A distinct neurocognitive profile: unipolar mania
CONCLUSION: The results of our study indicate that unipolar mania might have unique neurocognitive differences compared to bipolar I disorder, which might support the hypothesis that unipolar mania is a distinct neurocognitive disorder within bipolar spectrum disorders.PMID:34543165 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1977386 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Harun Olcay Sonkurt Ali Ercan Alt ınöz Melis Dan ışman Sonkurt Ferdi K öşger Source Type: research

Oestrogen therapy for postpartum depression: efficacy and adverse effects. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study
Nord J Psychiatry. 2021 Sep 17:1-10. doi: 10.1080/08039488.2021.1974556. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is detrimental to the mother and the family as a whole. Early initiation of appropriate treatment is important. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of oestradiol treatment.METHODS: We performed a pilot double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Major depression was diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), and the severity of depression was evaluated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depressi...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pirjo Kettunen Eeva Koistinen Jukka Hintikka Antti Perheentupa Source Type: research

Mental health of patients with mental illness during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown: a questionnaire-based survey weighted for attrition
CONCLUSION: More than half of the patients reported worsening of their mental health during the pandemic lockdown. There should be an increased emphasis on ensuring both social and clinical support for individuals with mental illness during pandemics.PMID:34533424 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1970222 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pernille K ølbæk Oskar Hougaard Jefsen Maria Speed S øren Dinesen Østergaard Source Type: research

Oestrogen therapy for postpartum depression: efficacy and adverse effects. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study
Nord J Psychiatry. 2021 Sep 17:1-10. doi: 10.1080/08039488.2021.1974556. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is detrimental to the mother and the family as a whole. Early initiation of appropriate treatment is important. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of oestradiol treatment.METHODS: We performed a pilot double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Major depression was diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), and the severity of depression was evaluated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depressi...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pirjo Kettunen Eeva Koistinen Jukka Hintikka Antti Perheentupa Source Type: research

Mental health of patients with mental illness during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown: a questionnaire-based survey weighted for attrition
CONCLUSION: More than half of the patients reported worsening of their mental health during the pandemic lockdown. There should be an increased emphasis on ensuring both social and clinical support for individuals with mental illness during pandemics.PMID:34533424 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1970222 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - September 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pernille K ølbæk Oskar Hougaard Jefsen Maria Speed S øren Dinesen Østergaard Source Type: research

Treatment of difficult-to-treat depression - clinical guideline for selected interventions
CONCLUSION: The evidence supported two of the six reviewed interventions, however it was generally weak which emphasizes the need for more good quality studies. This guideline does not cover all treatment options and should be regarded as a supplement to relevant DTD-guidelines.PMID:34455900 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1952303 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stine Bjerrum Moeller Krzysztof Gbyl Carsten Hjorth øj Maike Andreasen Stephen F Austin Poul Erik Buchholtz Line F ønss Simon Hjerrild Lise Hogervorst Martin Balslev J ørgensen Nicolai Ladegaard Klaus Martiny Jonas Meile Aake Packness Karen Rodriguez S Source Type: research

In search of measures to improve the detection of increased cardiometabolic risk in children using second-generation antipsychotic medications
CONCLUSION: The monitoring protocol implementation improved the monitoring of metabolic parameters in child psychiatric patients using SGAs. Using HOMA-IR as part of systematic SGA monitoring could help detect metabolic adverse effects.PMID:34431750 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1968489 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kirsi Kakko P äivi Keskinen Leena Pihlakoski Raili Salmelin Kaija Puura Source Type: research

The effectiveness of metacognitive training on impairments in social cognition in patients with schizophrenia: mental health nursing practice in a community mental health center
CONCLUSION: Metacognitive Training applied by psychiatric and mental health nurses demonstrated a user and practitioner-friendly, safe and effective program on social cognition. Also, the social and cultural feasibility and effectiveness of the Metacognitive Training program were shown for the first time in a Turkish population.PMID:34428118 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1965653 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zeynep Zonp H ülya Bilgin Source Type: research

Hospital staff at most psychiatric clinics in Stockholm experience that patients who self-harm have too long hospital stays, with ensuing detrimental effects
CONCLUSIONS: A majority of the health care staff experienced that patients who self-harm often receive too long hospital stays, with detrimental effects, and they had experienced several non-medical reasons for such care.PMID:34428119 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1965213 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Antoinette Lundahl Gert Helgesson Niklas Juth Source Type: research

Obsessive-compulsive symptoms in schizophrenia patients and their first-degree relatives and the association with subclinical psychotic symptoms
CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that obsessive-compulsive phenomena are common in schizophrenia patients and their relatives. Although there seems to be a positive association between OCS and psychotic symptoms in patients and their first-degree relatives, the intergenerational transmission of these two symptom groups may occur independently.PMID:34428122 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1966097 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bar ış Sancak G üliz Özgen Hergül Source Type: research

