Hot and cold executive functions in pure opioid users undergoing methadone maintenance treatment: Effects of methadone dose, treatment duration, and time between last methadone administration and testing
Conclusions: To keep cognitive impairment at a minimum, methadone dose and treatment duration will have to be customized considering the history of opiate abuse so that impairment attributable to long-term opiate use may be differentiated from acute methadone dosing. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 19, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: U Barahmand E Tavakolian A Khazaee K Mohammadi Source Type: research

Catalase activity in healthy and inflamed pulp tissues of permanent teeth in young people
Conclusion: The present study has shown that a significant increase in catalase activity is determined in inflamed dental pulps, which is due to pulpitis in comparison to healthy dental pulp. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 19, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: KM Ç Top ç u D & #214; K & #305;r & #305;c & #305; MS Evcil Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder among medical students in the University of Jos, Nigeria
Conclusions: High prevalence rate of PTSD among medical students in Jos is an indicator of psychological consequences of the recurring crises on the inhabitants. There is a need for follow-up and counseling/trauma healing for those identified. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 19, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: CN Nwoga MD Audu A Obembe Source Type: research

Pregnancy outcome following non-obstetric abdominal surgery in Jos University Teaching Hospital: A 5-year retrospective study
Conclusion: Nonobstetric abdominal surgeries in pregnant women are an infrequent occurrence at Jos University Teaching Hospital but when they do occur, they are indicated by acute appendicitis in pregnancy. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 19, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: IH Shambe N Dikkol KN Ozoilo Source Type: research

Evaluation of microtensile and tensile bond strength tests determining effects of erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser pulse frequency on resin-enamel bonding
Conclusion: It was demonstrated that increasing μTBS pulse frequency significantly improved immediate bond strength while TBS showed no significant effect. It can, therefore, be concluded that test method may play a significant role in determining optimum laser parameters for resin bonding. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 19, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: T Yildirim MK Ayar C Yesilyurt S Kilic Source Type: research

Skull traction for cervical spinal injury in Enugu: A 5-year retrospective multicenter analysis of the clinical outcomes of patients treated with two common devices
Conclusion: Crutch field tong traction may be associated with more complications when compared with Gardner-Wells traction. However, from our study, the final American Spinal Injury AIS outcome, as well as the overall mortality rates associated with the two traction techniques, did not vary significantly. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 19, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: EO Uche OE Nwankwo E Okorie A Muobike Source Type: research

Evaluation of depression and quality of life in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
Conclusion: Decreased deep sleep duration, increased arousal index, and a high ratio of sleep duration with oxygen saturation below 90% to the duration of the entire sleep period increase daytime sleepiness and depressive symptoms in those with OSAS; thus, disrupting general health and QOL. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 19, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Yosunkaya R Kutlu FG Cihan Source Type: research

Are blood pressure values compatible with medication adherence in hypertensive patients ?
Conclusion: When clinicians assess medication adherence of patients, they should benefit from objective BP measurements and scales. Subjective and objective findings are important while making clinical decision. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 1, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Uludag EM Sahin H Agaoglu S Gungor YH Ertekin M Tekin Source Type: research

W/M serrated osteotomy for infantile Blount & #39;s disease in Ghana: Short-term results
Conclusions: The W/M serrated osteotomy seems a profitable alternative technique for treating the varus and torsional deformity in patients with Blount's disease in the circumstances of developing countries. The short-term outcomes are good and promising with a low complication rate and good consolidation. Long-term follow-up results of these patients are needed to observe possible complications. Level of Evidence: IV, therapeutic case series. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 1, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: F Hollman J Korpisah AH Ismail PJJM Rompa P Moh LW van Rhijn HM Staal Source Type: research

Are blood pressure values compatible with medication adherence in hypertensive patients?
Conclusion: When clinicians assess medication adherence of patients, they should benefit from objective BP measurements and scales. Subjective and objective findings are important while making clinical decision. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 1, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: A UludagEM SahinH AgaogluS GungorYH ErtekinM Tekin Source Type: research

