From pattern classification to stratification: towards conceptualizing the heterogeneity of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Thomas Wolfers, Dorothea L. Floris, Richard Dinga, Daan van Rooij, Christina Isakoglou, Seyed Mostafa Kia, Mariam Zabihi, Alberto Llera, Rajanikanth Chowdanayaka, Vinod J. Kumar, Han Peng, Charles Laidi, Dafnis Batalle, Ralica Dimitrova, Tony Charman, Eva Loth, Meng-Chuan Lai, Emily Jones, Sarah Baumeister, Caroline MoessnangAbstractPattern classification and stratification approaches have increasingly been used in research on Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) over the last ten years with the goal of translation towards c...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 20, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The failing cascade: Comorbid post traumatic stress- and opioid use disorders
Publication date: August 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 103Author(s): Igor Elman, David BorsookAbstractOpioid use disorder (OUD) is a mounting public health problem with substantial morbidity and mortality. Stress involvement in the course of OUD is generally accepted, but little is understood about the underlying neurobiological mechanisms in part due to a lack of laboratory-based models for chronic stress exposure. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be construed as a psychopathological prototype of chronic stress owing to the essential diagnostic criteria of experiencing and reliving ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 20, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Is (poly-) substance use associated with impaired inhibitory control? A mega-analysis controlling for confounders
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Yang Liu, Wery P.M. van den Wildenberg, Ysanne de Graaf, Susan L. Ames, Alexander Baldacchino, Bø Ragnhild, Fernando Cadaveira, Salvatore Campanella, Paul Christiansen, Eric D. Claus, Lorenza S. Colzato, Francesca M. Filbey, John J. Foxe, Hugh Garavan, Christian S. Hendershot, Robert Hester, Jennifer M. Jester, Hollis C. Karoly, Anja Kräplin, Fanny KreuschAbstractMany studies have reported that heavy substance use is associated with impaired response inhibition. Studies typically focused on associations wit...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 17, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

On Measuring Regression in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Commentary
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Robin P. Goin-Kochel (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 6, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Revisiting the brain activity associated with innocuous and noxious cold exposure
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Michael King, Heather CarnahanAbstractHumans have a sophisticated set of neural structures for cutaneous thermoception. Sufficiently cold temperatures are thought to evoke pain and motivation to resolve disturbed homeostasis, while cool but not painful temperatures are evaluated as cold but do not cause thermoregulatory behaviour. Brain networks for innocuous and noxious cold temperature have been proposed but a quantitative meta-analysis comparing the two has never been conducted. As a result, we sought to perform acti...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 6, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Can Rett syndrome be diagnosed before regression?
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jeffrey Lorenz Neul (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 6, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Rett syndrome and developmental regression
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Eric E. Smeets, Gillian S. Townend, Leopold M.G. Curfs (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 6, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Avoiding Beach’s Boojum Effect: Enhancing bench to bedside translation with field to laboratory considerations in optimal animal models
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Kelly Lambert, Molly Kent, Dylan VavraAbstractPioneering comparative neuroendocrinologist Frank Beach cautioned researchers of the dangers of investing too much research energy in a single species (i.e., the laboratory rat) in the pursuit of limited behavioral investigations (e.g., learning) in his 1950 article entitled The Snark was a Boojum. Over a half-century later, behavioral neuroscientists continue to focus disproportionately on rodent models and, although exciting cutting-edge neuroscience techniques are current...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Common and distinct neural correlates of fear extinction and cognitive reappraisal: a meta-analysis of fMRI studies
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): M. Picó-Pérez, M. Alemany-Navarro, J.E. Dunsmoor, J. Radua, A. Albajes-Eizagirre, B. Vervliet, N. Cardoner, O. Benet, B.J. Harrison, C. Soriano-Mas, M.A. FullanaAbstractCognitive reappraisal and fear extinction learning represent two different approaches to emotion regulation. While their respective neural correlates have been widely studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), few direct comparisons between these processes have been conducted. We conducted a meta-analysis of fMRI studies of ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A new perspective on the head direction cell system and spatial behavior
