An examination of the relationship between regulatory T cells and symptom flare-ups in children and adolescents diagnosed with chronic tic disorder and Tourette syndrome.
In this study, we aimed to compare activated regulatory T cell (Treg) values between patients with TS/chronic tic disorder (CTD) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs).Materials and method: Patients with TS/CTD and age- and sex-matched HCs were included in the study. The severity of the disease was evaluated using the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale. CD4+CD25+CD127low Tregs from the patient group and the control group were compared using flow cytometry.Results: The study included 48 patients diagnosed with TS/CTD (36 males and 12 females, mean age: 11.58 ± 2.61) and 24 HCs (18 males and 6 femal...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dyskinesia is most centrally situated in an estimated network of extrapyramidal syndrome in Asian patients with schizophrenia: findings from research on Asian psychotropic prescription patterns for antipsychotics.
Conclusions: Our findings showed that dyskinesia is the most central domain in an estimated network structure of extrapyramidal syndrome in Asian patients with schizophrenia. These findings are consistent with the speculation that acute dystonia, akathisia, and parkinsonism could be the risk factors of tardive dyskinesia. PMID: 32580668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diffusion tensor imaging findings in children with sluggish cognitive tempo comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Conclusions: Neurobiological differences in ADHD cases are still relatively unexplored. We suggest that including an assessment for SCT in the neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies of ADHD may provide more consistent results. PMID: 32543999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Subjective health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults with early-onset schizophrenia.
This study investigated the physical and mental SQoL and associated clinical and sociodemographic outcomes among community-dwelling middle-aged and older people with early-onset schizophrenia.Materials and methods: A cross-sectional interview study where participants residing in the Region of Southern Denmark were identified through The Danish Psychiatric Central Register. Of a total of 278 eligible individuals, 59 people aged 55-82 years old participated. The SQoL measure Medical Outcomes Short Form 36 version 2 (SF36) was used. Scores were compared by age groups with normative data for the Danish population. Associa...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The use of diet interventions to treat symptoms of ADHD in children and adolescents - a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Conclusion: The current evidence is not enough to recommend treating ADHD with diet interventions, but a subgroup of children and adolescents might warrant from elimination of certain food-items. Further investigations of the mechanism and effect of diet interventions to treat ADHD is needed. PMID: 32513046 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A nurse-led lifestyle intervention for adult persons with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Sweden.
Conclusion: This intervention may be beneficial and may be implemented in a primary healthcare setting or in other open care units. PMID: 32493144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Serum nesfatin-1, ghrelin, and lipid levels in adolescents with first episode drug na ïve unipolar depression.
This study aimed to evaluate serum nesfatin-1, ghrelin, and lipid levels as biological markers of adolescent MDD and their relationship with the severity of depression-anxiety and suicide risk in MDD. Methods:This study included 37 drug naïve adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 who were diagnosed with a first episode MDD according to the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) and DSM-V diagnostic criteria. Thirty-three healthy adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 were included as the control group. The Children's Depression ...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neurocognitive effects of atypical antipsychotics in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.
Conclusion: All three atypical antipsychotics tested in the study can potentially improve cognitive performance in first-episode schizophrenia, but no significant difference in the degree of improvement was found between drugs. PMID: 32496921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patient satisfaction and acute psychiatric inpatient treatment.
Conclusion: The PIPEQ gives important input of patient's experience with the delivery of care. Answers range from very much satisfied to not at all depending on what was asked for. Exploring PS provides valuable information for quality improvements for different patient groups. PMID: 32427019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Internet-based therapy with FearFighter for anxiety disorders: a randomised clinical trial.
Authors: Fenger M, Lindschou J, Gluud C, Winkel P, Jørgensen L, Dybkjaer JH, Lau M Abstract Background: Internet-based cognitive behavioural self-help psychotherapy (ICBT) can be an important alternative or supplement to ordinary face-to-face therapy.Aim: To assess effectiveness of ICBT for adults with an anxiety disorder.Methods: Sixty-four participants were randomised to 9 weeks with the FearFighter ICBT program (n = 32) or no intervention (n = 32). Outcomes included complete remission, severity of symptoms and occurrence of adverse events.Results: No difference (p&thinsp...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gender- and age-related differences in the quality of mental health care among inpatients with unipolar depression: a nationwide study.
