Using person-centred approaches to improve access to comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation.
This article outlines the core components of a cardiac rehabilitation programme, discusses inequities in patient access, and suggests person-centred approaches that nurses can use in cardiac rehabilitation and other healthcare settings. PMID: 31957372 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - January 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Powell J Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

How to undertake intravenous infusion calculations.
This article provides a step-wise, practical approach to undertaking intravenous (IV) infusion calculations. It also explores the evidence base behind medication errors in relation to calculations. REFLECTIVE ACTIVITY: 'How to' articles can help to update your practice and ensure it remains evidence-based. Apply this article to your practice. Reflect on and write a short account of. PMID: 31930888 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - January 13, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Brindley J Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Optimising professional communication with patients.
This article considers how nurses can communicate effectively with patients to optimise care. It explores the theoretical principles of interpersonal and professional communication, and discusses practical methods of listening and speaking to patients that nurses can apply in their clinical practice. PMID: 31904199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - January 6, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Price B Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Conservative management of patients with end-stage kidney disease.
This article details the steps involved in a conservative kidney management pathway for end-stage kidney disease, including symptom management and advance care planning. It also discusses the importance of a palliative approach for patients receiving dialysis. PMID: 31867916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - December 23, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Carswell C, Noble H, Reid J, McKeaveney C Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Applying transformational leadership in nursing practice.
This article outlines the four elements of transformational leadership - idealised influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individualised consideration - and discusses these in relation to the NMC standards. It also describes the advantages and disadvantages of transformational leadership, and suggests ways that this approach can be applied in nursing practice. PMID: 31840443 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - December 16, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Collins E, Owen P, Digan J, Dunn F Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Assessing physical activity levels in people living with a stoma.
CONCLUSION: Most participants were physically inactive. Interventions that reduce barriers to exercise and support self-efficacy in people with a stoma can assist them to increase their physical activity levels, as well as reducing the risk of chronic disease associated with sedentary lifestyles. PMID: 31814365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - December 9, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Lowe BG, Alsaleh E, Blake H Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Ensuring continuity of care for patients with diabetes mellitus.
This article examines the potential transfer points in the patient's healthcare pathway and discusses how effective diabetes care can be maintained throughout these transitions. PMID: 31789005 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - December 2, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Ruszala V Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Effective drain care and management in community settings.
This article describes the rationale for drain insertion and its associated complications. It uses a case study to illustrate how suboptimal drain monitoring and documentation can negatively affect patient care and safety. This article also discusses several important issues raised in the case study, such as suboptimal documentation, and how these may have consequences for nurses, teams and healthcare organisations. Recognition of these elements supports initiatives that nurses could apply to practice to reduce the occurrence of similar incidents. PMID: 31777241 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - November 28, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Gibson SL, Lillie AK Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Differentiating between dementia, delirium and depression in older people.
This article considers each of the conditions of dementia, delirium and depression, their presenting features and how nurses can differentiate between them to enable comprehensive assessment, diagnosis and treatment in older people. PMID: 31762251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - November 25, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Dening KH Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Improving the uptake of medical device training to promote patient safety.
CONCLUSION: The ward time out training days were beneficial for the urology ward staff, and increased their medical device training competency. Additional benefits of the ward time out training days included team integration, improved knowledge and competency among staff, and nurses undertaking continuing professional development hours that contributed towards their revalidation. PMID: 31736285 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - November 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Shields R, Latter K Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Exploring the fundamental aspects of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery nurse's role.
CONCLUSION: It is hoped that by producing these consensus statements, the role of the ERAS nurse will be better understood by all members of multidisciplinary ERAS teams, particularly managers and decision-makers, and can be supported in the future. PMID: 31709787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - November 11, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Balfour A, Burch J, Fecher-Jones I, Carter FJ Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Embedding spiritual care into everyday nursing practice.
