Cardiovascular, perceived exertion and affective responses during aerobic exercise performed with imposed and a self-selected intensity in patients with Parkinson's disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Cardiovascular and psychophysiological responses were not different during aerobic exercise performed with II and with SSI in patients with PD. PMID: 33523029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 2, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Motor learning-based activities may improve functional ability in adults with severe cerebral palsy: A controlled pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The study provides support that activities based on motor learning principles may improve gross motor function in adults with severe CP. PMID: 33523030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 2, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Sensorineural hearing loss imprint on fine motor skills: A pediatric and adolescent innovative study.
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that children with sensorineural hearing loss have a defect in their fine motor skills when compared to normal children of the same gender and age groups according to Bruininks-Oseretsky scale. PMID: 33523031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - February 2, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Enhancing sensory acuity and balance function using near-sensory biofeedback-based perturbation intervention for individuals with traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides preliminary efficacy of a novel, near-sensory balance intervention for individuals with TBI. The use of PPT is suggested for a comprehensive understanding and treatment of balance dysfunction. The promising results support the investigation in a larger cohort. PMID: 33386818 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Gamma frequencies as a predictor for the accomplishment of a motor task guided through the action observation network.
CONCLUSION: Gamma oscillations with frequencies between 41 and 49,75 Hz, seem to be an adequate EEG marker for motor performance guided through the action observation network. The technology used for this paper is easy to use, low-cost and presents valid measurements for the recommended oscillatory frequencies, implying a possible use on rehabilitation, by collecting data in real-time during therapeutic interventions and assessments. PMID: 33386819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The functional assessment for control of trunk (FACT): An assessment tool for trunk function in stroke patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Trunk impairment at admission assessed by FACT could predict functional prognosis. The English version of FACT was created and further demonstrated the validity of FACT. PMID: 33386820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Adaptive changes in muscle activity after cryotherapy treatment: Potential mechanism for improvement the functional state in patients with multiple sclerosis.
Authors: Radecka A, Knyszyńska A, Łuczak J, Lubkowska A Abstract BACKGROUND: The available literature lacks data about the influence of whole body cryotherapy (WBC) on muscle activity in patients with sclerosis multiplex (MS). OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the influence of the 20 WBC series on the surface electromyography (sEMG) signal and the relationship between it and the functional state in patients with MS. METHODS: The study group was 114 of MS patients (aged 45.24±11.88yr.,) which 74 of them received 20 of WBC. An assessment was made of: the hand grip (HGS), Timed 25-Foot Walk, Fatigue Severity S...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Functional status and oral health in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A cross-sectional study.
Authors: de Sire A, Invernizzi M, Ferrillo M, Gimigliano F, Baricich A, Cisari C, De Marchi F, Foglio Bonda PL, Mazzini L, Migliario M Abstract BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting upper and lower motor neurons. The current practice of caring for patients affected by ALS involves a multidisciplinary team without any indication about oral health care. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the functional status and oral health in patients with ALS to define a specific multidisciplinary management. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Lesion-based structural and functional networks in patients with step length asymmetry after stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may have an important role in compensating for an asymmetric step length after a unilateral stroke. PMID: 33386823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Electroencephalogram-based neurofeedback training in persons with stroke: A scoping review in occupational therapy.
CONCLUSION: This review demonstrated the effectiveness of the combination of occupational therapy and EEG-based neurofeedback training. Most of these treatments are intended for inpatients, but they may be more effective for outpatients, especially if customized to their requirements. Also, such explorations to assess the suitability of the treatment for patient rehabilitation will help reduce barriers to effective interventions. An analysis of the opinions of participants and experts through satisfaction surveys will be helpful. PMID: 33386824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Combined cognitive and motor training improves the outcome in the early phase after stroke and prevents a decline of executive functions: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Combined CMT may enhance cognition and motor relearning early after stroke and is superior to single motor training. Further studies are needed to replicate these results and investigate long-term benefits. PMID: 33386825 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effects of aerobic cycling training on mobility and functionality of acute stroke subjects: A randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Conventional physiotherapy combined with cycling exercise showed better results in the improvement of muscle strength of lower limbs, mobility and functionality of subjects who suffered from acute stroke. PMID: 33386826 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Can herbal medicinal products or preparations alleviate neuropathic pain in adults? A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to suggest that herbal products/preparations have any efficacy in any neuropathic pain conditions. The current evidence is of very low quality resulting in serious uncertainties about the estimates of effect observed. PMID: 33386827 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - January 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Feasibility of training using full immersion virtual reality video game in a young stroke survivor: A case report.
