Obesity is Associated with Severe Forms of COVID-19.
Authors: PMID: 32959515 [PubMed] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Comparing Heterogeneity in Body Mass Responses Between Low-Carbohydrate and Low-Fat Diets.
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence is insufficient to suggest the response heterogeneity to low-CHO diets differs from that observed with low-fat diets. PMID: 32959516 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Smith ES, Smith HA, Betts JA, Gonzalez JT, Atkinson G Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

High Prevalence of Obesity in Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) Requiring Invasive Mechanical Ventilation.
Authors: PMID: 32959517 [PubMed] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substance Exposure, Gestational Weight Gain, and Postpartum Weight Changes in Project Viva.
CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy PFAS were associated with greater gestational weight gain, weight retention, and weight gain years after pregnancy. PMID: 32959518 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mitro SD, Sagiv SK, Rifas-Shiman SL, Calafat AM, Fleisch AF, Jaacks LM, Williams PL, Oken E, James-Todd TM Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Dietary Methionine Restriction Signals to the Brain Through Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 to Regulate Energy Balance and Remodeling of Adipose Tissue.
CONCLUSIONS: The increase in FGF21 produced by dietary MR acts primarily in the brain to produce its physiological effects on energy balance. In contrast, the effects of MR on hepatic gene expression were intact in both models, supporting a mechanism that directly links detection of reduced methionine in the liver to transcriptional mechanisms that alter gene expression in the liver. PMID: 32959519 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Forney LA, Fang H, Sims LC, Stone KP, Vincik LY, Vick AM, Gibson AN, Burk DH, Gettys TW Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

COVID-19 and obesity: The intersection between a pandemic and an epidemic in a developing country.
pción-Urteaga LA Abstract We have read with great interest the prospective cohort study published by Czernichow et al 1 , wherein they found that obesity doubles mortality in patients hospitalized with coronavirus disease (COVID-19), using as an indicator anthropometric, the body mass index (BMI). Despite BMI being recognized as an anthropometric index of obesity and various studies confirming that it predicts cardiovascular events, the lack of information it provides on the distribution of body fat is considered its main limitation. The use of abdominal circumference and waist-height ratio are better measu...
Source: Obesity - September 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Concepción-Zavaleta MJ, Gutiérrez-Ortiz C, Coronado-Arroyo JC, Zavaleta-Gutiérrez FE, Concepción-Urteaga LA Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Effects of exercise on ACE2.
l;her M Abstract Obesity has been shown to increase the risk for more severe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) courses and higher mortality particularly among younger (age
Source: Obesity - September 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Klöting N, Ristow M, Blüher M Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Ethnic Differences in Body Fat Deposition and Liver Fat Content in Two UK-Based Cohorts.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data, consistent across two independent UK-based cohorts, present a limited number of ethnic differences in the distribution of body fat depots associated with metabolic disease. These results suggest that the ethnic variation in susceptibility to features of the metabolic syndrome may not arise from differences in body fat. PMID: 32939982 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 16, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Alenaini W, Parkinson JRC, McCarthy JP, Goldstone AP, Wilman HR, Banerjee R, Yaghootkar H, Bell JD, Thomas EL Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Hybrid and Model-Based Iterative Reconstruction Influences the Volumetry of Visceral and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue on Ultra-Low-Dose CT.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare three different reconstruction algorithms for the volumetry of the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) on ultra-low-dose computed tomography (CT) images. METHODS: Thirty-seven male patients underwent ultra-low-dose CT at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra (22.5 mm in z-axis). The acquisitions were reconstructed in 5-mm slices with 50% overlap using filtered back projection (FBP), hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR), and iterative model-based reconstruction (IMR) techniques. The volume of VAT and SAT was measured us...
