Factors Determining Bone Mineral Density in Patients with Biliary Atresia after a Successful Kasai Operation
Hepatic osteodystrophy is a common complication in patients with chronic liver disease, however, bone mineral status in patients with biliary atresia has rarely been investigated. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 27, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ming-Huei Chen, Jiaan-Der Wang, Chia-Man Chou, Chieh-Chung Lin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Risk Factors and Management of Urinary Tract Infections in Children Aged 3 Months to 2 Years
Pediatric urinary tract infections (UTIs) include a range of asymptomatic bacteriuria, lower UTIs (i.e., cystitis), acute pyelonephritis, acute lobar nephronia, and severe renal abscess formation. If not properly treated, pediatric UTIs can result in renal scar formation and subsequently, a deterioration of renal function. Hence, pediatric UTIs have attracted wide attention, both from the clinical and general viewpoints.1,2 To provide a clinically consistent and cost-effective practice for the diagnosis, treatment, and further management of pediatric UTIs, the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, ...
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 27, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chi-Hui Cheng, Yhu-Chering Huang Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Extubation Failure in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants
Although antenatal steroids and early use nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) have significantly improved outcomes of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, intubation with ventilator support is still commonly required in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The optimal timing of extubation in ELBW infants remains unclear. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 24, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Shih-Hsin Wang, Jyun-You Liou, Chien-Yi Chen, Hung-Chieh Chou, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Po-Nien Tsao Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Maternal Stress During Gestation: Birth Outcomes and the Stress-related Hormone Response of Neonates
We read with great interest the article by Qian Su et  al1, wherein they analyzed the effects of prenatal maternal stress on neonatal birth outcomes, neurobehavioral outcomes, and the stress-related hormone response of the neonates. The authors concluded that exposure to prenatal maternal stress results in negative outcomes in neonates. While we fully agree that the human fetus is sensitive to prenatal maternal stress, there are several issues that require further discussion concerning the interpretation of these study results. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 24, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chien-Yu Huang, Po-Nien Tsao Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Extubation Failure in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants
Although antenatal steroids and early use nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) have significantly improved outcomes of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, intubation with ventilator support is still commonly required in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The optimal timing of extubation in ELBW infants remains unclear. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 24, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Shih-Hsin Wang, Jyun-You Liou, Chien-Yi Chen, Hung-Chieh Chou, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Po-Nien Tsao Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Maternal Stress During Gestation: Birth Outcomes and the Stress-related Hormone Response of Neonates
We read with great interest the article by Qian Su et al1, wherein they analyzed the effects of prenatal maternal stress on neonatal birth outcomes, neurobehavioral outcomes, and the stress-related hormone response of the neonates. The authors concluded that exposure to prenatal maternal stress results in negative outcomes in neonates. While we fully agree that the human fetus is sensitive to prenatal maternal stress, there are several issues that require further discussion concerning the interpretation of these study results. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 24, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chien-Yu Huang, Po-Nien Tsao Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Early Erythropoietin Administration does not Increase the Risk of Retinopathy in Preterm Infants
Erythropoietin (EPO) administration prevents anemia of prematurity and may be associated with a significant increase in the risk of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. Nonetheless, early EPO treatment may prevent damage following retinal neovascularization. The aim of this meta-analysis was to elucidate whether EPO administration increases the risk of ROP. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 23, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hsin-Hsu Chou, Mei-Yung Chung, Xiao-Guang Zhou, Hung-Chih Lin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Longitudinal Follow-up of Chronic Pulmonary Manifestations in Esophageal Atresia: A Clinical Algorithm and Review of the Literature
