Pandemic Paradox.
Abstract The COVID-19 crisis continues. Worldwide, there have been roughly 6.3 million cases and 380,000 deaths. In the United States, at the time of this writing, there were 106,200 deaths. As life has changed on many fronts, some predictable effects of the pandemic have occurred, including socioeconomic hardships, social isolation, and political unease. Although the intensity of the need for effective treatments and a vaccine is ongoing, other issues have arisen that were not widely anticipated in the early days of the pandemic. Several of these consequences have brought a focus on issues that are at the heart o...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Lyon D Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Ethical Challenges Encountered by Clinical Trials Nurses: A Grounded Theory Study.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate the ethical challenges experienced by oncology clinical trials nurses (OCTNs) during the management of CTs and to examine how they resolve those conflicts. SAMPLE & SETTING: 12 licensed RNs who had been practicing as full- or part-time OCTNs for a minimum of two years at various academic medical centers in the United States. METHODS & VARIABLES: Classical grounded theory (CGT), an inductive methodology used to explore a social process in which little is known and to develop a theory grounded in the data, was used, in addition to CGT data analysis strate...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Forbes SG, Phillips CA Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Paving the Way: A Grounded Theory of Discovery and Decision Making for Individuals With the CDH1 Marker.
Abstract PURPOSE: To understand the process of discovery and decision making for adults with the CDH1 marker for hereditary diffuse gastric cancer and inherited breast cancer. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: Purposeful sampling included 20 participants. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: Grounded theory with constant comparison was used. FINDINGS: The decision-making process of Paving the Way addresses the challenges for individuals diagnosed with the CDH1 marker. The theory explains the process of learning the risk, discerning testing, choosing iterative individual interventions, and adjusting postoperatively ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Hersperger CL, Boucher J, Theroux R Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Comparing Interventions for Management of Hot Flashes in Patients With Breast and Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analyses.
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Hot flashes are common and bothersome in patients with breast and prostate cancer and can adversely affect patients' quality of life. LITERATURE SEARCH: Databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effects of one or more interventions for hot flashes in patients with a history of breast or prostate cancer. DATA EVALUATION: Outcomes of interest included changes in hot flash severity, hot flash frequency, quality of life, and harms. Pairwise meta-analyses and network meta-analyses were performed where feasible, with narrative synthesis used...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Hutton B, Hersi M, Cheng W, Pratt M, Barbeau P, Mazzarello S, Ahmadzai N, Skidmore B, Morgan SC, Bordeleau L, Ginex PK, Sadeghirad B, Morgan RL, Cole KM, Clemons M Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

ONS Guidelines ™ for Cancer Treatment-Related Hot Flashes in Women With Breast Cancer and Men With Prostate Cancer.
ONS Guidelines™ for Cancer Treatment-Related Hot Flashes in Women With Breast Cancer and Men With Prostate Cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2020 Jul 01;47(4):374-399 Authors: Kaplan M, Ginex PK, Michaud LB, Fernández-Ortega P, Leibelt J, Mahon S, Rapoport BL, Robinson V, Maloney C, Moriarty KA, Vrabel M, Morgan RL Abstract PURPOSE: Hot flashes are a common and troublesome side effect of surgery or endocrine therapy. They may lead to physical and psychological distress and negatively affect quality of life. This clinical practice guideline presents evidence-based recommendations for pharmacologic...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Kaplan M, Ginex PK, Michaud LB, Fernández-Ortega P, Leibelt J, Mahon S, Rapoport BL, Robinson V, Maloney C, Moriarty KA, Vrabel M, Morgan RL Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Causes and Consequences of Chemotherapy Delays in Ambulatory Oncology Practices: A Multisite Qualitative Study.
Abstract PURPOSE: In oncology, chemotherapy treatment delays potentially jeopardize patient safety and impede progress toward disease remission. The purpose of this study was to examine the causes and consequences of chemotherapy treatment delays and possible solutions to improve quality of care. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: The current authors selected a purposive sample of eight ambulatory oncology practices for ethnographic site visits, which lasted five days each. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: The authors conducted 290 observation hours, including clinician shadowing, and 46 semistructured interviews wit...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Lafferty M, Fauer A, Wright N, Manojlovich M, Friese CR Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

