Reply to Dr. Rezaei and Dr. Gholami
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): P. Strazzullo, L. D'Elia, M. Bonaccio, L. Iacoviello, SINU Working Group on Nutrition and Stroke (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Letter to the editor about “Diet and primary prevention of stroke: Systematic review and dietary recommendations by the ad hoc Working Group of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition”
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): S. Rezaei, A. Gholami (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

In memoriam Alberto Zanchetti (Parma July 27, 1926 – Milan March 24, 2018)
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

In memoriam Lars A. Carlson
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Obesity, weight change, and mortality in older adults with metabolic abnormalities
ConclusionsOverweight was associated with less mortality risk, and obesity was not associated with mortality risk in older adults with metabolic abnormalities. Mortality risk increased with the increase in weight loss or weight gain, regardless of body weight levels at the baseline. These findings suggest that maintaining a stable weight may be the best choice in older adults with metabolic abnormalities. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The association of neck circumference with risk of metabolic syndrome and its components in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionSubjects with higher NC were at approximately two-fold higher risk for hypertriglyceridemia compared to those with lower NC. We found positive associations between NC, WC, BMI, hypertension, FBS, TC, LDL-C, SBP, DBP, and low HDL-C concentrations. However, heterogeneity was considerably high. Therefore, the findings should be taken with caution. Future studies using longitudinal designs are needed to further understand the association between NC and features of MetS. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Flavanols are potential anti-obesity agents, a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): M. Akhlaghi, S. Ghobadi, M. Mohammad Hosseini, Z. Gholami, F. MohammadianAbstractBackgroundThe anti-obesity potential of flavonoids has been shown by animal and human studies. In this meta-analysis, we systematically reviewed controlled clinical trials and quantified the effects of flavonoids and flavonoid subclasses on obesity-related anthropometric measures.Methods and resultsPubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest databases were searched to identify trials examining the effect of flavonoids on ...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Soy isoflavones improve cardiovascular disease risk markers in women during the early menopause
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): T. Sathyapalan, M. Aye, A.S. Rigby, N.J. Thatcher, S.R. Dargham, E.S. Kilpatrick, S.L. AtkinAbstractBackgroundHormone replacement therapy may be beneficial for cardiovascular disease risk (CVR) in post-menopausal women. Soy isoflavones may act as selective estrogen receptor modulators. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether soy isoflavones had an effect on CVR markers.MethodsThe expected 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality were calculated as a secondary endpoint from a double blind rand...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effect of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk: A randomized 1-year trial
ConclusionsBoth intermittent and continuous energy restriction resulted in similar weight loss, maintenance and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors after one year. However, feelings of hunger may be more pronounced during intermittent energy restriction.Trial registrationwww.clinicaltrials.govNCT02480504. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of sensor-augmented pump therapy in two different patient populations with type 1 diabetes in Italy
ConclusionIn Italy, the use of SAP with automated insulin suspension is associated with projected improvements in outcomes as compared to CSII. These benefits translate into an ICER usually considered as good value for money, particularly in patients at elevated risk of hypoglycemia. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fasting and post-glucose load measures of insulin resistance and risk of incident atrial fibrillation: The Cardiovascular Health Study
ConclusionsWe found no evidence of an association between either fasting or post-glucose load IR measures and incident AF. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Glucose lowering strategies and cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes – teachings from the TOSCA.IT study
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): O. Vaccaro, M. Masulli, G. RiccardiAbstractTOSCA.IT is an institutional, non-industry-supported, head-to-head study comparing long term cardiovascular effects, efficacy and safety of two antidiabetes drugs (pioglitazone vs sulphonylureas) used in combination with metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study results show that in the absence of clinically evident cardiovascular disease both treatment strategies represent suitable alternatives; however, in consideration of the greater durability...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome associates with left atrial dysfunction
