Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in an adolescent with Prader-Willi syndrome: psychosocial implications
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex genetic disorder and represents the most common genetic cause of life-threatening obesity in childhood and adolescence. The indication for bariatric surgery in children and adolescents with syndromic obesity is still controversial. This case report deals with the preoperative medical and psychosocial evaluation of a 16-year old male adolescent with PWS who underwent sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Information on a 6-month follow up is also reported. The preoperative body weight was 223 kg (BMI  = 80.9 kg/m2). (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - November 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Valentina Martinelli, Matteo Chiappedi, Eugenia Pellegrino, Maria Zugnoni, Riccardo Caccialanza, Chiara Muggia, Giulia Cogni, Luca Chiovato, Germana Bichisao, Pierluigi Politi, Andrea Pietrabissa, Andrea Peri Source Type: research

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Critically Ill Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by an acute inflammatory response in the lung parenchyma leading to severe hypoxemia. Due to its anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) have been administered to ARDS patients, mostly by enteral route as immune-enhancing diets (IEDs) with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), γ-linolenic acid, and antioxidants. However, clinical benefits of n-3 PUFAs in ARDS patients remain unclear, as clinical trials have found conflicting results. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - November 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pascal L. Langlois, Fr éderick D’ Aragon, Gil Hardy, William Manzanares Source Type: research

Australian patients with coronary heart disease achieve high adherence to 6-month Mediterranean diet intervention: preliminary results of the AUSMED Heart Trial
Coronary heart disease (CHD) refers to the development of atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries [1] and is the most common form of cardiovascular disease (CVD) throughout the world [2]. CHD has two major clinical presentations: acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and unstable angina, which constitute Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)[1]. In Australia, approximately 65,000 adults experience an ACS event each year [3] and CHD accounts for approximately 13% of all deaths [4]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - November 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hannah L Mayr, Audrey C Tierney, Teagan Kucianski, Colleen J Thomas, Catherine Itsiopoulos Source Type: research

Bioimpedance vector analysis predicts hospital length-of-stay in acute heart failure
Acute heart failure (AHF) is defined as the rapid onset or worsening of symptoms and/or signs of HF [1]. The role of peripheral and central congestion in AHF or in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is highly significant for outcome purposes [2-4]. Data from the Initiation Management Pre-discharge Assessment of Carvedilol Heart Failure (IMPACT-HF) registry has already highlighted the negative influence of fluid volume overload on clinical outcomes which can impact on mortality and morbidity in these patients [2]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - November 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Francesco Massari, Pietro Scicchitano, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Pasquale Caldarola, Nadia Aspromonte, Massimo Iacoviello, Sabrina Barro, Ivan Pantano, Roberto Valle Source Type: research

Association of Pulse Wave Velocity with body fat measures at 30 years of age
In 2012, cardiovascular disease (CVD) was the leading cause of death among the noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) (17.5 million deaths, or 46% of all NCD deaths) [1]. Among the multiple cardiovascular risk factors, obesity is one of the most important, because it may increase the risk of other factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia [2]. The prevalence of overweight/obesity has increased substantially in the last few decades [3,4] and has been responsible for 10 to 40 % of CVD deaths [5]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - November 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Carolina Avila Vianna, Bernardo L Horta, Maria Cristina Gonzalez Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in a Greek case-control study
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered to be a potential new component of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) [1]. It is characterized by excessive flux of fatty acids (FA) and triglycerides (TG) accumulation in the liver, primarily activated by dietary factors, obesity and insulin resistance [2]. This results in increased inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction in the liver, conditions that lead to fibrosis and cell apoptosis. Moreover, genetic and epigenetic factors, as well as gut microbiome dysfunction, further induce hepatic steatosis, inflammation and oxidative stress. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ioanna Panagiota Kalafati, Dimitra Borsa, Maria Dimitriou, Konstantinos Revenas, Alexander Kokkinos, George Dedoussis Source Type: research

