Evaluation of root canal morphology of human primary mandibular second molars by using cone beam computed tomography
Conclusion: Various root canal types were observed in both mesial and distal roots although Type 4 was the most commonly observed. Root canal types showed a consistent relationship with separated and conical root shapes whereas the flat roots showed different root canal types. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: L Demiriz E Hazar Bodrumlu M Icen Source Type: research

Analysis of corneal astigmatism with NIDEK axial length scan in caucasian cataract surgery candidates
Conclusion: This study provides the distribution of astigmatism axis and power for cataract patients in age subsets from Turkey. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: R Duman R Duman E Cetinkaya MC Sabaner S Inan M Do & #287;an & #304; Do & #287;an Source Type: research

Hybrid contact lenses for visual management of patients after keratoplasty
Conclusion: The new-generation hybrid contact lenses can be considered helpful in the visual management of postcorneal graft patients, particularly who are unable to achieve an adequate visual outcome with spectacles. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: Y Altay O Balta A Burcu F Ornek Source Type: research

Factors associated with sarcopenia among older patients attending a geriatric clinic in Nigeria
Conclusion: Older people in this setting are at risk of developing sarcopenia, especially the females. Healthcare workers should address the social and health-related factors which could lead to sarcopenia. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: LA Adebusoye AM Ogunbode OO Olowookere SA Ajayi MM Ladipo Source Type: research

Risk factors for breast cancer among Indian women: A case & #8211;control study
Conclusions: Waist size and WHR are the major risk factors for carcinoma of breast. Adequate exercise and weight control are the most effective lifestyle changes that can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: MP Antony B Surakutty TA Vasu M Chisthi Source Type: research

Evaluation of oral health status and influential factors in children with autism
Conclusion: It appears that the oral status of children with autism is affected negatively by many factors. Thus, the parents, the educators, and the dentists should be aware of this fact and encouraged to improve such children's oral hygiene and provide the dental care they need. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Onol Z K & #305;rz & #305;o & #287;lu Source Type: research

Beliefs, perceptions, and views of pregnant women about cesarean section and reproductive decision-making in a specialist health facility in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria
Conclusions: Culture remains an impediment to CS uptake. Most women preferred joint decision-making on the mode of delivery. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: IV Ezeome JO Ezugworie PC Udealor Source Type: research

Evaluation of the fracture resistance of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing monolithic crowns prepared in different cement thicknesses
Conclusions: CAD/CAM monolithic crown materials affected fracture resistance. Cement thickness (30, 90, and 150 μm) was not effective on fracture resistance of CAD/CAM monolithic crowns. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Polat Sagsoz N Yan & #305;koglu Source Type: research

The neuroprotection effect of oxygen therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis
This study reviews the oxygen therapy (normobaric oxygen [NBO] and hyperbaric oxygen [HBO]) in both stroke and traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients and meta-analyzes the efficacy of two oxygen therapies in different kinds of injuries. In stroke patients, NBO showed significant improvement in reperfusion rate while there is no favorable outcome effect of HBO treatment. In patients with TBI, HBO showed significant improvement of Glasgow outcome scale score and reduction of overall mortality while NBO may play a favorable role in improving brain metabolism. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - April 2, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: Z Deng W Chen J Jin J Zhao H Xu Source Type: research

Laparoscopy in the management of lumboperitoneal shunt catheter in obese patients with pseudotumor cerebri
S Ozturk, H Cakin, K Karabulut, R Pasahan, M KaplanNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2018 21(3):397-400 Lumboperitoneal shunts are widely used for the treatment of patients diagnosed with pseudotumor cerebri (PTC). Obesity is a risk factor for PTC. In particular, catheter migration out of the abdominal cavity is more commonly observed in morbidly obese patients. The aim of this study was to discuss the underlying mechanisms of catheter migration and treatment modalities in morbidly obese patients with PTC. The present study included four morbidly obese patients. All cases had undergone the previous laparotomy for inse...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Ozturk H Cakin K Karabulut R Pasahan M Kaplan Source Type: research

Idiopathic multiple eruptive milia: Report of a case in a nigerian woman
We present the case of a 70-year-old Nigerian woman with idiopathic MEM. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Yahya Source Type: research

