Evaluation of antimicrobial and thermal effects of diode laser on root canal dentin
Conclusion: Diode laser irradiation with 1.2 W demonstrated comparable performance with 2 W and 3 W power sets for elimination of E. faecalis from root canal with less temperature rise. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: BH K & #305;van รง HD Ar & #305;su BC Sa & #287;lam G Ak & #231;a MA G & #252;rel G G & #246;rg & #252;l Source Type: research

The prevalence of osteoporosis among antenatal clinic attendees in a rural mission hospital in South-East Nigeria
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of osteoporosis among pregnant women in Southeast Nigeria. This may be due to the predominant poor adherence and low dose of calcium supplementation among pregnant women in this environment. Therefore, there is an urgent need for sensitization on this public health problem. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: PO Ezeonu UM Agwu LO Ajah IB O Dimejesi LU Ogbonnaya OU J Umeora RC Onoh Source Type: research

The translucency effect of different colored resin cements used with zirconia core and titanium abutments
Conclusions: The addition of a zirconia core under the resin cement dramatically reduced the TP values, and the presence of a titanium layer decreased the TP value and caused a darker appearance. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Capa C Celebi A Casur I Tuncel A Usumez Source Type: research

Type A intramural hematoma in a patient with acute coronary syndrome mimicking acute Type A aortic dissection
We report a case of an ascending aorta IMH in a patient admitted to hospital with epigastric and chest pain with ST-elevation myocardial infarction in inferior leads. Coronary angiography (CAG) was performed and contrast injection from the right coronary artery (RCA) ostium showed marked contrast enhancement of the aortic wall. The CAG was terminated with a suspicion of Type A AD. The diagnosis of IMH starting just above RCA ostium with a thickness of 18 mm was made with computed tomographic angiography. An emergent surgical repair of the aorta and one-vessel coronary artery bypass graft surgery was performed successfully ...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: & #214; G & #252;lmez B Saritas I Isiklar Source Type: research

Synchronous parathyroid adenoma and papillary thyroid carcinoma: 99mTc-MIBI Scan Findings
O Kandemir, P Atmaca Kelkit, K KarakuşNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(11):1510-1512 Simultaneous existence of parathyroid adenoma and thyroid nonmedullary carcinoma is rarely observed. A 52-year-old female was diagnosed approximately 4 years ago with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) on the basis of hypercalcemia and elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) level. Clinically, PHPT diagnosed patient was examined with Tc-99m MIBI scintigraphy to investigate parathyroid adenoma. Early Tc-99m MIBI images showed focal focused enhanced activity retention on both thyroid left lobe upper pole and thyroid lower...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Kandemir P Atmaca Kelkit K Karaku & #351; Source Type: research

Optic disc coloboma in two nigerian siblings: Case report and review of literature
We report two cases of bilateral asymmetric optic disc coloboma (ODC) in siblings. The index patient is a 9-year-old Nigerian girl with severe cognitive deficit who presented with a poor vision of 3 years' duration. She had a history of childhood febrile convulsions and delayed developmental milestones. Her visual acuity could not be assessed because she had a cognitive deficit and expressive aphasia. Ocular examination revealed a very large excavated right optic disc with only a strip of remnant neuro-retinal rim superiorly, and a smaller left optic disc with inferior disc excavation, superior wedge of the pink neuro-...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: YO Babalola OO Olawoye PO Idam Source Type: research

Temporomandibular joint involvement in psoriatic arthritis
In this report, a-46-year-old male patient was referred to our clinic with the complaint of pain in the bilateral TMJs, and a limited jaw movement. Medical anamnesis revealed he had psoriasis for the last 21 years, and developed a seronegative polyarthritis with destructive changes for 8 years. On extra-oral examination, crepitation at TMJs and limitation of jaw movements was detected. The radiographic examination with cone-beam CT revealed the bilaterally decreased joint spaces, erosion, and the loss of cortical edge of the joint on the condylar heads. The definitive diagnosis of PA was made with the help of patient's...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: Alime Okkesim Mehmet Zahit Adisen Melda Misirlioglu Source Type: research

Is age a determinant for nausea and vomiting in disabled patients after dental treatment under sedation ?
Conclusion: PONV is more common in disabled patients younger than 18 years and dental treatment procedures under deep sedation can be provided with acceptable complication rates in patients with special needs. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: H & #252;seyin Cihad Turgut Metin Alkan G & #252;lay K & #304;P Mustafa Sancar ATA & #199; Sevil Kahraman Altunda & #287; S & #252;leyman Bozkaya Berrin I & #350;IK Mustafa Arslan Source Type: research

