Lifestyle, appearance satisfaction and depressive symptoms in 13-16  years old Norwegian adolescents - A cross-sectional study.
Conclusions: High screen time was the most prevalent lifestyle risk behavior independently associated with depressive symptoms. Multiple lifestyle changes and improvement of appearance satisfaction should be included in measures targeting adolescents for the prevention and treatment of depressive symptoms. Future studies should elaborate on the gender differences in other adolescent age groups. Appearance satisfaction should be acknowledged as an important confounder in future studies of lifestyle and depressive symptoms. PMID: 31419392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gender differences in healthcare management of depression: aspects of sick leave and treatment with psychoactive drugs in a Swedish setting.
Conclusions: Men had somewhat higher odds of being prescribed psychoactive drugs and slightly lower odds of being sick-leave certified as compared to women at date when diagnosed with depression. The absolute differences were, however, small and the overall conclusion is that women and men with current diagnosed depressive episode/recurrent depressive disorder are generally managed likewise regarding sick leave and psychoactive treatment. PMID: 31403826 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Decreased theory of mind skills, increased emotion dysregulation and insight levels in adolescents diagnosed with obsessive compulsive disorder.
Conclusions: This study supports the idea that OCD is related to deficits in theory of mind and emotion regulation skills. Thus, further studies are required to confirm the findings of this study. PMID: 31403840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Validation of the Danish version of the brief negative symptom scale.
Conclusions: Overall, BNSS holds appropriate psychometric properties in terms of reliability and validity. However, discriminant validity was compromised by correlations with positive symptoms and Parkinsonism. The former originates presumably from NS secondary to positive symptoms since the sample included acutely psychotic patients, and the latter from overlapping rating criteria regarding facial expressivity impairment. PMID: 31407936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Differences in metacognitive beliefs among patients with bipolar disorder with or without previous suicide attempts.
Authors: Cesur E, Şahmelikoğlu Onur Ö, Erten E Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare differences in metacognitive beliefs between patients with bipolar disorder type I (BPDI) with previous suicide attempts (BPDI+), those without suicide attempts (BPDI-), and a control group. It also discusses the relationship between metacognitive beliefs and suicidal behavioral parameters. Materials and methods: The study included 72 BPDI+ and 73 BPDI- euthymic patients and 86 healthy age- and gender-matched individuals. All participants completed a sociodemographic data form, the Beck Depression Inventory, ...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

12-Month stability of neurological soft signs in stabilized patients with schizophrenia.
Discussion: The results of the current study suggest that after stabilization of patients with schizophrenia, there are probably two separate components, a 'trait' which is stable over a 12-month period, and a 'degenerative' component with a tendency to worsen probably in parallel with the progression of the illness and in correlation with the worsening of negative symptoms. However, the statistical support of the 'degenerative' component is weak. Significant outcomes Neurological softs signs are stable over a 12-month period, with the exception of 'sensory integration' which manifests significant improvement irrespective ...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Quality of life in older adults with ADHD: links to ADHD symptom levels and executive functioning deficits.
Conclusions: Older adults with ADHD show serious impairments in quality of life, that are comparable to the levels found for younger adults. Impairments may increase further as these individuals grow older and clinics need to meet the needs of this increasingly larger group of patients. PMID: 31380715 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Relationships between depressive symptoms and panic disorder symptoms during guided internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for panic disorder.
Conclusions: Guided ICBT for panic disorder is effective for both primary panic disorder symptoms and secondary depressive symptoms. Patients with high pre-treatment secondary depressive symptoms may constitute a vulnerable subgroup. A high level of panic disorder symptoms early in treatment seems beneficiary for depressive symptoms outcome. A time-dependent model may be necessary to describe the relationship between PAD symptoms and depressive symptoms during the course of treatment. PMID: 31373520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Implementing physical exercise and music interventions for patients suffering from dementia on an acute psychogeriatric inpatient ward.
