteral feeding is critical for postnatal growth of very low birthweight infants (VLBWI); however, a standard feeding strategy has not been established in Japan. A 2- or 3-h feeding interval is generally used, but no clear evidence supports either approach. Additionally, there is no nationwide breast milk bank in Japan and no consensus exists on the use of donor breast milk (DBM). To clarify the current feeding strategies for VLBWI in Japan, we undertook a nationwide survey. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 16, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Mariko Ashina, Kazumichi Fujioka, Satsuki Totsu, Hiromichi Shoji, Tokuo Miyazawa, Kazuko Wada, Kazumoto Iijima, Ichiro Morioka Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Psychosocial interventions for reduction of distress in children with leukemia during bone marrow aspiration and lumbar puncture
Children with cancer undergo many invasive medical procedures that are often painful and highly distressing, including bone marrow aspiration (BMA) and lumbar puncture (LP). Psychosocial interventions have been demonstrated to reduce children's distress resulting from invasive medical procedures. The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of psychosocial interventions to reduce distress in children with cancer undergoing BMA and LP in a pediatric cancer center in Taiwan. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 9, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hsin-Ju Hsiao, Shih-Hsiang Chen, Tang-Her Jaing, Chao-Ping Yang, Tsung-Yen Chang, Ming-Ying Li, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Jing-Long Huang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Association of VEGFA polymorphisms with necrotizing enterocolitis in Chinese Han population
To examine whether polymorphisms in the VEGFA gene lead to low VEGFA production in peripheral blood and increased risk of NEC in the Chinese Han population. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 9, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Xiaoyan Gao, Fei Ma, Hu Hao, Yiheng Dai, Weidong Liu, Xin Xiao, Pingmin Gao, Sitao Li Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Early predictors of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in full term newborn
Reliable predictive markers enabling physicians to identify which newborns will develop significant hyperbilirubinemia have become mandatory for prevention of severe hyperbilirunemia. We aimed at determining the critical cord serum bilirubin and albumin levels and bilirubin/albumin ratio early as reliable markers. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 9, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: May Ahmed Khairy, Walaa Alsharany Abuelhamd, Ismail Mohamed Elhawary, Ahmed Said Mahmoud Nabayel Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Vitamin D status correlates with the markers of cystic fibrosis-related pulmonary disease
The prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency remains high in cystic fibrosis despite daily supplementation. Vitamin D as an immunomodulator has been related to lower respiratory tract infections in children. The present study was undertaken to examine the association between vitamin D status and markers of cystic fibrosis-related pulmonary disease including exacerbations, bacterial colonization and pulmonary function. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 6, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Wasim Ahmad Wani, Mudasir Nazir, Javeed Iqbal Bhat, Ehsan-ul-haq Malik, Qazi Iqbal Ahmad, Bashir Ahmad Charoo, Syed Wajid Ali Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Risk factors for nosocomial infections after cardiac surgery in newborns with congenital heart disease
Nosocomial infections are important and can result in lethal complications after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD). It is even more critical in newborns. Garcia et  al. used a nested case-control study to evaluate the risk factors for nosocomial infections after cardiac surgery in newborns with CHD.1 From January 2012 to June 2014, 112 patients with CHD underwent cardiac surgery in a tertiary care level hospital in Mexico City, Mexico. Among these, 56 develop ed nosocomial infections, whereas another 56 patients without nosocomial infections were randomly selected from the cohort as a control group.&n...
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 1, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Pei-Lan Shao Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The association of early postnatal weight loss with outcome in extremely low birth weight infants
To compare outcomes of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants having different weight losses in the first 3 days of life. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - July 25, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hatice Tatar Aksoy, Nil üfer Güzoğlu, Zeynep Eras, İsmail Kürşad Gökçe, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Nurdan Uraş, S. Suna Oğuz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of oral zinc supplementation on zinc status and catch-up growth during the first 2  years of life in children with non-organic failure to thrive born preterm and at term
We aimed to analyze the effect of oral zinc supplementation on serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels and catch-up growth in infants with non-organic failure to thrive (NOFTT) who were born preterm as compared to those born at term. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - July 19, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Jin Min Cho, Ju Young Kim, Hye Ran Yang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Infant mortality rates based on two registration criteria for live births: A comparison of Taiwan with 26 European countries
