Intrathecal ropivacaine in cesarean delivery
Conclusion: Ropivacaine administration produced rapid induction of anesthesia and satisfactory anesthesia level, ropivacaine 15 mg and 20 mg dosing regimens are satisfactory for spinal anesthesia. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: RY Ateser N Kayacan Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes after open locked intramedullary nailing of closed femoral shaft fractures for adult patients in a Nigerian Hospital
Conclusion: Open locked intramedullary nailing gives excellent clinical outcomes with high union and low complication rates in the management of closed femoral shaft fractures in adult patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: ON Salawu GH Ibraheem OM Babalola DM Kadir BA Ahmed SB Agaja A Olawepo AA Nasir Source Type: research

Predictors of Vitamin D deficiency in predialysis patients with stage 3 & #8211;5 chronic kidney diseases in Southern China
Conclusions: Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency are common in predialysis patients with Stage 3–5 CKD in Southern China. Female gender, hypoalbuminemia with serum albumin level <30.0 g/L, and severe damaged renal function with eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73 m2 are independent predictors of Vitamin D deficiency in predialysis patients with Stage 3–5 CKD. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Feng J Lv FT Huang PF Liang S Fu YC Zeng Y Tang AP Xu Source Type: research

Assessment of body perception, psychological distress, and subjective quality of life among obese and nonobese subjects in Turkey
Conclusions: Both health risks and social implications of obesity are important. Further studies are needed to ethically evaluate the psycho-social problems caused by obesity. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Son Source Type: research

Is hemorrhage the reason in crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever patients with neurological signs and symptomsa
Conclusion: As the presence of CNS signs is a bad prognostic indicator in CCHF, they should be investigated carefully. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: Fatma Akta & #351; Zafer & #214;zmen Ay & #351;eg & #252;l Altunka & #351; Eda Albayrak Fazilet Duygu Osman Demir Zeliha Cansel & #214;zmen Source Type: research

The Pattern of significant lesions found in computerized tomography scan of recurrent seizure patients at a center in Enugu, Nigeria
Conclusion: Computed tomography scan has a high diagnostic yield, especially in elderly patients with recurrent generalized seizures. Brain tumors, encephalomalacia, and HCP are most common causes of recurrent seizures in the adults. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: AB Ezeala-Adikaibe SC Ohaegbulam CA Ndubuisi Source Type: research

Pattern of maxillofacial surgical conditions in North Central Nigeria: A 5-year experience of an indigenous surgical mission
Conclusion: The spectrum of maxillofacial surgery from community-based data was associated with higher percentage of facial cleft as compared to hospital-based study that is associated with higher traumatic injury cases. High level of poverty, ignorance, and poor access to maxillofacial service have been identified as shortcomings in the management of the diseases. There is a need for pragmatic move to improve facility, training, enlightenment, and more funding of outreach programs. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: Seidu A Bello Timothy Osodin Ifeoluwa Oketade Alwel-Brown Ibikari Nosa Ighile Deborah J Enebong Paul Ekpa Source Type: research

Effect of different modes of erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser on shear bond strength to dentin
Conclusion: Using different modes (MSP and QSP) of Er:YAG laser for dentin surface treatment before application of total etch adhesives is still not an sufficient alternative compared to acid etching. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Kucukyilmaz MS Botsali E Korkut Y Sener T Sari Source Type: research

Intermittent testicular torsion
Conclusion: Horizontal lie of the testis is the most common cause of intermittent testicular torsion. The condition is more common on the left than the right testis and is predominantly unilateral. Intermittent testicular pain in the presence of abnormal testicular lie should warrant a diagnosis of intermittent testicular torsion. Early bilateral orchidopexy is efficacious. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: AO Obi Source Type: research

Diagnostic utility of alpha-fetoprotein and des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin in nigerians with hepatocellular carcinoma
Conclusion: HCC patients who are sero-positive for DCP and sero-negative for AFP have significantly higher levels of serum ALT; serum ALT levels may be of diagnostic importance in AFP-negative, HBV-related HCC patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: Akpakip Ikpong Ette DA Ndububa O Adekanle U Ekrikpo Source Type: research

Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries and associated factors among 8 to 12-years-old schoolchildren in Diyarbakir, Turkey
Conclusion: Socio-economic indicators and parents' level of education were not statistically significantly associated with the occurrence of traumatic dental injuries. Factors associated with increased risk of dental injuries in permanent teeth were age, gender, having an incisal overjet greater than 5mm and anterior open bite. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: EC T & #252;men & #304; Yavuz S Kaya E Uysal DS T & #252;men Y Ay G Ba & #351;aran & #214; Ad & #305;g & #252;zel Y De & #287;er M La & #231;in Source Type: research

A comparative study of the oral microbiome compositions of healthy postmenopausal, premenopausal, and prepubertal Nigerian females, using 16s rrna metagenomics methods
Conclusion: The study has revealed that bacteria with varying diversities colonized the subjects and it highlighted the importance of metagenomics in deciphering the oral bacterial compositions from females of different age groups. More studies are needed using metagenomics approach, to appreciate these bacterial organisms that are associated with health and disease in our environment. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: KC Anukam NR Agbakoba Source Type: research

Behavioural and anthropometric risk factors for diabetes mellitus among newly admitted undergraduates in a Nigerian University
Conclusion: Most of the participants are involved in healthy lifestyle. This has resulted in very low prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 DM among the group. It will be useful to follow up the group and note if they are able to maintain this trend since the risk of developing DM is known to increase with age. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: OA Adegoke BO Emma-Okon MK Fasanya AO Salawu AA Tomi-Olugbodi Source Type: research

Neutrophil lymphocyte ratio predicts postoperative pain after orthognathic surgery
Conclusions: Preoperatively measured NLR may help to predict postoperative analgesic demand in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery, and thus sufficient postoperative pain control can be achieved with various preventive treatments taken at the perioperative period such as preemptive analgesia, local anesthetic administration at the end of surgery, or early administration of analgesics. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: HC Turgut M Alkan MS Ata & #231; SK Altunda & #287; S Bozkaya B & #350;im & #351;ek B I & #351;ik M Arslan Source Type: research

The force required to fracture endodontically roots restored with various materials as intra-orifice barriers
Conclusions: Within the limitations of the present study, the use of nano-hybrid composite, short fiber-reinforced composite, bulk-fill flowable composite, and glass ionomer cement as an intra-orifice barrier may be useful in reinforcing roots. MTA placement (MTA Angelus or Micro Mega MTA) did not significantly increase the fracture resistance of endodontically treated roots compared to the control groups, however Biodentine did. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Yasa H Arslan B Yasa M Akcay M Alsancak H Hatirli Source Type: research

Role of trichloroacetic acid and gelfoam in closure of tympanic membrane perforations
Conclusions: Cautery and patching of tympanic membrane perforation may be considered as the first-line management in the small- to medium-sized perforations before attempting the surgical closure. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Singh M Kaur B Singh K Singh A Singh A Kaur Source Type: research

Color recovery effect of different bleaching systems on a discolored composite resin
Conclusion: Within the limitation of this in vitro study, the highest recovery effect was determined in office bleaching system among all bleaching systems. However, home and laser bleaching systems were determined as effective as office bleaching system. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: P Gul OT Harorl & #305; IB Ocal Z Ergin C Barutcigil Source Type: research

Subdural empyema: Clinical presentations and management options for an uncommon neurosurgical emergency in a developing country
Conclusion: BAAD is the near approximated option to standard craniotomy management in a limited resource facility and it has a very good clinical outcome. However, more studies are required to draw the final conclusion. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: MC Chikani W Mezue E Okorie C Mbachu C Ndubisi UN Chikani Source Type: research

Changes in periodontal and microbial parameters after the space maintainers application
Conclusion: Although, the results of this study demonstrate that the application of fixed or removable SM appliances in children induced an increase of clinical periodontal parameters, anaerobic microbiota consisting of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Tannerella forshia were not observed in any of the samples in short-term. Further long-term and comprehensive investigations are necessary. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Aydinbelge K Cantekin G Herdem H Simsek D Percin OM Parkan Source Type: research

Impact of oral antibiotics on health-related quality of life after mandibular third molar surgery: An observational study
Conclusion: There was a significant deterioration in OHRQoL in the immediate postoperative period, particularly postoperative days 1 and 3 following third molar surgery. QoL was also observed to be slightly better in Group A than Groups B and C, although this was not statistically significant. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: RO Braimah KC Ndukwe JF Owotade SB Aregbesola Source Type: research