Conclusion: Older patients received higher quality of inpatient care for depression, as reflected by a higher proportion of fulfilled guideline supported process measures. In contrast, we found no gender-related differences. PMID: 32401125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The treatment in the Danish suicide prevention clinics: a clinician perspective.
Conclusions: Treatment in the Danish Suicide Prevention Clinics is characterized by methodological flexibility and diversity and with an emphasis on a patient-oriented approach. Furthermore, clinicians balance knowledge available by switching between a direct and an indirect approach according to the perceived suicide risk. If suicide risk was perceived as high, they would administer a direct approach and if low, an indirect approach. Finally, there seems to be differences as to how effective therapeutic methodologies work in the practice of suicide prevention. PMID: 32379558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Milieu therapy for hospitalized patients with late-life anxiety and depression: a qualitative study.
Conclusion: Results from this study describe content and complexity of MT strategies that can be supportive in everyday practice in psychogeriatric inpatient units and nursing homes, and have the potential to facilitate teaching, supervision and counseling of health professionals, caregivers and patients. PMID: 32367761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A higher body mass index in Chinese inpatients with chronic schizophrenia is associated with elevated plasma orexin-A levels and fewer negative symptoms.
Authors: Liu Z, Zhang Y, Zhao T, Wang J, Xia L, Zhong Y, Yang Y, Ning X, Zhang Y, Ren Z, Liu H Abstract Objective: Orexin-A is involved in numerous physiological functions, such as feeding behavior and energy balance. Yet, the associations among the orexin system, weight changes and the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia patients remain uncertain, especially in inpatients with chronic schizophrenia (CS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the orexin-A levels, body mass index (BMI) and clinical symptoms of CS inpatients.Methods: Altogether, 324 inpatients were enrolled in our study...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Obstetric complications and subsequent risk of mood disorders for offspring in adulthood: a comprehensive overview.
Conclusion: OCs may confer a risk of developing mood disorders in adulthood. Future research should confirm these preliminary findings and clarify if other obstetric or neonatal complications (e.g. cyanosis or newborn epileptic seizures) may have a role in the future onset of mood disorders. PMID: 32297541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mapping factors facilitating resilience in mothers - potential clinical relevance for children with ADHD.
Conclusion: The findings indicate that selected factors in maternal functioning may contribute to development of resilience, which may in turn be a factor of importance in parenting. PMID: 32255402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mortality among male forensic and non-forensic psychiatric patients: matched cohort study of rates, predictors and causes-of-death.
This study suggests that SUD and longer inpatient time per year are independent risk factors for increased mortality in psychiatric patients. PMID: 32248726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Fluoxetine in acute treatment of children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusions and implications of key findings: Fluoxetine is associated with a significantly greater reduction in OCD severity, as measured by the CY-BOCS, NIMH-OC and CGI-S, in children and adolescents. Additionally, it is well tolerated in children and adolescents. The acceptability is comparable to that of the placebo-treated group. Nonetheless, further large prospective trials should be conducted to confirm these outcomes. PMID: 32242450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Different response patterns in hallucinations and delusions to antipsychotic treatment.
Conclusion: Focusing on separate symptoms rather than general symptom clusters could offer clinicians a useful approach when evaluating the early response of antipsychotics.ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT00932529; URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/. PMID: 32242498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The prevalence and comorbidity rates of specific learning disorder among primary school children in Turkey.