Neuropeptides in the microbiota-brain axis and feeding behavior in autism spectrum disorder
Altered feeding behavior is a common feature in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) adding to the main pathological characteristics of impaired communication and social interaction [1]. Typical alterations include both food refusal and aversion based on food texture, appearance or presentation of new food [2, 3]. Although ASD subjects consume sufficient amount of calories and do not typically display symptoms of malnutrition such as body weight loss, selective deficit of some vitamins and microelement can be present, mainly due to low consumption of fruits and vegetables [4, 5]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sergue ï O. Fetissov, Olga V. Averina, Valery N. Danilenko Tags: Review article for Nutrition Source Type: research

Smoking status affects bioimpedance-derived phase angle in men but not in women: the pr Ó-saÚde study, brazil
Cigarette smoking is a major cause of preventable disease and premature death around the world, with most of these deaths occurring in low and middle-income countries [1]. This conjuncture may be worsen considering that, in general, smokers tend to adopt other unhealthy habits, including consumption of fewer nutritious foods, greater amounts of alcoholic beverages, calories [2] and a sedentary lifestyle that, ultimately, may affect body composition [3]. Smoking results in muscle wasting due to cigarette smoke substances which stimulate proteolysis and impair protein synthesis. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mariana Ribeiro Costa Portugal, Flavia Barbosa Brito, Cintia Chaves Curioni, Flavia Fioruci Bezerra, Eduardo Faerstein, Josely Correa Koury Source Type: research

Relationship between Saturated Fatty Acid Intake and Hypertension and Oxidative Stress
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide [1]. Blood pressure (BP) is known to increase with age. The Framingham Heart Study reported that the residual lifetime risk of hypertension is 90%, while the probability of the new onset of hypertension is 60% for middle-aged and elderly individuals [2]. Therefore, the primary prevention of hypertension among middle-aged and elderly individuals is one of the most important public health issues. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Haruki Nakamura, Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Yasuhiro Kambayashi, Akinori Hara, Sakae Miyagi, Yohei Yamada, Thao Thi Thu Nguyen, Yukari Shimizu, Daisuke Hori, Hiroyuki Nakamura Source Type: research

The Maastricht-FFQ: Development and Validation of a Comprehensive Food Frequency Questionnaire for The Maastricht Study
To develop and validate a comprehensive food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for The Maastricht Study, a population-based prospective cohort study in Maastricht, The Netherlands. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Martien C.J.M. van Dongen, Nicole E.G. Wijckmans-Duysens, Louise J.C.J. den Biggelaar, Marga C. Ock, Saskia Meijboom, Henny A.M Brants, Jeanne H.M. de Vries, Edith J.M. Feskens, H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Anouk Geelen, Coen D.A. Stehouwer, Pieter C. Dagnel Source Type: research

Inflammatory process of patients receiving parenteral nutrition is not exclusively responsible for low selenium and glutathione peroxidase levels
Selenium and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) levels have been inversely correlated with the mortality and clinical complications [1,2,3]. Selenium is involved in the main metabolic functions of the body. Among them, the role of the immune system, thyroid metabolism and the antioxidative process have been highlighted [1,2,4]. This mineral supplementation seems to be an effective strategy to prevent or treat its deficiency, and contribute to reduction of hospitalizations and mortality rates [5]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Renata Germano Borges de Oliveira Nascimento Freitas, Gabriel Hessel, Silvia Maria Franciscato Cozzolino, Ana Carolina Junqueira Vasques, Kaluce Gon çalves de Sousa Almondes, José Alexandre Coelho Pimentel, Roberto José Negrão Nogueira Source Type: research

Dietary habits and adherence to dietary recommendations in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes compared with the general population in Denmark
Diet is a cornerstone in the management of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) and dietary guidance aim to maintain and improve healthy eating habits in order to achieve optimal metabolic control. According to The Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [1] dietary guidelines for patients with T1D and T2D are very similar to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) [2] including the National Food-based Dietary Guidelines [3] targeted the general population. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: B. Ewers, E. Trolle, E.S.S. Jacobsen, D. Vististen, T.P. Almdal, T. Vilsb øll, J.M. Bruun Source Type: research

Association of healthy eating index and oxidative stress in adolescent volleyball athletes and non-athletes
In sports, food is one of the pillars of health and performance. The development of nutritional guidelines, as well as the consensus and positioning of sport societies and reference agencies have multiplied in recent years due to the increasingly evident influence of macro- and micronutrients on exercise [1]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Priscila Berti Zanella, Pauline Maciel August, Fernanda Donner Alves, Cristiane Matt é, Carolina Guerini de Souza Source Type: research

