Urticarial vasculitis after meningococcal serogroup B vaccine in a 6 ‐year‐old girl
Abstract The first vaccine that shows significant potential in providing broad coverage against serogroup B meningococcal disease has recently been approved. Because of its newness, potential adverse events need to be reported. Here we report a case of urticarial vasculitis, a rare disease in children, in probable relationship with the novel vaccine. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 21, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Virginia Velasco ‐Tamariz, Marta Prieto‐Barrios, Fátima Tous‐Romero, Sara Isabel Palencia‐Pérez, Concepción Postigo‐Llorente Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Juvenile mycosis fungoides with large ‐cell transformation: Successful treatment with psoralen with ultraviolet A light, interferon‐alfa, and localized radiation
We present the first case of a child with almost complete remission of his mycosis fungoides with large‐cell transformation shortly after administration of psoralen plus ultraviolet A, interferon‐alfa, and localized radiation. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 21, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Warren H. Chan, Daniel J. Lewis, Tiffany Hinojosa, Jonathan L. Curry, Madeleine Duvic Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Demographic characteristics of teenage boys with horizontal striae distensae of the lower back
ConclusionOur results indicate that horizontal striae distensae of the lower back in adolescent boys is associated with a rapid growth spurt, tall stature, and family history of striae distensae. There is no association between this type of striae distensae and any chronic medical condition, bacterial infection, or exogenous steroid use. Thus a careful review of systems and counseling without further medical testing is reasonable management. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 21, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Emily Boozalis, Anna L. Grossberg, Katherine B. Puttgen, Candrice R. Heath, Bernard A. Cohen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Severe Stevens ‐Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis overlap syndrome—beyond skin involvement
We describe the case of an 8‐year‐old girl who developed severe SJS/TEN overlap syndrome (25% of her body surface area was affected) complicated by pancreatitis and bronchiolitis obliterans. These rare complications emphasize the need for careful, intensive monitoring of possible complications and an interdisciplinary team approach to provide optimal treatment and follow‐up. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 21, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Tiago Milheiro Silva, Jo ão Farela Neves, Ana Casimiro, Luís Varandas, Catarina Gouveia Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Prevalence of sun protection behaviors in Hispanic youth residing in a high ultraviolet light environment
Abstract Although rates of late‐stage melanoma are rising in Hispanics, particularly those living in high ultraviolet light environments, little is known about the prevalence of sun protective behaviors in Hispanic children. We analyzed baseline data including frequency of sunburn, sun protective behaviors, level of U.S. acculturation, and skin phototype from a cross‐sectional survey of 2003 Hispanic elementary school children in Los Angeles, California, who participated in a skin cancer prevention intervention. Although the Hispanic children reported frequently engaging in some sun protective behaviors, they also had ...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 21, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Lisa Altieri, Kimberly A. Miller, Jimi Huh, David H. Peng, Jennifer B. Unger, Jean L. Richardson, Martin W. Allen, Myles Cockburn Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Bleomycin ‐induced flagellate erythema after venous malformation sclerosis—Case report and brief review
We report the case of a boy with a left foot venous malformation who developed this skin rash after two sessions of bleomycin intralesional injection. We discuss the mechanism and characteristics of this reaction to bleomycin, which is usually benign and self‐limited. We conclude that, although rare, flagellate pigmentation can occur when bleomycin is used as a sclerosant in children. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 21, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Cristina Pinto, Concepci ón Lorca‐Garcia, Beatriz Berenguer, Maria Elena De Tomás Palacios Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

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Pediatric Dermatology,Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 76-86, January/February 2018. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Considerations in surgical management of a Buschke –Lowenstein tumor in Netherton syndrome: A case report
This report describes a pediatric case of a Buschke–Lowenstein tumor of the natal cleft in a patient with Netherton syndrome that had failed to respond to medical management. We reviewed the literature for previous cases of surgery in individuals with Netherton syndrome using MEDLINE and PubMed searches. Our patient underwent surgery to remove the lesion without complication. Using conventional dressings and topical negative‐pressure therapy, the wound was managed and healed within a reasonable time frame despite the underlying skin condition. This case indicates that surgery and topical negative‐pressure therapy...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rosalind Ashton, Jamil Moledina, Branavan Sivakumar, Jemima E. Mellerio, Anna E. Martinez Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Fibroadipose vascular anomaly treated with sirolimus: Successful outcome in two patients
We report two cases of FAVA in which treatment with sirolimus produced rapid, dramatic improvement in pain and quality of life. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jonathan Erickson, William McAuliffe, Lewis Blennerhassett, Anne Halbert Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

