Remission rate of transcranial magnetic stimulation compared with electroconvulsive therapy: a case-control study.
CONCLUSIONS: All measures of therapeutic efficacy were numerically inferior in the rTMS group compared to the ECT group. The differences were not statistically significant, probably because the sample size was small. More studies are required to find the optimal place for rTMS within the Swedish health care system. Such studies could be facilitated by inclusion of rTMS in the Q-ECT. PMID: 30359165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of modified mania assessment scale (MAS-M) implementation on the use of mechanical restraint in psychiatric units.
CONCLUSION: This study reported relevant clinical information concerning staff's use of MAS-M, however, did not show a significant association between the use of MAS-M and mechanical restraint. Nevertheless, conflicting results about the impact of MAS-M on preventing and reducing these coercive measures have been highlighted, suggesting that more complex factors influence the use of mechanical restraint. No causal effect was examined thus further studies are needed. PMID: 30348037 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Extreme challenges: psychiatric inpatients with severe self-harming behavior in Norway: a national screening investigation.
CONCLUSION: This investigation confirms a noteworthy, nationwide, population of severely self-harming inpatients with extensive health service use, prevalent severe medical complications, and unsatisfactory collaboration within health services. These preliminary results are alarming, and indicate a need for more profound understanding of highly complex and severe cases. PMID: 30348040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Elderly alcoholics compared to middle-aged alcoholics in outpatient treatment - 6-month follow-up.
This study examined 6-month drinking outcomes of elderly patients compared with middle-aged patients in a clinical sample after initiation of outpatient treatment for alcoholism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a clinical prospective cohort study, 1398 consecutive patients from a municipality outpatient alcohol clinic were included. A total of 208 elderly patients aged from 60 to 82 years and 1190 middle-aged patients from 40 to 59 years participated in the study. The following psychosocial treatment interventions were offered: cognitive behavioral therapy, family therapy and supportive consultations. Using an 'intention-to-...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Constipation, ileus and medication use during clozapine treatment in patients with schizophrenia in Iceland.
CONCLUSIONS: Constipation is a common problem during clozapine treatment which can progress to full-blown ileus which can be fatal. Clinicians need to monitor signs of constipation during treatment with clozapine and respond to it with lifestyle advice and laxative treatment. PMID: 30348045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Bifrontal active and sham rTMS in treatment-resistant unipolar major depression.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of present study indicate a large sham effect of stimulation treatment. The intensive structured treatment protocol may explain the positive outcome in both the groups. It is important to recognize, appreciate, and utilize placebo effects as a significant means of rehabilitation in psychiatric care. PMID: 30348049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep problems and mental health among young Norwegian adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that different aspects of sleep problems may be important underlying factors for mental health problems in adolescents, independently of lifestyle factors, BMI-category, gender, and background variables. This highlights the importance of examining specific sleep problems when investigating associations between sleep and mental health. PMID: 30296874 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Standardization and cross-cultural comparisons of the Swedish Conners 3 ® rating scales.
CONCLUSION: The present study shows that the Swedish adaptation of the Conners 3® provides consistent and reproducible scores. However, across-informant ratings were only modest and significant cross-cultural differences in scoring were observed. This emphasizes the need for multi-informant assessment as well as for national norms for rating instruments commonly used within child and adolescent psychiatry research and clinical settings. PMID: 30269665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

'First and foremost a human being …': user perspectives on mental health services from 50 mentally disordered offenders.
CONCLUSION: When asked what it is like to be a forensic patient, the informants underline that despite severe mental illness, social marginalization as well as various criminal records they are still, first and foremost, human beings. However, they often feel dehumanized and monstrous. PMID: 30261792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Nine deaths among 29 patients with severe mental illness identified with high mortality using SSEPP.
In this study, we examine to what extent previously unknown comorbidities can be revealed if patients suffering from SMI are examined by a specialist in general medicine using the new clinical tool of Systematic Somatic Examinations of Psychiatric Patients (SSEPP). METHODS: SSEPP is a detailed, in-depth questioning and clinical evaluation performed by a specialist in General medicine. A total of 112 patients were recruited from asylums for patients suffering from chronic and severe psychiatric disorders in the Copenhagen area. Diagnosis within SMI led to 106 patients included. 6 patients had no SMI diagnosis and were e...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Thiol/disulphide homeostasis in manic episode and remission phases of bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSION: Our results support the oxidative imbalance theory in pathophysiology of BD. Further studies with larger sample sizes are needed for being able to understand these pathways in detail and use them as a target of treatment. PMID: 30178694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A review of factors associated with severe violence in schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION: This is the first systematic review of risk factors for severe violence in schizophrenia, in which a great number of clinical and external factors have been evaluated. Most of the clinical factors have been compared on effect size. The identified factors that represent an increased risk of violence in patients with schizophrenia should be included in risk assessments. PMID: 30099913 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between cytokines and psychiatric symptoms in chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy controls.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that immune activity in CFS/ME patients deviates from that of healthy controls, which implies potential pathogenic mechanisms and possible therapeutic approaches to CFS/ME. More comprehensive studies should be carried out on defined CFS/ME subgroups. PMID: 30063870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Inter-rater reliability of ratings on the six-item Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS-6) obtained using the Simplified Negative and Positive Symptoms Interview (SNAPSI).