I'm Still Mom: Young Mothers Living With Advanced Breast Cancer.
This study provides a foundation for additional research that can inform family-centered education and interventions to help align the parenting priorities of this cohort of women, as well as optimize their quality of life. PMID: 32555556 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Lundquist DM, Berry DL, Boltz M, DeSanto-Madeya SA, Grace PJ Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Breast Cancer Survivors' Unmet Needs After Completion of Radiation Therapy Treatment.
Abstract PURPOSE: To identify the unmet needs of breast cancer survivors after radiation therapy. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: Patients who received radiation therapy for unilateral breast cancer with six months or longer of follow-up and exhibited no disease progression were eligible for selection to a study conducted at an outpatient radiation therapy academic practice in the southeastern United States. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: A qualitative descriptive study was undertaken using semistructured interviews, framed by the five domains of the Survivor Unmet Needs Survey and analyzed using an iterative in...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Pembroke M, Bradley J, Nemeth LS Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Interventions for Managing a Symptom Cluster of Pain, Fatigue, and Sleep Disturbances During Cancer Survivorship: A Systematic Review.
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: More than 40% of cancer survivors experience a symptom cluster of pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbances, which can greatly reduce quality of life. LITERATURE SEARCH: A literature search was performed using CINAHL®, Google ScholarTM, PubMed®, PsycINFO®, and Web of Science. Articles included randomized controlled trials of interventions aimed at managing a symptom cluster of pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbances. DATA EVALUATION: 11 studies were assessed for quality, risk of bias, cancer type, sample size, intervention type, duration, and setting. For an interve...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Sheikh-Wu SF, Downs CA, Anglade D Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

The Ecology of Patients' Sexual Health Adjustment After Prostate Cancer Treatment: The Influence of the Social and Healthcare Environment.
Abstract PURPOSE: Little empirical research identifies environmental influences on sexual recovery of men with prostate cancer. This secondary qualitative analysis aimed to describe the role of the patients' environment on their sexual recovery process following prostate cancer surgery. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: Transcripts of interviews with 8 heterosexual men were randomly selected and analyzed from a sample of 18 at three months postprostatectomy. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: The study was based on the social ecological model. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was applied to examine environment...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Smith A, Wittmann D, Arnault D Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Perspectives of Inpatients With Cancer on Engagement in Fall Prevention.
Abstract PURPOSE: To explore perspectives of hospitalized adults with cancer regarding engagement in fall prevention plans. The primary aim was to discover new knowledge about patients' perspectives and improve the design of fall prevention strategies. A secondary aim was to compare fall-related perspectives of patients who had and who had not fallen. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: 30 inpatients with cancer at a teaching hospital in a statewide academic health system in the midwestern United States. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: A descriptive exploratory approach framed qualitative data collection through inte...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - June 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Twibell KR, Siela D, Delaney L, Avila P, Spradlin AM, Coers G Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Perceptions of Clinical Trial Participation Among Women of Varying Health Literacy Levels.
Abstract PURPOSE: To understand the perceptions of risk, benefit, and the informed consent process after enrolling in and completing a phase 2 clinical trial using intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) for early-stage breast cancer, and to determine how perceptions varied based on women's health literacy levels. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: 20 participants who had already completed a phase 2 IORT clinical trial for early-stage breast cancer at an academic medical center. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted using structured interviews consisting of questions aimed to ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Burks AC, Doede A, Showalter SL, Keim-Malpass J Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Assessment of a Structured Self-Management Support Intervention by Nurses for Patients With Incurable Cancer.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To gain an understanding of the perceptions of patients with incurable cancer regarding a new nurse-led self-management support intervention with an integrated eHealth application (Oncokompas) and its potential effectiveness. SAMPLE & SETTING: 36 patients receiving support in the home setting. METHODS & VARIABLES: A pre- and post-test mixed-methods design was used with a period of 12 weeks between the tests and qualitative interviews. Outcome measures were the perceived application of the intervention, patient satisfaction, patient activation, and quality of life. ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: de Veer AJE, Slev VN, Pasman HR, Verdonck-de Leeuw IM, Francke AL, van Uden-Kraan CF Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