Authors: Büber A, Başay Ö, Şenol H Abstract Purpose: The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence of specific learning disorder (SLD), comorbid disorders, and risk factors in primary school children for the first time in two-stage design in Turkey.Materials and methods: Participants were 1041 pupils in 28 primary schools and aged from 7 to 11. The Mathematics, Reading, Writing Assessment Scale (MOYA) teacher and parent forms were used in the screening stage and parents and teachers of each child completed MOYA. Ninety-five children were screen positive and eighty-three of these children pa...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characterization of deficit schizophrenia and reliability of the bidimensional model of its negative symptomatology.
Conclusions: Our results were consistent with the published data and indicated that the DS profile in the Spanish population is similar to that in other populations, which would corroborate the homogeneity of DS within the schizophrenia spectrum and contribute to the hypothesis that DS constitutes a separate disease. PMID: 32149549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neuropsychological performance in patients with substance use disorder with and without mood disorders.
Conclusions: Patients with substance abuse and mood disorders seem to have more deficits in speed processing and perceptual reasoning than substance abuse patients without mood disorders. These processing speed difficulties and perceptual problems may impact prognosis and treatment. The Digit Symbol test and the Block Design test are a fast and sensitive ways to examine treatment effectiveness and monitor treatment progress. PMID: 32134345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Icelandic translation and reliability data on the DSM-5 version of the schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-aged children - present and lifetime version (K-SADS-PL).
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the Icelandic translation of the DSM-5 K-SADS-PL can be reliably administered by postgraduate students. PMID: 32134350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Revising the Self-Harm Antipathy Scale: validation among staff in psychiatric healthcare in Sweden.
Authors: Lantto R, Jungert T, Nilsson M, Probert-Lindström S, Westling S Abstract Background: The Self-Harm Antipathy Scale (SHAS) is a questionnaire designed to measure nurses' attitudes towards self-harm. This can be useful to improve the quality of care provided to individuals who self-harm.Aim: The purpose of this study was to revise and adapt the SHAS for use in Sweden and evaluate the psychometric properties of this Swedish version (Self-Harm Antipathy Scale - Swedish Revised; SHAS-SR).Methods: A sample of 596 employees within psychiatric healthcare was recruited (from a total of 3507, response rate 17.0...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Recovery of patients with severe depression in inpatient rural psychiatry: a descriptive clinical study.
Conclusion: Hospitalisation is an effective intervention for severe depression in rural Iceland. Positive benefits in both depression and HRQoL occur, where most of the participants reach outpatient or normal level of depression. PMID: 32129118 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Seclusion, restraint, and involuntary medication in Finnish psychiatric care: a register study with root-level data.
Conclusion: This study provides detailed and unique data on the use of seclusion, restraint and involuntary medication in Finland. Compared to previous national-level data, this study highlights the importance of collecting root-level data. Future research should use registries and describe the associations between the use of restrictive measures and ward-level factors, patient-level characteristics, and societal factors. PMID: 32125209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Montgomery and Åsberg Depression Rating Scale - self-assessment for use in adolescents: an evaluation of psychometric and diagnostic accuracy.
The Montgomery and Åsberg Depression Rating Scale - self-assessment for use in adolescents: an evaluation of psychometric and diagnostic accuracy. Nord J Psychiatry. 2020 Mar 03;:1-8 Authors: Ntini I, Vadlin S, Olofsdotter S, Ramklint M, Nilsson KW, Engström I, Sonnby K Abstract Background: The Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale - Self Assessment (MADRS-S) is used to assess symptom severity in major depressive disorder (MDD) among adolescents, but its psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy are unclear.Aim: The aim of this study was to explore psychometric properties, in...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physician estimated vs. self-reported subjective memory in depressed patients treated with electroconvulsive therapy.
Authors: Stengård J, Ekman CJ, Båve U, Lundahl A, Abawi M, Adler M, Landén M, Lundberg J Abstract Background: Subjective memory deficits are common in depression and during series of treatment with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). There is a need for feasible assessment of memory deficit. In the Swedish National Quality Register for ECT, patients' subjective memory function is rated by a clinician. Self-ratings would be easier to administer.Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the consistency between self-reported and physician estimated subjective memory in depressed patients treated...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anhedonia in young people with first episode psychosis: a longitudinal study.