The triad of pruritus, xanthomas, and cholestasis: Two cases and a brief review of the literature
Abstract When encountered in children, xanthomas are most commonly associated with a group of disorders known as familial hyperlipidemias. Aside from cosmetic concerns, these xanthomas are typically asymptomatic, but when generalized pruritus is a prominent associated symptom, clinicians should consider a different set of diagnoses that includes cholestasis of the liver. In this article we present two illustrative cases of children with cholestatic disease, pruritus, and xanthomas and discuss other disorders that may include this triad. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Hadley J. Pearson, Joy L. Mosser, Stephanie K. Jacks Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Response to “Case series study of the efficacy of compounded antibacterial, steroid, and moisturizer in atopic dermatitis”
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Peter A. Lio, Kachiu Lee, Fatima Lakhani Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Comment on “Case Series Study of the Efficacy of Compounded Antibacterial, Steroid, and Moisturizer in Atopic Dermatitis”
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Victoria Harris, Gayle Fischer Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Comment on “Prevention of flares in children with atopic dermatitis with regular use of an emollient containing glycerol and paraffin: A randomised controlled study”
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Carol Hlela, Nonhlanhla P Khumalo Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Palmoplantar keratoderma with curly hair
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Sanjay Singh, Prateek Sondhi, Gomathy Sethuraman Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

Multiple ulcerated lesions in a child
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Stefanie Cubelli, Syed Abedi, Silvija P. Gottesman, Jacqueline M. Junkins ‐Hopkins Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

Teenage boy with thickened dorsal hands and feet
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Samantha L. Schneider, Devika Patel, Tor A. Shwayder Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

A 15 ‐year‐old girl with a funky‐looking great toenail
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Katerina Yale, Julie Jefferson, A. Yasmine Kirkorian Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

Chronic plaque on the great toe of a 10 ‐year‐old boy
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Trevor Hansen, Jessica Smith, Tracy Funk Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

Multiple annular plaques on a 9 ‐year‐old boy
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Andr é Oliveira, Pedro Mendes‐Bastos Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

A 7 ‐year‐old boy with pustules on the upper eyelid
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Tamara Gracia ‐Cazaña, Ana Milagro, Antonio Rezusta, Yolanda Gilaberte Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

Persistent pruritic subcutaneous nodules and hypopigmentation in a young boy
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Kevin M. Beene, Daniel D. Bennett, Margo J. Reeder Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

A 15 ‐year‐old boy with convoluted folds and furrows on the scalp
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Min Wha Choi, June Hyunkyung Lee, Tae Young Han Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

Acute induration of the neck in a 16 ‐year‐old girl
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Galen T. Foulke, Yesul Kim, Michael J. Beck, Catherine G. Chung Tags: PHOTOQUIZ Source Type: research

Patient Perspectives: What is papular urticaria?
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Tags: Patient Perspectives Source Type: research

Characterization of children with recurrent eczema herpeticum and response to treatment with interferon ‐gamma
ConclusionChildren with confirmed eczema herpeticum have evidence of impaired innate and adaptive immunity. IFN‐γ did not result in dramatic improvement in either subset. Specific evaluation for IFN‐γ production, function, or receptor defects may help predict response. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Kavita Darji, Stephanie Frisch, Eric Adjei Boakye, Elaine Siegfried Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Infantile hemangiomas with conjunctival involvement: An  underreported occurrence
ConclusionConjunctival IH have clinical characteristics similar to those of cutaneous IH and respond readily to beta‐blocker treatment. Ocular complications may occur in a minority of individuals receiving treatment. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Martin Theiler, Eulalia Baselga, Christina Gerth ‐Kahlert, Erin F. Mathes, Agnes Schwieger‐Briel, Karla Chaloupka, Lisa Weibel, Ilona J. Frieden Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evaluation of patient satisfaction in pediatric dermatology
Abstract Background/ObjectivesThere remains a lack of investigation into which factors patients and families value the most in their experience at pediatric dermatology clinics. Most of the current literature on quality improvement in dermatology does not encompass the pediatric population. To determine the drivers that are most predictive of a positive patient experience, we observed the indirect relationship between several factors of the patient experience and their role in patient satisfaction. MethodsPatient satisfaction surveys were distributed after their visits to patients at four pediatric dermatology clinics in o...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Sarah Ahmed, Jonathan Miller, James F Burrows, Ben Khallouq Bertha, Paul Rosen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

