What Interventions Improve Outcomes for the Patient Who Is Depressed and in Pain?
The purpose of this clinical consultation is to offer nurses evidence-based strategies to provide holistic care to their patients with comorbid depression and pain. The combination of depression and pain is common and, if not managed effectively, has negative outcomes. Treatment-resistance is one negative outcome. The worst-case scenario for unrelieved depression and/or pain is suicide. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - October 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan V. Brammer Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of Auricular Acupressure on Pain Management: A  Systematic Review
Nearly half of hospitalized patients in the United States have reported experiencing pain even while undergoing treatment for pain. Analgesic use is the most common type of treatment for pain management. Many patients who experience pain seek nonpharmacologic interventions to manage their pain, including forms of complementary or alternative medicine such as auricular acupressure (AA). (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - October 16, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Eunhea You, David Kim, Ryan Harris, Karen D'Alonzo Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Assessing the Impact of the Position Paper “Prescribing and Administering Opioid Doses Based Solely on Pain Intensity”
A task force of members of the American Society for Pain Management Nursing (ASPMN) authored a position paper “Prescribing and Administering Opioid Doses Based Solely on Pain Intensity.” Some of the authors of this ASPMN position paper presented a concurrent session at the September 2016 ASPMN National Conference discussing the content of the position paper. As a follow-up, the authors designed a resear ch study to identify the impact of the position statement in facilitating change in institutional practice of dosing analgesics based solely on pain intensity. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - October 16, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Ann Quinlan-Colwell, Kathleen Broglio, Diana Rae, Debra J. Drew, Carolyn C. Brown, Kimberly Fetty Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of the Buzzy Application on Pain and Injection Satisfaction in Adult Patients Receiving Intramuscular Injections
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the Buzzy application on pain and satisfaction during injections. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - October 11, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Melek Şahin, İsmet Eşer Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Self-Perceived Pain Assessment Knowledge and Confidence (Self-PAC) Scale for Cancer and Palliative Care Nurses: a Preliminary Validation Study
Pain is highly prevalent in all health care settings, and frequently poorly managed. Effective pain management is predicated on a continuous cycle of screening, assessing, intervening and evaluating. Identifying gaps in nurses ’ self-perceived pain assessment competencies is an essential first step in the design of tailored interventions to embed effective pain assessment into routine clinical practice, and improve patient reported pain outcomes. Yet, few validated instruments focus on the competencies required for unde rtaking a comprehensive pain assessment, with most focusing on clinician’s pain management c...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - October 10, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Jane L. Phillips, Nicole Heneka, Louise Hickman, Lawrence Lam Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Translating Evidence into Practice
Pain management nurses are dedicated to advancing and providing the highest level of care based on best practices for individuals experiencing pain (ASPMN, 2016). Translating evidence into practice poses some unique challenges and demands specialized skills. Some thoughts to consider; (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - October 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Elaine Miller Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial board,; PMS 315 (bleeds)
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - October 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Table of contents; PMS 315 (bleeds)
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - October 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Information for Readers, PMS 315 (bleed)
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - October 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Psychometric Assessment of Physiologic and Behavioral Pain Indicators in Polish Versions of the Pain Assessment Scales
There is an urgent need to prepare a reliable and accurate tool for pain assessment in patients who are unable to self-report. Translating pain assessment scales into foreign languages requires further validation testing. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - September 27, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Aleksandra Gutysz-Wojnicka, Dorota Ozga, Ewa Mayzner-Zawadzka, Danuta Dyk, Mariusz Majewski, Anna Doboszy ńska Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Current State of Pain Resource Nurse (PRN) Programs and Experiences of PRNs in China
Since the 2010s, the Pain Resource Nurse (PRN) program and similar programs have been introduced in Chinese hospitals. However, the status of the PRN program and nurses ’ experiences in these programs remain unclear. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - September 26, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Yingge Tong, Jiajia Chen, Ling Chai, Lei Yang, Caifang Zhang, Miaomiao Liu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Relations among Pain, Pain Beliefs, and Psychological Well-Being in Patients with Chronic Pain
