Psychiatric disorders in a population of deceased drug users
CONCLUSION: Decedents with psychiatric morbidity and dual diagnosis did not increase their lifespan over a 10-year period. Decedents with only positive toxicology increasingly consumed nonprescribed psychotropic medication and may have suffered from undiagnosed psychiatric disorders. The prevalence of prescribed and nonprescribed benzodiazepines and methadone increased and may have contributed to premature mortality.PMID:33650457 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1887350 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Line Kruckow Christian Tjagvad Thomas Clausen Jytte Banner Source Type: research

Divergent mentalization types in adolescent borderline personality disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
CONCLUSION: Mentalization patterns in ADHD and BPD are distinct. ADHD may be related to hypomentalization, instead, BPD may be related to hypermentalization.PMID:33635183 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1887349 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ömer Faruk Akça Kiana Wall Carla Sharp Source Type: research

Comparative study of effectiveness of augmentation with ECT in clozapine resistant schizophrenia (CRS) and non-clozapine resistant schizophrenia (Non-CRS)
CONCLUSION: ECT is an effective augmentation strategy for patients with CRS and it is as effective as when used in patients with non-CRS.PMID:33630681 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1877349 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sandeep Grover Anish Shouan Subho Chakrabarti Swapnajeet Sahoo Aseem Mehra Source Type: research

Emerging cycloid psychosis episodes during COVID-19 pandemic: a case series
CONCLUSION: We found an increase in the admission of patients with CP during the first two months of the actual pandemic. Stress caused by the COVID-19 situation has possibly incremented the frequency of stress-related disorders and it has also influenced its clinical presentation.PMID:33630694 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1885061 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eloi Gin é Servén Maria Martinez Ramirez Ester Boix Quintana Araitz Petrizan Aleman Francisco-Javier Bar ón Fernández Paloma Fern ández Corcuera Maria Serra Buil Josep Ca ñete Crespillo Source Type: research

Clinical validation of the Symptom Self-rating Scale for Schizophrenia (4S) among inpatients
Nord J Psychiatry. 2021 Feb 25:1-11. doi: 10.1080/08039488.2021.1881821. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: Self-reports of psychosis-related symptoms may be a valuable supplement to clinician-ratings, but more validation studies are required. The aim of this study was to conduct clinical validation for the Symptom Self-rating Scale for Schizophrenia (4S) in an inpatient setting.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia were invited to participate in the study. The participants completed the 4S, the 5-item World Health Organization Wellbeing Index (WHO-5) and the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) at t...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pernille K ølbæk Daniel Guinart Mark Opler Christoph U Correll Ole Mors S øren D Østergaard Source Type: research

Changes in clinical and social situation after involuntary admission of homeless people with psychotic disorders: a one-year follow-up study
CONCLUSION: Involuntary admissions can be an effective treatment of psychiatric aspects of mentally ill homeless patients. Unfortunately, a substantial part of these patients was quickly discharged before sufficient treatment, leaving room for improvement. Furthermore, few improvements were seen concerning the patients' social situation. More focus on the coherence between psychiatric and municipality services, targeting the social issues and substance use of homeless patients, is strongly needed.PMID:33612065 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1881820 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amanda Frisk Vorting Mads Gram Henriksen Julie Nordgaard Source Type: research

Who predict ADHD with better diagnostic accuracy?: Parents or teachers?
CONCLUSION: In general, parents and teachers seem to predict ADHD in similar accuracy. Nevertheless, child gender and parental education level may alter the predictability power for ADHD. The findings can guide for clinicians that how to evaluate observation reports of parents and teachers to make accurate ADHD diagnosis in patients.PMID:33612071 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2020.1867634 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ak ın Tahıllıoğlu Öznur Bilaç Taciser Uysal Ey üp Sabri Ercan Source Type: research

Changes in clinical and social situation after involuntary admission of homeless people with psychotic disorders: a one-year follow-up study
CONCLUSION: Involuntary admissions can be an effective treatment of psychiatric aspects of mentally ill homeless patients. Unfortunately, a substantial part of these patients was quickly discharged before sufficient treatment, leaving room for improvement. Furthermore, few improvements were seen concerning the patients' social situation. More focus on the coherence between psychiatric and municipality services, targeting the social issues and substance use of homeless patients, is strongly needed.PMID:33612065 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1881820 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amanda Frisk Vorting Mads Gram Henriksen Julie Nordgaard Source Type: research

Who predict ADHD with better diagnostic accuracy?: Parents or teachers?
CONCLUSION: In general, parents and teachers seem to predict ADHD in similar accuracy. Nevertheless, child gender and parental education level may alter the predictability power for ADHD. The findings can guide for clinicians that how to evaluate observation reports of parents and teachers to make accurate ADHD diagnosis in patients.PMID:33612071 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2020.1867634 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ak ın Tahıllıoğlu Öznur Bilaç Taciser Uysal Ey üp Sabri Ercan Source Type: research

