Motor Development and Health-Related Fitness in Trisomy X: A Case Report
Purpose: This case study provides information regarding the motor development and health-related fitness level of a female with 47,XXX. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children–Second Edition (MABC-2) and the Test of Gross Motor Development-Second Edition (TGMD-2) batteries were used to assess motor competence and gross motor development, respectively. Cardiorespiratory, muscular fitness, and flexibility were assessed by means of field-based tests. Two groups of children developing typically were used for comparison purposes. Summary of Key Points: Results from the MABC-2 indicated that the participant was p...
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Announcements
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: ACADEMY INFORMATION: ANNOUNCEMENTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Feasibility and Reliability of Functional Mobility Measures in Children With Cri du Chat (5P−) Syndrome”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Feasibility and Reliability of Functional Mobility Measures in Children With Cri du Chat (5P−) Syndrome
Conclusions: The Timed Up and Go, 5 times sit-to-stand test, and Timed Floor to Stand are feasible and reliable tools for children with TD between ages of 5 and 15 years; however, may require modifications to the protocols to be feasible in children with CdCS. The 4 Square Step Test is not a feasible tool for children with CdCS. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Photo-Based Range-of-Motion Measurement: Reliability and Concurrent Validity in Children With Cerebral Palsy”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Photo-Based Range-of-Motion Measurement: Reliability and Concurrent Validity in Children With Cerebral Palsy
Conclusions: A photography-based goniometer can be a reliable and valid tool when measuring range of motion in children with cerebral palsy. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Psychometric Properties of Clinical Tests of Balance and Vestibular-Related Function in Children With Cerebral Palsy”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of Clinical Tests of Balance and Vestibular-Related Function in Children With Cerebral Palsy
Conclusions: Tests of balance and vestibular-related function may help guide clinical management of children with CP. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Development and Validity of the Clinical Assessment of Body Alignment for Children With Cerebral Palsy”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Development and Content Validity of the Clinical Assessment of Body Alignment for Children With Cerebral Palsy
Conclusion: Content validity of the CABA was supported. Construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness require further study. What this adds to the evidence: The CABA has potential to offer clinicians and researchers a clinically practical measure of postural alignment for children with cerebral palsy. Preliminary investigation of CABA shows good content validity. However, more studies to assess the assessments' psychometrics including construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness are required. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Perceived Barriers of Modified Ride-On Car Use of Young Children With Disabilities: A Content Analysis”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Perceived Barriers of Modified Ride-On Car Use of Young Children With Disabilities: A Content Analysis
Conclusions: Pediatric physical therapists play a critical role in working with families to promote their self-efficacy for using the modified ride-on car and their capacity for overcoming the inherent difficulties associated with use. Most of the reported perceived barriers are modifiable, at least to some degree, with likely effects on modified ride-on car use. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Integrated Electromyography: Discriminant Analysis and Prediction of Recovery 3 to 6 Years After Brachial Plexus Birth Injury”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Integrated Electromyography: Discriminant Analysis and Prediction of Recovery 3 to 6 Years After Brachial Plexus Birth Injury
Conclusion: Recovery of the shoulder and elbow function continues 3 to 6 years after BPBI. IEMG may partially explain variation in the prognosis for children with BPBI. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Assessment of Motor Repertoire in 3- to 5-Month-Old Infants With Obstetric Brachial Plexus Lesion”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Assessment of Motor Repertoire in 3- to 5-Month-Old Infants With Obstetric Brachial Plexus Lesion
Conclusions: Obstetric brachial plexus lesion did not affect the quality of fidgety movements of the infants but leads to compensatory movements in concurrent movements on the unaffected sides. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Motor Function in School-Aged Children With Positional Plagiocephaly or Brachycephaly”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Motor Function in School-Aged Children With Positional Plagiocephaly or Brachycephaly
Conclusion: Children who had moderate-severe PPB in infancy show persistent differences in motor function. We suggest close developmental monitoring and early intervention to address motor deficits. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “School-Based Physical Therapy Services: Predicting the Gap Between Ideal and Actual Embedded Services”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