Comparison of icodextrin with thymoquinone: A new hope for postoperative adhesions
Conclusions: A comparison of the antiadhesive effects of thymoquinone and icodextrin revealed thymoquinone to be more effective. These results indicate that thymoquinone is an efficient and strong antiadhesive molecule. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: & #214; Yilmaz R Kiziltan S & #199;elik S Yildirm HH Alp A Aras & #199; Kotan Source Type: research

Role of anatomic variations of paranasal sinuses on the prevalence of sinusitis: Computed tomography findings of 350 patients
Conclusion: Certain types of paranasal sinus variations create a susceptibility to sinusitis. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Kaya F & #199;ankal M Gumusok N Apaydin I Tekdemir Source Type: research

Specialty choices: Patterns and determinants among medical undergraduates in Enugu Southeast Nigeria
Conclusion: Surgical specialties, obstetrics and gynecology, and public health were the most preferred specialties among our participants. The most important determinants of specialty choices were personal interest, personal abilities, and career prospects. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: NOC Onyemaechi AI Bisi-Onyemaechi NI Omoke OI Odetunde IC Okwesili BO Okwara Source Type: research

Application of autogenous periosteum as a membrane in sinus lifting
Conclusion: Autogenous periosteum was considered to have the potential to be an alternative to synthetic membranes. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Kaynar N Yilmaz M Bakirtas Source Type: research

Relationship between zinc levels and anthropometric indices among school-aged female children with sickle cell anemia in enugu, Nigeria
Conclusion: Reduced serum zinc in SCA children was associated with low anthropometric indices. Estimation of serum zinc is also recommended in SCA children with low anthropometric indices. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: VO Onukwuli AN Ikefuna AR Nwokocha IJ Emodi CB Eke Source Type: research

Surgical decompression for traumatic spinal cord injury in a tertiary center
Conclusion: Spinal cord decompression with spinal stabilization enhances the rehabilitation of patients with unstable spine and completes spinal cord injuries. Our experience shows improvement in neurological function in patients with spinal cord decompression despite the challenges of instrumentation in Sub-Saharan Africa. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: OA Ojo EO Poluyi BS Owolabi OO Kanu MO Popoola Source Type: research

Benign tumors and tumor-like lesions of the oral cavity and jaws: An analysis of 709 cases
Conclusions: This study revealed that the distribution and characteristics of benign tumors and tumor-like lesions of oral cavity and jaws in the Turkish population, particularly including the Eastern region of Turkey have some differences as well as similarities with the findings of studies in different populations. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Kilinc N Saruhan B Gundogdu E Yalcin U Ertas G Urvasizoglu Source Type: research

Quadriceps strength and anterior knee pain following tibia intramedullary nailing: Any clinical relationship ?
Conclusion: Anterior knee pain rate was 19.4% in our series and no statistical association exists between the extensor strength and occurrence of anterior knee pain. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Esan AO Ojoawo IC Ikem Source Type: research

Higher order multiple births in Nigeria: Experiences, challenges and neonatal outcomes in a private health facility
Conclusion: HOM is becoming increasingly common in Nigeria. The strongest risk factor is ART, and neonatal complications are common reinforcing the need to streamline ART protocols in Nigeria. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: B Ezenwa O Oseni P Akintan P Aligwekwe B Chukwukelu O Fashola A Ogunmokun O Odukoya Source Type: research

Biomechanical comparison of transoral and transbuccal lateral cortical plate fixation for the management of mandibular angle fractures
Conclusion: The results of this experimental study demonstrated that there were no significant differences between the transbuccal and transoral methods in terms of fixation stability. In other words, the screw position and angle seemed to no have influence on the fixation stability in single miniplate treatments of a mandibular angle fracture. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: MM Omezli F Ayranci ME Polat E Dayi H Ghahramanzadehasl S Karagol Source Type: research

Assessment of biochemical liver function tests in relation to age among steady state sickle cell anemia patients
Conclusion: There are mild LFTs derangements in SCA patients even in steady state with the extent of the abnormalities decreasing with advancing age of the patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: SA Akuyam A Abubakar N Lawal R Yusuf SM Aminu A Hassan A Musa AK Bello IA Yahaya PA Okafor Source Type: research

