Artificial Intelligence in Laryngology, Broncho-Esophagology, and Sleep Surgery
In this study, we review recent AI-based innovations in the fields of laryngology, broncho-esophagology, and sleep surgery. (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - May 7, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Obinna I. Nwosu, Matthew R. Naunheim Source Type: research

Transforming Otolaryngology —Head and Neck Surgery
Use of artificial intelligence (AI) is expanding exponentially as it pertains to workflow operations. Otolaryngology —Head and Neck Surgery (OHNS), as with all medical fields, is just now beginning to realize the exciting upsides of AI as it relates to patient care but otolaryngologists should also be critical when considering using AI solutions. This paper highlights how AI can optimize clinical workflows in th e outpatient, inpatient, and surgical settings while also discussing some of the possible drawbacks with the burgeoning technology. (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - May 7, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ross W. Green, Harvey Castro Source Type: research

The Integration and Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Otolaryngology —Head and Neck Surgery
Incorporating artificial Intelligence and machine learning into otolaryngology requires careful data handling, security, and ethical considerations. Success depends on interdisciplinary cooperation, consistent innovation, and regulatory compliance to improve clinical outcomes, provider experience, and operational effectiveness. (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - May 4, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Matthew G. Crowson, Obinna I. Nwosu Source Type: research

Coordinating the Swallow in Children and Adults
Swallowing seems so simple, but in reality, it is quite complex. As Drs Mausumi Syamal and Eileen Raynor describe in their preface to this issue of Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, the muscular and mucosal actions needed for a proper swallow are beautifully orchestrated like a ballet corps dancing to a symphony. The same elegant orchestration is needed between the health care providers identifying and managing the symptom. The International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) coding system1 classifies six separate codes for dysphagia: R13.10, R13.11, R13.12, R13.13, R13.14, and R13.19, relating to ...
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - May 4, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sujana S. Chandrasekhar Tags: Foreword Source Type: research

Sleep Apnea in Children and Adults
OTOLARYNGOLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 27, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Stacey L. Ishman, Carol Li, Reena Dhanda Patil Source Type: research

Copyright
Elsevier (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 27, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Contributors
SUJANA S. CHANDRASEKHAR, MD, FACS, FAAO-HNS, FAOS (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 27, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Contents
Sujana S. Chandrasekhar (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 27, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Forthcoming Issues
Dysphagia in Adults and Children (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 27, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Neurologic Dysphagia
This article aims to review the major categories of neurologic dysphagia, to outline specific findings and special considerations for each population, and to acknowledge the importance of integrating each patient ’s medical prognosis, goals of care, and developmental stage into a multidisciplinary treatment plan. (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 24, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jillian Nyswonger Sugg, Janet Waimin Lee Source Type: research

Inflammatory Causes of Dysphagia in Children
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) are the most common inflammatory causes of pediatric dysphagia, but several other less prevalent conditions should be considered. These conditions can affect one or several aspects of the swallowing process. In some inflammatory conditions dysphagia may be an early symptom. Esophagoscopy and instrumental swallow studies are often needed to determine the underlying diagnosis and best treatment plan. In some inflammatory conditions dysphagia can portend a worse outcome and need for more aggressive treatment of the underlying condition. Consultations with speech...
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 17, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Marisa A. Ryan, Anna Ermarth Source Type: research

Oral and Pharyngeal Dysphagia in Adults
Patients with oral and pharyngeal dysphagia have difficulty forming a cohesive bolus and/or transferring food from the mouth into the pharynx and esophagus to initiate the involuntary swallowing process. This may be accompanied by nasopharyngeal regurgitation, aspiration, and a sensation of residual food remaining in the pharynx. Abnormalities affecting the upper esophageal sphincter, pharynx, larynx, or tongue, in isolation or combination, result in oropharyngeal dysphagia affecting either or both transit and airway protection. These issues can be addressed with a combination of management of the underlying systemic disea...
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 17, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Karuna Dewan Source Type: research

Assessing Dysphagia in the Adult
This article explores the landscape of dysphagia assessment in adults. Dysphagia, a complex condition affecting the lifespan and many health conditions, significantly compromises individuals ’ quality of life. Dysphagia is often underdiagnosed, emphasizing the need for comprehensive assessment methods to ensure timely and accurate intervention. It encompasses clinical history, physical examination, clinical and instrumental swallow evaluations. Procedures within each of these modaliti es are reviewed, highlighting strengths, limitations, and contribution toward a complete understanding of dysphagia, ultimately guiding ef...
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 16, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Laurence Gascon, Paul C. Bryson, Michael Benninger, Martin B. Brodsky Source Type: research

Esophageal Dysphagia in Adults
This article underscores the role of detailed patient history and physical examinations, including prompt endoscopic evaluation, for accurate differentiation between esophageal and oropharyngeal dysphagia. The authors discuss the heightened importance of early intervention in certain patient groups, such as elderly individuals and patients with head and neck cancer, to mitigate the risk of malnutrition and infection. The authors delve into etiologic factors highlighting the complexity of clinical presentations and the significance of tailored management strategies. (Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America)
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 10, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Miller Richmond, Elliana Kirsh DeVore, Phillip C. Song Source Type: research

Pediatric Esophageal Dysphagia
Swallowing is an elaborate process that requires neuromuscular coordination. Pediatric esophageal dysphagia is broadly categorized into structural and nonstructural causes. The structural causes of pediatric esophageal dysphagia are related to processes that narrow the lumen of the esophagus. Esophageal strictures are the result of scar tissue formation within the lumen of the esophagus, leading to stenosis. Vascular rings and slings cause external compression of the esophagus. Diagnosis requires an esophagram and computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Treatment is guided by the patient ’s symptoms and underl...
Source: Otolaryngologic clinics of North America - April 3, 2024 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Erin R.S. Hamersley, Cristina Baldassari Source Type: research