The objective of the present study was to test the inter-rater reliability of PANSS-6 ratings obtained using the SNAPSI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the SNAPSI, seven raters (psychiatrists, first-year psychiatry residents and psychologists) performed a total of 56 PANSS-6 ratings of 12 in- or outpatients with schizophrenia. As a measure of inter-rater reliability, we calculated the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC, ≥0.75 = excellent, 0.40-0.74 = fair to good,
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Conceptualizing patient-reported outcome measures for use within two Danish psychiatric clinical registries: description of an iterative co-creation process between patients and healthcare professionals.
CONCLUSIONS: The iterative co-creation process based upon a high degree of patient involvement resulted in a set of PROMs, a national measurement concept, and patient recommendations for implementation. The cooperation between patients and professionals was successful. PMID: 30015541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Promoting well-being in psychosis.
This article examined the conceptualization of well-being from the context of treatment for psychosis, its relationship with clinical recovery and highlighted some of challenges and implications for mental health services in promoting well-being. DISCUSSION: Recovery from psychosis is a complex and individual process, where well-being is more than just the absence of mental illness. Clinical and personal recovery processes may contribute to well-being although further longitudinal studies are required. A recent framework for understanding well-being in psychosis helps address the lack of consensus in this field. There ...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The importance of insight, avoidance behavior, not-just-right perception and personality traits in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): a naturalistic clinical study.
CONCLUSION: Insight, avoidance behavior, and not-just-right perceptions seem important for baseline severity and post-treatment outcome. Baseline examination should include a systematic description, which could guide treatment. The present study is an explorative study describing a naturalistic clinical population. Therefore, a number of limitations should be taken into consideration when interpreting the results. More systematic studies on the importance of insight, avoidance behavior and not-just-right perceptions are warranted. PMID: 29993297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

8-F2-isoprostane, thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase levels in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings of this study did not support the involvement of oxidative stress in the etiology of childhood OCD. PMID: 29927677 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between apolipoprotein E genotypes and panic disorder in Turkish population.
CONCLUSION: E4 allele can be associated with PD as an eligible risk factor, the E3/E3 could be a risk-reducing factor for PD. Patients with PD not only had lower LDL and HDL levels but also they have higher atherogenic LDL and HDL subfractions. Also, E3/E3 genotype carriers had convenient but ApoE4 carriers had atherogenic plasma cholesterol levels and subfractions. PMID: 29888635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does S100B have a potential role in affective disorders? A literature review.
CONCLUSION: The results indicated that elevated S100B levels might be associated with mood episodes in affective disorders. However, the role of S100B, and its possible impact in affective disorders, requires further investigation and at the present S100B does not have a role as clinically biomarker in affective disorder. Future longitudinal multicentre studies with larger transdiagnostic real life patient cohorts are warranted. PMID: 29764272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Screening for intellectual disabilities: a validation of the Hayes Ability Screening Index for in-patients with substance use disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The HASI has good convergent, discriminant, and overall construct validity in detecting ID in in-patients with SUD. PMID: 29730963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cause-specific mortality in Finnish forensic psychiatric patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study point out that the high risk for suicide should receive attention when the hospital treatment and the outpatient care is being organized for forensic psychiatric patients. In addition, the risk of accidents should be evaluated and it should be assured that the patients receive proper somatic healthcare during the forensic psychiatric treatment and that it continues also in the outpatient setting. PMID: 29720022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

An overview of which health domains to consider and when to apply them in measurement-based care for depression and anxiety disorders.
CONCLUSION: The pharmacopsychometric triangle is also important in the MBC trials for improving the care of patients with anxiety and depression. However, the amount of MBC trials is still rather sparse. PMID: 29714082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Individuals' experiences with brief admission during the implementation of the brief admission sk åne RCT, a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: The results from this study indicated the importance of repeated staff education on all aspects of BA when it is being newly implemented, as well as the importance of working with attitudes of staff delivering BA. These were the key ingredients in making BA implementation successful. Our findings may be of value to other treatment centers implementing BA for the first time. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02985047. PMID: 29703119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Validation of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-64): a comparison of Swedish female outpatients with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa and controls.
