Evaluation of Teeth Development in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Patients in Mixed Dentition by Using Medical Image Control Systems
Conclusion: In particular, among patients with cleft lip and palate, on obtaining a solid model of the tooth structure by using these programs, tooth development can be examined in more detail, diagnosis can be made more reliable, as well as in treatment planning. We believe that these programs can be used to resolve certain limitations such as a lack of an application to be used in routine dental treatment and in particular the need to do more study. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Gezgin MS Botsali Source Type: research

Knowledge and Practice of Standard Precautions by Health-Care Workers in a Tertiary Health Institution in Enugu, Nigeria
This study assessed the knowledge and practices of SP among HCWs in tertiary health-care facilities. Methods: This descriptive study was done in October 2014 among 629 HCWs at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu State. A pretested questionnaire was used and analysis done using SPSS version 13. Results: The HCWs studied were 629, mostly females (64.4%), married (62.3%), Christians (94%), and within 20–59 years. Majority were nurses (46.1%) working in the wards. Over 90% of respondents had heard of SP, mainly from formal training (62%). Over 70% could define SP, ...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: SU Arinze-Onyia AC Ndu EN Aguwa I Modebe UN Nwamoh Source Type: research

Clinical and Laboratory Features of Metformin Intoxication in Suicidal Patients Attending an Intensive Care Unit
Conclusion: The most important reason of the mortality in patients who has metformin intoxication is metformin-associated lactic acidosis (MALA). It was considered that hemodialysis therapy could be effective in MALA. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Cetinkaya D Avci A Erden O Akca O Ozer U Kalan AI Gunal Source Type: research

Sugammadex Improves Neuromuscular Function in Patients Receiving Perioperative Steroids
This study was undertaken to assess whether the clinical efficacy of sugammadex was altered by the administration of steroids. Setting and Design: Sixty patients between 18 and 60 years of age with the American Society of Anesthesiologists I–IV and undergoing elective direct laryngoscopy/biopsy were included in this study. Materials and Methods: Patients were assigned to two groups based on the intraoperative steroid use: those who received steroid (Group S) and who did not (Group C). After standard general anesthesia, patients were monitored with the train of four (TOF) monitoring. The preferred steroid and its dose...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: AB Ozer E Bolat OL Erhan M Kilinc I Demirel G Caglar Toprak Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Effect of Toothpastes Containing Fluoride, Xylitol, or Xylitol-Probiotic on Salivary Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus in Children
Conclusion: In the light of the data obtained in this in-vivo study, a new innovational aspect has been reached in the use of probiotics to ensure the balance between bacterial flora in the oral cavity. In daily routine, the administration of probiotics to children is difficult. The toothpaste can be used as a vehicle to transport probiotics to children's mouth. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: EA Maden C Altun B Ozmen F Basak Source Type: research

The Intraoral Ultrasonography in Dentistry
F Caglayan, IS BayrakdarNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2018 21(2):125-133 Ultrasonography (USG) is a diagnostic method that the ultrasonic image is created by ultrahigh-frequency sound waves, which have an acoustic frequency above the threshold of human hearing. Compared to other medical imaging methods, USG has several advantages of being real time, portable, inexpensive, radiation free, and noninvasive. In the medicine, most of the USG applications are transcutaneous. However, intraoral USG has been a relatively rare application, it has recently been drawing more interest. Intraoral USG is also used in dentistry ...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: F Caglayan IS Bayrakdar Source Type: research

Depression and posttraumatic stress disorder among road traffic accident victims managed in a tertiary hospital in Southern Nigeria: The methodological issue
R Ramazani, A Fayaz-Bakhsh, F Moradpor, M KhaledianNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2018 21(1):117-118 (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: R Ramazani A Fayaz-Bakhsh F Moradpor M Khaledian Source Type: research

The importance of early diagnosis of gardner & #39;s syndrome in dental examination
We report a 26-year-old male patient who referred to our department with toothache. On routine panoramic radiographic examination, multiple radiopaque masses were detected incidentally. In addition, on extraoral examination, a soft tissue tumor was detected on his shoulder. The patient was referred to the gastroenterology department and intestinal polyps were detected in the colon. Histopathology report revealed malignant changes in the intestinal polyps. Early colectomy, which is a life-saving operation, was possible because of our early diagnosis. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: MZ Adisen A Okkesim M Misirlioglu Source Type: research