Low vitamin D at ICU admission is associated with cancer, infections, acute respiratory insufficiency and liver failure
25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) is synthesised by the skin from 7-dehydrocholesterol in response to sun exposure [1], and can also be obtained through the diet [2]. Both dietary and endogenous vitamin D concentrations are considered biologically inactive. To become active, vitamin D undergoes hydroxylation, initially in the liver by 25-hydroxylase, forming 25(OH)D; subsequently, 25(OH)D undergoes further hydroxylation by 1 alpha-hydroxylase in the kidney and forms 1.25-dihydroxyvitamin D, the active form of vitamin D [3,4]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tatyanne L N Gomes, Renata C Fernandes, Liana L Vieira, Raquel M Schincaglia, Jo ão F Mota, Marciano S Nóbrega, Claude Pichard, Gustavo D Pimentel Source Type: research

Fresh fruit intake in pregnancy and the association with gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study
Fresh fruit intake has been shown to be associated with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), however, the evidence is limited and the findings are inconsistent. We aimed to assess the association of fresh fruit intake, fruit subgroups based on their glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values and GDM incidence in Chinese pregnant women. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xuezhen Zhou, Renjuan Chen, Chunrong Zhong, Jiangyue Wu, Xiating Li, Qian Li, Wenli Cui, Nianhua Yi, Mei Xiao, Heng Yin, Guoping Xiong, Weizhen Han, Liping Hao, Xuefeng Yang, Nianhong Yang Source Type: research

Impact of sarcopenia on clinical outcomes after radical gastrectomy for patients without nutritional risk
This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients without nutritional risk and the association between sarcopenia and postoperative outcomes after radical gastrectomy in these patients.Method: We conducted a study of gastric cancer patients without nutritional risk who underwent gastrectomy from August 2014 to December 2017 in two centers. Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) was used to evaluate the nutritional risk. Patients who with NRS 2002 score (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bing-Wei Ma, Xi-Yi Chen, Sheng-Dong Fan, Feng-Min Zhang, Dong-Dong Huang, Bo Li, Xian Shen, Cheng-Le Zhuang, Zhen Yu Source Type: research

Hypometabolism as a potential risk factor for overweight and obesity in liver recipients
Recent advances in the treatment of patients who underwent liver transplantation (LT) have resulted in a substantial increase in survival rates. Consequently, long-term complications such as obesity [1], hypertension [2, 3], diabetes [4], dyslipidemia [5], cardiovascular disease [2, 6] and other metabolic disorders have become prevalent. Additionally, excessive body weight gain after the operation is an important risk factor for graft failure and death [7], which highlights the utmost importance to adopt effective strategies to control the exacerbated adiposity. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: D ébora Fernandes Rodrigues, Nayara Mussi Monteze, Gabriela Barbosa Pires Fagundes, Brenda Loise Monteiro, Agnaldo Soares Lima, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia, Simone de Vasconcelos Generoso, Adaliene Versiani Matos Ferreira Source Type: research

Correlation between DXA and laboratory parameters in normal weight, overweight and obese patients
The number of people affected by obesity is increasing globally [1]. The body mass index (BMI) is widely used for the assessment and quantification of obesity, but it is not useful to evaluate the degree of abdominal obesity, which is a risk factor for cardiometabolic pathologies (e.g. metabolic syndrome, hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus) [2-4]. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a valid technique to assess body composition, able to quantitate whole-body and regional fat mass (FM), lean mass (LM) and bone mineral content (BMC) [5]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Maria Pilar Aparisi G ómez, Federico Ponti, Daniele Mercatelli, Chiara Gasperini, Alessandro Napoli, Giuseppe Battista, Stefano Cariani, Giulio Marchesini, Alberto Bazzocchi Source Type: research