Conclusions: Anhedonia is relevant in the early phase of psychosis and its severity is associated with functioning deterioration and a bad quality of life. PMID: 32108539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Plasma concentrations of antipsychotics and QTc prolongation: a pilot study.
Conclusion: We did not find a stronger association between antipsychotic plasma concentration and QTc than between antipsychotic dose and QTc. We suggest close monitoring with regular electroencephalogram's until the development of a better marker for predicting the risk of cardiac arrhythmia. PMID: 32105154 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Schizotypal traits in Swedish speaking psychiatric patients and non-psychiatric controls.
Conclusion: The Swedish version of the SPQ-B exhibit good psychometric properties and is useful for assessing schizotypal traits in clinical and non-clinical populations. PMID: 32091308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cross-cultural comparison of theory of mind deficits in patients with schizophrenia from China and Denmark: different aspects of ToM show different results.
Conclusions: Caution to cultural differences should be taken when comparing ToM in Asian and Western patients with schizophrenia as well as healthy individuals. PMID: 32039642 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Serum zonulin and claudin-5 levels in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Conclusions: Taken together with our results, our study suggests that dysregulation of the blood-brain barrier, especially claudin-5, may be involved in the etiology of OCD. PMID: 31961248 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Variations in psychiatric morbidity between traumatized Norwegian, refugees and other immigrant patients in Oslo.
Conclusion: Trauma is frequently associated with depression, anxiety disorders, somatoform pain disorder and PTSD in a clinical population. The clinical presentation and comorbidity of these disorders seem to vary significantly between traumatized patients with Norwegian, refugee and non-refugee immigrant backgrounds. After a major trauma, refugees may be at greater risk for both PTSD and depression than other immigrants and the native population. PMID: 31961250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical evaluation of psychiatric and behavioral disorders in adolescents with epilepsy: a cross-sectional study.
Conclusions: Psychiatric comorbidity is very common in epileptic patients and depending on the type of diagnosed epilepsy, various symptoms are expressed. Furthermore, psychological stress is more observable in adolescents with epilepsy. For patients with epilepsy, mental health care and seizure control is extremely important in the prevention of serious mental disabilities. PMID: 31961263 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Screening for obstructive lung disease in hospitalized psychiatric patients.
Conclusion: We present a simple study where the patients are screened for obstructive lung disease with a handheld spirometry and a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms. Number needed to screen is low at 3.4-4.5. In all, 10 new cases of obstructive lung disease were diagnosed. This study illustrates that screening for COPD and asthma is feasible even in a psychiatric population. PMID: 31928298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clerkship students' use of a video library for training the mental status examination.
Conclusions: The medical students felt they benefited from the simplified learning situation offered by the video library. Their frequent shortcuts through the videos during sessions highlighted weaknesses in the feedback and reflection processes occasioned by the library. PMID: 31906771 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increased use of coercive procedures and prolonged hospitalization in compulsory admitted psychotic patients, who refuse antipsychotic medication.
Authors: Nielsen MØ, Milting K, Brandt-Christensen AM, Ebdrup BH Abstract Objective: Current Danish legislation imposes that compulsory admitted psychotic patients have the right to refuse antipsychotic medication, which markedly delays pertinent medical treatment.Material and methods: In a retrospective, observational cohort study, we analyzed data from a 1-year period on 34 consecutively admitted patients with schizophrenia, who had been compulsory admitted due to need of treatment, or because they were judged to constitute an acute danger to themselves or others. We compared the use of other coercive proc...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The mentalization profile in patients with eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusion: The mentalization profile is complex and varies across dimensions of mentalization in patients with an ED. Different degrees of mentalization between various EDs were found, implying the necessity for further research on mentalization profiles in different ED diagnoses. The sparse existing literature was a limitation for this meta-analysis, emphasizing that further research on the mentalization profile in patients with EDs is needed. PMID: 31910059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Homocysteine, chronotype and clinical course in bipolar disorder patients.
