Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Levels of Burnout Among Oncology Nurses: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Oncology nurses present high levels of EE and of reduced PA. A large proportion of these nurses are at risk of developing burnout. Age, work experience, workload, and communication skills are among the factors that may influence development of the syndrome. 
. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Programs should be developed to identify interventions that would reduce EE and enhance feelings of PA. In addition, risk factors and protective measures should be studied more comprehensively. PMID: 27105202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 23, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Gómez-Urquiza JL, Aneas-López AB, Fuente-Solana EI, Albendín-García L, Díaz-Rodríguez L, Fuente GA Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Perceived Quality of Work Life and Risk for Compassion Fatigue Among Oncology Nurses: A Mixed-Methods Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, oncology nurses experienced positive reinforcement at work and they had little concern about individual or organizational effectiveness. Positive experiences offset the negative and balanced out the risk for CF.
. INTERPRETATION: The identification of personal and social contributors, as well as solutions to work-related stress, supports the philosophical premises (i.e., conceptual model) that the circumstances that place a nurse at risk for CF are socially constructed. Nurses can achieve greater empathy through self-understanding and translate this learning to patient care. PMID: 27105203...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 23, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Denigris J, Fisher K, Maley M, Nolan E Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Quality of Life for Korean American Cancer Survivors: An Integrative Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Social support, communication, and acculturation were key factors associated with Korean Americans' QOL. Cultural differences were evident for Korean Americans versus other Asian American ethnic groups.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: More innovative and culturally driven research is needed to understand each minority group's cultural barriers, as well as to improve cancer survivors' QOL. Improving the doctor-patient relationship is critical to promoting better cancer experiences for Korean American cancer survivors. PMID: 27105204 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 23, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Yoon H, Chatters L, Kao TS, Saint-Arnault D, Northouse L Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Improving Adherence to Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy in Breast Cancer Through a Therapeutic Educational Approach: A Feasibility Study
.
CONCLUSIONS: Results from the feasibility study showed promising efficacy for the educational objectives and provided information about how the program could be improved. 
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Tailored educational programs conducted by trained nurses may help patients to adhere to and live with the effects of endocrine therapy. PMID: 27105205 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 23, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Bourmaud A, Rousset V, Regnier-Denois V, Collard O, Jacquin JP, Merrouche Y, Lapoirie J, Tinquaut F, Lataillade L, Chauvin F Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Innovation, Creation, Inspiration.
Abstract The end of each year and the beginning of the next usually involves the media printing lists of what was talked about in the past year and what is going to be "hot" in the coming 12 months. The world of oncology is no different. The world of oncology is no different. MedPageToday conducted a non-scientific survey of readers, asking oncologists what game changers they saw in 2015. Seventy-four percent said that the use of immunotherapy in different cancers had changed the playing field and was a significant breakthrough in treatment for many patients. This is great news for oncologists, patients,...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Katz A Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Cushing's Syndrome From Pituitary Microadenoma and Pulmonary Nodules.
Abstract Cushing's syndrome is a state of cortisol excess, possibly from a tumor in the pituitary gland, the adrenal gland, or an ectopic nonpituitary ACTH-secreting source. The first form, pituitary in origin, was originally described by Harvey Cushing, MD, and was labeled as Cushing's disease. Long-term therapy with glucocorticoids also can lead to iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome. PMID: 26906124 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Tating DL, Montevirgen ND, Cajucom L Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

The Research Doctorate in Nursing: The PhD.
Abstract When nurses are considering an advanced degree beyond the master's level of educational preparation, a number of considerations may direct the decision-making process. The doctorate of philosophy (PhD) in nursing is a research degree that will well serve nurses who have the desire to apply theory and develop formal programs of research, become faculty of nursing, combine clinical practice with formal research, and advance through professional leadership in the ranks of hospitals and health systems organizations. 
. PMID: 26906125 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Rice D Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Precision Medicine and the Changing Landscape of Research Ethics.
