Body Mass Index and Risk for Severe COVID-19 among Veterans Health Administration Patients.
CONCLUSION: Odds for severe outcomes with COVID-19 infection increased with increasing BMI for people with, but not without obesity. This non-linear relationship should be tested in future research. COVID-19 public health messages in VHA, and broadly, should incorporate information about risks associated with all classes of obesity, particularly for those under age 75. PMID: 33403755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - January 5, 2021 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Breland JY, Wong MS, Steers WN, Yuan AH, Haderlein TP, Washington DL Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Executive Function and BMI Trajectories Among Rural, Poor Youth at High Risk for Obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite increased obesity risk among this sample, the majority of youth exhibited higher EF and some degree of obesity resilience. Youth with EF deficits displayed the greatest risk for severe obesity but had differing BMI trajectories and obesity risk profiles, which has implications for obesity intervention. PMID: 33369183 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - December 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rollins BY, Riggs NR, Francis LA, Blair CB Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Toward a Routine Assessment of Visceral Adipose Tissue Volume from Computed Tomographic Data.
CONCLUSIONS: VVAT-T can be rapidly estimated by VAT segmentation of axial CT sections at sex-specific lumbar intervertebral disc spaces. PMID: 33369246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - December 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Schaudinn A, Hudak A, Linder N, Reinhardt M, Stocker G, Lordick F, Denecke T, Busse H Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Talabostat Alleviates Obesity and Associated Metabolic Dysfunction via Suppression of Macrophage-Driven Adipose Inflammation.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that TB at a low dose could increase energy expenditure and control ATM-mediated adipose inflammation in obese mice, thereby alleviating obesity and its associated metabolic dysfunction. PMID: 33342076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - December 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wu Y, Shi T, Wang J, He R Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Completeness of Intervention Reporting of Clinical Trials Published in Highly Ranked Obesity Journals.
CONCLUSIONS: Urgent intervention is warranted to improve the quality of research reporting in obesity research, which is a fundamental component of obesity management. This will likely require a unified approach from researchers, journals, and funding sources. PMID: 33340283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - December 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rauh SL, Turner D, Jellison S, Allison DB, Fugate C, Foote G, Vassar M Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Body mass index (BMI) and outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 among US veterans.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Examine the associations of BMI with testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 and risk of adverse outcomes in a cohort of Veterans Affairs enrollees. METHOD: Adjusted relative risks/hazard ratios were calculated for the associations between BMI category (underweight, normal-weight, overweight, class 1 obesity, class 2 obesity, and class 3 obesity) and testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 or experiencing hospitalization, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, mechanical ventilation, and death among those testing positive. RESULTS: Higher BMI categories were associated with higher risk of a positive SA...
Source: Obesity - December 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Eastment MC, Berry K, Locke E, Green P, O'Hare A, Crothers K, Dominitz J, Fan VS, Shah JA, Ioannou GN Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Midlife Obesity Impairs Neurovascular Coupling Responses.
PMID: 33280232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - December 5, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tarantini S, Csiszar A, Ungvari Z Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Familial Obesity Risk and Current Excess Weight Influence Brain Structure in Adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Familial obesity risk and current obesity/overweight were associated with overlapping and distinct patterns of brain structure alterations. Longitudinal studies are warranted to investigate whether structural changes associated with familial obesity risk predict future weight trajectories. PMID: 33280265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - December 5, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Thapaliya G, Chen L, Jansen E, Smith KR, Sadler JR, Benson L, Papantoni A, Carnell S Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Maternal GDM Status, Genetically Determined Blood Glucose, and Offspring Obesity Risk: An Observational Study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the associations of genetically determined maternal blood glucose levels with obesity-related outcomes among children from pregnancies with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A total of 1,114 mothers with (N = 560) and without (N = 554) GDM and their children were included in the present study. A maternal genetic risk score (GRS) for blood glucose was constructed on the basis of 17 single-nucleotide polymorphisms identified from a recent genome-wide association study. RESULTS: It was found tha...