COVID-19, Cancer, and Financial Toxicity.
Abstract When I first started this editorial in early March, I was writing from my usual coffee shop location, and the media was starting to focus on COVID-19. The incidence of the virus was increasing across the world, and the word "pandemic"-although debated passionately at the time-was beginning to gain traction. All signs pointed to a disruption; however, the scale of that change has exceeded what most of us could have imagined in early March. Now, millions of Americans and people around the world are in self-isolation, quarantine, or lockdown. There have been roughly 1.4 million cases of COVID-19 an...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Lyon D Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Health Literacy and Illness Self-Care Management in Turkish Patients With Cancer.
ildiz S Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between health literacy and illness self-care management in individuals with cancer. SAMPLE & SETTING: 207 individuals with cancer undergoing treatment in the chemotherapy unit of a university hospital in Istanbul, Turkey. METHODS & VARIABLES: Data were collected using a sociodemographic and illness characteristics questionnaire, the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire-Turkish Version (HLS-EU-Q-TR), and the Self-Care Management Process in Chronic Illness. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-way analysis ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: İlhan N, Gencer S, Özdemir Ö, Maviyildiz S Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

The Role of Cognitive Appraisal in Quality of Life Over Time in Patients With Cancer.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To better understand how personal factors, contextual factors, and cognitive appraisals predict quality of life. SAMPLE & SETTING: 81 patients with a new diagnosis of cancer were recruited from two oncologists' offices in the midwestern United States. METHODS & VARIABLES: A longitudinal design was used to collect data at three time points. RESULTS: Individuals identified a variety of primary appraisals at the same time and more consistently identified their cancer as a challenge rather than a harm/loss or a threat. The greatest variation in appraisals and quality...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Kessler TA Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Response to "Built and Natural Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Physical Activity in Rural, Suburban, and Small Urban Neighborhoods".
Response to "Built and Natural Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Physical Activity in Rural, Suburban, and Small Urban Neighborhoods". Oncol Nurs Forum. 2020 May 01;47(3):255-256 Authors: Figuracion KCF Abstract DeGuzman et al. (2019) should be commended for their article "Built and Natural Environment Barriers and Facilitators to Physical Activity in Rural, Suburban, and Small Urban Neighborhoods." The work is a meaningful contribution to the oncology field, given the health disparity among patients with cancer living in rural and suburban communities. Nurses need to be par...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Figuracion KCF Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

A Qualitative Exploration of Prostate Cancer Survivors Experiencing Psychological Distress: Loss of Self, Function, Connection, and Control.
Abstract PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of men with prostate cancer identified as having psychological distress and to identify factors influencing distress. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: 28 men with prostate cancer diagnosed 18-42 months earlier, identified as having psychological distress on survey measures. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted. Thematic analysis using a framework approach was used. FINDINGS: Men with psychological distress had strong perceptions of loss toward self (identity, sexuality/masculinity, self-confidence), function (physical a...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Matheson L, Nayoan J, Rivas C, Brett J, Wright P, Butcher H, Gavin A, Glaser A, Watson E, Wagland R Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Effect of Exercise Interventions on Quality of Life in Patients With Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Improving quality of life (QOL) is a key issue for patients with lung cancer. Exercise interventions could positively affect patients' QOL; however, there is no clear-cut understanding of the role of exercise in improving QOL in patients with lung cancer. LITERATURE SEARCH: The PubMed®, Embase®, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science electronic databases were searched from inception to September 6, 2019. DATA EVALUATION: 16 randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria. A qualitative synthesis method was used to identify the effect of exercise intervention...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Ma RC, Yin YY, Liu X, Wang YQ, Xie J Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

After Ringing the Bell: Receptivity of and Preferences for Healthy Behaviors in African American Dyads Surviving Lung Cancer.
Abstract PURPOSE: To explore receptivity of and preferences for risk-reducing health behavior changes among African American survivors of early-stage lung cancer and their family members. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: 26 African American non-small cell lung cancer survivor-family member dyads were recruited from two cancer programs in the southeastern United States. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: Social cognitive theory principles guided the design and implementation of focus groups. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data, and thematic analysis was used to interpret the transcripts from the foc...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: McDonnell KK, Owens OL, Hilfinger Messias DK, Friedman DB, Newsome BR, Campbell King C, Jenerette C, Webb LA Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

