Temporal characteristics of laryngeal penetration and aspiration in stroke patients.
This study aimed to investigate the temporal characteristics of PA in post-stroke patients in terms of the timing of the PA event and hyolaryngeal incoordination. METHODS: Fifty-eight swallows (38 stroke patients), showing PA when swallowing a thin liquid, were included. The timing of PA was classified kinematically as before or during the swallow. The movement sequence of vertical laryngeal elevation, horizontal hyoid excursion, and epiglottic rotation were compared with healthy controls. Spatiotemporal measurements, videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale parameters were compared between subgroups. RESULTS: Thirteen sw...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Soymilk ingestion immediately after therapeutic exercise enhances rehabilitation outcomes in chronic stroke patients: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Compared with rehabilitation alone, the 8-week rehabilitation program combined with immediate soymilk ingestion further improved walking speed, exercise endurance, grip strength, and muscle functionality in chronic stroke patients. PMID: 30856124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Examining various factors affecting communication skills in children with cerebral palsy.
CONCLUSIONS: Communication skills of cerebral palsied children are affected by maternal age, educational status, occupation, and child's gender, birth term, origin period of cerebral palsy, clinical type of cerebral palsy, extremity involvement, motor development level and gross motor function. But the method of delivery has no effect on the communication functions of cerebral palsied children. PMID: 30856125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The efficacy of botulinum toxin a lower limb injections in addition to physiotherapy approaches in children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of BTX-A injections in addition to physiotherapy approaches seems to have positive effect on spasticity and ROM. However, the question of whether the treatment of BTX-A plus physiotherapy has a greater improvement on functional capacity, such as gross motor function or gait parameter than only physiotherapy treatments, was inconclusive. Further investigation by rigorous studies is required. PMID: 30856126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Upper extremity disability is associated with pain intensity and grip strength in women with bilateral idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: Pain intensity and grip strength were dysfunctions affecting the upper extremity disability in women with bilateral idiopathic CTS. Rehabilitation approaches for CTS should be considered based on the adaptive activities of the neural networks. PMID: 30856127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Putting the best foot forward: Relationships between indicators of step quality and cadence in three gait vulnerable population.
CONCLUSION: Adequate angular velocity occurs with an optimal heel-to-toe movement. This heel-to-toe gait can easily be targeted during therapy but technology would be an asset to sustain the relearned movement during everyday activities, Technology that provides real-time feedback for steps with adequate angular velocity at heel strike could be a valuable therapeutic adjunct. PMID: 30856128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Scoping review of clinical rehabilitation research pertaining to traumatic brain injury: 1990-2016.
DISCUSSION: This scoping review identifies a need in the field of TBI CRR. Much of the research is aimed at mitigating impairment and controlling symptoms rather than promoting function. Future efforts by the CRR community studying TBI should address this need. PMID: 30856129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Multiple relationships between Tardieu, Kinematic data, and Wolf Motor Function Test with children with cerebral palsy.
Authors: Hwnag J, Lee JA, Cha YJ, Lee DH, You JSH Abstract BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) model in order to provide a theoretical foundation of physical therapy diagnosis and intervention. However, the multidirectional relationships between the body structure/function domain variables (spasticity and movement kinematics) and the activity domain variables (e.g. reaching, grasping, folding, and lifting abilities) using the Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Can acupuncture help adults suffering from neuropathic pain? - A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
Authors: Puljak L PMID: 30856131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Treatment interventions for pusher syndrome: A case series.
CONCLUSIONS: These outcomes provide preliminary evidence of decreased pushing behavior, and improved balance and transfers following a program of interventions designed to improve the functional outcomes of patients with PS. Larger studies are needed to confirm these findings, and whether these interventions are effective for patients with less severe pushing behavior. PMID: 30814367 [PubMed - in process] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 4, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Virtual reality during gait training: does it improve gait function in persons with central nervous system movement disorders? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: VR-enhanced gait training is an effective method to improve spatiotemporal and functional parameters in persons with CNS movement disorders. Current evidence supports that, in comparison to training without VR, for people post-stroke VR-enhanced gait training is more effective to improve gait function. Future research regarding other outcome measures and other CNS movement disorders is necessary. PMID: 30814368 [PubMed - in process] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 4, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The sensitivity and specificity of the balance evaluation systems test-BESTest in determining risk of fall in stroke patients.
