Epidemiology of Regional Anaesthesia in Children: Lessons learned from the European Multi-Institutional Study APRICOT.
CONCLUSIONS: These data show a large predominance of central and truncal blocks in APRICOT study. Ultrasound guidance was mainly used for peripheral nerve blocks while central blocks were performed using landmark techniques. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31486563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - September 5, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Dadure C, Veyckemans F, Bringuier S, Habre W Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

A Target Concentration Strategy to Determine Ibuprofen Dosing in Children.
CONCLUSIONS: Previously published pharmacokinetic parameters can be used to develop maturation models that address gaps in current knowledge regarding the influence of age on a drug's disposition. Maturation of ibuprofen clearance was rapid and was 90% of adult values by the first month of life in term neonates (i.e., 44 weeks postmenstrual age) and 98% of standardized adult estimates by 3 months of age (53 weeks postmenstrual age). Clearance informed dosing predictions in all ages (premature neonate to adult) and matched those doses in common use in children older than 3 months. PMID: 31472084 [PubMed - as suppl...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 31, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Anderson BJ, Hannam JA Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Effects of moderate and severe hypocapnia on intracerebral perfusion and brain tissue oxygenation in piglets.
CONCLUSION: This animal model revealed reduced cerebral blood flow and brain tissue oxygenation during hypocapnia without detectable changes in regional oxygen saturation as measured by NIRS. Changes occurred as early as during moderate hypocapnia. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31472089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 31, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ringer SK, Clausen NG, Spielmann N, Weiss M Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Unconventional Delivery of Inhaled Nitric Oxide During Endoscopic Laryngeal Tracheal Reconstruction in a Child with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Case Report.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31469466 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 30, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Lee JJ, Kazim R, Jang M, Grunstein E Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

The experiences of children with autism spectrum disorder, their caregivers and health care providers during day procedure: A mixed methods study.
CONCLUSION: Providing optimal care for children with autism spectrum disorder requires a multifaceted approach that may require changes to hospital work flow, staff training, better use of aids (such as tablet computers and social stories), and premedication. Good communication and flexibility are key areas of importance. PMID: 31448870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 26, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Taghizadeh N, Heard G, Davidson A, Williams K, Story D Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Real fasting times and incidence of pulmonary aspiration in children: Results of a German prospective multicenter observational study.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that prolonged fasting is still common in pediatric anesthesia in Germany, that pulmonary aspiration with postoperative respiratory distress is rare and that improvements to current local fasting regimens and national fasting guidelines are urgently needed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31435997 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 22, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Beck CE, Rudolph D, Becke-Jakob K, Schindler E, Etspüler A, Trapp A, Fink G, Müller-Lobeck L, Röher K, Genähr A, Eich C, Sümpelmann R Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

A practical approach to cerebral Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) directed hemodynamic management in non-cardiac pediatric anesthesia.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31437328 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 22, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Weber F, Scoones GP Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Intraoperative Surfactant Administration during Neonatal Sacrococcygeal Teratoma Resection.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31433547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 21, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Au V, Gregory G, Sinskey J Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Ultrasound-Guided Dorsal Penile Nerve Block vs Neurostimulator-Guided Pudendal Nerve Block in Children Undergoing Hypospadias Surgery: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blinded Trial.
n Y Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hypospadias is a common congenital malformation in pediatric patients. Surgical repair of this malformation is a painful procedure and has long-term effects. Pudendal and penile nerve blocks are commonly preferred techniques for maintaining postoperative analgesia. However, the conventional landmark-based penile block technique involves numerous potential complications and provides a shorter analgesic period compared to the pudendal block. A promising ultrasound-guided dorsal penile nerve block was recently described. We aimed to compare the analgesic effectiveness of ultrasound-g...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 21, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Aksu C, Akay AM, Şen MC, Gürkan Y Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Neurological excitation in a 6-week-old male infant after morphine overdose.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31433900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 21, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Thomas J, Corson NI, Meinhold A, Both CP Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Reply to Austin, Thomas; Gilbertson, Laura; Lam, Humphrey, regarding their comment 'Redefining the Primary Dependent Variable.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31433903 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 21, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sanford EL, Zurakowski D, Cravero JP Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Effect of different fraction of inspired oxygen on development of atelectasis in mechanically ventilated children: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: FI O2 did not affect significant atelectasis formation in mechanically ventilated children who received ultrasound-guided recruitment maneuver and positive end-expiratory pressure. PMID: 31411351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 14, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Song IK, Jang YE, Lee JH, Kim EH, Yoo S, Kim HS, Kim JT Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

