Analysis of oral pathology in an Australian paediatric population: A retrospective study
ConclusionIn the paediatric population, oral pathology shows an increasing tendency with age, with the majority of pathology being benign in nature comprising mainly of mucoceles and dental pathology particularly, periapical granuloma's and dentigerous cysts. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - October 5, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Extensive sublingual ulceration leads to tongue deformity in a child with delayed development
Publication date: Available online 1 October 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Ruedee SakulratchataAbstractAn extensive sublingual ulceration in a two year old girl with delayed development was reported. The severe lesion resulted from repetitive trauma caused by the lower central incisors in combination with uncontrolled movement of the orofacial muscles. Treatment successfully healed the lesion, however an deformity of the tongue remained afterwards. Given this risk, health care providers should be aware of the danger posed by sublingual ulcerations in children with neurologic conditions when the child's low...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - October 2, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Congenital mouth abnormalities: Unilateral oral synechia in infant
Publication date: Available online 26 September 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Rafael A.V. Caixeta, Patrícia F. Oliveira, Luiz Fernando de P. Barbosa, Késia L.S. Marques, Alessandra M. de Castro, Danielly C.A.F. de Oliveira (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - September 28, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Mandibular dentigerous cyst in a 10-year-old patient
Publication date: Available online 26 September 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Seyedeh Hediyeh Daneshvar, Mir Mahdi Daneshvar (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - September 26, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effectiveness of olive oil to prevent chemotherapy induced oral mucositis: A randomized controlled clinical trial
Conclusionsolive oil can be used topically on oral tissues to prevent chemotherapy induced (OM) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia children. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 30, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of dynamic occlusal contacts during chewing between children with primary dentition and normal adult females
ConclusionsWe conclude that both the amount of OCA and the pattern of occlusal contacts during the occlusal phase of chewing completely differ between children and adult females. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 15, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Case of autoimmune neutropenia with severe marginal periodontitis
Publication date: Available online 3 August 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Setsuyo Morimoto, Keiko Hirano, Keiko Tabata, Haruka Asaumi, Yuko Morikawa, Yuki Matsumi, Shuhei Naka, Michiyo Matsumoto-NakanoAbstractEarly onset periodontitis is rarely seen in infants, though often leads to an acute and serious clinical course when encountered in such patients. Autoimmune neutropenia presents systemic and dental symptoms, as depressed resistance to bacterial infection is caused by a disorder that reduces the number of neutrophils. This disease can result in not only gingival inflammation but also destruction of pe...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 4, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Association of dental caries with socio-demographic and nutritional factors among school children in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, India
ConclusionNutritional status of children may not show association with dental caries, but SES influences the caries prevalence in children. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 1, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Langerhans cell histiocytosis: A case report in a 2-year old child
Publication date: Available online 27 July 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Paulo de Camargo Moraes, Victor Angelo Martins Montalli, Alfio José Tincani, Regina Maria Holanda de Mendonça, César Augusto Alvarenga, José Luiz Cintra Junqueira, Luciana Butini OliveiraAbstractOral manifestations may be the first sign of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis. Due to diversity in the clinical findings of LCH, this disease has been a diagnostic dilemma to the clinicians, dentists and pathologist, as well. The pediatrician plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and multidisciplinary approach. This pa...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 29, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Mandibular greenstick fracture healing: A conservative approach
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Hiram Daniel López-Santacruz, Joselin Flores-Velázquez, Miguel Ángel Rosales-BerberAbstractIt is common that pediatric maxillofacial fractures develop after a traumatism. The lower calcification of pediatric bones allows them to be flexed in response to external forces, producing greenstick fractures. Many injuries that require surgical management in adults, could be conservatively managed in children due to anatomical, physiological and psychological factors. This is a case report of a six-year-old boy that prese...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 17, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of nonfluoridated milk and fluoridated milk on acidic dental plaque