A Qualitative Cultural Sensitivity Assessment of the Breathe Easier Mobile Application for Lung Cancer Survivors and Their Families.
Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the cultural sensitivity of the Breathe Easier mobile health application for African American lung cancer survivors and their families. Breathe Easier is an intervention designed to teach strategies to combat symptoms related to lung cancer. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: 12 African American lung cancer survivors and their family members were recruited from an American College of Surgeons-approved cancer program in South Carolina. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: Participants completed in-depth interviews, which were guided by the Cultural Sensitivity Assessment Tool and the Cultural...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Owens OL, Smith KN, Beer JM, Gallerani DG, McDonnell KK Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Acceptability of a Dyadic Psychoeducational Intervention for Patients and Caregivers.
Abstract PURPOSE: To assess participants' acceptability of the FOCUS program, a psychoeducational intervention, delivered to multiple patient-caregiver dyads in a small-group format. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: A total of 72 adults diagnosed with cancer and their caregivers (36 dyads) who participated in 1 of 11 FOCUS programs delivered at two Cancer Support Community affiliates. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: A pre-/postintervention design was used to implement the FOCUS program. The FOCUS Satisfaction Instrument measured participants' satisfaction with the program, usefulness of the materials, helpfulness ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Titler MG, Shuman C, Dockham B, Harris M, Northouse L Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Surface Contamination With Antineoplastic Drugs on Two Inpatient Oncology Units.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To measure surface contamination with antineoplastic drugs on inpatient oncology units and to characterize nursing staff personal protective equipment (PPE) use and factors that predict this use. SAMPLE & SETTING: A descriptive pilot study of two inpatient oncology units at Duke University Hospital in Durham, North Carolina, administering etoposide and cyclophosphamide. METHODS & VARIABLES: Surfaces in four patient rooms and select shared areas were swabbed with methanol, acetonitrile, and water. Samples were analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry....
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - April 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Walton A, Bush MA, Douglas C, Allen DH, Polovich M, Spasojevic I Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Israeli Nurses' Palliative Care Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors, and Practices.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare self-perceived end-of-life (EOL) knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and practices of intensive care unit (ICU) nurses compared to oncology nurses. SAMPLE & SETTING: 126 Israeli nurses (79 oncology nurses and 47 ICU nurses) who were members of the Israel Association of Cardiology and Critical Care Nurses and the Israeli Oncology Nurses Organization. METHODS & VARIABLES: This cross-sectional study used an online survey to gather demographic information, clinical setting, and study measures (EOL knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and practices). ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Scheinberg-Andrews C, Ganz FD Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Microbial Growth on the Nails of Direct Patient Care Nurses Wearing Nail Polish.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine whether nurses wearing nail polish pose a greater infection risk to patients than nurses who are not wearing nail polish. SAMPLE & SETTING: 89 direct patient care oncology nurses at a large midwestern National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center. METHODS & VARIABLES: The investigators assigned participants' three middle fingers of their dominant hand to three groups. RESULTS: Comparison of colony-forming units revealed that one-day-old polish exhibited fewer gram-positive microorganisms than the unpolished nail (p = 0.04). The fou...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Blackburn L, Acree K, Bartley J, DiGiannantoni E, Renner E, Sinnott LT Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Racial Differences in Pain Management for Patients Receiving Hospice Care.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate racial differences in implementation of 11 evidence-based cancer pain management strategies in a matched sample of patients in hospice. SAMPLE & SETTING: 32 African American and 32 Caucasian American older adults (aged 65 years or older) with cancer pain receiving hospice care in the midwestern United States. METHODS & VARIABLES: Matched cohort secondary data analysis of postintervention data in a cluster randomized controlled trial was used. Main outcomes are the summative and individual Cancer Pain Practice Index scores. RESULTS: There were few s...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Booker SQ, Herr KA, Wilson Garvan C Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Climate Change Should Be on Every Nursing Research Agenda.
Abstract Human-caused climate change is a global emergency, and its harms are predicted to increase exponentially in the coming years, particularly if unsustainable practices continue unmitigated. Adverse effects of climate change on communities affected by or at risk for cancer, such as frail older adults, are already measurable and deadly. If nurse scientists continue to ignore these realities, more people are likely to suffer and die as a result. The purpose of this critical reflection is to discuss the vital necessity of including climate change in the research agenda of the Oncology Nursing Society and all nu...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Walker RK, Pereira-Morales S, Kerr R, Schenk E Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

