Names and their meanings: A dual-process account of proper-name encoding and retrieval
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Thomas O’Rourke, Ruth de Diego BalaguerAbstractThe ability to pick out a unique entity with a proper name is an important component of human language. It has been a primary focus of research in the philosophy of language since the nineteenth century. Brain-based evidence has shed new light on this capacity, and an extensive literature indicates the involvement of distinct fronto-temporal and temporo-occipito-parietal association cortices in proper-name retrieval. However, comparatively few efforts have sought...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Characterising the structure of cognitive heterogeneity in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. A systematic review and narrative synthesis
Publication date: December 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 107Author(s): Sean P. Carruthers, Tamsyn E. Van Rheenen, Caroline Gurvich, Philip J. Sumner, Susan L. RossellAbstractThe aim of the present review was to systematically summarise our current understanding of the structure of the cognitive heterogeneity that exists within schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD). Fifty-two relevant studies were identified from January 1980 to March 2019 that investigated cognitive subgroups within SSD. Twenty-five studies employed classification criteria based on current neuropsychological function, 14 st...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Moral Motivation and the Basal Forebrain
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Roland Zahn, Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza, Jorge MollAbstractMoral motivations drive humans to sacrifice selfish needs to serve the needs of others and internalized sociocultural norms. Over the past two decades, several brain regions have been associated with different aspects of moral cognition and behaviour. Only more recently, however, investigations have highlighted the importance of the basal forebrain for moral motivation. This includes the septo-hypothalamic region, implicated in kinship bonding across mammal ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 14, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Neural correlates of social cognition in populations at risk of psychosis: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): P. Kozhuharova, F. Saviola, U. Ettinger, P. AllenAbstractSocial cognition refers to the mental operations governing social interactions. Recent research has highlighted the importance of social cognition in determining functional outcome in patients with schizophrenia and in psychosis risk populations. The aim of this review is to investigate the neural correlates of social cognition in different psychosis risk populations, potentially representing different levels of risk i.e. high schizotypy (SR), familial risk (...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 14, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Neurocognitive consequences of chronic cannabis use: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Pedro Rafael Figueiredo, Serenella Tolomeo, J. Douglas Steele, Alexander BaldacchinoABSTRACTCannabis is currently the most used illicit substance in the world with a global widespread distribution. Although its acute neurocognitive effects on human behaviour have been reported, there is a lack of robust analysis investigating the link, if any, between chronic cannabis use and neurocognitive function. A systematic review of the literature was conducted in order to identify relevant studies published from 2010 to 2019...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 11, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Is autonomic nervous system function atypical in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)? A systematic review of the evidence
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Alessio Bellato, Iti Arora, Chris Hollis, Madeleine J. GroomAbstractAlthough arousal mechanisms have frequently been found to be atypical in ADHD, these findings usually emerged from indirect behavioural measures which give only a limited understanding of arousal dysregulation in this condition. To assess the hypothesis that functioning of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), one component of arousal, is atypical in ADHD, we carried out a systematic review of the literature on 55 studies investigating electro-dermal...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 11, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Opposite-sex and same-sex twin studies of physiological, cognitive and behavioral traits
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Linda Juel Ahrenfeldt, Kaare Christensen, Nancy L. Segal, Yoon-Mi HurAbstractA scientific interest in opposite-sex (OS) twins comes from animal studies showing hormone transfer between fetuses in utero. A parallel effect in humans may occur, especially for OS females who may be exposed to androgens, in particular testosterone, from the male co-twin. Conversely, OS males may be exposed to lower levels of prenatal testosterone than do same-sex (SS) males. In this special issue, we reviewed published studies investigat...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 9, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Cardiovascular effects of prenatal stress—Are there implications for cerebrovascular, cognitive and mental health outcome?
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Julia J. Müller, Iwa Antonow-Schlorke, Nasim Kroegel, Sven Rupprecht, Florian Rakers, Otto W. Witte, Matthias SchwabAbstractPrenatal stress programs offspring cognitive and mental health outcome. We reviewed whether prenatal stress also programs cardiovascular dysfunction which potentially modulates cerebrovascular, cognitive and mental health disorders. We focused on maternal stress and prenatal glucocorticoid (GC) exposure which have different programming effects. While maternal stress induced cortisol is mos...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 9, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Cumulative evidence for association of parental diabetes mellitus and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Yan Zeng, Ying Tang, Yan Yue, Wenxing Li, Xia Qiu, Peng Hu, Jun Tang, Huiqing Wang, Xiaoyan Yang, Yi Qu, Dezhi MuAbstractWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the association between parental diabetes mellitus and the risk of ADHD in offspring. The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to May 31, 2019. Thirteen observational studies containing 5,052,736 participants were included. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the qualit...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 9, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in adults with Down syndrome: causes and consequences. Is it a "chicken and egg" question?