Oral and dental health in children with chronic liver disease in the Turkey Northeast
Conclusion: Pediatric hepatologists must be aware of the dental problems in children with CLD. Enamel hypoplasia is common in children with CLD, and it may predispose to dental caries. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Baygin M Cak & #305;r N Ucuncu Source Type: research

Evaluation of digital model accuracy and time-dependent deformation of alginate impressions
Conclusions: This study showed that measurements on negative digital models offer a high degree of validity when compared to measurements on positive digital models and plaster models; differences between the techniques are clinically acceptable. Direct scanning of the impressions is practicable method for orthodontists. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: MG Cesur IK Omurlu T Ozer Source Type: research

Comparison of the EndoVac system and conventional needle irrigation on removal of the smear layer in primary molar root canals
Conclusions: EndoVac has better performance than conventional needle irrigation in the removal of the SR in the apical thirds of the primary molar root canals. As a final irrigation regimen, the OW + EDTA regimen is as effective as the NaOCl + EDTA regimen. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: B Buldur A Kapdan Source Type: research

Oxidative stress markers and genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase T1, M1, and P1 in a subset of children with autism spectrum disorder in Lagos, Nigeria
Conclusion: Individuals with ASD showed a significant diminished level of reduced glutathione, however, the distribution of GSTT1, GSTM1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms was not found to be associated with autism in this study population. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: Y Oshodi O Ojewunmi TA Oshodi GT Ijarogbe OC Ogun OF Aina FEA Lesi Source Type: research

The role of the nasal and paranasal sinus pathologies on the development of chronic otitis media and its subtypes: A computed tomography study
Conclusions: Our study suggests that obstructive nasal pathologies such as NSD and CB may play a role in the pathogenesis of especially unilateral COM. However, there was no correlation between COM and inflammatory pathologies such as sinusitis. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Damar AE Din & #231; D Erdem S Bi & #351;kin S & #350; Eli & #231;ora Y & #199; Kumbul Source Type: research

Environmental factors that determine visual skill development of under-fives in a developing country
Conclusion: Identification and management of environmental factors negatively affecting visual skill development will help improve on the visual skill area and invariably child development. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: AO Jimoh JO Anyiam HA Abdulsalami AJ Orugun AM Yakubu Source Type: research

Prevalence of lupus anticoagulant in women with spontaneous abortion in Zaria
Conclusion: LA may be one of the causes of SA and other adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preeclampsia/eclampsia and small for date deliveries. It is recommended that patients with prolonged APTT, uncorrected with 50:50 mixing study with pooled control plasma, should be evaluated further for LA. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: IN Ibrahim AI Mamman SE Adaji A Hassan AA Babadoko Source Type: research

Pain intensity and its objective determinants following implant surgery and sinus lifting: A 1-year prospective study
Conclusions: This study was able to show that increased postoperative pain is not a sign of early implant failure. In addition to this, the implant dimensions and presence of sinus lifting procedure did not influence the pain experience. However, the bilateral sinus lifting prolongs the recovery time. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: B Atalay M Ramazanoglu EN Tozan H Ozyuvaci Source Type: research

Knowledge and utilization of electrocardiogram among resident doctors in family medicine in Nigeria
Conclusion: The attitude to and utility of ECG among family medicine residents in Nigeria is poor. Improved knowledge, attitude, and utilization of ECG through curriculum revision, hands-on tutorials, and CMEs are highly recommended. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: GC Isiguzo MO Iroezindu AS Muoneme BN Okeahialam Source Type: research

Reconstruction of lower extremity primary malignant and metastatic bone tumours with modular endoprosthesis
Conclusion: Although endoprosthesis reconstruction had advantages of giving very good functional results in the early phases, it was found to cause mechanical complications, especially in patients with primary bone tumours during the mid and late phases. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Sezgin A & #199; & #305;rakl & #305; H G & #246; & #231;er N Dabak Source Type: research

Occult metabolic bone disease in chronic pancreatitis
KVS Hari Kumar, AK Sood, M ManraiNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(9):1122-1126Background: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) leads to malabsorption and metabolic bone disease (MBD). Alcoholic CP (ACP) and tropical CP (TCP) are the two common types of CP. Objective: We investigated the presence of occult MBD in patients with CP and compared the same between ACP and TCP. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional, observational study, we included serial patients of CP in different stages and are grouped as ACP (Group 1; n = 67) and TCP (Group 2; n = 35). We determined serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosp...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: KVS Hari Kumar AK Sood M Manrai Source Type: research