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Pediatric Dermatology,Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 87-91, January/February 2018. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 15, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in stratum corneum functions between Chinese and Thai infants residing in Bangkok, Thailand
ConclusionThe significant differences in TEWL and ceramide contents between Chinese and Thai infant skin could prove useful in designing skin care and diapering products that are best suited for each ethnicity. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 15, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Tsutomu Fujimura, Yuki Miyauchi, Kyoko Shima, Mitsuyuki Hotta, Hisashi Tsujimura, Takashi Kitahara, Yoshinori Takema, Pakhawadee Palungwachira, Diane Laohathai, Jetchawa Chanthothai, Thamthiwat Nararatwanchai Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Ultrasound findings in idiopathic facial aseptic granuloma: Case series and literature review
Pediatric Dermatology, EarlyView. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 9, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

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Pediatric Dermatology, Ahead of Print. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 9, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

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Pediatric Dermatology,Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 43-46, January/February 2018. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 9, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

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Pediatric Dermatology,Volume 35, Issue 1, Page e9-e12, January/February 2018. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 9, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

RASA1 mutation in a family with capillary malformation –arteriovenous malformation syndrome: A discussion of the differential diagnosis
We describe a family who presented with several scattered, vascular, cutaneous lesions and was found to have a novel mutation in RASA1, diagnostic of capillary malformation–arteriovenous malformation syndrome. Our patient was initially given a presumptive clinical diagnosis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Capillary malformation–arteriovenous malformation syndrome shares several features with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and hereditary benign telangiectasia, but it can be distinguished clinically according to its morphologic appearance and distribution of cutaneous vascular lesions, the presen...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 9, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Lisa R. Edwards, Adam B. Blechman, Barrett J. Zlotoff Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

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Pediatric Dermatology,Volume 35, Issue 1, Page e68-e69, January/February 2018. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 6, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

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Pediatric Dermatology,Volume 35, Issue 1, Page 92-96, January/February 2018. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 6, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