CONCLUSION: There were no adverse events reported. This case report suggests that training using a full-immersion virtual reality video game may be an effective method to improve motor function, balance, and gait in a young stroke survivor. PMID: 33361614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - December 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Short-term and sustained effects of a three-week neuro-developmental treatment intensive: A case series report.
CONCLUSIONS: This study supports emerging research regarding the effectiveness of intensive intervention and further study of current NDT interventions. PMID: 33361615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - December 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Assessing lifetime exposure to traumatic brain injury among an international sample of Spanish speakers.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide preliminary evidence of validity for three of the indices derived from OSU TBI-ID SAB among Spanish-speaking individuals. Further study is needed to assess other aspects of this instrument to pave the way for further epidemiological studies involving lifetime exposure to TBI among Spanish-speaking individuals across the U.S., Spain, and Latin America. PMID: 33361616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - December 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy for reducing anxiety symptoms following traumatic brain injury: A meta-analysis and systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis tentatively supports the view that CBT interventions may be effective in reducing anxiety symptoms in some patients following TBI, however the effect sizes are smaller than those reported for non-TBI clinical populations. Clinical implications and limitations of the current meta-analysis are discussed. PMID: 33361617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - December 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effects of coupling inhibitory and facilitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on motor recovery in patients following acute cerebral infarction.
CONCLUSIONS: Facilitatory rTMS and coupling inhibitory produced extra satisfactory results in facilitating the motor's recovery in the subacute and acute phase following stroke compared to that acquired from alone single-course modulation. PMID: 33361618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - December 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Rehabilitation in primary lateral sclerosis mimicking parkinsonism: A case report.
CONCLUSION: Thanks to the synergistic action of a combined treatment of physical and instrumental therapy, despite the rare pathology and complex disability, the patient had important benefits in terms of performance and independence in daily activity. PMID: 33164952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions in brain plasticity, balance and functional ability in acute stroke survivors: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Neurorestoration protocol that combined several established physiotherapy interventions was effective in improving balance and functional ability of stroke patients in only a seven days period. PMID: 33164953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Functional improvement related to enrolment in a Parkinson's disease rehabilitation program.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of outpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation. METHODS: 179 patients participated in the six-week program. The following outcomes were measured: Timed Up and Go (TUG), sit to stand five times (STSx5) and in 30 seconds (STS30), six minute walk distance (6MWD) and gait velocity (6MWV), MOCA, bilateral grip strength, 360-degree turn (360 R, 360 L) and bilateral nine hole peg test. Pre- and post- data was analyzed via paired t-tests. Multiple regression was used to determine age- or gender-affected outcomes. RESULTS: Patients showed a statistically significant improvement (p 
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effectiveness of spiritual care training for rehabilitation professionals: An exploratory controlled trial.
Authors: Jones KF, Pryor J, Care-Unger C, Descallar J, Simpson GK Abstract BACKGROUND: Spirituality has been recognised to play an important role in neurorehabilitation, however research findings indicate that rehabilitation professionals do not feel well equipped to deliver spiritual care. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a spiritual care training program for rehabilitation professionals. METHODS: An exploratory controlled trial was conducted. Participants enrolled in a two-module spiritual care training program. Spiritual care competency was measured with the Spiritual Care Competency Scale. Confidence and comfort ...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The effects of dynamic neuromuscular stabilization on respiratory function, fatigue and activities of daily living in subacute stroke patients: A randomized control trial.