Rankings of infant mortality rates (IMRs) are the most commonly cited international comparisons of health status1,2; however, because of international variation in registration criteria for live births, the comparability of IMRs across countries is compromised.3,4 Many countries (including Taiwan) have identified a live birth as any product of conception that shows signs of life at birth. However, some countries, such as France and the Netherlands, have adopted threshold criteria of 22 weeks of completed gestation or a birth weight cutoff of no less than 500  g. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - July 19, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Fu-Wen Liang, Min Chen, Mei-Hwan Wu, Hung-Chi Lue, Tung-liang Chiang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Novel mutations of IRF6 gene in Taiwanese Van der Woude syndrome patients
Orofacial clefts (OFC) are complex genetic traits that are often classified as syndromic or non-syndromic clefts. To date, over 500 types of syndromic clefts have been identified and listed in the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database (www.omim.org), and the underlying genetic factors for many of these have been identified. Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) (OMIM: 119300) is a dominantly inherited developmental disorder with high penetrance (96.7%) but variable expression.1 VWS is characterized by pits and/or sinuses of the lower lip, cleft lip (CL), cleft lip and  palate (CLP), or cleft palate only. (Source:...
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - July 6, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tzu-Jou Wang, Kai-Shen Hsieh, Jui-Pin Lai, Meng-Han Tsai, Yi-Chih Liang, Yen-Hsun Chang Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Association of body mass index and season with histamine skin reactivity in Chinese children with allergic rhinitis
To investigate the association between histamine skin reactivity and body mass index (BMI) and other clinical factors, 526 children (3 –6 years old) who underwent a skin-prick test (SPT) to diagnose allergic rhinitis were enrolled. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - July 5, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: You Yang, Manli Gu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Development of an asthma risk factors scale (ARFS) for risk assessment asthma screening in children
The study objective was to create asthma risk factors scale (ARFS) score that would be correlated with the increased risk of asthma in Lebanese children. This scale would eventually be used both to identify children at risk and assess early diagnosis of asthma. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - July 5, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Diana Malaeb, Rabih Hallit, Mirna Waked, Nelly Kheir, Pascale Salameh Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Association between rooming-in policy and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia
The practices promoted by the Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative have become a part of current mainstream postpartum infant care. Rooming-in to facilitate skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding is a major component of this initiative. However, whether rooming-in is associated with admission for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia has seldom been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between rooming-in and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 28, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ken-Hsyuan Shan, Teh-Ming Wang, Ming-Chih Lin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Diagnostic values of C-reactive protein and complete blood cell to identify invasive bacterial infection in young febrile infants
Newborn infants younger than 3 months old with a fever are frequently evaluated for the risk of invasive bacterial infections (IBIs), which include bacteremia and/or bacterial meningitis, in the pediatric emergency department (PED). The purpose of this study was to determine the individual complete blood cell count and biochemistry levels associated with IBIs in febrile infants. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 28, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: I-Min Chiu, Lin-Chi Huang, I-Lun Chen, Kuo-Su Tang, Ying-Hsien Huang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The prevalence and risk factors of atopic dermatitis in 6 –8 year-old first graders in Taipei
Despite the advance in the understanding of etiology, pathophysiology and diagnosis of atopic dermatitis (AD), its prevalence has increased annually in Taiwan. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 16, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ciao-Lin Ho, Lu-I Chang, Wei-Fong Wu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Corpus callosum and cerebellar vermis size in very preterm infants: Relationship to long-term neurodevelopmental outcome
This study aims to predict the long-term neurological outcomes by measuring these changes on neonatal brain ultrasound in preterm infants. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 15, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Po-Ming Wu, Hsin-I. Shih, Wen-Hao Yu, Li-Wen Chen, Lie-Chuan Wang, Chao-Ching Huang, Yi-Fang Tu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Validity of biomarkers in screening for neonatal sepsis – A single center –hospital based study
The diagnosis of neonatal sepsis still considered to be a challenge for both clinicians and the laboratory due to the non-specific clinical presentations. The present study aimed to compare and assess the diagnostic& prognostic values of C-reactive protein (CRP), high sensitivity CRP (hsCRP), presepsin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and procalcitonin (PCT) in neonatal sepsis separately and in combination. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 9, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Nagwan I. Rashwan, Mohammed H. Hassan, Zeinab M. Mohey El-Deen, Ahmed El-Abd Ahmed Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

