In this issue July 2024
Paediatr Anaesth. 2024 May 23. doi: 10.1111/pan.14939. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38783646 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14939 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 24, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Reducing postoperative hypothermia in infants: Quality improvement in China
CONCLUSIONS: Our QI project reduced postoperative hypothermia without incurring hyperthermia through multidisciplinary team collaboration with the guidance of QI experts from the USA.PMID:38775778 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14910 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 22, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Qianqi Qiu Zixin Yang Yong Zhang Wen Zeng Kuiyan Yang Cuiping Liang Ailixiati Alifu Haibo Huang Jun Chen Meixue Zhang Dongmei Wu Xiaoping Guo Saifen Jin Yuzhen Lin John Chuo Huayan Zhang Xingrong Song Rajeev S Iyer Source Type: research

Reducing postoperative hypothermia in infants: Quality improvement in China
CONCLUSIONS: Our QI project reduced postoperative hypothermia without incurring hyperthermia through multidisciplinary team collaboration with the guidance of QI experts from the USA.PMID:38775778 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14910 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 22, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Qianqi Qiu Zixin Yang Yong Zhang Wen Zeng Kuiyan Yang Cuiping Liang Ailixiati Alifu Haibo Huang Jun Chen Meixue Zhang Dongmei Wu Xiaoping Guo Saifen Jin Yuzhen Lin John Chuo Huayan Zhang Xingrong Song Rajeev S Iyer Source Type: research

An observational study of gastric contents in pediatric patients with long bone fracture using gastric ultrasound
CONCLUSION: NPO status may be a less reliable predictor of gastric contents at anesthesia induction in this patient population than has been assumed. Bedside US screening appears to provide more useful information for the planning of airway management.PMID:38764216 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14923 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 20, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Codruta N Soneru Anna N Reviere Timothy R Petersen Matthew R Paluska Donnis DeQuan Davis Ricardo J Falcon Source Type: research

An observational study of gastric contents in pediatric patients with long bone fracture using gastric ultrasound
CONCLUSION: NPO status may be a less reliable predictor of gastric contents at anesthesia induction in this patient population than has been assumed. Bedside US screening appears to provide more useful information for the planning of airway management.PMID:38764216 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14923 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 20, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Codruta N Soneru Anna N Reviere Timothy R Petersen Matthew R Paluska Donnis DeQuan Davis Ricardo J Falcon Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Willingness to Participate in Clinical Studies in Pediatric Anesthesia (FILIPPA): A vignette-based, structured interview study
CONCLUSIONS: Willingness to consent decreased with increasing level of study complexity. When conducting more complex studies, greater efforts need to be made to increase the enrollment of pediatric patients.PMID:38757570 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14922 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 17, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Clemens Miller Jan Scholand Johannes Wieditz Carlo Pancaro Hendrik Rosewich Marcus Nemeth Source Type: research

The delivery and challenges of Pediatric Anesthesia within the humanitarian sector: M édecins Sans Frontières and Mercy Ships
Paediatr Anaesth. 2024 May 17. doi: 10.1111/pan.14915. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccess to healthcare is inequitable. Poverty, natural disasters and war disproportionally effect those most vulnerable, including children. Non-governmental organizations (NGO) hold a vital role in providing pediatric care in these contexts. Here we describe the delivery and challenges of Pediatric Anesthesia with two such non-governmental organizations; Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and Mercy Ships. Descriptions of both are followed by case studies.PMID:38757915 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14915 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 17, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Francesca Holt Sarah Kwok Kehinde Garuba Israel Kolawole Michelle C White Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Willingness to Participate in Clinical Studies in Pediatric Anesthesia (FILIPPA): A vignette-based, structured interview study
CONCLUSIONS: Willingness to consent decreased with increasing level of study complexity. When conducting more complex studies, greater efforts need to be made to increase the enrollment of pediatric patients.PMID:38757570 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14922 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 17, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Clemens Miller Jan Scholand Johannes Wieditz Carlo Pancaro Hendrik Rosewich Marcus Nemeth Source Type: research