In the past decades improved surgical techniques and better neonatal supportive care have resulted in reduced mortality of patients with esophageal atresia (EA), with or without tracheoesophageal fistula, and in increased prevalence of long-term complications, especially respiratory manifestations. This integrative review describes the techniques currently used in the pediatric clinical practice for assessing EA-related respiratory disease. We also present a novel algorithm for the evaluation and surveillance of lung disease in EA. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 18, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Virginia Mirra, Marco Maglione, Laida L. Di Micco, Silvia Montella, Francesca Santamaria Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Maternal and Placental Risk Factors for Developing Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Very Preterm Infants
Despite the clinical relevance of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), it remains difficult to predict which preterm infants are more likely to develop NEC. Contrary to the neonatal risk factors for the development of NEC, little information is available regarding maternal (prenatal) risk factors. We aimed to identify maternal risk factors associated with the subsequent development of NEC in very preterm infants and to determine whether the placental inflammatory lesions were related to the NEC. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 18, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ju young Lee, Kyo Hoon Park, Ahra Kim, Hye Ran Yang, Eun Young Jung, Soo Hyun Cho Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Longitudinal Follow-up of Chronic Pulmonary Manifestations in Esophageal Atresia: A Clinical Algorithm and Review of the Literature
In the past decades improved surgical techniques and better neonatal supportive care have resulted in reduced mortality of patients with esophageal atresia (EA), with or without tracheoesophageal fistula, and in increased prevalence of long-term complications, especially respiratory manifestations. This integrative review describes the techniques currently used in the pediatric clinical practice for assessing EA-related respiratory disease. We also present a novel algorithm for the evaluation and surveillance of lung disease in EA. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 18, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Virginia Mirra, Marco Maglione, Laida L. Di Micco, Silvia Montella, Francesca Santamaria Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Maternal and Placental Risk Factors for Developing Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Very Preterm Infants
Despite the clinical relevance of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), it remains difficult to predict which preterm infants are more likely to develop NEC. Contrary to the neonatal risk factors for the development of NEC, little information is available regarding maternal (prenatal) risk factors. We aimed to identify maternal risk factors associated with the subsequent development of NEC in very preterm infants and to determine whether the placental inflammatory lesions were related to the NEC. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 18, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ju young Lee, Kyo Hoon Park, Ahra Kim, Hye Ran Yang, Eun Young Jung, Soo Hyun Cho Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Presentation of H-Type Tracheoesophageal Fistula in Two Adolescents: Delayed Diagnosis
Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) results from the failure of lateral septation on the digestive and respiratory tracts during the embryonic stage of development. TEF is usually diagnosed during infancy, because> 98% of patients with TEF are associated with atresia of the esophagus which may have potential life-threatening complications.1 The isolated fistula without esophageal atresia, termed as H-type, accounts for approximately 4% of tracheoesophageal malformations. Early diagnosis of H-type TEF can be difficult because of nonspecific symptoms. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 17, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Deniz Aygun, Senol Emre, Serdar Nepesov, Gonca Tekant, Haluk Cokugras, Y ıldız Camcıoglu Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Pulmonary Hypoplasia Induced by Oligohydramnios: Findings from Animal Models and a Population-Based Study
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a substantial cause of death in newborn infants, and oligohydramnios is one of the most commonly associated abnormalities. Lung growth is influenced by physical factors such as the intrauterine space, lung liquid volume and pressure, and fetal breathing movements. During lung development, the main physical force experienced by the lungs is stretching induced by breathing movements and the lung fluid in the airspaces. Oligohydramnios reduces the intrathoracic cavity size, thus disrupting fetal lung growth and leading to pulmonary hypoplasia. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 17, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chun-Shan Wu, Chung-Ming Chen, Hsiu-Chu Chou Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Presentation of H-Type Tracheoesophageal Fistula in Two Adolescents: Delayed Diagnosis
Congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) results from the failure of lateral septation on the digestive and respiratory tracts during the embryonic stage of development. TEF is usually diagnosed during infancy, because>98% of patients with TEF are associated with atresia of the esophagus which may have potential life-threatening complications.1 The isolated fistula without esophageal atresia, termed as H-type, accounts for approximately 4% of tracheoesophageal malformations. Early diagnosis of H-type TEF can be difficult because of nonspecific symptoms. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 17, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Deniz Aygun, Senol Emre, Serdar Nepesov, Gonca Tekant, Haluk Cokugras, Yıldız Camcıoglu Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Pulmonary Hypoplasia Induced by Oligohydramnios: Findings from Animal Models and a Population-Based Study
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a substantial cause of death in newborn infants, and oligohydramnios is one of the most commonly associated abnormalities. Lung growth is influenced by physical factors such as the intrauterine space, lung liquid volume and pressure, and fetal breathing movements. During lung development, the main physical force experienced by the lungs is stretching induced by breathing movements and the lung fluid in the airspaces. Oligohydramnios reduces the intrathoracic cavity size, thus disrupting fetal lung growth and leading to pulmonary hypoplasia. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 17, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chun-Shan Wu, Chung-Ming Chen, Hsiu-Chu Chou Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Correlates of Elevated Interleukin-6 and 8-Hydroxy-2 ′-Deoxyguanosine Levels in Tracheal Aspirates from Very Low Birth Weight Infants Who Develop Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains the most common complication of very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants, and inflammatory regulation plays a role in the development of the BPD. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has an important role in airway inflammation and therefore can be used as a marker of airway injury. The study aimed to compare the changes between IL-6 and oxidative stress marker with 8-hydroxy-2 ′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) from serum and tracheal aspiration (TA) in VLBW preterm infants following development of BPD. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 16, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chien-Chou Hsiao, Jui-Chih Chang, Lon-Yen Tsao, Rei-Cheng Yang, Hsiao-Neng Chen, Cheng-Han Lee, Ching-Yuang Lin, Yi-Giien Tsai Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Correlates of Elevated Interleukin-6 and 8-Hydroxy-2′-Deoxyguanosine Levels in Tracheal Aspirates from Very Low Birth Weight Infants Who Develop Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains the most common complication of very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants, and inflammatory regulation plays a role in the development of the BPD. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has an important role in airway inflammation and therefore can be used as a marker of airway injury. The study aimed to compare the changes between IL-6 and oxidative stress marker with 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) from serum and tracheal aspiration (TA) in VLBW preterm infants following development of BPD. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 16, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chien-Chou Hsiao, Jui-Chih Chang, Lon-Yen Tsao, Rei-Cheng Yang, Hsiao-Neng Chen, Cheng-Han Lee, Ching-Yuang Lin, Yi-Giien Tsai Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Scrotal Hematoma as a Sign of Subcapsular Liver Hematoma in a Preterm Infant
Neonatal subcapsular liver hematoma (SLH) occurs in ∼15% of neonates due to several risk factors, including trauma, prematurity, tracheal intubation, and umbilical venous catheterization.1–4 Previously, only one full-term infant has been reported with isolated scrotal wall hematoma as a result of SLH in the medical literature.1 This is the first case report of an isolated scrotal hematoma in a preterm infant due to SLH. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 14, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ozkan Ilhan, Esra Arun Ozer, Yeliz Pekcevik, Senem Alkan Ozdemir, Sinem Akbay, Seyma Memur, Berat Kanar, Mustafa Mansur Tatli Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Reliability of Malondialdehyde Measurements as a Marker of Oxidative Stress in Pediatrics
We read with interest a recent article1 reporting the variations in serum malondialdehyde (MDA), S100B, and advanced oxidation protein products in hyperbilirubinemia and healthy controls. Sarici et  al1 found significant increases in MDA levels in affected cases as compared with the control group and also reported a significant change after intensive phototherapy. The authors1 mentioned MDA as one of the most frequently used indicators of lipid peroxidation and clearly discussed numerous cont roversial findings from the literature. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 4, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Maryam Khoubnasabjafari, Khalil Ansarin, Abolghasem Jouyban Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Association of Rho-kinase Gene Polymorphisms with Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Preterm Neonates