How the absence of infrarenal inferior vena cava can mimic lymphoma
A 14-year-old girl was presented to the emergency department with low back pain after a spinal trauma. Unenhanced computed tomography (CT) of the spine revealed a compression vertebral fracture of the first lumbar vertebral body. Furthermore, upon examination of the CT images by soft tissue window, the physicians noticed several retroperitoneal para-aortic masses most likely attributable to lymphadenopathies (Fig.  1 – white arrow). These findings suggest, as the most plausible diagnosis, lymphoma with involvement of retroperitoneal lymph nodes. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 9, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Paolo Spinnato, Alberto Bazzocchi, Ugo Albisinni Tags: Images Source Type: research

Acute kidney injury after pediatric cardiac surgery
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of pediatric cardiac surgery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Literature of AKI after pediatric cardiac surgery is comprehensively reviewed in terms of incidence, risk factors, biomarkers, treatment and prognosis. The novel RIFLE (pediatric RIFLE for pediatrics), Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria have brought about unified diagnostic standards and comparable results for AKI after cardiac surgery. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 8, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Shi-Min Yuan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Peripheral hemophagocytosis: A rapid clue to severe sepsis and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
A 42-day-old girl, born at 36 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 2.1  kg, was referred to our hospital from a neighboring country with complaints of 10 days of persistent fever, anemia, and severe thrombocytopenia. Initial physical examination findings revealed jaundice and significant hepatosplenomegaly. Vital signs were stable, and no oxygen was required. Complete blood count, after recent red cell and platelet transfusions, revealed hemoglobin 9.0 g/dL, WBC 22.57 × 109/L, and platelet 11 × 109/L. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 7, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Anselm Chi-wai Lee, Kenny Ee, Nancy Tan Tags: Images Source Type: research

Toxoplasma lymphadenitis caused by ingestion of raw blood and meat of deer in a 10-year-old boy
Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans usually develops through the ingestion of raw or undercooked meat from an infected animal.1 The presence of T. gondii DNA has been recently reported in the blood and milk of livestock, which can thus be another potential source of infection through the oral route.2 (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 5, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chun Soo Kim, Dong Seok Kim, Hye Ra Jung Tags: Images Source Type: research

Prominent T-wave and ST-segment elevation on electrocardiogram during neonatal seizure
A female infant weighing 2476  g was delivered at 38 weeks of gestation. Since the infant appeared apneic, mechanical ventilation was started. The infant also showed muscle wasting and hypotonia, conspicuous fasciculations of the lingula, absent motility, and areflexia, which were clearly indicative of severe neuromuscular impa irment. In addition, scoliosis, bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, and bilateral cataracts were identified. The laboratory data from blood and cerebrospinal fluid examinations and any genetic test showed normal findings. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 5, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tomomasa Terada, Kazuhiro Mori, Miki Inoue, Miki Shono, Yoshihiro Toda Tags: Images Source Type: research

Acrodermatitis dysmetabolica in phenylketonuria
A 17-month-old girl with a history of phenylketonuria (PKU) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) secondary to unilateral renal agenesis presented with failure to thrive, diarrhea, and an extensive skin rash. Her parents reported increased irritability, decreased oral intake, and a gradually worsening rash over the last 14 days, with watery diarrhea present for 3 days. The patient was on a special amino-acid-restricted diet formula since birth for PKU and CKD. On examination, a diffuse erythematous confluent rash was present in the perioral region and the inguinal and perianal areas (as shown in Figs. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 5, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Krishna Kishore Umapathi, Aravind Thavamani Tags: Images Source Type: research

Monitoring of liver stiffness by transient elastography during the treatment of Gaucher disease
Gaucher disease (GD) is a sphingolipid storage disease, that is caused due to a deficiency in β-glucocerebrosidase (EC 3.2.1.45, acid β-glucosidase, GBA) activity. A deficiency in GBA activity leads to the accumulation of glucocerebroside in macrophages (Gaucher cells) in the bone marrow, liver, spleen, and brain. Children affected with GD show the symptoms of a failure to thrive, thromboc ytopenia, anemia, and hepatosplenomegaly. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human GBA (rhGBA) can reduce hepatosplenomegaly, increase hemoglobin level and platelet count, and increase bone mineral density. (Sour...
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 2, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chia-Yi Chin, Chien-Ting Hsu, Chee-Seng Lee, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Jia-Feng Wu Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Uncommon pediatric stroke caused by MCA dissection presenting as initial loss of consciousness
Childhood stroke is rare, and its reported incidence rate is 1.3 –1.6 per 100,000 children per year. In children and young adults, the most common etiologies and risk factors include congenital and acquired cardiac abnormalities, vasculopathies, hematological abnormalities, metabolic disorders, infections, head and neck trauma, illicit drug ingestion, and genet ic conditions.1 Herein, we report the case of a young patient with middle cerebral artery (MCA) dissection (MCAD) stroke, who first presented with seizure and loss of consciousness without aura. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 25, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Kha-Liang Lee, Ying-Chi Tseng, Shun-Tai Yang, Yung-Ting Kuo Tags: Images Source Type: research

An outbreak of hemolytic uremic syndrome in southern Romania during 2015 –2016: Epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory, microbiologic, therapeutic and outcome characteristics
To describe the epidemiologic, clinical, microbiological, therapeutic and outcome characteristics of a HUS outbreak occurring in southern Romania from 2015 to 2016. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 25, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Mihaela Balgradean, Anca Croitoru, Eugene Leibovitz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal polyposis and microsporidia infection in a HIV-infected child
Pediatric gastrointestinal polyps are mostly benign1; however, further considerations are warranted in immune-compromised patients.2 Here, we report gastrointestinal polyposis with microsporidia infection in a five-year-old girl with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and poor therapy compliance. The mother was HIV positive and not on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HART). (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 24, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Kok Joo Chan, Sik Yong Ong, Binti Mahmud Rohela, Way Seah Lee Tags: Images Source Type: research