Protein malnutrition impairs the immune control of Trichinella spiralis infection
It is known that the immune system is affected by malnutrition causing a higher susceptibility to infections [1]. Malnutrition and gastrointestinal nematode infections are chronic diseases that often co-exist in individuals from developing countries [2]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cecilia C. Vila, Mar ía P. Saracino, Guido H. Falduto, Marcela A. Calcagno, Stella M. Venturiello, Anabel N. Pallaro, Pablo C. Baldi Source Type: research

Running performance in a timed city run and body composition: a cross-sectional study in over 3000 runners
Running performance depends on physiological and anthropometrical parameters which can both be improved by training. [1,2] (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fran çois R. Herrmann, Christophe Graf, Véronique L. Karsegard, Julie Mareschal, Najate Achamrah, Marta Delsoglio, Maximilian Schindler, Claude Pichard, Laurence Genton Source Type: research

No association of either fruits or vegetables with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in middle-aged men and women.
It is hypothesized that fruit and vegetable intake is inversely associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD). However, some studies have speculated that fruit intake might be positively associated with NAFLD, due to its fructose content. This might cause consumers to hesitate to eat fruit. We assessed the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and NAFLD. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ryoko Tajima, Takeshi Kimura, Ayaka Enomoto, Aki Saito, Satomi Kobayashi, Katsunori Masuda, Kaoruko Iida Source Type: research

β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) improves mitochondrial function in myocytes through pathways involving PPARβ/δ and CDK4
Mitochondria are normally regarded as the “power house” of the cell and provide adenosine triphosphate (ATP) for cellular metabolic activity [1]. In addition, mitochondria are implicated in the modulation of skeletal muscle fiber size, metabolism, and function [2]. In particular, increased mitochondrial content and function is closely a ssociated with enhanced oxidative capacity of muscle fibers, leading to improved muscle health and whole-body health and wellbeing [3]. Therefore, the increased mitochondrial content and function may partially contribute to the positive effects of elevated muscle oxidative capac...
Source: Nutrition - October 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yinzhao Zhong, Liming Zeng, Jinping Deng, Yehui Duan, Fengna Li Source Type: research

Probiotics and sports: is it a new magic bullet?
In sports field is discussed that athletes may be at risk of several disorders due to an exhaustive training load, exercise intensity, travel, inadequate rest and poor nutrition [1,2]. Strenuous exercise promotes immunodepression, oxidative stress, increased respiratory illness symptoms (URS) and gastrointestinal (GI) disorders [3,4]. Moreover, especially athletes of long distance sports (marathon, triathlon and ultra-endurance), commonly report health issues and endotoxemia [1,5,6]. Thus, there is a growing scientific body looking for strategies, especially in the nutritional supplementation field, to prevent these condit...
Source: Nutrition - October 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Geovana SF Leite, Ayane S Resende, Nicholas P West, Antonio H Lancha Source Type: research

Vitamin C for the critically ills: is the evidence strong enough?
Adequate intake of vitamin C is of uttermost importance in humans considering that, similarly to most other mammals, humans lack the L-gulonolactone oxidase required for its production. Adequate plasma levels are therefore dependent on sufficient vitamin C intake and adequate absorption by the intestinal sodium-dependant vitamin C transporter (SVCT1) [1]. As a water-soluble vitamin, it is filtrated in kidney by the glomerulus and is reabsorbed in the proximal tubule. This reabsorption is critical in case of deficiency to minimize renal loss. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pascal L. Langlois, Fran çois Lamontage Tags: Review Source Type: research

Long-term ketone body therapy of severe multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) – A case report
MADD is the most severe disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid ß-oxidation. Treatment of this disorder is difficult since the functional loss of the ETF makes energy supply from fatty acids impossible. Acetyl-CoA, provided by exogenous ketone bodies like NaßHB, is the only treatment option in severe cases. Short-term therapy attempts have shown positive resul ts. There are no reports about long-term application of ketone body salts in patients with severe MADD. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tobias Fischer, Ulrike Och, Thorsten Marquardt Source Type: research