ConclusionsMetS associates with subclinical LA dysfunction. Multiple components of MetS are related to LA dysfunction, notably visceral obesity and insulin resistance. Further studies are needed to elucidate the role of mechanical atrial remodeling in the development of AF. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations between persistent organic pollutants and metabolic syndrome in morbidly obese individuals
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): S. Dusanov, J. Ruzzin, H. Kiviranta, T.O. Klemsdal, L. Retterstøl, P. Rantakokko, R. Airaksinen, S. Djurovic, S. TonstadAbstractBackground and aimsPersons with “metabolically healthy” obesity may develop cardiometabolic complications at a lower rate than equally obese persons with evident metabolic syndrome. Even morbidly obese individuals vary in risk profile. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are widespread environmental chemicals that impair metabolic homeostasis. We explored whether p...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Olive oil and prevention of chronic diseases: Summary of an International conference
Publication date: July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 7Author(s): F. Visioli, M. Franco, E. Toledo, J. Luchsinger, W.C. Willett, F.B. Hu, M.A. Martinez-GonzalezAbstractOlive oil is the foremost source of fat in the Mediterranean area and, among other features, sets the Mediterranean diet apart from other dietary regimens. In January 2018, the International Olive Council convened several worldwide experts at the Robert Mondavi Institute (Davis, CA), to discuss and summarize the available data on the effects of olive oil consumption on human health. In this paper, we criticall...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

(−)-Epicatechin Inhibits Development Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy In Δ Sarcoglycan Null Mouse
ConclusionAll the results indicate that (–)-epicatechin has the potential to prevent the development of dilated cardiomyopathy of genetic origin and encourages the use of this flavonol as a pharmacological therapy for dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure diseases. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Leptin to Adiponectin ratio – a surrogate biomarker for early detection of metabolic disturbances in obesity
ConclusionL:A ratio was able to detect early metabolic disturbances in obese individuals, and may be a potential useful clinical surrogate biomarker of metabolic disorders. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Small dense LDL cholesterol in human subjects with different chronic inflammatory diseases
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): D.M. Schulte, K. Paulsen, K. Türk, B. Brandt, S. Freitag-Wolf, I. Hagen, R. Zeuner, J.O. Schröder, W. Lieb, A. Franke, S. Nikolaus, U. Mrowietz, S. Gerdes, S. Schreiber, M. LaudesAbstractBackground and AimsChronic inflammatory diseases (CID) are associated with a profound increase in cardiovascular (CV) risk resulting in reduced life expectancy. However, LDL-cholesterol is reported to be low in CID patients which is referred to as the “LDL paradoxon”. The aim of the present study was to in...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Are the dietary habits of treated individuals with celiac disease adherent to a Mediterranean diet?
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): F. Morreale, C. Agnoli, L. Roncoroni, S. Sieri, V. Lombardo, T. Mazzeo, L. Elli, M.T. Bardella, C. Agostoni, L. Doneda, A. Scriciolo, F. Brighenti, N. PellegriniAbstractBackground and AimsThe only treatment for celiac disease (CD) is strict, lifelong adherence to a gluten-free (GF) diet. To date, there are contrasting data concerning the nutritional adequacy of GF products and diet. There have been no studies that have assessed the adherence of individuals with CD to a Mediterranean diet (MD), a protective diet...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Association between eating time interval and frequency with ideal cardiovascular health: Results from a random sample Czech urban population
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that skipping breakfast or the afternoon snack are risk factors for poor CVH, while higher eating time interval and frequency may promote ideal CVH. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 8Author(s): (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Effects of alpha-lipoic acid supplementation on C-reactive protein level: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials
ConclusionsResults of the current meta-analysis study showed that alpha-lipoic acid supplementation could significantly decrease CRP level in patients with elevated levels of this inflammatory marker. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Lower C-reactive protein and IL-6 associated with vegetarian diets are mediated by BMI
Publication date: August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 8Author(s): K. Jaceldo-Siegl, E. Haddad, S. Knutsen, J. Fan, J. Lloren, D. Bellinger, G.E. FraserAbstractBackground and aimsThe mechanism by which vegetarian diets are associated with less inflammation is not clear. We investigated the role of BMI as a mediator in the relationship between vegetarian diet and concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), and the cytokines IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α.Methods and resultsWe used data from participants of the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2) Calibration (n = 893) and...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein, low-grade systemic inflammation and type 2 diabetes mellitus: A two-sample Mendelian randomization study