School-Based Physical Therapy Services: Predicting the Gap Between Ideal and Actual Embedded Services
Conclusions: Our model predicts the gap between estimates of ideally and actually embedding school-based physical therapy services. While 4 variables predicted the gap, further research is needed to develop a predictive model of actual practice to inform school-based physical therapy practice. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Challenges Faced by Therapists Providing Services for Infants With or at Risk for Cerebral Palsy”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Challenges Faced by Therapists Providing Services for Infants With or at Risk for Cerebral Palsy
Conclusion: Respondents reported that barriers are complex and exist at the individual, family, team, and societal levels. Further research is needed to explore barriers and solutions at each of these levels, from meeting a child's individual medical needs to improving interprofessional communication to increasing equitable access to resources. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Continuing Challenges
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - March 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Abstracts of the Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy Poster Presentations at the Combined Sections Meeting
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: ABSTRACTS Source Type: research

Abstracts of the Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy Platform Presentations at the Combined Sections Meeting
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: ABSTRACTS Source Type: research

Vestibular Rehabilitation for a Child With Posterior Fossa Syndrome: A Case Report
Conclusion and Recommendations for Clinical Practice: This case provides preliminary support of the need for vestibular screening in children with a diagnosis of posterior fossa syndrome. The success of the intervention suggests that vestibular rehabilitation exercises can be modified for use in preschool-aged children, and the specific intervention outlined in this case report can be easily replicated in a variety of treatment settings. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Announcements
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: ACADEMY INFORMATION: ANNOUNCEMENTS Source Type: research

Clinic Design Standards: Accessibility Considerations for Caregivers
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: PERSPECTIVE Source Type: research

Linear and Nonlinear Measures of Postural Control in a Toddler With Cerebral Palsy: Brief Report
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe changes in linear and nonlinear measures of postural control along with motor outcomes in a young child with cerebral palsy. Summary of Key Points: Posturography in sitting and standing, the Gross Motor Function Measure-66 (GMFM-66), and the Early Clinical Assessment of Balance (ECAB) were performed prior to, during, and after physical therapy. The child demonstrated independent sitting throughout the study and developed independent standing during the study. He made improvements in the GMFM-66 and ECAB throughout the study. Higher average values were found in all lin...
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: SPECIAL COMMUNICATIONS Source Type: research

Development of a Grading Rubric to Assess Learning in Pediatric Physical Therapy Education
The purpose of this perspective article is to describe the development and potential use of a grading rubric to assess pediatric psychomotor and clinical reasoning skills in professional pediatric physical therapist students. Feedback from focus groups made up of pediatric physical therapy educators informed development of the rubric. In addition, preliminary reliability and feasibility of the rubric were evaluated using videotaped student performance on a related pediatric case. Pilot data suggest a range of reliability between slight and moderate across the components of the rubric. Both the case and the rubric are inclu...
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: SPECIAL COMMUNICATIONS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Educational Research Priorities for Pediatric Physical Therapy: A Consensus Study”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORT: EDUCATION: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Educational Research Priorities for Pediatric Physical Therapy: A Consensus Study
This study engaged stakeholders internal and external to pediatric physical therapy education in a consensus exercise toward determining and refining priorities and considerations for educational research for pediatric physical therapy. Methods: The Delphi method was used to survey 54 physical therapists from 5 stakeholder groups drawn from experts in the field of physical therapy education and from Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy members invested in educational leadership, research, and/or pediatric physical therapy clinical and residency education. Results: A 4-round survey process revealed 12 educational res...
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORT: EDUCATION Source Type: research

