Which one predicts mortality better ? Hemogram and ST elevation myocardial infarction
Conclusion: The use of predictors for the prediction of mortality for ST elevation myocardial infarction patients is of great importance for faster implementation of treatment modalities. We found that WBC and especially NLR values obtained with a simple method can be used as powerful predictors. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - May 15, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Avci BS Avci Y Donmez M Kocer M Gulen AI Ozer A Bulut M Koc H Nazik S Satar Source Type: research

Maternal and perinatal outcomes after caesarean delivery in early and late onset preeclampsia with HIV positive and HIV negative South African Women
Conclusion: This study confirms the heterogeneity of preeclampsia and shows that the timing of onset of this pregnancy disorder is important to disease severity. Further HIV status influences maternal and neonatal outcome. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - May 15, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: OA Onyangunga TA Naicker J Moodley Source Type: research

Aggressive squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis
I Kartal, S Uysal, A Adabag, A Gok, AL Sagnak, H ErsoyNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(4):588-590 Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the renal pelvis is a particularly rare tumor that accounts for a minor portion of renal malignancies and is aggressive with an unfavorable prognosis. It is usually diagnosed after surgery and at advanced stages as it does not possess specific clinical and radiological properties. The pathological examination of a 38-year-old female patient who had undergone nephrectomy due to a nonfunctioning right kidney caused by long-standing staghorn calculus revealed moderately differentiate...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: I Kartal S Uysal A Adabag A Gok AL Sagnak H Ersoy Source Type: research

Metastatic lung cancer associated with Warthin & #39;s tumour
MA Haberal, E Akar, OS DikisNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(4):585-587 Warthin's tumors which can easily be subjected to misinterpretation are encountered commonly in clinical practice. Warthin's tumors which generally have the localization of parotid gland cauda and have a slow growing characteristic can rarely be seen aside from parotid gland; such as cervical lymph nodes and minor salivary glands. A 56-year-old patient's case that comprised atypical coexistence of Warthin tumor with PET/CT scan positive cervical lymph nodes during the diagnostic examination carried out for a pulmonary mass les...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: MA Haberal E Akar OS Dikis Source Type: research

Invasive fungal consecutive infections in a patient with acute myeloid leukaemia
SR Safai Nodeh, SA Dehghan Manshadi, B Jahanbin, S Khodaveisi, F Giasvand, A Seifi, M SalehiNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(4):582-584 A woman with AML who became febrile and neutropenic after chemotherapy. At the first, Aspergillus was isolated from a sinus biopsy. After 4 weeks, while she was taking voriconazole, another episode of fever combined with dry coughs was detected. Fungal culture and histopathology of sinus biopsy revealed mucormycosis. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: SR Safai Nodeh SA Dehghan Manshadi B Jahanbin S Khodaveisi F Giasvand A Seifi M Salehi Source Type: research

Ruptured cystic teratoma associated with mucinous cystadenoma in a pregnant woman
O Aydin, F Pehlivanli, G Karaca, G Aydin, CD Sayan, P Atasoy, CE DaphanNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(4):578-581 Mature cystic teratoma is the most common ovarian neoplasm. However, mucinous cystadenoma with teratoma has been very rarely reported in literature. This case report, which is very rare, describes a clinical entity not previously reported in literature. A 34-year-old pregnant woman presented in the 23rd gestational week with severe right lower quadrant pain. She was diagnosed with acute abdomen and was then treated surgically. During the surgical intervention, a spontaneously ruptured mass was de...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Aydin F Pehlivanli G Karaca G Aydin CD Sayan P Atasoy CE Daphan Source Type: research

Investigation of Vitamin D levels in medical staff in a dental clinic
Conclusion: According to the results of present study, dental staff should be considered as a high-risk group for vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency is a common problem among medical staffs as in several working groups such as white-collar workers and bankers. Results of present study suggest that insufficient exposure to the sunlight may lead to severe vitamin D deficiency in dental professionals. Vitamin D supplementation may be recommended to the dental staff. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: F Dogruel ZB Gonen DG Canpolat H Ocak F Bayram Source Type: research

Shear bond strength and microleakage of novel glass-ionomer cements: An In vitro Study
Conclusions: Although the glass-carbomer restorative materials revealed higher SBS, other tested materials might be more reliable in clinical use, as they offer better leakage resistance. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Meral NM Baseren Source Type: research