Day surgery is effective and safe for patients with great saphenous vein varices who meet American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II grading
Conclusion: DS for GSVV is an effective and safe procedure, which was the same as IS. However compared with IS, DS could decrease the average medical cost for patients and hospital stays obviously. Hence DS for GSVV is a win-win procedure for patient and health care. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 1, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: Y XiongQ XuY WangM ZhuJ WangQ Guo Source Type: research

Comparison of Saudi child versus parent-report of child tooth-brushing practices
Conclusions: There was some agreement between reported tooth-brushing practice of children and their parents. It is important to question both the child and parent regarding oral hygiene practice and compare their answers to get more broad knowledge about their practices. Approximately, one-third of the children started brushing their teeth by age 5, which differs from recommended oral hygiene practices. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 1, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: F SalamaI AbobakrN Al-KhodairM Al-Wakeel Source Type: research

W/M serrated osteotomy for infantile Blount's disease in Ghana: Short-term results
Conclusions: The W/M serrated osteotomy seems a profitable alternative technique for treating the varus and torsional deformity in patients with Blount's disease in the circumstances of developing countries. The short-term outcomes are good and promising with a low complication rate and good consolidation. Long-term follow-up results of these patients are needed to observe possible complications. Level of Evidence: IV, therapeutic case series. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 1, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: F HollmanJ KorpisahAH IsmailPJJM RompaP MohLW van RhijnHM Staal Source Type: research

Effects of combined general anesthesia and thoracic epidural analgesia on cytokine response in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Conclusion: Combined general anesthesia and TEA provided pain control and hemodynamic stability more efficiently during the first 24 h of the intraoperative and postoperative period by suppressing cytokine levels. However, we determined that this effect was more obvious with the local anesthetic and opioid combination. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 1, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: S OzcanAB OzerMA YasarOL Erhan Source Type: research

Association of pre-eclampsia with metabolic syndrome and increased risk of cardiovascular disease in women: A systemic review
Conclusion: The prevalence and odds for developing MS after a preeclamptic pregnancy are high suggesting that MS may be involved in the pathogenesis of CVD following preeclampsia. This will provide evidence on the potential health benefits of a modifiable CVD risk screening program for women with a history of preeclampsia. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 1, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: IC Udenze Source Type: research

Evaluation of two different respiratory physiotherapy methods after thoracoscopy with regard to arterial blood gas, respiratory function test, number of days until discharge, cost analysis, comfort and pain control
Conclusions: Based on the outcome of this study, respiratory physiotherapy methods carried out by a respiratory physiotherapist are more effective in acute cardiothoracic conditions after thoracotomy compared to IS by patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: S GunayI EserM OzbeyM AgarI KorukIC Kurkcuoglu Source Type: research

Routine hemoglobin electrophoresis for pediatric surgery day case in at-risk populations: Suggested algorithm for screening using clinical risk factors
Conclusion: Risk factors for hemoglobinopathies from this study included a positive history of jaundice, hand and foot syndrome, frontal bossing, and anemia. Proposed guidelines for HBE screening include the presence of hemoglobinopathy in one parent if one parent has sickle cell trait, and the other parent's genotype is unknown or if any of the risk factors is present. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: AO AdemuyiwaCO BodeOO AdekolaI DesaluOA ElebuteOT Kushimo Source Type: research

Carotid intima-media thickness and ınsulin resistance changes in patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy: A prospective study
Conclusions: Bariatric surgery may provide some additional advantages for the management of cardiovascular risks in obese patients. However, it should be kept in mind that the most important components of fight against obesity are appropriate diet and exercise programs. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: G YorulmazM ÇilekarU BilgeE AkcanA Akalin Source Type: research

Duplex ultrasound: Indications and findings in a newly created facility at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar
Conclusion: Duplex ultrasound has been shown to diagnose varied vascular pathologies even in a locale where it is a relatively new technique. It is recommended that timely referrals be made, and mobile Doppler units be acquired to save more lives and limbs in the developing world. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: A IkpemeA AkintomideO UkwehS Effanga Source Type: research

Fibroadenoma: Accuracy of clinical diagnosis in females aged 25 years or less
Conclusion: The sensitivity of clinical diagnosis of fibroadenoma in patients aged ≤25 years was good, though specificity is low. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: OA EgwuonwuSNC AnyanwuGU ChianakwanaEC Ihekwoaba Source Type: research