ConclusionEvidence was provided for a potential causal association between hsCRP and T2D, but only after considering directional pleiotropy. However, hsCRP was not causally associated with glycemic traits. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Coffee consumption and risk of aortic valve stenosis: A prospective study
Publication date: August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 8Author(s): S.C. Larsson, A. Wolk, N. Håkansson, M. BäckAbstractBackground and aimsCoffee contains many biologically active compounds with potential adverse or beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. Whether coffee consumption is associated with the risk of aortic valve stenosis (AVS) is unknown. The purpose of this study was therefore to examine the association between coffee consumption and AVS incidence.Methods and resultsThis prospective study included 71 178 men and women who provided infor...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Is increased uric acid a risk factor or a defensive response? The Campania Salute Network
Publication date: August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 8Author(s): C. Mancusi, R. Izzo, L.A. Ferrara, F. Rozza, M.A. Losi, G. Canciello, M. Pepe, N. de Luca, B. Trimarco, G. de SimoneAbstractBackground and aimsCirculating uric acid (UA) is positively associated with body mass index (BMI), blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), markers of inflammation, and altered lipid profile. UA has also anti-oxidative properties which might be beneficial for cardiovascular (CV) system. It is still debated whether or not UA is independently associated with increased CV morbidity and/or morta...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Sex disparity persists in the prevention of cardiovascular disease in women on statin therapy compared to that in men
Publication date: August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 8Author(s): S. Moreno-Arellano, J. Delgado-de-Mendoza, M.J. Santi-CanoAbstractBackground and aimsThe aim of this study was to assess whether women differ from men with regard to lowering lipid levels, achieving target of optimal lipid levels, and analyzing evidence-based dose and intensity of statin prescription in primary care patients.Methods and resultsA multicenter cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1046 patients with dyslipidemia (554 women) who were receiving statin therapy from the Primary Health Care of ...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Weight gain prevention buffers the impact of CETP rs3764261 on high density lipoprotein cholesterol in young adulthood: The Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention (SNAP)
ConclusionsThe C allele at CETP rs3764261 is a strong risk factor for low HDL-C in young adulthood but weight gain prevention may mitigate this risk.Clinical Trial Registry number and websiteclinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01183689, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D replacement ameliorates serum lipoprotein functions, adipokine profile and subclinical atherosclerosis in pre-menopausal women
Publication date: August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 8Author(s): D. Greco, D. Kocyigit, M.P. Adorni, C. Marchi, N. Ronda, F. Bernini, K.M. Gurses, H. Canpinar, D. Guc, S.H. Oguz, A. Gurlek, A. Strazzella, S. Simonelli, L. Tokgozoglu, F. ZimettiAbstractBackground and aimsLow vitamin D (vitD) has been linked to increased cardiovascular (CV) risk, but the effects of vitD supplementation are not clarified. We evaluated the impact of vitD normalization on HDL cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), which inversely correlates with CV risk, the proatherogenic serum cholesterol loadin...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary quality and carotid intima media thickness in type 1 and type 2 diabetes: Follow-up of a randomised controlled trial
ConclusionsIn this prospective analysis greater diet quality at baseline, as measured by the AHEI, was associated with greater CCA IMT regression after approximately two years. This suggests that greater diet quality is associated with better longer term vascular health in individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The association of the dietary approach to stop hypertension (DASH) diet with blood pressure, glucose and lipid profiles in Malaysian and Philippines populations
ConclusionsDifferential associations of DASH diet and dietary components with cardio-metabolic risk factors by country suggest the need for country-specific tailoring of dietary interventions to improve cardio-metabolic risk profiles. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Moderate coffee intake and cardiovascular health; no grounds for concern
Publication date: August 2018Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 8Author(s): I. Tzoulaki (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Small dense LDL cholesterol in human subjects with different chronic inflammatory diseases
Conclusion In several different chronic inflammatory disease entities, LDL-cholesterol is shifted towards a pro-atherogenic phenotype due to an increased sdLDL content which might in part explain the LDL paradoxon. Since premature CV disease is a major burden of affected patients, specifically targeting lipid metabolism should be considered routinely in clinical patient care. Clinical Trials Registration at German Clinical Trial Register (DRKS): DRKS00005285. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Are the dietary habits of treated individuals with celiac disease adherent to a Mediterranean diet?