Source: Obesity - December 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Song Q, Wang L, Liu H, Liang Z, Chen Y, Sun D, Li W, Leng J, Yang X, Cardoso MA, Hu G, Qi L Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Pathways to Severe COVID-19 for People with Obesity.
Abstract Increased morbidity and mortality from SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in people with obesity has illuminated the intersection of obesity with impaired responses to infections. While data is being rapidly generated on mechanisms by which COVID-19 impacts health, there is a critical need to better understand the pulmonary, vascular, metabolic, and immunologic aspects that drive the increased risk for complications from COVID-19 in people with obesity. In this review, we provide a broad overview of the intersection between COVID-19 and physiology of obesity to highlight potential mechanisms by whi...
Source: Obesity - December 3, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: O'Rourke RW, Lumeng CN Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Leptin and Adiponectin Concentrations Independently Predict Future Accumulation of Visceral Fat in Nondiabetic Japanese Americans.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Whether leptin and adiponectin are independently associated with regional body fat distribution was investigated in a prospective study of Japanese Americans. METHODS: Nondiabetic participants 39 to 79 years of age were followed for 5 years to assess change in body composition. Leptin and adiponectin concentrations were evaluated at baseline and by single-slice computed tomography measurements of intra-abdominal fat (IAF), abdominal subcutaneous fat (SCF), and thigh SCF cross-sectional areas at baseline and at 5 years. RESULTS: Ninety-six men and ninety-five women without diabetes had...
Source: Obesity - December 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Song SO, Han SJ, Kahn SE, Leonetti DL, Fujimoto WY, Boyko EJ Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Upper Paleolithic Figurines Showing Women with Obesity may Represent Survival Symbols of Climatic Change.
Abstract Figurines of women with obesity or who are pregnant ("Venus figurines") from Upper Paleolithic Europe rank among the earliest art and endured from 38,000 to 14,000 BP (before present), one of the most arduous climatic periods in human history. We propose that the Venus representation relates to human adaptation to climate change. During this period, humans faced advancing glaciers and falling temperatures that led to nutritional stress, regional extinctions, and a reduction in the population. We analyzed Paleolithic figurines of women with obesity to test whether the more obese figurines are fro...
Source: Obesity - December 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Johnson RJ, Lanaspa MA, Fox JW Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Visceral adiposity elevates the risk of critical condition in COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
i P, Szentesi A Abstract OBJECTIVE: A higher body mass index (BMI) has become acknowledged as one of the important risk factors for developing critical condition in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In addition to BMI, body composition, particularly visceral adiposity, might be an even more accurate measure to stratify patients. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association between the distributions of CT-quantified fat mass and critical condition of patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in five databases for studies published until 17th November 2020. In the meta-analysis, w...
Source: Obesity - December 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Földi M, Farkas N, Kiss S, Dembrovszky F, Szakács Z, Balaskó M, Erőss B, Hegyi P, Szentesi A Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Effectiveness and Safety of Bariatric Surgery in Patients with End-Stage Chronic Kidney Disease or Kidney Transplant.
CONCLUSIONS: Bariatric surgery yields significant weight loss in patients with ECKD that improves patients' chances of accessing a transplant but does not guarantee it; however, the risk for complications and death is higher than in other patients. After transplantation, bariatric surgery-induced weight loss appeared to positively impact the function of the grafted kidney, but careful monitoring of immunosuppressant medications is required. PMID: 33230959 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Guggino J, Coumes S, Wion N, Reche F, Arvieux C, Borel AL Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Can Metabolic Surgery Be Used to Improve Access to and Outcomes of Kidney Transplantation?