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Our objective was to determine the association between Rho-kinase (ROCK1 and ROCK2) gene polymorphisms and RDS in preterm neonates. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 4, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: G ül Kaya, Ercan Sivasli, Serdar Oztuzcu, Nuriye A. Melekoglu, Esma Ozkara, Unal Sarikabadayi, Abdullah T. Demiryürek Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Reliability of Malondialdehyde Measurements as a Marker of Oxidative Stress in Pediatrics
We read with interest a recent article1 reporting the variations in serum malondialdehyde (MDA), S100B, and advanced oxidation protein products in hyperbilirubinemia and healthy controls. Sarici et al1 found significant increases in MDA levels in affected cases as compared with the control group and also reported a significant change after intensive phototherapy. The authors1 mentioned MDA as one of the most frequently used indicators of lipid peroxidation and clearly discussed numerous controversial findings from the literature. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 4, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Maryam Khoubnasabjafari, Khalil Ansarin, Abolghasem Jouyban Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Association of Rho-kinase Gene Polymorphisms with Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Preterm Neonates
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Our objective was to determine the association between Rho-kinase (ROCK1 and ROCK2) gene polymorphisms and RDS in preterm neonates. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 4, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Gül Kaya, Ercan Sivasli, Serdar Oztuzcu, Nuriye A. Melekoglu, Esma Ozkara, Unal Sarikabadayi, Abdullah T. Demiryürek Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Acute Fatal Alcohol Intoxication in a 3-Day-Old Neonate
There are few reports on alcohol intoxication in infants, and associated death has never been reported. A literature search showed nine cases of alcohol intoxication involving infants
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 2, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chang-Teng Wu, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Chyi-Liang Chen, Hao-Yuan Lee Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Acute Fatal Alcohol Intoxication in a 3-Day-Old Neonate
There are few reports on alcohol intoxication in infants, and associated death has never been reported. A literature search showed nine cases of alcohol intoxication involving infants (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 2, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Chang-Teng Wu, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Chyi-Liang Chen, Hao-Yuan Lee Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Unusual Case of Multiple Lateral Spinal Dermal Sinuses in a Child
Walker and Bucy (cited by Carrillo et  al1) first used the term “congenital dermal sinus” in 1934 to describe a rare form of spinal dysraphism resulting from an incomplete separation of the neural ectoderm from the epithelial ectoderm in the early embryologic development. As is true with other forms of spinal dysraphism, the tract can be located in or near the midline anywhere from the coccyx to the cervical region, with 75% of the tract observed in the lumbar and lumbosacral areas.2,3 The tract is most often unique, associated with local skin markers. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 1, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Khansa Abderrahmen, Jallel Kallel, Hafedh Jemel Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Acid Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Apparent Life-Threatening Events: Simultaneous pH-metry and Cardiorespiratory Monitoring
To investigate the prevalence and the characteristics of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants with apparent life threatening events (ALTE). (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 1, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Francesco Macchini, Anna Morandi, Paola Cognizzoli, Giorgio Farris, Valerio Gentilino, Andrea Zanini, Ernesto Leva Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Unusual Case of Multiple Lateral Spinal Dermal Sinuses in a Child
Walker and Bucy (cited by Carrillo et al1) first used the term “congenital dermal sinus” in 1934 to describe a rare form of spinal dysraphism resulting from an incomplete separation of the neural ectoderm from the epithelial ectoderm in the early embryologic development. As is true with other forms of spinal dysraphism, the tract can be located in or near the midline anywhere from the coccyx to the cervical region, with 75% of the tract observed in the lumbar and lumbosacral areas.2,3 The tract is most often unique, associated with local skin markers. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 1, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Khansa Abderrahmen, Jallel Kallel, Hafedh Jemel Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Acid Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Apparent Life-Threatening Events: Simultaneous pH-metry and Cardiorespiratory Monitoring