Pulmonary extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymph tissue: A case report and literature review
Y Wu, L Zhao, Y ChaiNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2018 21(3):392-394 Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymph tissue (MALT lymphoma) is a rare subtype of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma. Most primary MALT lymphoma occurs in the stomach, while lung is an uncommon site of MALT lymphoma. We herein report a case of MALT lymphoma in a 44-year-old female who underwent a pulmonary lobectomy and received rituximab plus CHOP chemotherapy regimen. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and a good prognosis without tumor recurrence for 3 years. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: Y Wu L Zhao Y Chai Source Type: research

Volar percutaneous screw fixation for scaphoid nonunion
Conclusion: Percutaneous fixation in appropriate patients provides satisfactory results with high union and minimal complication rates in scaphoid nonunions. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Gurger M Yilmaz E Yilmaz S Altun Source Type: research

In vitro Fracture strength and hardness of different computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing inlays
Conclusion: Fracture strength results demonstrate that inlays can withstand the forces in the mouth. Statistical results showed that fracture strength and micro-Vickers hardness of feldspathic ceramic, leucite-reinforced ceramic, and lithium disilicate ceramic materials had a positive correlation. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Sagsoz M Yildiz A S L Hojjat Ghahramanzadeh A Alsaran Source Type: research

Helicobacter pylori and precancerous lesions of the stomach in a Nigerian Metropolis: A Cohort Study
Conclusion: There is a low prevalence of H. pylori in this metropolitan population. Mandatory multiple topographically targeted biopsies, even with normal mucosal appearance, at gastroscopy in addition to surveillance of PCL are recommended for early detection of gastric cancer. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Ray-Offor CC Obiorah Source Type: research

Effect of adhesive resin cements on bond strength of ceramic core materials to dentin
Conclusion: The self-etch adhesive resin cements exhibited better shear bond strength than the self-adhesive resin cements, except for Panavia cement in the IPS e.max Press group. However, shear bond strengths of the self-adhesive resin cements were dependent on the nature of the ceramic core materials. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Gundogdu LI Aladag Source Type: research

Is medial calcar continuity necessary in plate osteosynthesis for proximal humerus fractures ?
Conclusion: When the surgical process has not damaged the soft tissue and sufficient stability has been achieved, providing calcar continuity is not an absolute condition. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: CZ Esenyel I Kalkar M Ada & #351; SS Dedeo & #287;lu CD B & #252;y & #252;kkurt H Cabuk AE Esenyel Source Type: research

A study on shotgun injuries to the craniomaxillofacial Region in a Nigerian Tertiary Health Center
Conclusion: Wounds sustained from close-range shotguns to the face were the most common in this environment. The outcome of treatment was satisfactory when treated with conservative debridement and early reconstruction. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: EB Edetanlen BD Saheeb Source Type: research

Effects of Postsurface Treatments Including Femtosecond Laser and Aluminum-oxide Airborne-particle Abrasion on the Bond Strength of the Fiber Posts
Conclusions: Based on the results, aluminum-oxide airborne-particle abrasion group showed higher and FS irradiation group showed lower bond strength values. Push-out bond strength values of the root segments were the same in all groups. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: AR Tuncdemir EB Buyukerkmen H Celebi A Terlemez Y Sener Source Type: research

Patient Self-reported quality of life assessment in Type 2 diabetes mellitus: A pilot study
Conclusion: The study highlights the impact of type 2 DM on QoL. Improving QoL of type 2 diabetic patients is important and knowledge of these preventable risk factors help to implement strategies to better management of type 2 DM and ultimately improve therapeutic outcome. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: HR PrasannaKumar MG Mahesh VB Menon KM Srinath KC Shashidhara P Ashok Source Type: research

The evaluation of stress patterns in porcelain laminate veneers with different restoration designs and loading angles induced by functional loads: A three-dimensional finite element analysis study
Conclusion: Both the preparation design and load angle affected the stress distribution on the PLVs. The incisal bevel preparation design provided a more appropriate geometry for stress distribution compared with the other techniques. Lateral forces produced more stress on the tooth and laminate material than vertical forces. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: O Ustun AN Ozturk Source Type: research