Chronic pain influencing the quality of life and well-being of the patients are also affected by pain beliefs. Psychological well-being could make a person have positive pain beliefs and these could facilitate patients ’ coping skills. In the care of the patients with chronic pain, nursing interventions can improve patients’ well-being. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - September 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Sacide Yildizeli Topcu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Impact of Patient Characteristics and Postoperative Opioid Exposure on Prolonged Postoperative Opioid Use: An Integrative Review
The objective of this review is to evaluate how postoperative opioid exposure relates to prolonged use and to identify factors that predict prolonged postoperative opioid use. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - August 29, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Jennifer A. Lanzillotta, Angela Clark, Edith Starbuck, Emily B. Kean, Melissa Kalarchian Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Context Matters for  Nurses Leading Pain Improvement in U.S. Hospitals
Background: Pain continues to be a problem in hospitalized patients. Contextual factors contribute to the success of pain quality improvement efforts. Aims: This paper describes nurse team leaders ’ perceptions of organizational context and factors perceived to help and hinder the process of leading a unit-based improvement effort focused on pain. Design: Qualitative descriptive design. Setting: Interviews took place over the telephone. Participants: Nurses from 106 hospitals across the Uni ted States. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - August 3, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan S. Tavernier, Jia-Wen Guo, Jacqueline Eaton, Jeannine M. Brant, Patricia Berry, Susan L. Beck Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Intranasal Vasopressin Relieves Orthopedic Pain After  Surgery
This study investigated the effect of intranasal AVP on orthopedic pain after surgery in a randomized controlled trial with a double-blind design. Participants: The study included 653 orthopedic patients and 661 health volunteers. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - August 3, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Fu-Juan Yang, Ling Ma, Jun Yang, Zhi-Ling Zhu, Chang-Hong Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Context Matters for Nurses Leading Pain Improvement in U.S. Hospitals
Background: Pain continues to be a problem in hospitalized patients. Contextual factors contribute to the success of pain quality improvement efforts. Aims: This paper describes nurse team leaders ’ perceptions of organizational context and factors perceived to help and hinder the process of leading a unit-based improvement effort focused on pain. Design: Qualitative descriptive design. Setting: Interviews took place over the telephone. Participants: Nurses from 106 hospitals across the Uni ted States. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - August 3, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan S. Tavernier, Jia-Wen Guo, Jacqueline Eaton, Jeannine M. Brant, Patricia Berry, Susan L. Beck Source Type: research

Thriving Through Change
For the last three years, Dr. Cecile Evans has served as acting editor and most recently as Associate Editor of the journal. During her time of service, Cecile has commendably served in these roles, has helped in forging our journal's future path, and significantly contributed to the quality of this publication. We are deeply grateful for the numerous contributions Dr. Evans has made. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - August 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Elaine Miller Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial board
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - August 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Table of contents
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - August 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - August 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Pain Management Issues as Part of the Comprehensive Care of Patients with Sickle Cell Disease
Vaso-occlusive pain crisis is one of the primary complications of sickle cell disease (SCD) and is responsible for the majority of hospital visits in patients with SCD. Stints of severe pain can last for hours to days and are difficult to treat and manage, often resulting in drastically reduced quality of life. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - August 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Bhaskar V.K.S. Lakkakula, Radharani Sahoo, Henu Verma, Saikrishna Lakkakula Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Postoperative Pain and Patient Satisfaction
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on postoperative pain, changes in patients ’ vital signs, and patient satisfaction after inguinal herniorrhaphy. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - July 30, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Emel Y ılmaz, Ebru Karakaya, Hakan Baydur, İdil Tekin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Quality Improvement Initiative to Improve Postoperative Pain with a Clinical Pathway and Nursing Education Program
We created a multicomponent intervention to improve pain management in the immediate postoperative period with the goal of improving the quality of patient recovery. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - July 26, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Dahlia Naqib, Mike Purvin, Rashmi Prasad, Irini M. Hanna, Sandra Dimitri, Angela Llufrio, Marie N. Hanna Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Effect of the Pain Symptom Cluster on Performance in Women Diagnosed with Advanced Breast Cancer: The Mediating Role of the Psychoneurological Symptom Cluster