Source: Obesity - September 14, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lambert L, Novak M, Siklova M, Krauzova E, Stich V, Burgetova A Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Onset of Workplace Bullying and Risk of Weight Gain: A Multicohort Longitudinal Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants with exposure to the onset of workplace bullying were more likely to gain weight, a possible pathway linking workplace bullying to increased long-term risk of type 2 diabetes. PMID: 32929892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 14, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Xu T, Magnusson Hanson LL, Clark AJ, Ersbøll AK, Westerlund H, Madsen IEH, Rugulies R, Pentti J, Stenholm S, Vahtera J, Sørensen JK, Nordentoft M, Westendorp RGJ, Hansen ÅM, Oksanen T, Virtanen M, Kivimäki M, Rod NH Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

A Laboratory-Based Study of the Priming Effects of Food Cues and Stress on Hunger and Food Intake in Individuals with Obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: Among individuals with obesity, exposure to food and stress cues shifted consumption to high-calorie snack foods within a well-controlled experimental setting. PMID: 32918391 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 11, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Chao AM, Fogelman N, Hart R, Grilo CM, Sinha R Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Associations of Pregnancy After Bariatric Surgery with Long-Term Weight Trajectories and Birth Weight: LABS-2 Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative pregnancy did not diminish long-term weight loss in women in the LABS-2 study. The finding of comparable weight loss is relevant for providers counseling women of reproductive age on weight-loss expectations and family planning following bariatric surgery. PMID: 32918404 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 11, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Harrod CS, Elman MR, Vesco KK, Wolfe BM, Mitchell JE, Pories WJ, Pomp A, Boone-Heinonen J, Purnell JQ Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Can the Participant Speak Beyond Likert? Free Text Responses in COVID-19 Obesity Surveys.
Abstract Research on lifestyle changes during the COVID-19 pandemic often relies on Likert-type scale question surveys. Survey participants respond to questions by selecting one of the numerically ordered choices, "Strongly Disagree"=1, "Disagree"=2, "Neutral"=3, "Agree"=4, and "Strongly Agree"=5. Analyzing Likert-type data requires statistical methods beyond approaches like linear regression. First, it is unclear if the distance between choices are truly equal. For example, are "Agree" and "Strongly Agree" more close than "Neutral" an...
Source: Obesity - September 9, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Thomas DM, Siegel B, Baller D, Lindquist J, Cready G, Zervios JT, Nadglowski JF, Kyle TK Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Improving Adherence to Weight-Loss Medication (Liraglutide 3.0 mg) Using Mobile Phone Text Messaging and Healthcare Professional Support.
CONCLUSIONS: Integration of SMS into routine clinical practice should consider not only the frequency and content of reminders but also additional patient support to achieve higher and more sustained adherence to medication and health behavior changes. PMID: 32902905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 9, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Li A, Cunich M, Fuller N, Purcell K, Flynn A, Caterson I Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

A Fad too Far? Dietary Strategies for the Prevention and Treatment of NAFLD.
Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major health problem, and its prevalence has increased in recent years, concurrent with rising rates of obesity and other metabolic diseases. Currently, there are no FDA-approved pharmacological therapies for NAFLD, and lifestyle interventions, including weight loss and exercise, remain the cornerstones for treatment. Manipulating diet composition and eating patterns may be a sustainable approach to NAFLD treatment. Dietary strategies including Paleolithic, ketogenic, Mediterranean, high-protein, plant-based, low-carbohydrate, and intermittent fasting diets ha...
Source: Obesity - September 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Moore MP, Cunningham RP, Dashek RJ, Mucinski JM, Rector RS Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Independent role of morbid obesity as a risk factor for COVID-19 hospitalization: a Spanish population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Morbid obesity is a relevant risk factor for COVID-19 hospitalization and severity in young adults, of a similar magnitude as aging. Tackling current obesity pandemic could alleviate impact of chronic and infectious diseases. PMID: 32885905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Fresán U, Guevara M, Elía F, Albéniz E, Burgui C, Castilla J, Working Group for the Study of COVID-19 in Navarra Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Variation in the Socioeconomic Gradient of Obesity by Ethnicity - England's National Child Measurement Programme.
CONCLUSIONS: Ethnicity had an independent influence on overweight/obesity risk after adjustment for socioeconomic position. PMID: 32886431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Strugnell C, Mathrani S, Sollars L, Swinburn B, Copley V Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Impact of an Internet-Based Lifestyle Intervention on Behavioral and Psychosocial Factors During Postpartum Weight Loss.
CONCLUSIONS: Among low-income postpartum women, an effective internet-based weight-loss program resulted in improved weight-control behaviors and cognitive restraint but did not affect other SCT targets and psychosocial outcomes. PMID: 32888250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Bennion KA, Tate D, Muñoz-Christian K, Phelan S Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Staging Obesity Severity Delineates Metabolic Health Risks.