PMID: 33230960 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Martin WP, le Roux CW Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Influence of Weight Loss on Obesity-Associated Complications After Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery in Adolescents.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Following metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS), most adolescents experience weight loss and improvement of many obesity-associated complications (OACs). The relationship between weight loss and remission of OACs after MBS in adolescents has not been well described. METHODS: The Teen Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (Teen-LABS) is a multi-institutional prospective observational study of adolescents who underwent MBS between 2007 and 2012. Lower-weight-loss responders (LWLRs) were defined as having
Source: Obesity - November 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Derderian SC, Patten L, Kaizer AM, Moore JM, Ogle S, Jenkins TM, Michalsky MP, Mitchell JE, Bjornstad P, Dixon JB, Inge TH Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Association Between Ketosis and Changes in Appetite Markers with Weight Loss Following a Very Low-Energy Diet.
CONCLUSIONS: βHB plasma concentration in fasting is associated with lower concentrations of the hunger hormone ghrelin and increased concentrations of the satiety hormones GLP-1 and CCK. Future studies should explore the molecular mechanisms by which βHB modulates the secretion of gut hormones. PMID: 33230962 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Martins C, Nymo S, Truby H, Rehfeld JF, Hunter GR, Gower BA Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Call to Action: Obesity is Visible to Stigmatize but Invisible to Treat Despite Documentation in the Electronic Health Record.
PMID: 33230963 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Istfan NW, Apovian CM Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Changes in Cardiovascular Risk Factors Over 6 Years in Young Adults in a Randomized Trial of Weight Gain Prevention.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite participation in a weight gain prevention trial, almost half of these young adults gained ≥5% or more over 6 years, with significant worsening in CVD risk factors. Greater attention to long-term weight gain prevention in young adults is needed. PMID: 33230964 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wing RR, Espeland MA, Tate DF, Perdue LH, Bahnson J, Polzien K, Ferguson Robichaud E, LaRose JG, Gorin AA, Lewis CE, Jelalian E, Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention Research Group Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Have We Disregarded Resistance Exercise for the Prevention of Postbariatric Surgery Weight and Comorbidities Relapse?
PMID: 33230965 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Fonseca H, Oliveira J Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Correlation of Telomere Length in Adipose Tissue and Leukocytes and its Association with Postsurgical Weight Loss.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between telomere length (TL) in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissues (VAT), and leukocytes, as well as to examine the associations of TL in these tissues with postsurgical weight loss in Asians with severe obesity. METHODS: Presurgery TL was measured in leukocytes, SAT, and VAT of 91 patients who underwent weight loss surgery. Correlation between TL in multiple tissues was assessed using Pearson correlation. The association of presurgery TL and postsurgical weight loss at 6 or 12 months, expressed as a percentag...
Source: Obesity - November 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gurung RL, M Y, Moh AMC, Dorajoo R, Liu S, Liu JJ, Shabbir A, So JBY, Tan CH, Cheng AKS, Lim SC Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Oxytocin Administration Increases Proactive Control in Men with Overweight or Obesity: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Crossover Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Oxytocin triggers increased proactive control over behavior. Future studies need to further characterize the impact of oxytocin on cognitive control and investigate its potential role in the anorexigenic effects of oxytocin in human obesity. PMID: 33225615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Plessow F, Marengi DA, Perry SK, Lawson EA Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

The Role of Early and Later Response on Overall Outcomes in School-Based Obesity Intervention.
This study examined the relationship between weight-related changes that occurred early and later during an intervention and the association between these changes with overall outcomes. METHODS: A secondary analysis of a school-based obesity intervention with replicated efficacy among Hispanic middle school students was conducted (n = 174). Linear regression models were developed in which first and second semester changes in BMI represented as a percentage of the 95th BMI percentile (%BMIp95) were separately used to predict overall %BMIp95 outcomes. First semester changes in %BMIp95 were used to predict ...
Source: Obesity - November 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Arlinghaus KR, O'Connor DP, Ledoux TA, Hughes SO, Johnston CA Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Type 2 Diabetes and HbA1c Predict All-Cause Post-Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Hospital Readmission.