Pattern and location of intracerebral hemorrhage in Enugu, South-East Nigeria: A review of 139 cases
Conclusion: Frequency of LH and DCH varied with age as LH peaked before the age of 40 while deep cerebral at 40–49 years. The age distribution of different types of ICH may suggest a higher role of other factors apart from hypertension. Further studies are required to establish the risk factors of LH and DCHs in our environment. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: BA Ezeala-AdikaibeSC Ohaegbulam Source Type: research

Knowledge and perception of plastic surgery among tertiary education students in Enugu, South-East Nigeria
Conclusion: The level of awareness is high in the sampled population with associated increase in acceptance of its practice and willing utilization. All public hospitals should be encouraged to employ the services of plastic surgeons. Appropriate branding of specialized hospitals where plastic surgery service is available will advance the practice significantly. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: CM IsiguzoCD Nwachukwu Source Type: research

Relevance of a laboratory physician's report to patient care in a tertiary health center
Conclusion: Laboratory investigations would offer doctors more information, which translates to enhanced patient care if investigation results are mandatorily accompanied by a laboratory report. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: E AyinbuomwanEO Onovughakpo-Sakpa Source Type: research

The evaluation of the angles of Eustachian tubes in the patients with chronic otitis media on the temporal computerized tomography
Conclusion: These results suggest that the decrease in the angle with the horizontal plane of Reid in the eustachian tube in adults may play a significant role in the etiology of cholesteatoma. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: S AksoyI SayinZM YaziciFT KayhanA KarahasanogluE HocaogluE Inci Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage inpatients in a tertiary care hospital's chest clinic in Turkey
Conclusion: The prevalence of nasal carriage of MSSA was low in our study population. The only risk factors playing role in carriage were found as being under the age of 65 and having prosthesis. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Oguzkaya-ArtanC ArtanZ Baykan Source Type: research

Surgical inpatient mortality in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital
Conclusion: Trauma and cancer constitute a great deal of health burden in our region. Strong legislation and screenings with timely interventions are required. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: ON EkekeKE OkontaPO Igwe Source Type: research

Pseudoachalasia: A review
U Abubakar, MB Bashir, EB KesiemeNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2016 19(3):303-307Pseudoachalasia presents typically like achalasia. It account for only 2.4-4% of patients presenting with achalasia-like symptoms. Clinical, radiologic and endoscopic findings resemble those of achalasia but treatment and prognosis are different in these conditions. The aim of this review is to give an overview of the condition and highlight challenges in diagnosis and distinguishing features between the two conditions. A review of the publications obtained from Medline search, medical libraries, and Google on 'pseudoachalasia&...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 28, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: U AbubakarMB BashirEB Kesieme Source Type: research

Isolated gallbladder rupture following blunt abdominal injury
We reported a rare case of isolated gallbladder rupture and discussed the possible predisposing factors to gallbladder rupture. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: HY SuMC WuSC Chuang Source Type: research

An unusual foreign body in the maxillary sinus: Dental impression material
Y Deniz, AZ Zengin, R KarliNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2016 19(2):298-300Foreign bodies in paranasal sinuses are very rare and most of them are encountered in the maxillary sinus. These foreign bodies may be organic or inorganic and can enter the maxillary sinus through an oro-antral fistula. The oro-antral fistula is formed by a break in the bony segment of the maxillary sinus floor and usually arises subsequent to maxillary premolar and molar extractions. A 63-year-old female patient evaluated for a nonhealing, left, toothless palate lesion and chronic headache occurring over 4 years. Radiography and computed t...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: Y DenizAZ ZenginR Karli Source Type: research

Giant primary synovial sarcoma of the anterior mediastinum: A case report and review of literature
We present a case of primary monophasic synovial sarcoma of the anterior mediastinum, in a 22-year-old Nigerian lady who presented with cough, chest pain, and pleural effusion. Chest X-ray (CXR) and computed tomography on admission showed a left-sided huge mass in the left anterior mediastinum with no metastasis to the contralateral pleural cavity. Complete resection of the mediastinal tumor was done and histologic and immunohistochemical analyses confirmed a diagnosis of monophasic synovial sarcoma. However, 10 months postoperation she represented with chest pain, productive cough and a repeat CXR showed multiple left pul...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: FI UkekweN EzembaDB OlusinaU IgbokweC Ngene Source Type: research

