Physical Therapy for a Patient With Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood: A Case Report
Conclusions and Recommendations for Clinical Practice: The importance in this case lies in the use of a multisystem approach to treatment, careful consideration of frequency of intervention, and discussion of the unique features of AHC. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research

Physical Therapy for a Child With Encopresis: A Case Report
Conclusions: The child improved pelvic floor muscle strength and coordination and became fully continent of bowel in home and community settings. What This Case Adds to Evidence-Based Practice: This case report demonstrates that pediatric age-appropriate educational and motivational tools (media, art, and interactive visualization activities) are readily available, economical, and effective when used in conjunction with current practice to decrease impairments and improve active participation and compliance during treatment of retentive encopresis in the pediatric population. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research

Announcements
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: ACADEMY INFORMATION: ANNOUNCEMENTS Source Type: research

Effect of Anodic tDCS Over Motor Cortex Versus Cerebellum in Cerebral Palsy: A Study Protocol
Discussion: This is a protocol for an intervention study comparing the clinical and functional effects of atDCS over Cz and Cb. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH PROTOCOL Source Type: research

Distance-Based Throwing Programs for Baseball Players From Little League to High School
An estimated 2.4 million children play baseball in 80 countries. The majority of these children have experienced pain with throwing. A key component to a successful rehabilitation after an upper extremity injury for a baseball player is an interval throwing program, which allows a youth athlete to increase the demands of throwing in a progressive and controlled manner. Numerous interval throwing programs are designed for baseball players of high school age and older, but few exist for the baseball player who is skeletally immature. Our interval throwing programs take into consideration various field dimensions, injury type...
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: SPECIAL COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Commentary on “The Effects of Functional Progressive Strength and Power Training in Children With Unilateral Cerebral Palsy”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

The Effects of Functional Progressive Strength and Power Training in Children With Unilateral Cerebral Palsy
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel functional strength and power-training program on gait and gross motor function in participants with unilateral cerebral palsy. Methods: This 12-week trial of functional strength and power training included 30 participants with cerebral palsy, randomly assigned to the experimental or comparison group. The primary outcomes, 1-minute walk test, muscle power, and the Gross Motor Function Measure, were assessed at baseline and 12 weeks after the intervention. Secondary outcomes included dynamic balance as measured by Timed Up and Go, muscle stren...
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Physical Therapy Scoliosis-Specific Exercises May Reduce Curve Progression in Mild Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Curves”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Physical Therapy Scoliosis-Specific Exercises May Reduce Curve Progression in Mild Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Curves
Conclusions: In this small prospective series, PSSE resulted in significantly less curve progression compared with controls. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on: “Preliminary Aquatic Physical Therapy Core Sets for Children and Youth With Neurological Disorders: A Consensus Process”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Preliminary Aquatic Physical Therapy Core Sets for Children and Youth With Neurological Disorders: A Consensus Process
Purpose: To report on the preliminary aquatic physical therapy core sets for children and youth with neurological disorders using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-children and youth version. Methods: A formal and structured consensus process was developed, integrating the findings of preparatory studies: a systematic literature review, expert survey with 69 participants, and a qualitative study with 43 participants. Results: Five preliminary aquatic physical therapy core sets were described: a Comprehensive Core Set (64 categories); a Common Brief (13 categories); and 3 age-spe...
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Stretching and Progressive Resistance Exercise in Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Randomized Controlled Trial”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Stretching and Progressive Resistance Exercise in Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusion: A 16-week stretching and progressive resistance exercise program followed by a 16-week maintenance program showed nonsignificant improvements in passive, active popliteal angle and muscle strength for the intervention group. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Sitting Matters! Differences Between Sitters and Nonsitters at 6 Months' Adjusted Age in Infants At-Risk and Born Preterm”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Sitting Matters! Differences Between Sitters and Nonsitters at 6 Months' Adjusted Age in Infants At-Risk and Born Preterm
Conclusion: Sitting abilities at 6 months' adjusted age are associated with prematurity risk factors. Cognitive and language scores differ significantly between sitters and nonsitters. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Relationships Among 3 Movement Analysis Tests in Preterm Infants”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Relationships Among 3 Movement Analysis Tests in Preterm Infants
Conclusions: The 3 movement analysis tests are related. The IMP was found to be consistent with other movement analysis tests. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Early Intervention Therapy Services for Infants With or at Risk for Cerebral Palsy”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Early Intervention Therapy Services for Infants With or at Risk for Cerebral Palsy
Conclusion: Therapists do not incorporate sufficient strategies for goal-oriented interventions, comprehensive parent education, and optimum environmental enrichment. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Documenting Physical Therapy Dose for Individuals With Cerebral Palsy: A Quality Improvement Initiative”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Documenting Physical Therapy Dose for Individuals With Cerebral Palsy: A Quality Improvement Initiative
Conclusions: QI methods provided the tools to improve workflow and increase dose documentation for individuals with CP. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Time for Recommendations
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Frequency-Specific Microcurrent for Treatment of Longstanding Congenital Muscular Torticollis
Conclusions and Recommendations for Practice: Excellent outcomes were achieved with conservative care in a patient with poor prognosis and likelihood of surgical referral. Combining stretching, strengthening, massage, postural reeducation, and FSM resulted in full range and good strength in an exceptionally short time. The combination of massage and FSM, not previously reported, are tools that may be effective in congenital muscular torticollis treatment. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research

