Management of over retention of permanent incisor impacted by compound odontoma: Clinical, radiological, and microscopic evaluation
Conclusion Orthodontic management was successfully performed for correct alignment of the maxillary left central incisor impacted by compound odontoma reestablishing function, phonation, and esthetic. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - April 13, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Odontoma associated with unerupted primary tooth in primary dentition – Three cases
We present clinical findings and management of 3 cases of odontomas that occurred in primary dentition, including a 3-year-old girl referred for examination of an unerupted left upper primary canine, a 6-year-old boy with an unerupted left lower second primary molar, and a 5-year-old girl who was presented with an unerupted right upper second primary molar. In all cases, periapical and panoramic radiography revealed a radio-opaque mass surrounded by a narrow radiolucent space located above the crown of the unerupted tooth. Each was diagnosed as a compound odontoma interfering with eruption of a primary tooth and surgical r...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 16, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Displacement of maxillary right second premolar caused by gutta percha filling in corresponding primary molar
Conclusion We speculated that the material had prevented eruption of the permanent successor because of lack of resorption, leading to its displacement. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 16, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of tooth surface coating material containing S-PRG filler on white spot lesions of young permanent teeth
Conclusion These results suggest that PRG Barrier Coat is an effective material for remineralization of WSLs. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 16, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Histopathological evaluation of periodontium after repairing furcation perforation with MTA and biodentine
Conclusion Biodentine can be used for Furcal perforation repair in primary teeth and give the same favorable results as MTA. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 16, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Factors affecting spontaneous eruption of impacted mandibular first molars after surgical exposure
Conclusion The results showed that spontaneous eruption by surgical exposure occurred well when the impaction type was distally angulation, the depth of the impaction was deep, or eruption space was sufficient. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 16, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Impact of a high-fat diet on bone health during growth
Publication date: Available online 2 December 2017 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Yuko Fujita Background An inappropriate eating habit is a relatively easily modified risk factor for obesity and osteoporosis in adults. The consumption of high-fat foods is known to induce obesity. Although numerous studies have documented a relationship between high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and osteoporosis, no consensus has been reached. In addition, few data on the relationships between mandibular properties and an HFD in the growth period are available. Objective This review aims to summarize current findings related t...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 16, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome: A clinical case report
Publication date: Available online 8 December 2017 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Mirian Azevedo Pereira da Silva, Marcelo Rodrigo Vaz de Melo, Maria Isabel de Oliveira e Britto Villalobos, Cláudia Assunção e Alves Cardoso, Cláudia Scigliano Valério, Flávio Ricardo Manzi Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome (KTWS) is a rare condition and presents the main characteristics of cutaneous hemangiomas, the presence of varicose veins, and hyperplasia of the soft and hard tissues on different parts of the body. This syndrome is characterized by an extreme individual variability, g...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 16, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Early exfoliation of permanent tooth in patient with hypophosphatasia
Conclusion Permanent teeth may have a risk of early exfoliation as well as other structural abnormalities in HPP patients, thus longitudinal dental follow-up examinations of affected patients are required. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - September 22, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental caries prevalence and treatment level of neglected children at two child guidance centers
Conclusions Our results indicate that, due to a lack of daily oral care, dental caries are significantly more prevalent in children at CGCs. CGCs may be good places to improve neglected children's dental caries and oral health care. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - September 14, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Healing after experimental luxation and intraalveolar root fracture in immature rat teeth
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2017 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Kuniomi Nakamura, Atsushi Oishi, Tomoki Uehara, Kanae Wada, Michiyo Miyashin Aims The purpose of this study was to clarify the histopathological reactions, growth and complications on immature rat molar with intraalveolar root fracture over 3–4weeks. Methods The upper first molars of 4-week old male Crlj:WI rats weighing 93.5–107.0 g were pushed horizontally toward the palate to cause a constant amount of dislocation by our previously developed experimental luxation model. The molars were then scanned using two...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - September 12, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Clinical success of preformed steel crowns in disabled pediatric population: An 11-year retrospective study
Conclusions PMC placed on primary teeth of physically/mentally disabled pediatric patients showed a highly satisfactory longevity time and experience of success. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - September 3, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Mandibular condyle fracture in Japanese girl and 10-year follow-up findings
