Structured intervention for management of pain following day surgery in children
ConclusionAfter thorough information of the parents we have successfully implemented a surgery‐specific regime of primarily around‐the‐clock dosing of drug formulations acceptable for the specific child with dispensed medication ready available for the family. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 13, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Søren Walther‐Larsen, Gitte Bruun Aagaard, Susanne Molin Friis, Trine Petersen, Jørn Møller‐Sonnergaard, Janne Rømsing Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Hemodynamic response to ketamine in children with pulmonary hypertension
ConclusionKetamine is associated with minimal, clinically insignificant hemodynamic changes in sedated, mechanically ventilated children with pulmonary hypertension. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 13, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Robert H. Friesen, Mark D. Twite, Christopher S. Nichols, Kathryn A. Cardwell, Zhaoxing Pan, Jeffrey R. Darst, Neil Wilson, Thomas E. Fagan, Shelley D. Miyamoto, D. Dunbar Ivy Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pediatric emergence delirium: Canadian Pediatric Anesthesiologists' experience
We present information on current practice patterns with respect to prophylaxis and treatment of ED among a specialized group of pediatric anesthesiologists and highlight the importance of further research in improving the treatment of this common and challenging peri‐anesthetic occurrence. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 12, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: H. David Rosen, Deborah Mervitz, Joseph P. Cravero Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Time to talk about work‐hour impact on anesthesiologists
Summary BackgroundA physician's fatigue raises significant concerns regarding personal and patient safety. Effects of sleep deprivation on clinical performance and the quality of patient care are major considerations of today's health care environment. AimTo evaluate the impact of partial sleep deprivation after a 17‐h overnight call (3 pm–7 am) on the mood status and cognitive skills of anesthesiologists in an academic clinical hospital setting, as compared to these parameters during regular working hours. MethodsTaking circadian rhythm into account, the following measures were assessed in 21 pediatric anesthesiol...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 12, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Haleh Saadat, Bruno Bissonnette, Dmitry Tumin, Arlyne Thung, Julie Rice, N'Diris Barry, Joseph Tobias Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Neurotoxicity, general anesthesia in young children, and a survey of current pediatric anesthesia practice at US teaching institutions
ConclusionA significant need exists to provide information to other pediatric professionals and parents. A consistent message from all providers that includes what is known, and indeed more importantly what is not known may be a useful approach. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 12, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Christopher G. Ward, Scott J. Hines, Lynne G. Maxwell, Francis X. McGowan, Lena S. Sun Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Respiratory variation in aortic blood flow peak velocity to predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated children: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
ConclusionOur results confirm that the ΔVPeak is an accurate predictor of fluid responsiveness in children under mechanical ventilation. However, the question of the optimal cutoff value of ΔVPeak to predict fluid responsiveness remains uncertain, as there are important variations between original publications, and needs to be resolved in further studies. The potential impact of intraoperative cardiac output optimization using goal‐directed fluid therapy based on ΔVPeak on the perioperative outcome in the pediatric population should be subsequently evaluated. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 7, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: François‐Pierrick Desgranges, Olivier Desebbe, Edmundo Pereira de Souza Neto, Darren Raphael, Dominique Chassard Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

Oropharyngeal oxygen and volatile anesthetic agent concentration during the use of laryngeal mask airway in children
ConclusionsWith the use of a laryngeal mask airway and the administration of 100% oxygen, there was significant contamination of the oropharynx during both PPV and SV. The oropharyngeal concentration of oxygen was high enough to support combustion in a significant number of patients. The use of a laryngeal mask airway does not ensure sealing of the airway and may be one risk factor for an airway fire during adenotonsillectomy. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 6, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Mumin Hakim, Senthil G. Krishna, Ahsan Syed, Meredith Lind, Charles Elmaraghy, Joseph D. Tobias Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Continuous chloroprocaine infusion for thoracic and caudal epidurals as a postoperative analgesia modality in neonates, infants, and children
ConclusionThe results suggest that chloroprocaine offers an efficacious alternative to the amide local anesthetics for postoperative epidural analgesia in the pediatric population. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 5, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Giorgio Veneziano, Peter Iliev, Jennifer Tripi, David Martin, Jennifer Aldrink, Tarun Bhalla, Joseph Tobias Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A systematic review of methodology applied during preclinical anesthetic neurotoxicity studies: important issues and lessons relevant to the design of future clinical research
ConclusionComparison between studies is thus complicated by this heterogeneous methodology and the relevance of the combined body of literature to humans remains uncertain. Future preclinical studies should use better standardized methodologies to facilitate transferability of findings from preclinical into clinical science. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 4, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Nicola Disma, Maria C. Mondardini, Niccolò Terrando, Anthony R. Absalom, Federico Bilotta Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