CONCLUSIONS: These results based on a national MBS cohort showed that uncontrolled type 2 diabetes is associated with a greater likelihood of all-cause hospital readmission and reduced weight loss 30 days post MBS. Both type 2 diabetes and prediabetes were also associated with decreased weight loss 30 days post MBS. These findings highlight the need to classify and optimize glycemic control prior to MBS. PMID: 33215855 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Morales-Marroquin E, Xie L, Meneghini L, de la Cruz-Muñoz N, Almandoz JP, Mathew SM, Schneider BE, Messiah SE Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

The Media as a Source of Weight Stigma for Pregnant and Postpartum Women.
CONCLUSIONS: This work is the first to document that online news media are a pervasive and potentially distressing source of pregnancy-related weight stigma, suggesting much-needed reform in media guidelines. PMID: 33215866 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Nippert KE, Tomiyama AJ, Smieszek SM, Incollingo Rodriguez AC Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Body Fatness Influences Associations of Body Composition and Energy Expenditure with Energy Intake in Healthy Women.
This study aimed to investigate the influence of body fatness on the associations of body composition and energy expenditure (EE) with energy intake (EI). METHODS: Data from 93 women (BMI = 25.5 [SD 4.2] kg/m2 ) recruited for two studies (Study 1, n = 48, BMI = 25.0-34.9 kg/m2 ; Study 2, n = 45, BMI = 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 ) were examined. Body composition, resting metabolic rate (RMR), and test meal EI were assessed during a laboratory probe day. Physical activity, total daily EE (TDEE), and self-reported free-living 24-hour EI were collected duri...
Source: Obesity - November 16, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Casanova N, Beaulieu K, Oustric P, O'Connor D, Gibbons C, Duarte C, Blundell J, Stubbs RJ, Finlayson G, Hopkins M Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Attrition Bias in an Observational Study of Very Low-Energy Diet: A Cohort Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Reported outcomes of weight management programs must account for program attrition. PMID: 33200563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 16, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Isaman DJM, Herman WH, Rothberg AE Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Can Baseline Characteristics be Used to Predict Liver Disease Outcomes in Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?
CONCLUSIONS: Routinely obtained baseline clinical or laboratory measures cannot help risk-stratify youth with presumed NAFLD in terms of long-term outcomes. Close clinical, radiographic, and histologic evaluation of patients is warranted to determine those at risk of progression. PMID: 33185977 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 13, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Orkin S, Yodoshi T, Sun Q, Fei L, Meryum S, Arce-Clachar AC, Bramlage K, Beck AF, Mouzaki M Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Exploring Pediatric Obesity Training, Perspectives, and Management Patterns Among Pediatric Primary Care Physicians.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased obesity training improves physicians' confidence and leads to familiarity with management guidelines. Formal obesity training should be prioritized during residency and beyond so that physicians who care for pediatric patients are better equipped to offer unbiased and effective care. PMID: 33184987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 12, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Campoverde Reyes KJ, Perez NP, Czepiel KS, Shaw AY, Stanford FC Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Antiobesity Effects of Adipose-Derived Stromal/Stem Cells in a Naturally Aged Mouse Model.
CONCLUSIONS: Traditional drugs used in the treatment of obesity have limitations and are unsuitable for the elderly. Based on the results, the future use of ASCs as primary antiaging and antiobesity agents is suggested because of their positive effects on aged animals. PMID: 33185001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 12, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wu Q, He S, Zhu Y, Pu S, Zhou Z Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Sex Affects Regional Variations in Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue T Cells but not Macrophages in Adults with Obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: Results showed that T-cell populations vary by SAT region in females but not males. Both sexes, however, have proportionately more proinflammatory macrophages in upper-body than in lower-body SAT. It remains to be seen how these unique immune cell profiles in males and females with obesity contribute to adipose tissue inflammation and metabolic disease risk. PMID: 33179451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 11, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Murphy J, Delaney KZ, Dam V, Tam BT, Khor N, Tsoukas MA, Morais JA, Santosa S Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Obesity in Midlife Hampers Resting and Sensory-Evoked Cerebral Blood Flow in Mice.
