Predictors of an Extended Length of Stay following an Elective Craniotomy in Children and Young Adults
Conclusions: Inherent and modifiable factors predict a hospital stay of more than a week in children and young adults undergoing an elective craniotomy.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - October 23, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

< b > < i > Citrobacter Koseri < /i > < /b > -Induced Diffuse Infantile Pneumocephalus: Clinical Image
Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - October 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Pediatric Stroke Associated with Rete Middle Cerebral Artery
Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - October 12, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Clobetasol Attenuates White Matter Injury by Promoting Oligodendrocyte Precursor Cell Differentiation
Conclusions: Our results indicate that clobetasol attenuates WMI by promoting OPC differentiation, and it may be an effective therapeutic agent for the treatment of preterm WMI.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - October 9, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Do Direct Bypasses Really Resolve Capillary Vessels in Moyamoya Disease? Delayed Hemorrhage Potentially Relevant to Direct Bypasses: A Pathological Investigation
Conclusion: There is no doubt that direct bypasses prevent further ischemic stroke by improving cerebral blood flow. However, they may result in failure in reducing the load of moyamoya vessels, albeit decreasing the potential risk of hemorrhagic strokes.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - October 8, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

A Dorsally Located Endodermal Cyst in the Foramen Magnum Mimicking an Arachnoid Cyst: A Case Report
Conclusion: Herein, we review the past literature on this rare entity. An endodermal cyst in the cisterna magna tends to be less strongly attached and to show a cerebrospinal fluid-like component on magnetic resonance images that mimics an arachnoid cyst. The characteristics of dorsally located endodermal cysts may differ from those in other locations.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - September 14, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Spinal Cavernoma in an Infant: A Rare Pathological Entity with an Atypical Presentation
Conclusion: Although rare, spinal CM can present with bleed in very young children. It is imperative to identify the subtle clinico-radiological findings and suspect such lesions, as an early treatment portends a good outcome.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - September 7, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Postoperative Pain Protocol in Children after Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy
Conclusions: Multimodal analgesia is an excellent alternative to PCA for postoperative pain after SDR. Actual analgesia is comparative to that of controls without the need for intensive care monitoring. Side effects of high-dose opiates were less frequent and required less medication. With the protocol, patients were safely treated outside the ICU.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - September 7, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor of the Conus Medullaris
Conclusion: AT/RT lesions of the conus medullaris are exceedingly rare and associated with extensive disease. We report a rare case of AT/RT with selective involvement of the conus medullaris, as well as describe the surgical, radiographic, and pathologic findings of this tumor.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - September 3, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Posttreatment Maturation of Medulloblastoma into Gangliocytoma: Report of 2 Cases
Conclusion: The maturation of medulloblastoma into a ganglion cell-rich lesion is very rare, with few well-characterized previous reports. Given the rare nature of this entity, it would be of great value to understand the process of posttreatment maturation and the genetic and treatment factors which contribute to this phenomenon.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - September 3, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

An Initial Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Magnetic Resonance-Guided Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy in Pediatric Epilepsy Surgery
Conclusion: Our data suggests that MRgLITT may be a cost-effective alternative to traditional surgical resection in pediatric epilepsy surgery.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - August 23, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Complex Cervicomedullary Junction Malformation and Hypoplastic Cerebellar Tonsils following Fetal Repair of Myelomeningocele: Case Report and Literature Review
Conclusion: It is possible that the clefting of the upper cervical spinal cord was undetected at preoperative MRI; however, this is unlikely given the antenatal images. It is our hypothesis that the malformation may have exhibited mechanical change after the repair, as the preoperative MRI showed only a Chiari II malformation without any of the complex abnormalities being present and the split cord was already there but not obvious. There are no existing reports of such a complex malformation following antenatal surgery in the literature. This should be further explored as more cases and trials become available.Pediatr Neu...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - August 12, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Flow-Mediated Dilatation of the Brachial Artery for Assessing Endothelial Dysfunction in Children with Moyamoya Disease
