Technical success of the ultrasound ‐guided supra‐inguinal fascia iliaca compartment block in older children and adolescents for hip arthroscopy
ConclusionA supra‐inguinal location for the deposition of local anesthetic when performing fascia iliaca nerve block for hip surgery is reliable in anesthetizing the femoral and lateral femoral cutaneous nerves and should encourage investigation into the clinical efficacy. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 13, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Elizabeth Eastburn, Maria A. Hernandez, Karen Boretsky Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Pharmacokinetics of S ‐ketamine during prolonged sedation at the pediatric intensive care unit
ConclusionSubstantial interpatient variability in pharmacokinetics in children complicates the development of adequate dosage regimen for continuous sedation. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 13, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Robert B. Flint, Carole N. M. Brouwer, Anne S. C. Kr änzlin, Loraine Lie‐A‐Huen, Albert P. Bos, Ron A. A. Mathôt Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Sternal malformations and anesthetic management
Summary Shamberger and Welch classify sternal malformations into four types: thoracic ectopia cordis, cervical ectopia cordis, thoraco‐abdominal ectopia cordis, and cleft sternum. Cleft sternum is the most common subset, with a reported incidence of 1 in 50,000 to 100,000 live births, representing 0.15% of all anterior chest wall malformations. Acostello et al further classify cleft sternum into complete or partial (superior, medium, inferior) with a simple superior partial cleft sternum being by far the most common with an orthotopic heart, intact pericardium, and normal skin coverage. Associated anomalies with sup...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 13, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: John H. Nichols, Viviane G. Nasr Tags: EDUCATIONAL REVIEW Source Type: research

Infection prevention in pediatric anesthesia practice
Summary Healthcare‐associated infections are an important source of morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients. Anesthesiologists have a unique role in infection prevention. Hand hygiene and anesthesia workspace decontamination decrease infection rates in surgical patients. Standard protocols exist for insertion and handling of central lines, arterial lines, and regional procedures, which should be strictly adhered to in order to prevent infectious complications. Temperature control and timely administration of antibiotics contribute to the prevention of surgical site infections. Education, culture shift, staff engage...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 13, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Lizabeth D. Martin, Michael Kallile, Siri Kanmanthreddy, Danielle M. Zerr Tags: EDUCATIONAL REVIEW Source Type: research

Opioid use disorder and misuse: A review of the epidemiology and medical implications for pediatric anesthesiologists
Summary This educational review presents an overview of opioid use disorder, misuse and overdose among adolescents, and the clinical implications for anesthesiologists. It provides definitions, discusses the epidemiology worldwide, (focusing on North America), and emphasizes the clinical implications of patients with chronic opioid exposure, including perioperative pain management, as well as opioid overdose and prolonged use of opioids after acute exposure. In the USA, opioid use disorder and negative outcomes related to opioids rose dramatically from 1999‐2010; concomitantly heroin use and fatal overdoses have increase...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 13, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Emily Knipper, Caleb J. Banta ‐Green, Nathalia Jimenez Tags: EDUCATIONAL REVIEW Source Type: research

In this issue: November 2017
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 13, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Tags: IN THIS ISSUE Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 13, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

The use of dipyrone (metamizol) as an analgesic in children: What is the evidence? A review
Summary Dipyrone has analgesic, spasmolytic, and antipyretic effects and is used to treat pain. Due to a possible risk of agranulocytosis with the use of dipyrone, it has been banned in a number of countries. The most commonly used data for the use of dipyrone are related to adults. Information relating to the use of dipyrone in children is scarce. Given the potential added value of dipyrone in the treatment of pain, a review of the literature was conducted to obtain more insight into the analgesic efficacy of dipyrone in children as well as the safety of dipyrone in terms of adverse events. A literature search was done fo...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Thomas G. Leeuw, Maaike Dirckx, Antonia Gonzalez Candel, Gail P. Scoones, Frank J. P. M. Huygen, Saskia N. Wildt Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Source Type: research

