A survey of asthma management practices and implementation of Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines among doctors in a resource-limited setting in Nigeria
Conclusion: There is a wide gap between GINA guidelines and the knowledge, attitude, and practices of doctors in Umuahia regarding asthma management. Improvement and standardization of asthma care are recommended. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: EI Chima MO Iroezindu NR Uchenna GO Mbata CG Okwuonu Source Type: research

Drug-induced Stevens & #8211;Johnson syndrome in Indian population: A multicentric retrospective analysis
Conclusions: Antimicrobial drugs are common to cause SJS/TEN. Among HIV-reactive patients, male have more risk, incubation period is more and severity of reaction is less. Effectiveness of corticosteroids for treatment of SJS/TEN is inconclusive. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: HN Hirapara TK Patel MJ Barvaliya C Tripathi Source Type: research

Inequity in access to childhood immunization in Enugu urban, Southeast Nigeria
This study determined the socioeconomic differentials in immunization coverage for children under 5 years and under 1 year in Enugu urban, Southeast Nigeria. Methods: This was a community-based, descriptive cross-sectional study in Enugu urban of Southeast Nigeria. A modified 30 × 7 cluster sampling design was adopted as the sampling method to select and interview 462 mothers of 685 children under the age of 5 years on their sociodemographic and economic characteristics and immunization status of their children. Principal components analysis in STATA software was used to characterize socioeconomic inequity. Results: I...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: BS Uzochukwu CC Okeke E Envuladu C Mbachu C Okwuosa OE Onwujekwe Source Type: research

The effect of calcium phosphate-containing desensitizing agent on the microtensile bond strength of multimode adhesive agent
In this study, twelve noncarious, freshly extracted human third molar teeth for MTBS and 20 premolar teeth for the microleakage test were used. The teeth were restored using Clearfil Universal Bond + Clearfil APX and Teeth mate Desensitizer (TMD). For MTBS test, Group 1: Self-etch, Group 2: Etch and rinse (G1 and 2, nondesensitizer treatment served as a control), Group 3: TMD/self-etch, Group 4: Acid-etch/TMD/etch and rinse. For microleakage test, Class V adhesive cavities (3 mm × 2 mm × 2 mm) were prepared and restored as mentioned before. The restored teeth were subjected to thermal cycling. The MTBS test w...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: SH Siso N D & #246;nmez DS Kahya YS Uslu Source Type: research

Evaluation of the learning and teaching environment of the Faculty of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus
Conclusion: The overall mean score shows that the students' perception of their learning environment was more positive than negative according to the practical guide of McAleer and Roff on the interpretation of DREEM questionnaire. However, there are problematic areas revealed by this study that will inform policy formulation and remedial intervention. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Okoye CN Ezisi FU Ezepue Source Type: research

Treatment alternative for irreparable rotator cuff ruptures: Arthroscopic biodegradable balloon
Conclusion: If conservative treatment is insufficient for patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears, biodegradable balloon method has yielded favorable outcomes in terms of pain and functionality in comparison with other surgical methods. Moreover, lesser morbidity, short procedure time and absence of postoperative rehabilitation requirement can be considered as advantages of this method. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Ç Basat C Kir & #231;il M Armangil M Demirt & #351; Source Type: research

Clinical performance of a combined approach for the esthetic management of fluorosed teeth: Three-year results
EU Celik, B Yazkan, G Yildiz, AT TunacNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(8):943-951Objective: The long-term clinical performance of combined therapy including enamel microabrasion and vital bleaching is debatable due to the abrasion of outer enamel surface. The aim of this longitudinal cohort study was to evaluate the 3-year clinical performance of enamel microabrasion in combination with vital tooth bleaching for the esthetic management of fluorosed teeth. Materials and Methods: Fifteen patients with 176 fluorosed incisors and canines were included in this study. All the teeth were treated with enamel microabra...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: EU Celik B Yazkan G Yildiz AT Tunac Source Type: research

Urine osmolality in treatment-na & #239;ve HIV-positive subjects in Southeast Nigeria
Conclusion: The prevalence of dilute urine was high among the treatment-naïve HIV subjects. Abnormalities of serum lipids, renal function, and weight were common in treatment-naïve HIV subjects who had dilute urine. There is a need for clinicians to routinely assess urine osmolality and further diagnose for dyslipidemia, renal function impairment, and abnormal weight in HIV subjects at the early stage of the infection. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: EN Anyabolu II Chukwuonye I Ezeani Source Type: research

