Patterns of Gestational Weight Gain in Women with Overweight or Obesity and Risk of Large for Gestational Age
Conclusions: Women affected by overweight or obesity combined with high GWG in early mid-pregnancy were at elevated risk of LGA. Early clinical recognition of a poor GWG trajectory will enable early intervention in high-risk groups.Obes Facts (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - July 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Frequency of Hypoglycaemia after Different Bariatric Surgical Procedures
Conclusion: This prospective study shows a higher prevalence of severe hypoglycaemia (25.6%) after BS than anticipated from retrospective registers. A systematic evaluation of glucose and insulin levels by OGTT 2 years post-surgery may help to identify patients at increased risk for symptomatic and asymptomatic hypoglycaemia.Obes Facts (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - June 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Effects of Weighted Hula-Hooping Compared to Walking on Abdominal Fat, Trunk Muscularity, and Metabolic Parameters in Overweight Subjects: A Randomized Controlled Study
Conclusions: Hula-hooping with a weighted hula-hoop can be used to decrease abdominal fat % and increase trunk muscle mass in overweight subjects. Its LDL lowering effect resembles that described for resistance training.Obes Facts 2019;12:385 –396 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - June 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Extensive Phenotyping for Potential Weight-Inducing Factors in an Outpatient Population with Obesity
Conclusions: A thorough evaluation of patients with obesity yields a relatively high prevalence of various potentially weight-inducing factors. Diagnostic screening of patients with obesity could therefore benefit these patients by potentially reducing the social stigma and improving the outcomes of obesity treatment programs by tackling, where possible, the weight-inducing factors in advance.Obes Facts 2019;12:369 –384 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - June 19, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Significantly Increases Serum Lipoprotein Lipase Level in Obese Patients
Conclusions: These results suggest that LSG independently increases pre ­heparin LPL level beyond BW reduction in obese patients.Obes Facts 2019;12:357 –368 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - June 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Socioeconomic Inequalities in the Rise of Adult Obesity: A Time-Trend Analysis of National Examination Data from Germany, 1990 –2011
Conclusions: These findings suggest a widening obesity gap between the top and the bottom of the socioeconomic spectrum. This has the potential to have adverse consequences for population health and health inequalities in coming decades. Interventions that are effective in preventing and reducing obesity in socially disadvantaged groups are needed.Obes Facts 2019;12:344 –356 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - June 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Sexual Dimorphism of a Genetic Risk Score for Obesity and Related Traits among Chinese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Conclusions: Genetic factors contribute to obesity-related traits in a sex-dependent pattern among middle-aged Chinese, and men tend to be more susceptible to the genetic risk of obesity.Obes Facts 2019;12:328 –343 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - June 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Indirect Effects of Body Mass Index Growth on Glucose Dysregulation via Inflammation: Causal Moderated Mediation Analysis
Conclusions: The findings provide support for the inflammation mechanism in the effects of adiposity on glucose homeostasis. In adolescents, excess BMI growth was linked with a higher risk of glucose dysregulation either directly or indirectly via chronic inflammation.Obes Facts 2019;12:316 –327 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - May 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Limitations of Fat-Free Mass for the Assessment of Muscle Mass in Obesity
Conclusions: In obesity, the use of FFM is limited by a systematic error of reference methods. In addition, SMM accounts for about 50% of FFM only. Corrected measurement of SMM by BIA can overcome these drawbacks.Obes Facts 2019;12:307 –315 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - May 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

The Amount of Weight Loss Six Months after Bariatric Surgery: It Makes a Difference
Conclusions: Reduction of body weight after RYGB surgery is associated with significantly improved cardiorespiratory function 6 months after surgery, especially in patients who lost more than 18% of their initial body weight. In addition, substantial decreases in body weight were also associated with a reduction of cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, smoking, hypertriglyceridemia, and sedentary lifestyle.Obes Facts 2019;12:281 –290 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - May 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

