Impact of methylphenidate on sleep problems in adults with ADHD: a pilot polysomnography study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings should be interpreted cautiously given the open-label design and small sample size, and should be examined in larger studies with more rigorous study designs. PMID: 33100096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinicians' experiences on patients' demands and shared decision making in Finnish specialized mental health care.
CONCLUSIONS: In their talk, the clinicians use the three discources to make sense of the diverse expectations from both the patient and the mental health care system. The three discources also reflect different aspects in psychiatric treatment cultures, such as evidence-based medicine, the ideal of patient-centeredness, therapeutic interaction and organizational requirements. PMID: 33100101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of brief schema group therapy for borderline personality disorder symptoms: a randomized pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Schema group therapy was feasible for psychiatric outpatients with BPD. However, in this small pilot study we did not find it more effective than TAU. Effectiveness of this short intervention remains open. PMID: 33103925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Relapse risk after in-ward electroconvulsive therapy for acute polymorphic psychotic disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The first year after discharge from APPD is the period associated with the highest risk of relapse. Having many previous admissions was associated to relapse risk after ECT for APPD. The associations between anxiolytics, lamotrigine, and relapse are uncertain and might be influenced by indication bias. PMID: 33095086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Substance use among patients in specialized mental health services in Norway: prevalence and patient characteristics based on a national census.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides further knowledge about patients at risk for co-morbid substance abuse and poor treatment outcomes. Clinicians may consider targeting patients with schizophrenia and other psychoses, young males and those who are socially deprived in efforts to prevent emerging substance abuse and improve outcomes. PMID: 32945698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Are anxiety disorders a pathway to obsessive-compulsive disorder? Different trajectories of OCD and the role of death anxiety.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the argument that death anxiety may influence the trajectory towards OCD, and the comorbidity among anxiety-related disorders. However, further research is needed to clarify whether death anxiety plays a causal role in this trajectory. PMID: 32921190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Implementation of AUDIT in the treatment planning process for alcohol use disorder in Greenland.
DISCUSSION: The AUDIT screening was found useful in individual and national treatment planning. Data suggested that particular focus should be given to women in treatment, and the service offered to the East Greenlandic population. PMID: 32907442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of clozapine on quality of life and functioning in patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with clozapine leads to improvement in core symptoms of schizophrenia and is also associated with significant improvement in the quality of life, functioning, and disability. PMID: 32915089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in patients with first-episode psychosis and schizophrenia: a cross-sectional study in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: The current study found that FEPP and SPP had an increased prevalence of MetS. Especially, clinicians should pay attention to MetS in SPP due to the presence of risk factors, such as advanced age, being female, and long duration of disease and treatment. PMID: 32886012 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the short version of the children of alcoholics screening test (CAST-6) among Swedish adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: The CAST-6 has good to excellent psychometric properties among adolescents. The identified optimal cut-off score of 2 points should be treated with caution due to study limitations. The CAST-6 can be used in various settings to identify a vulnerable at-risk group of children and adolescents that may be in need of support. PMID: 32852242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Matrix metalloproteinase-9 increases the risk of cognitive impairment in schizophrenia.
The objective of the study was to investigate the levels of MMP-9 and NT-3 and their association with cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 124 schizophrenia patients and 124 controls were enrolled in the study. MMP-9 and NT-3 were estimated in both the groups using ELISA. Cognition was assessed using Addenbrooke cognitive examination-III (ACE-III) and disease severity was assessed using PANSS. RESULTS: MMP-9 (p = .003) and NT -3 (p 
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effect of clozapine on psychological outcomes of caregivers of patients with treatment resistant schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION: To conclude, this study suggests that caregivers of patients with TRS, experience significantly higher caregiver burden, and a large proportion of them suffer from psychological morbidity and indulge in expressed emotions and abuse of the patient. Treatment with clozapine for 3 months leads to a reduction in the caregiver burden, expressed emotions, caregiver abuse, and psychological morbidity among the caregivers. PMID: 32820680 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A comparison of inflammatory markers in manic and euthymic states of bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates that NLR and PLR may be used as state markers and that MLR may be used as a trait marker in bipolar disorder. PMID: 32804583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Use of ketogenic diets in the treatment of central nervous system diseases: a systematic review.