Phlegmasia cerulea dolens in a long distance driver
We report one case of a long distance driver who presented with PCDs, complicated by fatal pulmonary embolism. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: JC MwitaMB MwandriM Cox Source Type: research

A comparison of the intensive care experiences of emergency and elective cardiac surgery patients
Conclusion: Patients who had undergone urgent and elective cardiac surgery were seen to have had a relatively negative intensive care experience. When there was more environment awareness in patients with ICU experience, it was determined that as the duration of stay in the ICU lengthens out, the pessimistic experiences increased and ICU satisfaction decreases. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: SB GöktasT YildizSK NargizO Gur Source Type: research

Effects of sevoflurane and propofol on S100β and neuron-specific enolase protein levels during cardiopulmonary bypass
Conclusion: Our findings showed that both S100β and NSE levels similarly increased during CPB and immediately after CPB during sevoflurane and propofol based anesthesia. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: AF ErdemYN SahinN DoganZ UmudumF BayarC BulutHA AliciB ErkutM CesurM Ceviz Source Type: research

Self-perceived oral health and whole salivary immunoglobulin G levels in habitual gutka-chewers and nonchewers
Conclusions: Self-perceived oral health is worse and whole salivary IgG levels are higher in gutka-chewers compared to controls. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: FA AlshehriAA Al-KheraifKM AldosaryF VohraH MalmstromGE RomanosF Javed Source Type: research

Influence of different final irrigation regimens and various endodontic filling materials on vertical root fracture resistance
Conclusion: Final irrigation regimens could alter VRF resistance of root canals filled with different obturation technique and root canal sealers. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: DD SungurE AltundasarE UzunogluZ Yilmaz Source Type: research

Using cone beam computed tomography to examine the prevalence of condylar bony changes in a Turkish subpopulation
Conclusion: The prevalence of degenerative condylar bone changes increased with increasing age and was more frequent in women and right condyle. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: MO BorahanM MayilFN Pekiner Source Type: research

Frequency of relapse among Nigerian children with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome
Conclusion: About half and two-thirds of children with NS in our center experience relapse in the 1st and 2nd year of follow–up, respectively; much fewer proportions experienced FR and SD in these periods. None of the commonly reported demographic and clinical factors was associated with NS relapse. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: CI EsezoborTA LadapoFE Lesi Source Type: research

Assessment of intraoral image artifacts related to photostimulable phosphor plates in a dentomaxillofacial radiology department
Conclusion: The percentage of images with artifacts in the 6th month was lower than that during the 1st month. More significantly, the lowest percentage was obtained 1-year after the initial imaging, owing to the increase in familiarity with the system. Understanding the reasons for the image artifacts and studying ways of preventing are of high clinical importance. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: A GulsahiCK Secgin Source Type: research

Effect of whitening toothpastes on bonding of restorative materials to enamel of primary teeth
Conclusions: WTs affect SBS of resin composite, but not resin-modified glass ionomer to enamel of primary teeth. No difference of failure modes between different groups of tested materials. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: FY Abdelmegid Source Type: research

Frequency and clinical impact of ETV6/RUNX1, AF4-MLL, and BCR/ABL fusion genes on features of acute lymphoblastic leukemia at presentation
Conclusion: Presence of fusion the genes BCR/ABL1, ETV6/RUNX1, and MLL/AF4 does not have any impact on the clinical and laboratory features of ALL at presentation. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: IC AjubaAJ MaduC OkochaOG IbegbulamI OkpalaOE Nna Source Type: research

Video-assisted thoracic surgery in a Nigerian teaching hospital: Experience and challenges
Conclusion: VATS is being performed in our institution with successful outcomes. The use of VATS in Nigeria is encouraged. The relatively high cost of VATS is, however, a major limitation to more widespread use. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: BA FalaseAA MajekodunmiS IsmailMO SanusiOO Adeyeye Source Type: research

