Craniofacial Growth: Current Theories and Influence on Management
Craniofacial development is a highly coordinated process under a tight genetic control and environmental influence. Understanding the core concepts of growth and development of the craniofacial skeleton and the impact of treatment on growth potential is vital to successful patient management. To maximize outcomes and minimize iatrogenic consequences, proper sequencing and timing of interventions are critical. The development of the craniofacial skeleton occurs as a result of a sequence of normal developmental events: brain growth and development, optic pathway development, speech and swallowing development, airway and phar...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - March 6, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ashley E. Manlove, Gerardo Romeo, Shankar Rengasamy Venugopalan Source Type: research

LeFort Distraction in the Cleft Patient
The cleft patient may present with significant maxillary deficiency requiring maxillary advancement to establish balanced facial form and function. Often these skeletal advancements require movement of the maxilla of more than 10  mm. The cleft patient poses special challenges because of difficulty of mobilizing tissues on a multiply operated maxilla, as well as long-term stability. Distraction osteogenesis is a technique that may be applied to help move the maxilla over a long distance and slowly expand the soft tissues. A discussion of the orthodontic and surgical considerations when planning and executing the techn...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - March 6, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Stephanie J. Drew, Hitesh Kapadia Source Type: research

Orthodontics for Unilateral and Bilateral Cleft Deformities
This article describes the use and efficacy of different orthodontic, orthopedic, and surgical approaches at each developmental stage of unilateral and bilateral clefts, whereby the orthodontist plays a pivotal role in the different phases of growth and development of the cleft lip and the patient. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - March 6, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yassmin Parsaei, Flavio Uribe, Derek Steinbacher Source Type: research

Selected Orthodontic Principles for Management of Cranio-Maxillofacial Deformities
This article focuses on: customizing a mandibular dental arch form using the WALA ridge; accurately diagnosing the maxillary skeletal transverse dimension (cusp to cusp/fossa to fossa); coordinating the upper dental arch with the lower; using a smiling profile and glabella vertical to assess anteroposterior jaw position; and leveling the mandibular curve of Spee while considering the lower one-third of the face. These concepts influence treatment outcomes to the extent they are used. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - March 5, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Timothy J. Tremont, Jeffrey C. Posnick Source Type: research

An Overview of Timeline of Interventions in the Continuum of Cleft Lip and Palate Care
This article provides an overview of timeline of interventions and the critical role different providers have in the continuum of cleft lip and palate care. The earliest intervention is the presurgical infant orthopedic treatment, which is initiated in the first few weeks of life. This is followed by several interventions done in a phased manner. These include: lip repair, palate repair, velopharyngeal surgery, maxillary expansion, maxillary bone grafting, limited phase of orthodontic treatment, comprehensive phase of orthodontic treatment (with/without orthognathic surgery), and restorative dentistry. (Source: Oral and Ma...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - February 27, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: David Yates, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Jennifer Caplin, Sumit Yadav, Michael R. Markiewicz Source Type: research

Surgical-Orthodontic Considerations in Subcranial and Frontofacial Distraction
Subcranial and frontofacial distraction osteogenesis have emerged as powerful tools for management of hypoplasia involving the upper two-thirds of the face. The primary goal of subcranial or frontofacial distraction is to improve the orientation of the upper face and midface structures (frontal bone, orbitozygomatic complex, maxilla, nasal complex) relative to the cranial base, globes, and mandible. The various techniques used are tailored for management of specific phenotypic differences in facial position and may include segmental osteotomies, differential vectors, or synchronous maxillomandibular rotation. (Source: Oral...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - February 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Richard A. Hopper, Hitesh Kapadia, Srinivas M. Susarla Source Type: research