2020: A Time for Contemplation and Action.
Abstract Depending on which interpretation of the Gregorian and other calendars that you may believe to be the most accurate, the new decade either began on January 1, 2020, or will begin January 1, 2021. In any case, the contemplation of decades and time passing offers a time for appraisal and reflection, a chance to step outside of the day-to-day routines to consider less urgent, and perhaps more important issues that we will face in the near future. PMID: 32078611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Lyon D Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Preparing Oncology Advanced Practice RNs as Generalists in Palliative Care.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To train and support oncology advanced practice RNs (APRNs) to become generalist providers of palliative care. SAMPLE & SETTING: APRNs with master's or doctor of nursing practice degrees and at least five years of experience in oncology (N = 165) attended a National Cancer Institute-funded national training course and participated in ongoing support and education. METHODS & VARIABLES: Course participants completed a precourse, postcourse, and six-month follow-up evaluation regarding palliative care practices in their settings, course evaluation, and their perceived ef...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Ferrell B, Malloy P, Virani R, Economou D, Mazanec P Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Barriers and Facilitators to Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening in Somali Immigrant Women: An Integrative Review.
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Somali immigrant women access breast and cervical cancer screenings at a significantly lower rate than other women in the United States and face unique barriers and facilitators to cancer screening. LITERATURE SEARCH: A literature search was performed using CINAHL®, PubMed®, EBSCOhost, PsycINFO®, MEDLINE®, and Google ScholarTM. Articles included qualitative studies that explored the barriers and facilitators to breast and cervical cancer screening in Somali immigrant women. DATA EVALUATION: 10 articles were summarized using a standardized data matrix. Evid...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Huhmann K Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Evaluating the Feasibility of a Nurse-Driven Telephone Triage Intervention for Patients With Cancer in the Ambulatory Setting.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility of a nurse-driven telephone triage intervention to improve the symptom experience of patients with cancer receiving treatment in the ambulatory setting. SAMPLE & SETTING: 90 patients in three ambulatory centers (breast, head and neck, and sarcoma) receiving active treatment at a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center. METHODS & VARIABLES: Patients received 4-18 triage calls from a nurse during a period of as many as six months dependent on their diagnosis and treatment. Feasibility was defined as the completion of 7...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Jernigan C, Johnson T, Varghese S, Fellman B Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers for Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: A lack of testing options for the diagnosis and prognosis of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a barrier to clinical management. Studies that have investigated the role of blood proteins as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for cGVHD were reviewed. LITERATURE SEARCH: PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for articles published from January 1, 2000, to May 31, 2019. 660 articles were retrieved. DATA EVALUATION: The authors appraised seven articles based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria to summarize identified blood protein biomarkers for cGVHD. ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Kalariya N, Bowe C, Dains JE Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Experiences and Needs of African American Children and Adolescents in Supportive Care Roles for a Relative With Breast Cancer.
Abstract PURPOSE: To explore the experiences and needs of African American (AA) children and adolescents who were identified by a cancer survivor in their family as providing substantial supportive care during diagnosis and treatment. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: 5 AA young adults who provided care and support to a family member with cancer when they were aged 7-19 years and 4 cancer survivors from a northeastern U.S. city. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: Focus groups and interviews were conducted, recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using content analysis until thematic saturation was reached. FINDINGS: ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Lally RM, Hydeman J, Brooks C, Akter H, Yoerg MT Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Common and Co-Occurring Symptoms Experienced by Patients With Gastric Cancer.
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Patients with gastric cancer experience multiple disease- and treatment-related symptoms. The purpose of this review was to describe the common and co-occurring symptoms experienced by patients with gastric cancer. LITERATURE SEARCH: Search terms, such as gastric cancer, symptoms, and experience, were used to search PubMed®, CINAHL®, and PsycINFO® for empirical papers published from January 1990 to July 2019. DATA EVALUATION: The search yielded 1,259 articles; 25 studies (21 observational and 4 interventional) were included in this review. Each study was syste...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Lin Y, Docherty SL, Porter LS, Bailey DE Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Pilot Feasibility Study Examining Pupillary Response During Driving Simulation as a Measure of Cognitive Load in Breast Cancer Survivors.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To test the feasibility of adding driving simulation tasks to measure visuospatial ability and processing speed to an existing neurocognitive battery for breast cancer survivors (BCSs). SAMPLE & SETTING: 38 BCSs and 17 healthy controls from a cross-sectional pilot study conducted at the University of Kansas Medical Center. METHODS & VARIABLES: Exploratory substudy measuring pupillary response, visuospatial ability, and processing speed during two 10-minute driving simulations (with or without n-back testing) in a sample of BCSs with self-reported cognitive complaints ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Myers JS, Alissa N, Mitchell M, Dai J, He J, Moon S, O'Dea A, Klemp J, Kurylo M, Akinwuntan A, Devos H Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