Examination and Management of a 4-Year-Old Following a Femoral Aneurysmal Bone Cyst: A Case Report
Conclusion: This case is successful outcomes of a 4-year-old girl (GP) following surgical fixation for an ABC. Recommendations for Clinical Practice: This case fills a current void in the literature emphasizing clinical decision-making and attainment of GP-specific functional goals. A goal-driven approach incorporating key elements of the International Classification of Function model resulted in successful return to age-appropriate activity following surgical fixation of a femoral fracture due to an ABC. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research

Effects of Structured Exercise Training in Children and Adolescents With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: ERRATUM Source Type: research

Announcements
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: ACADEMY INFORMATION: ANNOUNCEMENTS Source Type: research

Thank You to Our 2018 Reviewers
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: SPECIAL COMMUNICATION: Thank You to Our 2018 Reviewers Source Type: research

Goal Attainment Scaling Made Easy With an App: GOALed
Pediatric physical therapists use Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) in a variety of clinical settings to objectively measure change in individual-, patient- and family-centered goals. Creating, recording, storing, scoring, and interpreting GAS goals have been manually completed. Recently developed GOALed, a GAS app, provides an improved, streamlined approach. The purpose of this special communication is to introduce the GOALed app and demonstrate its use with a case example. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: SPECIAL COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Daily and Weekly Rehabilitation Delivery for Young Children With Gross Motor Delay: A Randomized Clinical Trial Protocol (the DRIVE Study)
Conclusions: The results will inform clinicians, families, and scientists about dosing and will provide needed recommendations for frequency of rehabilitation to optimize motor function and development of young children with cerebral palsy. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH PROTOCOL Source Type: research

Commentary on “Functional Task Training Combined With Electrical Stimulation Improves Motor Capacity in Children With Unilateral Cerebral Palsy: A Single-Subject Design”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Functional Task Training Combined With Electrical Stimulation Improves Motor Capacity in Children With Unilateral Cerebral Palsy: A Single-Subject Design
Conclusion: The intervention improved children's propulsive capability and positively influenced their mobility. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Physical Therapy Outcome Measures for Assessment of Lower Extremity Chronic Pain-Related Function in Pediatrics”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Physical Therapy Outcome Measures for Assessment of Lower Extremity Chronic Pain-Related Function in Pediatrics
Conclusions: This study supports the clinical use of these PT measures to track functional progress after rehabilitative treatment of lower extremity chronic pain-related disability. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “An Exploration of Parental Satisfaction With an Advanced Practice Physical Therapy Clinic in Pediatric Orthopedics”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

An Exploration of Parental Satisfaction With an Advanced Practice Physical Therapy Clinic in Pediatric Orthopedics
Conclusions: This study evaluated parent satisfaction with a novel advanced practice in pediatric orthopedics, demonstrating high levels of satisfaction and identifying positive and negative themes that impact parent perceptions of quality of care. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test Using Arm Ergometry in Children With Spina Bifida: A Prediction Model for O: 2peak
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test Using Arm Ergometry in Children With Spina Bifida: A Prediction Model for O: 2peak
Conclusions: The prediction model shows promising results; however, further validation using the same protocol is warranted before implementation in clinical practice. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Early Intervention and Postural Adjustments During Reaching in Infants at Risk of Cerebral Palsy”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Early Intervention and Postural Adjustments During Reaching in Infants at Risk of Cerebral Palsy
Conclusions: Postural control was similar after both interventions. Positive outcomes were associated with fewer intervening actions of the therapist and greater allowance of spontaneous movements. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Effects of Adaptive Bungee Trampolining for Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Single-Subject Research Design”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Effects of Adaptive Bungee Trampolining for Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Single-Subject Study
Conclusion: Adaptive bungee trampoline training can improve strength, balance, and functional mobility in children with cerebral palsy. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Validity of the Early Activity Scale for Endurance and the 6-Minute Walk Test for Children With Cerebral Palsy”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Validity of the Early Activity Scale for Endurance and the 6-Minute Walk Test for Children With Cerebral Palsy
Conclusions: Understanding the relationship between these outcomes and GMFCS levels and age assists clinicians in establishing plans of care targeted at improving endurance for activity and functional walking capacity for children with CP. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Assessment of Spinal Curvatures in Children With Upper Trunk Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Palsy”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Assessment of Spinal Curvatures in Children With Upper Trunk Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Palsy
Conclusions: Upper trunk OBPP may affect frontal plane alignment. Especially insufficient shoulder external rotation scores may lead to constitute thoracal scoliosis as a result of trunk compensation. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Relationship Between Torticollis and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder in Infants”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Relationship Between Torticollis and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder in Infants
Conclusions: The increased likelihood of infants with CMT also having GERD has clinical implications for the pediatric physical therapist. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Does Weight Status Impact Metabolic Health in Adolescents When Controlling for Physical Fitness?”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Does Weight Status Impact Metabolic Health in Adolescents When Controlling for Physical Fitness?
Conclusions: Despite good physical fitness, adolescents who are OW/OB demonstrated greater metabolic syndrome than adolescents who are normal weight. Future intervention research is necessary to explore the relation between physical fitness and metabolic syndrome. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Letter to the editor
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research