Giant pericardial cyst with a growing feature
In this report, we present an extremely rare case of a symptomatic giant pericardial cyst (11.6 cm × 10.6 cm × 8 cm) of a 55-year-old male patient who was admitted to our cardiology clinic. A thoracic computed tomography (CT) in 2013 revealed a giant pericardial cyst. However, at that time, the patient was asymptomatic and follow-up was recommended. Recent thoracic CT and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a significantly growing feature of this cyst with impending possible complications. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: S & #199;etin G Heper MG Vural T Hazirolan F Tanrikulu E G & #252;lhan Source Type: research

Preoperative platelettolymphocyte ratio as a prognostic factor in geriatric patients with proximal femoral fractures
Conclusion: A high preoperative platelet to lymphocyte ratio may be associated with high risk of mortality in patients who were operated for proximal femoral fracture. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: H G & #246; & #231;er A & #199; & #305;rakl & #305; & #304; B & #252;y & #252;kceren M K & #305;l & #305; & #231; AS Gen & #231; N Dabak Source Type: research

Street drug use among emergency patients in a Public Hospital in Turkey
Conclusions: Self-reported SD users were mostly young males who were treated symptomatically and discharged. Almost one-third-mostly ecstasy and bonsai users-had depressed level of consciousness and required resuscitation. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: FT Caliskan I Toker R Toktas Z Temizyurek O Unek B Zirek O Karcioglu Source Type: research

Bonding strength of universal adhesives to Er,Cr:YSGG Laser-Irradiated Dentin
Conclusions: The influence of different application modes on dentin bond strength of universal adhesives was dependent on the adhesive material. Clinical Significance: For universal adhesives, laser etching may provide some benefits on bonds strength but this would depend on product. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: MK Ayar C Yesilyurt T Yildirim F Erdermir Source Type: research

Where we are in the fight against Hepatitis B Infection; Trends in Hepatitis B virus seroprevalence in Black Sea Region of Turkey
Conclusions: Therefore, a catch-up immunization program, education, and follow-up policy for these groups, in addition to routine infant immunization, will decrease the HBV infection rate, reducing morbidity and mortality rates, and will help to reduce hepatitis B transmission in Turkey. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: FA Igde H Taskin M Igde Z Yazici A Atilla Source Type: research

Fecal carriage of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase and ampc beta-lactamase-producing enterobacteriaceae in a turkish community
Conclusion: The relative high prevalence of fecal carriage of ESBL-producing bacteria in community warrants further study in this field including developing policies about antimicrobial use and close monitoring of resistance patterns. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: G Hazirolan I Mumcuoglu G Altan BB & #214;zmen N Aksu ZC Karahan Source Type: research

A comparative scanning electron microscopy evaluation of smear layer removal with chitosan and MTAD
Conclusion: Thus, from the result of present study, we may conclude that chitosan was more effective in smear layer removal than MTAD, especially in the apical third. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Zhou Q Li L Wei S Huang S Zhao Source Type: research

Effect of titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin treatment on the angiogenic biomarkers in gingival crevicular fluid in infrabony defects of patients with chronic periodontitis: A randomized controlled clinical trial
Conclusion: Application of T-PRF combined with allograft in infrabony defects of patients with chronic periodontitis had no significant effects on angiogenic biomarkers in GCF. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: HG Pirebas MK Hendek U Kisa M Yalim EO Erdemir Source Type: research

Association between the oxidative status, Vitamin D levels and respiratory function in asthmatic children
Conclusion: Oxidative stress correlates with the serum vitamin D concentrations. Clinical trials are required to confirm that increasing serum 25OHD may improve asthma control, as measured by clinical and oxidative stress markers. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Igde P Baran BG Oksuz S Topcuoglu G Karatekin Source Type: research

Vascular endothelial growth factor in pleural effusions and correlation with radiologic and biochemical parameters
Conclusions: The overlap of pleural VEGF levels between the groups may limit the value of VEGF in discriminating between malignant versus benign and exudative versus transudative effusions; however, it may be a useful adjunct to various methods. The VEGF levels in pleural fluid seem to be related to the degree of inflammation and pleural invasion. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Bayram Y Karakan M Uyar B Ozyurt A Filiz Source Type: research