CONCLUSIONS: IIP-64 can be considered to have acceptable to good reliability and validity in a Swedish ED sample. IIP-64 can be a useful complement in assessment of interpersonal problems in ED. PMID: 29703121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between altered lipid profiles and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in boys.
Authors: Avcil S Abstract BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder, which is multifactorial, complex, and seen most commonly in childhood. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the hypothesis that altered serum lipid profiles are associated with ADHD. METHODS: The study inluded 32 boys diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV-R criteria and a control group of 29 healthy subjects. All patients were assessed with The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Present and Lifetime Version, the Turgay DSM-IV-based Disruptive Behavior Disorde...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Personality traits and escitalopram treatment outcome in major depression.
CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that specific personality traits may predict the trajectory of symptom change rather than the overall improvement rate. PMID: 29688152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Reliable Change Index (RCI) of the WHO-5 in primary prevention of mental disorders. A measurement-based pilot study in positive psychiatry.
CONCLUSION: In this measurement-based pilot study, the repeatedly WHO-5 ratings identified a group of persons with a clinically reliable change in WHO-5 and a clinically significant improvement after a brief psychological intervention. PMID: 29656671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Delaying initiation of electroconvulsive treatment after administration of the anaesthetic agent and muscle relaxant reduces the necessity of re-stimulation.
CONCLUSIONS: We found an association between an increased time interval from administration of thiopental and succinylcholine to ECT and a lowered risk of re-stimulations. The current study substantially strengthens the evidence on the benefits of delaying ECT after administration of anaesthetic agent and muscle relaxant. PMID: 29658395 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

High neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in schizophrenia independent of infectious and metabolic parameters.
CONCLUSION: NLR levels are high in schizophrenia independent of metabolic parameters according to the results. So, it can be considered that inflammatory processes may play a role in the etiology of the disease. PMID: 29644919 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patients' characteristics and their influence on course of fear during agoraphobic symptom provocation: may SS(N)RI treatment compensate unfavorable individual preconditions?
Authors: Plag J, Petzold MB, Gechter J, Liebscher C, Ströhle A Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients' characteristics and antidepressants are discussed to be relevant in the context of phobic exposure. AIMS: To identify patients characteristics associated with a differential course of fear during disorder-specific symptom provocation as well as to elucidate the effect of selective serotonin-(noradrenalin-) reuptake inhibitors [SS(N)RI] on development of fear in the context of re-exposure to the phobic stimuli. METHODS: Twenty-eight clinically well-characterized patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia (PD/...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish version of Rosenberg's self-esteem scale.
CONCLUSIONS: The Swedish RSES exhibited a one-component factor structure and showed good psychometric properties in terms of good internal consistency, criterion, convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change. The yes/no and the four-graded Likert-type response scales worked equivalently. PMID: 29607717 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Through measurement positive care in psychiatry is conquered.
Authors: Bech P PMID: 29569961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs): examination of the psychometric properties of two measures for burden of symptoms and quality of life in patients with depression or anxiety.
CONCLUSION: The results from the current study supported the use of the SCL-10 and WHO-5 as potential PROMs to capture symptom burden and quality of life within groups of people with anxiety or depression undergoing psychotherapy treatment. PMID: 29546787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Outreach visits improve referral of alcohol dependent patients from psychiatric hospital to continued care. A randomized trial.
CONCLUSION: OV are an effective strategy for ensuring continued treatment. PMID: 29560777 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Thiol/disulphide homeostasis in schizophrenia patients with positive symptoms.
This study aims to investigate the dynamic thiol/disulphincide homeostasis in patients with schizophrenia who have positive psychotic indications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients (26 males, 18 females; mean age = 34.40 ± 8.98 years) accepted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital and 33 healthy controls (15 males, 18 females; mean age of 30.30 ± 8.48 years) were included in the study. Serum native thiol and total thiol were measured with a novel colorimetric, automated method. The disulfide levels a...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cardiometabolic risk factors, physical activity and psychiatric status in patients in long-term psychiatric inpatient departments.
CONCLUSION: Inpatients in long term psychosis treatment wards have alarmingly high cardiometabolic risk. Level of physical activity was associated with both psychiatric and somatic health. Focus on lifestyle and somatic health should be an integral part of the treatment for hospitalized SMI patients. PMID: 29523041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental disorders: prevalence and comorbidity in children referred to mental health services.
CONCLUSION: In children referred to CAMHS, ND constitute the most frequently occurring group of disorders, with high rates of both homotypic and heterotypic comorbidity. This needs to be taken into consideration in health service planning and treatment delivery. PMID: 29488416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Investigating the relationship between plasma neuropeptide-S levels and clinical depression.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite a significantly high level of comorbid anxiety among the patient group, we found no relationship between plasma NPS levels and depressive symptomatology. PMID: 29488437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Elevated levels of C-reactive protein and IL-6 among the antipsychotic medicating schizophrenia patients of Siliguri, West Bengal, India.
