Effect of Manual Upper Eyelid Elevation on Intraocular Pressure Measurement by Four Different Tonometers
CONCLUSIONS Simple manual UEE when measuring the IOP has little effect on the IOP obtained using all current rebound tonometers and GAT. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: CLINICAL TRIALS Source Type: research

Comparison of Choroidal Thickness Measurements Using Semiautomated and Manual Segmentation Methods
CONCLUSIONS With the help of a dedicated software, inexperienced practitioners could obtain choroidal thickness measurements with accuracy similar to experienced practitioners. Processing time with the semiautomated method was also reduced. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REPORTS Source Type: research

Case Report: Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Idiopathic Foveal Hypoplasia and Its Correlation With Visual Acuity
CONCLUSIONS Optical coherence tomography angiography is a rapid, noninvasive imaging modality that provides excellent insight into the microvasculature supply to the retina and choroid. As such, it allows for an in-depth analysis into the pathophysiology behind certain conditions such as foveal hypoplasia. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REPORTS Source Type: research

Case Report: Glaucoma-associated Peripapillary Retinoschisis with Corresponding Lamina Cribrosa Defect
CONCLUSIONS As seen in this case, peripapillary retinoschisis typically alters retinal nerve fiber layer thickness on OCT and can be mistakenly attributed to glaucomatous change. Glaucoma-associated peripapillary retinoschisis is usually not vision threatening and can be managed conservatively; in rare cases of progression to macular involvement, patients should be referred to a retina specialist. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REPORTS Source Type: research

Case Report: Evaluating Intraocular Foreign Bodies After Corneal Perforation Using Swept Source Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography
CONCLUSIONS Evaluating the integrity of posterior capsule and iris after traumatic ocular injury with corneal perforation using anterior segment OCT is a valuable tool to rule out the presence of intraocular foreign bodies without contact and without using radiating imaging techniques. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REPORTS Source Type: research

Rebound Self-tonometry Acquisition Time and Ease of Use Evaluated by Newly Trained Optometry Students and Optometrists
CONCLUSIONS The majority of neophyte subjects perceived self-measurement of IOP as having a role in the management of glaucoma and suspicion of glaucoma. They rated Icare HOME as comfortable and easy to use and were able to self-measure IOP on the first attempt. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Determining Significant Elevation of Intraocular Pressure Using Self-tonometry
CONCLUSIONS The Threshold Icare HOME IOP is a novel and practical criterion that can assist clinicians in their interpretation of Icare HOME phasing measurements with respect to target applanation pressures. Elevation above the expected thresholds may prompt closer monitoring or even modifications to glaucoma management. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Subfoveal Choroidal Thickness in Pre-eclampsia
SIGNIFICANCE To our knowledge, this is the first time a study looking at the association between subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and the parameters affecting the severity of pre-eclampsia has been reported. We provide evidence that SFCT is thicker in pre-eclamptic (PE) patients and speculate on the possible causes. PURPOSE The purposes of this study were to compare SFCT in PE, normal pregnant, and nonpregnant women using spectral domain optical coherence tomography and to correlate SFCT with severity of pre-eclampsia. METHODS A cross-sectional, observational study was performed. A total of 150 participants wer...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Impact of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors on Subfoveal Choroidal Thickness by Enhanced-depth Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography
CONCLUSIONS Comorbid risk factors for CVD are independently associated with optical coherence tomography–derived measurements of subfoveal choroidal thickness in a vasculopathic population of U.S. veterans, and there are detectable differences in subfoveal choroidal thickness between groups with and without CVD risk factors. Larger studies with adequate controls and longitudinal design are necessary to assess the clinical role of SFCT measurements in CVD risk analysis. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography to Assess Angle Anatomy in Patients with Neurofibromatosis Type 1
SIGNIFICANCE Lisch nodules have been identified in more than 90% of patients 16 years or older with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). According to our hypothesis, the presence of Lisch nodules in patients with NF1 might affect the anterior chamber angle (ACA) parameters. PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the anterior segment angle parameters using anterior segment optical coherence tomography in patients with NF1. METHODS A total of 42 eyes from 21 patients with NF1 (study group) and 42 eyes from 21 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals (control group) were included in this study. Angle opening distanc...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Assessing Corneal Speckle in Optical Coherence Tomography: A New Look at Glaucomatous Eyes
CONCLUSIONS The results indicate that glaucoma suspects have similar relationship between the corneal scatterer cross section and scatterer density to that exhibited in the glaucoma patients but markedly different from that of healthy controls. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Assessing the Impact of En Face Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Imaging on Clinical Decision Making for Glaucoma Suspects
CONCLUSIONS The addition of en face images to a standard presentation has an impact on clinical decision making. Although en face images seem to influence the decision toward likely to have glaucoma and likely to treat, it is unclear if this leads to a more accurate decision. Further investigations seem warranted to assess sensitivity and specificity of this approach. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: FEATURE ARTICLE – PUBLIC ACCESS Source Type: research