Abstract President Barack Obama announced the launch of the National Institutes of Health Precision Medicine Initiative® (PMI) in January 2015. Precision medicine includes the concept of individualized or personalized medicine at a more exact level through advances in science and technology, such as genetics and genomics sequencing. Although many disease processes will be investigated through the precision medicine lens for greater understanding and improved treatment responses, oncology research and translation to practice is leading the initiative's debut, referred to as the near-term focus. PMID: 26906...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Hammer MJ Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Cognitive and Situational Precipitants of Loneliness Among Patients With Cancer: A Qualitative Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study fills gaps in loneliness theory by identifying cancer-related situations and thoughts that patients associate with their loneliness. Consistent with theory, patients reported feeling lonely when they had negative thoughts about their social situations. 
. INTERPRETATION: Findings inform nursing assessment and intervention strategies to incorporate into care plans. For instance, when conducting assessments, nurses should be more attentive to patients' satisfaction with their social environment than actual characteristics of the environment. Normalizing patients' experiences and encourag...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Adams RN, Mosher CE, Abonour R, Robertson MJ, Champion VL, Kroenke K Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Assessment of Cognitive Impairment and Complaints in Individuals With Colorectal Cancer.
Abstract PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To assess cognitive function in individuals with colorectal cancer (CRC) and identify factors associated with cognitive effects.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, comparative design.
. SETTING: Midwest hospital.
. SAMPLE: Men and women with (n = 50) and without (n = 50) CRC. 
. METHODS: Comparative and regression analyses were performed to assess the relationship between cognition and CRC.
. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Attention, cognitive control, and memory function were assessed with neuropsychological tests and self-report.
. FINDINGS: Compared to he...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Visovatti MA, Reuter-Lorenz PA, Chang AE, Northouse L, Cimprich B Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Beliefs in Chemotherapy and Knowledge of Cancer and Treatment Among African American Women With Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: African American women with newly diagnosed breast cancer generally agreed with the necessity of chemotherapy. Knowledge of breast cancer, treatment, and risk reduction through adjuvant therapy was limited.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Oncology nurses could help advocate for tailored educational programs to support informed decision making regarding chemotherapy acceptance for African American women. PMID: 26906129 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Jiang Y, Sereika SM, Bender CM, Brufsky AM, Rosenzweig MQ Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Fear of Progression in Outpatients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia on Oral Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.
CONCLUSIONS: In a sample of outpatients with CML, FoP was frequent and most often generated by fears of treatment side effects.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Nurses should be vigilant about FoP in this population. Established questionnaires may help to identify and evaluate this frequent source of distress. Specific communication could reveal unmet informational needs and may help to initiate interventions. Additional studies are needed to confirm the numbers in a larger cohort of patients, to examine the prevalence during the course of disease, to search for potential influences on the outcome (i.e., via adherence), ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Hefner J, Csef EJ, Kunzmann V Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Functional Quality-of-Life Outcomes Reported by Men Treated for Localized Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Literature Review.
CONCLUSIONS: This review identified that QOL outcomes reported by men following different treatments for localized prostate cancer are mostly recorded using standardized health-related QOL outcome measures. Such outcome measures collect data about body system functions but limit understanding of men's QOL following treatment for prostate cancer. Holistic outcome measures are needed to capture data about men's QOL for several years following the completion of treatment for localized prostate cancer.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Nurses need to work with men to facilitate information sharing, identify supportive care n...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Baker H, Wellman S, Lavender V Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Administration and Handling of Talimogene Laherparepvec: An Intralesional Oncolytic Immunotherapy for Melanoma.
CONCLUSIONS: Talimogene laherparepvec is administered through a series of intralesional injections into cutaneous, subcutaneous, or nodal tumors (with ultrasound guidance as needed) during an outpatient clinic visit. A single insertion point is recommended; however, multiple insertion points are acceptable if the tumor radius exceeds the needle's radial reach. Talimogene laherparepvec must be evenly distributed throughout the tumor through each insertion site. Talimogene laherparepvec requires storage at -90°C to -70°C and, once thawed, should be administered immediately or stored in its original vial and carton an...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Hoffner B, Iodice GM, Gasal E Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Nursing Roles in Cardiac Safety: Romidepsin in Patients With T-Cell Lymphoma.