Publication date: Available online 2 September 2017 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Masakazu Hamada, Ryota Nomura, Hiroyuki Yano, Atsushi Masui, Kazuma Kokomoto, Kazuhiko Nakano, Yoshiaki Yura A condyle fracture is the most common type of those that occur in the mandible, and is generally treated by an open reduction procedure or conservatively when encountered in children. Conservative treatment often results in a satisfactory long-term outcome of jaw function. Nevertheless, follow-up examinations after treatment are important to minimize potential effects of late complications. An 11-year-old Japanese girl ca...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - September 3, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A case of high density abnormality in x-ray findings of mandible caused by leakage of root canal filling paste
Publication date: Available online 26 August 2017 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Haruko Kashiwamura, Kyoko Oka, Yoko Tuchihashi, Hanako Yoshioka, Mayumi Kato, Atsuko Baba, Toyohiro Kagawa, Kazuhiko Okamura, Masao Oazki Background Calcium hydroxide paste is widely used for endodontic treatment as a root canal filling material. However, appropriate filling with that paste at the root apex is difficult because of the properties of the material and tooth root condition. Case report Here, we report a 4-year clinical follow-up of leakage of calcium hydroxide paste into the mandible during endodontic treatment. The r...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 26, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A rare triple tooth in primary dentition: CT findings
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2017 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Irem Mergen Gultekin, Serdar Uysal, Melek Dilek Turgut, Sema Dural, Meryem Tekcicek Triplication is a rare dental anomaly and defined as the fusion of three teeth. In the present case report, a five-year-old healthy girl with the triplication of the two mandibular primary right incisors along with a supernumerary tooth was presented. A periapical radiograph, panoramic radiograph and cone-beam tomography of the triple tooth revealed separate pulp chambers combining in the cervical area and forming one pulp canal along the root. In th...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 30, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The relationship between lip-closing strength and the related factors in a cross-sectional study
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2017 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Issei Saitoh, Emi Inada, Yasutaka Kaihara, Yukiko Nogami, Daisuke Murakami, Norihito Ishitani, Tadashi Sawami, Yoko Iwase, Tsutomu Nakajima, Naoko Kubota, Kaoru Sakurai, Toshiya Tsujii, Yoshito Shirazawa, Mika Hanasaki, Mie Kurosawa, Miyuki Goto, Maki Nosou, Katsuyuki Kozai, Youichi Yamasaki, Haruaki Hayasaki Introduction No diagnostic standard for assessing lip-closing strength (LCS) currently exists for clinicians. The aim of this study is to examine patterns in age-related changes in LCS and factors associated with LCS. Methods I...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 18, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence of oral habits in a child population in Trinidad, West Indies
Conclusion The prevalence of both nutritive and non-nutritive oral habits in Trinidad are high and some associations were found with gender, ethnicity, social, dietary and familial factors. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 8, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The relationship of mothers' coping strategies and health behavior with oral health care for children
Conclusions Mother's coping styles had different associations with self-health behavior and children's oral health care. We may be able to use behavioral modification strategies effectively according to whether a mother consults with dental professionals. Future intervention studies based on this research are expected. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - June 27, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral findings in patient with lethal hypophosphatasia treated with enzyme replacement therapy
We report here a 3-year-old female diagnosed with perinatal HPP who had received enzyme replacement therapy starting from 1 day after birth. Oral and radiographic examinations revealed deep periodontal pockets, severe mobility, and dentinogenesis imperfecta with root formation defects, especially in the mandibular primary second molars, while the tooth germs of permanent teeth except for the first molars were unclear. Dental manifestations of lethal HPP following treatment with enzyme replacement therapy were markedly different from those of mild HPP. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - May 13, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a mouth rinsing function test for evaluating the oral function of children
Conclusions MRFT is effective for evaluating the oral function of children because the MRFT score increases with age. The MRFT score is related to eating behavior; hence, children with low MRFT scores should be supported appropriately. MRFT was not correlated with occlusal force or the thickness and length of the masseter muscle; therefore, it is necessary to examine the oral dexterity, using MRFT, when evaluating the oral function of children. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - May 6, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Unilateral open-bite caused by an impacted primary molar with ankylosis: A case report
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Issei Saitoh, Satoshi Fukumoto, Yoko Iwase, Haruaki Hayasaki, Youichi Yamasaki Management of the developing dentition and occlusion performs early and healthy oral optimization by diagnosing and treating their malocclusion and dysfunction in optimal period. We treated a posterior open-bite triggered by an impacted tooth with ankylosis. Her second primary molar was impacted with ankylosis of the buccal roots. She usually had her tongue thrust against her right posterior teeth. Timely and actively accelerated eruption of her second p...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - April 29, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Reconsidering the treatment plan for traumatized teeth – A case of lateral luxation with severe displacement