Airway management in laryngotracheal injuries from blunt neck trauma in children
We present a case of a patient who suffered a complete tracheal transection and cervical spine fracture following a clothesline injury to the anterior neck. A review of the mechanisms of injury, clinical presentation, initial airway management, and anesthetic considerations in laryngotracheal injuries from blunt neck trauma in children are presented. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - November 4, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Debnath Chatterjee, Rita Agarwal, Lalit Bajaj, Sarena N. Teng, Jeremy D. Prager Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Reviewers List
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Reviewer List Source Type: research

Lung ultrasound assessment of influenza A(H1N1)‐associated ARDS in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia outbreak undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Emanuele Rossetti, Roberto Bianchi, Matteo Di Nardo, Sergio Picardo Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Is atropine premedication during ketamine–dexmedetomidine sedation is necessary?
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Nesrin Bozdogan Ozyilkan, Hatice Evren Eker, Anis Aribogan Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Let them drink!
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: David J. Steward Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Should awake caudals and epidurals be used more frequently in neonates and infants?
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Anju R. Bhalotra Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The Guedel airway: too large is too bad
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Christoph Eich, Oana‐Roxana Funke Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Changes in QTc associated with a rapid bolus dose of dexmedetomidine in patients receiving TIVA: a retrospective study
Summary BackgroundClinical indications for the perioperative use of dexmedetomidine in pediatric anesthesia are accumulating. However, in 2013, dexmedetomidine was added to the list of medications with possible risk of prolonging the QT interval and/or inducing Torsades de Pointes. Unfortunately, current evidence for dexmedetomidine‐induced QT prolongation is sparse and somewhat contradictory. ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to evaluate temporal changes in corrected QT interval (QTc) after a rapid bolus administration of dexmedetomidine under total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with a standardized propofol and rem...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Matthias Görges, Simon D. Whyte, Shubhayan Sanatani, Joy Dawes, Carolyne J. Montgomery, J. Mark Ansermino Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A smartphone version of the Faces Pain Scale‐Revised and the Color Analog Scale for postoperative pain assessment in children
ConclusionThe Panda smartphone application can be used in lieu of the original FPS‐R and CAS for assessment of pain in children. Children's preference for Panda may translate to improved cooperation with self‐report of pain. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Terri Sun, Nicholas West, J. Mark Ansermino, Carolyne J. Montgomery, Dorothy Myers, Dustin Dunsmuir, Gillian R. Lauder, Carl L. Baeyer Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A blood transfusion can save a child's life or threaten it
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Susan M. Goobie Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

In this issue December 2015
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Tags: In this issue Source Type: research

Perioperative care of infants with pyloric stenosis
Summary Pyloric stenosis (PS) is one of the most common surgical conditions affecting neonates and young infants. The definitive treatment for PS is surgical pyloromyotomy, either open or laparoscopic. However, surgical intervention should never be considered urgent or emergent. More importantly, emergent medical intervention may be required to correct intravascular volume depletion and electrolyte disturbances. Given advancements in surgical and perioperative care, morbidity and mortality from PS should be limited. However, either may occur related to poor preoperative resuscitation, anesthetic management difficulties, or...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 23, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Mineto Kamata, Richard S. Cartabuke, Joseph D. Tobias Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Ability of hemostatic assessment to detect bleeding disorders and to predict abnormal surgical blood loss in children: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
ConclusionCurrent evidence does not identify a tool that adequately predicts BDs and/or abnormal surgical blood loss in children. Questionnaires currently available do not perform well. In the setting of a pediatric coagulation clinic, the PFA‐100 has the highest chance of detecting a BD. This meta‐analysis highlights the weakness of the literature regarding the prediction of perioperative bleeding due to congenital hemostatic disorders in children. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 16, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Joanne Guay, David Faraoni, Fanny Bonhomme, Annie Borel Derlon, Dominique Lasne Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pain outcomes in children who received intrathecal vs intravenous opioids for pain control following major urologic surgery: a retrospective review
ConclusionWe observed better postoperative pain control in children who received IT vs IV opioids for the first 16 h with no discernible difference thereafter. The intrathecal group experienced higher incidences of pruritus, constipation, and hypotension. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 15, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Elizabeth M. Putnam, Prabhat Koppera, Shobha Malviya, Terri Voepel‐Lewis Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Preoperative screening for sickle cell disease in children: a pragmatic solution in a UK district hospital
Summary Sickle cell disease and other hemoglobin disorders are becoming increasingly prevalent across the whole of Europe and hence within our anesthetic practice. Despite this, there still appears to be a largely varied consensus on when preoperative sickle cell testing is necessary in the pediatric population. In this article, we describe one approach adopted in a district hospital within London to simplify this problem. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 13, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Kim Jemmett, Andrew Williams Tags: Special Interest Article Source Type: research