CONCLUSIONS: Data support the cardiac safety of romidepsin while cautioning about the need for nurses' vigilance regarding consistent electrolyte supplementation, appropriate antiemetic selection, and heart rate monitoring. 
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: By recognizing drug-related and non-drug-related influences on cardiac safety during treatment with romidepsin, as well as other anticancer agents, nurses can identify risks, report them, and recommend appropriate interventions, which, ultimately, facilitates improved patient outcomes. PMID: 26906133 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Hronek J, Reed M Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Ocular Toxicity of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.
CONCLUSIONS: Given the prevalence of new tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapies and the complexity of possible pathogenesis of ocular pathology, oncology nurses can appreciate the occurrence of ocular toxicities and the role of nursing in the management of these problems.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Knowledge of the risk factors and etiology of ocular toxicity of targeted cancer therapies can guide nursing assessment, enhance patient education, and improve care management. Including a review of eye symptoms and vision issues in nursing assessment can enhance early detection and treatment of ocular toxicity. PMID: ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Davis ME Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Explicit Assumptions About Knowing.
Abstract Conceptual Foundations is a new column for Oncology Nursing Forum that focuses on the frameworks that underpin research and practice initiatives. The purpose of this inaugural column is to provide an overview of what conceptual frameworks are, related terms, the role of conceptual frameworks in the research process, and why these frameworks matter. PMID: 26906135 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Flannery M Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Whole Exome Sequencing: The Next Phase of Genetics Care.
Abstract Exome sequencing is a technique for sequencing all of the genes that code for functioning proteins in the genome. It is now being used to identify mutations in families with suspected hereditary cancer syndromes where single-gene testing or testing for a panel of genes has not been able to detect a mutation. Oncology nurses need to anticipate that more patients and families will be undergoing this testing and be prepared to explain basic concepts about this new technology. PMID: 26906136 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Mahon SM Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

The International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care: Position Statements Can Aid Nurses to Think Globally and Act Locally.
Abstract The number of new cases of cancer is expected to rise by about 70% during the next two decades, and people living in low- and middle-income countries will experience a disproportionate burden of this increase. Oncology nurses are positioned to take the lead in addressing this looming health crisis. Such efforts will gain momentum and have a greater impact if nurses around the world collaborate. The purpose of this article is to describe the role of the International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care in leading this effort, with a particular focus on three specific position statements that nursing societies...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Beck SL, Bialous S, Ben-Gal Y Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Patterns of Response in Parents of Children With Cancer: An Integrative Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Using this methodology, a wide range of behaviors, attitudes, and competencies associated with the circumstance of parents caring for a child with cancer could be identified. 
. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Knowledge of the patterns of response will enable nurses to lead parents through a healthy transition process in caring for their children with cancer. PMID: 26906138 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Cerqueira C, Pereira F, do Céu Barbieri Figueiredo M Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Effects of Making Art and Listening to Music on Symptoms Related to Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the results of the current study did not indicate significant differences, healthcare professionals may still consider creative therapies as a viable option for patients within hospital or outpatient clinics because they do not require specialty training or costly resources, and they may be an enjoyable activity to occupy time for patients and caregivers.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Art making and music listening are safe and desirable for patients undergoing blood and marrow transplantation in an outpatient clinic. Nurses might consider partnering with therapists to offer these creative therap...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Lawson LM, Glennon C, Fiscus V, Harrell V, Krause K, Moore AB, Smith K Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Accidental Fall Rates in Community-Dwelling Adults Compared to Cancer Survivors During and Post-Treatment: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Accidental fall rates in community-dwelling adults with a cancer diagnosis are greater than rates of falls in adults without cancer; this elevated rate remains after acute care is finished. Patients undergoing active treatment have greater rates of falls. Pain, fatigue, and deconditioning may affect fall rates in the longer term. 