Background: Pain, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and constipation were reported in different symptom clusters at different stages of breast cancer. Managing symptom clusters rather than individual symptoms can improve performance status. Aim: The study examined the effect of pain symptom cluster (pain and constipation) on performance when mediated by the psychoneurological symptom cluster (depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances) using age as a moderator. Design: A secondary analysis. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - June 21, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Kawther Ismail Hamash, Wendy Umberger, Aynur Aktas, Declan Walsh, Vinay K. Cheruvu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Seeking Chronic Pain Relief: A Hermeneutic Exploration
Background: In the United States, chronic pain is experienced by over 39.4 million adults, many of whom are treated with opioid pain medications. Aim: This research presents an interpretation of the experience of seeking pain relief for a group of people taking opioid pain medications whose pain is not adequately controlled. Methods: A concurrent embedded mixed-methods design was used, including a Heideggerian hermeneutic qualitative approach that focuses on the participants ’ perceptions as a vehicle for understanding the phenomenon of seeking pain relief with descriptive quantitative data in a supporting role. (Sou...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - June 21, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Crystal Lederhos Smith, Billie Severtsen, Roxanne Vandermause, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Marian Wilson, John Roll Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Postoperative Pain Management: A Bedside Perspective
Purpose: Postoperative pain management is an ongoing challenge in surgical care, during which inadequate relief can contribute to postoperative complications, and nurses are key figures in this process. The aim of the present study was to gain knowledge of how nurses provide postoperative pain management for women undergoing major surgery for endometriosis. Design: An ethnographic field study, consisting of semi-structured interviews and participant observations, was conducted in a setting of 2 gynecological units within a large Scandinavian university hospital. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - June 21, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Anne Mette Bach, Axel Forman, Lene Seibaek Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Randomized, Single-Blind Study Evaluating the Effect of a Bone Pain Education Video on Reported Bone Pain in Patients with Breast Cancer Receiving Chemotherapy and Pegfilgrastim
Background: Mild-to-moderate bone pain is the most commonly reported adverse event associated with pegfilgrastim. Aims: To investigate the effect of bone pain education on pegfilgrastim-related bone pain in patients with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy and pegfilgrastim. Design: Randomized, single-blind study. Settings: Forty-eight community oncology clinics throughout the United States. Participants: Three hundred women ≥18 years of age with newly diagnosed stage I -III breast cancer, who were planning ≥4 cycles of neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy with pegfilgrastim support starting in cycle 1. (Source: Pai...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - June 20, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Andrew S. Guinigundo, Cathy L. Maxwell, Linda Vanni, Phuong Khanh Morrow, Maureen Reiner, Alex Shih, Zandra Klippel, Elizabeth Blanchard Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Effect of Exaggerated Lithotomy Position on Shoulder Pain After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
This study aimed to determine the effect of applying an exaggerated lithotomy positions to patients who had laparoscopic cholecystectomy to relieve shoulder pain. The study was conducted on nonrandomized groups and made as a semiexperimental study with a pretest/post-test control group design. Design, Settings, and Subjects/Participants: The study was conducted on 102 patients who had elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy and agreed to participate in this study after they met the inclusion-exclusion criteria in the general surgery clinic of a training and research hospital in Istanbul between December 12, 2012, and June 30...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - June 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Özgül Aydemir, Fatma Eti Aslan, Ükke Karabacak, Özlem Akdaş Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Exploring the Role of Cortical Reorganization in Postamputation Phantom Phenomena, Including Phantom Limb Pain in Lower Limb Amputees: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Patterns of Referral of Sensations into the Phantom
This study was undertaken to identify evidence of cortical reorganization in lower limb amputees and to find evidence for the pain memory theory. This was a qualitative interview study using structured questionnaires with lower limb amputees. Participants were asked to identify body areas and activities that stimulate postamputation phantom phenomena to confirm the cortical reorganization theory. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - June 18, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Cliff Richardson, Nicola Olleveant, Kath Crawford, Jai Kulkarni Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Editorial board
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - June 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Table of contents
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - June 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - June 1, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