Effects of sevoflurane exposure during late pregnancy on brain development of offspring mice
ConclusionsThese results suggest that the exposure during late pregnancy to a clinically relevant concentration of sevoflurane does not affect neuronal development and learning/memory ability of offspring mice. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 13, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tomomi Suehara, Jun Morishita, Masaaki Ueki, Masaki Ueno, Nobuhiro Maekawa, Satoshi Mizobuchi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Economic aspects of intraoperative coagulation management targeting higher fibrinogen concentrations during major craniosynostosis surgery
Summary BackgroundResults of a previously published study demonstrated a significant decrease in transfusion requirements and calculated blood loss for pediatric major craniosynostosis surgery, if a ROTEM® FIBTEM trigger of
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 12, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Thorsten Haas, Nelly Spielmann, Tanja Restin, Alexander R. Schmidt, Markus Schmugge, Melissa M. Cushing Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The presumed central nervous system effects of rocuronium in a neonate and its reversal with sugammadex
We describe a 2‐day‐old male infant who received rocuronium as part of general anesthesia for a tracheal esophageal fistula repair. Postoperatively, he had prolonged central and peripheral neuromuscular blockade despite cessation of the rocuronium infusion several hours previously. This case discusses the presumed central nervous system effects of rocuronium in a neonate and its effective reversal with sugammadex. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 12, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ross J. Langley, Jillian McFadzean, Jon McCormack Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Risk assessment and anesthetic management of patients with Williams syndrome: a comprehensive review
Summary Since the first description in 1961, several case reports have documented an increased incidence of anesthesia‐related cardiac arrest in patients with Williams–Beuren syndrome, commonly known as Williams syndrome (WS). Widespread arteriopathy secondary to an elastin gene defect results in various cardiac defects, including supravalvar aortic stenosis (SVAS) and coronary artery anomalies, which can increase the risk of myocardial ischemia. Even though patients with WS are known to have increased risk of adverse events during anesthesia and sedation, they often undergo several procedures that require anesthes...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 12, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew J. Matisoff, Laura Olivieri, Jamie M. Schwartz, Nina Deutsch Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Failure mode and effective analysis ameliorate awareness of medical errors: a 4‐year prospective observational study in critically ill children
ConclusionWith the introduction of FMEA, we obtained an increased awareness in error reporting. Application of these systems will improve the quality of healthcare services. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 4, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Marco Daverio, Giuliana Fino, Brugnaro Luca, Cristina Zaggia, Andrea Pettenazzo, Antonella Parpaiola, Paola Lago, Angela Amigoni Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Paperless anesthesia: uses and abuses of these data
Summary Demonstrably accurate records facilitate clinical decision making, improve patient safety, provide better defense against frivolous lawsuits, and enable better medical policy decisions. Anesthesia Information Management Systems (AIMS) have the potential to improve on the accuracy and reliability of handwritten records. Interfaces with electronic recording systems within the hospital or wider community allow correlation of anesthesia relevant data with biochemistry laboratory results, billing sections, radiological units, pharmacy, earlier patient records, and other systems. Electronic storage of large and accurate ...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 3, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Brian J. Anderson, Alan F. Merry Tags: Special Interest Article Source Type: research

Anesthesia and the developing brain: a way forward for clinical research
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Is the supraclavicular approach to the central vein still risky and taboo?
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tomohiro Yamamoto, Ehrenfried Schindler Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Laryngospasm notch pressure (‘Larson's maneuver’) may have a role in laryngospasm management in children: highlighting a so far unproven technique
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Daniel Abelson Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Evaluating the efficacy and safety of scalp blocks in nonsyndromic craniosynostosis surgery
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Oluwaseun A. Adetayo, Jonathan Poggi Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Reply to Engelhardt, Thomas; Wolf, Andy, regarding their comment ‘Surveys and all – the role of pediatric anesthetic societies’
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Alan R. Tait, Terri Voepel‐Lewis Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Surveys and all—the role of pediatric anesthetic societies
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Thomas Engelhardt, Andrew R. Wolf Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Response to editorial comments by Drs. Williams and Ramamoorthy
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Peter D. Winch, Joseph Tobias, Mark Galantowicz, Aymen Naguib Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Response to Dr A Snoek ‘Useful as a point‐of‐care algorithm?’
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ann E. Black, Paul E. Flynn, Helen L. Smith, Mark L. Thomas, Kathy A. Wilkinson Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Useful as a point‐of‐care algorithm?
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Aarjan P. Snoek Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Why rare diseases are of special interest to pediatric anesthesiologists
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Francis Veyckemans Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The puzzling aspects of anesthesia and autism spectrum disorder
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Allison Kinder Ross Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