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Nurses have the capacity to reduce risk of falls in community-dwelling cancer survivors during or post-treatment through provision of information, advocacy, and support around pain and fatigue management and promotion of physical activity. PMID...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Bird ML, Cheney MJ, Williams AD Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Decay, Transformation, and Growth: Meaning-Making Processes of Patients With Acute Leukemia Within the First Year After Diagnosis or Relapse.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings of this contextually and methodologically novel study highlight the complex nature of sense-making for patients experiencing AL.
. INTERPRETATION: Nurses can take valuable lessons on how to manage the invisibility of AL, enhance trust in healthcare professionals, address the impact of isolation, and facilitate the making-sense processes of patients in ways that favor their short- and long-term psychosocial adjustment. PMID: 26906141 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Papadopoulou C, Johnston B, Themessl-Huber M Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

2016 Oncology Nursing Society Annual Congress: Podium, E-Poster, and Poster Session Abstracts.
Authors: Abstract Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum's review process. Only abstracts that will be presented appear online. Poster numbers are subject to change. For updated poster numbers, visit congress.ons.org or check the Congress guide. Data published in abstracts presented at ONS's Annual Congress are embargoed until the conclusion of the presentation. Coverage and/or distribution of an abstract, poster, or any of its supplemental material to or by the news media, any commercial entity, or individuals, including the authors of said abstract, ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 27, 2016 Category: Nursing Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

From Darkness Into Light
.
Abstract I write this on a very dark morning at 6 am, here in my office in Canada, just above the 49th parallel. Winter is coming but this year, thanks to El Niño, we have no snow at the midpoint of November. My office is likely the only one lit in the whole building; I work in an ambulatory cancer center, and nothing or nobody stirs here until 7 am most days. There are 41 days until the winter solstice on December 21, and each day grows perceptibly shorter until I find myself in the dark on my way to and from work. I do not like these short days, but there is January and February to look forward to, when t...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Katz A Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Meet the Editorial Board.
Authors: Abstract The following thought leaders, educators, and researchers comprise the Editorial Board of the Oncology Nursing Forum (ONF) for 2016. Each brings a unique skill set based on years of oncology experience to the work of the journal. The associate editors support the mission of ONF: to convey research information related to practice, technology, education, and leadership; to disseminate oncology nursing research and evidence-based practice to enhance transdisciplinary high-quality cancer care; and to stimulate discussion of critical issues relevant to oncology nursing. Each associate editor shepherd...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Hairy Cell Leukemia and Bone Pain.
Abstract Hairy cell leukemia is a relatively rare but distinct B-cell lympho-proliferative disorder of the blood, bone marrow, and spleen that accounts for only 2% of all adult leukemia cases. The median age at presentation is 50-55 years, with a 4:1 male to female predominance. Although considered uncommon, a number of unusual clinical presentations have been noted in the literature, including the presence of peripheral lymphadenopathy, lytic bone lesions, skin involvement, organ involvement, and central nervous system involvement. Unlike the clinical management of other hematologic malignancies, no current syste...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Streu E Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Considerations for the Doctor of Nursing Practice Degree.
Abstract Today's progressively complex healthcare landscape increasingly demands leaders who are adept at managing change in uncertain environments. Representing this country's largest group of healthcare workers, RNs influence how research translates to practice and ensure quality patient outcomes. Doctoral programs provide prospective nursing students with opportunities to pursue degrees focused on research or practice. The doctor of nursing practice (DNP) degree emphasizes leadership in clinical settings.
. PMID: 26679441 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Rodriguez ES Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Academic Pressure and Research Ethics at the Crossroads.