Authors: Sahin IE, Guclu-Gunduz A, Yazici G, Ozkul C, Volkan-Yazici M, Nazliel B, Tekindal MA Abstract BACKGROUND: Balance disorders cause disability in stroke and increase risk of falls. The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), examines balance, determines parameters causing balance disorders, provides information on risk factors for falls. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of the BESTest in determining the risk of falls in stroke patients. METHODS: Fifty patients with chronic stroke were included in the study. Balance was assessed using BESTest, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Acti...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - March 4, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effect of vestibular rehabilitation on recovery rate and functioning improvement in patients with chronic unilateral vestibular hypofunction and bilateral vestibular hypofunction.
CONCLUSIONS: Well-planned and individually adjusted system of vestibular exercises leads to a significant decrease in clinical symptoms and improvement of functioning and confidence in activities in both the CUVH and the BVH patients. PMID: 30776020 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 20, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The association between temporal measures of swallowing with penetration and aspiration in patients with dysphagia: A meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Our pooled findings identified an association of two temporal measures with penetration and/or aspiration but none with residue. The current evidence remains limited due to the heterogeneity across studies in how swallow measures were operationalized. Future work with a standardized and reproducible approach is direly needed. PMID: 30776021 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 20, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The effects of balance and gait function on quality of life of stroke patients.
CONCLUSION: Balance and gait function must all be considered in order to improve the quality of life of stroke patients. PMID: 30741699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The influence of postural deformities on neck function and pain in patients with Parkinson's disease.
Authors: Alwardat M, Schirinzi T, Di Lazzaro G, Franco D, Imbriani P, Sinibaldi Salimei P, Mercuri NB, Pisani A Abstract BACKGROUND: Trunk alignment is thought to contribute to neck function. However, this common assumption is not clear in patients with Parkinson's disease (PwPD) suffering from different postural deformities such as: Pisa syndrome (PS), Camptocormia & Antecollis (C&A). OBJECTIVES: to investigate the effect of different postural deformities including PS and C&A on neck function and pain in patient (PwPD). METHODS: Forty-five participants belonging to three groups: 15 PD patients ...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Neuroplastic and motor behavioral changes after intermanual transfer training of non-dominant hand: A prospective fMRI study.
Authors: Jung D, Park JW, Kim YH, Sung Hyun You J Abstract BACKGROUND: Intermanual transfer of learning is an important movement basis for a keyboard and instrument playing movement. However, the issue of where neural plastic mechanism occurs in the brain after intermanual transfer training remains both controversial and unresolved. OBJECTIVE: The aim of present study is to investigate the neuroplastic mechanism associated with the interlimb transfer learning from non-dominant hand to dominant hand. METHODS: Twenty healthy right-handed adults were classified into either the control group (no-training) or th...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

A study into the feasibility of using HRV variables to guide treatment in patients with paroxystic sympathetic hyperactivity in a neurointensive step-down unit.
DISCUSSION: The cohort was small, the setting the immediate postictal period of intensive care with multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Still, changes in frequency domain were detected following therapeutic efforts. This opens up the venue of on-line monitoring of the intended therapeutic effect. PMID: 30741702 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 13, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

A follow-up study on the long-term effects of rehabilitation in children with autism spectrum disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Rehabilitation training significantly improved the core symptoms and cognitive function in children with ASD, exerting a long-term rehabilitation effect. The initial language development quotient, children's training time, and parental participation time of autistic children significantly impacted the change in ABC. PMID: 30714977 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Magnetoencephalographic evaluation for the myoelectric hand prosthesis with tacit learning system.
CONCLUSIONS: Integration and interoperability may underlie tacit learning and promote motor function-related adaptive neuroplasticity. PMID: 30714978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Immediate effects of a single treadmill session with additional ankle loading on gait in children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy.
Authors: Simão CR, Regalado ICR, Spaniol AP, Fonseca DOS, Ribeiro TS, Lindquist AR Abstract BACKGROUND: Children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy are often characterized by reduced speed progression, shorter step length, and increased support base. These kinematic alterations result in inefficient gait. OBJECTIVE: To assess the immediate effects of treadmill training with additional lower limb loading on kinematic gait parameters in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational study, involved 20 children with hemiparetic CP that underwent single treadmill session wit...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

A stimulus for eating. The use of neuromuscular transcutaneous electrical stimulation in patients affected by severe dysphagia after subacute stroke: A pilot randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Simonelli M, Ruoppolo I G, Iosa M, Morone G, Fusco A, Grasso MG, Gallo A, Paolucci S Abstract BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a common problem in subacute stroke patients leading to aspiration pneumonia and malnutrition. Non-invasive neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) coupled with traditional therapy could be best treatment option for patients with post-stroke dysphagia, however results are still inconclusive and more studies are requested. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of laryngopharyngeal neuromuscular electrical stimulation on dysphagia caused by strok...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Correlation of falls in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis with objective measures of balance, strength, and spasticity.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a relationship between LE weakness and number of falls in the ALS population. Preventing disuse-related LE muscle weakness and education of need for external support may decrease the number of falls experienced by individuals with ALS. PMID: 30714981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Which interventions are useful for managing muscle spasticity in individuals who sustained traumatic brain injury? - A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
Authors: Laxe S PMID: 30714982 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 6, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Immediate effect of kinesio taping on knee extensor torque of children with Cerebral Palsy: Three case reports.