Doppler sonographic evaluation of venogenic extremity swellings: Analysis of 170 patients from Kano, Nigeria
Conclusion: There was a predominance of females and femoro-popliteal segments in DVT. Doppler ultrasound is very useful in the evaluation of extremity DVT. All clinically suspected cases should be evaluated with this modality due to limited sensitivity of clinical evaluation in the diagnosis of DVT. Further correlative studies in comparison to venography and hematologic indices are also recommended. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Ismail AM Tabari K Isyaku Source Type: research

Effect of irradiation on the shear bond strength of self-adhesive luting cement in different preparation depths
O Sahin, D Ö Dede, A Köroğlu, Y Özgüven, D Ö DoğanNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(8):924-929Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of pre- and post-irradiation application on the shear bond strength of self-adhesive luting cements to dentin and enamel. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two extracted human maxillary incisor teeth were used in this study. Teeth were divided into two main groups according to preparation depth (0.5 mm and 1 mm) as Group E and Group D and were divided into four subgroups according to treatment protocol (n = 12). Teeth we...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Sahin D & #214; Dede A K & #246;ro & #287;lu Y & #214;zg & #252;ven D & #214; Do & #287;an Source Type: research

What is new in recommendations on ophthalmological screening in patients treated with chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine ? Update and literature review
MP Wiacek, D Bobrowska-Snarska, W Lubiński, M Brzosko, M ModrzejewskaNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(8):919-923Based on the present literature, in March 2016, new recommendations of the American Academy of Ophthalmology for ophthalmic screening tests in patients treated with chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine were published. These recommendations emphasized the fact that toxicity is related to the dose calculated by real weight. The recommended hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine doses have been limited. It is no longer recommended to calculate the cumulative dose of chloroquine to establish the risk of t...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: MP Wiacek D Bobrowska-Snarska W Lubi & #324;ski M Brzosko M Modrzejewska Source Type: research

Erratum: Complications of arteriovenous fistula with polytetraflouroethylen grafts in hemodialysis patients
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(7):918-918 (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Source Type: research

ENT infection caused by Raoultella ornithinolytica
M Singh, DK Mundi, I Kaur, A KaurNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(7):914-917 Raoultella ornithinolytica is an encapsulated gram-negative aerobic bacillus belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. It is one of the three species of Raoultella. Human infections related to R. ornithinolytica are exceedingly rare. This case report describes an ENT infection caused by R. ornithinolytica successfully treated with antibiotic therapy. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Singh DK Mundi I Kaur A Kaur Source Type: research

Treatment of resistant idiopathic hiccups with pulse radio frequency on phrenic nerve and gabapentin: A case report
We present here a 54-year-old man who worked as a mason and a blacksmith with hiccups complaint for nearly one and a half years. In this period, he was admitted to emergency service ten times with fainting or almost fainting, cold sweating and hand stretching complaints. The patient expressed that he frequently threw up when he had hiccups and his social life was negatively affected. He reported that he was treated with baclofen, esomeprazole and hyoscine-n-butyl bromur without relief. He used escitalopram and chlorpromazine for a short time and quit because they negatively affected his sleeping. As he did not have any rel...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Ozturk E Yavuz B Yazicioglu B Uzuner Source Type: research

Choroidal metastases as the initial presentation of lung cancer: A rare scenario
We report the case of a 49-year-old female patient who presented with loss of vision due to choroidal metastases as the initial manifestation of her disseminated lung cancer. This particular patient was referred to us from ophthalmology department as a case of choroidal metastases from unknown primary. Detailed evaluation at our department helped detect the primary to be a nonsmall cell carcinoma of the right lung, which had multiple distant metastases. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Shamim S Vidya SKH Kabir B Ghosh Source Type: research

An evaluation of neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson & #39;s disease patients
Conclusion: Higher rates of depression and negative symptoms were observed in patients with PD compared with healthy individuals. Results did not differ with different stages of PD. Therefore, it should be kept in mind that neuropsychiatric symptoms can be seen from the early stages of the disease and should be treated earlier. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Oruc G G & #252;lseren OY Kusbec & #305; O & #214;zbulut Source Type: research

Associations between intimate partner violence, depression, and suicidal behavior among women attending antenatal and general outpatients hospital services in Thailand
Conclusion: A high proportion of women with IPV suffered from depression and suicidal behavior. The study provides evidence of an association between the severity of IPV and mental health problems (depression and suicidal behavior). In assessing IPV, the different identified dimensions contributing to poor mental health should be incorporated. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: K Peltzer S Pengpid Source Type: research