Authors: Pitkänen A, Alanen HM, Kampman O, Suontaka-Jamalainen K, Leinonen E Abstract Background: Increasing attention is focusing on psychosocial interventions for treating patients with dementia. Aims: This observational intervention study investigated the impact of physical exercise and music interventions among patients with dementia on an acute psychogeriatric ward. Materials and methods: The data were collected during February 2009-December 2010 (n = 89; treatment as usual) and during April 2011-March 2013 (n = 86; treatment as usual with physical exercise, e.g. balance, flexi...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Concurrent validity of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in relation to Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) severity levels according to the brief DSM-5 AUD diagnostic assessment screener.
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that AUDIT is a valid screener for detecting concurrent AUD at three severity levels in the Swedish general population. PMID: 31347426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attitudes toward standardized assessment tools and their use among clinicians in a public mental health service.
Authors: Bjaastad JF, Jensen-Doss A, Moltu C, Jakobsen P, Hagenberg H, Joa I Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate the use and attitudes toward standardized assessment tools among clinicians in a public mental health service in Norway. A total of 606 clinicians provided feedback on their use and attitudes regarding psychometric qualities of such tools, their practicality, and their benefit over clinical judgment alone using the Attitudes toward Standardized Assessment (ASA) Scales. Clinicians working in the adult mental health field scored significantly higher on use of diagnostic interviews, pre...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The characteristics of the comorbidity between social anxiety and separation anxiety disorders in adult patients.
Conclusion: Our findings might indicate that the comorbidity of SeAD with SAD may increase the risk of the severity of AvPD and current depression. PMID: 31322453 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Experiences of sexual harassment are associated with high self-esteem and social anxiety among adolescent girls.
Conclusion: Experiences of being sexually harassed correlate among adolescents with high social anxiety but also with high self-esteem. Sexual harassment among adolescents may partly be explained as inept ways of showing interest, but it may nevertheless have detrimental effects on the well-being of the those subjected to it. PMID: 31311376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, monocyte/lymphocyte ratio, and mean platelet volume as systemic inflammatory markers in different states of bipolar disorder.
Conclusions: NLR, MLR, and MPV obtained from simple and inexpensive blood tests were significantly higher in patients with BD than in healthy controls, which each imply low-grade inflammation. MPV may serve as a possible trait biomarker of BD, while NLR and MLR may both serve as possible state biomarkers of the manic state. PMID: 31304832 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Long-term stability of personality traits in a clinical psychiatric sample.
Conclusions: The findings support the theory that personality is changeable over the course of life, also in psychiatric patients. We do not know if persisting psychiatric symptoms halter change or if deviant personality traits cause psychiatric symptoms to continue. PMID: 31304872 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Finnish psychiatric birth cohort consortium (PSYCOHORTS) - content, plans and perspectives.
Conclusions: PSYCOHORTS lays the foundation for complex examinations of psychiatric disorders that is based on compatible datasets, use of biobanks and multigenerational approach to risk factors, and extensive data on marginalization and inequality. PMID: 31271336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictors of treatment satisfaction in antipsychotic-na ïve and previously medicated patients with acute-phase psychosis.
Conclusion: Reducing positive symptoms and side effects are important to enhance patient satisfaction. However, improving insight and reducing depression are more important in antipsychotic-naïve patients. PMID: 31271338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Construct validity of the Mechanical Restraint - Confounders, Risk, Alliance Score (MR-CRAS): a new risk assessment instrument.
Conclusions: The study shows evidence of the construct validity of MR - CRAS among clinicians at closed forensic mental health inpatient units. MR - CRAS contributes with a common language and structured, systematic and transparent observations and assessments on an hour by hour basis during mechanical restraint. PMID: 31264926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prospective relations between alexithymia, substance use and depression: findings from a National Birth Cohort.
Conclusions: Our study contributes to research that links alexithymia with difficulties in affect regulation and cumulative contextual risk in childhood, yielding findings that may be relevant for preventive interventions. PMID: 31259640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cannabis use correlates with aggressive behavior and long-acting injectable antipsychotic treatment in Asian patients with schizophrenia.