CONCLUSION: KT may increase muscle strength in children with CP. PMID: 30412508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Cognitive rehabilitation, self-management, psychotherapeutic and caregiver support interventions in progressive neurodegenerative conditions: a scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS: The limited range of studies for all conditions except MS suggests a need firstly to synthesise systematically the available evidence across conditions and secondly to develop well-designed studies to provide evidence about the effectiveness of CR and other psychological interventions. PMID: 30412509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Dysphagia in cerebral hypoxia.
In conclusion, dysphagia in patients with cerebral hypoxia is a common complication particularly in the early stages of remission, while long-term prognosis with respect to swallowing is often good. Swallowing function should be closely monitored in patients with acquired brain injury. PMID: 30412510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The utility of clinical criteria in patients with chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevention and neurorehabilitation of CTE depends on clinical diagnosis, but, without a biomarker, the clinical diagnosis of CTE remains difficult. This report suggests that clinical criteria for CTE may be greatly improved with emphasis on several critical historical and clinical correlates of CTE. PMID: 30412511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Feasibility and outcome of an individualized Tai Chi program for improving balance and strength in the elderly: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary result suggests that the individualized Tai Chi program is potentially effective to improve balance function and knee extensor strength of the elderly. PMID: 30400109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Assessing the sensitivity and specificity of cognitive screening measures for people with parkinson's disease.
CONCLUSION: The MMSE and DRS-2 have excellent discriminant ability to classify multi-domain cognitive impairment in PD, however, their ability to detect more focal cognitive impairment is limited. Given that focal domain may be an indicator that could be useful in early detection of cognitive impairment for people with PD, this finding has implication for the use of these measures as screening tools in clinical practice. PMID: 30400110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Initial severity of somatosensory impairment influences response to upper limb sensory retraining post-stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The effect of somatosensory retraining on post-treatment sensation was proportional to the extent of upper limb initial somatosensory impairment. Findings suggest sensory retraining can benefit stroke survivors of varying severity of sensory impairment, including those with more severe somatosensory loss. PMID: 30400111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Do trunk exercises improve trunk and upper extremity performance, post stroke? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Trunk exercises improve trunk performance for people with acute, subacute and chronic strokes. As yet there is no evidence to support the effect of trunk exercise on upper limb function. PMID: 30400112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Relationship between the rate of force development in knee extensor muscles and gait speed in patients with chronic stroke: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that various factors related to the RFD of affected knee extensor muscles, such as neural drive and muscle size, affect gait speed. PMID: 30400113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Cognitive functioning following traumatic brain injury: The first 5 years.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings show that there is considerable heterogeneity in cognitive outcome following TBI, with some deterioration evident over the long term. PMID: 30400114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Improving gait and lower-limb muscle strength in children with cerebral palsy following selective percutaneous myofascial lengthening and functional physiotherapy.
This study investigated the change in gait function and muscle strength in children with CP who underwent gait laboratory assessment before and after SPML, combined with obturator nerve blocks, and 9-month post-surgical functional physiotherapy. METHODS: Ten children with bilateral spastic CP, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level II-IV, age 5-7 years, participated in this study. The Global Gait Graph Deviation Index (Global GGDI) and isometric muscle strength (hand-held dynamometry) were the primary outcome measures. Changes in spatiotemporal gait parameters, gross motor function and GMFCS level wer...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Dose-response relationship of transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation in healthy humans: A proof of concept study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate tsDCS effects are dose-dependent. These effects should be investigated in a larger sample. PMID: 30400116 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The development and pilot evaluation of virtual reality balance scenarios in people with multiple sclerosis (ms): A feasibility study.
Authors: Khalil H, Al-Shorman A, El-Salem K, Alghwiri AA, Al-Shorafat D, Khazaaleh S, Abu Foul L Abstract BACKGROUND: Balance deficits are considered a risk factor for falls in MS patients. Therefore, developing innovative approaches such as virtual reality (VR) to improve balance in MS is required. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to develop and evaluate feasibility and acceptability of VR scenarios that target balance in MS using a pilot trial. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to either a VR training (i.e. intervention group) (n = 20) or a control group (n = 20). Intervention g...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Treadmill exercise training could attenuate the upregulation of Interleukin-1 β and tumor necrosis factor alpha in the skeletal muscle of mouse model of chronic/progressive Parkinson disease.
