Introduction to the artificial intelligence in pediatric radiology imaging special issue
(Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 8, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal imaging in neonates: use of ultrasound
AbstractHigh-resolution US is a practical, cost-effective modality to evaluate the musculoskeletal system in neonates. US can be performed portably in the neonatal intensive care unit so that the critically ill infant can be evaluated with minimal distress. Sonography is noninvasive and does not require sedation; typical questions that might require the use of MRI or CT in older children can be rapidly resolved with US. Dynamic imaging can be used in real time to stress joints and see how articular structures relate. Given the advantages of US within the neonatal population, it has been widely used to evaluate for neonatal...
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 7, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Beyond reflux: the spectrum of voiding cystourethrogram findings in the pediatric population
AbstractVoiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is a widely accepted radiographic imaging technique that has been traditionally used for identifying vesicoureteral reflux in children. Given the simultaneous evaluation of the lower urinary tract that is afforded by VCUG, many common and uncommon abnormalities of the ureters, bladder and urethra can also be elucidated. Knowledge of the appearance of these urological entities may facilitate their proper identification. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 6, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Perianal magnetic resonance imaging findings and their potential impact on outcome in children with perianal fistulizing Crohn disease
ConclusionAge and anatomical MR features indicating fistula complexity (branching, supralevator extension) and sphincter damage confer a higher risk of subsequent surgical intervention in children with perianal Crohn disease. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 6, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Beyond reflux: the spectrum of voiding cystourethrogram findings in the pediatric population
AbstractVoiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is a widely accepted radiographic imaging technique that has been traditionally used for identifying vesicoureteral reflux in children. Given the simultaneous evaluation of the lower urinary tract that is afforded by VCUG, many common and uncommon abnormalities of the ureters, bladder and urethra can also be elucidated. Knowledge of the appearance of these urological entities may facilitate their proper identification. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 6, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Perianal magnetic resonance imaging findings and their potential impact on outcome in children with perianal fistulizing Crohn disease
ConclusionAge and anatomical MR features indicating fistula complexity (branching, supralevator extension) and sphincter damage confer a higher risk of subsequent surgical intervention in children with perianal Crohn disease. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 6, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

European guideline for imaging in paediatric and adolescent rhabdomyosarcoma — joint statement by the European Paediatric Soft Tissue Sarcoma Study Group, the Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Studiengruppe and the Oncology Task Force of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology
AbstractAppropriate imaging is essential in the treatment of children and adolescents with rhabdomyosarcoma. For adequate stratification and optimal individualised local treatment utilising surgery and radiotherapy, high-quality imaging is crucial. The paediatric radiologist, therefore, is an essential member of the multi-disciplinary team providing clinical care and research. This manuscript presents the European rhabdomyosarcoma imaging guideline, based on the recently developed guideline of the European Paediatric Soft Tissue Sarcoma Study Group (EpSSG) Imaging Committee. This guideline was developed in collaboration be...
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 1, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Safety and diagnostic efficacy of gadoteridol for magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spine in children 2  years of age and younger
ConclusionGadoteridol at 0.1  mmol/kg body weight is safe, well tolerated and effective for contrast-enhanced MRI of the CNS in children ≤2 years of age. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 1, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contribution of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in the analysis of fetal craniofacial malformations
AbstractA wide range of craniofacial malformations can be diagnosed in utero using ultrasonography. However, even with highly experienced sonographers and diagnostic physicians and optimal conditions of examination, some anatomical structures cannot be properly analyzed by this technique. The aim of this pictorial essay is to show the additional value of fetal magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography in this setting and to illustrate the role of these modalities in facial clefts; craniosynostosis; ear, eye and nose abnormalities; otomandibular dysplasias; and facial cephaloceles. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 1, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Brain fetal magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate maturation of normal white matter during the third trimester of pregnancy
ConclusionThe frontal T2/thalamus ratio emerged as a potential additional biomarker of fetal brain maturation during the last trimester of pregnancy. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 1, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance imaging findings following button battery ingestion
ConclusionMRI/MR angiography can provide valuable information about complications, including esophageal perforation, tracheoesophageal fistula and spondylodiscitis. Decreasing inflammation surrounding the esophagus and vasculature is believed to be clinically reassuring and aids in managing button battery ingestion patients. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 1, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Is fetal magnetic resonance imaging volumetry of eventrated organs in gastroschisis predictive for surgical treatment?
ConclusionFetal MRI predicted silo bag treatment in patients with gastroschisis in 90% of the cases in our cohort and might facilitate prenatal counseling and treatment planning. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 1, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Correlation between the lateral and anteroposterior sacral ratios in anorectal malformations
ConclusionEven though the AP and lateral sacral ratios had moderate positive correlation, the mean sacral ratio determined by images in the lateral plane was 0.07  units greater than the AP plane. AP and lateral sacral ratios concluded different risk categories relatively often. Future studies are needed to determine whether AP or lateral sacral ratios correlate better with continence in patients with anorectal malformations. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - September 1, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research