Effects of esketamine sedation compared to morphine analgesia on hydrostatic reduction of intussusception: A case ‐cohort comparison study
ConclusionNo serious adverse events were recorded. In comparison to morphine analgesia, with esketamine there was weak evidence for a higher success rate, lower recurrence rate, shorter duration, and shorter length of hospital stay. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 20, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Jascha A. Bunt, Esther S. Veldhoen, Rutger A. J. Nievelstein, Caroline C. C. Hulsker, Antonius N. J. Schouten, Maud Y. A. van Herwaarden Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Effect of availability of video laryngoscopy on the use of fiberoptic intubation in school ‐aged children with microtia
ConclusionsIntroduction of a pediatric video laryngoscope resulted in a substantial decrease in the use of fiberoptic‐assisted tracheal intubation. This change in intubation method might not influence the success rate of intubation in experienced hands but could be relevant for novice users. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 20, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ichiro Kondo, Hidetsugu Kobayashi, Yoshihumi Suga, Akihiro Suzuki, Shuya Kiyama, Shoichi Uezono Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Median effective dose of intranasal dexmedetomidine sedation for transthoracic echocardiography in pediatric patients with noncyanotic congenital heart disease: An up ‐and‐down sequential allocation trial
ConclusionsSingle‐dose of intranasal dexmedetomidine was an effective agent for patients under the age of 3 years requiring sedation for transthoracic echocardiography. The 50% effective dose of intranasal dexmedetomidine for transthoracic echocardiography sedation in children aged 13‐36 months was higher than in children
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 20, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Qing Yu, Yang Liu, Mang Sun, Jing Zhang, Yan Zhao, Fengzhi Liu, Shangyingying Li, Shengfen Tu Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Can noninvasive hemoglobin measurement reduce the need for preoperative venipuncture in pediatric outpatient surgery?
ConclusionThe data in this pediatric setting suggest that the device may eliminate the need for venipuncture in nonanemic children. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 20, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ruifeng Zeng, Christer H. Svensen, Husong Li, Ximou Xu, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Huacheng Liu, Yanrong Li, Wangning Shangguan, Qingquan Lian Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

In This Issue: August 2017
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 9, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Tags: ERRATUM Source Type: research

An antero ‐lateral approach to ultrasound‐guided lumbar plexus block in supine position combined with quadratus lumborum block using single‐needle insertion for pediatric hip surgery
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 9, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Makoto Sato, Mariko Hara, Osamu Uchida Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

How can the Perioperative Surgical Home be applied to pediatric anesthesia practice?
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 9, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Lynne R. Ferrari Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

In this issue: October 2017
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 9, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Tags: IN THIS ISSUE Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 9, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Outstanding contribution to pediatric anesthesiology: An interview with Dr. Robert H. Friesen
Summary Dr. Robert H. Friesen, (1946–) Professor of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, has played a pivotal and pioneering role in the development of pediatric and congenital cardiac anesthesiology. His transformative research included the study of the hemodynamic effects of inhalational and intravenous anesthetic agents in the newborn and the effects of anesthetic agents on pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with pulmonary hypertension. As a model clinician‐scientist, educator, and administrator, he changed the practice of pediatric anesthesia and ...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 5, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Mark D. Twite, Richard J. Ing, Christopher S. Nichols, Myron Yaster Tags: SPECIAL INTEREST ARTICLE Source Type: research

Xenon as an adjuvant to sevoflurane anesthesia in children younger than 4  years of age, undergoing interventional or diagnostic cardiac catheterization: A randomized controlled clinical trial
ConclusionOur observations suggest that combining xenon with sevoflurane in preschool children is safe, feasible, and facilitates hemodynamic management. Larger and adequately powered clinical trials are warranted to investigate the impact of xenon on short‐ and long‐term outcomes in pediatric anesthesia. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 1, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sarah Devroe, Roselien Meeusen, Marc Gewillig, Bjorn Cools, Koen Poesen, Robert Sanders, Steffen Rex Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

The phenylephrine concentration ‐response relationship for blood pressure after nasal delivery in children
ConclusionAbsorption of phenylephrine through the nasal mucosa was rapid and similar to the ophthalmic formulation. Bioavailability was also similar to the ophthalmic formulation. The maximum effect (EMAX) in children was half that in adults (EMAX 50 mm Hg). (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 1, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Brian J. Anderson, Lisa K. Christensen, Valerie E. Armstead, David P. Bilyeu, Kenneth E. Johnson, Robert H. Friesen Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Different predictivity of fluid responsiveness by pulse pressure variation in children after surgical repair of ventricular septal defect or tetralogy of Fallot
Summary BackgroundPulse pressure variation derived from the varied pulse contour method is based on heart‐lung interaction during mechanical ventilation. It has been shown that pulse pressure variation is predictive of fluid responsiveness in children undergoing surgical repair of ventricular septal defect. Right ventricle compliance and pulmonary vascular capacitance in children with tetralogy of Fallot are underdeveloped as compared to those in ventricular septal defect. We hypothesized that the difference in the right ventricle‐pulmonary circulation in the two groups of children would affect the heart‐lung in...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 31, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ding Han, Shoudong Pan, Xiaonan Wang, Qingyan Jia, Yi Luo, Jia Li, Chuan Ou ‐Yang Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Anesthetic considerations for a novel anterior surgical approach to pediatric scoliosis correction
ConclusionsThe described anesthetic and analgesic management provides a framework for delivering perioperative care for this challenging procedure, which is gaining popularity as a modality for scoliosis correction. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 31, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Jonathan S. Gal, Christopher J. Curatolo, Jeron Zerillo, Bryan Hill, Baron Lonner, Laury A. Cuddihy, M. D. Antonacci, Randal R. Betz, Samuel DeMaria, Yury Khelemsky Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Anesthesia ‐related and perioperative mortality: An audit of 8493 cases at a tertiary pediatric teaching hospital in South Africa
This study aimed to quantify the incidence of anesthesia‐related and perioperative mortality at a large tertiary pediatric hospital in South Africa. MethodsThis study included all children aged
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 31, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Heidi M. Meyer, Jenny Thomas, Graeme S. Wilson, Marianna de Kock Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Lower airway dimensions in pediatric patients —A computed tomography study
ConclusionThis comprehensive anatomical database of lower airway dimensions demonstrates that tracheal and bronchial diameters correlate better to age, and that tracheal and bronchial length correlate better to body length. All measured airway parameters correlated poorly to body weight. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 28, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Patricia Szelloe, Markus Weiss, Thomas Schraner, Mital H. Dave Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