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide the evidence for a possible immunomodulatory effect of antipsychotic drugs on CRP. Future investigations including the study of antipsychotics separately may help to understand the differential effects of individual antipsychotics on CRP level. Additional studies with a larger sample size of psychotropic medication-free patients may help to verify the role of inflammation in schizophrenia patients of this region. PMID: 29464976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Treatment of selective mutism based on cognitive behavioural therapy, psychopharmacology and combination therapy - a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Pharmacologic treatment and especially CBT showed promising results supported by some degree of evidence, which combination treatment lacks. Yet small numbers, few RCTs, heterogeneous study designs, lack of consistent measures, short treatment and follow-up periods, generally limits the evidence. This needs focus in future research. PMID: 29447060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between theory of mind and insight in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Authors: Tulacı RG, Cankurtaran EŞ, Özdel K, Öztürk N, Kuru E, Özdemir İ Abstract BACKGROUND: It is known that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients with poor insight display more severe neuropsychological impairments than other patients with OCD. There are limited studies of OCD and theory of mind (ToM). AIM: To investigate ToM skills in patients with OCD and the relationship between insight and ToM skills by comparing OCD patients with good and poor insight. METHODS: Eighty patients with OCD and 80 healthy controls completed the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis I...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A confirmative clinimetric analysis of the 36-item Family Assessment Device.
CONCLUSIONS: The present analysis confirmed that the 36-item version of the FAD (18 items assessing 'well-being' and 18 items assessing 'dysfunctional' family function) is a brief scale where the summed total score is a valid measure of the dimensions of family functioning. This shorter version of the FAD is, in accordance with the concept of 'measurement-based care', an easy to use scale that could be considered when the aim is to evaluate self-reported family functioning. PMID: 29411685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effect of individual enabling and support on empowerment and depression severity in persons with affective disorders: outcome of a randomized control trial.
CONCLUSION: IES is more effective in increasing empowerment and decreasing depression severity after a 12-month intervention than is TVR. This study was limited by a small sample size and larger trials in different contexts are needed. PMID: 29382250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Outcomes of clients in need of intensive team care in Flexible Assertive Community Treatment in Sweden.
CONCLUSION: Clients with psychosis who need ACT may benefit from Flexible ACT through improved social functioning. Being involved in meaningful activities and supported by others are key aspects of recovering from mental illness and are enhanced by Flexible ACT. PMID: 29373933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of supported employment adapted for people with affective disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of IES for people with affective disorders is most likely cost-saving and is potentially even dominating TVR, although a larger trial is required to establish this. PMID: 29316832 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exploring the relationship between vitamin D and mania: correlations between serum vitamin D levels and disease activity.
Authors: Altunsoy N, Yüksel RN, Cingi Yirun M, Kılıçarslan A, Aydemir Ç Abstract BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest an association between hypovitaminosis D and mood disorders including major depressive disorder, seasonal affective disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. On the other hand, there is not enough study about acute manic episode and hypovitaminosis D. This data insufficient zone led us to study on whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with acute manic episode and has an impact on disease activity Methods: Thirty-one patients with bipolar disorder in remission, 26 patient...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical improvement, relapse and treatment adherence with paliperidone palmitate 1-month formulation: 1-year treatment in a naturalistic outpatient setting.
Authors: Di Lorenzo R, Cameli M, Piemonte C, Bolondi M, Landi G, Pollutri G, Spattini L, Moretti V, Ferri P Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate paliperidone palmitate 1-month formulation (PP1M) effectiveness in a naturalistic outpatient psychiatric setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data from 50 outpatients affected by schizophrenia disorders treated with PP1M for 12 months in an Italian Mental Health Department. After analyzing selected demographic, clinical and pharmacological variables, we performed mirror analysis to compare psychiatric hospitalizations and urgent consultations required by the same pati...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Outcome of depressive and anxiety disorders among young adults: Results from the Longitudinal Finnish Health 2011 Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Thus, depressive and anxiety disorders were persistent/recurrent in one quarter of participants, significantly affecting education and quality of life. Young adults with these disorders need support to achieve their academic goals. PMID: 29276896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of the Montgomery- Åsberg Depression Rating Scale parent report among adolescent psychiatric outpatients.
Diagnostic accuracy of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale parent report among adolescent psychiatric outpatients. Nord J Psychiatry. 2017 Dec 19;:1-7 Authors: Torres Soler C, Olofsdotter S, Vadlin S, Ramklint M, Nilsson KW, Sonnby K Abstract BACKGROUND: The diagnostic accuracy of the parent report of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-P) for the screening of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents has not been evaluated. AIM: The aim was to explore the psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy of the MADRS-P in general child and adolescent psych...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research