Authors: Christensen MG, Damsgaard J, Fink-Jensen A Abstract BACKGROUND: Studies have consistently shown that patients with epilepsy could benefit from ketogenic diets (KDs). Recent evidence suggests that KD could be used in the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) diseases. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the use and efficacy of KD, modified Atkins diet (MAD) and medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) diet in infants, children, adolescents, and adults with CNS diseases. METHODS: This systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-An...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effect of apple vinegar intake on metabolic parameters and constipation in patients with schizophrenia treated with clozapine: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: AV lower the constipation problems faced by patients with schizophrenia treated with clozapine. Further research, repeating this pilot study with a meaningfully larger sample size and randomized with placebo, is needed. PMID: 32762505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Subjective experience of social cognition in young people at Ultra-High Risk of psychosis: a 2-year longitudinal study.
Conclusions: SC deficits are prominent in UHR individuals and are similar in severity to those of FEP patients. However, they tend to decrease over time along with the delivery of targeted, specialized interventions for early psychosis. PMID: 32762506 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical therapy for reducing arousal and mechanical restraint among in-patients with mania.
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that physical therapy lowers the level of arousal and it is possible that physical therapy contributed to a reduction in mechanical restraint among manic patients. However, the study-design does not allow for confirming this causality. PMID: 32744113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Excess mortality and risk factors for mortality among patients with severe mental disorders receiving home care case management.
CONCLUSION: This study presented the gap of mortality in patients with SMDs receiving home care CM in Taiwan. We highlight the need for effective strategies to improve medical care for this specified population. PMID: 32749171 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale parent and self-reports in a Norwegian clinical sample of adolescents treated for ADHD.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support the use of the Norwegian version of the WFIRS-S and the WFIRS-P in the evaluation of functional impairment in adolescents with ADHD. PMID: 32749193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Naturalistic follow-up study of rehospitalization rates and assigned disability status of patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum psychosis in South East Latvia: preliminary results.
CONCLUSION: Approximately, one-third of patients did not continue treatment as out-patients after FEP. One-third of FEP patients were assigned disability status. We suggest that Latvia needs improved treatment options for FEP patients, such as early intervention. PMID: 32729764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Stability of admission diagnoses; data from a specialized in-patient treatment facility for dual diagnosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term admission for psychiatric patients with substance use disorder (SUD) was significantly associated with stability of diagnosis. The finding calls for longer observation of dual diagnosis patients to ensure that relevant diagnosis is given, and consequently that the appropriate clinical treatment such as psychopharmacological as well as non-pharmacological intervention can be applied. PMID: 32720838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The assessment of factors associated with patient satisfaction in evaluation of mental health care center.
CONCLUSION: The study revealed possible directions for improvement in the future in terms of providing information to patients, involvement of relatives and patients in the process of treatment. Further studies with more patients and involvement of other hospitals are required to assess factors associated with the satisfaction to organize care and to plan treatment according to the needs of the patients. PMID: 32707004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Machine learning-based prediction of persistent oppositional defiant behavior for 5 years.
CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that the machine learning-based approach is useful for predicting persistent oppositional defiant behavior in preschool-aged children. PMID: 32689863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between attachment and functioning for people with serious mental illness: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Findings highlight the importance of considering attachment in relation to functional outcome when working with people with SMI, particularly when assessing, formulating, and delivering psychological interventions. PMID: 32692588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Treatment of ADHD in adults - prevalence of discontinuation and associated factors - results from a cross-sectional analysis of Danish register data.
Authors: Mohr-Jensen C, Lange AM, Thomsen PH, Daley D Abstract BACKGROUND: A growing number of adults are receiving pharmacological treatment for ADHD but a sizable proportion also discontinues or have gaps in treatment. The primary aims of this study were to identify how many patients treated for ADHD in adulthood, have at least one event of discontinuation in treatment and to identify possible associated variables. METHODS: Within the Danish population aged 18-60 years on the 1st of January 2013, we identified the number of individuals who had been prescribed ADHD-medication at least once during the 1s...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep quality in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorders.
Authors: Miniksar DY, Özdemir M Abstract BACKGROUND: Although the effect of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) on sleep is not well-known, recent studies suggest an association between OCD and sleep quality. AIMS: We aimed to assess sleep quality in children and adolescents with OCD and to seek its association with OCD symptoms and OCD severity. METHODS: All of the subjects were assessed using DSM 5 and affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children - present and lifetime version, which is based on DSM-IV. The Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale and children's Yale-Brown obsessive-com...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictors of poor 6-week outcome in a cohort of major depressive disorder patients treated with antidepressant medication: the role of entrapment.
CONCLUSIONS: Multivariate analysis revealed that external entrapment was the only predictor of non-remission. PMID: 32646266 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

An examination of the relationship between regulatory T cells and symptom flare-ups in children and adolescents diagnosed with chronic tic disorder and Tourette syndrome.