Conclusion We conclude that conservative treatment of a traumatized tooth can be effective even in cases of lateral luxation and severe displacement. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - April 14, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral manifestations of Japanese patients with osteogenesis imperfecta
Conclusions The main oral problem associated with osteogenesis imperfecta is dentinogenesis imperfecta. Treatment with bisphosphonates does not need to be interrupted when ectopically placed primary teeth are extracted to allow replacement by permanent successors. Periodic oral health management is recommended for patients with osteogenesis imperfecta, especially those with dentinogenesis imperfecta. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - April 2, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence of early childhood caries and its related risk factors in preschoolers: Result from a cross sectional study in Vietnam
Conclusions The data suggests that prevalence and severity of ECC in this group were very high. Gender, birth weight, habit of dental visits, age at start of brushing, brushing before bed, history of baby bottle, debris index were suggested as risk factors of ECC. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - March 31, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Maternal occlusal disharmony during pregnancy induces spatial memory deficits associated with the suppression of hippocampal neurogenesis in adult mouse offspring
Conclusion These findings suggest that maternal occlusal disharmony during pregnancy increases plasma corticosterone concentrations in the dam, which leads to learning deficits and suppression of hippocampal cell proliferation in the offspring. Occlusal disharmony in the dam may be a risk factor for cognitive impairment in the offspring. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - February 12, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Warmed acidulated phosphate fluoride enhances release of fluoride from human enamel surfaces, promoting lesion remineralization in  vitro and in situ
Conclusion In conclusion, application of the warmed APF solution to the demineralized enamel lesion showed potential to increase the fluoride release and enhance the rate of remineralization than that at 25 °C. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - February 11, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Isolated bilateral macrodontia of the mandibular second premolars with familial multiple supernumerary teeth: A case report
Conclusion The macrodont affects the surrounding area because of its larger size by disturbing the dental alignment and development of adjacent teeth. A treatment strategy is discussed with reference to the reported cases. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - February 10, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Synergetic remineralization effectiveness of calcium, phosphate and fluoride based systems in primary teeth
Conclusion Calcium-phosphate and fluoride remineralizing systems possess added remineralization potency in comparison to artificial saliva. Clinpro™ varnish showed the greatest remineralizing action and the least softening by acid challenge. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - February 3, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Removal of smear layer by various root canal irrigations in primary teeth
Conclusion These results suggest that root canal irrigation with NaOCl using an ultrasonic effectively removed smear layer from the root canal in primary teeth. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - January 30, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of fluoride-releasing fissure sealants on enamel demineralization
Conclusion Fissure sealants that released a lot of fluoride and strontium ions showed decreased enamel demineralization. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - January 11, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A case of congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis with sensitivity reactions to the electric pulp test
Conclusion If A-β nerve fibers respond positively to the electric pulp test, it could potentially be used to diagnose the pulp vitality of CIPA individuals. However, it is possible that this is an exceptional CIPA case that retained sensitivity to some stimuli. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - January 6, 2017 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11 –14) by Rasch Analysis in Turkish children
Publication date: Available online 26 December 2016 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Nural Bekiroglu, Meltem Bakkal, Gizem Ozbay, Pinar Gunel Karadeniz, Betul Kargul Assessment for the reproducibility of the answers to the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11–14) in different languages with test-retest exercises have importance to be acceptable in other populations. The present study is to evaluate the validity and reliability of Child Perception Questionnaire for ages 11–14 (CPQ11–14) with 37 items by means of Rasch Analysis in a group of Turkish population. 133 children aged 11–14 year...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 26, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prenatal vitamin D and enamel hypoplasia in human primary maxillary central incisors: A pilot study
Conclusions Preliminary results suggest follow-up of children of mothers in a vitamin D supplementation RCT during pregnancy provides an important approach to study the etiology of EH in the primary teeth. Further study is needed to discern thresholds and timing of maternal serum 25(OH)D concentrations during pregnancy associated with absence of EH in teeth that develop in utero. Potential dental public health implications for prevention of early childhood caries via sound tooth structure as related to maternal vitamin D sufficiency during pregnancy need to be determined. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 20, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

In  vitro effects of mechanical stimulation and photobiomodulation on osteoblastic cell function: A proof of concept study
Conclusion We suggested that the mechanical treatment alone and combination with light treatment could accelerate the calcification of 3D tissue-engineered bone possibly through up-regulation of ALP gene during early stage of bone formation. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 16, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Direct pulp capping: A treatment option in primary teeth??