ConclusionRinsing with milk could raise the acidic plaque pH to the resting value faster than individual's natural capacity to do so. Adding fluoride to milk can enhance this effect. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - June 26, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A case of supernumerary tooth in the mandibular anterior region – Report on a rare case of five mandibular incisors
We report the case of a 7-year-old male patient with five incisors including one impacted tooth in the mandibular anterior region. We extracted one of the four erupted teeth to assure the eruption of the impacted tooth within the dentition. Eleven months after tooth extraction, the incisor erupted within the dentition and the incisors exhibited close to normal arrangement. This case indicates that favorable outcomes can be achieved for cases of supernumerary teeth in the mandibular anterior region by treating in the early mixed dentition period. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - June 23, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Impact of 6% citric acid and endoactivator as irrigation adjuncts on obturation quality and pulpectomy outcome in primary teeth
ConclusionInclusion of 6% citric acid and endoactivator as irrigation adjuncts for primary teeth is beneficial in achieving better quality of obturation and also earlier alleviation of pain. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - June 19, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Predicting gingivitis using visual gingival redness examination on 11 years old Japanese schoolchildren: A ROC analysis
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Lisdrianto Hanindriyo, Akihiro Yoshihara, Hiro-O. Ito, Kana Suwama, Satoko Kakuta, Makoto Fukui, Masanori Iwasaki, Naofumi Tamaki, Toshihiro AnsaiAbstractAimsTo identify more reliable and cost-effective methods to detect gingivitis, such as visual examinations, questionnaires, and salivary occult blood tests (SOBT).MethodsSixty-five elementary school students in Yahiko Village, Niigata, Japan were recruited. Questionnaire was used to assess subjective gingival status. Hemoglobin (Hb) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were measure...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - June 16, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental floss use among elementary school children and environmental factors; a cross-sectional study
ConclusionThe guardian's use of dental floss was associated with dental floss use among their children in this group of Japanese elementary school. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - May 18, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Histological evaluation of platelet-rich fibrin for revascularization of immature permanent teeth in dogs
ConclusionPlatelet rich fibrin is a good intra-canal scaffold for revascularization of immature permanent teeth. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - May 11, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of effectiveness of calcium hydroxide and MTA as pulpotomy agents in permanent teeth: A meta-analysis
ConclusionThis meta-analysis suggests that MTA is a superior material for pulpotomy of cariously exposed permanent teeth. Failure rate of pulpotomies is significantly higher with Calcium hydroxide despite its bactericidal properties. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - May 2, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence of dental fear and its relationship with primary dental caries in 7-year-old-children
ConclusionOur findings demonstrated the status of 7-year-old children's dental fear at Phulam primary school, and found that primary dental caries had no correlation with child dental fear score. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - April 24, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

MRI as a method of evaluation and predicting mandibular growth based on temporomandibular joint
ConclusionClinically, the advantage of diagnosis of double contour is not to use any ionizing radiation related to scan in these subjects. Therefore, MRI could be a choice for the follow-up of growing patients. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - March 28, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Fork injuries with the tines inserted bilaterally between the mandibular interdental spaces
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Keisuke Kondo, Motohiro Kikuchi, Daisuke Nasu, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio HorieAbstractIn this paper, we report two rare cases of foreign body oral injuries caused by forks inserted tightly into both sides of the lingual interdental spaces between the mandibular deciduous canines and first deciduous molars (FDMs). These pediatric cases of foreign body insertion caused not only soft tissue injuries but also the potential luxation of affected deciduous teeth, i.e., the FDMs in the present cases, during the removal of the object by force...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - February 25, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Report of a large dentigerous cyst residing within the maxillary sinus for nine years
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Makoto Matsubara, Masaki Ito, Takatoshi Kataura, Yuiko Matsubara, Mitsuo Iinuma, Shinichiro Sumitomo (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - February 13, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Ion release and enamel remineralizing potential of miswak, propolis and chitosan nano-particles based dental varnishes
ConclusionChitosan-nanoparticles and miswak containing varnishes were most effective in remineralizing enamel lesions probably due to the release of F−, Ca++, PO4−− ions compared to NaF varnish that released F− only. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - January 10, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma in mandibular molar region: A case report