Conclusion: FMD of the brachial artery may not be enough for determining endothelial dysfunction under general anesthesia in children with moyamoya disease.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - August 11, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Spinal Seeding Metastasis of Myxopapillary Ependymoma: Report of Three Pediatric Patients and a Brief Literature Review
Conclusions: We found a statistically significant relationship between SSM in pediatric MPEs and the intramedullary location, TF origin, and number of affected segments. Close clinical and radiological follow-up is essential for pediatric MPE patients.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - August 10, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Juvenile Psammomatoid Ossifying Fibroma of the Orbital Roof: A Rare Cause of Proptosis among Children
Discussion: This patient is a rare case of neurocranial JOPF and adds new features to the typical features already described for JPOF.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - August 5, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance-Guided Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy for the Treatment of Nonlesional Insular Epilepsy in Pediatric Patients: Technical Considerations
Conclusion: This small cohort shows that insular ablation can be achieved safely with promising seizure outcomes in the short term.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - August 4, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Pediatric Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis with BRAF Mutation Affecting Sacral Vertebra: A Case Report and Disease Review
Conclusion: Accurate diagnosis with molecular markers is essential for a good outcome of LCH. Treatment of lesions at critical locations like skull base, orbit, or vertebral axis needs to be tailored to prevent permanent neurological deficits. Newer therapies in the form of BRAF inhibitors are on the way, but the efficacy and benefit need to be tested.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 31, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Course of Urological Problems in Children with Spinal Dysraphism: Long-Term Follow-Up Results
Conclusion: The prevalence of urinary tract problems is high in patients with spinal dysraphism for whom early diagnosis is very important for both urologic and neurosurgical considerations. Early follow-up of urodynamics should be performed, and treatment should be carried out if necessary. Regular follow-up and appropriate treatment have positive effects on the quality of life of these patients and may also prevent the occurrence of severe renal dysfunction.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 17, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

High Prevalence of Gram-Negative Rod and Multi-Organism Surgical Site Infections after Pediatric Complex Tethered Spinal Cord Surgery: Preliminary Report from a Single-Center Study
Conclusion: Among children undergoing complex tethered spinal cord release, gram-negative and polymicrobial infections are a significant cause of SSIs. Although further multicenter data are needed, these findings suggest that standard antibiotic prophylaxis with cefazolin may not be sufficient.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 16, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Publisher's Note
Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 16, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Neurosurgical Pathology and Management of Limited Dorsal Myeloschisis Associated with Congenital Dermal Sinus in Infancy
Conclusion: Surgeons should be aware of the approximately 10% possibility of the coexistence of CDS when managing infant LDM. However, the recommendation for excision of the entire length of the LDM stalk in all patients should be more carefully made because such a strategy may result in an unnecessary extent of laminotomy/laminectomy for most patients with pure LDM. However, once the postoperative histological examination reveals coexistence of CDS in the resected proximal part of the stalk, the entire length of the remnant stalk should be excised as soon as possible.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 2, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Analysis of the Rate and Pattern of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Infection and Ventricular Catheter Culture Yield: A 10-Year Single-Institute Experience
Conclusion: The rate and pattern of shunt infections at our institution are comparable with the international figures and data. Methods of catheter tip culturing should be improved to increase the yield of this practice.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Handbook of Pediatric Neurosurgery by Jallo, Kothbauer and Recinos (eds)
Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - June 30, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Pediatric Spinal Traumas