The role of ultrasound in appropriate endotracheal tube size selection in pediatric patients
ConclusionOur findings show that subglottic diameter measured by ultrasound appears to be a reliable predictor for the assessment of the subglottic diameter of the airway in estimating appropriate size pediatric endotracheal tube. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 28, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Demet Altun, Mukadder Orhan ‐Sungur, Achmet Ali, Tülay Özkan‐Seyhan, Nükhet Sivrikoz, Emre Çamcı Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Ten years of simulation ‐based training in pediatric anesthesia: The inception, evolution, and dissemination of the Managing Emergencies in Paediatric Anaesthesia (MEPA) course
This article describes the history, evolution, and dissemination of the MEPA course to share lessons learnt with educators considering the launch of similar initiatives in their field. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 17, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tobias C. Everett, Ralph MacKinnon, David Beer, Matthew Taylor, Matthew Dylan Bould Tags: SPECIAL INTEREST ARTICLE Source Type: research

Infant spinal anesthesia: Do girls need a larger dose of local anesthetic?
ConclusionThere is no evidence that sex differences occur at the ED50 dose range or at the clinically relevant ED95 dose. Modification of spinal anesthetic dose is not required for infant girls. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 17, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Geoff Frawley, Md Hamidul Huque Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Does ultrasound guidance add accuracy to continuous caudal ‐epidural catheter placements in neonates and infants?
ConclusionsWe conclude that catheters placed under ultrasound guidance are more accurate than the traditional method developed before the advent of ultrasound in young infants. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 10, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Vrushali C. Ponde, Vinit V. Bedekar, Ankit P. Desai, Kiran A. Puranik Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

A limited evaluation of the association of race and anesthetic medication administration: A single ‐center experience with appendectomies
ConclusionsWe did not find a significant difference in preoperative or intraoperative medication administration based on race when we adjusted for age, gender, and attending anesthesiologist practice patterns. We encourage all institutions to monitor their own practice patterns with regard to race. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 10, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Julia M. Rosenbloom, Kumaran Senthil, Alexander S. Long, Whitney R. Robinson, Kenneth N. Peeples, John E. Fiadjoe, Ronald S. Litman Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Combination of intranasal dexmedetomidine and oral midazolam as sedation for pediatric MRI
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 3, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Giorgio Cozzi, Lorenzo Monasta, Natalia Maximova, Federico Poropat, Andrea Magnolato, Eugenio Sbis à, Stefania Norbedo, Giuliana Sternissa, Davide Zanon, Egidio Barbi Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Implications of Pediatric Frova length in airway management
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 3, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Priya Rudingwa, Sakthirajan Pannerselvam Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Comment to “Intraoperative apnea in children after buffered 5% povidone‐iodine site sterilization for strabismus surgery”
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 3, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Mehrdad Goudarzi, Amir Abbas Yaghooti, Shaqayeq Marashi Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

The association between caudal anesthesia and increased risk of postoperative surgical complications in boys undergoing hypospadias repair: Comment on data sparsity
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 3, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Erfan Ayubi, Saeid Safiri Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Letter to the editor regarding “The association between caudal anesthesia and increased risk of postoperative surgical complications in boys undergoing hypospadias repair”
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 3, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Melissa McGrath, Bethany Easterbrook, Luis H. P. Braga Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Brain molecular changes and behavioral alterations induced by propofol anesthesia exposure in peripubertal rats
ConclusionIn peripubertal rats, propofol anesthesia exposure induces transient molecular and behavioral response that share similarities with those reported previously for addictive drugs. In the absence of additional pharmacological manipulation, all detected effects receded within 48 hour after the treatment. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 3, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Željko Pavković, Kosara Smiljanić, Selma Kanazir, Desanka Milanović, Vesna Pešić, Sabera Ruždijić Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

