Association between apolipoprotein E genotypes and panic disorder in Turkish population.
CONCLUSION: E4 allele can be associated with PD as an eligible risk factor, the E3/E3 could be a risk-reducing factor for PD. Patients with PD not only had lower LDL and HDL levels but also they have higher atherogenic LDL and HDL subfractions. Also, E3/E3 genotype carriers had convenient but ApoE4 carriers had atherogenic plasma cholesterol levels and subfractions. PMID: 29888635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does S100B have a potential role in affective disorders? A literature review.
CONCLUSION: The results indicated that elevated S100B levels might be associated with mood episodes in affective disorders. However, the role of S100B, and its possible impact in affective disorders, requires further investigation and at the present S100B does not have a role as clinically biomarker in affective disorder. Future longitudinal multicentre studies with larger transdiagnostic real life patient cohorts are warranted. PMID: 29764272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Screening for intellectual disabilities: a validation of the Hayes Ability Screening Index for in-patients with substance use disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The HASI has good convergent, discriminant, and overall construct validity in detecting ID in in-patients with SUD. PMID: 29730963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cause-specific mortality in Finnish forensic psychiatric patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study point out that the high risk for suicide should receive attention when the hospital treatment and the outpatient care is being organized for forensic psychiatric patients. In addition, the risk of accidents should be evaluated and it should be assured that the patients receive proper somatic healthcare during the forensic psychiatric treatment and that it continues also in the outpatient setting. PMID: 29720022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

An overview of which health domains to consider and when to apply them in measurement-based care for depression and anxiety disorders.
CONCLUSION: The pharmacopsychometric triangle is also important in the MBC trials for improving the care of patients with anxiety and depression. However, the amount of MBC trials is still rather sparse. PMID: 29714082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Individuals' experiences with brief admission during the implementation of the brief admission sk åne RCT, a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: The results from this study indicated the importance of repeated staff education on all aspects of BA when it is being newly implemented, as well as the importance of working with attitudes of staff delivering BA. These were the key ingredients in making BA implementation successful. Our findings may be of value to other treatment centers implementing BA for the first time. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02985047. PMID: 29703119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Validation of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-64): a comparison of Swedish female outpatients with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa and controls.
CONCLUSIONS: IIP-64 can be considered to have acceptable to good reliability and validity in a Swedish ED sample. IIP-64 can be a useful complement in assessment of interpersonal problems in ED. PMID: 29703121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - May 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between altered lipid profiles and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in boys.
Authors: Avcil S Abstract BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder, which is multifactorial, complex, and seen most commonly in childhood. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the hypothesis that altered serum lipid profiles are associated with ADHD. METHODS: The study inluded 32 boys diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV-R criteria and a control group of 29 healthy subjects. All patients were assessed with The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Present and Lifetime Version, the Turgay DSM-IV-based Disruptive Behavior Disorde...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Personality traits and escitalopram treatment outcome in major depression.
CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that specific personality traits may predict the trajectory of symptom change rather than the overall improvement rate. PMID: 29688152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Reliable Change Index (RCI) of the WHO-5 in primary prevention of mental disorders. A measurement-based pilot study in positive psychiatry.
CONCLUSION: In this measurement-based pilot study, the repeatedly WHO-5 ratings identified a group of persons with a clinically reliable change in WHO-5 and a clinically significant improvement after a brief psychological intervention. PMID: 29656671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Delaying initiation of electroconvulsive treatment after administration of the anaesthetic agent and muscle relaxant reduces the necessity of re-stimulation.
CONCLUSIONS: We found an association between an increased time interval from administration of thiopental and succinylcholine to ECT and a lowered risk of re-stimulations. The current study substantially strengthens the evidence on the benefits of delaying ECT after administration of anaesthetic agent and muscle relaxant. PMID: 29658395 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

High neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in schizophrenia independent of infectious and metabolic parameters.
CONCLUSION: NLR levels are high in schizophrenia independent of metabolic parameters according to the results. So, it can be considered that inflammatory processes may play a role in the etiology of the disease. PMID: 29644919 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patients' characteristics and their influence on course of fear during agoraphobic symptom provocation: may SS(N)RI treatment compensate unfavorable individual preconditions?