2020 ONS Congress Podium Abstracts.
Authors: Abstract Each abstract has been indexed according to first author. Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum's review process. Only abstracts that will be presented appear here. For Congress scheduling information, visit congress.ons.org or check the Congress guide. Data published in abstracts presented at the ONS 45th Annual Congress are embargoed until the conclusion of the presentation. Coverage and/or distribution of an abstract, poster, or any of its supplemental material to or by the news media, any commercial entity, or individuals, includ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

The Oncology Nursing Specialty.
Authors: Abstract The oncology nursing specialty seeks to reduce the risks, incidence, and burden of cancer by encouraging healthy lifestyles, promoting early detection, improving the management of cancer symptoms and side effects throughout the disease trajectory, and leading the coordination of complex care needs. PMID: 32078620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Oncology Nursing Forum)
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

2020 ONS Congress Poster Abstracts.
Authors: Abstract Each abstract has been indexed according to first author. Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum's review process. Only abstracts that will be presented appear here. For Congress scheduling information, visit congress.ons.org or check the Congress guide. Data published in abstracts presented at the ONS 45th Annual Congress are embargoed until the conclusion of the presentation. Coverage and/or distribution of an abstract, poster, or any of its supplemental material to or by the news media, any commercial entity, or individuals, includ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - February 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Assessing Discrepancies in Neurocognitive and Patient-Reported Measures of Brain Tumor Survivors.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between performance-based neurocognitive and patient-reported cognitive function tests and identify characteristics that may explain observed discrepancies as a means to advance intervention development. SAMPLE & SETTING: 40 adults diagnosed with a primary brain tumor (PBT) (high-grade, n = 35) were recruited from two academic neuro-oncology clinics in North Carolina. METHODS & VARIABLES: Eligibility included a Mini-Mental State Examination score of 24 or greater, having completed cancer treatment, and having tumor stability. Participants co...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Allen D, Carlson BW, Carlson JR, Raynor RH, Neelon VJ Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