Glycaemic adverse drug reactions from anti-neoplastics used in treating pancreatic cancer
Conclusions: Pancreatic carcinoma is an aggressive malignancy typically associated with severe hyperglycemia. Furthermore, hyperglycemia is one of the severe ADRs from antineoplastics, which must be paid special attention to when treating in pancreatic carcinoma, especially doxorubicin, fluorouracil, and gemcitabine. Such real-time monitoring or pretreatment gene test can be suggested. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: J Yang B Jia J Yan J He Source Type: research

Evaluation of calcium silicate cement bond strength after using gutta-percha solvents
Conclusions: Gutta-percha solvents used during retreatment decreased the bond strength of Biodentine and CMTA to root dentin. The bond strength of WMTA was not affected by the use of gutta-percha solvents. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Bayram HM Bayram T Aslan H G & #246;kt & #252;rk Y Ust & #252;n Source Type: research

Prevalence and clinical characteristics of headaches among undergraduate students in three tertiary institutions in Ilorin, Nigeria
Conclusion: Headache is a common complaint among Nigerian undergraduate students and it limits the daily activity of majority of the sufferers. Students need proper education regarding treatment to alleviate their suffering and forestall complication, especially those associated with analgesic overuse. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: EO Sanya OO Desalu SA Aderibigbe PM Kolo AF Mustapha OA Adeyanju Source Type: research

Comparative evaluation of the efficacy of tricalcium phosphate, calcium sodium phosphosilicate, and casein phosphopeptide & #8211; amorphous calcium phosphate in reducing streptococcus mutans levels in saliva
Conclusions: Twice daily use of CPP-ACP with fluoride, CSP, and TCP caused a significant reduction in the levels of SM in saliva. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: V Samuel M Ramakrishnan HS Halawany NB Abraham V Jacob S Anil Source Type: research

Microarray analysis of the gene expression profile in triethylene glycol dimethacrylate-treated human dental pulp cells
Conclusions: Our results suggest that TEGDMA can change the many functions of hDPCs through large changes in gene expression levels and complex interactions with different signaling pathways. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: D Torun Z & #214; Torun K Demirkaya M Sarper MP El & #231;i F Avcu Source Type: research

Maternal and obstetric complications among HIV-infected women treated with highly active antiretroviral treatment at a Regional Hospital in Durban, South Africa
Conclusion: The initiation of HAART before pregnancy reduces the frequency of postpartum complications. However, compared to HIV-negative women, women receiving HAART prepregnancy remained at risk of infectious morbidity, had poor perinatal outcomes, and may also be at an increased risk of preeclampsia. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: HM Sebitloane J Moodley Source Type: research

Management of cleft lip and palate in Nigeria: A survey
Conclusion: Findings suggest an increase in the number of surgeons, but the training, scope, and standard of care remain relatively limited. Audit and assessment of the practice should also become points of emphasis. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 5, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: V Akinmoladun S Ademola A Olusanya Source Type: research

Axial length/corneal radius of curvature ratio and refractive status in an adult Nigerian population
Conclusion: This study has further confirmed that the AL remains a strong determinant of refraction, but a derived factor AL/CR accounts for more variation in final refractive status than AL in isolation. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: SA Badmus AI Ajaiyeoba BO Adegbehingbe OH Onakpoya AO Adeoye Source Type: research

Intrathecal ropivacaine in cesarean delivery
Conclusion: Ropivacaine administration produced rapid induction of anesthesia and satisfactory anesthesia level, ropivacaine 15 mg and 20 mg dosing regimens are satisfactory for spinal anesthesia. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: RY Ateser N Kayacan Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes after open locked intramedullary nailing of closed femoral shaft fractures for adult patients in a Nigerian Hospital
Conclusion: Open locked intramedullary nailing gives excellent clinical outcomes with high union and low complication rates in the management of closed femoral shaft fractures in adult patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: ON Salawu GH Ibraheem OM Babalola DM Kadir BA Ahmed SB Agaja A Olawepo AA Nasir Source Type: research

Predictors of Vitamin D deficiency in predialysis patients with stage 3 & #8211;5 chronic kidney diseases in Southern China
Conclusions: Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency are common in predialysis patients with Stage 3–5 CKD in Southern China. Female gender, hypoalbuminemia with serum albumin level <30.0 g/L, and severe damaged renal function with eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73 m2 are independent predictors of Vitamin D deficiency in predialysis patients with Stage 3–5 CKD. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Feng J Lv FT Huang PF Liang S Fu YC Zeng Y Tang AP Xu Source Type: research