Treadmill exercise training could attenuate the upregulation of Interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor alpha in the skeletal muscle of mouse model of chronic/progressive Parkinson disease. NeuroRehabilitation. 2018 Nov 02;: Authors: Al-Jarrah MD, Erekat NS Abstract BACKGROUND: Induction of Parkinson disease (PD) causes IL-1β and TNF-α upregulation in gastrocnemius skeletal muscles. Endurance exercise suppresses iNOS and HSP90 overexpression in PD skeletal muscle. The purpose of this study is to test the impact of treadmill exercise training on PD-associated IL-1β and TNF-α ...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Energetic cost of walking and spasticity in persons with multiple sclerosis with moderate disability.
Authors: Jeng B, Sandroff BM, Motl RW Abstract BACKGROUND: The energetic cost of walking (Cw) is elevated in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). This may be explained by spasticity and spatiotemporal parameters of gait. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among Cw, spasticity of ankle plantarflexors, and spatiotemporal gait parameters in persons with MS who had moderate disability. METHODS: The sample included 44 persons with MS who had moderate disability. Cw was measured over-ground during the 6-Minute Walk using indirect calorimetry and was calculated based on net oxygen consumption and walking spee...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 9, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Objective measures of sleep and wakefulness in patients with moderate to severe brain injury on an inpatient rehabilitation unit. Pearls and pitfalls of actigraph monitoring.
CONCLUSIONS: Set interval scoring is the most efficient method to determine the rest interval in TBI patients. The use of event markers was an unreliable method to determine rest period. PMID: 30373965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Sleep and sleep disorders following traumatic brain injury: An introduction.
Authors: Ripley DL PMID: 30373966 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Does cognitive rehabilitation improve occupational outcomes including employment and activities of daily living, as well as quality of life and community integration in individuals with traumatic brain injury? - A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
Authors: Oral A PMID: 30373967 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 1, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The Interplay between neuroendocrine and sleep alterations following traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Sleep and hormonal alterations impact cognitive and functional outcome after TBI. Diagnosis and treatment of these disturbances will impact recovery following TBI and should be considered in the post-acute rehabilitative setting. PMID: 30347624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Sleep and fatigue after TBI.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for more robust findings in determining the complex nature of relationships between PTBIF, sleep disturbance, and correlates. Longitudinal prospective data is required to increase our understanding of the nature and course of PTBIF and sleep disturbance post TBI. Large scale clinical trials are required in evaluating the potential benefits of interventions. PMID: 30347625 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Assessment of sleep after traumatic brain injury (TBI).
CONCLUSIONS: Through skilled assessment, clinicians can assess sleep following TBI and the most applicable interventions can be chosen with the hopes of reducing additional symptom burden and optimizing functioning. PMID: 30347626 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Association of sleep with neurobehavioral impairments during inpatient rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Sleep disturbance during inpatient rehabilitation is associated with neurobehavioral impairments after TBI. TST measured by actigraphy may be limited by sleep detection algorithms that have not been validated in certain patient populations. Considerations should be made regarding the feasibility of using wearable sensors in patients with cognitive and behavioral impairments. Challenges regarding actigraphy for sleep monitoring in the brain injury population are discussed. PMID: 30347627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Sleep disturbance and cognition in people with TBI.
CONCLUSIONS: Additional information is needed on how severity of injury impacts sleep and cognition. Hypothesized mechanisms underlying the effects of sleep on cognition in TBI should be empirically tested. Further, discrepancies between objective and subjective measures of sleep and cognition must be explored. PMID: 30347628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Nonpharmacological management of sleep disturbances after traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Typical management include conservative measures and pharmacologic treatment. This article provides a review of the available nonpharmacologic treatment options for sleep disorders in patients with traumatic brain injury. There are a number of non-pharmacological treatment methods available for treatment of sleep disorders in this population. PMID: 30347629 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Pharmacological management of sleep after traumatic brain injury.
This article reviews key pharmacologic treatment principles and agents to consider for use in the treatment of TBI-related SWD. In addition, it highlights available research literature that has examined the use of sleep medications in this unique population. PMID: 30347630 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Sleep after TBI: How the TBI model systems have advanced the field.
CONCLUSIONS: Future directions for the SIG include continued development of available knowledge and understanding of the multidimensional factors that contribute to TBI-related sleep disturbance, optimal assessment tools, effectiveness of available treatments, and treatment compliance in this population. PMID: 30347631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - October 25, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research