Abstract Healthcare professionals become research scientists to improve the health and well-being of humankind. Often stemming from clinical observations, the process of writing a proposal to investigate the problem, obtaining funding, conducting the study, and disseminating findings takes considerably longer than the expectations of productivity in grant funding and publishing manuscripts for faculty on a tenure track in academia. Application back into practice, which is the goal of research, and evaluation of improving patient care and outcomes take even longer. 
. PMID: 26679442 [PubMed - in process] (So...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Hammer MJ Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Text Messaging May Improve Abnormal Mammogram Follow-Up in Latinas.
CONCLUSIONS: This study successfully developed a text message that, in Latinas, may decrease the time from receipt of an abnormal mammogram report to attendance at a follow-up visit.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: This simple, low-cost approach could result in earlier detection of breast cancers, lowering morbidity and mortality among Latinas. PMID: 26679443 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Oakley-Girvan I, Londono C, Canchola A, Watkins Davis S Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Psychological Functioning, Post-Traumatic Growth, and Coping in Parents and Siblings of Adolescent Cancer Survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: Childhood and adolescent cancer affects survivors' siblings and parents in unique ways.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Relationship to the survivor, use of coping strategies, life satisfaction, and time since diagnosis affect family members' postcancer experiences. PMID: 26679444 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Turner-Sack AM, Menna R, Setchell SR, Maan C, Cataudella D Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Examining Differences in Opportunity and Eligibility for Cancer Clinical Trial Participation Based on Sociodemographic and Disease Characteristics.
CONCLUSIONS: Limited trial availability and ineligibility negatively influenced opportunity for CCT participation for all populations. Levels of under-representation for CCT participation likely vary within and across sociodemographic and disease characteristics, as well as across healthcare settings.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: The unique roles of nurse navigators and advanced practice nurses can be leveraged to increase opportunities for CCT participation for all populations. PMID: 26679445 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Rearden J, Hanlon AL, Ulrich C, Brooks-Carthon M, Sommers M Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Oncology Nursing Certification: Relation to Nurses' Knowledge and Attitudes About Pain, Patient-Reported Pain Care Quality, and Pain Outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: OCN®-certified nurses' knowledge and attitudes related to pain management were superior to noncertified nurses. Neither knowledge and attitudes nor OCN® status were associated with pain care quality or pain outcomes. 
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Knowledge is necessary but insufficient to improve patient outcomes; providing optimal pain care requires action. Sustained efforts to improve cancer pain management are indicated. PMID: 26679446 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Beck SL, Brant JM, Donohue R, Smith EM, Towsley G, Berry PH, Guo JW, Al-Qaaydeh S, Pett MA, Donaldson G Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Differences in Colorectal Cancer Risk Knowledge Among Alabamians: Screening Implications.
CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of general cancer risk factors may increase self-efficacy. In addition, individuals with increased knowledge of colorectal cancer risk factors were more likely to participate in CRC screening. 
. INTERPRETATION: Nurses play an instrumental role in addressing CRC, a preventable and treatable cancer. An opportunity exists for nurses and other healthcare providers to develop culturally appropriate educational interventions to increase knowledge related to CRC, risk factors, and screening, particularly among those who are at increased risk. This education needs to occur in clinical practice and wi...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Oliver JS, Ewell P, Nicholls K, Chapman K, Ford S Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Facilitating Shared Decision Making About Prostate Cancer Screening Among African American Men.
CONCLUSIONS: The intervention was successful in increasing knowledge and awareness of personal risks and providing tools to facilitate shared decision making with healthcare providers.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Nurses can play a meaningful role in collaborating with community lay leaders to develop and implement effective health promotion interventions for African Americans. PMID: 26679448 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Sandiford L, D'Errico EM Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Determinants of Physical Activity Maintenance in Breast Cancer Survivors After a Community-Based Intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: Baseline fatigue level and chronic musculoskeletal symptoms were significant determinants of PA maintenance in breast cancer survivors who had completed a community-based PA intervention. However, other key factors were considered.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Prior to participation in community-based PA interventions, clinicians should take into account the effects of high baseline fatigue levels and chronic musculoskeletal symptoms on potential PA maintenance, and consider additional assessments and support for BCSs to sustain their PA behavioral change.