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Léa Dumortier, Véronique-Aurélie BricoutAbstractIndividuals with Down syndrome present many clinical characteristics, such as metabolic, endocrine, anatomic and neurologic dysfunctions, that contribute to the physiopathology of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). As a result, sleep apnea prevalence is significantly greater in population with Down syndrome, and may have critical consequences on health and quality of life, such as cardiovascular risks and obesity.This paper compiles a list of...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 9, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Microglial memory of early life stress and inflammation: susceptibility to neurodegeneration in adulthood
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Paula Desplats, Ashley M. Gutierrez, Marta C. Antonelli, Martin G. FraschAbstractWe review evidence supporting the role of early life programming in the susceptibility for adult neurodegenerative diseases while highlighting questions and proposing avenues for future research to advance our understanding of this fundamental process. The key elements of this phenomenon are chronic stress, neuroinflammation triggering microglial polarization, microglial memory and their connection to neurodegeneration. We review the me...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 6, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The Duality of Human Cognition: Operations and Intentionality in Mental Life and Illness
Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): R. Walter HeinrichsAbstractWhat people think about, the intentional aspect of cognition, is distinguished from its operational aspect, or how proficiently they think. Many psychiatric disorders as well as social problems like racism, are defined largely by specified thought contents, whereas neurological disorders including dementia are defined by low proficiency. Intentionality contrasts with operational cognition in resisting objectification and in being expressed primarily in verbal narratives and subjective self...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 6, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The neurophysiological basis of compassion: An fMRI meta-analysis of compassion and its related neural processes
Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jeffrey J. Kim, Ross Cunnington, James N. KirbyAbstractTheoretical and neurophysiological investigations into compassion are burgeoning, yet the putative neural mechanisms which underpin such processes are less well understood. Therefore, we have conducted an Activation-Likelihood Estimate based meta-analysis in order to ascertain the shared neural processes consistently identified as relevant to compassion. Our analysis of sixteen fMRI studies revealed activation across seven broad regions, with the largest peaks l...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Influence of Cognitive Reserve in Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review
ConclusionOur findings suggest that higher CR delays the clinical diagnosis threshold and severity of the symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. However, effect of singular sociobehavioral measures on clinical expression and benefits of intervention program need further investigation. (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 3, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Psychosocial Factors and Perceived Tremor Disability in Essential Tremor
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Karthick Thangavelu, Andrew C. Talk, Gavin I. Clark, Nadeeka N.W. DissanayakaAbstractGrowing evidence suggests that patients with essential tremor (ET) show impairment in psychosocial functions and subsequently increasing vulnerability to anxiety. Here we review evidence supporting a positive relationship between self-reported motor disability and psychological symptoms in ET and critically analyze evidence suggesting how psychosocial factors enhance tremor disability in ET. Theories related to motor competency, beh...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Impact of copy number variation on human neurocognitive deficits and congenital heart defects: a systematic review
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Katrina Savory, Susruta Manivannan, Malik Zaben, Orhan Uzun, Yasir Ahmed SyedAbstractCopy number variant (CNV) syndromes are often associated with both neurocognitive deficits (NCDs) and congenital heart defects (CHDs). Children and adults with cardiac developmental defects likely to have NCDs leading to increased risk of hospitalisation and reduce independence. To date, the association between these two phenotypes have not been explored in relation to CNV syndromes. In order to address this question, we systematica...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A meta-analytic review of prospection deficits in Parkinson’s disease