We report a case of ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) in the mandibular molar region. A Japanese boy aged 6 years 8 months visited the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of Osaka University Dental Hospital with dental caries as the chief complaint. Radiography revealed a well-defined homogenous mixed radiopaque mass like dentition above the crown of the mandibular left first molar. At the age of 6 years 9 months, enucleation of the tumor mass was performed under local anesthesia. Based on the histological findings, the diagnosis was AFO. Following enucleation, the left first molar showed a tendency for eruption. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - January 4, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Marsupialization is the optimal treatment for odontogenic keratocyst in pediatric patients
We report herein a case of multiple OKCs in a pediatric patient treated using marsupialization five times and enucleation twice. Recurrence was not observed after surgical treatments in 7 years of follow-up. We suggest that treatment with marsupialization should be considered as the first-line treatment strategy for young patients with OKC. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - December 19, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Birooted primary canines identified in 8-year-old Japanese girl – Case report
This report presents a rare case of birooted bilateral maxillary primary canines. A Japanese girl aged 8 years 10 months was referred to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of Osaka University Dental Hospital by an orthodontic dentist to extract maxillary bilateral primary canines. The canines appeared to be birooted in panoramic radiography and were extracted under infiltration anesthesia. Both visual observation and computed tomography findings revealed that the birooted primary canine had 2 roots for each root canal. In spite of the rareness of this condition, it should be kept in mind because of potential problems in affect...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - November 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Investigation of the effects of the chromosomal regions of mouse chromosome 2 on susceptibility to dental caries using congenic strains
We examined the dental caries scores obtained from caries induction, salivary secretion volume, and enamel hardness in the strains C57BL/6Slc, C3H/HeSlc, B6-Chr.2C3H, and three types of congenic mouse strains that we generated.ResultsWe successfully generated three types of congenic mouse strains. The caries scores of congenic mice, which had the C3H/HeSlc-derived interval between D2Mit126 (84 Mega base pair; Mbp) and D2Mit226 (163 Mbp), were significantly lower than that of any other mouse strain studied herein (p 
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - November 17, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of root canal irrigations on intracanal medication with calcium hydroxide effects in root external resorption models
ConclusionThis study demonstrated that a combination of EDTA and sodium hypochlorite with ultrasonic irrigation was most effective in removing the smear layer and ion diffusion from the root canal to the surrounding media. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - November 11, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Assessment of root dentin pH changes in primary and permanent molars with different types of calcium hydroxide intracanal medication
ConclusionThe peak pH of nonsetting calcium hydroxide group was at 24 h in primary teeth and 7 days in permanent teeth. The nonsetting calcium hydroxide group showed higher pH values than those in the viscous group in both primary and permanent teeth. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - November 11, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Applicability of Willems method for dental age estimations in Tunisian children
This study aims to evaluate the applicability of Willems method in a sample of Tunisian children. Panoramic x-ray photographs of 500 children (241 females, 259 males) aged between 5 and 15 years were examined. The mean absolute error (MAE) was performed to assess the accuracy of age estimation. The chronological age minus dental age (CA-DA) was determined for each age group and for each gender. Independent samples t-test was employed to compare the differences between genders.MethodsWillems method underestimated the chronological age on the average, by 0.40 years for males and by 0.69 years for females. The discrepancy bet...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - October 31, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Investigation of pediatric specifications for the Salivary Multi Test® saliva test system
Publication date: Available online 23 September 2018Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Yasumasa Irie, Nobuyuki Tatsukawa, Yuko Iwamoto, Masashi Nakano, Tomoko Ogasawara, Kaoru Sakurai, Chieko Mitsuhata, Katsuyuki KozaiAbstractBackgroundDental caries and gingivitis are the main diseases in pediatric dentistry, and the saliva test is useful for their diagnosis. For children, it is important that the saliva test be simple and easily performed because their degree of cooperation varies. In this sense, the Salivary Multi Test® (SMT®) is superior to other tests. However, the reference value for the SMT® was o...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - October 5, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental management of unilateral multiple impacted primary teeth
