Nasal Trumpet Protects the Airway in Case of Bilateral Dacryocystoceles
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: OPRS Images Source Type: research

Congenital Dacryocystocele With a Massive Dumbbell-Shaped Intranasal Cyst: Open-Book Marsupialization and Histopathology
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: OPRS Images Source Type: research

Sebaceous Adenoma in a Patient With Visceral Malignancies
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: OPRS Images Source Type: research

Periocular Sebaceous Carcinoma Masquerading as an Intratarsal Cyst
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: OPRS Images Source Type: research

Odontogenic Abscess With Orbital Extension Through the Inferior Orbital Fissure Treated With Bony Decompression
A 49-year-old otherwise healthy male presented with an odontogenic abscess and mild left facial swelling. CT imaging revealed gaseous hypodensities within the inferior orbital fissure and pterygopalatine fossa in addition to infection of the left masseter and temporalis muscle. Despite dental drainage, this rapidly progressed to orbital cellulitis with temporalis muscles abscess leading to compartment syndrome and globe tenting. He had an excellent outcome after canthotomy and cantholysis, urgent endoscopic and transconjunctival orbital decompression, temporalis muscle abscess drainage, and intravenous antibiotics. This ca...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Masquerading as a Sphenoid Wing Meningioma
A 47-year-old man who presented with subacute binocular diplopia and a left head turn was found to have a right sixth nerve palsy and right optic disc edema. Radiologic imaging revealed a non-lytic right greater sphenoid wing mass with a dural tail, suggestive of a sphenoid wing meningioma. The patient underwent an orbitotomy with lesion biopsy; histopathologic analysis and subsequent imaging revealed the diagnosis of metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. He developed new metastases despite systemic immunotherapy, and prognosis was guarded at last follow up 3 months after diagnosis. The authors present the first repo...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Periorbital Myofibroma in a Child: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
Infantile myofibroma is a rare benign tumor usually diagnosed before the age of 2 and found in the head and neck but much more rarely in the orbital region. There have only been 7 cases of periorbital myofibromas reported in children in the literature to date. The current case is of an 8-year-old boy with a left upper eyelid myofibroma confirmed on histopathological and immunochemical analysis. A literature review of periorbital myofibromas has been performed to bring the reader up-to-date with the current understanding and management of the disease. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Orbital Actinomyces Masquerading as Meningioma
Orbital actinomyces is a rare diagnosis with only a few cases reported in the literature. It can be difficult to diagnose due to its slow, indolent course, and nonspecific findings on imaging and clinical examination, and frequently it can masquerade as other pathologies such as neoplasm and inflammatory disease. The authors present a case of actinomyces masquerading as meningioma with findings of hyperostosis and a superior orbital roof interosseous tract on imaging. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Multidrug-Resistant Escherichia coli Canaliculitis
Escherichia coli canaliculitis is an exceptionally rare organism to cause primary canaliculitis. The present case describes unilateral canaliculitis refractory to conventional therapy with a significant history of recurrent culture proven E. coli urinary tract infection. Microbiological analysis revealed E. coli bacilli and histological examination showed goblet cell metaplasia, subepithelial edema with acute and chronic inflammatory infiltrate. The possibility of an endogenous infection or autoinoculation secondary to urinary tract infection cannot be ruled out. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Nasolacrimal Lymphangioma Presenting With Hemolacria
A 22-year-old male presented with spontaneous unilateral hemolacria and was found to have complete opacification of the ipsilateral nasolacrimal sac and duct. Endoscopic biopsy with histopathologic analysis revealed the diagnosis of nasolacrimal lymphangioma. Additional management included nasolacrimal stenting, and there was no hemolacria recurrence or epiphora. This is the first report of a nasolacrimal lymphangioma and describes the vascular malformation as a potential cause of bloody tearing. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Upper Eyelid Isolated Arterio-Venous Malformation Treated With Embolization in a Patient With Keloid-Prone Skin
Ocular adnexal aterio-venous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital disabling anomalies, which may enlarge causing disfiguring deformity and rarely severe hemorrhage. These lesions are generally treated by preliminary endovascular embolization to shrink the arterio-venous malformation, followed by surgical gross total resection. The authors report a case of eyelid arterio-venous malformation in a 12-year-old girl, which progressively increased in size in few months. The patient complained mild itching, blurring of the vision, and mild tenderness. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an expansive mass with multiple arterial ...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Eyelid Can Locally Recur and Mimic Basal Cell Carcinoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the eyelid is a very rare tumor, and only 11 cases have been previously reported in the literature. Here the authors report the 12th case of eyelid ACC that was initially diagnosed as adenoid basal cell carcinoma. This is the first report of local recurrence after wide local excision using the Mohs technique. Additionally, this is the first report that demonstrates that ACC can present clinically and histologically similar to basal cell carcinoma. The authors summarize the previous reports of eyelid ACC to compile a reference for this growing body of literature. It is important for oculopl...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Subconjunctival Lipid Leakage From Deep Orbital Dermoid Cysts
Orbital dermoid cysts are fairly common and arise by sequestration of surface ectoderm along skeletal suture lines during embryologic development. Although anterior dermoid cysts are generally evident in infancy, deeper cysts typically present with inflammatory symptoms in adulthood. The authors report the clinical and imaging features for 6 cases of deep orbital dermoid cysts that were identified by the presence of subconjunctival lipid droplets; to the authors’ knowledge, this case report represents the largest series of dermoids with such a presentation. In the absence of prior vitreoretinal surgery, subconjunctiv...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Aesthetic Abstracts
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Oculoplastic Abstracts
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Reply re: “Commentary on: ‘Examining the Role of Retrobulbar Hyaluronidase in Reversing Filler Induced Blindness: A Systemic Review,’ by Paap MK, Milman T, Ugradar S, Goldberg R, Silkiss RZ”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply re: “Stereotactic Navigation Improves Outcomes of Orbital Decompression Surgery for Thyroid Associated Orbitopathy”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Re: “Stereotactic Navigation Improves Outcomes of Orbital Decompression Surgery for Thyroid Associated Orbitopathy”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply re: “Utilizing 3D-Printed Orbital Floor Stamps to Create Patient-Specific Implants for Orbital Floor Reconstruction”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Re: “Utilizing 3D-Printed Orbital Floor Stamps to Create Patient-Specific Implants for Orbital Floor Reconstruction”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply re: “Orbital Myositis: A Comprehensive Review and Reclassification”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Re: “Orbital Myositis: A Comprehensive Review and Reclassification”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply re: “Panophthalmitis and Visual Loss as a Complication of Acute Dacryocystitis”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Re: “Panophthalmitis and Visual Loss as a Complication of Acute Dacryocystitis”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply re: “Transposition Upper Blepharoplasty With Orbital Retaining Ligament Release”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Re: “Transposition Upper Blepharoplasty With Orbital Retaining Ligament Release”
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Oculoplastics Education in the Coronavirus 2019 Pandemic With Virtual Suturing Curriculum
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