Changes in clinical and social situation after involuntary admission of homeless people with psychotic disorders: a one-year follow-up study
CONCLUSION: Involuntary admissions can be an effective treatment of psychiatric aspects of mentally ill homeless patients. Unfortunately, a substantial part of these patients was quickly discharged before sufficient treatment, leaving room for improvement. Furthermore, few improvements were seen concerning the patients' social situation. More focus on the coherence between psychiatric and municipality services, targeting the social issues and substance use of homeless patients, is strongly needed.PMID:33612065 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1881820 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amanda Frisk Vorting Mads Gram Henriksen Julie Nordgaard Source Type: research

Who predict ADHD with better diagnostic accuracy?: Parents or teachers?
CONCLUSION: In general, parents and teachers seem to predict ADHD in similar accuracy. Nevertheless, child gender and parental education level may alter the predictability power for ADHD. The findings can guide for clinicians that how to evaluate observation reports of parents and teachers to make accurate ADHD diagnosis in patients.PMID:33612071 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2020.1867634 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ak ın Tahıllıoğlu Öznur Bilaç Taciser Uysal Ey üp Sabri Ercan Source Type: research

Emotional and cognitive conflict resolution and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder in adolescent offspring of parents diagnosed with major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and matched healthy controls.
CONCLUSION: Rates of lifetime DMDD were similar in the MDDoff and BDoff groups. BDoff may experience greater difficulties in resolving cognitive and emotional conflicts. PMID: 33591219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Traumatic experiences of conditional refugee children and adolescents and predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder: data from Turkey.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the number of traumas exposed as well as their nature predicted PTSD diagnosis. Refugee children have increased risk for psychiatric problems after migration and resettlement underlining the importance of an adequate follow-up for mental health and ensuring social support networks. PMID: 33591886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Changes in referral patterns to outpatient child and adolescent psychiatric services from 2005-2018.
CONCLUSIONS: There has been significant changes in the referral pattern to outpatient CAP services. The increasing referral rates for girls for disorders with onset in early childhood could indicate improved ability in primary settings to recognize these symptoms in girls. However, late referral to CAP services for these disorders remains an issue. Educational services play an increasing role in referring children for these disorders, and it is important to ensure that they have the competences to identify children in need of assessment by CAP services. PMID: 33586612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness analysis of a supported employment intervention for people with mood and anxiety disorders in Denmark - the IPS-MA intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite a significant saving in use of labour market services, IPS-MA was not cost-effective. Participants in the IPS-MA group worked significantly fewer hours and earned significantly less than participants in the control group at 1-year follow-up. PMID: 33559510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sense of coherence in long-term follow-up of adolescents with anorexia nervosa.
Authors: Vagedes J, Kleih T, Belizer C, Svaldi J, Hautzinger M, von Schoen-Angerer T Abstract BACKGROUND: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a personal resource that allows people to stay healthy in spite of stressful situations. SOC is known to be low in eating disorders. We explored whether SOC correlated with anorexia nervosa (AN) symptoms several years after initial hospitalization for AN, to inform us whether AN treatment concepts could more specifically focus on increasing SOC. METHODS: Former patients were contacted 5-11 years after hospitalization for AN in a German integrative medicine hospital. Partic...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between depressive symptoms and subsequent injuries in early adolescents: a population-based study.
This study assessed the association between DSs and subsequent school and out-of-school injuries in early adolescents. METHODS: The study population included 1219 middle-school adolescents from north-eastern France (mean age =12.7 ± 1.3) who completed at the end of school-year a questionnaire gathering socioeconomic features (nationality, family structure, parents' occupation, parents' education, and family income), obesity, alcohol use, tobacco use, health status, DSs (Kandel scale higher than the median value, hence including moderate levels), and school and out-of-school injuries during the pres...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Self esteem and clinical features in a clinical sample of children with ADHD and social anxiety disorder.
In this study, we aimed to investigate self-esteem and clinical features in clinically referred children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) and compare these to children and adolescents without SAD. METHODS: One hundred and twenty child and adolescent drug-naïve outpatients (6-15 years of age) with a primary diagnosis of ADHD were included. Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL), was used to evaluate ADHD and comorbidities. Parents filled in clinical and s...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A comparative study evaluating insight in different phase of illness among patients with bipolar disorder by using multiple scales.
CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that patients with mania have poor insight when compared to the patients in clinical remission and depression. The present study also demonstrates that the assessment of clinical insight is not affected much by the type of scale used. PMID: 33446004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Delayed healthcare access among victims of sexual abuse, understood through internal and external gatekeeping mechanisms.
CONCLUSION: Adult victims of sexual abuse have difficulties accessing appropriate healthcare. This constitutes a gender-based equality problem. A model of gatekeeping mechanisms with two dimensions (external and internal) and three categories (Competence related, Organizational and Emotional) is proposed to understand these difficulties. PMID: 33428517 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Increased cerebral blood flow in the right anterior cingulate cortex and fronto-orbital cortex during go/no-go task in children with ADHD.
Authors: Baytunca MB, de Frederick B, Bolat GU, Kardas B, Inci SB, Ipci M, Calli C, Özyurt O, Öngür D, Süren S, Ercan ES Abstract OBJECTIVE: Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a relatively new imaging modality in the field of the cognitive neuroscience. In the present study, we aimed to compare the dynamic regional cerebral blood flow alterations of children with ADHD and healthy controls during a neurocognitive task by using event-related ASL scanning. METHODS: The study comprised of 17 healthy controls and 20 children with ADHD. The study subjects were scanned on 3 Tesla MRI scanner to obtain...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Marginal relationship between affective dispositions and neurocognitive function in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: The neuropsychological test scores were mainly predicted by age and gender, with small contributions from negative psychosis symptoms. There was a statistically significant relationship between Positive Affect and processing speed and between Negative Affect and verbal memory and executive function. However, the level of neurocognitive function variance explained by these affects was only 5%. Thus, the neurocognitive test results were not associated with trait affect in any clinically significant manner. This adds to previous findings of no relationship between affective dispositions and psychosis symptom vari...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Classifying ADHD subtypes/presentations considering the joint effect of three levels of investigation.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that ADHD subtypes/presentations can be differentiated from each other at different levels of investigation despite some clinical symptoms overlap. The results suggested that not only psychopathology but also the impairment of sensory processing should be assessed in children with ADHD in order to use this additional information for a jointly multilevel clinical intervention, which may improve treatment success. PMID: 33393425 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Validation of the lithuanian version of the self-evaluation of negative symptoms scale (SNS).
CONCLUSIONS: Lithuanian version of SNS is a valuable tool to evaluate negative symptoms of schizophrenia with good internal consistency, convergent, and discriminant validity. PMID: 33356749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Drug holidays may not affect processing speed while they may reduce beneficial effects on resistance to interference among children with treated with methylphenidate: a single-center, prospective study.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of drug holidays during summer vacations among children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who were treated with methylphenidate in terms of ADHD symptoms and executive functions. METHODS: The study was a prospective cohort study that includes pre-treatment, post-treatment and post-drug holiday evaluations. ADHD symptom severity was evaluated with the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI), the Conners' Parental Rating Scale-Short Form (CPRS) and the Conners' Teacher Rating Scale- Short Form (CTRS). The Stroop Color Word Test- TBAG Form (SCWT) was used to ev...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Online and offline sexual harassment associations of anxiety and depression in an adolescent sample.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that sexual harassment remains a common plague for adolescents, especially for girls. Offline sexual harassment is the most common form of harassment for both genders. For girls, but not for boys, online sexual harassment correlated significantly with anxiety and depressive symptoms. A strong negative correlation between satisfaction to peer-relationships and mental health symptoms was found. PMID: 33347341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antipsychotic use among persons with schizophrenia in Sweden and Finland, trends and differences.
CONCLUSION: Potential explanations for the observed discrepancies include differences in national treatment guidelines, methods of data collection, patient characteristics and/or attitudes towards treatment among both patients and physicians. PMID: 33331804 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