PMID: 32888258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Nadolsky K Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

COVID-19 and its severity in bariatric surgery operated patients.
ent K Abstract OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a major risk factor of severe forms of COVID-19 but little is known about the post bariatric surgery (BS) setting. We assessed the prevalence of likely COVID-19 and its risk factors in patients followed-up after BS. METHODS: We surveyed 738 patients who underwent BS and were followed-up at our university medical centre. A retrospective comparison of characteristics at baseline, one- year post BS and at the time of lockdown was performed between patients with a COVID-19 likely event (CL) based on a combination of reported symptoms vs. those for whom it was unlikely (CU). ...
Source: Obesity - September 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Bel Lassen P, Poitou C, Genser L, Marchelli F, Aron-Wisnewsky J, Ciangura C, Jacques F, Moreau P, NutriOmics investigators, Oppert JM, Clément K Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Ketonemia and Glycemia Affect Appetite Levels and Executive Functions in Overweight Females During Two Ketogenic Diets.
CONCLUSIONS: Ketogenic diets, compared with a Mediterranean diet, have a greater effect in terms of appetite reduction but might affect inhibition functions. PMID: 32875733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - September 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lodi A, Zarantonello L, Bisiacchi PS, Cenci L, Paoli A Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Intensive Weight Loss Intervention and Cancer Risk in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Analysis of the Look AHEAD Randomized Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: An ILI aimed at weight loss lowered incidence of obesity-related cancers by 16% in adults with overweight or obesity and type 2 diabetes. The study sample size likely lacked power to determine effect sizes of this magnitude and smaller. PMID: 32841523 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Look AHEAD Research Group, Yeh HC, Bantle JP, Cassidy-Begay M, Blackburn G, Bray GA, Byers T, Clark JM, Coday M, Egan C, Espeland MA, Foreyt JP, Garcia K, Goldman V, Gregg EW, Hazuda HP, Hesson L, Hill JO, Horton ES, Jakicic JM, Jeffery RW, Johnson KC, Ka Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Room Indirect Calorimetry Operating and Reporting Standards (RICORS 1.0): A Guide to Conducting and Reporting Human Whole-Room Calorimeter Studies.
Abstract Whole-room indirect calorimeters have been used to study human metabolism for more than a century. These studies have contributed substantial knowledge to the assessment of nutritional needs and the regulation of energy expenditure and substrate oxidation in humans. However, comparing results from studies conducted at different sites is challenging because of a lack of consistency in reporting technical performance, study design, and results. In May 2019, an expert panel was convened to consider minimal requirements for conducting and reporting the results of human whole-room indirect calorimeter studies....
Source: Obesity - August 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Chen KY, Smith S, Ravussin E, Krakoff J, Plasqui G, Tanaka S, Murgatroyd P, Brychta R, Bock C, Carnero E, Schoffelen P, Hatamoto Y, Rynders C, Melanson EL Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Antiobesity effect of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Extract (Actiponin): A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.
Authors: PMID: 32841525 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Obesity and Cancer: It's Causal and …Reversible?
Obesity and Cancer: It's Causal and…Reversible? Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020 Sep;28(9):1575 Authors: Brown JC, McTiernan A PMID: 32841526 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Brown JC, McTiernan A Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Obesity doubles mortality in patients hospitalized for SARS-CoV-2 in Paris hospitals, France: a cohort study on 5795 patients.
CONCLUSION: Obesity doubles mortality in patients hospitalized with Covid-19. PMID: 32815621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 20, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Czernichow S, Beeker N, Rives-Lange C, Guerot E, Diehl JL, Katsahian S, Hulot JS, Poghosyan T, Carette C, Sophie Jannot A, AP-HP / Universities / Inserm COVID-19 research collaboration and AP-HP Covid CDR Initiative Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Weight Bias, Shame, and Self-Compassion: Risk/Protective Mechanisms of Depression and Anxiety in Prebariatic Surgery Patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest a potentially important role for weight bias and shame in psychological health among BSC and implicate self-compassion, a trainable affect-regulation strategy, as a protective factor that may confer some resiliency. Future research using longitudinal and causal designs is warranted. PMID: 32808737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Braun TD, Quinn DM, Stone A, Gorin AA, Ferrand J, Puhl RM, Sierra J, Tishler D, Papasavas P Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Non-respiratory Complications and Obesity in Patients Dying with COVID-19 in Italy.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of obesity on non-respiratory complications in patients dying with COVID-19. METHODS: medical charts of 3,694 patients dying with COVID-19 in Italy were reviewed to extract information on demographics, pre-existing comorbidities, and in-hospital complications leading to death. Multivariate logistic regressions were performed to assess the association of obesity with non-respiratory complications. These analyses were adjusted for age, gender and number of pre-existing comorbidities. RESULTS: obesity was present in 411/3,694 (11.1%) patients dying with COVID-19. Obe...