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Pediatric Dermatology,Volume 35, Issue 1, Page e66-e67, January/February 2018. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 6, 2017 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Wound culture isolated antibiograms and caregiver ‐reported skin care practices in children with epidermolysis bullosa
ConclusionNumerous organisms, including resistant bacteria, are known to colonize the wounds of individuals with EB. Mupirocin resistance was prevalent and more than half of the participants reported its use. Testing for mupirocin resistance may be considered for certain patients. These observations may help guide questions for future longitudinal multicenter studies with the goal of optimizing EB wound care recommendations. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 6, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Hannah M. Singer, Laura E. Levin, Maria C. Garzon, Christine T. Lauren, Paul J. Planet, Nicole W. Kittler, Susan Whittier, Kimberly D. Morel Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Pediatric penile porokeratosis: A case report
We present what we believe to be the second case of pediatric penile porokeratosis and the youngest case reported. A 6‐year‐old boy presented with a pruritic, verrucous growth at the urethral meatus that recurred after two meatotomies. The diagnosis of porokeratosis was confirmed by biopsy. Porokeratosis should be added to the differential diagnosis of chronic hyperkeratotic penile lesions in children. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Omar Bari, Antoanella Calame, Sarah Marietti ‐Shepherd, Victoria R. Barrio Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Childhood alopecia areata —Data from the National Alopecia Areata Registry
ConclusionChildhood alopecia areata is more prevalent in girls than in boys, but boys have more extensive alopecia areata. Despite the low prevalence, congenital alopecia areata is an important differential diagnosis for neonatal hair loss. Alopecia areata runs in families, suggesting an underlying genetic background. One‐quarter of the children reported at least one affected first‐degree relative; 8% had more than three affected relatives. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Iris Wohlmuth ‐Wieser, Joyce S. Osei, David Norris, Vera Price, Maria K. Hordinsky, Angela Christiano, Madeleine Duvic Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Exogenous Cushing syndrome due to misuse of potent topical steroid
We report an infant with exogenous Cushing syndrome after being treated for 2 months with a potent topical corticosteroid via the mother's application of topical clobetasol for diaper rash without a prescription. We emphasize that potent topical steroids should be used with great caution, especially when used under occlusion (e.g., diaper area) and that parents should be warned about potential side effects of these medications, particularly when used in infants. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Fatma Özgüç Çömlek, Sevim Örüm, Salih Aydın, Filiz Tütüncüler Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Neutrophilic superficial eccrine ductitis: Proposal of a new disease concept
Abstract A 3‐year‐old Japanese boy presented with a 3‐month history of itchy erythematous papules on his trunk and forearms, the histologic findings of which were characterized by predominantly neutrophilic inflammation within and around the eccrine sweat ducts and obliteration and disruption of the superficial eccrine sweat ducts. Although the skin disorder had some clinical and histopathologic similarity to miliaria and neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis, it was ultimately conformed to be neither disorder. Based on this and a case report in the Japanese literature of a 1‐year‐old boy with erythematous eruptions ...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Hiroshi Nagai, Chikako Nishigori Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Influenza B virus infection and Stevens –Johnson syndrome
Abstract A 2‐year‐old boy with influenza B infection and rapidly worsening targetoid skin lesions with mucosal involvement was diagnosed with Stevens–Johnson syndrome (SJS) and treated with oseltamivir and intravenous immunoglobulin, with resolution of illness. Subsequent quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine was well tolerated. This case highlights the rarity of SJS in the setting of influenza B infection and addresses the safety of administering subsequent influenza vaccines to such individuals. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rebecca L. Tamez, Whitney V. Tan, John T. O'Malley, Karen R. Broder, Maria C. Garzon, Philip LaRussa, Christine T. Lauren Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Identical COL71A1 heterozygous mutations resulting in different dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa phenotypes
We present three unrelated patients with two identical pathogenic compound heterozygous mutations in the COL7A1 gene that developed different clinical forms of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa—epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa and mild recessive non‐Hallopeau–Siemens—raising the possibility of other genetic or environmental modifying factors responsible for the phenotype of the disease. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Nicole Kn öpfel, Lucero Noguera‐Morel, Angela Hernández‐Martin, Adela García‐Martin, Marta García, Ángeles Mencía, Rocío Maseda Pedrero, Raúl Lucas, Maria José Escámez, Antonio Torrelo Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Eczematous dermatitis in an infantile hemangioma with minimal or arrested growth
We present a case detailing this association in which an IH with minimal or arrested growth responded well to treatment with propranolol and the superimposed eczema cleared completely with topical hydrocortisone. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Krista Roncone, Kimball Jade Kindley, Barrett Zlotoff Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis in three children
Abstract Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis is a rare presentation, and there is a paucity of information regarding this presentation in the literature. Three children 10‐14 years of age who presented with an unusual clinical manifestation of tinea capitis that clinically resembled dissecting cellulitis are reported. The patients were treated with systemic antifungals for 3‐4 months. Treatment success was measured according to repeat fungal cultures and clinical assessment of hair regrowth at follow‐up visits. All three patients had resolution of infection, with negative repeat fungal cultures and complete...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jennifer Shastry, Heather Ciliberto, Dawn Marie Davis Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Therapeutic patient education in children with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis: A multicenter randomized controlled trial in China
Abstract BackgroundTherapeutic patient education is a continuous, systematic, patient‐centered learning process to help patients and their families acquire and maintain the skills they need to manage their lives with a chronic disease. It has been proven effective in increasing treatment adherence and improving quality of life for patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) in Western countries. We introduce the first multicenter, randomized controlled clinical trial of therapeutic patient education in Chinese children with AD. ObjectivesTo evaluate the effects of therapeutic patient education on the severity of AD, quality of ...
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Yuan Liang, Jing Tian, Chun Ping Shen, Feng Xu, Hua Wang, Ping Li, Yan Ping Guo, Feng Lei Wei, Lin Ma Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Lichen planus pigmentosus inversus in children: Case report and updated review of the literature
This article also reviews the differential diagnosis and treatment of LPPI. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Sabrina Nurmohamed, Jori Hardin, Richard M. Haber Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Subcutaneous granuloma annulare involving the scalp
We report a case of biopsy‐proven SGA in a 21‐month‐old boy with six asymptomatic, rock‐hard scalp nodules. (Source: Pediatric Dermatology)
Source: Pediatric Dermatology - November 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Cristina Thomas, Keith Morley, Birgitta Schmidt, Sadaf Hussain Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research