The radiological home: Pediatric anesthesiologist's role in risk assessment for imaging procedures
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 3, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Joseph P. Cravero, Michael J. Callahan Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

In this issue: September 2017
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 3, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Tags: IN THIS ISSUE Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - August 3, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Position and relative size of the vertebral artery according to age: Implications for internal jugular vein access
ConclusionThe theoretical risk of vertebral artery puncture is higher in younger children during internal jugular vein catheterization. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 24, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Chul ‐Woo Jung, Gulomjon Jalilov, In‐Kyung Song, Eun‐Hee Kim, Hee‐Soo Kim, Jin‐Tae Kim, Ji‐Hyun Lee Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Anatomic variations of neck vessels and the course of pediatric internal jugular veins
ConclusionsThe common carotid artery and internal jugular vein are farther apart as one moves down the neck, whereas the vertebral artery and internal jugular vein are getting together. Additionally, the diameter of the internal jugular vein increased. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 24, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Kai ‐Ming Yuan, En‐Ci Liu, Ping Li, Wang‐Ning Shangguan, Jun Li, Qing‐Quan Lian Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Intraoperative hemodynamic factors predicting early postoperative renal function in pediatric kidney transplantation
ConclusionIntraoperative hemodynamics during kidney transplantation should be optimized in order to increase mean blood pressure according to values indicated by our analyses. Cold ischemia duration should be shortened as far as possible. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 24, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Daphn é Michelet, Christopher Brasher, Lucile Marsac, Nabil Zanoun, Mona Assefi, Alaa Elghoneimi, Stephane Dauger, Souhayl Dahmani Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Static cerebrovascular pressure autoregulation remains intact during deep hypothermia
ConclusionIntact steady‐state cerebrovascular pressure autoregulation is demonstrated in a swine model of profound hypothermia. Lower limit of autoregulation and static rate of autoregulation were similar in hypothermic and normothermic subjects. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 18, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Dheeraj Goswami, Katherine McLeod, Samantha Leonard, Kathleen Kibler, Ronald Blaine Easley, Charles D. Fraser, Dean Andropoulos, Ken Brady Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Interventions for postoperative pain in children: An overview of systematic reviews
Summary The aim of this study was to conduct an overview of systematic reviews that summarizes the results about efficacy and safety from randomized controlled trials involving the various strategies used for postoperative pain management in children. We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL, Database of Reviews of Effect, Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO from the earliest date to January 24, 2016. This overview included 45 systematic reviews that evaluated interventions for postoperative pain in children. Out of 45 systematic reviews that investigated various interventions for postoperative pain in chi...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 14, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Krste Boric, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Marijan Batinic, Marija Cavar, Marjan Urlic, Nikolina Markovina, Livia Puljak Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Source Type: research

A Visual Analog Scale to assess anxiety in children during anesthesia induction (VAS ‐I): Results supporting its validity in a sample of day care surgery patients
ConclusionsThe present data provide preliminary data for the validity of a Visual Analog Scale to assess children's anxiety during induction. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 14, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Johan M. Berghmans, Marten J. Poley, Jan Ende, Frank Weber, Marc Velde, Peter Adriaenssens, Dirk Himpe, Frank C. Verhulst, Elisabeth Utens Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Transthoracic intracardiac catheters in pediatric cardiac patients: A single ‐center experience
ConclusionsTransthoracic intracardiac catheters are useful in the management of specific patient groups with complex congenital heart defects. Adverse events do occur; most of them do not require intervention. The insertion technique plays an important role in avoiding adverse events. Strict guidelines for the use and removal of transthoracic intracardiac catheters are required. Low platelet count should delay catheter removal. The wealth of information and therapeutic options offered by these catheters appear to outweigh the associated potential adverse events in this specific patient group. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 14, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Kristoffer Beham, Hitendu Dave, Janet Kelly, Bernhard Frey, Maja I. Hug, Barbara Brotschi Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Anesthesia for fetal surgery
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 7, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Monica A. Hoagland, Debnath Chatterjee Tags: ERRATUM Source Type: research

Is single ‐shot thoracic epidural the only aid to early discharge after pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 7, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Vanya Chugh, Anju R. Bhalotra Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

A case of Hirschsprung disease recognized during anesthesia induction with nitrous oxide
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 7, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Junko Takahashi, Hiroyuki Seki, Kei Inoue, Reiko Murase, Satoshi Ideno, Hiroshi Morisaki Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Two infants with presumed Zika congenital syndrome presenting for exam under general anesthesia
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 7, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Michael T. Kuntz, Jacqueline L. Tutiven, Sarah Parker Read, Camilla V. Ventura, Audina M. Berrocal Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

The complexities of delivering anesthesia and pediatric intensive care to a critically Ill pediatric refugee
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 7, 2017 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: David Greaney, Suzanne Crowe Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research