Authors: Plag J, Petzold MB, Gechter J, Liebscher C, Ströhle A Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients' characteristics and antidepressants are discussed to be relevant in the context of phobic exposure. AIMS: To identify patients characteristics associated with a differential course of fear during disorder-specific symptom provocation as well as to elucidate the effect of selective serotonin-(noradrenalin-) reuptake inhibitors [SS(N)RI] on development of fear in the context of re-exposure to the phobic stimuli. METHODS: Twenty-eight clinically well-characterized patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia (PD/...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric evaluation of the Swedish version of Rosenberg's self-esteem scale.
CONCLUSIONS: The Swedish RSES exhibited a one-component factor structure and showed good psychometric properties in terms of good internal consistency, criterion, convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change. The yes/no and the four-graded Likert-type response scales worked equivalently. PMID: 29607717 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - April 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Through measurement positive care in psychiatry is conquered.
Authors: Bech P PMID: 29569961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs): examination of the psychometric properties of two measures for burden of symptoms and quality of life in patients with depression or anxiety.
CONCLUSION: The results from the current study supported the use of the SCL-10 and WHO-5 as potential PROMs to capture symptom burden and quality of life within groups of people with anxiety or depression undergoing psychotherapy treatment. PMID: 29546787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Outreach visits improve referral of alcohol dependent patients from psychiatric hospital to continued care. A randomized trial.
CONCLUSION: OV are an effective strategy for ensuring continued treatment. PMID: 29560777 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Thiol/disulphide homeostasis in schizophrenia patients with positive symptoms.
This study aims to investigate the dynamic thiol/disulphincide homeostasis in patients with schizophrenia who have positive psychotic indications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients (26 males, 18 females; mean age = 34.40 ± 8.98 years) accepted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital and 33 healthy controls (15 males, 18 females; mean age of 30.30 ± 8.48 years) were included in the study. Serum native thiol and total thiol were measured with a novel colorimetric, automated method. The disulfide levels a...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cardiometabolic risk factors, physical activity and psychiatric status in patients in long-term psychiatric inpatient departments.
CONCLUSION: Inpatients in long term psychosis treatment wards have alarmingly high cardiometabolic risk. Level of physical activity was associated with both psychiatric and somatic health. Focus on lifestyle and somatic health should be an integral part of the treatment for hospitalized SMI patients. PMID: 29523041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental disorders: prevalence and comorbidity in children referred to mental health services.
CONCLUSION: In children referred to CAMHS, ND constitute the most frequently occurring group of disorders, with high rates of both homotypic and heterotypic comorbidity. This needs to be taken into consideration in health service planning and treatment delivery. PMID: 29488416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Investigating the relationship between plasma neuropeptide-S levels and clinical depression.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite a significantly high level of comorbid anxiety among the patient group, we found no relationship between plasma NPS levels and depressive symptomatology. PMID: 29488437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - March 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Elevated levels of C-reactive protein and IL-6 among the antipsychotic medicating schizophrenia patients of Siliguri, West Bengal, India.
CONCLUSIONS: The results provide the evidence for a possible immunomodulatory effect of antipsychotic drugs on CRP. Future investigations including the study of antipsychotics separately may help to understand the differential effects of individual antipsychotics on CRP level. Additional studies with a larger sample size of psychotropic medication-free patients may help to verify the role of inflammation in schizophrenia patients of this region. PMID: 29464976 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Treatment of selective mutism based on cognitive behavioural therapy, psychopharmacology and combination therapy - a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Pharmacologic treatment and especially CBT showed promising results supported by some degree of evidence, which combination treatment lacks. Yet small numbers, few RCTs, heterogeneous study designs, lack of consistent measures, short treatment and follow-up periods, generally limits the evidence. This needs focus in future research. PMID: 29447060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between theory of mind and insight in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Authors: Tulacı RG, Cankurtaran EŞ, Özdel K, Öztürk N, Kuru E, Özdemir İ Abstract BACKGROUND: It is known that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients with poor insight display more severe neuropsychological impairments than other patients with OCD. There are limited studies of OCD and theory of mind (ToM). AIM: To investigate ToM skills in patients with OCD and the relationship between insight and ToM skills by comparing OCD patients with good and poor insight. METHODS: Eighty patients with OCD and 80 healthy controls completed the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis I...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A confirmative clinimetric analysis of the 36-item Family Assessment Device.