. PMID: 26679449 [PubMed - in process] (S...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Lee CE, Szuck B, Lau YK Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Perceptions of Burnout, Its Prevention, and Its Effect on Patient Care as Described by Oncology Nurses in the Hospital Setting
.
CONCLUSIONS: As a result of the level of care needed by inpatients with cancer, the association between burnout experienced by nurses and how it can affect care is important to recognize. One such association identified was that a relationship existed between the nurses' interactions with patients' family, friends, or visitors and increased perceptions of burnout and depersonalization. As a result, nurses can experience increased burnout and act in a manner that lacks compassion because of emotional detachment.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: With extremely ill inpatients with cancer, nurses need to be able to manage hi...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Russell K Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Management of Individuals With a Mutation in the Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated Gene.
This article provides an overview of the role of mutations in the ATM gene in developing malignancies, along with emerging research on treatment implications based on genetic testing results.
. PMID: 26679451 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Mahon SM Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Global Cancer Disparities and the Need for New Initiatives.
Abstract The field of oncology is evolving at breakneck speed. Keeping up with the latest research findings, clinical best practices, and new chemotherapy agents is challenging, even with the help of the Internet. These oncologic advances, however, are far from uniformly available, and disturbing global disparities persist. In much of the world, a diagnosis of cancer remains a death sentence, and too many patients struggle to obtain access to screening, treatment, and basic symptom management. The harsh reality is that patients' chances of dying from cancer depends largely on where they live.  
. P...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: LeBaron VT Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Decision-Making Styles and Levels of Involvement Concerning Breast Reconstructive Surgery: An Israeli Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Nurses should assess patient decision-making styles to ensure maximum patient involvement in the decision-making process based on personal desires regardless of age.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Nurses working in breast cancer care must address the decision-making process of patients diagnosed with breast cancer, including the choice to undergo breast reconstruction after mastectomy. Nurses should understand the complex factors that influence a woman's decision-making style to best help with the decision. PMID: 26679453 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Kadmon I, Noy S, Billig A, Tzur T Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Cross-Cultural Communication in Oncology: Challenges and Training Interests.
CONCLUSIONS: The need for cross-cultural training is high among oncology clinicians, particularly among nurses.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: The results reported in the current study may help nurses in decision-making positions and educators in introducing elements of cross-cultural education into oncology curricula for nurses. Cross-cultural training should be offered to oncology nurses. PMID: 26679454 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Weber O, Sulstarova B, Singy P Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Young Adults' Perceptions of the Venturing Out Pack Program as a Tangible Cancer Support Service.
CONCLUSIONS: This program adds value to efforts to enhance cancer care for YAs. Integrating participants' recommendations contributes to the overarching goal of comprehensive person-centered care to an underserved segment of the cancer population.
. INTERPRETATION: The Vo-Pak program could be optimized by re-engaging healthcare professionals in its broader dissemination. Champions may be added to optimize the successful implementation of tangible support programs. YAs seem eager to connect with peers. The Vo-Pak can be instrumental in facilitating these connections and enabling these exchanges. PMID: 26679455 [...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Wazneh LM, Tsimicalis A, Loiselle CG Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Testicular Cancer Awareness and Screening Practices: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Very few men were informed about TC and TSE. Future studies should include valid and reliable tools to assess TC knowledge and screening, address the means through which TC knowledge is delivered, explore the individual's experience with TC screening, and focus on TC awareness and screening among minority groups. 
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Although regular screening for TC is a controversial issue, nurses should encourage young men to seek medical attention in the event of discovering scrotal abnormalities. PMID: 26679456 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 21, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Saab MM, Landers M, Hegarty J Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Clear as Glass.