Clinical and nutritional outcome of pediatric esophageal stenosis with endoscopic balloon dilatation
The present study evaluates the long-term clinical and nutritional effect to endoscopic balloon dilatation (EBD) in pediatric esophageal stricture. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 22, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chun-Hsiang Chang, Hsun-Chin Chao, Man-Shan Kong, Shih-Yen Chen, Chien-Chang Chen, Ming-Wei Lai Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Does type of feeding affect body composition in very low birth weight infants? – A prospective cohort study
The aim of the study was to analyse body composition of preterm infants fed with either breast milk or formula compared to a control group of full-term newborns. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 18, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: M ól Nina, Zasada Magdalena, Kwinta Przemko Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Fixation of lung apex in spontaneous pneumothorax is safe and efficient in decrease recurrences
Video-assisted thoracoscopic bullectomy with pleurodesis is widely used to treat spontaneous pneumothorax. However, 1% –3% of patients experience postoperative complications that may require reoperation, such as bleeding or prolonged air leaks, and 3%–7% of patients require a repeat thoracoscopic bullectomy due to recurrence. Therefore, a modified procedure with improved outcomes is required. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 17, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Wendy Yang, Pei-Yeh Chang, Ai-Hua Yeh, Yung-Ching Ming, Jeng Chang Chen, Jin-Yao Lai Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The value of peripheral perfusion index measurements for early detection of critical cardiac defects
In this study, we aimed to investigate the additional value of peripheral perfusion index (PPI) measurements to pulse oximetry screening for critical CHD (CCHD). (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 15, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ozgun Uygur, Ozge Altun Koroglu, Erturk Levent, Merve Tosyali, Mete Akisu, Mehmet Yalaz, Nilgun Kultursay Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Next-generation sequencing identifies TRPV4-related skeletal dysplasia in a boy with progressive bowlegs
Angular deformities of the lower limbs are common during childhood. In children under 2 years of age, bowleg (genu varum) may represent a normal physiological process. In certain circumstances, pathologic bowlegs result from Blount disease, rickets and other metabolic bone diseases, skeletal dysplasia, asymmetric growth secondary to infection, trauma and neoplasia even in a child without a family history.1 (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 15, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Rai-Hseng Hsu, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Ming Chen, I-Fang Chung, Steven Shinn-Forng Peng, Chen-Yang Chen, Wei-Chung Cheng, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Ni-Chung Lee Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Clinical spectrum of acute poisoning in children admitted to the pediatric emergency department
This study investigated the epidemiology of poisoning among children admitted to an emergency department (ED). (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 8, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Jung Lee, Nai-Chia Fan, Tsung-Chieh Yao, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, En-Pei Lee, Jing-Long Huang, Han-Ping Wu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prolonged length of stay for acute hospital admissions as the increasing of age: A nationwide population study for Taiwan's patients with cerebral palsy
This study determined common reasons for acute hospitalizations and the LOSs among children, adolescents, and young adults with CP. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 5, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Kuo-Liang Chiang, Chin-Yin Huang, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Fang-Chuan Kuo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Congenital tuberculosis after in  vitro fertilization presenting with endobronchial granuloma
Congenital tuberculosis (TB) is a rare and severe presentation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The infection may be transmitted to the fetus by hematogenous spread from the placenta or by the aspiration or ingestion of contaminated amniotic fluid at delivery. Mortality of congenital TB is very high at 50% of untreated infants and 20% of those receiving therapy. The diagnosis is based on revised criteria by Cantwell. Early diagnosis of congenital TB is challenging because of nonspecific symptoms and poor sensitivity of diagnostic tests such as the tuberculin skin test (TST) and interferon- γ release assay. (S...
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - April 30, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Elisabetta Venturini, Carlotta Montagnani, Antonio Boldrini, Marco Moroni, Elena Chiappini, Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Accessory lobe of the liver in a 14-year-old girl
Accessory lobe of the liver (ALL) is an uncommon congenital anomaly caused by embryonic hyperplasia. It is defined as an extra liver lobe attached to the normal liver with or without a stalk, mostly found in the infra-hepatic region. The exact incidence of ALL remains unknown, but the incidences of ALL and ectopic liver have been reported to be less than 1%.1 More than 30 cases of ALL have been reported in the literature, but only one case involving an adult patient has been documented in Taiwan. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - April 26, 2018 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hsin-Yeh Lin, Chien-Chang Chen, Man-Shan Kong Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research