Raw orange intake is associated with the higher prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in an adult population
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common public health issue with high prevalence estimates ranging from 25% to 45% [1], and has potentially serious sequelae such as hepatic insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and liver cancer [2]. In China, the prevalence of NAFLD among adults in the general population is more than 20% and has paralleled the increase in both obesity and type 2 diabetes [3]. Unfortunately, there is no conclusive evidence for any particular treatment approach for NAFLD. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yang Xia, Zuolin Lu, Min Lu, Mingyue Liu, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Bin Yu, Hongmei Wu, Xue Bao, Yeqing Gu, Hongbin Shi, Honglei Wang, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Huiling Xiang, Zhong Sun, Kaijun Niu Source Type: research

Independent and Combined Effects of Handgrip Strength and Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet on Blood Pressure in Chilean Children
Growing evidence indicates that hypertension, which is one of the major modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease, is established in early life [1] and is increasingly becoming a problem in the developed world [2]. The recent global obesity epidemic has led to an increase in hypertension in children [3]. Similarly to adult hypertension, childhood hypertension is typically asymptomatic but is capable of producing pathophysiological changes that promote atherosclerosis [4], and this disease tracks from childhood into adult life [5]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Eddie Daniel Vegas-Heredia, Omar Fern ández-Vergara, Rodrigo Ceballos-Ceballos, Rodrigo Andrade-Schnettler, Paola Arellano-Ruiz, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez Source Type: research

Body composition measurement by air displacement plethysmography in pregnancy: comparison of predicted versus measured thoracic gas volume
Excess body adiposity has been linked to pregnancy-associated maternal and offspring morbidity [1]. Body composition reflects nutritional status and provides more precise information about the adiposity of the body than the widely used BMI [2]. There is marked inter-individual variation in FM and FFM gain, emphasizing the importance of measuring body composition [3]. Air displacement plethysmography (ADP) is recognized as a valid method to measure adiposity in overweight and obese non-pregnant women [4], and it has also been proposed to be the preferred method for assessing maternal fat mass (FM) during pregnancy [3]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Outi Pellonper ä, Ella Koivuniemi, Tero Vahlberg, Kati Mokkala, Kristiina Tertti, Tapani Rönnemaa, Kirsi Laitinen Tags: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary inflammatory index and parameters of diet quality in normal weight and obese patients undergoing hemodialysis
Protein energy wasting (PEW) is a major concern in hemodialysis patients and associated with increased morbidity and mortality [1, 2]. Wasting originates from an interaction between insufficient dietary intake, inflammation, endocrine disorders, anorexia, oxidative stress, and other disorders. Inadequate dietary intake and inflammation are two major contributors of wasting in hemodialysis [3, 4]. Different oral or intradialytic parenteral nutrition supplementations may be required to the prevention and treatment of PEW in renal patients [5]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Elham Alipoor, Razieh Karimbeiki, Nitin Shivappa, Mehdi Yaseri, James R Hebert, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar Source Type: research

High doses of sodium bicarbonate increase lactate levels and delay exhaustion in a cycling performance test
This study aimed to determine the effects of different NaHCO3 doses on performance and lactate clearance in non-professional cyclists. METHODS: Twenty one cyclists performed three double blind trials: (i) ingestion of 0.3 g • kg−1 body weight (BW) of placebo; (ii) ingestion of 0.1 g • kg−1 BW NaHCO3 plus 0.2 g • kg−1 BW placebo (0.1BC); and (iii) ingestion of 0.3 g • kg−1 BW NaHCO3 (0.3BC). (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Luis H.B. Ferreira, Andre C. Smolarek, Philip D. Chilibeck, Marcelo P. Barros, Steven R. McAnulty, Brad.J Schoenfeld, Bruna Amorim Zandona, T ácito P. Souza-Junior Source Type: research

Nutrients, Immune System and Exercise: Where it will take us?
The immune system protects the body against pathogens and plays a fundamental role in maintaining tissue homeostasis and preventing many inflammatory and metabolic diseases.[1] (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: H.A.P. Batatinha, L. Biondo, F.S. Lira, L.M. Castell, J.C. Rosa-Neto Source Type: research