A Prospective, randomized study comparing 7-day and 14-day quadruple therapies as first-line treatments for helicobacter pylori infection in patients with functional dyspepsia
Conclusions: Both the 7-day and 14-day first-line LACB therapies provided a high cure rate, were well tolerated, and were equally effective against H. pylori infection in Turkey. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Ya & #287;basan D & #214; Co & #351;kun & #214; & #214;zbakir K Deniz & #350; G & #252;rsoy M Y & #252;cesoy Source Type: research

Diagnostic role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in oral cavity cancers
Conclusions: NLR was first shown to be significantly elevated in oral cavity cancers and in oral cavity SCC in this study. In our opinion, NLR may be helpful in identifying the oral cavity lesions at high risk for harboring malignancy. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M D & #252;zl & #252; R Karamert H Tutar M & #350;ahin A T & #252;rkcan M Y & #305;lmaz Source Type: research

Gabapentin pretreatment for propofol and rocuronium injection pain: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
Conclusion: Premedication with 1200 mg gabapentin 2 hours before propofol and rocuronium injection reduced the incidence and severity of injection pain. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: MY & #199;ak & #305;rg & #246;z I Demirel E Duran AB & #214;zer UA T & #252;rkmen A Ersoy A Aksu V Hanc & #305; Source Type: research

Effect of a galactagogue herbal tea on breast milk production and prolactin secretion by mothers of preterm babies
Conclusions: In mothers with premature babies and who are treated in neonatal intensive care unit, consumption of galactogogue herbal tea will increase lactation and prevent lack of human milk without any adverse effect. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Ö zalkaya Z Aslando & #287;du A & #214;zkoral S Topcuo & #287;lu G Karatekin Source Type: research

Evaluation of Candida Albicans biofilm formation on various parts of implant material surfaces
Conclusions: This finding emphasizes implant treatment would be chosen complacency in patients who are prone to oral candidosis, medically compromised patients under immunosuppression, and patients with tumor who are being treated with chemotherapy or radiation. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: C G & #246;kmeno & #287;lu NB Kara M Beld & #252;z A Kamburo & #287;lu & #304; Tosun E Sadik C Kara Source Type: research

Gender differences and demographics and type of cardiac device over a 10-year period
Conclusions: The present study demonstrated that there was no significant difference between female and male patients in pacing mode selection, mostly VVI pacing mode was chosen; however, over a 10-year period pacemaker selection shifted from VVI to DDD pacemakers. Female patients had less ICD/CRT-D implantation than male patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Aktoz MF U & #231;ar MA Y & #305;lmaztepe G Taylan S Altay Source Type: research

Glucose pump test can be used to measure blood flow rate of native arteriovenous fistula in chronic hemodialysis
Conclusions: Glucose pump test can be used to measure blood flow rate of native AV fistula. GPT is an accurate and reliable test. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: YC Yavuz NY Selcuk L Alt & #305;ntepe I G & #252;ney S Yavuz Source Type: research

Evaluation of two different rapid maxillary expansion surgical techniques and their effects on the malar complex based on 3d cone-beam computed tomography
Conclusions: Progress in hard tissues did not reflect significant changes in soft tissue. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: P Aktop S Biren S Aktop M Motro C Delilbasi G Gurler G Dergin Source Type: research

Effect of color shading procedures and cyclic loading on the biaxial flexural strength of zirconia
Conclusions: Coloring procedures and cyclic loading did not affect the biaxial flexural strength of zirconia core material; however, microstructural analysis displays changes, which may weaken the zirconia structure on the long term. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: I Tuncel I Turp A Usumez Source Type: research

Evaluation of fractioned nitric oxide in chronic cough patients
Conclusion: Fractional exhaled NO measurement can be used as a quick and reliable diagnostic method in patients presenting with chronic cough due to its high positive predictive value, its practical nature, the fact that it is a noninvasive method and that it does not require the use of medication. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 6, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: Y Yildiz M Igde Source Type: research

Ligneous periodontitis in a child with plasminogen deficiency
U Ertas, N Saruhan, O GunhanNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(12):1656-1658 Ligneous periodontitis (LP), a rare periodontal disease, is seen secondary to plasminogen deficiency and fibrin deposition. It is characterized by nodular gingival enlargements and progressive destructive membranous periodontal disease. It generally ends with the early loss of teeth. Defective fibrinolysis and abnormal wound healing is the main pathogenesis of this rare disease and should be considered different from other mucosal systemic disorders. In this case report, we describe the management of ligneous periodontitis and ligneous...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: U Ertas N Saruhan O Gunhan Source Type: research