Conclusion DPC should not be disregarded as a vital pulp therapy procedure in the primary dentition. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - November 19, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Finger sucking callus as useful indicator for malocclusion in young children
Conclusion We concluded that the presence of a sucking callus is a useful indicator for malocclusion caused by an oral habit. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - November 5, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The effect of parents' oral health behaviors on children and mutual communication
Conclusions Results showed that increased communication between family members positively influenced children's understanding of oral health, and it was not influenced only by parental behavior toward the child's oral health. Dental professionals should approach parents about communication between family members to improve the self-management ability of children. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - November 2, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of School Oral Health Promotion Programme on dental health and health behaviour in Vietnamese schoolchildren
Conclusion Although the caries experience was at moderate level, there is the high prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis status among the Vietnamese schoolchildren due to lack of oral self-care and infrequent dental visits. The positive contents of SOHPP have not yet improved oral health behaviour of schoolchildren. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - October 29, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Parental presence in the operatory: An update
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2016 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Lance E. Kisby The purpose of this paper is to present an update on the current views of dentists and parents on the controversial issue of the parent in the dental operatory. In the past, parents were excluded from the operatory because it was felt a parent would be disruptive. This position is no longer valid due to a better understanding of fear in children, a greater acceptance by dentists to have the parent present, and an increased interest of parents to be present. By understanding the evolving cultural, legal, and social e...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - September 1, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of remineralizing potential of Calcium Sucrose Phosphate and CPP-ACP: An in vitro study
Conclusion The CaSP paste was effective in remineralizing early enamel lesions than CPP-ACP. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 28, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of pre-reacted glass-ionomer cement on the viability and odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells derived from deciduous teeth
This study investigated the effects of cement-containing surface reaction-type PRG filler (PRG cement) on the viability and differentiation of human dental pulp cells derived from deciduous teeth (hDPC-Ds). Other materials generally used for pulp capping, Dycal and Fuji glass-ionomer cement Type II, were also tested by culturing hDPC-Ds with the extract of each material. The viability of hDPC-Ds was measured by methyl-thiazol-tetrazolium [3-(4, 5-di-methylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay. Odontogenic differentiation of hDPC-Ds was evaluated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and immunocytochemistry...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 16, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Antiplaque and remineralizing effects of Biorepair mouthwash: A comparative clinical trial
Conclusion Biorepair mouthwash can serve as a better alternative to different mouthwashes including both fluoride and chloehexidine. This single mouthwash can serve as a multi-purpose mouthwash. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 16, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

“Life with an incomplete bite” – Preventive oral care and findings of a child with pre-existing ‘Poland syndrome’
Conclusion Specific attention must be paid to children with pre-existing conditions with preventive measures and implementation of muscular training very early in life. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 16, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Establishment of ex  vivo mucocele model using salivary gland organ culture
Conclusions This is the first report of establishment of an ex vivo pathogenic condition for examination of salivary glands. Our model may be useful to establish mucocele treatment options including drug screening and surgical procedures. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - June 18, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Association between dental caries and body mass index in 12 –15 year old private school children in Ibadan, Nigeria
Conclusion The study showed a higher caries prevalence with majority of the children having normal BMI. No conclusive relationship was found between DMFT and BMI in the studied student population. The need for continuous caries preventive program is emphasized. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - June 18, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors of traumatic dental injuries to permanent anterior teeth among 8 –12 years old school children in Egypt
Conclusion The results showed the need of preventive measures against falls at school and home and methods of providing 1st aid in TDIs. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - June 18, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Association of tongue pressure with masticatory performance and dental conditions in Japanese children
Publication date: Available online 8 June 2016 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Maika Ichikawa, Yuko Fujita, Ayako Hamaguchi, Wichida Chaweewannakorn, Kenshi Maki The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between maximum tongue pressure, masticatory performance, and oral conditions in children aged 6–12 years. The decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index of 70 Japanese school children (35 boys, 35 girls) was measured, as well as their height, body weight, maximum tongue pressure, and masticatory performance. Furthermore, their subjective masticatory ability was scored using a newly ...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - June 8, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in children with severe early childhood caries undergoing dental surgery under general anesthesia
Conclusions There was no association between SECC and serum Hgb, Hct and MCV levels, but low levels of MCV might be an indicator of microcytic anemia which is most commonly caused by iron deficiency. In the present study, we concluded that SECC might be a risk marker for iron deficiency. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - May 26, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Cleidocranial dysplasia: Clinical overview and genetic considerations
Publication date: Available online 6 May 2016 Source:Pediatric Dental Journal Author(s): Nur Mohammad Monsur Hassan, Abhayjit Dhillon, Boyen Huang Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a congenital autosomal dominant syndrome characterised by dental and osseous dysplasia that leads to multiple dental and craniofacial anomalies. Two-thirds of CCD cases are associated with mutations of the runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) gene which codes for a transcription factor that is responsible for differentiation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts and skeletal development. Multiple mutations have been identified in the Runx2 g...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - May 6, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors of traumatic dental injuries to permanent anterior teeth among 8–12 years old school children in Egypt
Conclusion The results showed the need of preventive measures against falls at school and home and methods of providing 1st aid in TDIs. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - April 3, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research