Evaluation of correct knowledge of key danger signs in pregnancy among antenatal clinic attendees at a tertiary health facility in Nigeria
Conclusion: There was a high knowledge score of KDSP, but some still have some misconceptions that need to be addressed. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: IO Morhason-BelloAF FagbamigbeTO MumuniOA AdesinaAR Abdus-SalamA IfemejeOA Ojengbede Source Type: research

Retrospective evaluation of patients at follow-up with acute poisoning in Intensive Care Unit
Conclusion: Suicide attempts are prominent in acute poisoning, and the young female population is at higher risk. It was found that drugs, particularly antidepressants and antipsychotic agents were the most common cause of poisoning. The high cost of treatment of acute intoxication cases is a major cause of economic burden. Clinicians should be more careful when prescribing such drugs. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: S YaylaciAB GençMV DemirH CinemreA Tamer Source Type: research

Influence of different surface treatments on push-out bond strengths of fiber-reinforced posts luted with dual-cure resin cement
Conclusion: Air abrasion attained higher bond strengths when FRC posts were luted to dual-cure resin cement. Additional studies should be designed with different types and parameters of laser devices to understand the effect of these devices on bond strength. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: H ArslanLB AyranciD KurkluHS TopçuogluC Barutcigil Source Type: research

Low back pain as seen in orthopedic clinics of a Nigerian Teaching Hospital
Conclusion: Low back pain of mechanical origin (recurrent and chronic in a significant proportion of patients) is predominant in our environment. This pattern calls for prevention as well as the early and appropriate care of the patient with low back pain. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: NI OmokePI Amaraegbulam Source Type: research

Ischemic priapism in South-East Nigeria: Presentation, management challenges, and aftermath issues
Conclusions: Low flow priapism is common in our environment, and approximately half will occur in SCD patients who have had stuttering priapism previously. Timely diagnosis and treatment will reduce the probability of severe ED. In our experience, the Al-Ghorab shunt provides rapid relief. Enlightenment is vital in reducing ischemia time. Emphasis on preventive measures in SCD patients is vital. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: FO UgwumbaHC EkwedigweKN EchetabuAD OkohI NnabugwuES Ugwuidu Source Type: research

Topical-intracameral anesthesia in manual small incision cataract surgery: A pilot study in a Tertiary Eye Care Center in Africa
Conclusion: The mean pain score in this study is low. There is no correlation between perception of pain with gender or age. Surgeons experience is excellent in most of the cases. This method of anesthesia in MSCIS is adequate for patient's comfort and safe cataract surgery. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: NJ UcheO OkoyeOI OkoyeO ArinzeNN Okoloagu Source Type: research

Correlation of the association of serum lactate, random blood sugar, and revised trauma score as predictors of outcome in hemodynamically unstable abdominal emergencies
Conclusion: Survival was better with a return to normal serum lactate within 12 hours. On the other hand the random plasma glucose (RPG) levels may not be useful in prognosticating patients. However a combination of serum lactate, RTS (at 24 and 48 hours) and RPG at 48 hours may improve predictive parameters in trauma related cases. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Allwell-BrownOO AfuwapeO AyandipoT Alonge Source Type: research

The role of neoangiogenesis and vascular endothelial growth factor in the development of carpal tunnel syndrome in patients with diabetes
Conclusion: VEGF expression has an importance within CTS pathogenesis. Increased ischemia-reperfusion damage, neoangiogenesis, and VEGF expression has an important role frequently CTS occurrence in diabetic patients. Our study supports enhancement in VEGF expression similar to changes in diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy in the neovascularization within the subsynovial connective tissue in the cases of diabetes. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: AN DegerH DegerF Taser Source Type: research

Contraceptive knowledge and practice among senior secondary schools students in military barracks in Nigeria
Conclusions: There was a fairly high level of knowledge and relatively low use of contraceptives. We recommend that efforts should be intensified to promote the safe sexual practice and contraceptive use in this age group. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 9, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: UC ChimahTO LawoyinAL IlikaCC Nnebue Source Type: research