Discussion: PST is uncommon and the type of trauma and the spinal level affected varies with age. Cervical trauma predominates at younger ages, but adult-like traumas begin to occur with increasing age. It should be considered that the risk of developing neurological deficits is higher in pediatric patients than in adults, and the risk of multisystem injury is also high.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - June 24, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Myelomeningocele Repair Combining a Double Cryopreserved Amniotic Membrane Homograft and the Keystone Flap in a 3-Year-Old Child: A Case Report
We present the unusual case of a large MMC in a 3-year-old patient treated by combining the recently described cryopreserved amniotic membrane (AM) as homograft for dural reconstruction and a bilateral Keystone flap for soft tissue reconstruction.Discussion: Thanks to its anti-inflammatory and elastic proprieties, the AM can play an important role in preventing adhesion between the reconstructed layers, thus reducing the risk of spinal cord tethering. The Keystone flap, at the same time, allows the wound tension to be distributed widely over the flap margins and not only along the midline, which overlies the duraplasty, en...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - May 26, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Ceiling Fan-Related Head Injuries in Children: A Queensland Neurosurgical Experience
Conclusions: Despite their rarity, paediatric ceiling fan injuries requiring neurosurgical management are a cause of significant morbidity. Surgical management targeted elevation of depressed fractures and washout of open fractures rather than evacuation of intracranial collections. Almost all included patients required transfer with associated social and economic implications. Such injuries are largely preventable with improved supervision and safety awareness. Hazard modification may be extended to regulatory changes or improved ceiling fan design.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - May 19, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Timothy M. George (1960 –2019)
Pediatr Neurosurg 2020;55:1 (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - February 20, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Macrocephaly Secondary to Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
We present a patient who developed macrocephaly secondary to superior vena cava syndrome, resultant from repair of her congenital tetralogy of Fallot. She was managed conservatively with serial imaging and close observation from the neurosurgical aspect, and her head growth stabilized without requiring ventriculoperitoneal shunting after stent placement in her superior vena cava. In patients with macrocephaly secondary to cardiac issues, cerebrospinal fluid diversion is often performed quickly. For our patient – who had no obvious signs of worsening intracranial hypertension or symptoms beyond macrocephaly – tr...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - February 18, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Cases among Children Younger than 24 Months
Conclusions: Among the children who presented to the emergency clinic, 2 were newborns, 7 were #x3c;1 year of age, and the remaining 17 cases were between 1 and 2 years old. The number of male and female patients was equal, and 5 fatality cases were observed. The most frequent cause of head trauma were falls. We deduced that 6 cases had subarachnoid hemorrhage, 2 cases had subdural hemorrhage, 3 cases had epidural hemorrhage, and 4 cases had contusion. We compared the mean level of the two blood parameters hemoglobin (HGB) and hematocrit (HCT) between fatal and surviving cases and detectedthat both values decreased dramati...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - February 14, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Filum Terminale Ependymoma in an Infant with Meningocele
This report describes a case of an ependymoma found in the setting of tethered cord syndrome. We present a 3-month-old girl with prenatal diagnosis of lumbar meningocele who later underwent tethered cord release. After birth, she was neurologically intact and only found to have a skin-covered meningocele. An MRI was obtained and significant for low-lying conus terminating at L5, a focal syrinx, and Chiari II malformation. She underwent an elective meningocele repair and resection of thickened filum for tethered cord release at 3 months of age. Unexpectedly, microscopic evaluation of the filum was consistent with a small fo...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - January 21, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Correlation between Papilledema and Intracranial Hypertension in Crouzon Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
We describe the case of a 6-month-old infant who presented with typical phenotypic features of Crouzon syndrome. Pre- and postoperative ICP monitoring was used. Papilledema persisted despite ICP improvement after decompressive craniectomy. Possible causes of papilledema in this syndromic craniosynostosis are discussed in light of the existing literature.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 3, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Benign Postnatal Outcome after Prenatal Diagnosis of Fetal Ventriculomegaly with Choroid Plexus Hyperplasia: A Case Report