Assessment of body perception, psychological distress, and subjective quality of life among obese and nonobese subjects in Turkey
Conclusions: Both health risks and social implications of obesity are important. Further studies are needed to ethically evaluate the psycho-social problems caused by obesity. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Son Source Type: research

Is hemorrhage the reason in crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever patients with neurological signs and symptomsa
Conclusion: As the presence of CNS signs is a bad prognostic indicator in CCHF, they should be investigated carefully. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: Fatma Akta & #351; Zafer & #214;zmen Ay & #351;eg & #252;l Altunka & #351; Eda Albayrak Fazilet Duygu Osman Demir Zeliha Cansel & #214;zmen Source Type: research

The Pattern of significant lesions found in computerized tomography scan of recurrent seizure patients at a center in Enugu, Nigeria
Conclusion: Computed tomography scan has a high diagnostic yield, especially in elderly patients with recurrent generalized seizures. Brain tumors, encephalomalacia, and HCP are most common causes of recurrent seizures in the adults. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: AB Ezeala-Adikaibe SC Ohaegbulam CA Ndubuisi Source Type: research

Pattern of maxillofacial surgical conditions in North Central Nigeria: A 5-year experience of an indigenous surgical mission
Conclusion: The spectrum of maxillofacial surgery from community-based data was associated with higher percentage of facial cleft as compared to hospital-based study that is associated with higher traumatic injury cases. High level of poverty, ignorance, and poor access to maxillofacial service have been identified as shortcomings in the management of the diseases. There is a need for pragmatic move to improve facility, training, enlightenment, and more funding of outreach programs. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: Seidu A Bello Timothy Osodin Ifeoluwa Oketade Alwel-Brown Ibikari Nosa Ighile Deborah J Enebong Paul Ekpa Source Type: research

Effect of different modes of erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser on shear bond strength to dentin
Conclusion: Using different modes (MSP and QSP) of Er:YAG laser for dentin surface treatment before application of total etch adhesives is still not an sufficient alternative compared to acid etching. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Kucukyilmaz MS Botsali E Korkut Y Sener T Sari Source Type: research

Intermittent testicular torsion
Conclusion: Horizontal lie of the testis is the most common cause of intermittent testicular torsion. The condition is more common on the left than the right testis and is predominantly unilateral. Intermittent testicular pain in the presence of abnormal testicular lie should warrant a diagnosis of intermittent testicular torsion. Early bilateral orchidopexy is efficacious. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: AO Obi Source Type: research

Diagnostic utility of alpha-fetoprotein and des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin in nigerians with hepatocellular carcinoma
Conclusion: HCC patients who are sero-positive for DCP and sero-negative for AFP have significantly higher levels of serum ALT; serum ALT levels may be of diagnostic importance in AFP-negative, HBV-related HCC patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: Akpakip Ikpong Ette DA Ndububa O Adekanle U Ekrikpo Source Type: research

Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries and associated factors among 8 to 12-years-old schoolchildren in Diyarbakir, Turkey
Conclusion: Socio-economic indicators and parents' level of education were not statistically significantly associated with the occurrence of traumatic dental injuries. Factors associated with increased risk of dental injuries in permanent teeth were age, gender, having an incisal overjet greater than 5mm and anterior open bite. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: EC T & #252;men & #304; Yavuz S Kaya E Uysal DS T & #252;men Y Ay G Ba & #351;aran & #214; Ad & #305;g & #252;zel Y De & #287;er M La & #231;in Source Type: research

A comparative study of the oral microbiome compositions of healthy postmenopausal, premenopausal, and prepubertal Nigerian females, using 16s rrna metagenomics methods
Conclusion: The study has revealed that bacteria with varying diversities colonized the subjects and it highlighted the importance of metagenomics in deciphering the oral bacterial compositions from females of different age groups. More studies are needed using metagenomics approach, to appreciate these bacterial organisms that are associated with health and disease in our environment. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: KC Anukam NR Agbakoba Source Type: research