Prevalence and determinants of depression among patients with hypertension: A cross-sectional comparison study in Ghana and Nigeria
Conclusion: Prevalence of depression is high among patients with hypertension in Ghana and Nigeria. Screening and treatment of depression among patients with hypertension in Ghana and Nigeria may have important implications for improving outcomes. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: AD Ademola V Boima AO Odusola F Agyekum CE Nwafor BL Salako Source Type: research

Comparison of mesiodistal tooth width in individuals from three ethnic groups in Southern Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: The present study has provided norms of the mesiodistal permanent tooth diameters of a Saudi population that are newer and more complete than the previously published norms. There appear to be some secular trends in the mesiodistal diameter of the Saudi permanent teeth toward sexual dimorphism. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: RA Togoo WA Alqahtani EK Abdullah AS A Alqahtani I AlShahrani M Zakirulla KA Alhotellah OH Mujam Source Type: research

Comparison of the effect of advanced platelet-rich fibrin and leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin on outcomes after removal of impacted mandibular third molar: A randomized split-mouth study
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the use of A-PRF after mandibular third molar extraction significantly reduces postoperative pain and the patients need to take analgesics of A-PRF group compared to L-PRF group. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: MG Caymaz LO Uyanik Source Type: research

Evaluation of intraocular pressure and retinal nerve fiber layer, retinal ganglion cell, central macular thickness, and choroidal thickness using optical coherence tomography in obese children and healthy controls
RT Baran, SO Baran, NF Toraman, S Filiz, H DemirbilekNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(4):539-545 Objective: Obesity affects many organ systems. There have been few studies on the ophthalmological effects of obesity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the changes in the ophthalmological parameters in obese children. Subjects and Methods: The study included 61 obese and 35 age-and gender-matched control subjects. Obesity was defined as body mass index-standard deviation score (BMI-SDS) >2 SD. Children with a BMI-SDS between>−1 SD and (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: RT Baran SO Baran NF Toraman S Filiz H Demirbilek Source Type: research

Serological and virological markers of nigerian patients with hepatitis B infection
Conclusion: We have demonstrated the predominance of low replicative phase HBV infection and highlighted the importance of HBeAg-negative infections that may require antiviral therapy. HBeAg-positive infections occurred significantly in younger adults with new or acute infections. Our findings have implications for patient evaluation and planning of hepatitis treatment programs. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: OA Lesi RA Audu AP Okwuraiwe OO Adeleye FA Ige JC Iwuorah Source Type: research

A retrospective study: Do all impacted teeth cause pathology ?
Conclusion: Impacted teeth were common and they often caused a pathology. CBCT is a useful device to assess the impacted teeth. When the impacted teeth are evaluated, each tooth should be assessed within itself. If the impacted teeth are not caused by pathology, they can be kept under control. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: I Sarica G Derindag E Kurtuldu ME Naralan F Caglayan Source Type: research

Comparison of single-incision and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy in terms of quality of life, body image, and cosmesis
Conclusion: SILC is a promising alternative to traditional laparoscopic cholecystectomy in terms of quality of life, body image, and cosmesis in selected patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Sinan M Saydam P Demir MT Ozer S Demirbas Source Type: research

Evaluation of quality of life, anxiety, and depression in the spouses of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
Conclusion: The use of continuous PAP improves not only the quality of life for OSAS patients but also for their spouses and reduces the spouses' depression risk. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Yazici ON Hatipoglu Source Type: research

Prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in castration resistant prostate cancer: Single-centre study of Nigerian men
Conclusions: This study demonstrated that NLR is a useful prognostic biomarker in Nigerian men with CRPC and that elevated baseline NLR ≥1.8 is associated with poorer OS. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: JO Bello OO Olanipekun AL Babata Source Type: research

The effect of pregabalin and ibuprofen combination for pain after third molar surgery
Conclusion: These findings suggest that preoperative coadministration of 150-mg pregabalin and IV ibuprofen may be useful in improving pain control after third molar surgery. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Degirmenci E Yalcin Source Type: research

The effect of microwave glazing on the surface properties of various porcelain materials
Conclusions: Microwave glazing procedure may be considered as an alternative method because of the advantages of providing volumetric heating, time, and energy saving. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: FA Sanal M Kurt Source Type: research