Advances in Glaucoma Management
No abstract available (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - February 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

U.S. Optometrists' Reported Practices and Perceived Barriers for Low Vision Care for Mild Visual Loss
This study elucidated self-reported optometric practice patterns for patients with mild vision loss. METHODS Anonymous surveys were completed by 229 actively practicing optometrists across the United States. The survey inquired about the frequency of providing LVR for mild vision loss patients and the top barriers that prevent them from offering LVR management (including optical aids or referral). RESULTS Compared with those moderately actively practicing LVR, twice as many (2.08×) practitioners who do not practice any LVR reported that they never prescribe near-reading add power of 4 D or greater for mild visi...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Effect of Simulated and Real Spherical and Astigmatism Defocus on Visual Acuity and Image Quality Score
CONCLUSIONS We observed a difference of about 20 and 35% between simulated and real optics blur, respectively, in presence of spherical and astigmatism blur. However, the difference between both methods remains equal to or below the clinically significant difference. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Do Polymer Coatings Change the Aberrations of Conventional and Wavefront-guided Scleral Lenses?
This study aimed to quantify aberration changes (e.g., masking) when applying polymer coatings to WFG and conventional scleral lenses. METHODS Two control lenses (remained uncoated) and 14 experimental lenses (two repeated builds of seven aberration designs: one spherical, two coma, four full WFG [second- to fifth-order aberrations]) were manufactured, and aberrations were measured (mean of three) by two operators before and after coating. Root mean square (RMS) and visual image quality (logVSX) differences were calculated for 6-mm diameters. RESULTS Median RMS aberration change due to coating was 0.012 μm (range,...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Understanding Infection Prevention Practices in Optometry Clinics
CONCLUSIONS Our data highlight several areas of concern in the practice of standard or transmission-based precautions in the sampled population. First, hand-hygiene policies are not well enforced. Second, personal protective equipment is not appropriately used while examining potentially infectious patients. Third, eye-drop vials are not consistently discarded if contaminated with eye secretions. Lastly, a large proportion of surveyed practices use inadequate disinfection techniques of tonometers. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REPORTS Source Type: research

Randomized Crossover Trial Evaluating the Impact of Senofilcon A Photochromic Lens on Driving Performance
CONCLUSIONS Study results revealed no evidence of concerns with either driving performance or vision while wearing photochromic contact lenses. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: CLINICAL TRIALS Source Type: research

Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Keratoconus: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS This meta-analysis provides significant evidence that OSA is associated with KC. Therefore, a proper screening for OSA is warned for KC patients for the prevention of various cardiovascular comorbidities. Further prospective studies are warranted to explore more in-depth the casual relationship between the two conditions. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research