Bilateral simultaneous macular infarction with spontaneous visual recovery in genotype ss hemoglobinopathy patient
ON Okonkwo, AO Hassan, ME Gyasi, O OderinloNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2017 20(12):1651-1655 To report the rare and dramatic event of bilateral macular infarction in a sickle cell hemoglobinopathy (SS genotype) patient, resulting in bilateral severe reduction in visual acuity. Without any intervention, the patient's vision gradually improved over the follow-up period. Central visual field defects however persisted. A 21-year-old male Nigerian, presented with a 1-week history of bilateral sudden painless loss of vision. His symptom was associated with fever, feeling of heaviness in the chest and head, and a d...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: ON Okonkwo AO Hassan ME Gyasi O Oderinlo Source Type: research

Influence of blood contamination during multimode adhesive application on the microtensile bond strength to dentin
Conclusions: Neither decontamination method prevented the decrease in μTBS when contamination occurred after light curing. Drying the blood contaminants and reapplying the adhesive may regain the dentin adhesion when contamination occurs before light curing. Alternatively, rinsing and drying contaminants followed by adhesive re-application may be effective depending on adhesive type. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Kucukyilmaz EU Celik M Akcay B Yasa Source Type: research

Eyelash extension use among female students in a Tertiary Institution in Nigeria: A study of kaduna polytechnic, Kaduna
Conclusion: Eyelash extension use is popular among young female students of higher institutions commonly for esthetic reasons (often because they desire to become more beautiful). Majority of them experience one ocular symptom or the other. Attention should, therefore, be paid to the potential health risk of the procedure and its use should be made much safer for our women. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: ER Abah KK Oladigbolu AL Rafindadi O Audu Source Type: research

Normative and subjective need for orthodontic treatment within different age groups in a population in Turkey
Conclusion: The normative need distribution was homogeneous within all the age groups according to DHC. However, the subjective need for orthodontic treatment was higher in the younger age groups. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: RB Nur Yilmaz I Oktay D Ilhan E Fi & #351;ek & #231;io & #287;lu Fulya & #214;zdemir Source Type: research

The efficacy of hyaluronic acid in postextraction sockets of impacted third molars: A pilot study
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that HA can produce an analgesic action in postextraction sockets after surgical removal of impacted teeth and therefore it has a clinical benefit to reduce usage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs after dentoalveolar surgery. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Yilmaz N Demirtas HO Kazancioglu S Bayer AH Acar A Mihmanli Source Type: research

Ultrasound guided percutaneous nephrostomy: Experience at ahmadu bello university teaching hospital, Zaria
Conclusion: PCN is an important and common procedure for temporary relief of upper urinary tract obstruction. While fluoroscopic guidance provides superior image guidance, ultrasound guidance is comparatively reliable, albeit with a longer learning curve. Adequate training, careful patients selection, and patience are key to success. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Ahmed AT Lawal A Bello A Sudi M Awaisu S Muhammad N Oyelowo M Tolani BK Hamza HY Maitama Source Type: research

Cardiac Troponin T and creatine kinase MB fraction levels among patients with acute ischemic stroke in Nigeria
Conclusion: The mean values of serum cTnT and CK-MB were higher in acute ischaemic stroke patients compared to controls. Serum cardiac Troponin t level may be a significant biomarker of the severity of stroke. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: HM Suleiman IS Aliyu SA Abubakar MS Isa JM El-Bashir R Adamu MZ Ibrahim A Mohammed R Yusuf M Manu AB Dogara SK Mustapha N Bello SA Ozovehe Source Type: research

Evaluation of vertical marginal adaptation of provisional crowns by digital microscope
Conclusion: Marginal discrepancy of the group C (Success CD) was the lowest among the provisionals tested. The mean vertical marginal gap values for the materials tested were found to be with in the clinically acceptable range (<130 μm). (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: MQ Al Rifaiy Source Type: research

Evaluation and comparison of mineral trioxide aggregate and biodentine in primary tooth pulpotomy: Clinical and radiographic study
Conclusion: Biodentine showed similar clinical and radiographic results as MTA in the 12-month evaluation and can be safely used as a pulpotomy medicament. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Carti F Oznurhan Source Type: research