The delivery and challenges of Pediatric Anesthesia within the humanitarian sector: M édecins Sans Frontières and Mercy Ships
Paediatr Anaesth. 2024 May 17. doi: 10.1111/pan.14915. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccess to healthcare is inequitable. Poverty, natural disasters and war disproportionally effect those most vulnerable, including children. Non-governmental organizations (NGO) hold a vital role in providing pediatric care in these contexts. Here we describe the delivery and challenges of Pediatric Anesthesia with two such non-governmental organizations; Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and Mercy Ships. Descriptions of both are followed by case studies.PMID:38757915 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14915 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 17, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Francesca Holt Sarah Kwok Kehinde Garuba Israel Kolawole Michelle C White Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Willingness to Participate in Clinical Studies in Pediatric Anesthesia (FILIPPA): A vignette-based, structured interview study
CONCLUSIONS: Willingness to consent decreased with increasing level of study complexity. When conducting more complex studies, greater efforts need to be made to increase the enrollment of pediatric patients.PMID:38757570 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14922 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 17, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Clemens Miller Jan Scholand Johannes Wieditz Carlo Pancaro Hendrik Rosewich Marcus Nemeth Source Type: research

The delivery and challenges of Pediatric Anesthesia within the humanitarian sector: M édecins Sans Frontières and Mercy Ships
Paediatr Anaesth. 2024 May 17. doi: 10.1111/pan.14915. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAccess to healthcare is inequitable. Poverty, natural disasters and war disproportionally effect those most vulnerable, including children. Non-governmental organizations (NGO) hold a vital role in providing pediatric care in these contexts. Here we describe the delivery and challenges of Pediatric Anesthesia with two such non-governmental organizations; Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and Mercy Ships. Descriptions of both are followed by case studies.PMID:38757915 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14915 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 17, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Francesca Holt Sarah Kwok Kehinde Garuba Israel Kolawole Michelle C White Source Type: research

Pediatric anesthesia outreach in low and middle-income countries: Models, motives, and moral misalignments
CONCLUSION: Failure to address the conflicts engendered by this fundamental moral shift risks undermining capacity-building efforts in all models of medical aid.PMID:38747155 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14913 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 15, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sean T Runnels Francoise Nizeyimana Jennifer E O'Flaherty Source Type: research

Pediatric anesthesia outreach in low and middle-income countries: Models, motives, and moral misalignments
CONCLUSION: Failure to address the conflicts engendered by this fundamental moral shift risks undermining capacity-building efforts in all models of medical aid.PMID:38747155 | DOI:10.1111/pan.14913 (Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia)
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 15, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sean T Runnels Francoise Nizeyimana Jennifer E O'Flaherty Source Type: research

Pediatric anesthesia in China
Paediatr Anaesth. 2024 May 12. doi: 10.1111/pan.14902. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn China, healthcare has lagged relative to its economic boom during the past 40 years. While the top tier hospitals offer pediatric perioperative care like high-income countries, lower-tier hospitals deliver lesser services of variable quality and safety related to equipment, supplies, clinician education, and availability. The national residency training program and the pediatric anesthesia fellowship program was established in 2013 and 2018 respectively. Increasing clinician workload from patient demand and a lack of consistency in qual...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 13, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Liu Zhang Deying Xie Bo Li Dongxu Lei Bo Zhu Jing Hu Jijian Zheng Jianmin Zhang Ying Xu Yunxia Zuo Xingrong Song Source Type: research

Ethical and practical considerations of pediatric refusal in clinical anesthesia: An educational review
Paediatr Anaesth. 2024 May 13. doi: 10.1111/pan.14921. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChildren commonly refuse induction of anesthesia. Anesthesia providers must then decide whether to honor the child's dissent or to proceed over objection. In some circumstances, a forced induction involves restraining the child, incurring both practical and ethical harms to the patient-provider encounter. This educational review explores the practical dilemma encountered when a child dissents to induction of anesthesia. In the course of exploring this dilemma, dissent and associated terms are defined and compared, and the prominent ethical...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - May 13, 2024 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: J Patrick Haltom Amy S Martin Source Type: research