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Sarah P. Coundouris, Gill Terrett, Liisa Laakso, Daniel Schweitzer, Anthony Kneebone, Peter G. Rendell, Julie D. HenryAbstractParkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders, and is associated with prominent motor deficits. However, neurocognitive impairment is also a common clinical feature that can contribute greatly to the overall disease burden. In the current study, a meta-analysis was conducted to gain a clearer understanding of how PD affects one of the most functionally i...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - November 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Evidence for incentive salience sensitization as a pathway to alcohol use disorder
Publication date: Available online 28 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Roberto U. Cofresí, Bruce D. Bartholow, Thomas M. PiaseckiAbstractCofresí, R. C., B. D. Bartholow and T. M. Piasecki. Evidence for incentive salience sensitization as a pathway to alcohol use disorder. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV 21(1) XXX-XXX, 1998. – The incentive salience sensitization (ISS) theory of addiction holds that addictive behavior stems from the ability of drugs to progressively sensitize the brain circuitry that mediates attribution of incentive salience (IS) to reward-predictive cues and...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The sensory-deprived brain as a unique tool to understand brain development and function
Publication date: Available online 28 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Emiliano Ricciardi, Davide Bottari, Maurice Ptito, Brigitte Röder, Pietro Pietrini (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Stress-Induced Plasticity and Functioning of Ventral Tegmental Dopamine Neurons
Publication date: Available online 27 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Erik H. Douma, E. Ronald de KloetAbstractThe ventral tegmental area dopamine (VTA-DA) mesolimbic circuit processes emotional, motivational, and social reward associations together with their more demanding cognitive aspects that involve the mesocortical circuitry. Coping with stress increases VTA-DA excitability, but when the stressor becomes chronic the VTA-DA circuit is less active, which may lead to degeneration and local microglial activation. This switch between activation and inhibition of VTA-DA neurons is mo...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 28, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Neuroplasticity in Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI): Assessing Functional Vision and the Neurophysiological Correlates of Dorsal Stream Dysfunction
Publication date: Available online 23 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Christopher R. Bennett, Corinna M. Bauer, Emma S. Bailin, Lotfi B. MerabetAbstractCerebral visual impairment (CVI) results from perinatal injury to visual processing structures and pathways and is the most common individual cause of pediatric visual impairment and blindness in developed countries. While there is mounting evidence demonstrating extensive neuroplastic reorganization in early onset, profound ocular blindness, how the brain reorganizes in the setting of congenital damage to cerebral (i.e. retro-genicula...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 24, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Chronic oxytocin administration as a tool for investigation and treatment: A cross-disciplinary systematic review
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Marilyn Horta, Kathryn Kaylor, David Feifel, Natalie C. EbnerAbstractOxytocin (OT) subserves various physiological, behavioral, and cognitive processes. This paired with the ability to administer OT with minimal and inconsistent side effects has spurred research to explore its therapeutic potential. Findings from single-dose studies indicate that OT administration may be beneficial, at least under certain circumstances. The state of the field, however, is less clear regarding effects from chronic OT administration, ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 22, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Revealing the optimal thresholds for movement performance: A systematic review and meta-analysis to benchmark pathological walking behaviour
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Deepak K. Ravi, Michelle Gwerder, Niklas König Ignasiak, Christian R. Baumann, Mechtild Uhl, Jaap H. van Dieën, William R. Taylor, Navrag B. SinghAbstractIn order to address whether increased levels of movement output variability indicate pathological performance, we systematically reviewed and synthesized meta-analysis data on healthy and pathological motor behavior. After screening up to 24’000 reports from four databases, 85 studies were included containing 2409 patients and 2523 healthy asymptoma...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 21, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Can we ‘seize’ the gut microbiota to treat epilepsy?