This article explains how patients' spiritual needs can be embedded into everyday nursing practice, rather than being seen as an additional task for nurses to undertake. It outlines an integrated person model of care, which involves the nurse using the unique contact involved in providing physical care to meet the patient's spiritual needs. In addition, nurses can use the principles of therapeutic relationships such as empathy and providing a non-judgemental presence to support spiritual care, as well as respecting patients' dignity and individuality. This article also describes techniques for discussing spirituality with ...
Source: Nursing Standard - November 4, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Clarke J, Baume K Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

How to care for patients undergoing paracentesis for the drainage of ascites.
This article aims to support nurses in providing safe and effective care for patients undergoing paracentesis. • Paracentesis is used to reduce intra-abdominal pressure and to relieve the symptoms of abdominal ascites, such as severe abdominal distention, pain and dyspnoea (difficulty breathing). The removal of at least 5L of ascitic fluid is considered large-volume paracentesis.• The role of the nurse is usually to monitor the patient throughout the procedure, administer treatment as directed by the medical team and, depending on local policy, remove the drain at the end of the procedure.• Knowledge of the ...
Source: Nursing Standard - October 28, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Robinson G Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Supporting patients to make lifestyle behaviour changes.
This article considers practical methods that nurses can use to undertake this essential role, as well as discussing public health policy in this area. PMID: 31631616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - October 21, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Thompson SR Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Role of the nurse consultant in infection prevention and control.
This article explores the qualities and skills required to successfully undertake the role, and uses important aspects of the author's experience of being a clinical nurse consultant in infection prevention and control to illustrate that one of the most strategic clinical leadership roles in healthcare is uniquely innovative and made a difference in the author's organisation. PMID: 31608609 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - October 14, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Harris D Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Understanding the role of chaplains in supporting patients and healthcare staff.
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that chaplains are increasingly providing support to healthcare staff, alongside their role in providing support to patients. The researchers also identified that chaplains in Scotland are adopting an increasingly educational role and that, in the future, they may adopt reflective practice programmes to assist them in managing increased requests for chaplaincy support from healthcare staff. It was also acknowledged that chaplaincy services may also be required to become an allied healthcare profession in the future, which may require chaplains to provide an increasingly generi...
Source: Nursing Standard - October 10, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Butler A, Duffy K Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Respecting the ethical principle of autonomy in end of life care decisions.
This article examines the ethical principle of autonomy and how it relates to advance decisions to refuse treatment, do not attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation orders and the doctrine of double effect. It also outlines the relevant legal guidance regarding autonomy and end of life care decisions. Lisbeth Bourne at the time of writing was co-programme leader, Children and Young People and Mental Health Nursing, School of Health and Society, University of Salford, Salford, England. PMID: 31565902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - September 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Bourne L Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Understanding the benefits and risks of nursing students engaging with online social media.
This article aims to enhance nursing students' and nurses' understanding of e-professionalism so that they can use social media effectively for peer support and to enhance patient care. PMID: 31544374 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - September 23, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: McGrath L, Swift A, Clark M, Bradbury-Jones C Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Promoting recruitment by rebranding the image of nursing.
This article describes the background and implementation of the rebranding project. It also details how the university's evidence-based rebranding strategy was designed to positively influence people to choose nursing as a career. PMID: 31523941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - September 16, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Price S, MacMillan K, Awad C, Paynter M Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

How to measure a patient's temperature non-invasively.
This article outlines the main non-invasive methods that can be used to measure a patient's temperature. REFLECTIVE ACTIVITY: 'How to' articles can help to update your practice and ensure it remains evidence-based. Apply this article to your practice. Reflect on and write a short account of. PMID: 31496201 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - September 9, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Smith J, Rushton MA, Barker M Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Preventing medical device-related skin damage.
This article outlines methods that nurses can use to minimise the risk of skin damage, focusing primarily on the prevention of pressure ulcers. It also examines how nurses can work collaboratively with patients, manufacturers and regulatory bodies to reduce the risk of medical device-related skin damage in the future. PMID: 31475500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - September 2, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Liversedge H Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Prevention and management of urinary catheter blockages in community settings.