In this study, we aimed to compare activated regulatory T cell (Treg) values between patients with TS/chronic tic disorder (CTD) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs).Materials and method: Patients with TS/CTD and age- and sex-matched HCs were included in the study. The severity of the disease was evaluated using the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale. CD4+CD25+CD127low Tregs from the patient group and the control group were compared using flow cytometry.Results: The study included 48 patients diagnosed with TS/CTD (36 males and 12 females, mean age: 11.58 ± 2.61) and 24 HCs (18 males and 6 femal...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dyskinesia is most centrally situated in an estimated network of extrapyramidal syndrome in Asian patients with schizophrenia: findings from research on Asian psychotropic prescription patterns for antipsychotics.
Conclusions: Our findings showed that dyskinesia is the most central domain in an estimated network structure of extrapyramidal syndrome in Asian patients with schizophrenia. These findings are consistent with the speculation that acute dystonia, akathisia, and parkinsonism could be the risk factors of tardive dyskinesia. PMID: 32580668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diffusion tensor imaging findings in children with sluggish cognitive tempo comorbid Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Conclusions: Neurobiological differences in ADHD cases are still relatively unexplored. We suggest that including an assessment for SCT in the neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies of ADHD may provide more consistent results. PMID: 32543999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Subjective health-related quality of life in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults with early-onset schizophrenia.
This study investigated the physical and mental SQoL and associated clinical and sociodemographic outcomes among community-dwelling middle-aged and older people with early-onset schizophrenia.Materials and methods: A cross-sectional interview study where participants residing in the Region of Southern Denmark were identified through The Danish Psychiatric Central Register. Of a total of 278 eligible individuals, 59 people aged 55-82 years old participated. The SQoL measure Medical Outcomes Short Form 36 version 2 (SF36) was used. Scores were compared by age groups with normative data for the Danish population. Associa...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The use of diet interventions to treat symptoms of ADHD in children and adolescents - a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Conclusion: The current evidence is not enough to recommend treating ADHD with diet interventions, but a subgroup of children and adolescents might warrant from elimination of certain food-items. Further investigations of the mechanism and effect of diet interventions to treat ADHD is needed. PMID: 32513046 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A nurse-led lifestyle intervention for adult persons with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Sweden.
Conclusion: This intervention may be beneficial and may be implemented in a primary healthcare setting or in other open care units. PMID: 32493144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Serum nesfatin-1, ghrelin, and lipid levels in adolescents with first episode drug na ïve unipolar depression.
This study aimed to evaluate serum nesfatin-1, ghrelin, and lipid levels as biological markers of adolescent MDD and their relationship with the severity of depression-anxiety and suicide risk in MDD. Methods:This study included 37 drug naïve adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 who were diagnosed with a first episode MDD according to the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) and DSM-V diagnostic criteria. Thirty-three healthy adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 were included as the control group. The Children's Depression ...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neurocognitive effects of atypical antipsychotics in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.
Conclusion: All three atypical antipsychotics tested in the study can potentially improve cognitive performance in first-episode schizophrenia, but no significant difference in the degree of improvement was found between drugs. PMID: 32496921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patient satisfaction and acute psychiatric inpatient treatment.
Conclusion: The PIPEQ gives important input of patient's experience with the delivery of care. Answers range from very much satisfied to not at all depending on what was asked for. Exploring PS provides valuable information for quality improvements for different patient groups. PMID: 32427019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Internet-based therapy with FearFighter for anxiety disorders: a randomised clinical trial.
Authors: Fenger M, Lindschou J, Gluud C, Winkel P, Jørgensen L, Dybkjaer JH, Lau M Abstract Background: Internet-based cognitive behavioural self-help psychotherapy (ICBT) can be an important alternative or supplement to ordinary face-to-face therapy.Aim: To assess effectiveness of ICBT for adults with an anxiety disorder.Methods: Sixty-four participants were randomised to 9 weeks with the FearFighter ICBT program (n = 32) or no intervention (n = 32). Outcomes included complete remission, severity of symptoms and occurrence of adverse events.Results: No difference (p&thinsp...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gender- and age-related differences in the quality of mental health care among inpatients with unipolar depression: a nationwide study.
Conclusion: Older patients received higher quality of inpatient care for depression, as reflected by a higher proportion of fulfilled guideline supported process measures. In contrast, we found no gender-related differences. PMID: 32401125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The treatment in the Danish suicide prevention clinics: a clinician perspective.