Source: Obesity - August 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Onder G, Palmieri L, Vanacore N, Giuliano M, Brusaferro S, Italian National Institute of Health COVID-19 mortality group Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Is growth hormone insufficiency the missing link between obesity, male gender, age and COVID-19 severity?
In conclusion, several evidences support a relationship between GHD and COVID-19, and they also shed a light upon potential beneficial effects of recombinant GH treatment on COVID-19 patients. PMID: 32808459 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lubrano C, Masi D, Risi R, Balena A, Watanabe M, Mariani S, Gnessi L Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Is Dietary Non-Adherence unique to obesity and weight loss? Results from a randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate there are no differences in dietary adherence between lean and individuals with obesity and adherence is not associated with adiposity or hunger. Thus, the belief that non-adherence (e.g. lack of willpower) is unique to obesity is untrue and may perpetuate weight bias and stigma. PMID: 32808484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Stinson EJ, Piaggi P, Votruba SB, Venti C, Lovato-Morales B, Engel S, Krakoff J, Gluck ME Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Vitamin A Corrects Tissue Deficits in Diet-Induced Obese Mice and Reduces Influenza Infection After Vaccination and Challenge.
CONCLUSIONS: Results demonstrate a low-cost intervention that may correct vitamin A tissue deficits and help control respiratory viral infections in individuals with obesity. PMID: 32779401 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 10, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Penkert RR, Cortez V, Karlsson EA, Livingston B, Surman SL, Li Y, Catharine Ross A, Schultz-Cherry S, Hurwitz JL Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Bariatric Surgery-Induced Changes in Intima-Media Thickness and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Class 3 Obesity: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study.
JM, Puig J Abstract OBJECTIVE: The impact of weight loss induced by bariatric surgery (BS) and nonsurgical approaches on cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) has not been fully elucidated. We assessed the effects of BS and a nonsurgical approach on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and CVRF in participants with class 3 obesity. METHODS: A total of 87 participants with obesity (59 women; 46 [37-52] years old; BMI, 43 [40-47]) and 75 controls were recruited; 21 (25%) participants with obesity underwent BS. BMI, blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting plasma glucose, C-reactive protein, CIMT, and ...
Source: Obesity - August 9, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Domenech-Ximenos B, Cuba V, Daunis-I-Estadella P, Thió-Henestrosa S, Jaldo F, Biarnes C, Molina X, Xifra G, Ricart W, Bardera A, Boada I, Essig M, Pedraza S, Federici M, Fernández-Real JM, Puig J Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Medical Weight-Loss Outcomes in Patients Receiving Concomitant Psychotropic Medication: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to psychotropic medications was associated with diminished weight loss in patients with medically managed overweight and obesity. PMID: 32776501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 9, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Shukla AP, Mandel LS, Tchang BG, Litman E, Cadwell J, Kumar RB, Waitman J, Igel LI, Christos P, Aronne LJ Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

In Utero Exposure to Maternal Overweight or Obesity is Associated with Altered Offspring Brain Function in Middle Childhood.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The impact of in utero exposure to maternal overweight and obesity on offspring metabolic health is well documented. Neurodevelopmental outcomes among these children are, however, less well studied. To address this gap, the current study investigated brain function among 4- to 6-year-old children exposed to maternal overweight or obesity during gestation compared with that of children born to mothers with healthy BMI in pregnancy. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to study neuronal activity and connectivity during a passive viewing task (movie) among 101...
Source: Obesity - August 8, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Shapiro ALB, Moore BF, Sutton B, Wilkening G, Stence N, Dabelea D, Tregellas JR Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Sex Differences in the Relationship Between Childhood Self-Regulation and Adolescent Adiposity.