Orthodontic Preparation for Secondary Alveolar Bone Grafting in Patients with Complete Cleft Lip and Palate
This article provides an overview of the orthodontic preparation prior to secondary alveolar bone grafting of alveolar defects in those with complete cleft lip and palate. Use of cone beam computed tomography in diagnosis and treatment planning for addressing alveolar clefts, the rationale for maxillary expansion prior to alveolar bone grafting, key steps in differential maxillary expansion, potential adverse effects, and outcomes associated with maxillary expansion are provided in this overview. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - February 22, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Richard Bruun, James MacLaine, Michael R. Markiewicz, Ramon Ruiz, Mark A. Miller Source Type: research

Dentofacial Orthopedics for the Cleft Patient
Presurgical infant dentofacial orthopedic treatment (PSIOT) is a process by which cleft maxillary and soft tissue segments can be moved before surgical repair of lip. One of the PSIOT approaches used is the fixed PSIOT using Latham appliances. In this article, the authors provide an overview of this approach and the step-by-step process of placing these appliances intraorally. Prospective randomized clinical studies are necessary to definitively answer concerns surrounding the long-term effects of PSIOT. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - February 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Stephen Shusterman, Elizabeth Ross, Victoria Palermo, Pat Ricalde Source Type: research

An Overview of Craniosynostosis Craniofacial Syndromes for Combined Orthodontic and Surgical Management
This article provides an overview of epidemiology, genetics, and common orofacial features of those with craniosynostosis. Patients with craniosynostosis require several surgical procedures along with continuum of care. The earliest surgical interventions are done during the first few years of life to relieve the fused sutures. Midface advancement, limited phase of orthodontic treatment, and combined orthodontics/orthognathic surgery treatment are usually required during later years. This article presents several examples of cases with outcomes associated with these procedures. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - February 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shayna Azoulay-Avinoam, Richard Bruun, James MacLaine, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Cory M. Resnick, Bonnie L. Padwa Source Type: research

Orthognathic Surgery and Orthodontics
Complications in orthognathic surgery are commonly a result of inadequate preoperative planning and communication between the surgeon and orthodontist. Unfavorable outcomes can often be avoided when overall treatment goals along with a surgical and orthodontic plan are developed and agreed upon by the orthodontist, surgeon, and patient before the start of active tooth movement or any surgical procedures. Continuous evaluation of the patient ’s progress throughout treatment and subsequent communication between the surgeon and orthodontist are recommended to prevent frequent errors, such as inadequate dental decompensa...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 17, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Katherine P. Klein, Leonard B. Kaban, Mohamed I. Masoud Source Type: research

Orthodontics for the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Patient
ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 17, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael R. Markiewicz, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Michael Miloro Source Type: research

Copyright
ELSEVIER (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 17, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Contributors
RUI P. FERNANDES, MD, DMD, FACS, FRCS(Ed) (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 17, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Contents
Michael R. Markiewicz, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, and Michael Miloro (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 17, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Forthcoming Issues
Orthodontics for the Craniofacial Surgery Patient (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 17, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Digital Workflow for Combined Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery
This article provides an overview of the digital workflow process for Combined orthodontics and Orthognathic surgery treatment starting from data acquisition (3-dimensional scanning, cone-beam computed tomography), data preparation, processing and Creation of a three-dimensional virtual augmented model of the head. Establishing a Proper Diagnosis and Quantification of the Dentofacial Deformity using 3D diagnostic model. Furthermore, performance of 3-dimensional Virtual orthognathic surgical treatment, and the construction of a surgical splint (via 3-dimensional printing) to allow transfer of the treatment plan to the actua...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mohammed H. Elnagar, Sharon Aronovich, Budi Kusnoto Source Type: research

Interceptive Dentofacial Orthopedics (Growth Modification)
This article focuses on clinical considerations of growth in managing dentofacial deformities, and discusses methods of growth evaluation and interceptive orthodontic management strategies in different types of dentofacial deformities. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jennifer Caplin, Michael D. Han, Michael Miloro, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Michael R. Markiewicz Source Type: research