CONCLUSIONS: The present analysis confirmed that the 36-item version of the FAD (18 items assessing 'well-being' and 18 items assessing 'dysfunctional' family function) is a brief scale where the summed total score is a valid measure of the dimensions of family functioning. This shorter version of the FAD is, in accordance with the concept of 'measurement-based care', an easy to use scale that could be considered when the aim is to evaluate self-reported family functioning. PMID: 29411685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effect of individual enabling and support on empowerment and depression severity in persons with affective disorders: outcome of a randomized control trial.
CONCLUSION: IES is more effective in increasing empowerment and decreasing depression severity after a 12-month intervention than is TVR. This study was limited by a small sample size and larger trials in different contexts are needed. PMID: 29382250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - February 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Outcomes of clients in need of intensive team care in Flexible Assertive Community Treatment in Sweden.
CONCLUSION: Clients with psychosis who need ACT may benefit from Flexible ACT through improved social functioning. Being involved in meaningful activities and supported by others are key aspects of recovering from mental illness and are enhanced by Flexible ACT. PMID: 29373933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of supported employment adapted for people with affective disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of IES for people with affective disorders is most likely cost-saving and is potentially even dominating TVR, although a larger trial is required to establish this. PMID: 29316832 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exploring the relationship between vitamin D and mania: correlations between serum vitamin D levels and disease activity.
Authors: Altunsoy N, Yüksel RN, Cingi Yirun M, Kılıçarslan A, Aydemir Ç Abstract BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest an association between hypovitaminosis D and mood disorders including major depressive disorder, seasonal affective disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. On the other hand, there is not enough study about acute manic episode and hypovitaminosis D. This data insufficient zone led us to study on whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with acute manic episode and has an impact on disease activity Methods: Thirty-one patients with bipolar disorder in remission, 26 patient...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - January 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical improvement, relapse and treatment adherence with paliperidone palmitate 1-month formulation: 1-year treatment in a naturalistic outpatient setting.
Authors: Di Lorenzo R, Cameli M, Piemonte C, Bolondi M, Landi G, Pollutri G, Spattini L, Moretti V, Ferri P Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate paliperidone palmitate 1-month formulation (PP1M) effectiveness in a naturalistic outpatient psychiatric setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data from 50 outpatients affected by schizophrenia disorders treated with PP1M for 12 months in an Italian Mental Health Department. After analyzing selected demographic, clinical and pharmacological variables, we performed mirror analysis to compare psychiatric hospitalizations and urgent consultations required by the same pati...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Outcome of depressive and anxiety disorders among young adults: Results from the Longitudinal Finnish Health 2011 Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Thus, depressive and anxiety disorders were persistent/recurrent in one quarter of participants, significantly affecting education and quality of life. Young adults with these disorders need support to achieve their academic goals. PMID: 29276896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of the Montgomery- Åsberg Depression Rating Scale parent report among adolescent psychiatric outpatients.
Diagnostic accuracy of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale parent report among adolescent psychiatric outpatients. Nord J Psychiatry. 2017 Dec 19;:1-7 Authors: Torres Soler C, Olofsdotter S, Vadlin S, Ramklint M, Nilsson KW, Sonnby K Abstract BACKGROUND: The diagnostic accuracy of the parent report of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-P) for the screening of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents has not been evaluated. AIM: The aim was to explore the psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy of the MADRS-P in general child and adolescent psych...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical profiles and temporal patterns of psychiatric emergency room visitors in Sweden.
CONCLUSIONS: PFV and PIFV have different clinical profiles and temporal patterns. These results may be important when planning, developing and evaluating interventions targeting the needs of each group, which is in accordance with a person-centred approach. Such an approach might eventually result in fewer visits to PERs. PMID: 29254427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 21, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) serum level in women with first-episode depression, correlation with clinical and metabolic parameters.