Nonspecific abdominal pain: A follow-up survey
Conclusions: Certain specific underlying entities can be missed in patients considered to have NSAP and discharged from the ED. Adherence to timely follow-up and repeated examinations are of vital importance in these patients. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: N Koyuncu O Karcioglu S Sener Source Type: research

Dentists knowledge of lipid treatment of local anaesthetic systemic toxicity
Conclusion: Dentists and all facilities using LA must be aware of LAST, and knowledge of lipid treatment must be increased by education. Twenty percent lipid solutions must be kept handy in their offices by dentists. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: G Oksuz A Urfalioglu T Sekmen N Akkececi N Alpay B Bilal Source Type: research

Dentists & #39; Attitudes and perceptions toward protective mouthguards
Conclusion: It is not a routine practice currently, among general dentists and specialists alike, in our country, to prescribe a mouthguard. It is time that the dental fraternity spread awareness for the prevention of injuries. A relook into the academic curriculum while advocating the use of customized mouthguards to patients due to contact sports is required. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Raghavan P Dayal K Philip MS Gahlot Source Type: research

Is there A Relationship between route of delivery, perinatal characteristics, and neonatal outcome in preterm birth ?
Conclusion: Advanced age pregnancies have higher C/S rates, but Apgar scores are significantly correlated with infant characteristics. Umbilical cord length and placental weight might be the new add-on predictors of postpartum well-being in premature infants. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: ZN Dolgun C Inan AS Altintas SB Okten C Karadag NC Sayin Source Type: research

The In vitro Evaluation of the effect of xyliwhite, probiotic, and the conventional toothpastes on the enamel roughness and microhardness
Conclusions: As a result, Colgate MaxFresh abrasive-free toothpaste with fluoride has no effect on permanent tooth enamel surface roughness and microhardness. Xyliwhite, Periobiotic, and Ipana White Power Carbonate-containing abrasive toothpastes led to changes negatively on permanent tooth enamel surface roughness and microhardness. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Arat Maden C Altun G Guven Polat F Basak Source Type: research

Health of periodontal tissues and resorption status after orthodontic treatment of impacted maxillary canines
Conclusions: Incisor root resorption associated with impacted canine teeth showed signs of repair after orthodontic treatment. Slight differences related to periodontal health were found between the previously impacted teeth and contralateral canine teeth. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: AZ Oz S Ciger Source Type: research

E-learning readiness from perspectives of medical students: A survey in Nigeria
Conclusions: Medical students in this environment are ready to advance to E-learning. Predicted by their attitude, content, technological and cultural readiness. Further study with qualitative methodology will help in preparing for this evolution in learning. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: IE Obi AN Charles-Okoli CC Agunwa BI Omotowo AC Ndu OR Agwu-Umahi Source Type: research

The efficiency of different irrigation solutions and techniques for the removal of triple antibiotic paste from simulated immature root canals
Conclusion: The use of irrigation systems improved the removal of TAP from the simulated immature root canals. Also, as an irrigation solution EDTA gives more promising results than PAA and HEBP solutions. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: Y Ustun S D & #252;zg & #252;n T Aslan A Akt & #305; Source Type: research

The effect of endodontic irrigants on the microtensile bond strength of different dentin adhesives
Conclusion: Different irrigants had several effects on bonding of different adhesives. Sodium ascorbate after NaOCl could restore compromised bond strengths. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: B Dikmen B Tarim Source Type: research

Are roadside petrol dispensers at risk of oxidative stress ? a study from gombe, North East Nigeria
Conclusion: Our data have demonstrated higher level of oxidative stress in roadside dispensers of gasoline compared to the controls. This is an indication that roadside gasoline dispensers are probably at greater risk of developing chronic diseases associated with increased oxidative stress. Antioxidant supplementation may be of benefit to the roadside gasoline dispensers. Legislation on roadside gasoline dispensing should be enforced to reduce the incidence of long-term complications from repeated exposures. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Adamu OM Akinosun FM Abbiyesuku MA O Kuti Jibril M El-Bashir JD Abubakar Source Type: research