Tibial fractures following participation in recreational football: Incidence and outcome
Conclusion: Tibial fractures following football occur mostly in males especially adolescents and youths. The right tibia was commonly affected and most of the injuries are closed. The most common mechanism of injury was direct contact. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: C Nwosu Source Type: research

Locked intramedullary nailing using the sign nailing device
Conclusion: Locked intramedullary nailing using external jigs for screw placement as in the SIGN technique gives a good result and is recommended for use in the developing countries where image intensifiers are not readily available. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: IC Nwagbara Source Type: research

Postoperative analgesia after total abdominal hysterectomy: Is the transversus abdominis plane block effective ?
Conclusion: TAP block can effectively treat postoperative pain as part of multimodal analgesia in patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: ZC Suner D Kalayci O Sen M Kaya S Unver G Oguz Source Type: research

Investigation of the reliability of light-curing units in Sivas City, Turkey
Conclusion: It was observed that as the power of light-curing units increased, the hardness values of the bottom and top surfaces increased significantly. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: D Eren F Tutkan Source Type: research

Relationship between self-efficacy and pain control in Iranian women with advanced knee osteoarthritis
Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that life style modification and pain management education of women with OA and nurses on non-pharmacological interventions as well as integration of these into nursing care is essential. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Mirmaroofi A Ghahramanian M Behshid F Jabbarzadeh TC Onyeka M Asghari-Jafarabadi J Ganjpour-Sales Source Type: research

Correlation between intravesical prostatic protrusion and international prostate symptom score among Nigerian men with benign prostatic hyperplasia
Conclusion: There were significant positive correlations between IPP and IPSS, IPSS-S, IPSS-V, and IPSS QoL index. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: BU Eze TU Mbaeri KC Oranusi JA Abiahu AM Nwofor JC Orakwe OO Mbonu Source Type: research

Do genetic polymorphisms affect susceptibility to periodontal disease ? A literature review
VE Toy, MO UsluNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(4):445-453 The pathogenesis of periodontal disease is not solely based on microbial dental plaque but is the result of the multifactorial and complex interaction between infection and host response. Many studies in the literature have demonstrated the differences between individuals in terms of host immune response and the presence of genetic components in numerous pathological conditions. Therefore, periodontitis may be defined as a complex genetic disorder with a phenotype formed by the genetic structure and environmental factors in the affected individual. So...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 11, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: VE Toy MO Uslu Source Type: research

Pyrethroid intoxication: A rare case report and literature review
H Akelma, ET Kilic, F Salik, EA Bicak, A YektasNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(3):442-444 Synthetic pyrethroid cypermethrin is commonly used in agriculture, veterinary, and household insects management. It has been found to be a newer insectiside poisoning reported in Turkey. Acute severe poisoning of cypermethrin is a rare event. Here we report a case of a 25-year-old woman presented with features of cypermethrin poisoning in intensive care unit. Management of acute rare poisoning is discussed in this case with literature review. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Akelma ET Kilic F Salik EA Bicak A Yektas Source Type: research

Surgical removal for khat inducible verruca vulgaris lesion of the oral mucosa
G GazalNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(3):439-441 The harmful effects of khat chewing on the oral mucosa membrane are still uncertain. Verruca vulgaris (common warts) is a benign lesion of skin and mucous membranes and can be caused by human papillomavirus. The lesions are typically self-limited but may vary in size and number. The occurrence on the floor of mouth is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, there are few number of oral lesions reported in connection with khat users. This case report shows that the chronic khat chewing has contributed to the development of verruca vulgaris warts that wer...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: G Gazal Source Type: research

Mini-implant-supported twin-block appliance: An innovative modification
T Tripathi, N Singh, P Rai, P GuptaNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2019 22(3):432-438 Twin block is a commonly used appliance for correction of retrognathic mandible in growing patients. However, it has a drawback of causing lower incisor proclination, which reduces its potential of achieving maximum skeletal effects. Thus, we introduced a novel modification in the present design to facilitate greater anteroposterior effects in skeletal dimension. The aim of the present case reports is to evaluate the efficacy of this modified twin block. Here we present two cases treated with mini-implant-supported twin-block appli...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: T Tripathi N Singh P Rai P Gupta Source Type: research