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Paul A. Dudchenko, Emma R. Wood, Anna SmithAbstractThe head direction cell system is an interconnected set of brain structures containing neurons whose firing is directionally tuned. The robust representation of allocentric direction by head direction cells suggests that they provide a neural compass for the animal. However, evidence linking head direction cells and spatial behavior has been mixed. Whereas damage to the hippocampus yields profound deficits in a range of spatial tasks, lesions to the head direction cell ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 3, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

P-curving the Fusiform Face Area: Meta-Analyses Support the Expertise Hypothesis
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Edwin J. Burns, Taylor Arnold, Cindy M. BukachAbstractPsychologists have debated whether the right fusiform face area’s (FFA) responses are domain specific to faces, or domain general for certain object categories that we have visual expertise with. This latter domain general expertise account has been criticised for basing its assumptions upon studies that suffer from small participant numbers, small effects, and statistically significant p-values that are close to .05. An additional criticism is that these findi...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 3, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Functional neuroimaging in Treatment Resistant Schizophrenia: a systematic review
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Cinzia Molent, Daniele Olivo, Robert Christian Wolf, Matteo Balestrieri, Fabio SambataroAbstractDespite the availability of several drugs, about 30% of patients with schizophrenia still fail to respond properly to a course of appropriate antipsychotic treatment. Functional neuroimaging studies have shown widespread patterns of altered activation and functional connectivity in treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). The aim of the present study was to examine the available functional magnetic resonance imaging studies i...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Quality of life instruments used in problem gambling studies: A systematic review and a meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Nicolas A. Bonfils, Henri-Jean Aubin, Amine Benyamina, Frédéric Limosin, Amandine LuquiensAbstractThe purpose of this systematic review was to identify the instruments used in original articles to measure quality of life (QOL) or health-related QOL (HRQOL) in gambling-disorder patients and to assess their suitability.The systematic literature search to identify QOL/HRQOL instruments used among gambling-disorder patients was performed in PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO databases up to November 2018. A meta-anal...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Transcranial Electrical and Magnetic Stimulation (tES and TMS) for Addiction Medicine: A consensus paper on the present state of the science and the road ahead
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Hamed Ekhtiari, Hosna Tavakoli, Giovanni Addolorato, Chris Baeken, Antonello Bonci, Salvatore Campanella, Luis Castelo-Branco, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, Vincent P. Clark, Eric Claus, Pinhas N. Dannon, Alessandra Del Felice, Tess den Uyl, Marco Diana, Massimo di Giannantonio, John R. Fedota, Paul Fitzgerald, Luigi Gallimberti, Marie Grall-Bronnec, Sarah C. HerremansAbstractThere is growing interest in non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) as a novel treatment option for substance-use disorders (SUDs). Recent momentum st...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - July 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The role of maternal immune activation in altering the neurodevelopmental trajectories of offspring: a translational review of neuroimaging studies with implications for autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Elisa Guma, Eric Plitman, M Mallar ChakravartyAbstractExposure to maternal infection in utero increases the risk that offspring will develop neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia.Research in animal models has confirmed this link and demonstrated that maternal immune activation (MIA) is sufficient to induce alterations in offspring neurodevelopment. Building homology between observations made in humans and animal models is a challenge; however, neuroimaging allows for homo...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Fizzing out: no effect of acute carbohydrate consumption on mood
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Michael D. Kendig, Margaret J. Morris (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Revisiting the possibility of reciprocal help in non-human primates
Publication date: Available online 28 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Manon K. Schweinfurth, Josep CallAbstractReciprocity is a ubiquitous and important human trait. Still, the evolutionary origin is largely unclear, partly because it is believed that our closest living relatives, other primates, do not reciprocate help. Consequently, reciprocity is suggested to have evolved in the human linage only. However, our systematic review of studies investigating reciprocity in non-human primates revealed that, contrary to common perception, there are more positive than negative findings in both...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The enigma of regression in neurodevelopmental and genetic disorders: what have we learned?