‘‘As-Needed’’ Range Orders for Opioid Analgesics in the Management of Pain: A Consensus Statement of the American Society for Pain Management Nursing and the American Pain Society
Effective pain management requires careful titration of analgesics and evaluation of individual patient's responses to treatment using valid and reliable pain and pain relief assessment tools, and evidence-based patient monitoring for adverse treatment effects. A registered nurse, competent in pain assessment and analgesic administration, can safely interpret and implement properly written ‘‘as-needed’’ or ‘‘PRN’’ range orders for analgesic medications. The American Society for Pain Management Nursing (ASPMN) and the American Pain Society (APS) support safe medication practic...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Debra J. Drew, Debra B. Gordon, Bonnie Morgan, Renee C.B. Manworren Tags: Position Statement Source Type: research

A Tragic Swing of the Pendulum in the Opioid Crisis
This month I am transitioning from being an associate editor to an editorial board member. As I write this, I reflect on the many motivations for being a pain management nurse and advocating for pain patients. Pain assessment needs to be more than a check off on an electronic medical record. We must never let a routine assessment of pain let us become complacent or astute to individualized assessment of pain. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Cecile B. Evans Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

2018 Award Nomination Deadline: June 30, 2018
The ASPMN ® Chapter Award, established in 2000 by the American Society for Pain Management Nursing®, is presented to an ASPMN® chapter in recognition of development and activity for support of pain management nursing. The chapter award is now linked with the submission of the chapter annual reports and wil l be considered only if this report is active on file. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Editorial board,; PMS 315 (bleeds)
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Table of contents; PMS 315 (bleeds)
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Information for Readers, PMS 315 (bleed)
(Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

The Effect of Classical Turkish Music on Pain Severity and Anxiety Levels in Patients Undergoing Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy
This study was conducted as a randomized controlled study to determine the effect of classical Turkish music on pain severity and anxiety levels in patients undergoing bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. The study was performed in an oncology hospital with a total of 30 patients, of whom 14 were in the intervention group and 16 were in the control group. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 18, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Ülkü Özdemir, Sultan Taşcı, Esra Yıldızhan, Süheyla Aslan, Bülent Eser Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Understanding Pain  and Pain Management in Elderly Nursing Home Patients Applying an Interprofessional Learning Activity in Health Care Students: A Norwegian Pilot Study
Background: Pain is common among elderly patients in nursing homes. However, pain assessment and treatment are inadequate. Interprofessional treatment is recommended, and consequently interprofessional education in pain management is necessary. Aims: This pilot project aimed to describe how two interprofessional groups of students approached pain management in two nursing home patients. Design: We formed two teams comprising one student from the nursing, physical therapy, pharmacy, and medical educations. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Elin Damsg ård, Hege Solgård, Karin Johannessen, Katrine Wennevold, Gunnvald Kvarstein, Gunn Pettersen, Beate Garcia Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Predictors of Weeks  to Opioid Cessation after Lumbar Fusion: A Prospective Cohort Study
Background: Although the use of prescription opioid analgesics to treat acute, postoperative pain is a well-established practice, the role of opioids in the management of persistent, postoperative pain remains ill-defined. Nevertheless, high rates of long-term opioid use following lumbar fusion have been reported. Aim: The goal of this prospective, longitudinal study was to identify predictors of weeks to opioid cessation in a cohort of patients undergoing elective lumbar fusion. Methods: Prior to surgery, participants self-reported demographic and clinical data and completed a validated measure of pain catastrophizing. (S...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Maureen P. Lall, Elizabeth Restrepo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Using Yoga Nidra Recordings for Pain  Management in Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy
The objective of this study was to compare the effects produced by yoga nidra and relaxation music for pain management in patients undergoing colonoscopy. A quasiexperimental design was used. In total, 144 patients who were scheduled to undergo colonoscopy were assigned to three different treatment groups. Group 1 was a no treatment control group, group 2 was delivered relaxing music, and group 3 was delivered a yoga nidra recording. The primary outcome was pain score. Secondary treatment efficacy measures were an overall patient satisfaction score, a willingness to repeat the procedure score, and a perceived colonoscope i...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Lijun Li, Wen Shu, Zhen Li, Quanyan Liu, Haitao Wang, Bilong Feng, Yan-Qiong Ouyang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Older Adults' Response to Analgesic Adverse Drug Reactions: A Pilot Study