We present a case of CPH diagnosed by fetal MRI at 23 weeks of gestation following referral for ventriculomegaly. The pregnancy was carried to term and the child was monitored clinically and radiologically. Despite the persistence of enlarged choroid plexuses, the ventricular size has progressively decreased, and at the 4-year follow-up the child presented normal psychomotor development. This case highlights the added value of MRI in prenatal diagnosis of fetal ventriculomegaly and its management. The unusual benign outcome in this case can be considered for parental counselling when faced with a fetus with similar finding...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 2, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Clinical Course and Management of Vein of Galen Varix of the Neonate: A Case Report and Literature Review
A 28-year-old pregnant woman underwent an emergency caesarian section after 39 weeks of gestation because of decreased fetal movement and baseline fetal heart rate variability. The neonate was diagnosed with neonatal asphyxia and presented with right cardiac failure due to pulmonary hypertension. The neonate presented convulsion, and plane computed tomography (CT) showed dilation of the vein of Galen and sinuses on day 3. Magnetic resonance imaging and CT with contrast were performed after cardiac failure subsided, and there was no evidence of arteriovenous shunt and normalization of the vein of Galen. The patient was diag...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 2, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Management of Neonatal Facial Paralysis due to Cerebellopontine Angle Arachnoid Cyst: A Case Report
We report the case of a neonatal female patient who presented with congenital facial paralysis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a right cerebellopontine angle arachnoid cyst causing severe mass effect on the brain stem. Cyst fenestration and cystocisternal shunt was performed through retrosigmoid suboccipital craniotomy.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 2, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Meckel-Gruber Syndrome: A Case Who Lived for 5 Months
The Meckel-Gruber syndrome is a rare, congenital, and lethal malformation characterized by typical manifestations such as encephalocele, polycystic kidneys, and polydactyly. Herein, we present a case of a patient with the typical triad as well as facial, ocular, liver, and genital abnormalities who lived for almost 5 months.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 1, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Characteristics of Recurrent Congenital Sinus Pericranii: Case Report and Review of the Literature
Conclusion: Removing all abnormal vessels and sealing the skull defect as well as the surrounding thin bone area are important to prevent recurrence of congenital SP.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - July 1, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Pediatric Giant Cerebral < b > < i > Candida < /i > < /b > Abscess: A Case Report
Fungal infections of the central nervous system and pediatric brain abscess are rare but serious conditions in terms of morbidity and mortality that need immediate diagnosis and treatment. It can be seen in congenital or acquired immunosuppressed patients as opportunistic infections as well as in low-birth-weight, premature infants with ventriculoperitoneal shunt, external ventricular drainage, or with a history of craniotomy. Our aim is to emphasize the giant cerebralCandida abscess of a 13-month-old female infant who previously had eight ventriculoperitoneal shunt operations due to hydrocephalus. The patient was taken to...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - June 25, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Sylvian Fissure Meningioma in Childhood: Report of 3 Cases and Review of the Literature
Conclusion: We report 3 very rare cases of Sylvian arachnoid-based meningiomas. To our knowledge, this is the study with the longest follow-up period (mean 7.3 years, median 7 years). Even though the overall prognosis of pediatric meningiomas may be worse than that of adult illness, we would like to emphasize that the “rare location” of the Sylvian fissure was not an important factor contributing to the outcome in our children.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - June 25, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Trimming of Absorbable Plates and Screws through Smoothing by Multiple Sonic Activation Procedures Can Increase Local Tissue Reactions in Children with Cranial Fixations
Conclusion: It was concluded that drilling rather than smoothing by MSAP to change the shapes of the absorbable plates and screws in cranial fixation can reduce the local reactions.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - June 19, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Spinal Intramedullary Ganglioglioma in Children: An Unusual Location of a Common Pediatric Tumor
In this report, we describe 3 children with spinal ganglioglioma at different locations, and their expression of BRAF V600E mutation and follow-up. In addition, we review the recent literature on pediatric spinal ganglioglioma management.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - June 18, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Role of Secondary Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy in Children: Review of an Institutional Experience