News from the pediatric anesthesia societies: the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Emad Mossad Tags: News from the Pediatric Societies Source Type: research

In this issue November 2015
(Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Andrew Davidson Tags: In this issue Source Type: research

Preanesthetic nurse communication with children and parents—an observational study
ConclusionsThis is the first prospective observational study investigating the language used by nurses during the preoperative child–parent encounter. Suggestions for negative perceptual experiences were frequently used during the preoperative nurse consultations. Education of nurses regarding awareness and understanding of negative suggestions and their potential adverse effects is recommended. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 29, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Chris Perry, Carolina Samuelsson, Allan M. Cyna Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Heart rate response to a caudal block in children anesthetized with sevoflurane after ultrasound confirmation of placement
Summary IntroductionPrevious studies identified decreasing heart rate (HR) as a predictor of successful caudal placement in children using halothane and isoflurane. No changes were found in HR in the one study using sevoflurane. We documented HR changes in children following a caudal block during sevoflurane anesthesia utilizing ultrasound to confirm successful caudal placement. MethodsSeventy‐one children (1–82 months) were anesthetized with sevoflurane. A caudal block was placed with confirmation by ultrasound. Four aliquots of bupivacaine 0.2% with epinephrine 5 μg·cc−1 were administered for a to...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 29, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Adam C. Adler, Donald A. Schwartz, Annemarie Begley, Jennifer Friderici, Neil Roy Connelly Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of glottic view through Air‐Q Intubating Laryngeal Airway in the supine and lateral position and assessing it as a conduit for blind endotracheal intubation in children in the supine position
ConclusionThe Air‐QILA is an easy to place supraglottic airway device with excellent airway seal and low airway morbidity. It may be useful as a conduit for blind orotracheal intubation in supine position and can be used as an effective alternative to FOB in low resource settings. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 29, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ravinder Kumar Pandey, Raj Kumar Subramanium, Vanlal Darlong, Chandra Lekha, Rakesh Garg, Jyotsna Punj, Vimi Rewari, Meenu Bajpai Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The prevalence of pain at home and its consequences in children following two types of short stay surgery: a multicenter observational cohort study
ConclusionsThe prevalence of pain at home, and its potential associated consequences, is high following short stay surgery in children in the UK. In both groups, high incidences were seen for longer periods than is commonly perceived. These findings were consistent between the centers involved suggesting that this is a significant national healthcare issue with potential short‐ and long‐term consequences for the child, their family, and health services. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 26, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Glyn Williams, Graham Bell, Justin Buys, Tony Moriarty, Anil Patel, Robin Sunderland, Liz Shepherd, Peter Brooks, Sara Polhill Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta‐analysis of acute severe complications of pediatric anesthesia
ConclusionThe data on pediatric anesthesia acute severe complications are poorly defined with large variation in the specificity of diagnostic reporting even within studies. We suggest that it is vital for future studies in this area to be based on a standardized system of diagnostic reporting (possibly with a hierarchical system of coding) with adequate description of population details to describe heterogeneity of data. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 23, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Asadollah Mir ghassemi, Victor Neira, Lee‐Anne Ufholz, Nick Barrowman, Jamila Mulla, Carol L. Bradbury, Matthew Dylan Bould Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

Evaluation of I‐gel™ airway in different head and neck positions in anesthetized paralyzed children
This study aimed to quantify the influence of different head and neck positions namely neutral, maximum flexion, and maximum extension on OPLP, ventilation scoring, and fiberoptic grading using I‐gel™ in anesthetized, paralyzed children. MethodsI‐gel™ was inserted in 30 paralyzed, anesthetized children scheduled for elective urological and orthopedic procedures. Anesthesia was induced with sevoflurane in oxygen. Atracurium was administered intravenously to facilitate neuromuscular relaxation. Recordings of OPLP in neutral, maximum flexion, and maximum extension were taken as primary outcome. Fiberoptic grad...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 18, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Divya Jain, Babita Ghai, Indu Bala, Komal Gandhi, Gargi Banerjee Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The state of UK pediatric anesthesia: a survey of National Health Service activity
Summary This secondary analysis of the 2013 United Kingdom National Health Service (NHS) Anaesthesia Activity Survey of the Fifth National Audit Project (of the Royal College of Anaesthetists and Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland) shows pediatric anesthesia activity in detail. A local coordinator (LC) in every NHS hospital collected data on patients undergoing any procedure managed by an anesthetist. Questionnaires had 30 question categories. Each LC was randomized to a 2‐day period. The pediatric age groups were infants, (
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 15, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Michael R. J. Sury, Renuka Arumainathan, Alla M. Belhaj, James H. MacG Palmer, Tim M. Cook, Jaideep J. Pandit Tags: Special Interest Article Source Type: research