This article details evidence-based recommendations for the assessment and diagnosis of catheter blockages, as well as the identification of risk factors. It also explains the interventions that can be used to prevent and manage catheter blockages and describes the role of the nurse in supporting patients with a long-term catheter in situ in community settings. PMID: 31468913 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Paterson C, Dalziell R, Forshaw T, Turner A, Fraser G Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Use of pain scales and observational pain assessment tools in hospital settings.
This article discusses the various pain scales and observational pain assessment tools that are available, and the evidence to support their use. PMID: 31468952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - August 29, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Gregory J Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Enhancing the care of patients with sickle cell disease.
Abstract When typically round red blood cells intermittently elongate and become lodged in the body's microcirculation, this can result in painful vaso-occlusive crises, often referred to as 'sickle cell crises'. The sickling and unsickling process can result in acute pain, chronic anaemia, ischaemic injury and multiple organ damage. One of the main concerns raised by patients with sickle cell disease is the lack of knowledge and understanding of their condition among healthcare professionals in acute care settings. Therefore, this article aims to enhance nurses' understanding of sickle cell disease and the effect...
Source: Nursing Standard - August 19, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: De D, Blackmore A, Taylor H Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Improving the awareness and care of veterans in healthcare services.
This article aims to raise awareness of veterans (people who have served in the UK military) who are receiving nursing care. Nurses will often provide care and treatment for veterans, so they should be aware of the potential health needs of this patient group to provide optimum care. Veterans should receive priority treatment where it relates to a condition that results from their service in the armed forces. Therefore, it is important for healthcare professionals to recognise if patients may be veterans and if their conditions are attributable to military service. Increased awareness of veterans is required in primary car...
Source: Nursing Standard - August 12, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Engward H, Fleuty K Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Assessment and management of chronic pain.
This article outlines the biomedical and psychosocial factors that can influence an individual's pain experience that should be considered as part of the assessment and management of chronic pain, and explores the assessment tools available to assist in this process. It also discusses the management options available for chronic pain, including neural blockade and analgesics, as well as non-pharmacological options such as psychological approaches, physical activity and exercise, and complementary and alternative therapies. PMID: 31468944 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - August 5, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Howarth A, Poole D Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Implementing reasonable adjustments for -disabled people in healthcare services.
This article describes examples of how three healthcare services have met the Equality Act 2010 duty to make reasonable adjustments for disabled people, so that they are not disadvantaged in accessing these services. Each of these services identified disabled patients, and considered and recorded the specific reasonable adjustments that were required. In doing so, they took time to fully understand the needs of the individual from their perspective. The services collaborated and coordinated the provision of reasonably adjusted care by communicating effectively with other health and social care providers, working together a...
Source: Nursing Standard - July 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Heslop P, Turner S, Read S, Tucker J, Seaton S, Evans B Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Care of infants, children and adults with congenital heart disease.
This article details the background and diagnosis of congenital heart disease. It considers the implications for infants and children with congenital heart disease, as well as their parents, such as screening methods, risk factors, parental stress and psychosocial needs. This article also discusses the care of adults with congenital heart disease, including specialist monitoring and patient education. PMID: 31468777 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - July 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Gaskin K, Kennedy F Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Effective management of adult patients with asthma.
This article outlines the causes of asthma and its symptoms. It also explains the interventions used in the management of this condition, including medicines, patient education, appropriate lifestyle changes and referral to specialist services. PMID: 31468778 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - July 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Bidder TM Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Understanding the role of carbohydrates in optimal nutrition.
This article outlines the constituents of dietary carbohydrate, considers the health benefits of carbohydrates, and explains their importance as part of a healthy and balanced diet. PMID: 31468779 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - July 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Hinde S Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Role of nurses in promoting the skin health of older people in the community.