Publication date: Available online 28 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Peter B Marschik, Sven Bölte (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Locus Coeruleus-Norepinephrine Modulation of Sensory Processing and Perception: A Focused Review
Publication date: Available online 28 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jim McBurney-Lin, Ju Lu, Yi Zuo, Hongdian YangAbstractThe locus coeruleus-norepinephrine (LC-NE) system is involved in many brain functions and neurological disorders. In this review we discuss how LC-NE signaling affects the activity of cortical and subcortical sensory neurons, and how it influences perception-driven behaviors associated with mammalian somatosensory, visual, auditory, and olfactory systems. We summarize the consistent as well as seemingly inconsistent findings across brain areas and sensory modalities...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Large Animal Models of Combined Traumatic Brain Injury and Hemorrhagic Shock
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Andrew R. Mayer, Andrew B. Dodd, Meghan S. Vermillion, David D. Stephenson, Irshad H. Chaudry, Denis E. Bragin, Andrew P. Gigliotti, Rebecca J. Dodd, Benjamin C. Wasserott, Priyank Shukla, Rachel Kinsler, Sheila M. AlonzoAbstractTraumatic brain injury (TBI) and severe blood loss (SBL) frequently co-occur in human trauma, resulting in high levels of mortality and morbidity. Importantly, each of the individual post-injury cascades is characterized by complex and potentially opposing pathophysiological responses, complica...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Handedness and sex effects on lateral biases in human cradling: three meta-analyses
In conclusion, we could verify that parental handedness and sex contribute to a cradling population bias. Future studies examining genetic factors could illuminate the mechanism supporting a cradling bias. (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 27, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Progress in the development of in vivo redox measurements: new tools for longitudinal studies in Rett syndrome
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Angelisa Frasca, Francesco Bedogni, Nicoletta Landsberger (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 27, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Tau links developmental to neurodegenerative diseases
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Thomas W. Rösler, Günter U. Höglinger (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 27, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

“Average is good, Extremes are bad” – Non-linear inverted U-shaped relationship between neural mechanisms and functionality of mental features
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Georg Northoff, Shankar TumatiAbstractTraditionally, studies emphasize differences in neural measures between pathological and healthy groups, assuming a binary distinction between the groups, and a linear relationship between neural measures and symptoms. Here, we present four examples that show a continuous relation across the divide of normal and pathological states between neural measures and mental functions. This relation can be characterized by a non-linear inverted-U shaped curve. Along this cure, mid-range or ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Can fMRI discriminate between deception and false memory? A meta-analytic comparison between deception and false memory studies
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Junhong Yu, Qian Tao, Ruibin Zhang, Chetwyn C.H. Chan, Tatia M.C. LeeAbstractPrevious research has highlighted the potential of fMRI in discriminating between truth and falsehood. However, falsehoods may not necessarily represent a deliberate intention to deceive; they can be a result of false memory too. It is important to show that fMRI can discriminate between deception and false memory, before it can be applied in legal contexts for deception detection. To this end, we performed a meta-analytic comparison of brain ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

High Potency Synthetic Opioids: Curbing the Third Wave of the Opioid Crisis
Publication date: Available online 26 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Suprit Parida, Mehmet Sofuoglu (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE) model for addictive behaviors: Update, generalization to addictive behaviors beyond Internet-use disorders, and specification of the process character of addictive behaviors
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Matthias Brand, Elisa Wegmann, Rudolf Stark, Astrid Müller, Klaus Wölfling, Trevor W. Robbins, Marc N. PotenzaAbstractWe propose an updated version of the Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE) model, which we argue to be valid for several types of addictive behaviors, such as gambling, gaming, buying-shopping, and compulsive sexual behavior disorders. Based on recent empirical findings and theoretical considerations, we argue that addictive behaviors develop as a consequence of the interac...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 26, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Perspectives on regressive onset in autism: Looking forward on looking back
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Zwaigenbaum Lonnie (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 21, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Regression in Autism is Far More Common Than Once Thought
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Anders Nordahl-Hansen (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 20, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Shining the spotlight on the dark side of impulsivity
Publication date: Available online 17 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jeffrey W. Dalley (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

ERN as a transdiagnostic marker of the Internalizing-Externalizing Spectrum: a dissociable meta-analytic effect