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Carmen De Caro, Luigi Francesco Iannone, Rita Citraro, Pasquale Striano, Giovambattista De Sarro, Andrew Constanti, John F. Cryan, Emilio RussoAbstractThe gut-microbiota, the complex intestinal microbial ecosystem essential to health, is an emerging concept in medicine. Several studies demonstrate a microbiota-gut-brain bidirectional connection via neural, endocrine, metabolic and immune pathways. Accordingly, the gut microbiota has a crucial role in modulating intestinal permeability, to alter local/peripheral immu...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 16, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Structural and functional brain reorganisation due to blindness: the special case of bilateral congenital anophthalmia
We describe the functional reorganisation and associated structural and connectivity changes that occur in the brain of those affected by the condition. By considering animal models of this condition, we investigate the changes that may be occurring on a scale that is not captured by human in vivo imaging techniques. Finally, we lay out a model pathway for taking auditory information to the occipital cortex that may be specific to anophthalmia. (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 16, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The interaction between stress and chronic pain through the lens of threat learning
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Inge Timmers, Conny W.E.M. Quaedflieg, Connie Hsu, Lauren C. Heathcote, Cynthia R. Rovnaghi, Laura E. SimonsAbstractStress and pain are interleaved at multiple levels - interacting and influencing each other. Both are modulated by psychosocial factors including fears, beliefs, and goals, and are served by overlapping neural substrates. One major contributing factor in the development and maintenance of chronic pain is threat learning, with pain as an emotionally-salient threat – or stressor. Here, we argue tha...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The Sensitivity to Threat and Affiliative Reward (STAR) Model and the Development of Callous-Unemotional Traits
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Rebecca Waller, Nicholas WagnerAbstractResearch implicates callous-unemotional (CU) traits (i.e., lack of empathy, prosociality, and guilt, and reduced sensitivity to others’ emotions) in the development of severe and persistent antisocial behavior. To improve etiological models of antisocial behavior and develop more effective treatments, we need a better understanding of the origins of CU traits. In this review, we discuss the role of two psychobiological and mechanistic precursors to CU traits: low affiliat...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Eye tracking correlates of acute alcohol consumption: A systematic and critical review
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Pierre Maurage, Nicolas Masson, Zoé Bollen, Fabien D’HondtAbstractEye tracking has emerged as a reliable neuroscience tool indexing the eye movements’ correlates of impairments resulting from alcohol-use disorders, ranging from perceptive abilities to high-level cognitive functions. This systematic review, following PRISMA guidelines, encompasses all human studies using eye tracking in participants presenting acute alcohol consumption. A literature search was conducted in PsycINFO, PubMed and Scop...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 13, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Affective Touch: a Meta-Analysis on Sex Differences
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Valentina Russo, Cristina Ottaviani, Grazia Fernanda SpitoniAbstractThe unmyelinated C-tactile afferents system holds a hedonic function in touch experiences, shaping social functioning in the so-called affective touch hypothesis. Despite the fact that females are recognized as more sensitive to discriminative aspects of touch and respond more positively to touch than men, sex differences in the perception of affective touch have not been extensively investigated. We aimed to fill this gap by meta-analyzing existing...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 13, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

General anesthetic neurotoxicity in the young: Mechanism and prevention
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Chao Ji, Qiang Ni, Wurong Chen, Zeyong Yang, Daqing MaAbstractGeneral anesthesia (GA) is usually considered to safely induce a reversible unconscious state allowing surgery to be performed without pain. A growing number of studies, in particular pre-clinical studies, however, demonstrate that general anesthetics can cause neuronal death and even long-term neurological deficits. Herein, we report our literature review and meta-analysis data of the neurological outcomes after anesthesia in the young. We also review av...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 12, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Neural bases of Impulse Control Disorders in Parkinson’s disease: a systematic review and an ALE meta-analysis
In conclusion, the present study strongly supported that ICD in PD are related to a dysfunction of limbic divisions of the striatum and of the prefrontal cortex and provided a neurofunctional basis for devising potential therapeutic interventions. (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Physical activity and depression: Towards understanding the antidepressant mechanisms of physical activity
Publication date: Available online 2 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Aaron Kandola, Garcia Ashdown-Franks, Joshua Hendrikse, Catherine M. Sabiston, Brendon StubbsAbstractPhysical activity can treat and prevent depressive symptoms, but its antidepressant mechanisms are yet to be established. In this review, we comprehensively assess key biological and psychosocial mechanisms through which physical activity exerts antidepressant effects, with a particular focus on exercise.Exercise, a subset of physical activity, influences a range of biological and psychosocial processes also implicate...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 3, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Interpersonal difficulties in obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis to inform a rejection sensitivity-based model