To investigate the prevalence and the characteristics of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants with apparent life threatening events (ALTE). (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - June 1, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Francesco Macchini, Anna Morandi, Paola Cognizzoli, Giorgio Farris, Valerio Gentilino, Andrea Zanini, Ernesto Leva Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Double Tracheoesophageal Fistula and Azygos Lobe
On Day 3 of life, a term female neonate, whose mother had gone through normal pregnancy and delivery, developed dyspnea and cyanosis during feeding. Chest X-ray demonstrated infiltration in the right upper lobe. Aspiration pneumonia was diagnosed, then antibiotic therapy was initiated, and enteral feeding was discontinued. After the feeding bottle was reintroduced, regurgitation, cyanosis, and coughing reappeared. Esophageal pH monitoring excluded gastroesophageal reflux and video-fluorographic swallowing study revealed no motor alterations. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 29, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Maria Pia De Carolis, Carmen Cocca, Francesco Cota, Giovanni Pinna, Serena Antonia Rubortone, Costantino Romagnoli, Lorenzo Mirabile, Paola Serio Tags: Pediatric images Source Type: research

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Low Birth Weight Neonates at a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Retrospective Observational Study
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common healthcare-associated infections among ventilated patients. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics and risk factors for the development of VAP in intubated low birth weight (LBW) neonates in a neonatal intensive care unit. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 27, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Pei-Lun Lee, Wei-Te Lee, Hsiu-Lin Chen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Repeated Courses of Oral Ibuprofen in Premature Infants with Patent Ductus Arteriosus: Efficacy and Safety
This study aimed to describe patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure rates and adverse events after repeated courses of OIBU in premature infants with PDA. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 27, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ha şim Olgun, Naci Ceviz, İbrahim Kartal, İbrahim Caner, Mehmet Karacan, Ayhan Taştekin, Necip Becit Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Low Birth Weight Neonates at a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Retrospective Observational Study
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common healthcare-associated infections among ventilated patients. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics and risk factors for the development of VAP in intubated low birth weight (LBW) neonates in a neonatal intensive care unit. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 27, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Pei-Lun Lee, Wei-Te Lee, Hsiu-Lin Chen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Repeated Courses of Oral Ibuprofen in Premature Infants with Patent Ductus Arteriosus: Efficacy and Safety
This study aimed to describe patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure rates and adverse events after repeated courses of OIBU in premature infants with PDA. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 27, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Haşim Olgun, Naci Ceviz, İbrahim Kartal, İbrahim Caner, Mehmet Karacan, Ayhan Taştekin, Necip Becit Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Congenital Tuberculosis after in-vitro Fertilization in a Woman Previously Undiagnosed with Tuberculosis Salpingitis
Congenital tuberculosis (TB) is rarely seen with only several hundred cases reported in the literature.1,2 Because genitourinary TB causes infertility, rates of congenital TB have been low. However, the increased availability of assisted reproductive technology allows emergence of congenital TB if mothers are not properly evaluated and treated before implantation of the embryos.2 (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 24, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Nagehan Emiralioglu, Deniz Dogru, Berna Oguz, Ebru Yalcin, Ugur Ozcelik, Bahadir Konuskan, Ali B ülent Cengiz, Nural Kiper Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Intramuscular Venous Malformation in an Infant Masquerading as Recurrent Gonarthritis
Vascular malformations, commonly misdiagnosed and mistreated as hemangiomas, are rare congenital abnormalities in the vasculature. Venous malformation (VM) is one of the most common vascular malformations and is easily diagnosed by skin discoloration when it involves the skin or superficial tissue. However, deep-sited VM may only manifest as a subcutaneous mass or can even be asymptomatic.1,2 Particularly in patients with predominantly intramuscular VM, symptoms often develop later in life as physical activity induced pain with no fever or inflammatory responses emerging except in the case of infectious complications. (Sou...