A Review of the Use of Confidence Intervals for Bland-Altman Limits of Agreement in Optometry and Vision Science
CONCLUSIONS Use of confidence intervals for limits of agreement has increased in Optometry and Vision Science but is far from universal. To assist researchers in calculating exact confidence limits for Bland-Altman limits of agreement, spreadsheets are included for performing the calculations and generating Bland-Altman plots with the confidence intervals included. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: FEATURE ARTICLE – PUBLIC ACCESS Source Type: research

Evidence-based Clinical Practice: The Role for Professional Societies
No abstract available (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

2019 American Academy of Optometry Ocular Photography Contest
No abstract available (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REPORTS Source Type: research

Contrast Energy and Contour Interaction
CONCLUSIONS The results are consistent with the interpretation that contour interaction depends primarily on the contrast energy of flanking contours when their contrast energy is low. As the contrast energy of the flanking contours increases, the magnitude of contour interaction depends on the flanker contrast. For high-contrast flanking contours, the magnitude of contour interaction saturates when the width of the flanking contours is approximately 20% of letter size. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Total Protein Concentration and Tumor Necrosis Factor α in Tears of Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
This study evaluated differences of TPC and TNF-α concentrations in tears at different severity of NPDR among participants with diabetes in comparison with normal participants. METHODS A total of 75 participants were categorized based on Early Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy Study scale, with 15 participants representing each group, namely, normal, diabetes without retinopathy, mild NPDR, moderate NPDR, and severe NPDR. All participants were screened using McMonnies questionnaire. Refraction was conducted subjectively. Visual acuity was measured using a LogMAR chart. Twenty-five microliters of basal tears was c...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Office-based Vergence and Accommodative Therapy for the Treatment of Intermittent Exotropia: A Pilot Study
This study will help to demonstrate the potential value of office-based vergence/accommodative therapy for the treatment of intermittent exotropia and provide data that can be used for planning future clinical trials. PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate changes in the office control score after office-based vergence/accommodative therapy for intermittent exotropia. METHODS This was a prospective, unmasked pilot study. Fourteen Chinese participants aged 6 to 18 years with intermittent exotropia (excluding the convergence insufficiency type) were enrolled. All participants received 60 minutes of office-based ve...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Facial Asymmetry in Unilateral Duane Retraction Syndrome
SIGNIFICANCE The overall objective of this study was to evaluate facial asymmetry in patients with unilateral Duane retraction syndrome (DRS). The results showed a high frequency of facial asymmetry parameters of the opposite side of head turn in unilateral DRS patients. PURPOSE The purposes of this study were to evaluate the characteristics of facial asymmetry in unilateral exotropic and esotropic DRS and to compare the findings with orthotropic subjects. METHODS This cross-sectional comparative case series study was performed in 44 consecutive patients with head turn caused by DRS and 44 orthotropic subjects from...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of an Indian Translation of the Vision-related Activity Limitation Item Bank in Cataract
CONCLUSIONS Items in the translated Indian VRAL item bank measure the same construct as the English version and fulfilled the psychometric requirements for use in cataract patients. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Community Health Centers: A Model for Integrating Eye Care Services with the Practice of Primary Care Medicine
SIGNIFICANCE Optometry is desperately needed to combat the increasing rate of avoidable visual impairment that goes undiagnosed largely owing to the lack of integration of eye care services with primary care medicine. Government leaders are actively discussing substantive changes to health care legislation that will impact optometrists and their patients. The importance of a regular eye examination for disease prevention has long been undervalued in the setting of primary care. Consequently, many serious and potentially treatable ocular and systemic diseases go undiagnosed. Despite clear indicators that vision impairment...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: FEATURE ARTICLE – PUBLIC ACCESS Source Type: research

Case Report: Bilateral Horizontal Gaze Palsy (1 + 1 Syndrome): A Supranuclear Gaze Palsy
CONCLUSIONS Close evaluation of extraocular motilities and a solid understanding of the supranuclear, nuclear, internuclear, and infranuclear components of the horizontal gaze pathway can help identify challenging gaze palsies when encountered in a clinical setting. Appropriate neuroimaging can then be performed with an emphasis on the suspected location of the lesion(s) based on the patient's clinical findings. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REPORTS Source Type: research