Surgical/Orthodontic Correction of Transverse Maxillary Discrepancies
The transverse dimension is a critical component of comprehensive treatment in orthognathic surgery. Several treatment approaches exist and the team must consider the patient ’s needs, desires, and limitations when working to correct the malocclusion. Treatment approaches may include only orthodontic expansion or rapid palatal orthodontic expansion; however, in adults, the orthodontist may require surgical assistance to expand the bony maxilla. Segmental maxillary expa nsion may be indicated in severe transverse deficiencies of the maxillary arch or dentofacial deformity patients also requiring vertical and sagittal ...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Johan P. Reyneke, Richard Scott Conley Source Type: research

Interdisciplinary Management of Dentofacial Deformity in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
This article reviews the unique properties of TMJ and dentofacial growth and development in the setting of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Specific orthopedic/orthodontic and surgical management of children with JIA and TMJ arthritis is discussed. The importance of interdisciplinary collaboration is highlighted. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Peter Stoustrup, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Sven Erik N ørholt, Cory M. Resnick, Shelly Abramowicz Source Type: research

Orthodontics for the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Patient
The specialties of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Orthodontics are intimately related. In fact, it can be stated that, in many cases, “an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon (OMFS) is only as good as their Orthodontist.” This relationship and collaboration between these 2 specialties are critical to the success of the orthodontist and surgeon, and, in turn, the success of their patient. This could not be more evident than in the fi eld of orthognathic surgery, where the outcomes, and, in actuality, the frank ability of the surgeon to perform the procedure are dictated by the level of appropriate orthodontic prep...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 5, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael R. Markiewicz, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Michael Miloro Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Temporary Skeletal Anchorage Techniques
As orthodontic treatment has advanced in complexity and in frequency, more recent techniques, using temporary skeletal anchorage, were developed to help correct more severe occlusal and dentofacial discrepancies that were treated with orthognathic surgery alone previously. These techniques have allowed the orthodontist to move teeth against a rigid fixation, allowing for more focused movements of teeth and for orthopedic growth modification. These types of treatments using rigid fixation have allowed for greater interaction between the orthodontist and the oral and maxillofacial surgeon, and have vastly enhanced the treatm...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jason P. Jones, Mohammed H. Elnagar, Daniel E. Perez Source Type: research

Orthodontic and Surgical Considerations for Treating Impacted Teeth
Impacted teeth occur in a significant number of patients. Their management requires coordinated efforts of orthodontists and oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Specifically, optimal results require a prompt orthodontic diagnosis and treatment plan with execution of either closed or open exposure of impacted teeth by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Failure to consider orthodontic mechanics and proper surgical technique can lead to suboptimal results. Thus, orthodontist/oral and maxillofacial surgeon communication is essential for success and patient education and shared decision-making is mandatory before initiating treat...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Jennifer Caplin, Michael R. Markiewicz, Daniel J. Meara Source Type: research

Surgery-First Approach in the Orthognathic Patient
This article describes the indications and step-by-step approach of this technique in conjunction with virtual surgical planning. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Flavio Uribe, Brian Farrell Source Type: research

Idiopathic Condylar Resorption
Idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR), alternatively called progressive condylar resorption, is an uncommon aggressive form of degenerative disease of the temporomandibular joint seen mostly in adolescent and young women. ICR occurring before the completion of growth results in a shorter mandibular condyloid process, ramus and body, compensatory growth at the gonial angle and coronoid process, as well as an increase in anterior facial vertical dimension. Management options discussed include oral appliances, orthodontics, medical management, orthognathic surgery with and without disc repositioning, and alloplastic temporoman...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Louis G. Mercuri, Chester S. Handleman Source Type: research

Comprehensive Post Orthognathic Surgery Orthodontics
This article presents basic concepts, philosophies, treatment protocols, risks, and potential complications associated with postsurgical patient management. Postsurgical orthodontic goals are to maximize the occlusal fit and provide predictable means to retain the occlusion. Aggressive orthodontic mechanics may be required to provide the best occlusal fit. Complications can occur, but early recognition of complications and implementation of corrective tactics should minimize adverse outcomes. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Larry M. Wolford Source Type: research