This article details the age-associated changes that affect the skin, explores the self-reported skin concerns of older people living in the community, and examines the role of primary care nurses in promoting older people's skin health. PMID: 31468854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - July 15, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Cowdell F Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Undertaking a person-centred assessment of patients with chronic wounds.
This article discusses how acute wounds and chronic wounds are differentiated. It details the phases of wound healing and identifies potential barriers to progression through these phases. Enhancing nurses' understanding of chronic wounds will enable them to identify any potential barriers to wound healing early and remove or ameliorate them. While a holistic assessment should also include a thorough assessment of the wound itself, this is beyond the scope of this article. PMID: 31468929 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - July 8, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Smith F, Sharp A Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Understanding the benefits and implications of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery.
This article outlines the components of ERAS, focusing on the barriers to its implementation and how these could be overcome. It also discusses the implications of ERAS for patients, nurses and healthcare organisations. PMID: 31468822 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - July 5, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Balfour A Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

How to undertake oral medicines calculations.
This article provides a step-wise, practical approach to undertaking oral medicines calculations for tablets, capsules and liquid preparations. It also explores the evidence base behind medication errors in relation to calculations. • Medication errors have been identified as one of the most frequent types of patient safety incident that occur, and they are the most common, single preventable cause of adverse events.• Undertaking a medicines calculation can reduce the risk of an incorrect medicines dose being administered to the patient, which would result in a suboptimal therapeutic benefit or possible harm to t...
Source: Nursing Standard - July 5, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Brindley J Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Preventing foot complications in people with diabetes mellitus.
This article discusses foot complications in people with diabetes, outlining the causes, signs and symptoms, and associated risk factors. It also outlines the assessment and prevention measures that patients and healthcare practitioners can take to reduce the risk of foot complications. PMID: 31468824 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - July 5, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Howarth D Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Prevention and management of hyperglycaemic crisis.
This article explains the causes and clinical manifestations of hyperglycaemic crises, and details the management of patients with these conditions, in accordance with national guidelines. PMID: 31468825 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - July 5, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Broadley L, Clark K, Ritchie G Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Development of a tool to support managers in planning and evaluating staff training.
CONCLUSION: Healthcare managers' decision-making in relation to the planning and evaluation of staff training relied on judgements based on their personal experience and knowledge. The APET tool developed by the study team has the potential to ensure vital resources such as time and money are used optimally, which would improve outcomes for staff, patients and healthcare organisations. PMID: 31468793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - June 25, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Padley W, Long J, Welyczko N, Dowsett D, Salter N, Ford K, Greenway C, Brown J Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Developing cultural competence in caring for LGBTQI+ patients.
This article explores these issues and encourages nurses to reflect on their unique and privileged position to champion the rights of vulnerable people, as well as their role in improving the healthcare experience of LGBTQI+ patients in the future. It also discusses safety issues and special considerations for LGBTQI+ patients, including those related to sexual health, mental health and intellectual disabilities. PMID: 31468809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - June 17, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Grundy-Bowers M, Read M Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Improving nursing students' experience of clinical placements.
This article describes the challenges involved in clinical placements, and discusses the importance of person-centred care and techniques such as reasoning and reflection that can improve nursing students' learning in practice. It uses two case studies to illustrate how clinical supervisors and mentors can design clinical placements that enable nursing students to develop their skills, knowledge and self-confidence. PMID: 31468866 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - June 10, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Price B Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Caring for people with mental health conditions in general clinical settings.
This article aims to provide nurses practising in general clinical settings with an understanding of such conditions and the associated effects on an individual's physical health. It also details the signs and symptoms of various mental health conditions, and outlines the communication skills that nurses can use when caring for people with these conditions in general clinical settings. PMID: 31468894 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - May 24, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Lowe K Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Challenges and facilitators in providing effective end of life care in intensive care units.