Examination Innovation: Transforming the National Board of Examiners in Optometry's Clinical Skills Examination
The objectives for the new clinical examination include increasing clinical authenticity, prioritizing the most essential and relevant skills, and emphasizing patient-centered care. This initiative is evidence based and consistent with best practices within the larger assessment community. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research

Optometry and Vision Science 2019 Year-end Review
No abstract available (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Authors' Response
No abstract available (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: COMMUNICATIONS Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Impact of Dry Eye on Visual Acuity and Contrast Sensitivity: Dry Eye Assessment and Management Study
No abstract available (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: COMMUNICATIONS Source Type: research

Agreement and Repeatability of Noncycloplegic and Cycloplegic Wavefront-based Autorefraction in Children
SIGNIFICANCE Increasing prevalence of refractive error requires assessment of ametropia as a screening tool in children. If cycloplegia is not an option, knowledge about the increase in uncertainty for wavefront-based autorefraction is needed. The cycloplegic agent as the principal variant presents cross-reference and allows for extraction of the influence of accommodation. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the repeatability, agreement, and propensity to accommodate of cycloplegic (ARc) and noncycloplegic (ARnc) wavefront-based autorefraction (ZEISS i.Profiler plus; Carl Zeiss Vision, Aalen, Germany) ...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

The Veterans Affairs Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Use and Diabetic Retinopathy Study
CONCLUSIONS Increased CPAP compliance may mitigate the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients with obstructive sleep apnea. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Prevalence of Color Vision Deficiency in an Adult Population in South Korea
CONCLUSIONS This large population-based study of color vision deficiency among Koreans gives the most accurate estimate of failing a color vision screening test to date and provides useful information for planning adaptive strategies. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

The Effects of Hemianopia on Perception of Mutual Gaze
CONCLUSIONS Our results suggest that individuals with left HFL, especially with neglect history, may have greater difficulties than individuals with right HFL in compensating for low-level spatial biases (as manifested in line bisection) when performing the more complex, higher-level task of judging gaze direction. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Clear and Single Binocular Vision in Near 3D Displays
CONCLUSIONS The limits of clear and single binocular vision derived from phoropter vergence tests were not a good approximation of the analogous limits in our 3D display. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

Effect of Vergence/Accommodative Therapy on Reading in Children with Convergence Insufficiency: A Randomized Clinical Trial
CONCLUSIONS For children aged 9 to 14 years with symptomatic convergence insufficiency, office-based vergence/accommodative therapy was no more effective than office-based placebo therapy for improving reading performance on standardized reading tests after 16 weeks of treatment. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: CLINICAL TRIALS Source Type: research

Treatment of Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children Enrolled in the Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial–Attention & Reading Trial: A Randomized Clinical Trial
SIGNIFICANCE These data confirm the effectiveness of office-based vergence/accommodative therapy for improving convergence in children with symptomatic convergence insufficiency. They also highlight the importance of using a primary outcome measure that is as objective as possible rather than relying solely on self-reported symptoms for studies of binocular vision in children. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to report changes in clinical signs and symptoms of convergence insufficiency (secondary outcome measures) from a multicenter clinical trial (Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial–Attention & R...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: CLINICAL TRIALS Source Type: research

Interventions to Mitigate Cognitive Biases in the Decision Making of Eye Care Professionals: A Systematic Review
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS OF FINDINGS Given that cognitive biases can significantly impact the accuracy of clinical decision making and thus can have major effects on clinical care and patient health outcomes, the lack of studies identified in this systematic review indicates a critical need for research within the area of cognitive bias mitigation for decision making within eye care practice. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research