Publication date: Available online 1 October 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Gaia Albano, Katie Rowlands, Luigi Baciadonna, Gianluca Lo Coco, Valentina CardiAbstractObesity is associated with difficulties due to stigma and loneliness. These impact negatively on individuals’ quality of life and behaviour change efforts. Increased sensitivity to others’ negative feedback might play a role in the maintenance of these difficulties and could be addressed in psychological interventions. We conducted a systematic review of interpersonal difficulties in individuals with obesity, across th...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

How does cannabidiol (CBD) influence the acute effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in humans? A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Abigail M. Freeman, Katherine Petrilli, Rachel Lees, Chandni Hindocha, Claire Mokrysz, H. Valerie Curran, Rob Saunders, Tom P. FreemanAbstractThe recent liberalisation of cannabis regulation has increased public and scientific debate about its potential benefits and risks. A key focus has been the extent to which cannabidiol (CBD) might influence the acute effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), but this has never been reviewed systematically. In this systematic review of how CBD influences the acute effect...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - October 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Mechanisms of action of the ketogenic diet in depression
Publication date: Available online 27 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Adam Włodarczyk, Wiesław Jerzy Cubała (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 28, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The Capacity for Acute Exercise to Modulate Emotional Memories: A Review of Findings and Mechanisms
Publication date: Available online 25 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Dharani Keyan, Richard A. BryantAbstractAnxiety disorders, such as posttraumatic stress disorder, are underpinned by fear learning mechanisms. This review outlines how acute bouts of exercise can moderate fear memory acquisition, consolidation, and extinction. These fear memory mechanisms are central to the development and treatment of anxiety disorders. We propose that the documented effects of acute exercise directly impact key neurobiological processes implicated in fear memory modulation. Central to the relati...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Causal connection between Dissociation and Ongoing Interpersonal Violence: A systematic review
ConclusionThere is growing evidence for dissociation as a cause of interpersonal violence. However, the available evidence is still limited, and our review rather reveals an important research gap. Future longitudinal and experimental studies aimed at clarifying the role of dissociation in the context of violence should take into account the theoretical and empirical complexity around the concept of dissociation. (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

An Introductory Guide to Conducting the Trier Social Stress Test
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Izelle Labuschagne, Caitlin Grace, Peter Rendell, Gill Terrett, Markus HeinrichsAbstractThe Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) is a reliable biopsychological tool to examine the effects of acute stress on psychological and physiological functioning in humans. While the TSST reliably increases hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation, amongst other biomarkers, through a combination of social evaluative threat and uncontrollability, the original protocol is limited in methodological detail that has impacted its r...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Circuits for social learning: A unified model and application to Autism Spectrum Disorder
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Marilena M. DeMayo, Larry J. Young, Ian B. Hickie, Yun Ju C. Song, Adam J. GuastellaAbstractEarly life social experiences shape neural pathways in infants to develop lifelong social skills. This review presents the first unified circuit-based model of social learning that can be applied to early life social development, drawing together unique human developmental milestones, sensitive learning periods, and behavioral and neural scaffolds. Circuit domains for social learning are identified governing Activation, Int...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 106Author(s): (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Digging through the roots of addiction: Understanding the causes that underlie the insidious problem of substance use disorders (SUDs)
Publication date: November 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 106Author(s): Amie L. Severino, Christopher J. EvansAbstractThis issue features a selection of articles that explore mechanisms of processes that contribute to behaviors that are associated with addiction. We have identified selected articles which focus on the mechanisms underlying maladaptive consumption and affective dysregulation. In addition to the articles within this issue, we highlight the necessity of inclusive study design and acknowledgement of individual drug vulnerabilities. (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Characterising the structure of cognitive hetereogenity in schizophrenia spectrum disorder: A systematic review and narrative synthesis
Publication date: December 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 107Author(s): Sean P. Carruthers, Tamsyn E. Van Rheenen, Caroline Gurvich, Philip J. Sumner, Susan L. RossellAbstractThe aim of the present review was to systematically summarise our current understanding of the structure of the cognitive heterogeneity that exists within schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD). Fifty-two relevant studies were identified from January 1980 to March 2019 that investigated cognitive subgroups within SSD. Twenty-five studies employed classification criteria based on current neuropsychological function, 14 st...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A comparative approach to affect and cooperation