Conclusions: Treatment in the Danish Suicide Prevention Clinics is characterized by methodological flexibility and diversity and with an emphasis on a patient-oriented approach. Furthermore, clinicians balance knowledge available by switching between a direct and an indirect approach according to the perceived suicide risk. If suicide risk was perceived as high, they would administer a direct approach and if low, an indirect approach. Finally, there seems to be differences as to how effective therapeutic methodologies work in the practice of suicide prevention. PMID: 32379558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Milieu therapy for hospitalized patients with late-life anxiety and depression: a qualitative study.
Conclusion: Results from this study describe content and complexity of MT strategies that can be supportive in everyday practice in psychogeriatric inpatient units and nursing homes, and have the potential to facilitate teaching, supervision and counseling of health professionals, caregivers and patients. PMID: 32367761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A higher body mass index in Chinese inpatients with chronic schizophrenia is associated with elevated plasma orexin-A levels and fewer negative symptoms.
Authors: Liu Z, Zhang Y, Zhao T, Wang J, Xia L, Zhong Y, Yang Y, Ning X, Zhang Y, Ren Z, Liu H Abstract Objective: Orexin-A is involved in numerous physiological functions, such as feeding behavior and energy balance. Yet, the associations among the orexin system, weight changes and the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia patients remain uncertain, especially in inpatients with chronic schizophrenia (CS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the orexin-A levels, body mass index (BMI) and clinical symptoms of CS inpatients.Methods: Altogether, 324 inpatients were enrolled in our study...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Obstetric complications and subsequent risk of mood disorders for offspring in adulthood: a comprehensive overview.
Conclusion: OCs may confer a risk of developing mood disorders in adulthood. Future research should confirm these preliminary findings and clarify if other obstetric or neonatal complications (e.g. cyanosis or newborn epileptic seizures) may have a role in the future onset of mood disorders. PMID: 32297541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mapping factors facilitating resilience in mothers - potential clinical relevance for children with ADHD.
Conclusion: The findings indicate that selected factors in maternal functioning may contribute to development of resilience, which may in turn be a factor of importance in parenting. PMID: 32255402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mortality among male forensic and non-forensic psychiatric patients: matched cohort study of rates, predictors and causes-of-death.
This study suggests that SUD and longer inpatient time per year are independent risk factors for increased mortality in psychiatric patients. PMID: 32248726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Fluoxetine in acute treatment of children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusions and implications of key findings: Fluoxetine is associated with a significantly greater reduction in OCD severity, as measured by the CY-BOCS, NIMH-OC and CGI-S, in children and adolescents. Additionally, it is well tolerated in children and adolescents. The acceptability is comparable to that of the placebo-treated group. Nonetheless, further large prospective trials should be conducted to confirm these outcomes. PMID: 32242450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Different response patterns in hallucinations and delusions to antipsychotic treatment.
Conclusion: Focusing on separate symptoms rather than general symptom clusters could offer clinicians a useful approach when evaluating the early response of antipsychotics.ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT00932529; URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/. PMID: 32242498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The prevalence and comorbidity rates of specific learning disorder among primary school children in Turkey.
Authors: Büber A, Başay Ö, Şenol H Abstract Purpose: The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence of specific learning disorder (SLD), comorbid disorders, and risk factors in primary school children for the first time in two-stage design in Turkey.Materials and methods: Participants were 1041 pupils in 28 primary schools and aged from 7 to 11. The Mathematics, Reading, Writing Assessment Scale (MOYA) teacher and parent forms were used in the screening stage and parents and teachers of each child completed MOYA. Ninety-five children were screen positive and eighty-three of these children pa...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characterization of deficit schizophrenia and reliability of the bidimensional model of its negative symptomatology.
Conclusions: Our results were consistent with the published data and indicated that the DS profile in the Spanish population is similar to that in other populations, which would corroborate the homogeneity of DS within the schizophrenia spectrum and contribute to the hypothesis that DS constitutes a separate disease. PMID: 32149549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neuropsychological performance in patients with substance use disorder with and without mood disorders.
Conclusions: Patients with substance abuse and mood disorders seem to have more deficits in speed processing and perceptual reasoning than substance abuse patients without mood disorders. These processing speed difficulties and perceptual problems may impact prognosis and treatment. The Digit Symbol test and the Block Design test are a fast and sensitive ways to examine treatment effectiveness and monitor treatment progress. PMID: 32134345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Icelandic translation and reliability data on the DSM-5 version of the schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-aged children - present and lifetime version (K-SADS-PL).
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the Icelandic translation of the DSM-5 K-SADS-PL can be reliably administered by postgraduate students. PMID: 32134350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research