Aesthetic Facial Surgery and Orthodontics
Many of the aesthetic facial procedures can be performed simultaneously at the time of initial orthognathic surgery. Correction of any residual deformities after surgery, such as mandibular notching, malar asymmetry, labiomental crease, and any camouflage treatment, should be performed as a delayed procedure, when the outcome is more predictable. Additionally, these procedures could be used to enhance the orthodontic result, without the need of osteotomies to reposition the bones. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Petra Olivieri, Flavio A. Uribe, Faisal A. Quereshy Source Type: research

Dentoalveolar Distraction Osteogenesis for Rapid Maxillary Canine Retraction
This article provides an overview of technique of dentoalveolar distraction osteogenesis to accomplish rapid canine retraction and associated outcomes. When this treatment protocol is implemented well, rapid canine retraction is achieved predictably with minimal side effects. Although current evidence suggests that adverse sequelae, such as root resorptions and pulp devitalization, are rare, prospective clinical studies that are adequately powered and documenting long-term follow-up of these outcomes are lacking. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - November 1, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sumit Yadav, Michael R. Markiewicz, Veerasathpurush Allareddy Source Type: research

Dynamic Navigation for Dental Implant Surgery
Dynamic navigation (DN) has been used by many fields previously and recently applied to dental implant surgery. DN allows the implant surgeon to evaluate a patient, scan the patient, plan the implant position, and perform the implant surgery in the same day without the delay or cost of fabrication of a static surgical guide stent. The current DN workflow requires (1) cone-beam computed tomography with fiducials, (2) virtual implant planning, (3) calibration, and (4) implant placement in accordance to the 3-D image on the navigation screen. This technology allows for improved precision and accuracy in the placement of denta...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - September 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Neeraj Panchal, Laith Mahmood, Armando Retana, Robert Emery Source Type: research

The Evolution of Technological Advancements in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
It has been suggested that we are what we repeatedly do, and excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.1 This is irreconcilable with Heraclitus of Ephesus ’ notion that change is the only constant.2 Surgeons must possess a duality of nature that in 1 instance embraces habit to effect consistent results in the surgical theater and in the other allows for ingenuity to solve immediate challenges. A purely stepwise approach to surgery would yield devast ating results when biology fails to follow the rules. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - September 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jose M. Marchena, Jonathan W. Shum, Jonathon S. Jundt Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Advances in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - September 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jose M. Marchena, Jonathan W. Shum, Jonathan S. Jundt Source Type: research

Copyright
ELSEVIER (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - September 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Contributors
RUI P. FERNANDES, MD, DMD, FACS, FRCS(Ed) (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - September 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Contents
Jose M. Marchena, Jonathan W. Shum, and Jonathon S. Jundt (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - September 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Forthcoming Issues
Orthodontics for the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Patient (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - September 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Evolving Technologies for Tissue Cutting
This article reviews evolving and lesser known technologies for tissue cutting and their application in oral and maxillofacial surgery. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 31, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jonathon S. Jundt, Jose M. Marchena, Issa Hanna, Jagtar Dhanda, Matthew J. Breit, Andrew P. Perry Source Type: research

The Use of Patient-Specific Implants in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
This article summarizes the current use of patient-specific implants in oral and maxillofacial surgery. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 31, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael F. Huang, David Alfi, Jonathan Alfi, Andrew T. Huang Source Type: research

Practice Management in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
This article is structured to discuss the role of DSOs, private equity in OMS, online practice marketing, accounting and tax considerations, and modern essentials of practice management. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 30, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: James Baker, Austin Leavitt, Jonathon S. Jundt Source Type: research

Virtual Surgical Planning in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Virtual surgical planning provides the ability to visualize the patient anatomy and pathologic condition, establish pertinent reference points, and simulate osteotomies and reconstruction design in advance of the surgery. Virtual surgical planning is also an ideal environment for improved communication between the patient and the surgical team. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 30, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jack Hua, Shahid Aziz, Jonathan W. Shum Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Endoscopic Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Advances in technology and specialized instrumentation allow surgeons to study, refine, and modify minimally invasive surgery (MIS) to replace standard operations. This has occurred across many surgical specialties. The benefits of MIS include less swelling, less pain, shorter hospital stay, and faster return to daily activities. Oral and maxillofacial endoscopic techniques are used for access to the ramus condyle unit, maxillary sinus, zygoma, orbit, temporomandibular joint, and salivary ductal system. Although endoscopic techniques are also used in facial cosmetic surgery, this discussion focuses on noncosmetic procedure...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 28, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mohamed A. Hakim, Joseph P. McCain, David Y. Ahn, Maria J. Troulis Source Type: research