SCCA-IgM as a Potential Biomarker of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Patients with Obesity, Prediabetes and Diabetes Undergoing Sleeve Gastrectomy
Conclusions: Our results confirm the tight link between NAFLD and metabolic complications, suggesting prediabetes as a new risk factor of steatosis. SCCA-IgM does not seem to have a role in the identification and prognosis of NAFLD.Obes Facts 2019;12:291 –306 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - May 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Decreased Leptin Is Associated with Alterations in Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Levels after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery in Obese Euthyroid Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Conclusion: Decreased or normalized TSH levels after weight loss induced by RYGB might be mediated by the decline in leptin. There could be cross talk between adipose tissue and the HPT axis.Obes Facts 2019;12:272 –280 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - May 10, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

CT-Quantified Adipose Tissue Distribution: Risk or Protective Factor for Complications after Rectal Cancer Surgery?
Conclusion: An obesity paradox with a protective effect of CT-quantified adipose tissue was confirmed for anastomotic leakage and overall SC. In contrast, high adipose tissue was associated with higher risk for other SC and MC. These results show a more complex influence of body composition on MC and SC. CT-quantified obesity is able to provide deeper insights to explain the obesity paradox beyond BMI.Obes Facts 2019;12:259 –271 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - May 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Association between Characteristics at Birth, Breastfeeding and Obesity in 22 Countries: The WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative – COSI 2015/2017
Conclusion: The present work confirms the beneficial effect of breastfeeding against obesity, which was highly increased if children had never been breastfed or had been breastfed for a shorter period. Nevertheless, adoption of exclusive breastfeeding is below global recommendations and far from the target endorsed by the WHO Member States at the World Health Assembly Global Targets for Nutrition of increasing the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months up to at least 50% by 2025.Obes Facts 2019;12:226 –243 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - April 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of Severe Obesity among Primary School Children in 21 European Countries
Conclusions: Severe obesity is a serious public health issue which affects a large number of children in Europe. Because of the impact on educational, health, social care, and economic systems, obesity needs to be addressed via a range of approaches from early prevention of overweight and obesity to treatment of those who need it.Obes Facts 2019;12:244 –258 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - April 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Adipokines Regulate the Expression of Tumor-Relevant MicroRNAs
Conclusion: The link of obesity and cancer is analyzed under the aspect of adipokine-regulated miRs. At the same time the impact of miR abundance is considered as a regulatory variable. This context offers new strategies for tumor therapy and diagnostics.Obes Facts 2019;12:211 –225 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - April 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