CONCLUSIONS: CSR inversely predicts changes in adiposity across adolescence in both sexes, with some evidence that this association is stronger for girls with higher (vs. lower) childhood adiposity. However, this inverse association between CSR and adiposity may emerge earlier in girls. Future research should examine the causal status of CSR and its relationship to behaviors (e.g., diet). PMID: 32767554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Javaras KN, Armstrong JM, Klein MH, Essex MJ, Davidson RJ, Goldsmith HH Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Optimizing Behavioral Interventions for Obesity Using an Engineering-Inspired Approach.
PMID: 32770623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wasser HM, Valle CG, Tate DF Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Opposite Association of Adropin Concentrations with Obesity in Prepubertal Children Compared with Adolescents.
, Garcés C Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between obesity and plasma adropin levels in two cohorts of children at two different ages. METHODS: Adropin concentrations were measured in 71 prepubertal and 41 pubertal children with obesity and their age- and sex-matched normal weight counterparts (69 prepubertal and 42 pubertal children). Information was available in these children on insulin levels, lipid profile, and leptin levels. Adropin levels were measured by using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. RESULTS: Plasma adropin levels were s...
Source: Obesity - August 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Herrero L, de Dios O, Gavela-Pérez T, Riestra P, Jois A, Soriano-Guillén L, Garcés C Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

What COVID-19 is Teaching Us About Counseling for Weight Management.
Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has been a seismic event for those of us who provide obesity care for two reasons - it profoundly altered our patients' living environment and it fundamentally changed the practice of how we deliver counseling. The convergence of these two unique experiences has brought insight to patients and providers alike and will most certainly lead to transformational changes in healthcare. Oftentimes anomalies lead to deeper understanding. We are at such a time in our history. PMID: 32762123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kushner RF Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Food insecurity, the home food environment, and parent feeding practices in the era of COVID-19.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in families' home food environment and parent feeding practices, from before to during COVID-19, and examine if changes differed by food security status. METHODS: Parents (N=584) in the US completed a single online survey, reporting on food security, home food availability, and feeding practices both retrospectively (considering before COVID-19) and currently (during COVID-19). Chi-squares and univariate regressions examined associations by food security status. RESULTS: The percent of families reporting very low food security increased by 20% from before to during COVID-19 (p
Source: Obesity - August 6, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Adams EL, Caccavale LJ, Smith D, Bean MK Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Understanding African American COVID-19 Severity and Mortality: Is Obesity the Key?
PMID: 32748515 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ferdinand KC Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

BMI is Associated with Coronavirus Disease 2019 Intensive Care Unit Admission in African Americans.
CONCLUSIONS: This study identified risk factors for severe disease in COVID-19, specifically in an African American population. Further inclusive research aimed at optimizing clinical care relevant to the African American population is critical to ensure an equitable response to COVID-19. PMID: 32748568 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Alkhatib AL, Kreniske J, Zifodya JS, Fonseca V, Tahboub M, Khatib J, Denson JL, Lasky JA, Lefante JJ, Bojanowski CM Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Fast-Food Patronage and Obesity Prevalence during the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Alternative Explanation.
Abstract In a study recently published in Obesity, Ashby (1) examined how unhealthy eating, defined as patronage to eating establishments serving unhealthy foods (i.e., fast food ), was associated with adult obesity prevalence, the food environment, and poverty across counties in the United States (U.S.) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Ashby found that while patronage to fast food eating establishments declined, counties with greater adult obesity prevalence saw less steep declines. PMID: 32741130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Myers CA, Broyles ST Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Mechanisms of Artemisia scoparia's Anti-Inflammatory Activity in Cultured Adipocytes, Macrophages, and Pancreatic β-Cells.