CONCLUSIONS: OB microvasculature in obese mice showed a specific functional feature characterized by impaired sensory-evoked CBF and a specific deleterious effect of aging on resting CBF. PMID: 33174382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 10, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Soleimanzad H, Montaner M, Ternier G, Lemitre M, Silvestre JS, Kassis N, Giacobini P, Magnan C, Pain F, Gurden H Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Zinc Supplementation Decreases Obesity-Related Neuroinflammation and Improves Metabolic Function and Memory in Rats.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that Zn partially reverted obesity-related metabolic dysfunction and reduced neuroinflammation and memory deficit caused by CAF diet. PMID: 33155397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: de Oliveira S, Feijó GDS, Neto J, Jantsch J, Braga MF, Castro LFDS, Giovenardi M, Porawski M, Guedes RP Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

SIAH2 is Expressed in Adipocyte Precursor Cells and Interacts with EBF1 and ZFP521 to Promote Adipogenesis.
CONCLUSIONS: Siah2 is expressed in PDGFRα+ adipocyte precursor cells and is linked to precursor cell commitment to adipogenesis by interacting with EBF1 and ZFP521 proteins to target the antiadipogenic ZFP521 for degradation. PMID: 33155406 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Dang TN, Taylor JL, Kilroy G, Yu Y, Burk DH, Floyd ZE Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Abstracts from the 38th Annual Meeting of the Obesity Society at Obesityweek ® Interactive November 2-6, 2020.
Abstracts from the 38th Annual Meeting of the Obesity Society at Obesityweek® Interactive November 2-6, 2020. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Nov;28 Suppl 2:5-187 Authors: PMID: 33150731 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in a Diverse Bariatric Surgery Population.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common among bariatric surgery patients and is associated with perioperative risk. Preoperative screening is recommended, but some screening tools lack validation, and their relative performance is unclear in this population. The study objective was to compare the ability of four existing tools (STOP-BANG, NO-OSAS, No-Apnea, and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS]) to screen for moderate to severe OSA in a diverse bariatric cohort. METHODS: Data from patients presenting for first-time bariatric surgery who underwent a sleep study within 1 year of the initial...
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kreitinger KY, Lui MMS, Owens RL, Schmickl CN, Grunvald E, Horgan S, Raphelson JR, Malhotra A Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Effect of Obesogenic Medication on Weight- and Fitness-Change Outcomes: Evidence from the Look AHEAD Study.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that exposure to obesogenic medications could hinder successful weight loss in a lifestyle intervention for people with diabetes. PMID: 33150743 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Moon RC, Almuwaqqat Z Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Experimentally Manipulated Low Social Status and Food Insecurity Alter Eating Behavior Among Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The data demonstrate differential acute and 24-hour eating behavior responses between Hispanic male and female adolescents in experimentally manipulated conditions of low social status. PMID: 33150744 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Cardel MI, Pavela G, Janicke D, Huo T, Miller D, Lee AM, Gurka MJ, Dhurandhar E, Peters JC, Caldwell AE, Krause E, Fernandez A, Allison DB Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Ovarian Suppression in Premenopausal Women: No Change in Free-Living Energy Expenditure.