Effects of early enteral bovine colostrum supplementation on intestinal permeability in critically ill patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
The gastrointestinal (GI) epithelium functions as an immunological barrier against luminal penetration by toxins, allergens, and pathogens (1). This barrier function can be impaired by physical stress due to critical illness (2). Moreover, the disruption of the specialized junctional complexes, called tight junctions, plays a crucial role in bacterial translocation and nosocomial infections (1). These infections are commonly reported in the intensive care unit (ICU) and seem to be related to a gut-barrier malfunction in critically ill patients (2). (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ghazaleh Eslamian, Seyed Hossein Ardehali, Ahmad-Reza Baghestani, Zahra Vahdat Shariatpanahi Source Type: research

Outcome of kidney function in adults on long-term home parenteral nutrition for chronic intestinal failure
Chronic intestinal failure (CIF) is the long-lasting reduction of gut function below the minimum necessary for the absorption of macronutrients and/or water and electrolytes, such that intravenous supplementation is required to maintain health and/or growth [1]. Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is the primary treatment for CIF [1]. Metabolic complications can develop in patients on HPN for CIF. The pathogenesis is multifactorial due to factors related to CIF, HPN, systemic conditions (i.e. episodes of sepsis) and/or life-style characteristics (i.e. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: F. Agostini, A.S. Sasdelli, M. Guidetti, G. Comai, G. La Manna, L. Pironi Source Type: research

Aldehydes Identified in Commercially Available Omega-3 Supplements via 1H NMR Spectroscopy
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the greatest cause of mortality globally [1]. CVD is demonstrably causally related to chronic inflammation [2, 3, 4] among other factors. Studies have suggested that omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory and therefore cardioprotective effects [5, 6, 7, 8, 9]. The long chain PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are the main omega-3 fatty acids to which have been attributed cardio protective effects [8]. As the Western diet is usually low in omega-3 fatty acids, supplementation is generally recommended [10, 11]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pim Jansson, Bartholomew Kay Source Type: research

Changes in lipid metabolism in pediatric patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Author's response re. “Changes in plasma lipid profiles in sepsis.”
First of all, we would like to thank Chiarla et al. [1] for the recognition of our work. There is limited knowledge concerning the lipid profiles of critically ill pediatric patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome; thus, we conducted our study to evaluate whether changes in lipid profiles were present in children admitted to our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) with a clinical diagnosis of severe sepsis/septic shock and whether these changes were attenuated according to clinical improvement [2]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ana Carolina G. Bermudes, Artur F. Delgado, Werther B. de Carvalho Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

High-fat, high-protein and high-carbohydrate diet affect sphingolipid profile in pancreatic steatosis in wistar rats
Wrong nutritional habits, including e.g. excessive protein, fat, and carbohydrate consumption, contribute to numerous metabolic diseases [1]. According to the data published by the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2016 about 650 million people (which is ca. 10% of the global population) were obese [1]. Moreover, about 3.7 million people die every year due to obesity-related diseases worldwide. In addition, it was estimated that its prevalence has almost tripled since the mid 1970s [1]. Wrong nutritional habits lead to the accumulation of lipids in the various tissues and organs. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ma łgorzata Żendzian-Piotrowska, Bartłomiej Łukaszuk, Mateusz Maciejczyk, Lucyna Ostrowska, Anna Zalewska, Adrian Chabowski, Krzysztof Kurek Source Type: research

The Ketogenic Diet as a Potential Treatment and Prevention Strategy for Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia, which is estimated to affect as many as 24 million people worldwide, a prevalence that is expected to double every 20 years [1]. Although there is limited understanding of the etiological mechanisms behind AD, toxic amyloid beta (A β) plaques and tangles in the brain are thought to cause the progression of the disease, as autopsies show that these accumulate excessively in AD brains, resulting in heightened rates of cell death [2]. For this reason, much research has focused on reducing these plaques and tangles, but further e vidence now points toward neuromet...
Source: Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gina M. Broom, Ian C. Shaw, Julia J. Rucklidge Source Type: research

The effect of gender and race on body mass index and percent body fat in young adults
Mississippi has the second highest adult obesity rate in the United States. One third of the adult population (37.3%) in the state of Mississippi fall in the obese category measured by body mass index (BMI). The condition of being obese or overweight is defined as having abnormal or excessive body fat accumulation that may harm one's health (Levie et al., 2017). These high rates of obesity are concerning due to their association with increased risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases [20]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ahmed Ch. Saddam, Heidi M. Foster, Moge Zhang, Terezie T. Mosby Source Type: research