CONCLUSIONS: Correlations of BDNF serum levels with metabolic parameters were observed. PMID: 29235396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 15, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A study of single nucleotide polymorphisms in CD157, AIM2 and JARID2 genes in Han Chinese children with autism spectrum disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Results of our study suggest that these SNPs are not predictors of childhood ASD in the Chinese Han population. The discrepant results suggest the predictor roles of SNPs have to be determined in different ethnic populations due to genetic heterogeneity of ASD. PMID: 29216786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Case series of diagnostic shift from bipolar disorder to schizoaffective disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: Psychotic symptoms may become persistent, chronic and unrelated to the presence of mood episodes many years after the beginning of BD. Psychiatrists should be aware of this and reassess the diagnosis during the longitudinal course of BD, especially in those patients who present psychotic symptoms. PMID: 29189086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - December 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Basal blood DHEA-S/cortisol levels predicts EMDR treatment response in adolescents with PTSD.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggested that the DHEA-S/cortisol ratio may predict treatment response in adolescents with PTSD receiving EMDR therapy. The biochemical parameter of HPA-axis activity appears to be an important predictor of positive clinical response in adolescent PTSD patients, and could be used in clinical practice to predict PTSD treatment in the future. PMID: 29171317 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Vitamin D levels in children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge this is the first study that evaluated vitamin D levels in OCD patients without comorbidity. The vitamin D levels of newly diagnosed OCD cases were lower but not statistically different than healthy controls. Furthermore, the study does also not support the presence of a significant association between serum vitamin D levels and OCD. PMID: 29168423 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 25, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The effects of ADHD on cognitive performance.
DISCUSSION: For all CANTAB measures, ADHD diagnosis had a significant effect on performance and produced this effect without interaction with age in all tests except SOC, indicating that the developmental trajectories were parallel in both groups. The results indicate that cognitive performance is impaired in youth with ADHD and that CANTAB can be a valuable tool in the diagnostic assessment of ADHD. PMID: 29161919 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 24, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of psychosis, affective disorders and diseases affecting the immune system.
CONCLUSIONS: There may be differences between the F20-29 and F30-39 groups and their family members regarding risk for diseases affecting the immune system. This is in line with different activity of the immune system measured in blood for the disorders and may add information regarding etiology and pathology of these psychiatric diseases. Further studies including a greater number of subjects, as well as confirmation of the immunological diseases through blood samples are needed. PMID: 29141491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adipocytokines and ghrelin level of bipolar patients from manic episode to euthymic episode.
CONCLUSIONS: The present results point that high leptin, resistin and ghrelin levels may be involved in the early pathophysiological process which can lead to later obesity and MeS in patients with bipolar disorder. PMID: 29132244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 15, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and psychological distress among intoxicated adolescents in the pediatric emergency department.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents referred to the pediatric emergency department with intoxication displaying high psychological distress and low self-esteem represent a high-risk group of teens. In this group, careful assessment of mental health status, screening for suicidal ideation, and SAs seems warranted. PMID: 29126365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Substance use among Danish psychiatric patients: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate a substantial and problematic use of tobacco and illicit drugs among Danish psychiatric patients, greater than in the general population. PMID: 29117747 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perceived rather than actual overweight is associated with mental health problems in adolescence.
Authors: Lankinen V, Fröjd S, Marttunen M, Kaltiala-Heino R Abstract BACKGROUND: Overweight and perceived overweight are common among adolescents. The nature of the relationship between overweight/perceived overweight and mental health problems is still unclear. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine whether actual overweight, perceived overweight or both are associated with internalizing and externalizing disorders among adolescents. METHODS: Data were collected by two similar school surveys in all Finnish-speaking secondary schools in Tampere (population 200,000) in the academic years 2002-2003 a...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Glasgow antipsychotic side-effects scale for clozapine in inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The GASS-C showed good psychometric characteristics in clinical population of patients on clozapine. In future studies, clozapine serum concentrations should be measured when using the GASS-C to monitor side effects. PMID: 29125018 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Making sense of mental health service changes.
Authors: Putkonen H, Taylor PJ PMID: 29113575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 10, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adaptation and validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 to evaluate major depression in a primary care sample in Latvia.
CONCLUSIONS: The PHQ-9 appears to be a reliable and valid instrument that can be used to diagnose major depression among Latvian and Russian speaking adults at the primary care level. PMID: 29105551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between neutrophil-lymphocyte, platelet-lymphocyte ratio and cognitive functions in bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSION: This study revealed negative correlation between NLR and Stroop interference scores. We need further prospective studies with larger sample size to investigate role of inflammation on cognitive functions. PMID: 29108448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Case-mix tool, costs and effectiveness in improving primary care mental health and substance abuse services.
CONCLUSIONS: pDRG makes health care production transparent also in mental health and substance abuse services. It is easy to identify patients, who use a lot of services and thus induce the majority of costs, and focus on their needs in managing and developing services. PMID: 29081248 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - November 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mechanical restraint and characteristics of patient, staff and shifts in a psychiatric ward.
CONCLUSIONS: MR was associated with evening shifts, higher number of male care workers on duty and a decrease from January to December. PMID: 29073823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - October 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research