Conclusion: Our findings indicate a close link between lifetime cannabis use and aggressive behavior. The use of long-acting, injectable antipsychotics preferentially treats the aggressive behavior cannabis users among patients with schizophrenia in Asia, especially, the South or Southeast Asia. PMID: 31240984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Temperament and character in homicidal patients with schizophrenia.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that forensic schizophrenic patients with higher HA scores would show a greater risk of homicidal violence. Improved understanding of personality traits associated with such behavior is needed in order to prevent homicidal behavior. Importance of these results suggests that further study is needed. PMID: 31215824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Altered serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and glial-derived neurotrophic factor but not fibroblast growth factor-2 in treatment-naive children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Authors: Yurteri N, Şahin İE, Tufan AE Abstract Background and aim: Recent evidence suggests that growth factors might be involved in the pathophysiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of this study was to determine whether serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), nerve growth factor (NGF), fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were altered in children with ADHD. Methods: Serum levels of BDNF, GDNF, NT-3, NGF, VEGF and FGF-2 were analyzed in 49 treatment- naive ...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical utility of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in the diagnosis of neuroleptic malignant syndrome.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the hypothesis of inflammation via neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the etiology of NMS. Methods: In this retrospective case-control study, data were collected using digital database of Bakırköy Mental Health Research and Training State Hospital by screening NMS diagnosis according to 'International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) code: G21.0' between the years of 2007 and 2017. We included 32 hospitalizations with the diagnosis of NMS and 31 other acute psychiatric hospitalizations without NMS of same patients. NLR was calculated as proportion of absolute neutrophil cou...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Group-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety Disorder in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a feasibility study.
Conclusions: This study suggests that the transition of the group programme 'Cool Kids ASD' from University Clinics to standard child psychiatric clinical settings is feasible. Further randomised studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of the programme in a larger sample. PMID: 31156001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The evaluation of metacognitive beliefs and emotion recognition in panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder: effects on symptoms and comparison with healthy control.
Conclusions: Our study revealed the role of inconvenient metacognitive beliefs and distorted emotion recognition in PD and GAD. These findings might facilitate the treatment management in cognitive therapies of anxiety disorders via pointing out more reasonable targets across improper cognitive fields. PMID: 31157577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The influence of substance use on the effectiveness of antipsychotic medication: a prospective, pragmatic study.
Conclusion: Substance use alone did not influence antipsychotic effectiveness in this sample of patients with psychosis. PMID: 31140342 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parental PTSD and school performance in 16-year-olds - a Swedish national cohort study.
Conclusions: Parental PTSD has major consequences for children's school performance and contributes to the lower school performance in children in refugee families in Sweden. Identification and treatment of PTSD in refugee parents is important for offspring educational achievement. Psychiatric clinics and treatment centres need to have a strategy for support, including educational support, to the offspring of their patients with PTSD. PMID: 31134834 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effects of practicing target-shooting sport on the severity of inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive symptoms in children: a non-randomised controlled open-label study in Denmark.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the negative result on the primary outcome, the robust findings on these secondary outcomes in this open-label study indicate proof of concept that practicing target-shooting sport may have some beneficial effects on the severity of ADHD-symptoms in children. No adverse events were reported. Randomised trials of this non-pharmacological intervention are needed. PMID: 31107130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Assessing risk for inpatient physical violence in a female forensic psychiatric sample - comparing HCR-20v2 with the female additional manual to the HCR-20v2.
CONCLUSIONS: The results support the use of HCR-20v2 when assessing risk for inpatient violence for female forensic psychiatric patients, but with only some support for adding or changing risk factors according to the FAM. PMID: 31081436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prenatal maternal depressive symptoms and infant DNA methylation: a longitudinal epigenome-wide study.
CONCLUSIONS: This sample of pregnant women and their infants living in Norway did not reveal associations between maternal depressive symptoms and infant DNA methylation. PMID: 31070508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Supported accommodation for people with schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results supported the hypothesis that people with severe mental illness presenting the greatest need for supported accommodation, based on functional difficulties and exacerbation of chronic disease were allocated supported accommodation. Symptom burden was not associated with allocation. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Further research is needed to examine the impact of supported accommodation on the outcomes for people with schizophrenia. PMID: 31070510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and clinical characteristics of body dysmorphic disorder in adolescent inpatient psychiatric patients-a pilot study.