Cranberry Juice Decreases Disease Activity in Women with Rheumatoid Arthritis
The term rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was described more than 150 years ago to distinguish it from other forms of arthritis, such as acute rheumatism and gout [1]. RA is characterized by the progressive destruction of the joints as well as by extra-articular involvement and is thus classified as a systemic inflammatory disease. The disorder likely develops from individuals who are genetically susceptible to abnormal immune responses and have been exposed to specific environmental factors. RA affects millions of people worldwide, 1% of the population, and an estimated 2 million people in the United States [2]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nataly Sim ões Bandiera Thimóteo, Tatiana Mayumi Veiga Iryioda, Daniela Frizon Alfieri, Brunna Emanuella França Rego, Bruna Miglioranza Scavuzzi, Elis Fatel, Marcell Alysson Batisti Lozovoy, Andréa Name Colado Simão, Isaias Dichi, Effects of cranberr Source Type: research

Effects of Dietary Sport Supplements on Metabolite Accumulation, Vasodilation and Cellular Swelling in Relation to Muscle Hypertrophy: A Focus on “secondary” physiological determinants
Skeletal muscle remodelling is an adaptive process dependent on mechanical and chemical factors affecting muscle protein accretion (1).The optimal relative intensity suggested by the American College of Sports Medicine to induce a robust muscle hypertrophy effect is approximately 75% of the 1RM (repetition maximum) (2). However, several recent studies performed with and without BFR (blood flow restriction) resistance training have demonstrated that muscle hypertrophy can occur while using loads as low as 20 to 40% 1RM. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jason Cholewa, Eric Trexler, Fernanda Lima-Soares, Kassiana de Ara újo Pessôa, Raissa Souza, Azenildo Moura Santos, Xia Zhi, Humberto Nicastro, Christian Emmanuel Torres Cabido, Marcelo Conrado de Freitas, Fabricio Rossi, Nelo Eidy Zanchi Source Type: research

Impact of home enteral nutrition after pancreaticoduodenectomy
Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is the only potential curative approach for treating premalignant and malignant neoplasms of periampullary lesions, and represents one of the most invasive procedures in the field of abdominal surgery, being associated with postoperative morbidity rates of 30 –40%.[1] (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Daisuke Ito, Junichi Arita, Masaki Yamamoto, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Junichi Kaneko, Hideaki Ijichi, Naoto Kubota, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Norihiro Kokudo, Kiyoshi Hasegawa Source Type: research

Probiotics improve gut microbiota dysbiosis in obese mice fed a high-fat or high-sucrose diet
The prevalence of obesity has been dramatically increasing globally over decades [1]. Obesity is caused by a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors, and is also suggested to be the result of a long-term imbalance between energy intake and expenditure [2]. Calorie-rich foods that are high in fat or carbohydrates combining with sedentary lifestyles are the most common factors underlying the global obesity epidemic [3]. High-fat diets (HFD) increase adipose tissue and induce metabolic and cardiovascular disorders (such as atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and hypertension [4, 5]), especially in those...
Source: Nutrition - October 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cheng Kong, Renyuan Gao, Xuebing Yan, Linsheng Huang, Huanlong Qin Source Type: research

Dietary patterns during pregnancy derived by reduced-rank regression and their association with gestational diabetes mellitus
The gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) not only affects the mother's health, by increasing the long-term risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular disease,(1) but also places the foetus at a higher risk of developing chronic noncommunicable diseases in adulthood.(2) Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop investigations aimed at better understanding the modifiable maternal risk factors related to the disease. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Daniela Saes Sartorelli, Daniela Cristina Candelas Zuccolotto, L ívia Castro Crivellenti, Laércio Joel Franco Source Type: research

Hospitals Lead by Poor Example: An Assessment of Snacks, Soda, and Junk Food Availability in Veterans Affairs Hospitals
Rates of overweight and obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes continue to rise throughout the United States. Recent trends in obesity reveal that the age-standardized prevalence of obesity among adults increased to 39.6% in 2015-2016 from 33.7% in 2007-2008 (1). Furthermore, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome increased to 34.7% in 2012, from 32.9% in 2004 (2). According to the Center for Disease Control, 40% of cancer diagnoses are related to obesity (3). Additionally, studies reveal that a significant proportion of cancer diagnoses are attributable to a combined effect of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diab...
Source: Nutrition - October 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Colin E. Champ, Nick A. Iarrobino, Christopher P. Haskins Source Type: research