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Rita Pasion, Fernando BarbosaAbstractThe comorbidity between discrete clinical diagnosis occurs in higher levels than prevalence rates, indicating that mental disorders are systematically overcategorized. Dimensional models – as the Internalizing-Externalizing Spectrum – claim for a common latent structure of psychopathology. The current meta-analysis aims to evaluate whether the externalizing and internalizing latent factors of the psychopathological spectrum display common and distinctive neurobiological ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Corticotropin-Releasing Factor (CRF) Circuit Modulation of Cognition and Motivation
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Sofiya Hupalo, Courtney A. Bryce, Debra A. Bangasser, Craig W. Berridge, Rita J. Valentino, Stan B. FlorescoAbstractThe neuropeptide, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), is a key modulator of physiological, endocrine, and behavioral responses during stress. Dysfunction of the CRF system has been observed in stress-related affective disorders including post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety. Beyond affective symptoms, these disorders are also characterized by impaired cognition, for which current phar...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 16, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Gene-by-environment interactions in Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Amy R. Dunn, Kristen M.S. O’Connell, Catherine C. KaczorowskiAbstractDiseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) arise from complex interactions of genetic and environmental factors, with genetic variants regulating individual responses to environmental exposures (i.e. gene-by-environment interactions). Identifying gene-by-environment interactions will be critical to fully understanding disease mechanisms and developing personalized therapeutics, though these interactions ar...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The Insula in Nicotine Use Disorder: Functional Neuroimaging and Implications for Neuromodulation
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Michael F. Regner, Jason Tregellas, Benzi Kluger, Korey Wylie, Joshua L. Gowin, Jody TanabeAbstractInsula dysfunction contributes to nicotine use disorders. Yet, much remains unknown about how insular functions promote nicotine use. We review current models of brain networks in smoking and propose an extension to those models that emphasizes the role of the insula in craving. During acute withdrawal, the insula provides the sensation of craving to the cerebrum and is thought to negotiate craving sensations with cogniti...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Commentary on “Changing Conceptualizations of Regression”: Implications for Clinical Practice and Research
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Daniel Holzinger (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Does Regression Exist? Employing Biological Markers to Stratify Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Atiqah Azhari, Farouq Azizan, Gianluca Esposito (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A Meta-Analytic Evaluation of the N2 Component as an Endophenotype of Response Inhibition and Externalizing Psychopathology in Childhood
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Caroline P. Hoyniak, Isaac T. PetersenAbstractThe N2 event-related potential component is a well-studied neurophysiological index of response inhibition that is considered to be a biomarker of externalizing psychopathology. The literature on the N2 elicited in childhood has been inconsistent, though, with different studies yielding different findings regarding the association between the N2 and the constructs it is thought to index. The current meta-analysis sought to clarify the functional meaning of the N2 component ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 14, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Representation of Human Spatial Navigation Responding to Input Spatial Information and Output Navigational Strategies: An ALE Meta-Analysis
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Yidan Qiu, Yueyue Wu, Ruiting Liu, Junjing Wang, Huiyuan Huang, Ruiwang HuangAbstractSpatial navigation is a crucial ability involving the interplay of multiple cognitive processes and is related to input spatial information (such as landmarks and orientation cues) and output navigational strategies (such as route-based and map-based). It is still not clear where is the spatial navigation system and whether these tasks evoke different activation patterns in human brain. Thus, we analyzed the reported brain activations ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 14, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Visual hallucinations, thalamocortical physiology and Lewy Body Disease: A Review
Publication date: Available online 10 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Shooka Esmaeeli, Kathleen Murphy, Gabriel M. Swords, Baher A. Ibrahim, Jeffrey W. Brown, Daniel A. LlanoAbstractOne of the core diagnostic criteria for Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) is the presence of visual hallucinations. The presence of hallucinations, along with fluctuations in the level of arousal and sleep disturbance, point to potential pathological mechanisms at the level of the thalamus. However, the potential role of thalamic dysfunction in DLB, particularly as it relates to the presence of formed visual ha...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 11, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

From cerebellar alterations to mood disorders: A systematic review
ConclusionsThe present review suggests that the cerebellum should be considered a key structure involved in the regulation of mood. (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 11, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

An Insular View of the Social Decision-Making Network