Knowledge of medical students about epilepsy: Need for a change
Conclusion: The content of medical curriculum in Africa should emphasize not only the content of lectures on epilepsy but also the need for students to go through neurology posting during their training. The outcome would be both better knowledge and improved physician–patient relations. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: BA Ezeala-Adikaibe T Okpara OS Ekenze O Onodugo NP Ezeala-Adikaibe T Nnaji G Onyebueke Source Type: research

Odontogenic and nonodontogenic cysts: An analysis of 526 cases in Turkey
Conclusion: The distribution of jaw cysts in the Turkish Eastern Anatolian population is relatively similar to that of other populations reported in previous studies in the literature, in which most OCs were of inflammatory origin. However, the relative rates of cysts were higher than those reported in other studies. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Kilinc B Gundogdu N Saruhan E Yalcin U Ertas G Urvasizoglu Source Type: research

A descriptive study of the morbidity pattern of older persons presenting at a Geriatric Centre in Southwestern Nigeria
Conclusion: The most common presenting morbidities at this geriatric health centre were mostly noncommunicable diseases. Information obtained will be useful in the design of similar facilities in other parts of the country and region at large. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: EO Cadmus LA Adebusoye OO Olowookere OG Oluwatosin ET Owoaje TO Alonge Source Type: research

Health education: Effect on knowledge and practice of workplace personal hygiene and protective measures among woodworkers in Enugu, Nigeria
Conclusion: Majority of the participants had good knowledge of workplace hygiene but had poor use of PPEs. Health education intervention improved the use of PPEs and should be recommended. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: L Ezeugwu EN Aguwa SU Arinze-Onyia TA Okeke Source Type: research

The oral adverse effects of isotretinoin treatment in acne vulgaris patients: A prospective, case & #8211;control study
Conclusions: Isotretinoin significantly affected salivary flow, buffer capacity, caries lesion activity scores for 6 months. However, salivary parameters and caries lesion activity scores had no significant correlations. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: U Erdemir G Okan S Gungor B Tekin SO Yildiz E Yildiz Source Type: research

The influence of maternal anthropometric characteristics on the birth size of term singleton South-East Nigerian newborn infants
Conclusion/Recommendation: Maternal anthropometry is a very useful tool in identifying mothers at risk of having newborn infants who experienced abnormal intrauterine growth. Therefore, its routine application is recommended to enable such mothers benefit from interventions targeted at ensuring optimal intrauterine growth and improved pregnancy outcomes. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: CU Onubogu I Egbuonu EF Ugochukwu AS Nwabueze O Ugochukwu Source Type: research

Clinical and radiographic evaluation of double teeth in primary dentition and associated anomalies in the permanent successors
Conclusion: The findings of this study have clinical relevance for the diagnosis of children with PDT. Early clinical and radiographic identification of PDT can help the clinician to evaluate the number and condition of permanent successors and draw up a proper treatment plan. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Aydinbelge AE Sekerci S Caliskan H Gumus Y Sisman K Cantekin Source Type: research

Comparison of obesity, overweight and elevated blood pressure in children attending public and private primary schools in Benin City, Nigeria
Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is higher in pupils attending private schools compared to those in public school. Urgent measures are needed to stem this tide through education, weight reduction and physical activity programs, especially in pupils attending private schools. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: WE Sadoh YT Israel-Aina AE Sadoh JE Uduebor M Shaibu E Ogonor FC Enugwuna Source Type: research

Comparative evaluation of ankaferd blood stopper, ferric sulfate, and formocresol as pulpotomy agent in primary teeth: A clinical study
Conclusion: Similar success was achieved in the pulpotomy treatment of primary teeth that using ABS, FC, and FS. ABS would be considered a suitable agent for pulpotomy treatment and can be used as an alternative to other agents. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: B Ozmen S Bayrak Source Type: research

A prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial of one nano-hybrid and one high-viscosity bulk-fill composite restorative systems in class II cavities: 12 months results
Conclusion: After 12 months of clinical service, all restorations evaluated for both materials were classified as ideal, receiving predominantly Alfa scores for all parameters analyzed. Clinical Relevance: This study presents that high-viscosity bulk-fill resin composites (RCs) perform just as well as nano-hybrid RCs with the 2 mm RC layering technique, therefore could be alternative to conventional nano-hybrid RCs. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Colak U Tokay R Uzgur MM Hamidi E Ercan Source Type: research