Relationship between salivary calprotectin levels and recurrent aphthous stomatitis: A preliminary study
Conclusion: RAS is a very common inflammatory ulcerative condition of the oral cavity and its etiology is uncertain. Regarded as an inflammatory mechanism, releasing a high level of calprotectin in saliva has been suggested that it may play a role in pathogenesis of RAS. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Koray B Atalay S Akgul FS Oguz G Mumcu A Saruhanoglu Source Type: research

Turkish health field periodical editors & #39; Views on publication process and ethical problems
Conclusion: some editors were found to encounter violation of publication ethics, to experience problems in the revision stage, and not to feel fully independent in their contribution to article publication and thus the improvement of the journal quality. Identification of journal editors' views and problems is an important step for the solution to these problems; it could thus contribute to improving the quality of publication process and journal quality. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Pars R Ak & #305;n NE Sahin S Cinar F Aslan S Duygulu Source Type: research

Accuracy of the demirjian, willems and cameriere methods of estimating dental age on turkish children
Conclusion: In conclusion, this study indicated that WM determines DA satisfactorily in a Turkish subpopulation. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - March 9, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: BK Apaydin F Yasar Source Type: research

Surgical Management of a Bilateral Bifid Condyle: Diagnosis, Three-dimensional Reconstruction, and Treatment & #8211; A Report of a Case and Review of the Literature
H Ulutürk, E Yücel, B Okur, O Akinci, MS AtacNigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 2018 21(2):251-255 Bifid condyle is a rare entity with a difficult diagnosis and usually identified as an incidental finding on routine radiographic examination. The etiology is not well known, possible causes may be developmental, traumatic, vascular, abnormal muscle pulling, nutritional, endocrinal, teratogenic, and infections. The orientation of the condylar heads can behelpful for the etiological diagnosis.This case report describes a 56-year-old woman who suffered from a unilateral, progressively increasing, radiating pain wh...
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Ulut & #252;rk E Y & #252;cel B Okur O Akinci MS Atac Source Type: research

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in the Emergency Service
This study involves a 38-year-old female patient who had hypertension, used immunosuppressive drugs and was also found to have nephropathy. After 3 months of treatment for PRES, the patient's symptoms had declined. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M Yigit E Yigit KA Turkdogan Source Type: research

Microleakage of Different Adhesive Systems in Primary Molars Prepared by Er: YAG Laser or bur
Conclusion: Self-etch bonding systems and cavity preparation with Er:YAG laser may be an alternative to conventional restoration of primary molars with compomers. Further studies are warranted to fully elucidate the effect of laser-based etching techniques in cavities prepared by laser. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: IO Kalyoncu F Eren-Giray N Huroglu E Egil I Tanboga Source Type: research

Evaluation of Brain Volume Changes by Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Conclusions: The findings of our study indicated that even if severe, no structural changes occur in the course of mild, moderate, and severe OSAS. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: SB & #214;zt & #252;rk AB & #214;zt & #252;rk G Soker M Parlak Source Type: research

Cyclic Fatigue Resistance of Novel Rotary Files Manufactured from Different Thermal Treated Nickel & #8211;Titanium Wires in Artificial Canals
Conclusions: CM-Wire alloy represented the best performance in cyclic fatigue resistance, and NiTi alloy in R-Phase had the second highest fatigue resistance. CM and R-Phase manufacturing technology processed to the conventional NiTi alloy enhance the cyclic fatigue resistance of files that have similar design and size. M-wire alloy did not show any superiority in cyclic fatigue resistance when compared with conventional NiTi wire. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: E Karata & #351;l & #305;oglu U Ayd & #305;n C Y & #305;ld & #305;r & #305;m Source Type: research

Efficiency of Lasers and a Desensitizer Agent on Dentin Hypersensitivity Treatment: A Clinical Study
Conclusions: This clinical study shows that the Er,Cr:YSGG laser have promising potential for the treatment of DH. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: K Ozlem GM Esad A Ayse U Aslihan Source Type: research