In vitro investigation of antimicrobial effects, nanohardness, and cytotoxicity of different glass ionomer restorative materials in dentistry
Conclusions: All materials tested showed low antimicrobial activity, and the antifungal activity of these materials was found to be lower than their antimicrobial activity. Only Argion showed non-cytotoxic effect. Beginning with the group with the highest nanohardness values and ending with the lowest, the groups are ranked in the following order: Fuji II LC capsule, EQUIA Forte, Argion, Fuji IX GP capsule, and Zirconomer. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Cosgun B Bolgul N Duran Source Type: research

Inhibitors among patients with hemophilia in Basra, Iraq & #8211; A single center experience
Conclusion: Inhibitors were common among HA patients, and both severe HA and immune system challenges (surgery and trauma) are independent risk factors for inhibitor development. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: AK Taresh MK Hassan Source Type: research

Female university students & #39; knowledge and practice of breast self-examination in Turkey
Conclusions: In developing countries, to have adequate knowledge of BSE of young women and to do BSE, it is important to develop a consciousness of breast health and an awareness of breast cancer at this age. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: G Koc H Gulen-Savas S Ergol M Yildirim-Cetinkaya N Aydin Source Type: research

Is minimal invasive technique harmful in treatment of urethral stricture ?
Conclusion: DVIU is easy, simple, and noninvasive technique in treatment of urethral stricture, so it is frequently used among urologists. However, it could not be an alternative technique to open urethroplasty. Internal urethrotomy can be used in some certain indications. Success rate of open urethroplasty can be affected by previous history of any endoscopic procedures. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: R Topaktas M Akyuz MA Kutluhan H Kanberoglu O Koca MI Ozturk A Urkmez Source Type: research

Ultrasound-accelerated catheter-assisted thrombolytic therapy applicat & #305;ons in deep vein thrombosis
Conclusion: As a result, UCT applications provide thrombolysis especially in acute deep vein thrombosis, preventing deep venous insufficiency and especially post-thrombotic syndrome formation. UCT prevents bleeding complications by keeping thrombolytic amount low and can be used as an endovascular method of high safety in patient population with high bleeding complications such as patients with malignancies. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Kartal D Erer GL Oktar MH Zor M Arslan K Akkan Source Type: research

Hemoglobin A1c-related histologic characteristics of symptomatic carotid plaques
Conclusions: Increased HbA1c values seem to contribute to plaque instability through the formation of a thin fibrous cup. Thus, of the carotid artery plaque parameters including fibrous cup thickness, plaque rupture, lipid core, inflammation, intraplaque hemorrhage, thrombus, calcification, necrotic core, and neovascularization, fibrous cup thickness is the only histomorphological feature that affected by HbA1c. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Tecellioglu S Alan S Kamisli FS Tecellioglu O Kamisli C Ozcan Source Type: research

A promising biomarker to distinguish benign and malignant renal tumors: ELABELA
Conclusion: ELA is a usefull molecule to differentiate benign and malign renal tumors. But further broad and comprehensive studies are needed to investigate cellular and molecular mechanisms of ELAs on malign transformation. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: G Artas T Kuloglu AF Dagli K Ugur M Yardim S Aydin H Artas H Kocdor Source Type: research

The relationship between plasma homocysteine levels and MTHFR gene variation, age, and sex in Northeast China
Conclusion: High plasma homocysteine levels were linked to the MTHFR gene mutation. In addition, plasma homocysteine levels increased significantly with age with male's homocysteine levels higher than that of females. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: F Wang X Sui N Xu J Yang H Zhao X Fei Z Zhang Z Luo Y Xin B Qin X Zhao S Cao Y Zhang Z Yang Source Type: research

Evaluation of oxidative stress and antioxidants effect on turning process acute otitis media to chronic otitis media with effusion
Conclusion: In this study, we observed activity of antioxidant and oxidative stress in children with COME and AOM. These results may be important in the diagnosis of these diseases and may affect the theurapeutic approach to the patients with COME and AOM. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Sagiroglu S Ates FI Tolun H Oztarakci Source Type: research

Evaluation of the clinical usage of the basket-shaped biopsy microseparator
Conclusion: This study showed that easily performing biopsy procedure and protecting the brain tissue with using of biopsy basket microseparator are feasible. It is thought that this instrument may make a contribution to the practical microsurgery in the protecting brain tissue and adequately performing of biopsy. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Gokyar Source Type: research