Corneal Endothelial Blebs Induced in Scleral Lens Wearers
SIGNIFICANCE In the bleb phenomenon, some endothelial cells transiently lose their specular reflection. This has been reported during contact lens wear and goggle-induced hypoxia or hypercapnia. PURPOSE The purposes of this study were to determine whether blebs appear after scleral lens wear and if their appearance is influenced by lens clearance and to compare bleb and cell sizes. METHODS Twenty-one subjects were fitted with two similar scleral lenses with different targeted clearances of 200 and 400 μm (the SL200 and SL400, respectively). Each lens was worn unilaterally for 25 minutes, whereas the other eye se...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: FEATURE ARTICLE – PUBLIC ACCESS Source Type: research

Giving Thanks
No abstract available (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Combined Topical Anti-inflammatory and Oral Acetazolamide in the Treatment of Central Serious Chorioretinopathy. Optom Vis Sci 2019;96: 500–6.
No abstract available (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - October 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ERRATUM Source Type: research

Case Series: Slight Intraocular Lens Malpositioning as a Potential Cause of Vision Loss
CONCLUSIONS Inconspicuous IOL malpositioning is one of the reasons responsible for decreased vision acuity after cataract surgery, which may not be easily identified by slit-lamp examination. High astigmatism and ocular higher-order aberrations derived from malpositioned IOL can be important clues. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - October 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Topical Review: Effects of Contact Lens Wear on Corneal, Conjunctival, and Lid Margin Sensitivity
SIGNIFICANCE Contemporary soft contact lenses do not affect mechanical sensitivity of the cornea, whereas conjunctival sensitivity is increased compared with nonwearers. Orthokeratology lens wear, however, reduces corneal sensitivity. The effects of contact lenses on lid margin sensitivity are unclear, and the link between ocular surface sensitivity and discomfort requires further exploration. Although up to 50% of contact lens wearers experience discomfort with varying severity, impact, and frequency, the relationship between ocular surface sensitivity and ocular surface discomfort experienced during contact lens wear ...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - October 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research

Topical Review: Retinally Induced Aniseikonia
SIGNIFICANCE We review retinally induced aniseikonia, an underrecognized condition resulting from common retinal conditions that has a significant effect on quality of life. Optometrists can influence the timing of surgical intervention to mitigate the damage from delaying surgical intervention in patients whose other findings do not meet a surgeon's treatment threshold. Aniseikonia due to optical differences between the eyes occurs in 1 to 3.5% of the population and can hinder the quality of binocular vision. The less noted retinally induced aniseikonia is due to mechanical distortion and displacement of the retinal ph...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - October 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research

Standardization of Reading Charts: A Review of Recent Developments
This review gives an overview of the current status of standardization by statistical evaluation of reading charts. First begun only 20 years ago, the statistical evaluation of reading charts now reflects an increasing clinical and scientific interest in standardized, comparable, and reproducible reading charts. For clinical or research purposes in human subjects, standardization of psychophysical tests and their test items by statistical evaluation is mandatory because it provides experimental control. Initial attempts at reading chart standardization were made by characterizing the test items, either in terms of a selec...
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - October 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research

Assessing Variability in Reading Performance with the New Greek Standardized Reading Speed Texts (IReST)
CONCLUSIONS The addition of the Greek version in the IReST language pack is expected to be a valuable tool for clinical practice and research, enriching interlanguage comparisons and international studies of reading performance. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - October 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Source Type: research

Anterior Chamber Angle Evaluation Using Gonioscopy: Consistency and Agreement between Optometrists and Ophthalmologists
CONCLUSIONS Fair to moderate concordance in gonioscopy was achieved between optometrists and ophthalmologists in a collaborative care clinic in which there is consistent feedback and clinical review. To move toward unified medical records and a telemedicine model, improved consistency of record keeping and angle description is required. (Source: Optometry and Vision Science)
Source: Optometry and Vision Science - October 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Source Type: research