CONCLUSIONS: SCO's ability to promote adipocyte development and function is thought to mediate its insulin-sensitizing actions in vivo. Our findings that SCO inhibits inflammatory responses through at least two distinct signaling pathways (ERK and NF-κB) in three cell types known to contribute to metabolic disease reveal that SCO may act more broadly than previously thought to improve metabolic health. PMID: 32741148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - August 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Boudreau A, Burke SJ, Collier JJ, Richard AJ, Ribnicky DM, Stephens JM Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Age, Sex, and Depot-Specific Differences in Adipose-Tissue Estrogen Receptors in Individuals with Obesity.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of sex and menopausal status on depot-specific estrogen signaling in white adipose tissue (AT) in age-matched men and women with morbid obesity. METHODS: A total of 28 premenopausal women, 16 postmenopausal women, and 27 age-matched men undergoing bariatric surgery were compared for omental (OM) AT (OMAT) and abdominal subcutaneous (SQ) AT (SQAT) genes and proteins. RESULTS: With the exception of fasting nonesterified fatty acids being higher in women (P 
Source: Obesity - July 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Porter JW, Barnas JL, Welly R, Spencer N, Pitt J, Vieira-Potter VJ, Kanaley JA Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Overweight and obesity are risks factors of severe illness in patients with COVID-19.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: We aimed to observe the clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with overweight and obesity. METHODS: Consecutive COVID-19 patients from 10 hospitals of Jiangsu province, China were enrolled. RESULTS: 297 COVID-19 patients were included. 39.39% and 13.47% of patients were overweight and obese, respectively. The proportions of bilateral pneumonia (92.50% vs. 73.57%, P=0.033) and type 2 diabetes (17.50% vs. 3.57%, P=0.006) were higher in patients with obesity than lean patients. The proportions of severe illness in patients with overweight (12.82% vs. 2....
Source: Obesity - July 31, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Wang J, Zhu L, Liu L, Zhao XA, Zhang Z, Xue L, Yan X, Huang S, Li Y, Cheng J, Zhang B, Xu T, Li C, Ji F, Ming F, Zhao Y, Shao H, Sang D, Zhao H, Guan X, Chen X, Chen Y, Issa R, Wei J, Huang R, Zhu C, Wu C Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Retinal Vascular Tortuosity and Diameter Associations with Adiposity and Components of Body Composition.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether adiposity or body composition relates to microvascular characteristics of the retina, indicative of cardiometabolic function. METHODS: A fully automated QUARTZ software processed retinal images from 68,550 UK Biobank participants (aged 40-69 years). Differences in retinal vessel diameter and tortuosity with body composition measures from the Tanita analyzer were obtained by using multilevel regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, clinic, smoking, and Townsend deprivation index. RESULTS: Venular tortuosity and diameter increased...
Source: Obesity - July 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tapp RJ, Owen CG, Barman SA, Welikala RA, Foster PJ, Whincup PH, Strachan DP, Rudnicka AR, UK Biobank Eye, Vision Consortium Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Assessing Life Stress: A Critical Priority in Obesity Research and Treatment.
Abstract Significant childhood adversity and chronic life stress are highly prevalent in patients with severe obesity. Such stress has been found to increase risk of adulthood obesity by up to 50%, and it can also substantially degrade the effectiveness of evidence-based treatments for this chronic disease condition. Despite general appreciation of these facts, though, stress is not frequently measured in obesity research or routinely assessed during treatment for obesity or obesity-related complications. To address this important issue, we describe several validated tools that can be used for assessing life stres...
Source: Obesity - July 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Valderhaug TG, Slavich GM Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Does Bariatric Binge-Eating Size Matter? Conceptual Model and Empirical Support.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide empirical support for a new classification system for bariatric binge/LOC eating. Binge size was associated with distinct psychopathology. Longitudinal follow-up is needed to ascertain effects on clinical outcomes. PMID: 32729221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - July 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ivezaj V, Lydecker JA, Wiedemann AA, Duffy AJ, Grilo CM Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Different Expression of Duodenal Genes Related to Insulin Resistance Between Nonobese Women and Those with Severe Obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: Independent of BMI, higher insulin resistance was associated with a downregulation of duodenal DEGs mainly related to the immune system, inflammation, and xenobiotic metabolism. Also, intestinal lipoprotein metabolism may have a certain relevance in the regulation of insulin resistance in nonobese women. PMID: 32729246 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - July 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ho-Plagaro A, Santiago-Fernandez C, Rodríguez-Díaz C, Lopez-Gómez C, Garcia-Serrano S, Rodríguez-Pacheco F, Valdes S, Rodríguez-Cañete A, Alcaín-Martínez G, Ruiz-Santana N, Vázquez-Pedreño L, García-Fuentes E Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Loss of Uncoupling Protein 3 Attenuates Western Diet-Induced Obesity, Systemic Inflammation, and Insulin Resistance in Rats.
CONCLUSIONS: Loss of UCP3 partially protects rats from diet-induced obesity. This phenotype is related to induction of a compensatory antioxidant mechanism and prevention of iBAT whitening. PMID: 32716607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - July 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lomax TM, Ashraf S, Yilmaz G, Harmancey R Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research