A Framework For The Management Of The Pediatric Airway.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31402534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 12, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Engelhardt T, Fiadjoe JE, Weiss M, Baker P, Bew S, Echeverry Marín P, Ungern-Sternberg BV Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

An update on allergy and anaphylaxis in pediatric anesthesia.
Abstract Childhood allergy is common, and increasing. Many children are incorrectly labeled as having allergy or adverse drug reactions. This can pose a dilemma for anesthetists and lead to a change in practice or drug selection. We review the pathophysiology of hypersensitivity reactions and the implications for anesthesia of food allergy, atopy, and family history of allergy in children. The epidemiology of anaphylaxis is discussed. We discuss the common triggers of perioperative anaphylaxis in children and explore emerging triggers including chlorhexidine and sugammadex. Accurate data on pediatric perioperative...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 4, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Stepanovic B, Sommerfield D, Lucas M, von Ungern-Sternberg BS Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Optimising clonidine dosage for sedation in mechanically ventilated children: a pharmacokinetic simulation study.
CONCLUSIONS: The variety of dosage regimens in previous studies of clonidine along with difficulties in the conduct of interventional studies may have contributed to the lack of efficacy data to support its use. Simulations of clonidine plasma concentrations based on known population pharmacokinetic parameters suggest a loading dose followed by higher than current practice maintenance dose infusion is required to achieve adequate steady-state concentrations early in treatment. Further PKPD studies will aid in the determination of the optimal clonidine dosage regimen. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reser...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - August 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Hayden JC, Bardol M, Doherty DR, Dawkins I, Healy M, Breatnach CV, Gallagher PJ, Cousins G, Standing JF Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

General Anesthesia Safety in Progressive Leukodystrophies: A Retrospective Study of Patients with Krabbe Disease and Metachromatic Leukodystrophy.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the complication rate for patients with Krabbe disease and metachromatic leukodystrophy is higher than the general population, most complications were mild and self-limiting. These results suggest that, in experienced hands, general anesthesia is well tolerated in most children. Findings show that the Neurodevelopment in Rare Disorders classification system is a better indicator for assessing complication risk in patients with Krabbe and metachromatic leukodystrophy than American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status. PMID: 31359511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 29, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Bascou NA, Marcos MC, Beltran ML, Roosen-Marcos MC, Cladis FP, Poe MD, Escolar ML Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Perioperative Management of Esophageal Atresia/Tracheo-esophageal Fistula: an analysis of data of 101 consecutive patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Open and thoracoscopic correction of esophageal atresia were associated with periods of severe metabolic derangements. These events need to be taken into account for the evaluation of esophageal atresia (surgical) care and in evaluations of short- and long-term outcomes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31343794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: van Hoorn CE, Costerus SA, Lau J, Wijnen RM, Vlot J, Tibboel D, de Graaff JC Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of clonidine on postoperative vomiting and pain in pediatric ophthalmic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared to placebo or benzodiazepine, clonidine premedication was effective in reducing postoperative vomiting in pediatric patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery. Clonidine premedication also provided more reduction in postoperative pain when compared to placebo. The use of clonidine premedication was not associated with adverse hemodynamic events. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31343796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Hsu YP, Chu KC, Bai CH, Huang CJ, Chen C, Hsu CW Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