DISCUSSION: BDD is present in adolescents admitted in inpatient psychiatric hospital with more female patients endorsing BDD versus their male counterparts. Patients with BDD are more likely to endorse more comorbid psychiatric issues such as anxiety, OCD, ADHD and substance abuse. PMID: 31074670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Misophonia and comorbid psychiatric symptoms: a preliminary study of clinical findings.
CONCLUSION: Our findings highlight the importance of recognizing psychiatric comorbidity among misophonia sufferers. The presence of these varying psychiatric disorders' features in individuals with misophonia suggests that while misophonia has unique clinical characteristics with an underlying neurophysiological mechanism, may be associated with psychiatric symptoms. Therefore, when assessing individuals with misophonia symptoms, it is important to screen for psychiatric symptoms. This will assist researchers and clinicians to better understand the nature of the symptoms and how they may be interacting and ultimately allo...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Inverse association between serum albumin and depressive symptoms among drug-free individuals with a recent suicide attempt.
Authors: Ambrus L, Westling S Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIM: Albumin is a protein with multifaceted functions in the human body. According to many studies, lower serum albumin may be associated with depression in various groups of psychiatric and non-psychiatric patients, as well as with attempted suicide. As more severe depressive symptoms have been identified as a reliable risk factor for suicide in patients with high suicide risk, it would be of interest to study whether, the inverse association between depressive symptoms and albumin may exist among patients with attempted suicide. Therefore, the aim of the study...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The prevalence of childhood psychopathology in Turkey: a cross-sectional multicenter nationwide study (EPICPAT-T).
CONCLUSION: This is the largest and most comprehensive epidemiological study to determine the prevalence of psychopathologies in children and adolescents in Turkey. Our results partly higher than, and partly comparable to previous national and international studies. It also contributes to the literature by determining the independent predictors of psychopathologies in this age group. PMID: 30964388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatric diagnosis in primary care patients with increased depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that most of the primary care patients with increased depressive symptoms have a psychiatric disorder. Although depression is the most common diagnosis, there are several other concurrent psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore, diagnostic assessment of primary care patients with a screening score over 9 in the BDI-21 should be reconsidered. PMID: 30929594 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early Trauma Inventory Self-Report Short Form (ETISR-SF): validation of the Swedish translation in clinical and non-clinical samples.
CONCLUSIONS: The Swedish translation of the ETISR-SF was found to have similar psychometric properties as both the original version and translations. ETISR-SF scores could also distinguish between different diagnostic groups associated with various degrees of trauma, which supports its discriminant validity. PMID: 30900487 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Parental characteristics and the risk of schizophrenia in a Chinese population: a case-control study.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that parental years of education and age of childbearing are associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia in a Chinese population. Age of onset of schizophrenia was positively associated with a greater number of siblings and negatively associated with parental marital disharmony. PMID: 30900499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Assertive community treatment versus standard treatment for severely mentally ill patients in Denmark: a quasi-experimental trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that a high fidelity assertive community treatment may be a valuable tool to strengthen contact between severely mentally ill patients and the treatment staff and may contribute to improving outcomes in a modern Danish mental health context. PMID: 30894038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Klotho, vitamin D and homocysteine levels during acute episode and remission periods in schizophrenia patients.