Conclusion: ETV can be considered a primary treatment modality in children with shunt malfunction and has a good success rate in cases presenting with closure of previously performed ETV stoma.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - June 3, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Neurosurgical Resident Exposure to Pediatric Neurosurgery: An Analysis of Resident Case Logs
Conclusion: Neurosurgical residents graduating from 2013 to 2017 reported significantly higher volumes of pediatric neurosurgery cases than the standards set for by the ACGME. During this time, there was also a significant trend of increasing cases logged as the lead resident surgeon, suggesting more involvement in the critical portions of pediatric cases. There was also a significant, but not clinically impactful, decrease in pediatric case volumes during this time. However, the overall data indicate that residents are continuing to gain valuable pediatric experience during residency training.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pe...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - May 21, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Pediatric Brainstem Gliomas: A Retrospective Study of 180 Patients from the SEER Database
Conclusions: High-grade brainstem gliomas have a worse prognosis. Early diagnosis and surgery appear to be associated with improved survival, while the role of radiation is unclear.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - April 15, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Surgical Superior Sagittal Sinus Thrombectomy in Refractory Thrombosis: A Technical Note
Conclusion: Direct surgical sinus thrombectomy is a potential concomitant treatment strategy with decompressive craniectomy for medically refractory CVT in a pediatric setting.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - March 21, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Deletion of 6p25.3 Is Associated with Cerebrovascular Dolichoectasia: Report of 2 Cases
Developmental dolichoectasia of the intracranial vessels is a rare occurrence. The authors report 2 sibling pediatric patients who were born with 6p25.3 deletion, associated with carotid and vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia. MRI imaging of both children showed asymptomatic elongation and dilation of the vertebrobasilar system and “kissing” carotid arteries. A microarray analysis was also performed for both patients, which identified a 1.5-Mb deletion of 6p25.3 covering 15 genes includingFOXC1, which has been implicated in defects in vascular morphogenesis.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - March 20, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Transplant of Adult Bone for Reconstruction of a Large Post-Traumatic Cranial Defect in a Very Young Baby
We present an 18-month-old baby with a large post-traumatic cranial defect which was repaired by assembling a new bone flap on a sterile stereolithographic 3-D model. This customized newly assembled flap consisted of a scaffold of autologous bone (from vault duplication) sustaining 2 large grafts of homologous cadaveric bone. It was adequately modeled and contoured on the 3-D model using metallic plates and screws. Immediately after implantation on the skull, the metallic devices were progressively replaced by reabsorbable material, thus maintaining the previously obtained flap profile. In this paper we detail this origina...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - March 15, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Is Schimmelpenning Syndrome Associated with Intracranial Tumors? A Case Report
We report a case of an adolescent boy with Schimmelpenning syndrome with a multifocal pilocytic astrocytoma. NoHRAS orKRAS gene mutations were noted in the tumor on genetic sequencing. However, glial tumors have been associated with genetic mutations of RAS upregulation, which may imply a common pathway.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - March 15, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Imaging Features Predictive of Recurrence in Pediatric Intracranial Germ-Cell Tumors
Conclusion: Fifty-two patients (39 males, mean age at diagnosis: 13 ± 5 years, 34 germinoma, 18 nongerminomatous GCT [NGGCT]) were reviewed. Thirty-three percent of the patients reviewed had recurrence (7 germinoma, 11 NGGCT). Recurrence was associated with invasiveness as seen on preoperative imaging (p = 0.0385) and cystic tumor (p = 0.048).Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - March 15, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

The Added Value of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Cisternography and Ventriculography as a Diagnostic Aid in Pediatric Hydrocephalus
Conclusions: MRIC and MRIV have a complementary role to MRI in assessing selected patients with hydrocephalus suspected of being secondary to an obstruction, but with no clear obstruction location.Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - March 15, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

International/Resident Traveling Fellowship Notice 2018
Pediatr Neurosurg (Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery)
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - March 8, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research