Abstract Beginning with the first issue of 2016, the Oncology Nursing Forum (ONF) will join many other journals in publishing the contribution of each of the listed authors to the article. Why has this taken us so long? In part, this is an editorial decision, and I have always thought that nurses are honest and would not include anyone on a manuscript who had not contributed in a meaningful way to the writing of the manuscript. That belief has not changed. PMID: 26488827 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - October 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Katz A Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Glycosylated Hemoglobin A1c and Lack of Association With Symptom Severity in Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy for Solid Tumors.
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to evaluate for associations between diabetic states and symptom severity and QOL scores in patients receiving CTX. This study confirmed that older age, as well as having higher BMI and having multiple comorbidities, were associated with increased mean glycemic levels. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Clinicians should assess and identify patients with diabetes or prediabetes undergoing treatment for cancer. Patients who are older aged, those with a high BMI, and those with multiple comorbid conditions may be at increased risk for higher glycemic states. PMID: 26488828 [PubMed - in p...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - October 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Hammer MJ, Aouizerat BE, Schmidt BL, Cartwright F, Wright F, Miaskowski C Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

A Phenomenologic Study of Family Caregivers of Patients With Head and Neck Cancers.
CONCLUSIONS: Family caregivers of patients with HNCs play a fundamental role in the post-treatment phase of care, including meeting specific physical and psychosocial needs. Further investigation should explore the relationship between information needs and the experience of vigilance and fear. 
. INTERPRETATION: Nurses must include caregivers in physical and psychosocial plans of care. Balancing and meeting information needs of caregivers to avoid undue emotional stress and recognizing their support needs are valuable components of care. 
. PMID: 26488829 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - October 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Fronczek AE Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

The Teachable Moment After Cancer Diagnosis: Perceptions From Oncology Nurses.
CONCLUSIONS: Survivors are reported to be interested in receiving guidance concerning health behavior change during key teachable moments. Oncology nurses may need to initiate conversations with survivors, offer education regarding the benefits of positive health behavior change, and provide ongoing support throughout the cancer trajectory. 
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Oncology nurses may use findings from the current study to guide their health behavior change counseling with survivors. 
. PMID: 26488830 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - October 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Karvinen K, Bruner B, Truant T Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Physical Activity and Self-Rated Health Status Among Older Adult Cancer Survivors: Does Intensity of Activity Play a Role?
Abstract PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between routine physical activity and self-rated health status in older adults with cancer.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional.
. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adult survivors who completed a screening tool and subsequent detailed interview from the 2004 wave of the National Long-Term Care Survey, a nationally representative study of Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older.
. SAMPLE: 251 older adult cancer survivors who regularly engaged in routine physical activity.
. METHODS: Participants were asked about chronic health conditio...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - October 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Lee HY, Kim J, Merighi JR Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Interventions for Nurse-Related Barriers in Cancer Pain Management.
CONCLUSIONS: Increase in knowledge, change of attitudes and behaviors, and good relationships with specialists were found to be influential in overcoming existing nursing barriers to pain management in cancer survivors. Educational interventions are more effective in increasing knowledge than in improving attitudes. Specialists were acknowledged as important resources and role models for nurses, particularly when trust was established between the two. 
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: A number of interventions have been developed to address healthcare provider barriers. However, scarce literature exists on whether interv...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - October 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Bartoszczyk DA, Gilbertson-White S Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Feasibility of a Text Messaging Intervention to Promote Self-Management for Patients Prescribed Oral Anticancer Agents.
CONCLUSIONS: Proof of concept and preliminary efficacy of an mHealth intervention using texts to promote self-management for patients prescribed OAs was demonstrated. Patients had high satisfaction with the texts, and adherence and symptoms improved after the intervention.
. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Texts show promise for patients with cancer who must manage their OAs. Additional research is needed prior to use in practice.
. PMID: 26488833 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - October 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Spoelstra SL, Given CW, Sikorskii A, Coursaris CK, Majumder A, DeKoekkoek T, Schueller M, Given BA Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research