Conclusion The results raise questions concerning the food choices of individuals with CD suggesting the need of encouraging them to make better food choices more in line with an MD, which would improve their nutritional status and better protect them from NCDs at long term. Protocol registration ClinicalTrials.gov (ID NCT01975155) on November 4 2013. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Leptin to Adiponectin ratio – a surrogate biomarker for early detection of metabolic disturbances in obesity
Conclusion L:A ratio was able to detect early metabolic disturbances in obese individuals, and may be a potential useful clinical surrogate biomarker of metabolic disorders. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

( −)-Epicatechin Inhibits Development Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy In Δ Sarcoglycan Null Mouse
Conclusion All the results indicate that (–)-epicatechin has the potential to prevent the development of dilated cardiomyopathy of genetic origin and encourages the use of this flavonol as a pharmacological therapy for dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure diseases. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Is increased uric acid a risk factor or a defensive response? The  Campania Salute Network
Conclusion In treated hypertensive patients, high levels of UA normalized for major biological determinants do not independently predict CV outcome. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT02211365. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Moderate coffee intake and cardiovascular health; no grounds for  concern
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 28, Issue 8 Author(s): I. Tzoulaki (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - July 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Adipose tissue palmitoleic acid is inversely associated with nonfatal acute myocardial infarction in Costa Rican adults
Conclusion These data demonstrate an inverse association between adipose tissue palmitoleic acid and nonfatal acute myocardial infarction; however, further research is required in order to better understand the opposing associations between palmitoleic acid and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and systolic blood pressure. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The suppression of ox-LDL-induced inflammatory cytokine release and apoptosis of HCAECs by long non-coding RNA-MALAT1 via regulating microRNA-155/SOCS1 pathway
Conclusion In summary, this study revealed the mechanisms by which MALAT1 worked as a putative atherosclerosis suppressor via miR-155 and SOCS1. Therefore, modulation of MALAT1/miR-155/SOCS1 axis might alleviate the inflammation persisted in atherosclerosis. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Association between Subclinical inflammation and Abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism in Normal weight individuals in Korea
Conclusion Subclinical inflammation was associated with IFG, high TG levels, and low HDL-C in normal weight Koreans. Prospective and biochemical research is necessary to clarify the role of subclinical systemic inflammation in individuals with normal body weight and its impact on insulin resistance and abnormal lipid metabolism, which promotes the incidence of metabolic syndrome and cardio-vascular disease. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Prevalence and Cardiometabolic Risks of Normal Weight Obesity in Chinese Population: A Nationwide Study
Conclusion NWO is in a relatively high prevalence in Chinese population, and the prevalence of NWO is higher in Chinese men compared to Chinese women. Cardiometabolic risks significantly increase in an NWO population, and such risks persist after excluding the effect of abdominal obesity. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Thiamine Deficiency and Cardiovascular Disorders
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2018 Source:Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Author(s): Ehab S. Eshak, Ahmed E. Arafa Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, functions as a co-factor in the metabolism of carbohydrates and amino acids. Thiamine deficiency has been suggested to be associated with many cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and risk factors; type one and type two diabetes (T1D and T2D), obesity, chronic vasculature inflammation, dyslipidemia, heart failure (HF), myocardial infarction (MI), and depression. This review explores the evidence of thiamine deficiency among subjects with CVDs or ris...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Sex differences in subclinical cardiac disease in overweight and obesity (the FATCOR study)
Conclusion The majority of overweight and obese participants in the FATCOR study had subclinical cardiac disease, which may contribute to the impaired prognosis observed in obesity. Women had a higher prevalence of subclinical cardiac disease than men. Clinical trial registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT02805478. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Diet Quality and Its Association with Type 2 Diabetes and Major Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Adults in China
Conclusions Chinese diets that scored high on both the CDGI and the tAHEI showed similarly negative associations with high LDL-C risk, whereas only CDGI score was negatively related to diabetes risk in men. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 21, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Incidence of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia in metabolically healthy obese and non-obese
Conclusion A considerable fraction of MHO individuals lose their status over time, and in metabolically healthy adults, obesity confers a higher risk of developing cardiovascular risk factors. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Serum uric acid potentially links metabolic health to measures of fuel use in lean and obese individuals
Conclusions A potential link relates serum UA to measures of resting energy expenditure and their determinants. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Validation of a short questionnaire to record Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: an Italian experience
Conclusion This new self-administered 15-item questionnaire could be a useful tool to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet in the Italian population. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Low-carbohydrate diet and the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults
Conclusion These findings indicate that, in Korea, a low-carbohydrate diet did not increase the risk of metabolic syndrome among adults who typically consume a high-carbohydrate low-fat diet. However, it may moderately decrease the risk of reduced HDL-cholesterol levels. (Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - June 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research