We describe the course of a child from the age of 1 year until 4 years 10 months who had primary tooth eruption failure and was treated with dental methods. Although primary teeth expected to spontaneously erupt were followed, there were several on the left side that remained unerupted. We performed a left maxillary and mandibular gingivectomy to closely examine the cause of eruption delay and tooth germ dislocation, as well as attempt to induce eruption of the primary teeth. Based on histopathological results, the diagnosis was fibroma. Surgical procedures did not result in clear improvement of eruption failure. In order ...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - October 5, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of high viscosity glass ionomer cement to composite restorations placed in primary teeth under general anesthesia
ConclusionThere is no significant difference in survivability of HVGIC when compared to resin composite as a restorative material when placed in primary teeth under general anesthesia without the use of a rubber dam. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - September 13, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Surgical treatment of central giant cell granuloma in child and follow-up for 18 months
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2018Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Halenur Altan, Ahmet Altan, Rabia Erağca, Eren Yildirim, Nihat Akbulut (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 30, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Remineralizing potential of commercially available pediatric dentrifices: An In vitro study
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2018Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): K. Siva sankar, K. Pranitha, A.J. Sai Sankar, B. Sujatha, V. Sai krishna, K. Kiran kumarAbstractBackgroundRemineralizing agents are found to be effective in the remineralization of early enamel caries and the remineralized enamel crystallites are more resistant to decalcification and also have the same orientation as the original enamel crystallites. Although child formula fluoridated dentifrices are used safely by young children their remineralizing capability remains questionable.AimTo evaluate the remineralizing potential of thre...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 21, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Multidisciplinary management of an unusual presentation of a pediatric patient with unilateral hypodontia
ConclusionComplete diagnostic workout for edentulism is recommended; to rule out tumors associated with impactions which need aggressive treatment. Removal partial denture offers functional solution for pediatric patients suffering edentulism. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 17, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of avulsed primary incisor in 3-year-old girl with hypophosphatasia who received enzyme replacement therapy
We examined an avulsed primary incisor in a 3-year-old female diagnosed with perinatal HPP who underwent enzyme replacement therapy from 1 day after birth and report our findings. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - August 8, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dental caries prevalence and treatment level of neglected children at two child guidance centers
ConclusionsOur results indicate that, due to a lack of daily oral care, dental caries are significantly more prevalent in children at CGCs. CGCs may be good places to improve neglected children's dental caries and oral health care. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Early exfoliation of permanent tooth in patient with hypophosphatasia
ConclusionPermanent teeth may have a risk of early exfoliation as well as other structural abnormalities in HPP patients, thus longitudinal dental follow-up examinations of affected patients are required. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Mandibular condyle fracture in Japanese girl and 10-year follow-up findings
Publication date: December 2017Source: Pediatric Dental Journal, Volume 27, Issue 3Author(s): Masakazu Hamada, Ryota Nomura, Hiroyuki Yano, Atsushi Masui, Kazuma Kokomoto, Kazuhiko Nakano, Yoshiaki YuraAbstractA condyle fracture is the most common type of those that occur in the mandible, and is generally treated by an open reduction procedure or conservatively when encountered in children. Conservative treatment often results in a satisfactory long-term outcome of jaw function. Nevertheless, follow-up examinations after treatment are important to minimize potential effects of late complications. An 11-year-old Japanese gi...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A case of high density abnormality in x-ray findings of mandible caused by leakage of root canal filling paste
Publication date: December 2017Source: Pediatric Dental Journal, Volume 27, Issue 3Author(s): Haruko Kashiwamura, Kyoko Oka, Yoko Tuchihashi, Hanako Yoshioka, Mayumi Kato, Atsuko Baba, Toyohiro Kagawa, Kazuhiko Okamura, Masao OzakiAbstractBackgroundCalcium hydroxide paste is widely used for endodontic treatment as a root canal filling material. However, appropriate filling with that paste at the root apex is difficult because of the properties of the material and tooth root condition.Case reportHere, we report a 4-year clinical follow-up of leakage of calcium hydroxide paste into the mandible during endodontic treatment. T...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A rare triple tooth in primary dentition: CT findings
Publication date: December 2017Source: Pediatric Dental Journal, Volume 27, Issue 3Author(s): Irem Mergen Gultekin, Serdar Uysal, Melek Dilek Turgut, Sema Dural, Meryem TekcicekAbstractTriplication is a rare dental anomaly and defined as the fusion of three teeth. In the present case report, a five-year-old healthy girl with the triplication of the two mandibular primary right incisors along with a supernumerary tooth was presented. A periapical radiograph, panoramic radiograph and cone-beam tomography of the triple tooth revealed separate pulp chambers combining in the cervical area and forming one pulp canal along the ro...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Prevalence of oral habits in a child population in Trinidad, West Indies