26th European Congress on 26th European Congress on Obesity. Glasgow, UK, 28 April – 01 May, 2019: Abstracts
Obes Facts 2019;12:1 –298 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - April 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Secretion of Gut Hormones and Expression of Sweet Taste Receptors and Glucose Transporters in a Rat Model of Obesity
Conclusions: Changes in GLP-1 and PYY secretion after a high-fat diet appear unrelated to any changes in the expression of sweet taste receptors or glucose transporters. Impaired PYY secretion with high-fat feeding suggests that PYY analogues may provide a potential therapy in the treatment of obesity.Obes Facts 2019;12:190 –198 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - April 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Effects of an Intensive Inpatient Rehabilitation Program in Elderly Patients with Obesity
Conclusion: Our 3-week MRP provided significant clinical and functional improvement, which was similar between elderly and younger patients with severe obesity. In the long-term, this may be translated into better quality of life, through better management of obesity-associated morbidities and reduced frailty.Obes Facts 2019;12:199 –210 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - April 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Impact of Obesity on the Metabolic Control of Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Turkish Nationwide Survey of Glycemic and Other Metabolic Parameters of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (TEMD Obesity Study)
Conclusion: The TEMD Obesity Study shows that obesity is a major determinant of the poor metabolic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. These results underline the importance of prevention and management of obesity to improve health care in patients with type 2 diabetes. Also, the results point out the independent sociodemographic and clinical associates of obesity, which should be the prior targets to overcome, in the national fight with obesity.Obes Facts 2019;12:167 –178 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - March 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Baseline Dietary Restraint Predicts Negative Treatment Outcomes after 12 Months in Children and Adolescents with Obesity Participating in a Lifestyle Intervention
Discussion: Our results provide further evidence that the analysis of treatment processes in lifestyle intervention programs for children and adolescents with overweight and obesity should take into account a broader multidimensional approach including eating and dietary habits.Obes Facts 2019;12:179 –189 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - March 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Quality of Life 10 Years after Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Multicenter Study
Conclusions: EWL and symptomatic reflux impair patients ’ long-term QOL after SG.Obes Facts 2019;12:157 –166 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - March 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Global Evolution of Obesity Research in Children and Youths: Setting Priorities for Interventions and Policies
Conclusions: The findings highlight the need for improving international and local research capacities and collaboration to accelerate knowledge production and translation into contextualized and effective childhood obesity prevention.Obes Facts 2019;12:137 –149 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - March 14, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Effect of Obesity on Cognitive Function among School Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusion: Cognitive functions including AST-Latency, AST-Incongruent, AST-Percent correct trials, and IED Total errors were significantly weakened in markedly obese students. Significant impairments in their cognitive functions, especially attention, retention, intelligence, and cognitive flexibility, were observed. The findings of this study emphasize the need to involve school adolescents in physical activities to reduce body weight in order to have cognitive functions within normal range and also to minimize obesity-associated complications.Obes Facts 2019;12:150 –156 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - March 14, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Treatment of Hypothalamic Obesity with Dextroamphetamine: A Case Series
Conclusion: Dextroamphetamine treatment led to stabilization or reduction of BMI z-score in a cohort of 7 patients with hypothalamic obesity, with no adverse effects. Considering the projected increase in BMI z-score according to the natural course of the disease, these findings are promising and warrant further study.Obes Facts 2019;12:91 –102 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - March 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Overweight and Obesity in the Russian Population: Prevalence in Adults and Association with Socioeconomic Parameters and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Russian adults aged 25 –64 years is not evenly distributed geographically, but it is comparable to that of other European countries. Individuals with obesity were also more likely to have indicators of poor cardiovascular and metabolic health.Obes Facts 2019;12:103 –114 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - March 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Influence of Acute Physical Activity on Stress Reactivity in Obese and Normal Weight Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusion: PA impacted on acute stress reactivity and influenced stress reactivity differently in NW and OW/OB children.Obes Facts 2019;12:115 –130 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - March 8, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Metabolically Healthy and Unhealthy Obesity according to Different Criteria
Conclusion: The prevalence of MHO and MUO in the Chinese population varies according to different definitions of obesity and metabolic disorders.Obes Facts 2019;12:78 –90 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - March 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

The ABCD of Obesity: An EASO Position Statement on a Diagnostic Term with Clinical and Scientific Implications
Obesity is a frequent, serious, complex, relapsing, and chronic disease process that represents a major public health problem. The coining of obesity as an adiposity-based chronic disease (ABCD) is of particular relevance being in line with EASO ’s proposal to improve the International Classification of Diseases ICD-11 diagnostic criteria for obesity based on three dimensions, namely etiology, degree of adiposity, and health risks. The body mass index as a unique measurement of obesity does not reflect the whole complexity of the disease. Obesity complications are mainly determined by 2 pathological processes, i.e., ...
Source: Obesity Facts - March 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Gender- and Age-Specific Associations between Visceral Obesity and Renal Function Impairment
Conclusion: Visceral obesity is independently associated with renal function impairment in all ages and both genders, except for males younger than 45 years.Obes Facts 2019;12:67 –77 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - February 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

The Moderating Role of Social Neighbourhood Factors in the Association between Features of the Physical Neighbourhood Environment and Weight Status
Conclusion: We did not find consistent interactions between physical and social neighbourhood factors to explain BMI and overweight status.Obes Facts 2019;12:14 –24 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - January 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Age- and Sex-Related Percentiles of Skinfold Thickness, Waist and Hip Circumference, Waist-to-Hip Ratio and Waist-to-Height Ratio: Results from a Population-Based Pediatric Cohort in Germany (LIFE Child)
Conclusion: Trends for all parameters of body fat are in line with other national and international studies. Unlike the KiGGS study, our study provides circumference data across the whole of our age range, i.e. from 3 to 16 years.Obes Facts 2019;12:25 –39 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - January 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