A Manual Propofol Infusion Regimen for Neonates and Infants.
CONCLUSION: Propofol clearance increases throughout infancy to reach 92% that reported in adults (1.93 L.min.70kg-1 ) by 6 months postnatal age and infusion regimens should reflect clearance maturation and be cognisant of adverse effects from concentrations greater than the target plasma concentration. Predicted concentrations using a published general purpose pharmacokinetic propofol model were similar to those determined using a new parameter set using richer neonatal and infant data. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31325395 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 20, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Morse J, Hannam JA, Cortinez LI, Allegaert K, Anderson BJ Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Use of Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (CSII) Therapy in Pediatric Diabetes Patients in the Perioperative Period.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31325198 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 19, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Vanderhoek SM, Wolf RM Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Endotracheal tube cuff failure due to a disconnected component of the pressure-limiting valve.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31325199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 19, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Kayashima K, Hamada K, Imai K Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Spinal anesthesia compared with general anesthesia for neonates with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. A retrospective study.
Vaquero Roncero LM, Rodríguez López JM Abstract BACKGROUND: Studies of spinal anesthesia in children are limited to a reduced group of high-risk patients and it remains relatively underused compared with general anesthesia in this age group in most institutions. In our experience, spinal anesthesia appears to be a good alternative to general anesthesia during pyloromyotomy in neonates and infants. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate respiratory morbidity of spinal anesthesia compared to general anesthesia in infants undergoing pyloromyotomy. METHODS: The Univers...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 19, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sánchez-Conde MP, Díaz-Alvarez A, Palomero Rodríguez MÁ, Garrido Gallego MI, Martín Rollan G, de Vicente Sánchez J, Laporta Báez Y, Vaquero Roncero LM, Rodríguez López JM Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

A dedicated respiratory function monitor to improve tidal volume delivery during neonatal anaesthesia.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Tight control of tidal volume using accurate monitoring may improve neonatal outcomes. However, respiratory function monitors incorporated in current anaesthetic workstations are generally inaccurate at tidal volumes used for infants. AIMS: To determine if a specific respiratory function monitor for neonatal infants improved expired tidal volume delivery during anaesthesia. METHOD: Infants
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 18, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Atkins WK, McDougall R, Perkins EJ, Pereira-Fantini PM, Tingay DG Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Cardiac output-guided hemodynamic therapy for adult living donor kidney transplantation in children under 20  kg: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Transpulmonary thermodilution-cardiac output monitoring appeared to be safe and feasible. Using the cardiac output-guided algorithm led to excellent renal results with a trend towards less fluids in favor of norepinephrine. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31309649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 15, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Voet M, Nusmeier A, Lerou J, Luijten J, Cornelissen M, Lemson J Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Malignant hyperthermia with RYR1 novel missense mutation.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31304636 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 15, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Kiatchai T, Ratanaphruthakul P, Poopipatpab S Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Relaxation Breathing for Multimodal Perioperative Analgesia in a Four-Year-Old: Yes They Can!
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31286596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 9, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Seewald NM, Lu S, Birmingham PK Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

The effect of xenon-augmented sevoflurane-anaesthesia on intra-operative haemodynamics and postoperative neurocognitive function in children undergoing cardiac catheterization: a one-year follow up of a randomized controlled pilot trial.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31287192 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 9, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Devroe S, Lemiere J, Rex S Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Response from the manufacturer to Shah, B. and Peiris, K. (2019), regarding their correspondence ''Dr äger Ventilator - Ventilates without Fresh Gas Flow''.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31283073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 8, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Schüler HU, Petrich M, Wetter M Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Short and Sweet. Peri-operative Management of the Diabetic Paediatric Patient. (The Paediatric Anaesthetic Trainee Research Network (PATRN) Swift Survey 2018).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31283074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 8, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Lewis H, Selman A, Sinha D, Engelhardt T, Paediatric Anaesthetic Trainee Research Network (PATRN) group Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Spinal meningeal cyst in a child with Marfan syndrome: A potential cause for apparent dural puncture during caudal epidural block.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31283078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 8, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ackermann I, Henze G, Kottke R, Weiss M Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Double Extracorporeal Blood Purification in refractory pediatric septic shock.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31283080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 8, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Rossetti E, Guzzo I, Ricci Z, Bianchi R, Picardo S Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Response to the Letter titled Reducing blood transfusions.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31283082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 8, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Cronin JA, Oetgen M, Gordish-Dressman H, Martin B, Khan N, Pestieau SR Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Anatomy of the greater occipital nerve block in infants.
CONCLUSION: In infants, the greater occipital nerve can be blocked approximately 23mm from the external occipital protuberance, medial to the occipital artery. This distance is equal to the width of the medial three fingers at the proximal interphalangeal joint of the patient. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31270900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 4, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Prigge L, van Schoor AN, Bosenberg AT Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Lung Separation in Children: Options and Impact on Gas Exchange and Lung Compliance.
This report is a review of the methods of one-lung ventilation in children in our practice, as well as an analysis of the impact of airway device type, patient age, and duration of lung separation on respiratory mechanics and gas exchange. METHODS: The records of all pediatric patients undergoing procedures requiring one-lung ventilation in a single center over an 18-month period were reviewed. Demographics, time required to achieve lung separation (anesthesia ready-time), and duration of one-lung ventilation were collected. Data from arterial blood gas analysis and ventilator parameters were collected at three time p...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - July 4, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Hale JE, Meador MR, Mossad EB Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Trans- tracheal jet oxygenation: Comparing the efficacy and safety of 2 self- made Y connector devices with the ENK oxygen flow modulator ™ in an infant animal model.
CONCLUSIONS: Our animal model results suggest that self-made Y- connector jet-oxygenation devices with wide bore expiratory port are efficacious and perhaps safer than ENK oxygen flow modulator™ in obstructed airways, and jet- oxygenation with minimal oxygen flow rates starting at 1L/kg/min or [age (years) + 4] L/min, whichever lower, should be considered. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31233654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 24, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Lim EHL, Tan AYJ, Sng DDW, Saffari SE, Tan JSK Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Intraoperative oxygenation and ventilation in children - a U.K. survey of current practice.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31233674 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 24, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Elgie L, Miskovic A, Nandi R Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Application of an Infant Spinal Anesthesia Protocol in Infants Presenting for Inguinal Herniorrhaphy Improves Operating Room and Post Anesthesia Recovery Unit Utilization.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31233676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 24, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Liu CA, Davis N, Kelleher CM Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