Older adults who take analgesics for chronic pain are at increased risk for adverse drug events (ADEs). The purpose of this descriptive pilot survey was to examine how older adults self-identify analgesic ADEs, and actions they take in response to analgesic ADEs. Twenty-two community dwelling older adults with chronic pain who reported an analgesic ADE associated with their chronic pain management were interviewed and asked to describe their analgesic related ADE. Written responses were content analyzed. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Deborah Dillon McDonald, Sarah Coughlin, Candy Jin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Understanding Pain and Pain Management in Elderly Nursing Home Patients Applying an Interprofessional Learning Activity in Health Care Students: A Norwegian Pilot Study
Pain is common among elderly patients in nursing homes. However, pain assessment and treatment are inadequate. Interprofessional treatment is recommended, and consequently interprofessional education in pain management is necessary. This pilot project aimed to describe how two interprofessional groups of students approached pain management in two nursing home patients. We formed two teams comprising one student from the nursing, physical therapy, pharmacy, and medical educations. Each team spent one day examining a patient with chronic pain at a nursing home and they developed pain management plans. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Elin Damsg ård, Hege Solgård, Karin Johannessen, Katrine Wennevold, Gunnvald Kvarstein, Gunn Pettersen, Beate Garcia Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention in the Management of Musculoskeletal Pain in Nursing Workers
This study was a clinical, prospective, open, repeated measures trial, with data collection between January and July 2015. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Shirlene Aparecida Lopes, Bruna Pesce Vannucchi, Marcelo Demarzo, Ângelo Geraldo José Cunha, Maria do Patrocínio Tenório Nunes Source Type: research

Nurses ’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Clinical Practice in Pediatric Postoperative Pain Management
Despite readily available evidence to guide practice, children continue to experience moderate to severe pain in hospital postoperatively. Reasons for this may include attitudes of nurses toward pain management and their lack of knowledge in key areas. To identify nurses' knowledge and clinical practice of pediatric postoperative pain management and whether there is a link between knowledge and practice. A descriptive cross-sectional study including a questionnaire and observations was conducted in postanesthesia care (recovery) units in six university hospitals in Norway. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Anja Hetland Smeland, Alison Twycross, Stefan Lundeberg, Tone Rust øen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Development and Acceptability Assessment of a Self-Management Intervention to Prevent Acute to Chronic Pain Transition after Major Lower Extremity Trauma
Transition from acute to chronic pain often occurs after major lower extremity trauma. Chronic pain has been found to negatively affect daily functioning, including the capacity to work and quality of life. Empirical data and an acceptability assessment were used to develop a self-management intervention aimed at preventing acute to chronic pain transition after major lower extremity trauma (i.e., iPACT-E-Trauma). Evidence from previous studies on preventive self-management interventions, combined with a biopsychosocial conceptual framework and clinical knowledge, helped define the key features of the preliminary version. ...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: M élanie Bérubé, Céline Gélinas, Géraldine Martorella, Nancy Feeley, José Côté, George-Yves Laflamme, Dominique M. Rouleau, Manon Choinière Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Predictors of Weeks to  Opioid Cessation after Lumbar Fusion: A Prospective Cohort Study
Although the use of prescription opioid analgesics to treat acute, postoperative pain is a well-established practice, the role of opioids in the management of persistent, postoperative pain remains ill-defined. Nevertheless, high rates of long-term opioid use following lumbar fusion have been reported. The goal of this prospective, longitudinal study was to identify predictors of weeks to opioid cessation in a cohort of patients undergoing elective lumbar fusion. Prior to surgery, participants self-reported demographic and clinical data and completed a validated measure of pain catastrophizing. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 17, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Maureen P. Lall, Elizabeth Restrepo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Patients' Experiences  of Pain Have an Impact on Their Pain Management Attitudes and Strategies
This study consisted of two focus group interviews with patients (n = 6/group, a total of 12 patients) who had undergone lumbar spine surgery 4 days to 5 weeks prior to the focus group interviews. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Eva Angelini, Helle Wijk, Helena Brisby, Adad Baranto Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Examining Risk for  Persistent Pain among Adults with Overweight Status
Aims of Investigation: Obesity and persistent pain are public health concerns with associated high costs. Evidence supports an increased risk for reports of persistent pain among adults who are above the recommended body mass index level. However, data have not been clearly synthesized to report the risk for the two co-occurring conditions. Even less is known about how overweight status that does not reach the level of obesity is related to pain. Thus, the aim driving this review was to calculate the risk and odds ratios of chronic pain among adults with an overweight body mass index. (Source: Pain Management Nursing)
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 15, 2018 Category: Nursing Authors: Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson, Ruth Bindler, Kenn Daratha Tags: Review Article Source Type: research