Behavioural and anthropometric risk factors for diabetes mellitus among newly admitted undergraduates in a Nigerian University
Conclusion: Most of the participants are involved in healthy lifestyle. This has resulted in very low prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 DM among the group. It will be useful to follow up the group and note if they are able to maintain this trend since the risk of developing DM is known to increase with age. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: OA Adegoke BO Emma-Okon MK Fasanya AO Salawu AA Tomi-Olugbodi Source Type: research

Neutrophil lymphocyte ratio predicts postoperative pain after orthognathic surgery
Conclusions: Preoperatively measured NLR may help to predict postoperative analgesic demand in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery, and thus sufficient postoperative pain control can be achieved with various preventive treatments taken at the perioperative period such as preemptive analgesia, local anesthetic administration at the end of surgery, or early administration of analgesics. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: HC Turgut M Alkan MS Ata & #231; SK Altunda & #287; S Bozkaya B & #350;im & #351;ek B I & #351;ik M Arslan Source Type: research

The force required to fracture endodontically roots restored with various materials as intra-orifice barriers
Conclusions: Within the limitations of the present study, the use of nano-hybrid composite, short fiber-reinforced composite, bulk-fill flowable composite, and glass ionomer cement as an intra-orifice barrier may be useful in reinforcing roots. MTA placement (MTA Angelus or Micro Mega MTA) did not significantly increase the fracture resistance of endodontically treated roots compared to the control groups, however Biodentine did. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Yasa H Arslan B Yasa M Akcay M Alsancak H Hatirli Source Type: research

Role of trichloroacetic acid and gelfoam in closure of tympanic membrane perforations
Conclusions: Cautery and patching of tympanic membrane perforation may be considered as the first-line management in the small- to medium-sized perforations before attempting the surgical closure. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Singh M Kaur B Singh K Singh A Singh A Kaur Source Type: research

Color recovery effect of different bleaching systems on a discolored composite resin
Conclusion: Within the limitation of this in vitro study, the highest recovery effect was determined in office bleaching system among all bleaching systems. However, home and laser bleaching systems were determined as effective as office bleaching system. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: P Gul OT Harorl & #305; IB Ocal Z Ergin C Barutcigil Source Type: research

Subdural empyema: Clinical presentations and management options for an uncommon neurosurgical emergency in a developing country
Conclusion: BAAD is the near approximated option to standard craniotomy management in a limited resource facility and it has a very good clinical outcome. However, more studies are required to draw the final conclusion. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - December 1, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: MC Chikani W Mezue E Okorie C Mbachu C Ndubisi UN Chikani Source Type: research

Changes in periodontal and microbial parameters after the space maintainers application
Conclusion: Although, the results of this study demonstrate that the application of fixed or removable SM appliances in children induced an increase of clinical periodontal parameters, anaerobic microbiota consisting of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Tannerella forshia were not observed in any of the samples in short-term. Further long-term and comprehensive investigations are necessary. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Aydinbelge K Cantekin G Herdem H Simsek D Percin OM Parkan Source Type: research

Impact of oral antibiotics on health-related quality of life after mandibular third molar surgery: An observational study
Conclusion: There was a significant deterioration in OHRQoL in the immediate postoperative period, particularly postoperative days 1 and 3 following third molar surgery. QoL was also observed to be slightly better in Group A than Groups B and C, although this was not statistically significant. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: RO Braimah KC Ndukwe JF Owotade SB Aregbesola Source Type: research

Oral and dental health in children with chronic liver disease in the Turkey Northeast
Conclusion: Pediatric hepatologists must be aware of the dental problems in children with CLD. Enamel hypoplasia is common in children with CLD, and it may predispose to dental caries. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Baygin M Cak & #305;r N Ucuncu Source Type: research

Evaluation of digital model accuracy and time-dependent deformation of alginate impressions
Conclusions: This study showed that measurements on negative digital models offer a high degree of validity when compared to measurements on positive digital models and plaster models; differences between the techniques are clinically acceptable. Direct scanning of the impressions is practicable method for orthodontists. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: MG Cesur IK Omurlu T Ozer Source Type: research

Comparison of the EndoVac system and conventional needle irrigation on removal of the smear layer in primary molar root canals
Conclusions: EndoVac has better performance than conventional needle irrigation in the removal of the SR in the apical thirds of the primary molar root canals. As a final irrigation regimen, the OW + EDTA regimen is as effective as the NaOCl + EDTA regimen. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - October 26, 2017 Category: Rural Health Authors: B Buldur A Kapdan Source Type: research