Commentary on “Therapy Workloads in Pediatric Health: Preliminary Findings and Relevance for Defining Practice”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Therapy Workloads in Pediatric Health: Preliminary Findings and Relevance for Defining Practice
Conclusions: This is the first report of pediatric physical and occupational therapists' time in performing daily tasks. The metric and tools derived from these findings support managerial decision-making, provide a comparison of actual versus targeted workload, assist with determining appropriate and safe staffing caseloads, and contribute to measurements of a patient's therapy acuity level. Video Abstract: For more insights from the authors, access Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/PPT/A280. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Longitudinal Change in Common Impairments in Children With Cerebral Palsy From Age 1.5 to 11 Years”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Longitudinal Change in Common Impairments in Children With Cerebral Palsy From Age 1.5 to 11 Years
Conclusions: Longitudinal changes in most impairments occurred in children with cerebral palsy. Monitoring and targeted interventions should support each child's development. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Validity of General Movement Assessment Based on Clinical and Home Videos”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Validity of General Movement Assessment Based on Clinical and Home Videos
Conclusions: Home GMA videos are valid for clinical assessment following the instructional leaflet. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Relationship of School-Based Physical Therapy Services to Student Goal Achievement”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Relationship of School-Based Physical Therapy Services to Student Goal Achievement
Purpose: To explore the relationships of school-based physical therapy services to student goal achievement. Methods: One hundred nine physical therapists and 296 students participated in a practice-based study. Therapists formatted goals using goal attainment scaling and evaluated goal achievement. Using the School-Physical Therapy Interventions for Pediatrics system, therapists documented services weekly for 20 weeks. Group comparisons and logistic regressions were conducted. Results: For primary goals, no documented physical therapy services were associated with exceeding goal expectation. For posture/mobility g...
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Measures of Motor and Functional Skills for Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Measures of Motor and Functional Skills for Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review
Conclusions: Gross Motor Function Measure in all versions was the most investigated measure providing the best results, with the strongest evidence for validity and responsiveness properties. Reliability evidence should be improved to determine stability. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS Source Type: research

Commentary on “Differentiating Between Idiopathic Toe Walking and Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review”
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS: CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE Source Type: research

Differentiating Between Idiopathic Toe Walking and Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review
Conclusions and Recommendations for Clinical Practice: The authors recommend that clinicians perform specific evidence-based tests and measures in accordance with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS Source Type: research

Parents and Families: Our Partners
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - December 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Abstracts of the Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy Annual Conference 2019
No abstract available (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: ABSTRACTS Source Type: research

Informal Dance Intervention Improves BMI and Functional Gait in an Adolescent With Cerebral Palsy: A Case Report
Conclusions: Waist circumference decreased, walking speed increased on the 6-Minute Walk Test and Timed Up and Down Stairs, balance confidence increased per the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale, and vestibular functioning improved per changes in the Functional Gait Assessment. Recommendations for Clinical Practice: Incorporating Informal Dance Intervention, in conjunction with therapy, may be motivating and improve overall health for adolescents with cerebral palsy to combat their tendency of increased sedentary lifestyle. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research

Dizziness in a Child With Irlen Syndrome: Differentiating Visual and Vestibular Complaints
Conclusions and Recommendations for Clinical Practice: When an individual with Irlen syndrome complains of dizziness, ruling out a concomitant diagnosis of a central and/or peripheral vestibular disorder is warranted. What This Adds to the Evidence: The visual symptoms associated with Irlen syndrome can overlap with those of visually induced dizziness. This case report is the first to describe overlapping visual and vestibular complaints of dizziness in an individual with Irlen syndrome. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research

Pediatric Vestibular Rehabilitation: A Case Study
Conclusions: Vestibular rehabilitation improved this child's quality of life. She was able to return to her daily living activities with fewer symptoms. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research

Efficacy of an Aquatic Exercise Program for 3 Cases of Rett Syndrome
Conclusions: The participants improved functional ability, mood status, relations with family and schoolmates, joint mobility, muscle strength, and endurance during functional activities. Periodic evaluation of exercise heart rates averaged an increase in intensity of 33% above baseline, indicating cardiorespiratory stimulus. This pilot program provides clinical rationale for future studies and clinical interventions for RS children. (Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research