ConclusionThe prevalence of both nutritive and non-nutritive oral habits in Trinidad are high and some associations were found with gender, ethnicity, social, dietary and familial factors. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Unilateral open-bite caused by an impacted primary molar with ankylosis: A case report
Publication date: December 2017Source: Pediatric Dental Journal, Volume 27, Issue 3Author(s): Issei Saitoh, Satoshi Fukumoto, Yoko Iwase, Haruaki Hayasaki, Youichi YamasakiAbstractManagement of the developing dentition and occlusion performs early and healthy oral optimization by diagnosing and treating their malocclusion and dysfunction in optimal period. We treated a posterior open-bite triggered by an impacted tooth with ankylosis. Her second primary molar was impacted with ankylosis of the buccal roots. She usually had her tongue thrust against her right posterior teeth. Timely and actively accelerated eruption of her ...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Clinical success of preformed steel crowns in disabled pediatric population: An 11-year retrospective study
ConclusionsPMC placed on primary teeth of physically/mentally disabled pediatric patients showed a highly satisfactory longevity time and experience of success. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Healing after experimental luxation and intraalveolar root fracture in immature rat teeth
Publication date: December 2017Source: Pediatric Dental Journal, Volume 27, Issue 3Author(s): Kuniomi Nakamura, Atsushi Oishi, Tomoki Uehara, Kanae Wada, Michiyo MiyashinAbstractAimsThe purpose of this study was to clarify the histopathological reactions, growth and complications on immature rat molar with intraalveolar root fracture over 3–4weeks.MethodsThe upper first molars of 4-week old male Crlj:WI rats weighing 93.5–107.0 g were pushed horizontally toward the palate to cause a constant amount of dislocation by our previously developed experimental luxation model. The molars were then scanned using tw...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The relationship between lip-closing strength and the related factors in a cross-sectional study
Publication date: December 2017Source: Pediatric Dental Journal, Volume 27, Issue 3Author(s): Issei Saitoh, Emi Inada, Yasutaka Kaihara, Yukiko Nogami, Daisuke Murakami, Norihito Ishitani, Tadashi Sawami, Yoko Iwase, Tsutomu Nakajima, Naoko Kubota, Kaoru Sakurai, Toshiya Tsujii, Yoshito Shirazawa, Mika Hanasaki, Mie Kurosawa, Miyuki Goto, Maki Nosou, Katsuyuki Kozai, Youichi Yamasaki, Haruaki HayasakiAbstractIntroductionNo diagnostic standard for assessing lip-closing strength (LCS) currently exists for clinicians. The aim of this study is to examine patterns in age-related changes in LCS and factors associated with LCS.Me...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Oral findings in patient with lethal hypophosphatasia treated with enzyme replacement therapy
We report here a 3-year-old female diagnosed with perinatal HPP who had received enzyme replacement therapy starting from 1 day after birth. Oral and radiographic examinations revealed deep periodontal pockets, severe mobility, and dentinogenesis imperfecta with root formation defects, especially in the mandibular primary second molars, while the tooth germs of permanent teeth except for the first molars were unclear. Dental manifestations of lethal HPP following treatment with enzyme replacement therapy were markedly different from those of mild HPP. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Manual versus rotary instrumentation for primary molar pulpectomies- A 24 months randomized clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 29 March 2018Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): R. Morankar, A. Goyal, K. Gauba, A. Kapur, S.K. BhatiaAbstractObjectiveThe study compared manual and rotary canal instrumentation differences in primary molars receiving pulpectomy and their effect on clinical success after two years.Materials and methodsSixty pulpally involved primary mandibular second molars requiring pulpectomy treatment were randomly assigned for manual or rotary instrumentation in children aged 4–7 years. The endodontic procedural steps were similar except the method of root canal instrumentation i.e. manu...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Preventive effects of iontophoresis on bovine enamel decalcification through enhancing uptake and transportation of fluoride -in vitro study
ConclusionsIontophoresis increased the uptake of F and enhanced its penetration into the enamel, thereby decreasing decalcification by acid. The study showed the effectiveness of the Iontophoresis method. (Source: Pediatric Dental Journal)
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of tooth surface coating material containing S-PRG filler on white spot lesions of young permanent teeth
Publication date: April 2018Source: Pediatric Dental Journal, Volume 28, Issue 1Author(s): Noriko Wakamatsu, Masaki Ogika, Tetsu Okano, Chika Murabayashi, Tsuguko Kondo, Mitsuo IinumaAbstractPurposePre-cavitation carious lesions recognized as white spot lesions (WSLs) are frequently observed on young permanent teeth. A more effective method to remineralize WSLs is needed to prevent not only caries progression, but also esthetic problems. Various coating materials for remineralization have been developed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a coating material (PRG Barrier Coat, SHOFU) containing surface pre-...
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research