CONCLUSIONS: In premenopausal women approaching menopause, ovarian hormone suppression resulted in increased adiposity without alterations in TDEE, PAEE, or REE. PMID: 33150745 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Gavin KM, Melanson EL, Hildreth KL, Gibbons E, Bessesen DH, Kohrt WM Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Gut Mucosal Gene Expression and Metabolic Changes After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: RYGB affects the transcription of a wide range of genes, indicating that the observed beneficial metabolic effects of RYGB may rely on a changed expression of several genes in the gut. RYGB-induced changes in the expression of genes encoding signaling peptides and G protein-coupled receptors may disclose new gut-derived treatment targets against obesity and diabetes. PMID: 33150746 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jorsal T, Christensen MM, Mortensen B, Nygaard EB, Zhang C, Rigbolt K, Wandall E, Langholz E, Friis S, Worm D, Floyd A, Helgstrand F, Støving RK, Aldries AR, Juhl CB, Østergaard T, Rydborg T, Forman JL, Sørensen F, Schmidt T, Falkenhahn M, Musholt PB, Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Suppression of Insulin Secretion in the Treatment of Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that suppression of insulin secretion may lead to reduced body weight and fat mass with slightly increased blood glucose in individuals with obesity. PMID: 33150747 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Huang Z, Wang W, Huang L, Guo L, Chen C Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Effect of Sleeve Gastrectomy on Kisspeptin Expression in the Hypothalamus of Rats with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
Authors: PMID: 33150748 [PubMed] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Childhood Obesity and Device-Measured Sedentary Behavior: An Instrumental Variable Analysis of 3,864 Mother-Offspring Pairs.
CONCLUSIONS: There is strong evidence for a causal pathway linking childhood obesity to greater sedentary behavior. PMID: 33135330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hamer M, Chastin S, Viner RM, Stamatakis E Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Functional Brain Networks: Unique Patterns with Hedonic Appetite and Confidence to Resist Eating in Older Adults with Obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show critical, distinct links between brain network topology with self-reported measures that capture hedonic hunger and the confidence that older adults have in resisting the consumption of food because of both intrapersonal and social/environmental cues. PMID: 33135364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Burdette JH, Laurienti PJ, Miron LL, Bahrami M, Simpson SL, Nicklas BJ, Fanning J, Rejeski WJ Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Household Food Insecurity, Diet Quality, and Obesity: An Explanatory Model.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide novel insight into the psychological experience of being food-insecure and how maladaptive coping mechanisms might play some role in the association between food insecurity, diet, and obesity. PMID: 33135388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - November 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Keenan GS, Christiansen P, Hardman CA Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Body Mass Index as a Risk Factor for Clinical Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19 in New York.
CONCLUSION: Patients who are underweight or with obesity are at a risk for mechanical ventilation and death, suggesting pulmonary complications (indicated by IMV) is a significant contributor for poor outcomes in COVID-19 infection. PMID: 33128848 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - October 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kim T, Roslin M, Wang JJ, Kane J, Hirsch JS, Ji Kim E, Northwell Health COVID-19 Research Consortium Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Maternal Employment and Infant BMI z Score in a US Birth Cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: Maternal employment was related to infant adiposity. The direction of the association varied by household-level income. PMID: 33098275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - October 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Oddo VM, Hoyo C, Østbye T, Benjamin-Neelon SE Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Counselor Surveillance of Digital Self-Monitoring Data: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Counselor access to SM data is feasible and acceptable. Additional research is warranted to determine whether it can meaningfully improve outcomes. PMID: 33098278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - October 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Butryn ML, Martinelli MK, Crane NT, Godfrey K, Roberts SR, Zhang F, Forman EM Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

BMI and All-Cause Mortality in a Population-Based Cohort in Rural South Africa.
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals in South Africa who meet clinically defined criteria for overweight or obesity had a lower risk of all-cause mortality than those with a normal BMI. These findings were stronger for women and communicable conditions. PMID: 33070472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - October 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Manne-Goehler J, Baisley K, Vandormael A, Bärnighausen T, Tanser F, Herbst K, Pillay D, Siedner MJ Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Ethnicity, Neighborhood and Individual Socioeconomic Status, and Obesity: The Singapore Multiethnic Cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: Ethnicity was strongly associated with obesity independent of SES and neighborhood environment. More research on sociocultural factors contributing to ethnic differences in obesity is warranted. PMID: 33064936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - October 16, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Park SH, Nicolaou M, Dickens BSL, Yang Q, Tan KW, van Dam RM Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research