Comparison of CKD-EPI versus MDRD and Cockcroft-Gault equations to estimate glomerular filtration rate among stable homozygous sickle cell patients in Southwest Nigeria
CL Uche, ID OsegbeNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(7):816-821 Background: Homozygous sickle cell patients are prone to renal damage which can be on-going in and out of crises, therefore, there is a need to monitor renal status using glomerular filtration rate. Equations to estimate GFR are readily available. Cockcroft-Gault equation is widely used, while the MDRD formula is the currently accepted equation. The CKD-EPI equation is recently being recommended but has not been validated among HbSS patients. Therefore, we aim to compare estimated GFR using CKD-EPI versus MDRD and Cockcroft-Gault equations among Hb...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: CL Uche ID Osegbe Source Type: research

Experience with the bonanno catheter in the management of OHSS from IVF-ET Cycles
Conclusion: Bonanno Catheter is both effective and safe in draining ascitic fluid following OHSS. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: JE Okohue VK Oriji JI Ikimalo Source Type: research

Pattern of prescription of antibiotics among dental practitioners in Jeddah, KSA: A cross-sectional survey
Conclusions: A lack of consistency in the antibiotic prescription pattern among dentists in Jeddah and overall low adherence to the professional guidelines was observed. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: K Al-Johani SG Reddy AS Al Mushayt A El-Housseiny Source Type: research

HCV co-infection is associated with metabolic abnormalities among HAART naive HIV-infected persons
Conclusion: HIV-HCV co-infection may be associated with a predictable decline in plasma cholesterol, but FPG may not be sufficient to demonstrate insulin resistance in these persons. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: MA Kuti JO Akinyemi BO Ogunbosi KM Kuti OA Adesina OA Awolude OS Michael IF Adewole Source Type: research

Comparision of the expandable nail with locked nail in the treatment of closed diaphyseal fractures of femur
Conclusion: Non-union rate of the expandable nail is higher than that of the locked nail for femoral diaphyseal fractures. It may be a treatment option in simple fractures like AO 32.A and in patients where rapid fixation is demanded. It has advantages of reduced operative time and less radiation exposure in comparison with reported series of conventional nails. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Sipahioglu S Zehir B Sarikaya UE Isikan Source Type: research

Leakage testing for different adhesive systems and composites to permanent teeth
Conclusion: In this study, it has been found that the use of total etch adhesive systems resulted in high leakage values. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: BS Bolgul B Ayna I Simsek S Ç elenk O Seker G Kilinc Source Type: research

Barriers to utilization of cataract surgical services in Ekiti State, South Western Nigeria
Conclusion: Financial constraint is the most common barrier to utilization of routine cataract surgery in Ekiti, State. Ignorance is also a significant factor in our environment. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - August 8, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: CO Fadamiro KO Ajite Source Type: research

Erratum: Prevalence of depression among health workers in Enugu, South East Nigeria
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(6):782-782 (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Source Type: research

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell leukemia in a black malian
YL Diallo, J Cucherousset, O Samassekou, M Doumbere, Y Cissoko, DT Menta, N Ouologuem, M Ouologuem, M Konate, AT SidibeNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(6):777-781Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare, clinically aggressive hematologic malignancy, that most commonly manifests as cutaneous lesions. A 19-year-old Malian female was admitted to the Unit of Medicine of Hopital du Mali with anemia, fever, weakness, and weight loss. On physical examination she was wasted, pale, febrile (37.4°C), and had inguinal and axillary lymphadenopathies. The complete blood count found pancytopenia w...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: YL Diallo J Cucherousset O Samassekou M Doumbere Y Cissoko DT Menta N Ouologuem M Ouologuem M Konate AT Sidibe Source Type: research

Hamartomatous polyp of the tonsil: A case report
We present a case of hamartomatous polyp of the palatine tonsil in a 17-year-old male patient. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Singh DK Mundi I Kaur A Kaur Source Type: research

Insulin sensitivity and mortality risk estimation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Conclusion: Insulin sensitivity status does not have a direct effect on scores obtained from the Gargano mortality risk prediction model. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: KS Akinlade KG Habila SK Rahamon OA Ogundeji Source Type: research

Efficacy of manual and mechanical instrumentation techniques for removal of overextended root canal filling material
Conclusions: This study demonstrated that all tested systems had similar efficacy in removing overextended root canal filling material. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: B Kesim Y & #220;st & #252;n T Aslan HS Top & #231;uo & #287;lu S & #350;ahin & #214; Ulusan Source Type: research