Application of computerized cognitive test battery in major depressive disorder: a narrative literature review
CONCLUSIONS: It is our belief that the improvement of existing novel computerized cognitive test batteries, the development of more comprehensive and easy-to-operate scales, verification techniques and multiple follow-up surveys among large sample populations may provide valuable clues for the evaluation and tracking of cognitive function in individuals with MDD.PMID:34423722 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1965654 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bing Cao Mingyue Xiao Ximei Chen Yuxiao Zhao Zihang Pan Roger S McIntyre Hong Chen Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioural group therapy for adolescents with ADHD: a study of satisfaction and feasibility
CONCLUSIONS: The participants were very satisfied with the group CBT treatment. Treatment options that are accepted and well-liked by the targeted population have the potential of reducing resistance towards treatment, improving future health and adherence to medication. The program is considered suitable for a clinical setting and may represent a feasible treatment supplement for adolescent ADHD.PMID:34410203 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1965212 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ann Christin Andersen Anne Mari Sund Per Hove Thomsen Stian Lydersen Susan Young Torunn Stene N øvik Source Type: research

Childhood trauma in adults with ADHD is associated with comorbid anxiety disorders and functional impairment
Nord J Psychiatry. 2021 Aug 14:1-8. doi: 10.1080/08039488.2021.1962973. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychological trauma exposure is associated with psychopathology in the adult population in general, but literature on childhood trauma (CT) in adults with ADHD is scarce.AIMS: To determine the prevalence of CT among adult patients with ADHD, and whether a history of CT implies different adult outcomes of psychiatric comorbidities, and functional impairment than without.METHOD: Previously unmedicated adult outpatients with ADHD (n = 250, median age 32 years) entered the study. Participants ...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dawn E Peleikis Mats Fredriksen Stephen V Faraone Source Type: research

Psychometric validation of two versions of the adolescent Depression Self-Rating Scale (DSRS-A and DSRS-A Screener)
Nord J Psychiatry. 2021 Aug 10:1-10. doi: 10.1080/08039488.2021.1956583. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAIM: Examination of psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy of the Depression Self-Rating Scale for Adolescents (DSRS-A) as well as development and evaluations of a shorter version, DSRS-A-Screener.METHODS: Analyses of component structure and internal consistency were performed in a community-based sample of adolescents N = 4,506 and among consecutive outpatients from three child psychiatric settings in Sweden (n = 137). Concurrent validity was measured as a correlation between a summation index of the scale items...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karin Sonnby Konstantinos Skordas Sofia Vadlin Susanne Olofsdotter Kent W Nilsson Mia Ramklint Source Type: research

Treatment adherence to psychotropic drugs among non-Western migrants: a systematic review
CONCLUSION: Studies indicate an association between being a non-Western migrant in a Western country and low adherence to psychotropic drugs. None of the included studies investigated possible causes of the low adherence in migrants. Communication difficulties are, however, considered possible barriers to healthcare access and a contributing factor to nonadherence. There is a need for studies assessing the possible impact of interventions aiming at increasing adherence such as intercultural mediators and training of healthcare providers in cultural competencies.PMID:34369289 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1954689 (Source: Nor...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Sacha Hinuga Sandahl Line Harck Jessica Carlsson Source Type: research

Vulnerability of personality disorder during COVID-19 crises: a multicenter survey of mental and social distress among patients referred to treatment
The objective of this study was to investigate social and mental distress among patients with PDs during the first COVID-19 wave.DESIGN: A survey was distributed after the first COVID-19 wave (June-October 2020) among 1120 patients from 12 PD treatment units.RESULTS: The response rate was 12% (N = 133). The survey reflected impairment of occupational activity (53%
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein Kjell-Einar Zahl Line Indrevoll St änicke Mona Skjekles æther Pettersen Åse-Line Baltzersen Merete Selsbak Johansen Ingeborg Ulltveit-Moe Eiken æs Benjamin Hummelen Theresa Wilberg Espen Ajo Arnevik Geir Pedersen Source Type: research

Treatment adherence to psychotropic drugs among non-Western migrants: a systematic review
CONCLUSION: Studies indicate an association between being a non-Western migrant in a Western country and low adherence to psychotropic drugs. None of the included studies investigated possible causes of the low adherence in migrants. Communication difficulties are, however, considered possible barriers to healthcare access and a contributing factor to nonadherence. There is a need for studies assessing the possible impact of interventions aiming at increasing adherence such as intercultural mediators and training of healthcare providers in cultural competencies.PMID:34369289 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1954689 (Source: Nor...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Maria Sacha Hinuga Sandahl Line Harck Jessica Carlsson Source Type: research