Heat-cured acrylic resin versus light-activated resin: a patient, professional and technician-based evaluation of mandibular implant-supported overdentures
Conclusions: Implant-supported overdentures constructed from a heat-cured acrylic resin showed superior aesthetics and had a better odor compared with those constructed from a light-cured resin. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: SA Asal HM Al-AlShiekh Source Type: research

Learning transurethral resection of the prostate: A comparison of the weight of resected specimen to the weight of enucleated specimen in open prostatectomy
Conclusion: With appropriate patient selection, especially as a newly trained Surgeon, resections in TURP are as complete as enucleations in ORP. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: II Nnabugwu FO Ugwumba EI Udeh OF Ozoemena Source Type: research

Postoperative analgesia using bupivacaine wound infiltration with intravenous tramadol or dexamethasone following obstetric spinal anaesthesia
Conclusion: Combination of bupivacaine wound infiltration and IV tramadol provided better quality pain relief. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: NP Edomwonyi MO Osazuwa OI Iribhogbe SE Esangbedo Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of complementary and alternative medicine use among cancer patients in usmanu danfodiyo university teaching hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
Conclusion: The prevalence of CAM use is high among cancer patients in UDUTH, Sokoto, Nigeria, but the physicians were largely unaware of CAM use due to communication gap. These findings underscore the need for physicians to consistently ask their patients on CAM use, while government should enact laws regulating CAM use in Nigeria. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: UM Aliyu KJ Awosan MO Oche AO Taiwo AO Jimoh EC Okuofo Source Type: research

Investigation of In vitro Mineral forming bacterial isolates from supragingival calculus
Conclusion: These findings proved that bacteria potentially play a role in the etiopathology of supragingival calculus. The association between the effects of the identified bacteria on periodontal diseases and calculus formation requires further studies. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Baris T Demir M Gulluce Source Type: research

Dentin permeability of carious primary teeth
Conclusion: The dentine permeability of carious primary teeth was higher than that of noncarious primary teeth. Therefore, treatment of primary teeth should be performed more quickly. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: KG Ulu G & #252;zel Z Kirzio & #287;lu S & #214;zkorucuklu Source Type: research

Incidence of postoperative residual paralysis in a nigerian teaching hospital
Conclusion: The incidence of PORP is quite high and undetected in our environment. Quantitative monitoring for residual paralysis is advocated as part of routine monitoring with the use of NMBDs for improved patient safety. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: AA Majekodunmi OA Ikotun OD Oladokun Source Type: research

Evaluation of apically extruded debris and irrigant using different file systems
Conclusion: Under the conditions of the study, all file systems were associated with apical debris and irrigant extrusion. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: B K & #252;t & #252;k KE Akp & #305;nar D Altunba & #351; Source Type: research

Evaluation of accessory mental foramina morphology with cone-beam computed tomography
Conclusion: AMF can be seen in the mandible one in every ten patients being single in most cases. Considering the high prevalence and present morphological features, AMF should be detected by CBCT before surgical operations, particularly in implant planning for the prevention of possible complications. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M G & #252;m & #252; & #351;ok ZZ Akarslan A Ba & #351;man & #214; & #220; & #231;ok Source Type: research

Risk factors for diabetes mellitus among adult residents of a rural District in Southern Nigeria: Implications for prevention and control
Conclusion: Study findings underscore the need for diabetes prevention and control activities that address the four major risk factors identified by WHO. These interventions will positively impact prevalence of diabetes and other NCDs. Intervention strategies should not only target urban populations but also focus on education and health promotion among rural populations in a bid to forestall rising prevalence of diabetes. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: GM Arugu O Maduka Source Type: research

Time interval to initiation of contraceptive methods following childbirth in a low-resource setting
Conclusions: Majority of women initiate contraception late after childbirth in this setting. Increased awareness on immediate/early postpartum contraception is required. Further qualitative studies will help to explore findings of this study. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: A Mohammed-Durosinlorun J Adze S Bature A Abubakar C Mohammed M Taingson A Ojabo Source Type: research

An evaluation of effects of platelet-rich-fibrin on postoperative morbidities after lower third molar surgery
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that PRF was not observed to have a positive effect on postoperative discomfort, so even though, PRF is presumed to have positive effects on healing and recovery processes. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - January 29, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: F Asutay & #220; Yolcu O Ge & #231; & #246;r AH Acar SA & #214;zt & #252;rk S Malko & #231; Source Type: research