The Effect of Placement of a Support Under the Shoulders on Laryngeal Visualization with a C-Mac Miller Video Laryngoscope in Children Younger than Two Years of Age.
CONCLUSIONS: We showed that a folded towel placed under the shoulders in children younger than two years of age improves glottis visualization, reduces time to intubation and provides ease of use of the C-MAC Miller Video Laryngoscope. Therefore, we think that the placement of a folded towel under the shoulders during the use of a C-MAC Miller Video Laryngoscope may be useful for airway management in children younger than two years of age. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31211460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 18, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Koylu Gencay Z, Begec Z, Ozgul U, Colak C Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Cardiac and Lung Point of Care Ultrasound in Pediatric Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine: Uses, Pitfalls, and Future Directions to optimize pediatric care.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31211472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 18, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Adler AC, Brown KA, Conlin F, Thammasitboon S, Chandrakantan A Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Anesthetic Management of Acute Nasal Epistaxis occurring during General Anesthesia.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31166054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 5, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Chandrakantan A, Mohammad S, Adler AC Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary bypass method with blood delivery via femoral artery cannulation for pediatric aortic arch repair.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31166055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 5, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Yamamoto T, Schindler E Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Pulmonary Hypertension Manifesting as Atrial Arrhythmia in an Anesthetized Child; Diagnosis Using Focused Cardiac Ultrasound (FoCUS).
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31166056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 5, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Boretsky KR, Casta A Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Reducing blood transfusions.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31166652 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 5, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Hahn RG, Perel A Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Reducing the psychological impact of hypospadias repair surgery.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31166655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 5, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Peeraully R, Shenoy M, King H Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Improving the international pediatric peri-operative experience through laughter.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31166656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 5, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Bray JP, Cladis F Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Ultrasound Neuraxial Block: A Simple Answer to Rare Situation.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31166659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 5, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Paliwal B, Bhatia P, Rathod KJ, Kumar R Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Cascade sign: A guide to sonographic confirmation of central venous catheter position.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31155784 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Kesarkar N, Kulkarni K, Dave N Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Anesthetic management of a pediatric patient with Loeys-Dietz syndrome: A case report.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31152466 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - June 1, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Kamikado Y, Mihara T, Ka K Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Comparison between Epidural and Opioid Analgesia for Infants Undergoing Major Abdominal Surgery.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is considered optimal for postoperative pain management after major abdominal surgery. The potential to decrease anesthetic and opioid exposure is particularly desirable for infants, given their vulnerability to respiratory depression and concern for anesthetic neurotoxicity. We reviewed our experience with infants undergoing major abdominal surgery to determine if epidural catheter use decreased anesthetic and opioid exposure and improved postoperative analgesia. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included infants (
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 29, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Martin LD, Adams TL, Duling LC, Grigg EB, Bosenberg A, Onchiri F, Jimenez N Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

Redefining the Primary Dependent Variable.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31141263 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 29, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Austin TM, Gilbertson LE, Lam H Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research