Effects of parental attitudes on the use of addictive substances in high school students
Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that parental attitudes are related with the attitudes of high school students toward addictive substances. Students mostly adopted a negative attitude toward substance use in case of democratic parental attitude. Therefore, to protect children from substance abuse, parents should be advised to adopt a democratic attitude characterized with sincere love and constructive control. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: C Ö ztekin T & #350;engezer A & #214;zkara Source Type: research

Comparison of medial and posterior surgical approaches in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures
Conclusion: In the treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures in children, both surgical approaches revealed similar functional and radiological outcomes with shorter operative time when medial approach was utilized. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Sahin S Zehir S Sipahioglu Source Type: research

Evaluation of drug utilization pattern for patients of bronchial asthma in a government hospital of Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: Prescription pattern was mainly in accordance with standard guidelines with some knowledge and technical gaps in prescription writing methodology. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: MM Rafeeq HAS Murad Source Type: research

A survey of the perception of the quality of and preference of healthcare services amongst residents of Abeokuta South Local Government, Ogun State, Nigeria
Conclusions: Government-owned general hospitals were the preferred source of health services and the quality of healthcare services received was generally perceived to be high. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: AS Oredola OO Odusanya Source Type: research

Predictors of male condom utilization in Plateau State, Nigeria
Conclusions: The prevalence of male condom use is low in Plateau State. The predictors of condom use are level of wealth, being unmarried, and primary level of education. Having only a primary level of education and been in the middle class reduces the likelihood of using condoms while being unmarried increases it. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: MP Chingle PA Odunze A Mohammed TT Bitto OY Sodipo AI Zoakah Source Type: research

An audit of endometrial hyperplasias at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital
Conclusion: The WHO classification scheme standardizes and simplifies the terminology used in the diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasias, while reflecting, at the same time, the current understanding of genetic changes that provide information necessary for prognostication and treatment. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: OO Dawodu NZ Ikeri AA Banjo Source Type: research

Cancer patients and oncology nursing: Perspectives of oncology nurses in Turkey
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, nurses declared that working with cancer patients increase burnout, they are insufficient in managing work stress and giving psychological care to patients, but their job satisfaction, clinical skills and awareness regarding priorities of life has increased. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Kamisli D Yuce B Karakilic S Kilickap M Hayran Source Type: research

Retrospective morphometric analysis of the infraorbital foramen with cone beam computed tomography
Conclusion: This study reveals that CBCT may guide for local anesthesia applications and for other invasive procedures in order to prevent the damage of the neurovascular structures during maxillofacial surgery by identifying the distances of anatomic points such as IOF having surgically importance. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Dagistan & #214; Milo & #487;lu O Altun EK Umar Source Type: research

Interocclusal registration for diagnosis and treatment planning for implant restorations
S AlZainNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(8):1049-1051This paper describes a new technique to record the interocclusal relationship of an implant case where multiple posterior teeth are missing and need to be replaced by implant restorations. In the case presented, an appliance was designed to be supported only by hard immovable tissues; teeth that provide a precise fit of records. The well-fitting appliance can be used to accurately mount implant cases with inadequate posterior support for diagnosis and treatment planning. This technique of interocclusal registration has the advantages of accurate mounting, pr...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: S AlZain Source Type: research

Hyperthyroidism and sick sinus syndrome, a rare but challenging association: A study of three cases
M Tudoran, C TudoranNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(8):1046-1048Hyperthyroidism is usually associated with sinus tachycardia or supraventricular tachyarrhythmias, but rarely with dysfunction of the sinus node or other conduction disturbances. Evidence of bradyarrhythmia in patients with hyperthyroidism is clinically relevant, but the fact that several drugs with negative chronotropic effects (beta-blockers and calcium channel antagonists) are frequently used in the management of these patients must be taken into account. In the presence of sick sinus syndrome (SSS) or other conductance disturbances, therapy w...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Tudoran C Tudoran Source Type: research

Omental herniation through the diaphragmatic defect: Two cases mimicking mediastinal lipomas
Z Zhu, Y ChaiNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(8):1044-1045Omental herniation through a diaphragmatic defect without involvement of the stomach is rare and has often been misdiagnosed as mediastinal lipoma. We herein report two cases of intrathoracic omental herniation through adiaphragmatic defect in patients that were misdiagnosed as a mediastinal lipoma at presentation. They both underwent successful laparoscopic diaphragmatic hernia repairs with full resolution of their symptoms. Doctors should pay attention to the differential diagnosis between diaphragmatic hernia and mediastinal lipoma when a fatty mass ...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: Z Zhu Y Chai Source Type: research