Beneficial Therapeutic Effects of Sildenafil on Bone Healing in Animals Treated with Bisphosphonate
Conclusions: Sildenafil may have positive effects on accelerating and improving fracture healing, and it may be used as a supporting factor in bone healing in patients treated with bisphosphonate (BP) to prevent negative effects of BP's (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: C Bereket I Sener N Cakir- & #214;zkan ME & #214;nger AV Polat Source Type: research

The Role of Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Differential Diagnosis of Simple and Hydatid Cysts of the Liver
Conclusion: Although in our study we cannot differentiate between type I hydatid cysts and simple cysts in the liver, diffusion-weighted images are very useful to differentiate different types of hydatid cysts from simple cysts using the ADC values. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: S Aksoy I Erdil E Hocaoglu E Inci GT Adas O Kemik R Turkay Source Type: research

Effects of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Neurosensory Deficits on Quality of Life
Conclusion: It was concluded that the patients with the neurosensory deficit of the IAN have a poorer quality of life than those without neurosensory deficits. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: M & #199;ak & #305;r & #304; R Karaca E Peker F & #214;g & #252;tl & #252; Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Effect of Platelet-Rich Fibrin on the Alveolar Osteitis Incidence and Periodontal Probing Depth after Extracting Partially Erupted Mandibular Third Molars Extraction
Conclusions: PRF significantly reduced the AO incidence among smokers and had a positive effect on postoperative pain levels but not on periodontal healing. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Unsal GN H Erbasar Source Type: research

Evaluation of the School Environment of Public and Private Schools in Enugu to Ensure Child Health Promotion
Conclusion: The environment of primary schools in Enugu east, Nigeria, is unhealthy and unfriendly and currently cannot promote and protect the health of the schoolchildren. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: AI Bisi-Onyemaechi NA Akani AN Ikefuna BN Tagbo JM Chinawa Source Type: research

Erythropoietic Response to Anaemia of Dialysis Na & #239;ve Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease in Zaria, North-West Nigeria
Conclusion: In contrast to some existing literature, this study has demonstrated that EPO resistance and iron deficiency contributes to anemia in CKD and serum ferritin can be used to assess the iron level of dialysis naïve CKD patients at every stage of the disease. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: LG Dogara A Hassan S Awwalu L Okpetu AD Waziri AA Babadoko IB Bosan HM Muktar Source Type: research

Nasotracheal Intubation in Children for Outpatient Dental Surgery: Is Fiberoptic Bronchoscopy Useful ?
Conclusions: There are fewer hemodynamic responses and adverse events in the FOB group than in the DLS group; therefore, FOB can be safely used for NTI in children undergoing outpatient dental surgery, and FOB may be more successful than DLS for NTI. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: AS Ozkan S Akbas Source Type: research

Resistance Pattern and Detection of Metallo-beta-lactamase Genes in Clinical Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a Central Nigeria Tertiary Hospital
Conclusion: The prevalence of MBL-producing strains of P. aeruginosa which poses serious challenge for therapeutics and infection control is currently low in Abuja, North Central, Nigeria. Therefore, rational use of the carbapenems and other antipseudomonal antibiotics, regular surveillance and adequate infection control measures should be instituted to limit further spread. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: KO Zubair KC Iregbu Source Type: research

Antibacterial Effect of Surface Pretreatment Techniques against Streptococcus Mutans
Conclusions: As an alternative device with photodynamic effects, Er:YAG and KTP laser irradiations and their further combinations during the cavity pretreatment procedure with chlorhexidine and ozone treatments exerted antibacterial effect against S. mutans, whereas chlorhexidine and antibacterial dentin bonding application solely have the highest antibacterial effects. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: HS Sancakli SH Siso SO Yildiz YB G & #246;k & #231;e Source Type: research

The Effect on Survival and Mortality of the Highest SUVmax Value on Metastatic Foci in Postoperative Kidney Tumors
Conclusions: In the present study, it was concluded that the higher the SUVmax value the shorter the survival time. The survival time of patients with metastasis was shorter, and this could be estimated through the measured SUVmax values. (Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice)
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - February 21, 2018 Category: Rural Health Authors: H Komek S Altindag C Can N Aguloglu H Morcali F Kepenek H Karaoglan Source Type: research