“Creatine supplementation can improve impact control in high-intensity interval training”
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has recently become a widespread exercise approach, since it seems to be a time-efficient way to induce similar or even improved adaptations of conventional endurance training (1 –5). HIIT consists of repeated bouts of high-intensity intervals of exercise interspersed with low-intensity or passive rest periods. HIIT is an exercise mode designed to repeatedly stress the body with intense stimulus in different types of exercise, including running. As a result, previous studi es have shown that HIIT can also lead to high levels of mechanical load (6–9). (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 8, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ana Paula Azevedo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Performance and altitude: is there anything that nutrition can do for it?
High-altitude regions are associated with sports, especially football, and climbing. However, tourists, workers such as miners and plane pilots, and residents of these regions also suffer from the same rigors [1]. In South America, for example, each year approximately 4,000 people visit the Aconcagua Provincial Park, in the Argentine Andes, where the maximum altitude can reach 6,960m. Curiously, only 60% of these people visit the park because of the climbing options it offers. The other 40% are attracted to the park by the natural beauty, in spite of the risks inherent to the pass in these regions. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: AV Caris, Santos RVT Source Type: research

Vitamin D, muscle recovery, sarcopenia, cachexia and muscle atrophy
The words muscle atrophy, muscle hypertrophy, sarcopenia and cachexia were crossed over with Vitamin D in a Pubmed search. All original contributions, along with reviews on the topic were included, and no publications, in the last 10 years, discarded. The papers retrieved different topics such as Vitamin D in skeletal muscle; Vitamin D in circulation; Vitamin D, Sarcopenia and Muscle Atrophy; Vitamin D and Cachexia and Vitamin D and Muscle Recovery. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Matheus Garcia, Marilia Seelaender, Athanassia Sotiropoulos, Dario Coletti, Antonio Herbert Lancha Source Type: research

A New Clinical Perspective: Treating Obesity with Nutritional Coaching v. Energy-restricted Diets
Obesity is an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation potentially leading to development of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, and cancers that now affects more than 1.8 billion people [1]. Lifestyle interventions are often recommended to treat obesity with energy-restricted diets (ERD) most commonly used for management of this disease. The U.S. weight loss market is valued at over $66 billion and it seems thousands of new diets are created every year [2]. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Paula Helena Dayan, Gary A Sforzo, Nathalie Boisseau, Luciana Oquendo Pereira-Lancha, Antonio Herbert Lancha Source Type: research

Fat-free mass in adolescent athletes: accuracy of bioimpedance equations and identification of new predictive equations
A correct assessment of body composition in adolescent athletes is fundamental. It allows the prescription of adequate training and diet, and reduces the risk of mistakes that could affect health and athletic performance (1). Furthermore, it makes it possible to monitor the effects of physical activity and sports practice, and to evaluate physical performance. In fact, fat-free mass (FFM) is considered a predictor of muscular strength (2) and physical fitness (3), while vigorous exercise has shown to be associated with muscular strength (4) and lean mass (5) (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Josely Correa Koury, Maria Almeida Ribeiro, Fabia Albernaz Massarani, Filomena Vieira, Elisabetta Marini Source Type: research

Effects of glutamine and alanine supplementation on muscle fatigue parameters of rats submitted to resistance training
Muscle fatigue designates biochemical changes occurring within the skeletal muscle cell, which reduce strength and power, impairing physical performance [1,2]. One of the main causes of this phenomenon is the reduction of energy substrates for the continuity of the exercise, evidenced by increased concentrations of enzymes and metabolites from the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) metabolism, such as adenosine monophosphate deaminase (AMPD), xanthine, and hypoxanthine, and by the decrease of energy stores, such as glycogen. (Source: Nutrition)
Source: Nutrition - October 6, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Raquel Raizel, Andrea Bonvini, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Julio Tirapegui Source Type: research