Predictors of practice of breast self-examination: A study among female undergraduates of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Conclusions: Awareness of breast self-examination and practice were high among the respondents; however, only a minor proportion practiced breast self-examination every month. Having good knowledge of breast self-examination was associated with its practice. Having a close relative diagnosed with breast cancer encouraged the respondents to prevent the occurrence of breast cancer, thus enabling the practice of breast self-examination. Moreover, the practitioners of breast self-examination taught and encouraged others to examine their breasts. There is a need to increase knowledge of breast self-examination through public he...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: EN Ossai BN Azuogu IO Ogaranya AI Ogenyi DO Enemor MA Nwafor Source Type: research

Defining apolipoprotein B treatment targets
Conclusion: This study has defined apo B targets that may potentially be used to guide the initiation of therapy in persons with dyslipidemia. It has also demonstrated the population level relationship that exists between apo B and LDL-cholesterol and has shown the gender and age-related influence of apo B distribution in the population. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: GO Ayoade MA Kuti Source Type: research

An In-vitro study on thermal changes during implant drilling with different irrigation volumes
Conclusion: Saline irrigation with 56 ml/min provides sufficient heat reduction during dental implant drilling and higher irrigation volumes are not necessary. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: U Mercan M Sumer OA Kaya I Keskiner DG Meral O Erdogan Source Type: research

Clinical and radiographic characterization of primary seminomas and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors
Conclusion: Seminomas and NSGCT showed different profiles of tumor biomarkers and radiographic features. Evidence from serum test, histopathological analysis, and imaging should be combined to ensure the accurate diagnosis of these two types of PMMGCT. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: L Gu L Zhang N Hou M Li W Shen X Xie Y Teng Source Type: research

Effect of different surface treatments and ceramic primers on shear bond strength of self-adhesive resin cement to zirconia ceramic
Conclusions: Sandblasting is a more effective method to increase bond strength on zirconia ceramics than hydrofluoric acid etching, and the application of Z-Prime Plus primer increases SBS better than Clearfil Ceramic Primer. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: NE Saleh MC Guven G Yildirim F Erol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the influence of various restoration techniques on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth with different cavity wall thicknesses
Conclusion: Wall support of 2 mm was adequate, and support of 1 mm was completely insufficient. When the wall thickness was 1.5 mm, direct restoration with fiber at the occlusal level significantly improved resistance. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: ET Basaran Y Gokce Source Type: research

The evaluation of preoperative and postoperative fetuin-A levels in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism
Conclusion: In this study, fetuin-A levels of patients with PHPT were higher than those of the controls and significantly decreased after parathyroidectomy compared with the preoperative levels. Fetuin-A levels could be a beneficial marker to determine the changes in bone metabolism of the patients with PHPT and to detect the patients suitable for surgery. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Keskin C Culha NE Gulcelik LI Al M Senes Y Aral Source Type: research

In Vitro evaluation of the wear of primary tooth enamel against different ceramic and composite resin materials
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, our findings suggest that zirconia should be used for full coronal coverage in primary tooth restorations because it causes lesser antagonist tooth wear than does lithium disilicate, resin nanoceramic, and nanohybrid composite resin. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Bolaca Y Erdogan Source Type: research

Primary molar pulpotomies with different hemorrhage control agents and base materials: A randomized clinical trial
Conclusion: Both ZOE and CH can be preferred as base materials after hemostasis achieved by the use of 15.5% FS or 1.25% NaOCl in primary tooth pulpotomy. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: G Atasever TI Keceli S Uysal HC Gungor S Olmez Source Type: research

Factors associated with intraventricular hemorrhage among preterm neonates in Aminu Kano teaching hospital
Conclusion: The lower gestational age and respiratory support (CPAP) are independent predictors for IVH. Prevention of preterm delivery and improvement in interventions of neonatal care (CPAP) are necessary to prevent the risk for IVH especially in the early preterm neonates. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: CC Egwu WN Ogala ZL Farouk AM Tabari AH Dambatta Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study of cytomegalovirus retinitis in HIV-1 infected adults in Nigeria
Conclusion: CMV retinitis though rare is associated with advanced HIV disease and attendant morbidity and mortality. We recommend integration of CMV diagnostic services and ophthalmological services as routine in HIV care and treatment programs in Nigeria targeted toward high-risk patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 6, 2019 Category: Rural Health Authors: MA Adeiza AG Habib Source Type: research