CONCLUSION: All of the studies included in the literature review identified several important challenges related to communication, such as time constraints, disagreements among healthcare professionals, and a lack of knowledge among healthcare professionals about how to conduct challenging conversations with patients and families. Future developments in practice should consider the role of effective multidisciplinary team-working in end of life care. PMID: 31468932 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - May 24, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Ivany E, Aitken L Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Developing effective nurse leadership skills.
This article examines the importance of effective leadership for nurses, patients and healthcare organisations, and outlines some of the theories of leadership such as transformational leadership. It also details how nurses can develop their leadership skills, for example through self-awareness, critical reflection and role modelling. PMID: 31468933 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - May 24, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Major D Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Divisional review of the nurse specialist role.
Abstract Nurse specialists have been described as providing an optimal return on investment for income generation, patient safety, cost savings, and improvements in patient care and experience. However, there is often a lack of understanding of the nurse specialist role and how such nurses support improved patient outcomes. To assess the effect of the nurse specialist in a division of one large NHS trust, a review of the nurse specialist role was undertaken within eight specialties. This review profiled nurse specialists' roles in terms of their activity, income generation and quality, with the aim of producing sp...
Source: Nursing Standard - April 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Latter KA, Purser S, Chisholm S, Robinson E Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Enhancing the quality of clinical supervision in nursing practice.
This article provides an overview of clinical supervision, outlining its features and functions in healthcare practice. It includes three case studies related to group clinical supervision, discussing how this was implemented in each case and the various methods of group-working that were used. PMID: 31468814 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - April 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Driscoll J, Stacey G, Harrison-Dening K, Boyd C, Shaw T Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Use of personal protective equipment in nursing practice.
This article defines PPE and its components, outlines when it should be used and details its optimal application. PMID: 31468815 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - April 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Brown L, Munro J, Rogers S Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Nursing management of irritable bowel syndrome.
This article outlines the causes of IBS and the range of symptoms that people with IBS may experience. It details the pharmacological therapies available for IBS, and examines the range of management interventions that nurses can use to ameliorate the underlying factors that contribute to IBS. PMID: 31468816 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - April 26, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Coutts A Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Use of blood components in clinical practice.
This article outlines guidance on appropriate transfusion in adult patients, focusing on the most commonly used components: red cells, platelets, fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and cryoprecipitate. It discusses what these components are and their use in adults, to reduce the risk of inappropriate transfusions. The aim of this article is to develop nurses' knowledge of blood transfusion, to support them in improving clinical practice in this area. PMID: 31468930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - April 23, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Shorthouse J, Wilson S Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Developing the personal qualities required for effective nurse leadership.
This article explores four 'leadership intelligences' - spiritual, emotional, business or practice, and political - and discusses how understanding these can assist nurses to enhance their leadership skills. It also considers the evidence base for the use of these intelligences and how they can be adopted by individual nurses and healthcare organisations. PMID: 31468940 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - April 8, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Lucas B Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Using a structured clinical assessment to identify the cause of chest pain.
This article outlines the main causes of chest pain and describes the aspects of chest pain assessment, including patient history-taking, physical examination and clinical investigations. Assessing chest pain requires healthcare practitioners to have knowledge of its causes and pathophysiology, the use of structured assessment tools and the latest evidence-based guidelines. PMID: 31468790 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nursing Standard)
Source: Nursing Standard - March 25, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: Stephens G Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research

Role of the nurse in identifying and addressing health inequalities.
This article aims to improve nurses' knowledge and understanding of health inequalities. Health inequalities are responsible for variation in health outcomes observed across different population groups. Therefore, it is essential that nurses have an understanding of the health inequalities that can occur, and their causes. This knowledge will enable nurses to address the challenges that health inequalities can create in nursing practice. This article raises awareness of this important aspect of care, so that nurses can successfully identify and address the health inequalities that they encounter in their practice, thus ena...
Source: Nursing Standard - March 22, 2019 Category: Nursing Authors: McFarland A, MacDonald E Tags: Nurs Stand Source Type: research