European Practical and Patient-Centred Guidelines for Adult Obesity Management in Primary Care
This article aims to provide obesity management guidelines specifically tailored to GPs, favouring a practical patient-centred approach. The focus is on GP communication and motivational interviewing as well as on therapeutic patient education. The n ew guidelines highlight the importance of avoiding stigmatization, something frequently seen in different health care settings. In addition, managing the psychological aspects of the disease, such as improving self-esteem, body image and quality of life must not be neglected. Finally, the report con siders that achieving maximum weight loss in the shortest possible time is not...
Source: Obesity Facts - January 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Associations between Lifetime Adversity and Obesity Treatment in Patients with Morbid Obesity
Conclusion: This study shows that increasing BMI, DM2, and joint pain were all associated with treatment choice for obesity. In addition, self-reported lifetime adversity was associated with the patients ’ treatment choice for morbid obesity. Consequently, we suggest that decisions concerning obesity treatment should include dialogue-based assessments of the patients’ lifetime adversity.Obes Facts 2019;12:1 –13 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - January 17, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Erratum
Obes Facts 2018;11:465 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - January 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Adipocyte ADRB3 Down-Regulated in Chinese Overweight Individuals Adipocyte ADRB3 in Overweight
Conclusion: Adipocyte ADRB3 expression levels were down-regulated before the onset of obesity, which indicated that the reduction of ADRB3 expression might be the cause of compromised adipose tissue browning and obesity rather than the result. Thus, the interference of the ADRB3 pathway in adipocytes may provide a potential treatment target for obesity.Obes Facts 2018;11:524 –533 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - December 21, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

The Relationship between Weight Status and Depressive Symptoms in a Population Sample with Obesity: The Mediating Role of Appearance Evaluation
Conclusions: Efforts to reduce adverse effects of either obesity or depression need to take the reciprocal relationship between the two conditions into account. The current findings underscore the importance of appearance evaluation for treatment efforts in individuals with obesity. Interventions addressing body image might improve both, psychological distress and weight management efforts in general.Obes Facts 2018;11:514 –523 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - December 14, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Satietogenic Protein from Tamarind Seeds Decreases Food Intake, Leptin Plasma and < b > < i > CCK-1r < /i > < /b > Gene Expression in Obese Wistar Rats
Conclusion: We suggest that TTI by decreasing plasma leptin may improve CCK action, regardless of its increase in plasma from obese rats, since food intake was lowest.Obes Facts 2018;11:440 –453 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - December 13, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Insulin Pump Therapy – Influence on Body Fat Redistribution, Skeletal Muscle Mass and Ghrelin, Leptin Changes in T1D Patients
Conclusions: Using CSII in T1D leads to a significant increase of SMM in both sexes to a decrease of VFA in men and to a non-significant decrease of VFA in women. Changes in adipose tissue and SMM were also related to increased physical activity and to decreased GV.Obes Facts 2018;11:454 –464 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - December 13, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

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Obes Facts 2018;11:465 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - December 13, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Patient Perspective in Obesity Surgery: Goals for Weight Loss and Improvement of Body Shape in a Prospective Cohort Study
Conclusion: Patients lost as much weight as they had expected and later modified the goals to even greater weight loss. Body shape improved but did not reach expected levels. QOL improved independently from weight loss and body shape. Patients attributed successful weight loss predominantly to surgery.Obes Facts 2018;11:466 –474 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - December 13, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Effects of Weight Loss on Glutathione Peroxidase 3 Serum Concentrations and Adipose Tissue Expression in Human Obesity
Conclusion: Our data support the notion that SC AT GPX3 expression is associated with obesity, fat distribution and related to whole body insulin resistance.Obes Facts 2018;11:475 –490 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - December 13, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Cortisol Stress Reactivity to the Trier Social Stress Test in Obese Adults
Conclusion: In conclusion, the induction of psychosocial stress showed differences in the cortisol patterns between the obese individuals and the normal-weight controls. Furthermore, the present data suggest that obesity leads to lower cortisol activity, which may indicate alterations in the Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrencortical (HPA) axis.Obes Facts 2018;11:491 –500 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - December 13, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