The THRIVE © Program: Building Oncology Nurse Resilience Through Self-Care Strategies.
The THRIVE© Program: Building Oncology Nurse Resilience Through Self-Care Strategies. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2020 Jan 01;47(1):E25-E34 Authors: Blackburn LM, Thompson K, Frankenfield R, Harding A, Lindsey A Abstract OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence-based program for addressing the concerns of burnout and secondary trauma and building on the concept of resilience in oncology healthcare providers. SAMPLE & SETTING: 164 oncology staff, of which 160 were nurses, at the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute in Columbus, Ohio. METHODS & VARIABLE...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Blackburn LM, Thompson K, Frankenfield R, Harding A, Lindsey A Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Health Literacy in Adult Oncology: An Integrative Review.
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Patients with cancer face high expectations for performing health literacy activities necessary for self-management and decision making, but only 12% of adults in the United States are proficient in health literacy. This review explores evidence regarding what is known about functional, interactive, and critical health literacy in adult oncology populations. LITERATURE SEARCH: The review was conducted by searching extensively in the CINAHL® Plus database. DATA EVALUATION: Of 614 articles retrieved from the literature search, 22 were included in the final sample. Most ...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Kieffer Campbell J Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Effects of a Mindfulness Intervention on Hospitalized Patients With Hematologic Malignancies and Their Caregivers.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a mind-body intervention on the psychological distress of hospitalized patients with hematologic malignancies and their caregivers. SAMPLE & SETTING: 29 patients with hematologic malignancies and 5 caregivers were recruited from the bone marrow transplantation unit at Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri. METHODS & VARIABLES: After completing the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSCL) to rate their levels of psychological and physiologic distress and quality of life, participants were taught a mindfulness activity. Two weeks postinterven...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Compernolle MC, Sledge JA Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Moving Forward, Together.
Abstract This past summer, while attending a genetics conference in Bar Harbor, Maine, I was informed that I would be the incoming editor of the Oncology Nursing Forum (ONF). Since then, I have tried to coalesce my thoughts to write my first editorial. Bar Harbor in July is as idyllic a setting for musings as one could hope for. Even so, I was finding it difficult to express my gratitude for this opportunity to provide stewardship to ONF, one of the premier journals in the field of oncology nursing and an important part of the history of the Oncology Nursing Society. PMID: 31845914 [PubMed - in process] (Sour...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Lyon D Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Development and Psychometric Properties of the Self-Blame Attributions for Cancer Scale.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To adapt the Cardiac Self-Blame Attributions Scale into the Self-Blame Attributions for Cancer Scale (SBAC) for use in patients with cancer and analyze its psychometric properties. SAMPLE & SETTING: 113 patients receiving radiation therapy at the University of Kansas Cancer Center. METHODS & VARIABLES: The SBAC and other self-report measures were administered during outpatient oncology appointments for radiation therapy to establish the psychometric properties of the SBAC. RESULTS: A two-factor structure represented behavioral and characterological self-blame att...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Eways KR, Bennett KK, Hamilton JL, Harry KM, Marszalek J, Marsh MO, Wilson EJ Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Barriers and Facilitators to Cancer Screening Among LGBTQ Individuals With Cancer.
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Cancer screening may reduce mortality and frequency of the disease. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer (LGBTQ) individuals are less likely than non-LGBTQ individuals to present for cancer screening. LITERATURE SEARCH: A literature search was performed using CINAHL®, PsycINFO®, and PubMed®. Articles were included if they were published in English from 2008 to 2018 and addressed barriers or facilitators to cancer screening in LGBTQ populations. DATA EVALUATION: Data were organized by thematic matrix and classified according to the multilevel influence...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Haviland KS, Swette S, Kelechi T, Mueller M Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Mental Illness and BRCA1/2 Genetic Testing Intention Among Multiethnic Women Undergoing Screening Mammography.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between patient-reported mental illness diagnosis and symptoms and BRCA1/2 genetic testing intention among women undergoing screening mammography. SAMPLE & SETTING: 100 multiethnic women of lower socioeconomic status who were undergoing mammography screening and met family history criteria for BRCA1/2 genetic testing. METHODS & VARIABLES: Descriptive and bivariate nonparametric statistics and multivariate logistic regression were used to examine associations between mental illness and genetic testing intention. Variables were anxiety, depressio...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Jones T, Freeman K, Ackerman M, Trivedi MS, Silverman T, Shapiro P, Kukafka R, Crew KD Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Symptom Clusters in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Latent Class Profile Analysis.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To identify symptom clusters in breast cancer survivors and to determine sociodemographic and clinical characteristics influencing symptom cluster membership. SAMPLE & SETTING: The authors performed a cross-sectional secondary analysis of data obtained from a community-based cancer registry-linked survey with 1,500 breast cancer survivors 6-13 months following a breast cancer diagnosis. METHODS & VARIABLES: Symptom clusters were identified using latent class profile analysis of four patient-reported symptoms (pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and depression) with cust...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Lee L, Ross A, Griffith K, Jensen RE, Wallen GR Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Instruments to Evaluate Self-Management of Radiation Dermatitis in Patients With Breast Cancer.
Abstract PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Radiation dermatitis (RD) is an expected side effect of radiation to the breast and chest wall. Healthcare providers routinely grade the severity of RD without assessing its impact on quality of life for patients with breast cancer. Instruments are needed to identify a patient's ability and confidence to self-manage RD. LITERATURE SEARCH: A search was conducted of published literature from 2001 to 2018 that included patients who had received radiation therapy for breast cancer. A validated instrument was used to assess RD. DATA EVALUATION: Eleven instruments were identifi...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Pembroke M, Nemeth LS Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Attitudes and Beliefs of Older Female Breast Cancer Survivors and Providers About Exercise in Cancer Care.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To understand breast cancer survivors' and providers' attitudes and beliefs regarding exercise counseling and structured exercise programs within cancer care. SAMPLE & SETTING: 61 female breast cancer survivors and 11 breast cancer providers from a university cancer center in the Pacific Northwest. METHODS & VARIABLES: Survivors completed anonymous self-report surveys, and providers participated in semistructured interviews. Survey data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and interview transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS:...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Perry CK, Ali W, Solanki E, Winters-Stone K Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

ONS Staffing Position Statement: Ambulatory Treatment Centers.
Abstract Appropriate nurse staffing levels contribute to the delivery of safe quality care and optimal patient outcomes. However, developing nurse staffing models, particularly in the ambulatory setting, is an ongoing challenge. Within this position statement, the term ambulatory setting includes infusion centers that provide treatment to patients with cancer, including non-chemotherapy treatment centers (e.g., blood products) and radiation therapy treatment centers. These settings share commonalities, including rapid turnover of patients and the administration of some type of treatment or intervention. Nurse staf...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - December 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Society O Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research