Publication date: Available online 23 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jorg J.M. Massen, Friederike Behrens, Jordan S. Martin, Martina Stocker, Sarah F. BrosnanABSTRACTA central premise of the science of comparative affect is that we can best learn about the causes and consequences of affect by comparing affective phenomena across a variety of species, including humans. We take as a given that affect is widely shared across animals, but a key challenge is to accurately represent each species' affective experience. A common approach in the comparative study of behavior and cognition i...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Emotional Bias varies with Stimulus type, Arousal and Task setting: Meta-analytic evidences
Publication date: Available online 23 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jiajin Yuan, Yu Tian, Xiting Huang, Huiyong Fan, Xuemei WeiAbstractEmotional bias, which describes human’s asymmetric processing of emotional stimuli, consists of negativity bias (Increased response to negative over positive stimuli) and positivity offset (the reversed phenomenon). Previous studies suggest that stimulus arousal (high/low), stimulus type (scenic/verbal), cultural background (Eastern/Western), and task setting (explicit/implicit) may modulate emotional bias, but with inconclusive findings. To ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Multi-Outcome Meta-Analysis (MOMA) of Cognitive Remediation in Schizophrenia: revisiting the relevance of human coaching and elucidating interplay between multiple outcomes
Publication date: Available online 23 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Lana Kambeitz-Ilankovic, Linda T. Betz, Clara Dominke, Shalaila S. Haas, Karuna Subramaniam, Melisa Fisher, Sophia Vinogradov, Nikolaos Koutsouleris, Joseph KambeitzAbstractCognitive remediation (CR) is nowadays mainly administered in a computerized fashion, yet frequently supplemented by human guidance. The effects of CR on cognitive, functional and clinical outcomes are consistently reported, yet the response is heterogeneous. In order to resolve this heterogeneity, we employed a multi-outcome meta-analytic appr...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The relation between anxious personality traits and fear generalization in healthy subjects: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 23 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Milou S.C. Sep, Anna Steenmeijer, Mitzy KennisAbstractBackgroundAnxious personality characteristics form a risk factor for anxiety disorders. A proposed mechanistic pathway is that anxious personality could lead to greater vulnerability by increasing fear generalization. Here, we investigate if there is evidence for this relationship before the onset of pathological anxiety, with a meta-analysis in healthy subjects.MethodsOur search (anxious personality & fear generalization) was performed in PubMed, PsychInfo...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

How to assess and manage cognitive impairment induced by treatments of non-central nervous system cancer
Publication date: Available online 22 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Marie Lange, Hélène Castel, Johan Le Fel, Laure Tron, Didier Maillet, Myriam Bernaudin, Omar Touzani, Joy Perrier, Mathieu Boone, Idlir Licaj, Bénédicte Giffard, Martine Dubois, Olivier Rigal, Thomas Durand, Catherine Belin, Damien Ricard, Rozenn Le Gal, Véronique Pancré, Isabelle Hardy-Léger, Florence JolyAbstractA number of neurotoxicity associated with oncological treatments has been reported in non-central nervous system cancers.An expert group presents the stat...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 23, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A potential role for microglia in stress- and drug-induced plasticity in the nucleus accumbens: A mechanism for stress-induced vulnerability to substance use disorder
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Anna G. McGrath, Lisa A. BriandAbstractStress is an important risk factor for the development of substance use disorder (SUD). Exposure to both stress and drugs abuse lead to changes in synaptic plasticity and stress-induced alterations in synaptic plasticity may contribute to later vulnerability to SUD. Recent developmental neuroscience studies have identified microglia as regulators of synaptic plasticity. As both stress and drugs of abuse lead to microglial activation, we propose this as a potential mechanism u...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 22, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A Novel Neurobehavioral Framework of the Effects of Positive Early Postnatal Experience on Incentive and Consummatory Reward Sensitivity
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Fu YuAbstractEarly postnatal experience has a profound influence on the development of organisms. In this integration, we provide a novel framework of the neurobehavioral pathways through which positive early postnatal experience acts to enhance adult reward sensitivity. The heterogeneity of the construct of reward and the underlying neurotransmitter systems (i.e., dopamine in incentive reward, opioids in consummatory reward, and oxytocin in orienting the reward systems to social cues) are first described as a mea...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 21, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Neurological and psychiatric adverse effects of long-term methylphenidate treatment in ADHD: A map of the current evidence
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Helga Krinzinger, Charlotte L Hall, Madeleine J Groom, Mohammed T Ansari, Tobias Banaschewski, Jan K Buitelaar, Sara Carucci, David Coghill, Marina Danckaerts, Ralf W Dittmann, Bruno Falissard, Peter Garas, Sarah K Inglis, Hanna Kovshoff, Puja Kochhar, Suzanne McCarthy, Peter Nagy, Antje Neubert, Samantha Roberts, Kapil SayalAbstractMethylphenidate (MPH), the most common medication for children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in many countries, is often prescribed for long periods of time. Any...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 21, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research