Vulnerability of personality disorder during COVID-19 crises: a multicenter survey of mental and social distress among patients referred to treatment
The objective of this study was to investigate social and mental distress among patients with PDs during the first COVID-19 wave.DESIGN: A survey was distributed after the first COVID-19 wave (June-October 2020) among 1120 patients from 12 PD treatment units.RESULTS: The response rate was 12% (N = 133). The survey reflected impairment of occupational activity (53%
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein Kjell-Einar Zahl Line Indrevoll St änicke Mona Skjekles æther Pettersen Åse-Line Baltzersen Merete Selsbak Johansen Ingeborg Ulltveit-Moe Eiken æs Benjamin Hummelen Theresa Wilberg Espen Ajo Arnevik Geir Pedersen Source Type: research

Mental vulnerability before and depressive symptoms during pregnancy and postpartum: a prospective population-based cohort study from general practice
CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported psychological difficulties may indicate higher odds of depressive symptoms. The healthcare staff meeting the pregnant women in early pregnancy have a good opportunity to identify this subgroup of vulnerable women by means of the Pregnancy Health Records and additional questions exploring women's experiences with previous psychological difficulties.PMID:34355638 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1953583 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ruth K Ertmann Bente K Lyngs øe Dagny R Nicolaisdottir Jakob Kragstrup Volkert Siersma Source Type: research

Validity of diagnoses, treatment dates, and rating scales in the Swedish national quality register for electroconvulsive therapy
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that data on the studied variables in the Q-ECT have high validity. However, limited use of some rating scales makes the results uncertain. Measures can be taken to further improve the data quality.PMID:34346852 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1939416 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Irma Ahmad Matilda Sandberg Ole Brus Carl Johan Ekman Åsa Hammar Mikael Land én Johan Lundberg Pia Nordanskog Lars von Knorring Axel Nordenskj öld Source Type: research

Association study of Catechol-O-Methyltransferase ( < em > COMT < /em > ) rs4680 Val158Met gene polymorphism and suicide attempt in Mexican adolescents with major depressive disorder
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed an association between low activity genotype and allele of Val158Met polymorphism of COMT gene and SA in Mexican adolescents with MDD.PMID:34342556 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1945682 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marco Antonio Sanabrais-Jim énez Alejandro Aguilar-Garc ía Sandra Hern ández-Muñoz Emmanuel Sarmiento Rosa E Ulloa Anabel Jim énez-Anguiano Beatriz Camarena Source Type: research

Dosing methods in electroconvulsive therapy: should the Scandinavian time-titration method be resumed?
CONCLUSIONS: No dosing method is documented superior to the others. Seizure threshold-based and benchmark dosing seems to be more accurate than fixed high and formula-based dosing. However, time-titration dosing makes it possible to adjust the dose at every session, and may be the most efficient method.PMID:34338117 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1946590 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Per Bergsholm Tor Magne Bj ølseth Source Type: research

Incidence rates and employment trends in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, bipolar affective disorders and recurrent depression in the years 2000-2013: a Danish nationwide register-based study
CONCLUSION: This study of three severe mental illness subgroups shows significant increasing incidence rates and decreasing employment rates both before and after the diagnosis between 2000 and 2013, highlighting the importance of timely and correct volume of the psychiatric treatment and vocational rehabilitation programs.PMID:34339349 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1952304 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thomas Nordahl Christensen Iben Gammelg ård Wallstrøm Lene Falgaard Eplov Thomas Munk Laursen Merete Nordentoft Source Type: research

Dosing methods in electroconvulsive therapy: should the Scandinavian time-titration method be resumed?
CONCLUSIONS: No dosing method is documented superior to the others. Seizure threshold-based and benchmark dosing seems to be more accurate than fixed high and formula-based dosing. However, time-titration dosing makes it possible to adjust the dose at every session, and may be the most efficient method.PMID:34338117 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1946590 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Per Bergsholm Tor Magne Bj ølseth Source Type: research

Incidence rates and employment trends in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, bipolar affective disorders and recurrent depression in the years 2000-2013: a Danish nationwide register-based study
CONCLUSION: This study of three severe mental illness subgroups shows significant increasing incidence rates and decreasing employment rates both before and after the diagnosis between 2000 and 2013, highlighting the importance of timely and correct volume of the psychiatric treatment and vocational rehabilitation programs.PMID:34339349 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1952304 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thomas Nordahl Christensen Iben Gammelg ård Wallstrøm Lene Falgaard Eplov Thomas Munk Laursen Merete Nordentoft Source Type: research

The severity of inflammation in major neuropsychiatric disorders: comparison of neutrophil-lymphocyte and platelet-lymphocyte ratios between schizophrenia, bipolar mania, bipolar depression, major depressive disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the underlying inflammation may be most severe in BD-M, followed by Sch, BD-D and MDD. On the other hand, inflammation may be of negligible intensity in OCD, or at least undetectable by means of NLR or PLR.PMID:34319861 | DOI:10.1080/08039488.2021.1919201 (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - July 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Necati Serkut Bulut Ne şe Yorguner Gresa Çarkaxhiu Bulut Source Type: research