Authors: Ozdogan MG, Aydin EF, Ustundag MF, Ceyhun HA, Oral E, Bakan E Abstract Purpose: Higher homocysteine (HHcy) levels have been detected in bipolar disorder (BD) patients, and BD patients show circadian rhythm disorders even during remission. Here, we determined the homocysteine (Hcy) levels and chronotype of patients with BD during remission and investigated whether this was related to the clinical course of the disease. Materials and methods: In total, 80 BD outpatients were included. Clinical evaluation was conducted using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), Pittsbu...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comparison of psychotropic medication use in the Baltic countries.
Conclusion: While the health-care expenditures in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are largely similar, as is the cultural and recent political background of these EU member countries, the extent and the pattern of psychotropic drug use is remarkably variable. PMID: 31889460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Automatically generated smartphone data and subjective stress in healthy individuals - a pilot study.
Conclusions: Participants presented with low levels of stress during the study. Automatically generated smartphone data was not able to catch potential subjective stress among healthy individuals in the present study. Due to the small sample and low levels of stress the results should be interpreted with caution. PMID: 31880486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric symptoms in traumatized Syrian refugee children settled in Hatay.
Conclusion: Traumatized Syrian refugee children may present PTSD symptoms more likely than depressive symptoms. War-related traumatic experiences may have more adverse effects on Syrian children's psychology than other traumas. PMID: 31880490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Variability between psychiatrists on domains of the mental status examination.
Authors: Blaabjerg ES, Hemmingsen RPA, Høegh E, Wang AG, Gefke M, Arnfred S Abstract Background: The Mental Status Examination (MSE) is a core element of the psychiatric assessment. To investigate the current level of psychopathological knowledge, the reliability of the MSE can be used as a proxy as it is based on descriptive psychopathology.Methods: Three psychiatrists wrote their MSE based on 27 video recordings. The variability and inter-rater agreement were evaluated using an agreement scale from 1 to 5, made by several psychiatrists. The agreement was analysed by mean values, stratified mean values and ...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reduced awareness of surroundings is the most central domain in the network structure of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms.
Conclusion: Although dissociative features have been defined as associative symptoms rather than essential symptoms for the DSM diagnostic criteria, reduced awareness of surroundings may be regarded as the most central symptom in patients in the early phase of PTSD. Thus, evaluation and intervention for dissociative features may be needed in clinical practice and studies on PTSD. PMID: 31855108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Childhood trauma, stressful life events, and suicidality in Danish psychiatric outpatients.
Conclusion: The findings partially supported our hypothesis that childhood traumas (but not recent stressful life events) may play a substantial role in suicidality, and therefore assessment of childhood trauma may contribute to the detection of suicidal behavior in a psychiatric outpatient population. However, longitudinal research and replication in other populations are warranted for more conclusive findings. PMID: 31833427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does establishing local treatment institutions lead to different populations seeking treatment among Greenlandic Inuit?
Discussion: The findings support our expectations of local treatment being more attractive to individuals with obligations at home. The differences in the populations are worth considering when planning the treatment service, as the needs of the populations might differ. The findings are limited by many missing in the analyses, which we believe is caused by the establishing process of the new service. PMID: 31829764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adverse childhood experiences and alexithymia in patients with major depressive disorder.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that among MDD patients, early experiences of emotional and physical abuse and neglect is associated with difficulties in describing feelings in adulthood. PMID: 31808358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

ADHD symptoms in relation to internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children: the mediating role of sluggish cognitive tempo.
Conclusion: Our results may demonstrate that while externalization symptoms were associated with hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms of ADHD, the internalization symptoms were significantly related to SCT in youngs with ADHD. Specifically, although social withdrawal was significantly related to ADHD-inattention, this relationship was mediated by the severity of SCT. PMID: 31809238 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A 15-year follow-up of former self-harming inpatients in child & adolescent psychiatry - a qualitative study.
Conclusion: These findings are based on a small sample, but they indicate the importance of relationships and the social context in contributing to and then ending self-harm. PMID: 31799887 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research