In Vivo Morphology of Nasolacrimal Duct Opening into the Inferior Meatus
Conclusion: Sulci shaped NLD openings were the most common morphology, and mucosal folds were less commonly observed compared with cadaveric studies. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Anatomy & Physiology Source Type: research

Endoscopic-Assisted Lateral Orbitotomy for Large Orbital Roof Dermoid Cysts With Dural Invasion
Conclusions: Endoscopic-assisted lateral orbitotomy approach provided a good field of view, illumination, and magnification to totally remove all the content and epithelial lining of very large orbital roof dermoid cysts with dural invasion. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Surgical Techniques Source Type: research

A Modified Hughes Flap for Correction of Refractory Cicatricial Lower Lid Retraction With Concomitant Ectropion
Conclusions: The technique of using a modified Hughes flap to reconstruct above the tarsus with excision of the scarred lid margin was effective in correcting refractory cicatricial lower lid retraction. This procedure can be considered in multioperative cases in which traditional techniques for lower lid retraction repair have failed. Reconstructing a new lid margin reduces the risk of recicatrization and suboptimal results. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Surgical Techniques Source Type: research

Malignant Mixed Tumor (Carcinoma Ex Pleomorphic Adenoma) of the Lacrimal Gland
Conclusions: The findings suggest that de novo malignant mixed tumor of the lacrimal gland is more common than disease that results from transformation after incomplete resection of lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma. Most cases can be treated with eye-sparing surgery and radiation unless skull base extension is present. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Conjunctival Melanoma: Features and Outcomes Based on the Fitzpatrick Skin Type in 540 Patients at a Single Ocular Oncology Center
Purpose: To determine the association of Fitzpatrick skin type (FST) with conjunctival melanoma. Methods: Retrospective case series of 540 patients with conjunctival melanoma to assess clinical features and outcomes per FST. Results: The FST was Type I (n = 126, 23%), II (n = 337, 62%), III (n = 56, 10%), IV (n = 8, 2%), V (n = 12, 2%), and VI (n = 1, (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Electron Microscopic Features of Canalicular Concretions
Conclusions: Ultrastructural features of canalicular concretions reveal 3 distinct microbial subtypes and opens up avenues toward better understanding of the etiopathogenesis of canaliculiths and possible structural resistance to host defenses or antibiotics. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Perfusion in Upper Eyelid Flaps: Effects of Rotation and Stretching Measured With Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging in Patients
Conclusions: Blood perfusion in upper eyelid skin flaps decreases rapidly with distance from the base of the flap. Rotating and stretching the skin flap reduces blood perfusion even further, leading to minimal perfusion in this kind of flap at distances greater than 1.5 cm from the base. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Dermoid Cyst: Outcome Analysis in a Pediatric Referral Hospital
Conclusions: Dermoid cysts are the most common benign periorbital tumors in the pediatric population. Imaging is required for evaluation of lesions in atypical locations, deep or fixed to underlying tissue. Surgical removal is the gold standard of treatment. Multidisciplinary approach may be required in the most complex cases. After surgery, few complications and recurrences were found in our series. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