Patterns of gestational weight gain and its association with birthweight in Nigeria
Conclusions: Women should be counseled on the factors that influence GWG and birthweight. Interventions to assist women achieve appropriate GWG may need to include components related to improved dietary intake for the underweight and increased physical activity for the obese. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: CI Onwuka EO Ugwu HE Onah SN Obi CI Onwuka IE Menuba II Okafor Source Type: research

Community-Acquired acute kidney injury in critically Ill children as seen in the emergency unit of a tertiary hospital in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria
Conclusion: The prevalence of AKI in the study population was unacceptably high. The risk factors to its occurrence can be determined from epidemiologic and clinical data, and therefore, clinicians attending to critically ill patients should identify those with AKI for early intervention to reduce the expected poor outcomes associated with its occurrence. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: CC Obichukwu OI Odetunde JM Chinawa HU Okafor DK Adiele BC Ibe Source Type: research

A prospective cohort study on the clinical utility of second trimester mean arterial blood pressure in the prediction of late-onset preeclampsia among Nigerian women
Conclusions: With an AUC of 0.732, MABP performed moderately (considering that excellent performance has an AUC of 1.0) in the prediction of late-onset preeclampsia in Nigerian women. Its high NPV suggests a strong ability to rule out preeclampsia and help to appropriate management. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: IC Udenze AP Arikawe CC Makwe OF Olowoselu Source Type: research

Effect of Erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser on bond strength of a total-etch adhesive system to caries-affected dentin on gingival wall
Conclusion: The Er:YAG laser treatment did not negatively affect the bonding performance of the total-etch adhesive system to caries-affected dentin on the gingival wall. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: F Cebe M Bulbul I Simsek MA Cebe B Ozturk Source Type: research

Dynamic and morphologic evaluation of erectile dysfunction on penile doppler sonography and contrast cavernosography
Conclusion: Vascular etiologies are important contributors of ED in our setting. Papavarine-induced Doppler sonography and cavernosography shows promise in accurate assessment and overall care of these patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Ismail AM Tabari SU Alhasan A Abdullahi Source Type: research

Evaluation of the frequency and characteristics of hypercementosis in the turkish population with cone-beam computed tomography
Conclusions: In our study, the prevalence of hypercementosis has been found 2.4% in the Turkish population. Besides, the lesion has been found more in the mandible than the maxilla, in the molars than the premolars and in the unilateral distribution than the bilateral distribution. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: Y Eren O Erdal B Serdar KO Emin G Enes Source Type: research

Structural echocardiographic abnormalities seen in HIV/AIDS patients are independent of cd4 count
Conclusions: Echo is an important tool for detecting cardiac abnormalities in HIV/AIDS patients. There is a high prevalence of echo abnormalities among HIV patients seen in our centre. The HIV infection was associated with increased structural dimensions of cardiac chambers compared with HIV-negative controls. This however did not seem to be related to disease severity as the chamber dimensions were similar between those with CD4 count below and above 200 cells/mm3. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: JA Ogunmodede PM Kolo IA Katibi AK Salami ABO Omotoso Source Type: research

Family planning practices of rural community dwellers in cross River State, Nigeria
Conclusion: The proportion of respondents who were currently using at least one family planning method was low. The findings of this study suggest that family planning uptake would increase if couples make joint decisions in this regard. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: AJ Etokidem W Ndifon J Etowa EF Asuquo Source Type: research

Comparison of intracoronal bleaching methods on teeth discolored by different antibiotic pastes
Conclusions: Both antibiotic pastes induced crown discoloration that was reversible using all sodium perborate bleaching techniques. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Iriboz BA & #214;zt & #252;rk S K & #246;rkl & #252; B Tarcin YG Berker HS & #214;ve & #231;o & #287;lu Source Type: research

Assessment of gross malnutrition among primary school children using body mass index as an assessment tool in abakaliki metropolis of Ebonyi State, South-East Nigeria
Conclusion: Overweight and obesity are emerging in a background of undernutrition, showing ''double burden'' of nutritional disorder. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: UV Asiegbu OG Asiegbu BN Onyire AN Ikefuna BC Ibe Source Type: research

Quantitative evaluation of the enamel caries which were treated with casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium fluoride phosphate
Conclusions: Daily local application of CPP-ACFP for 4 min for 4 weeks results in significant remineralization of the initial caries lesions. Clinical Relevance: CPP-ACFP can be used in the treatment of white spot lesions. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - June 27, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Yazicioglu BC Yaman A G & #252;ler F Koray Source Type: research