This study included 30 schizophrenic inpatients, 30 schizophrenic outpatients in remission and 28 healthy volunteers as the control group. The psychiatric diagnoses of our patients were evaluated according to DSM-IV criteria. The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale were used for clinical measurements. Serum Klotho, homocysteine, vitamin D, vitamin B12 and folic acid levels were analyzed using ELISA and compared with clinical properties. RESULTS: The PANSS scores and CGI scores were higher in schizophrenic inpatient...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Implicit and explicit self-concept of neuroticism in borderline personality disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The present data suggest that BPD patients with comorbid clinical depression but not those without clinical depression differ from healthy individuals in their implicit self-concept of neuroticism. In the associative network, BPD patients with comorbid clinical depression exhibit stronger associations of the self with neuroticism-related characteristics, such as nervousness, fearfulness, and uncertainty than healthy individuals. Regardless of depression, BPD patients show increased explicit neuroticism. Our findings provide evidence that the IAT neuroticism can be applied reliably to BPD patients. PMID: 30...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

What is important for the sustained implementation of evidence-based brief psychotherapy interventions in psychiatric care? A quantitative evaluation of a real-world programme.
CONCLUSION: Brief but multi-faceted training with subsequent case consultations promoted the adoption of EBTs in a real-world setting. Adding specific sustainment strategies to the implementation plan is proposed to ensure the long-term survival of the implementation outcomes. PMID: 30888233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

FAST-O works well for characterization and monitoring of sheltered housing schizophrenia patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The SH staff was able to produce valid FAST-O assessments. There are reference data which makes it possible to characterize individual patients as well as SH units with respect to treatment needs and safety aspects (for instance risk of violence). PMID: 30888234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Convergent and divergent validity of the schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children - present and lifetime version diagnoses in a sample of children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the convergent and divergent validity of four diagnose categories generated by the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children - Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). The diagnose categories were: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). The K-SADS-PL was applied in a clinical sample of youth aged 7-17 years (N = 269), who were participants in the Nordic long-term OCD-treatment study (NordLOTS). Youth and parents completed measures to evaluate symptoms of anxiety...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Methylphenidate effects on processing speed in a clinical sample of adults with ADHD and substance use disorder: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Proportionally, fewer adults with ADHD and SUD exhibited normalization of processing speed than previously observed for adults with ADHD without SUD. A potential clinical implication of the present study is that the AQT test may be used as a tool for dose-adjustment of central stimulants in the treatment of adults with ADHD and SUD. PMID: 30861357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A study on the association of psychiatric diagnoses and childhood adversities with suicide risk.
CONCLUSIONS: Psychiatric disorders and most CAT domains associate with suicide risk. However, when the effect of co-morbidity and overlap of CAT domains is controlled, major depression, social phobia, alcohol, and drug dependency and emotional abuse seem to increase the risk of suicide. The risk profile varies between the genders. PMID: 30856038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Physical discomfort in early pregnancy and postpartum depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: Indicators of an increased risk of postpartum depressive symptoms may be found in early pregnancy. Pregnancy-related pain in the first trimester may be a sign of psychological vulnerability or an aspect of an existing depressive state that calls for attention. PMID: 30848973 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dual diagnosis and mechanical restraint - a register based study of 31,793 patients and 6562 episodes of mechanical restraint in the Capital region of Denmark from 2010-2014.
CONCLUSION: When preventing mechanical restraint, the focus should be on actual use of substances or withdrawal effects and not on the dual diagnoses patients in them-self. PMID: 30848979 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Is the Cool Kids programme working in outpatient psychiatric clinics? A Danish naturalistic effectiveness study.
CONCLUSION: The intervention significantly decreased the interference caused by anxiety symptoms in both the children's and the parents' lives from pre- to post-treatment and results were maintained during the 3-month follow up. Nevertheless, no additional significant reduction in interference was detected in the follow up contrary to the results from previous efficacy studies. Our results confirm that Cool Kids can be successfully implemented in clinical practice. PMID: 30767588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Overview of measurement-based positive psychiatry.
CONCLUSIONS: Positive psychiatry has the potential to improve the health and well-being of individuals with or without mental illnesses. Further research is needed to provide clinicians and investigators with a full tool-box of validated measures for positive psychosocial factors and outcomes. These measures should be subjected to rigorous psychometric evaluation across populations to help clarify mechanisms underlying positive factors, evaluate their longitudinal trajectories, and examine the impact of interventions on health and well-being over the lifespan in different clinical groups. PMID: 30744516 [PubMed - in pr...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research