A Study of Anti-Fat Bias among Danish General Practitioners and Whether This Bias and General Practitioners ’ Lifestyle Can Affect Treatment of Tension Headache in Patients with Obesity
Conclusion: Despite the presence of clear anti-fat bias, there were no differences in medical treatment, and GPs managed the general health of patients with obesity proactively. The fact that the GPs ’ own lifestyle influenced the likelihood that they would recommend diary-keeping and follow-up consultations for male patients with obesity is remarkable and requires further investigation.Obes Facts 2018;11:501 –513 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - December 13, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Plasma Oxytocin Concentration in Pre- and Postmenopausal Women: Its Relationship with Obesity, Body Composition and Metabolic Variables
Objective:To investigate the relationship between oxytocin, menopause and obesity.Methods:A cross-sectional analysis on 56 obese (OB; 28 premenopausal) and 53 normal-weight women (NW; 27 premenopausal) was performed by measurement of oxytocin, leptin, adiponectin, gonadotropins, sex steroids, glucose, and lipid homeostasis as well as DXA assessment of fat mass (%FM) and fat-free mass (FFM).Results:Women from NW and OB groups were comparable for age but differed in anthropometric measures. In our cohorts, menopause was not associated with changes in gluco-lipid homeostasis and %FM, while FFM was lower in postmenopausal wome...
Source: Obesity Facts - October 29, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Clinical Practice Recommendations for the Management of Obesity in the United Arab Emirates
The objective is to have a simple and easy-to-refer set of recommendations for busy clinicians as there were already many comprehensive international guidelines available. The panel reviewed and streamlined these recommendations in its entirety for relevance, coherence and usability in the local context. These recommendations for overweight and obesity management were circulated and endorsed by the local practising family medicine community, namely, the Emirates Medical Association and Family Medicine Society. We believe these recommendations would also be of interest to clinicians in other GCC countries. A summary and alg...
Source: Obesity Facts - October 29, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Cancers Potentially Preventable through Excess Weight Reduction in Germany in 2010
Conclusions: In Germany there is a considerable preventive potential for cancers associated with excess body weight. Efforts to prevent further weight gain and encourage weight loss should be promoted.Obes Facts 2018;11:400-412 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - October 16, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

A 12-Month Lifestyle Intervention Program Improves Body Composition and Reduces the Prevalence of Prediabetes in Obese Patients
Conclusion:The clinical effects are substantial, and it is likely that the applied intense and multidisciplinary lifestyle interventions could reduce the risk of developing diabetes and the prevalence of a full-blown metabolic syndrome in obese and prediabetic patients.Obes Facts 2018;11:393-399 (Source: Obesity Facts)
Source: Obesity Facts - October 16, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Overnutrition and Scholastic Achievement: Is There a Relationship An 8-Year Follow-Up Study
Objective:The aim of this study was to assess the association between overnutrition and scholastic achievement (SA).Methods:A representative and proportional sample of 477 children of the 5th elementary school grade of both genders was randomly chosen during 2010, in the Metropolitan Region of Chile. SA was measured through the 2009 Education Quality Measurement System (SIMCE) tests of language (LSA), mathematics (MSA) and understanding of the natural environment (UNESA). Current nutritional status was assessed through the body mass index Z-score (Z-BMI). Nutritional quality of diet, schedule exercise, socioeconomic status...
Source: Obesity Facts - October 12, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Factors Associated with High Weight Gain and Obesity Duration: The Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) Study
Aim: To identify factors associated with high weight gain and obesity duration in a representative sample of Norwegian women.Methods: 66,618 Norwegian women aged 34-70 years at baseline were included in the analysis. Baseline and follow-up questionnaires completed in 1991-2011 provided information on height, weight as well as sociodemographic, lifestyle and reproductive factors. We assessed the association with multivariable logistic regression.Results: Women gained on average 0.5 kg/year (95% CI 0.5-0.5 kg/year) during 6 years of follow-up, and 3.5% maintained in obesity during 13 years of follow-up. The factors with stro...
Source: Obesity Facts - October 11, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research