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 21, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Etsuro Nanishi, Takayuki Hoshina, Hisanori Nishio, Murasaki Aman, Akio Sakamoto, Shouichi Ohga, Toshiro Hara Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Efficacy of Medical Treatment for Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis: A  Meta-analysis
Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is a common disease in infancy. Pyloromyotomy is universally considered the treatment for IHPS; however, oral or intravenous atropine has been reappraised for the treatment of IHPS in the past 20  years. We investigated the efficacy of atropine in the medical management of IHPS by using meta-analysis and investigated the sonographic changes of the pyloric canal, as well as the efficacy and adverse effects of atropine. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 20, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Shu Fen Wu, Hsiang Yu Lin, Fu Kuei Huang, An Chyi Chen, Bai Horng Su, Chia-Ing Li, Hung Chih Lin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Septicemia after Barium Reduction in a Pediatric Patient with Intussusception
Air, water, or contrast enema reduction is the modality of choice for managing intussusception. Fever, bowel perforation, and hypovolemic shock are potential postreduction complications.1 –3 Septicemia postreduction for intussusception has not been reported. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 20, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hung Chang, Hong-Hsiang Hu, Ming-Fang Cheng, Chi-Hsiang Kao, Ying-Tso Shen, Sheng-Kai Sheu, I-Fei Huang Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Picky Eating Behaviors Linked to Inappropriate Caregiver –Child Interaction, Caregiver Intervention, and Impaired General Development in Children
To investigate the differences in eating behaviors between picky and nonpicky eaters, and to correlate parental management of children's eating problems with qualities of general development in children. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 20, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hsun-Chin Chao, Hsueh-Ling Chang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Efficacy of Medical Treatment for Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis: A  Meta-analysis
Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is a common disease in infancy. Pyloromyotomy is universally considered the treatment for IHPS; however, oral or intravenous atropine has been reappraised for the treatment of IHPS in the past 20  years. We investigated the efficacy of atropine in the medical management of IHPS by using meta-analysis and investigated the sonographic changes of the pyloric canal, as well as the efficacy and adverse effects of atropine. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 20, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Shu Fen Wu, Hsiang Yu Lin, Fu Kuei Huang, An Chyi Chen, Bai Horng Su, Chia-Ing Li, Hung Chih Lin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Picky Eating Behaviors Linked to Inappropriate Caregiver –Child Interaction, Caregiver Intervention, and Impaired General Development in Children
To investigate the differences in eating behaviors between picky and nonpicky eaters, and to correlate parental management of children's eating problems with qualities of general development in children. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 20, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hsun-Chin Chao, Hsueh-Ling Chang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Efficacy of Medical Treatment for Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis: A Meta-analysis
Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is a common disease in infancy. Pyloromyotomy is universally considered the treatment for IHPS; however, oral or intravenous atropine has been reappraised for the treatment of IHPS in the past 20 years. We investigated the efficacy of atropine in the medical management of IHPS by using meta-analysis and investigated the sonographic changes of the pyloric canal, as well as the efficacy and adverse effects of atropine. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 20, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Shu Fen Wu, Hsiang Yu Lin, Fu Kuei Huang, An Chyi Chen, Bai Horng Su, Chia-Ing Li, Hung Chih Lin Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Septicemia after Barium Reduction in a Pediatric Patient with Intussusception
Air, water, or contrast enema reduction is the modality of choice for managing intussusception. Fever, bowel perforation, and hypovolemic shock are potential postreduction complications.1–3 Septicemia postreduction for intussusception has not been reported. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 20, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hung Chang, Hong-Hsiang Hu, Ming-Fang Cheng, Chi-Hsiang Kao, Ying-Tso Shen, Sheng-Kai Sheu, I-Fei Huang Tags: Brief communication Source Type: research

Picky Eating Behaviors Linked to Inappropriate Caregiver–Child Interaction, Caregiver Intervention, and Impaired General Development in Children
To investigate the differences in eating behaviors between picky and nonpicky eaters, and to correlate parental management of children's eating problems with qualities of general development in children. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 20, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Hsun-Chin Chao, Hsueh-Ling Chang Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Is the Antiglobulin Test a Good Marker for Predicting the Development of Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn in ABO Incompatibility?
We read with great interest the article by Valsami et  al1 that reported the importance of the direct antiglobulin test (DAT) in cord blood for predicting the development of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN). They concluded that, although ABO incompatibility remains the main cause of a positive DAT, other causes, such as alloimmunization and drug interactions should also be investigated. In addition, they suggested that the relevant impact of DAT positivity on the development of HDN should be considered. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 19, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Mustafa Aydin, Ugur Deveci, Aysen Orman, Erdal Taskin Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research