Publication date: Available online 10 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Morgan M. Rogers-Carter, John P. ChristiansonAbstractSocial animals must detect, evaluate and respond to the emotional states of other individuals in their group. A constellation of gestures, vocalizations, and chemosignals enable animals to convey affect and arousal to others in nuanced, multisensory ways. Observers integrate social information with environmental and internal factors to select behavioral responses to others via a process call social decision-making. The Social Decision Making Network (SDMN) is a syste...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 11, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Animal models of addiction: compulsive drug taking and cognition
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jean Lud Cadet (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 7, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Toward a Theory of Consciousness: A Review of The Neural Correlates of Inattentional Blindness
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Brendan T. HutchinsonAbstractThe neuroscientific study of consciousness involves examining candidate markers of consciousness under conditions where awareness varies. One such method for manipulating awareness is inattentional blindness. Whereas other methods of studying consciousness have been reviewed elsewhere, there has been little effort toward cataloguing work which has studied inattentional blindness using neuroscientific methodology. We address this by reviewing this body of literature, with key importance place...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 102Author(s): (Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews)
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Perinatal HIV as an infectious cause of developmental regression
Publication date: July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 102Author(s): Karin Nielsen-SainesAbstractAlthough many pathogens affect neurodevelopment, most do so by stalling or arresting developmental progress with damage to central nervous system (CNS) cells and circuits during fetal life, leaving lifelong sequelae after early neuronal infection. In utero infections with CNS repercussions generally result from direct infection of fetal neural cells, with varying degrees of CNS involvement depending on the stage of fetal development. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is distinct from other conditio...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Ontogeny vs. Phylogeny in Primate/Canid Comparisons: A Meta-analysis of the Object Choice Task
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Hannah Clark, Mahmoud M. Elsherif, David A. LeavensAbstractThe Object Choice Task (OCT) is a widely used paradigm with which researchers measure the ability of a subject to comprehend deictic (directional) cues, such as pointing gestures and eye gaze. There is a widespread belief that nonhuman primates evince only a weak capacity to use deictic cues; in contrast, domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) tend to demonstrate high success rates. This pattern of canid superiority has been taken to support the Domestication Hypothes...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 4, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Neurons and glial cells in bipolar disorder: a systematic review of postmortem brain studies of cell number and size
Publication date: Available online 1 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Frederieke A.J. Gigase, Gijsje J.L.J. Snijders, Marco P. Boks, Lot D. de WitteAbstractBipolar disorder (BD) is a complex neurobiological disease. It is likely that both neurons and glial cells are affected in BD, but how these cell types are changed at the structural and functional level is still largely unknown. In this review we provide an overview of postmortem studies analyzing structural cellular changes in BD, including the density, number and size of neurons and glia. We categorize the results per cell-type and v...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Understanding the link between childhood trauma and schizophrenia: a systematic review of neuroimaging studies
Publication date: Available online 1 June 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Aïda Cancel, Samy Dallel, Aïcha Zine, Wissam El-Hage, Eric FakraAbstractIncreasing evidence suggests that childhood trauma (CT) is a major risk factor for schizophrenia but the underpinning mechanisms of their association remain unclear.Our aim is to review the literature on the association between CT and brain imaging measurements in adult schizophrenia subjects.We conducted a systematic review of the existing neuroimaging literature on CT and schizophrenia. We reviewed studies considering adult subjects with...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Psychopathy and Neurodynamic Brain Functioning: A Review of EEG Research
We examined early, mid, and late level ERP processing as well as spectra analyses. The results indicate that psychopathic individuals exhibit generally unencumbered performance categorizing cognitive stimuli and demonstrate the typical facilitation of physical responses commensurate with an intact orienting response. Moreover, the results suggest that individuals with elevated psychopathic traits are especially adept at screening out distracting threat-related and other irrelevant information allowing them to allocate attention to stimuli that are goal-relevant. Those with elevated psychopathic traits also do not appear to...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - June 1, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Motivation and cognitive control in depression
Publication date: July 2019Source: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 102Author(s): Ivan Grahek, Amitai Shenhav, Sebastian Musslick, Ruth M. Krebs, Ernst H.W. KosterAbstractDepression is linked to deficits in cognitive control and a host of other cognitive impairments arise as a consequence of these deficits. Despite of their important role in depression, there are no mechanistic models of cognitive control deficits in depression. In this paper we propose how these deficits can emerge from the interaction between motivational and cognitive processes. We review depression-related impairments in key components ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - May 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research