Advances in Functional Imaging in the Assessment of Head and Neck Cancer
This article discusses the application of fludeoxyglucose PET/computed tomography (CT) technology in head and neck cancer diagnosis and management, as well as advantages and disadvantages relative to traditional imaging modalities. A successful scan relies on precise patient preparation, and compliance to specific protocols before and during the scan. Finally, this article briefly introduces a PET/CT scan recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for neuroendocrine tumors. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 28, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: David Q. Wan Source Type: research

Current Methods of Maxillofacial Tissue Engineering
For several decades, the multidisciplinary field of tissue engineering has striven to improve conventional methods of dental, oral, and craniofacial rehabilitation for millions of people annually. Several bone tissue engineering strategies are now readily available in the clinic. Enrichment of autologous products, growth factors, and combination approaches are discussed as ways to enhance the surgeon ’s traditional armamentarium. Lastly, cutting-edge research such as customized 3-dimensional printed bone scaffolds, tissue engineering strategies for volumetric muscle loss, and temporomandibular joint disc and condyle ...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 21, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: James C. Melville, Victoria A. Ma ñón, Caleb Blackburn, Simon Young Source Type: research

Adjunctive Strategies for Benign Maxillofacial Pathology
Benign cysts and neoplasms of the maxillofacial region can vary in behavior, with some growing rapidly and resulting in destruction of surrounding structures. Despite their benign histology, many require often-morbid treatment to prevent recurrence of these lesions. Several less invasive and adjunctive medical treatments have been developed to lessen the morbidity of surgical treatment. As the molecular and genomic pathogenesis of these lesions is better understood, more directed treatments may lessen the burden for patients. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 16, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Zachary S. Peacock Source Type: research

Advances in Anesthesia Monitoring
This article presents a targeted review to discuss the functions and limitations of these new monitors and how they are applied in the modern operating room setting. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 16, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yi Deng, Jovany Cruz Navarro, Sandee Markan Source Type: research

Preparation of the Neck for Advanced Flap Reconstruction
This article describes the surgical landmarks of the frequently utilized arteries and veins, vessel handling techniques, and general principles for the preparation of free tissue transfer recipient sites in head and neck reconstruction. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 16, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jonathan W. Shum, James Melville, Marcus Couey Source Type: research

Advances in Surgical Training Using Simulation
This article reviews these technologies, and some examples of their uses in OMS. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 12, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kamal F. Busaidy Source Type: research

Surgical Navigation for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
This article reviews the basic setup and function of surgical navigation and displays a variety of applications in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The use of surgical navigation for dental implant placement is discussed elsewhere in this issue. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - August 7, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nagi Demian, Craig Pearl, Timothy Charles Woernley, James Wilson, Justin Seaman Source Type: research

Computer-Guided Dental Implant Treatment of Complete Arch Restoration of Edentulous and Terminal Dentition Patients
This article discusses the use of digital technologies, computerized tomographic (CT) guided planning software applications, and surgical guides in treating these complex dental implant patient cases. A discussion of the nuances and workflows of different types of treatments are provided. The importance of experience and a multi-disciplinary team approach is emphasized. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - June 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gary Orentlicher, Andrew Horowitz, Leonard Kobren Source Type: research

Dental Implants, Part II: Computer Technology
ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - June 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ole T. Jensen Source Type: research

Copyright
ELSEVIER (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - June 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Contributors
RUI P. FERNANDES, MD, DMD, FACS, FRCS(Ed) (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - June 26, 2019 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research