History of suicide attempts in patients with bipolar disorder type I: socio-demographic and clinical factors, quality of life and functioning.
CONCLUSION: Suicidal behavior in patients with BD is a complex phenomenon and reflects a more severe course of illness. Patients with history of SA may have worse QoL and functional impairment not because of its direct effect, but because of the greater association with clinical factors related to poor prognosis. PMID: 33302763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Validation of the Swedish version of the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale second edition (RADS-2) in a normative sample.
CONCLUSION: The Swedish version of RADS-2 showed acceptable reliability and validity in a Swedish normative sample. PMID: 33251928 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Electronic monitoring and mental health.
Authors: Faurholt-Jepsen M PMID: 33243059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The road to diagnosis and treatment in girls and boys with ADHD - gender differences in the diagnostic process.
CONCLUSION: The results highlight the need for broader psychiatric investigations including neuropsychiatric symptoms in girls referred for 'emotional problems'. PMID: 33241961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Antipsychotics as a method of suicide: population based follow-up study of suicide in Northern Finland.
CONCLUSION: The use of SGAs in suicides is becoming increasingly common, which calls for further studies. PMID: 33215967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation for prevention and treatment of perinatal depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials.
CONCLUSIONS: Although n-3 PUFA supplementation may improve maternal and infant outcomes, our meta-analysis found insufficient evidence to determine its benefit for perinatal depression. PMID: 33190574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Additive effect of glutathione S-transferase T1 active genotype and infection with Toxoplasma gondii for increasing the risk of schizophrenia.
Authors: Ansari-Lari M, Zendehboodi Z, Masoudian M, Mohammadi F Abstract PURPOSE: To determine if Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection may play a role in the development of schizophrenia in genetically susceptible persons with regard to genes encoding glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) and M1 (GSTM1). METHODS: A total of 78 cases with psychiatric diagnosis of schizophrenia were compared with 91 healthy controls. For detection of IgG antibodies, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used. Genotyping of GSTM1 and GSTT1 was performed by multiplex PCR. Chi-square and logistic regression were used for statistic...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Child and Adolescent Trauma Screen (CATS) in a sample of Swedish children.
CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that the Swedish translation of CATS has satisfactory psychometric properties, including acceptable sensitivity and specificity. The CATS could therefore be used as a screening tool both outside and within a clinical setting. PMID: 33164607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Multifaceted impulsivity in obsessive-compulsive disorder with hoarding symptoms.
Authors: Tumkaya S, Yucens B, Mart M, Tezcan D, Kashyap H Abstract OBJECTIVE: Hoarding is common in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and OCD with hoarding may have poorer prognostic features than OCD without hoarding. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between multifaceted impulsivity and hoarding symptoms in individuals with OCD. This relationship is important to be able to understand the psychopathological mechanisms of hoarding symptoms in OCD patients. METHODS: The study included 136 individuals with OCD classified as OCD with high hoarding symptoms (OCDwHH, n = 41) ...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Level of alexithymia as a measure of personality dysfunction in avoidant personality disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Using well-established cut-off points for low, intermediate and high levels of alexithymia we found an almost equal distribution of alexithymia groups in our sample. Alexithymia was associated with higher personality dysfunction on twelve out of sixteen facets of personality functioning. For eight of these personality facets the alexithymia total score explained significant variance even after controlling for self-reported depression, symptom severity and clinician ratings of personality disorder. Results suggest that AvPD is heterogeneous and that alexithymia may be important as an indicator of severity of sp...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patients' perspectives on three-monthly administration of antipsychotic treatment with paliperidone palmitate - a qualitative interview study.
CONCLUSION: Switching from monthly to three-monthly injections with paliperidone palmitate seems to be experienced as advantageous for patients with schizophrenia. PMID: 33151121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Impact of methylphenidate on sleep problems in adults with ADHD: a pilot polysomnography study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings should be interpreted cautiously given the open-label design and small sample size, and should be examined in larger studies with more rigorous study designs. PMID: 33100096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinicians' experiences on patients' demands and shared decision making in Finnish specialized mental health care.
CONCLUSIONS: In their talk, the clinicians use the three discources to make sense of the diverse expectations from both the patient and the mental health care system. The three discources also reflect different aspects in psychiatric treatment cultures, such as evidence-based medicine, the ideal of patient-centeredness, therapeutic interaction and organizational requirements. PMID: 33100101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of brief schema group therapy for borderline personality disorder symptoms: a randomized pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Schema group therapy was feasible for psychiatric outpatients with BPD. However, in this small pilot study we did not find it more effective than TAU. Effectiveness of this short intervention remains open. PMID: 33103925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Relapse risk after in-ward electroconvulsive therapy for acute polymorphic psychotic disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The first year after discharge from APPD is the period associated with the highest risk of relapse. Having many previous admissions was associated to relapse risk after ECT for APPD. The associations between anxiolytics, lamotrigine, and relapse are uncertain and might be influenced by indication bias. PMID: 33095086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Substance use among patients in specialized mental health services in Norway: prevalence and patient characteristics based on a national census.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides further knowledge about patients at risk for co-morbid substance abuse and poor treatment outcomes. Clinicians may consider targeting patients with schizophrenia and other psychoses, young males and those who are socially deprived in efforts to prevent emerging substance abuse and improve outcomes. PMID: 32945698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Are anxiety disorders a pathway to obsessive-compulsive disorder? Different trajectories of OCD and the role of death anxiety.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the argument that death anxiety may influence the trajectory towards OCD, and the comorbidity among anxiety-related disorders. However, further research is needed to clarify whether death anxiety plays a causal role in this trajectory. PMID: 32921190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Implementation of AUDIT in the treatment planning process for alcohol use disorder in Greenland.
DISCUSSION: The AUDIT screening was found useful in individual and national treatment planning. Data suggested that particular focus should be given to women in treatment, and the service offered to the East Greenlandic population. PMID: 32907442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of clozapine on quality of life and functioning in patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with clozapine leads to improvement in core symptoms of schizophrenia and is also associated with significant improvement in the quality of life, functioning, and disability. PMID: 32915089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research