The Adnexal Phenotype of Sagging Eye Syndrome
This study supports the growing body of evidence which suggests that the SES represents age-related mechanical changes in the orbit that manifest as a specific adnexal phenotype. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Hard Palate Mucoperiosteal Transplantation for Defects of the Upper Eyelid: A Pilot Study and Evaluation
Conclusions: not only effectively reconstructs the upper eyelid but also provides protection for the cornea. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Thickness of Retro- and Sub-Orbicularis Oculi Fat in Thyroid Eye Disease: Comparison With Controls and Its Influential Factors
Purpose: To compare the thickness of the retro- and sub-orbicularis oculi fat (ROOF and SOOF) between patients with thyroid eye disease (TED) and controls via MRI and to determine factors influencing fat thickness. Methods: This retrospective, comparative, case-control study included 136 patients (272 sides) with TED and 50 control patients (50 sides). The thickness of the ROOF and SOOF was measured on the quasi-sagittal plane through the optic nerve (the central plane) and 6 mm lateral and medial to the central plane at the level through the superior orbital rim and at the level just below the orbital septum i...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Müller Muscle Conjunctiva Resection for Revision of Residual Ptosis After External Levator Advancement Surgery
Conclusions: In patients who have residual ptosis without contour abnormality following external levator advancement, and positive response to phenylephrine testing, Müller muscle conjunctival resection is an effective approach. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Clinical and Morphologic Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Direct Corneal Neurotization
Conclusions: Minimally invasive direct corneal neurotization is a safe and effective treatment of neurotrophic keratopathy. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

PD-L1 and PD-L2 Expression Levels Are Low in Primary and Secondary Adenoid Cystic Carcinomas of the Orbit: Therapeutic Implications
Conclusions: Checkpoint inhibitor drugs may have limited impact in the treatment and clinical course of orbital adenoid cystic carcinoma based on the low frequency of CD8 infiltrate and low expression of PD-L1 and PD-L2. Pretreatment with radiation, however, may improve tumor response to checkpoint inhibitor drugs. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

Morbihan Syndrome, a UK Case Series
Conclusions: Morbihan syndrome is a rare and chronic condition. It can be difficult to treat and may require a range of interventions. (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Major Reviews Source Type: research

Corneal Neurotization: A Review of Pathophysiology and Outcomes
The objective of this study is to provide a systematic review of the clinical outcomes of corneal neurotization and present the pathophysiology of corneal wound healing, neurotrophic keratopathy, and corneal neurotization. Methods: A literature review of published articles and meeting abstracts between December 2008 and February 2019 in the English language with the terms “corneal neurotization,” “corneal neurotisation,” “corneal reinnervation,” and “neurotrophic keratopathy” was performed. Reported clinical data before and after corneal neurotization, and surgical techniq...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - September 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Major Reviews Source Type: research

Cerebrofacial Arteriovenous Metameric Syndrome Type 2
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: OPRS Images Source Type: research

Broken Needle Retrieval Following Periorbital Soft-Tissue Filler Injection
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: OPRS Images Source Type: research

Real-time Venous Drainage of the Lacrimal Sac and the Nasolacrimal Duct
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: OPRS Images Source Type: research

Bilateral Extraocular Muscle B-Cell Lymphoma in an Elderly Male
No abstract available (Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: OPRS Images Source Type: research

Pilosebaceous Malignant Transformation of Dermoid Cyst in the Orbit
Dermoid cysts may occur in the orbit, most commonly in the superolateral area. Malignant transformation of such lesions has been previously reported; however, most turn out to be squamous cell carcinoma. The authors’ patient initially presented with mild proptosis and limitation in extraocular movements. Preliminary biopsy showed whitish amorphous material and abundant hairs filling the thin-walled cyst, consistent with dermoid cyst. The patient underwent tumor resection via lateral orbitotomy with bone window and transorbital endoscopic approach for the dural involvement. Final biopsy showed dermoid cyst with pilose...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Infantile Endoscopic Dacryocystorhinostomy: Indications, Anatomical Considerations, and Outcomes
The purpose of this case series is to report the demographic profile, indications, anatomical considerations, and outcomes of Endonasal endoscopic DCR in the infants. Five eyes of 3 infants underwent IEnDCR with a mean age of 4.26 months (range: 23 days–8 months). There were 2 males and 1 female. Two of the infants underwent bilateral surgery. The indication for surgery in the infant undergoing unilateral surgery was recurrent acute dacryocystitis and lacrimal abscess formation secondary to refractory and complex congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Infants undergoing bilateral lacrimal surgery had refractory co...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

A Unique Presentation of Levamisole-Induced Antineutrophil- Cytoplasmic-Antibody-Positive Vasculitis Presenting as Inflammatory Orbitopathy
A 35-year-old woman with a history of cocaine abuse presented with progressively worsening OS pain. Neuroimaging revealed a 3-cm ill-defined left orbital lesion involving the intraconal and extraconal spaces. The orbital mass was biopsied via an anterior orbitotomy approach. Pathology demonstrated prominent angiocentric granulomatous and lymphoplasmacytic inflammation consistent with vasculitis. Laboratory tests were significant for neutropenia, positive perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies with high titer, and positive myeloperoxidase antibodies, consistent with levamisole-induced vasculitis. To the authors&r...
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - July 1, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research