Mondor & #39;s disease of the breast in a Nigerian woman previously treated for invasive ductal carcinoma in the contralateral breast: A case report
This report is aimed at reminding breast specialists to include it as a diagnostic consideration in patients presenting with a breast lump in the appropriate clinical setting. Its imaging features are also highlighted because it may be incorrectly overlooked as mere ductal dilatation. We present the case of a 60-year-old woman who complained of a painful cordlike lesion in her right breast. Mondor's disease was diagnosed based on the clinical and radiological findings. She had also been previously treated for invasive ductal breast carcinoma in the contralateral breast. Mondor's disease is usually a benign entity, ...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: SA Olarinoye-Akorede BT Silas Source Type: research

Common types and countermeasures of ankle ligament injury caused by intense basketball movement
Conclusion: Basketball players will often have serious ankle ligament injury in the process of movement. Basketball coaches and players should reduce serious injury to players in training or competition, so as to stimulate passion of more professional basketball sports students for basketball, which also has a positive meaning for their future career. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Hu Source Type: research

Effects of health-care services and commodities cost on the patients at the primary health facilities in Zaria Metropolis, North Western Nigeria
Conclusion: The respondents were paying user fees for essential health-care services at the primary health-care centers and this was not convenient for them. Recommendation: There is a need for the LGA health department to intensify the supervision of the activities at the PHCs. Standardization of prices of services and commodities and the implementation of the National Health Act may alleviate the burdens of the poor community members who access PHCs in Nigeria. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Adegboyega K Abioye Source Type: research

Short segment bulbar urethral strictures: Review of 48 cases managed in a resource-poor setting
Conclusions: Fall astride injuries are the commonest cause of short segment BUSs. Prior urethral instrumentation is associated with recurrence and longer stricture lenght. Suprapubic catheter-related associated comorbidity increases with the duration of catheterization but does not impact negatively on the surgical outcome. BAU has low morbidity and high success rate of 92.7%. It should be the first line treatment for short segment BUS in low-resource countries. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: AO Obi Source Type: research

Classification of alveolar bone destruction patterns on maxillary molars by using cone-beam computed tomography
Conclusions: The most appropriate treatment option may be decided through accurate imaging of periodontal defect morphology. CBCT can provide comprehensive information about the remaining alveolar bone structures. In this way, the need for dental implant can be prevented in many cases and be replaced with a more conservative approach on the maxillary molar region. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: G Ozcan AE Sekerci Source Type: research

Work-Related musculoskeletal pain among lebanese dentists: An epidemiological study
Conclusions: The occurrence of musculoskeletal pain in the upper extremities is a serious concern that affects Lebanese dentists. Most of them often complained of tendinitis and headaches because they do not practice sports; thus, encouraging them to practice sports may reduce or solve such health problems. Issuing brochures that include exercises to perform and hiring trained assistants could help reduce the risk of musculoskeletal disorders. Finally, these occupational health problems should be highlighted at all clinical and research symposia to increase awareness. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Bou Jaoude N Naaman E Nehme J Gebeily M Daou Source Type: research

Protein C and antithrombin levels in patients with sickle cell anemia in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria, Nigeria
Conclusions: This study showed that there was a significant decrease in the levels of protein C and AT between the SCA patients in the steady state and the controls. We recommend baseline investigations of these naturally occurring anticoagulants in patients with SCA, especially in those with frequent vaso-occlusive crises. This will give us an insight into the additional pathophysiologic mechanism in SCA-related thrombotic complications for better patient management and outcome. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: IU Kusfa AI Mamman SM Aminu A Hassan HM Muktar Source Type: research

Comparison of Epidrum, Epi-Jet, and Loss of Resistance syringe techniques for identifying the epidural space in obstetric patients
Conclusion: We suggest that Epi-Jet is superior to Epidrum in pregnant patients in terms of clarity of epidural space identification, usefulness, and success rates of EA or CSEA. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - September 11, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Kartal B K & #246;sem H K & #305;l & #305;n & #231; H K & #246; & #351;ker S Karabay & #305;rl & #305; NK & #199;imen R & #304; Demircio & #287;lu Source Type: research