Authors: Yoon HS, Cha YJ, You JSH Abstract BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) and dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS)- based exercise is effective for improving core stability and postural control in stroke patients. However, no study has reported respiratory function, increased fatigue and ADL function in subacute stroke patients by training using NDT and DNS exercises. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of DNS and NDT exercises on respiratory function, fatigue and activities of daily living in individuals with hemiparetic stroke. METHODS: Thirty-one participants with hemiparetic stroke (1...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Fall-related cognition, motor function, functional ability, and depression measures in older adults with dementia.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that falling is significantly related to impaired cognition, reduced muscle strength, impaired balance, gait, and activities of daily living abilities, and depression in older adults with dementia. PMID: 33164957 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Physical performance outcome measures used in exercise interventions for adults with childhood-onset disabilities: A scoping review.
CONCLUSION: Certain interventions may improve physical performance, but there is a lack of research on appropriate exercise interventions and physical performance outcome measures for adults with childhood-onset disabilities. Different exercise interventions should be investigated using larger sample sizes and outcome measures should be standardized. PMID: 33164958 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The efficacy of cognitive-cycling dual-task training in patients with early-stage Parkinson's disease: A pilot study.
CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that cognitive-cycling DT training improves the motor functions, gait and cognitive performances of PD patients. PMID: 33136071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effect of robot-assisted gait training on motor functions in adolescent and young adult patients with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Klobucká S, Klobucký R, Kollár B Abstract BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) allows an intensive gait training in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). There are few evidences on the effectiveness of RAGT in adults with CP. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of RAGT on gross motor function in adolescent and adult patients with bilateral spastic CP and to compare the effect of RAGT with conventional kinesiotherapy. METHODS: Forty-seven patients (mean age 21.2±5.33 years) with bilateral spastic CP were divided into two groups. Twenty-one patients underwent 20 therap...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Psychometric characteristics of the BEITI - an assessment scale of daily functioning.
Authors: Frenkel M, Eckstein N, Frenkel-Toledo S Abstract BACKGROUND: BEITI is a comprehensive test of a wide range of basic and extended daily functioning. It was developed for physiotherapists in the community to enable increased sensitivity in detecting changes in the functioning of patients with different diagnoses. BEITI was found to be valid, reliable and valuable in terms of the time and effort involved. Its clinical properties as a measurement in inpatients with brain lesions is yet to be determined. OBJECTIVE: To translate BEITI from Hebrew into English, and explore its psychometric properties in inpat...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effect of trunk stabilization exercise on abdominal muscle thickness, balance and gait abilities of patients with hemiplegic stroke: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Lee JY, Jeon J, Lee DY, Hong J, Yu J, Kim J Abstract BACKGROUND: Trunk stability has been identified as an important prerequisite of functional movement. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of core muscle contraction training on abdominal muscle thickness, balance, and gait ability in stroke patients. METHODS: Thirty patients with stroke were randomly assigned to two experimental groups and a control group. All groups received conventional therapeutic exercise program for six weeks. The experimental groups additionally trained trunk stability exercise with abdominal hollowing or bracing man...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Association of affected lower limb flexor muscle strength with swing phase duration and gait speed in elderly post-stroke patients.
Authors: Moftah E, Vennu V, Abdulrahman TA, Alnahdi AH, Balubaid H, Alghamdi G, Alonazi S, Abunassif S, Bindawas SM Abstract BACKGROUND: Although several studies have shown an association of muscle weakness with gait speed (GS), no study has explored the relationship of muscle strength with swing phase duration and GS after stroke among the elderly in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of affected ankle dorsiflexor and hip flexor muscle strength with swing phase duration and GS in the elderly with different stroke chronicity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included a total of 60...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change of the Balance Evaluation Systems Test and its two abbreviated versions in persons with mild to moderate spinocerebellar ataxia: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The BESTest and its abbreviated versions had high test-retest reliability. The MDC values of the BESTest could enable clinicians and researchers to interpret changes in the balance of patients with SCA more precisely. PMID: 33136076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Low frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation in subacute ischemic stroke: Number of sessions that altered cortical excitability.
CONCLUSION: The pattern of recovery after stroke is extensive and not all factors could be controlled. Application of LF-rTMS in conjugation with a selected physical therapy program for the upper limb from four to eight sessions seems to be efficient. PMID: 33136077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Efficacy of task-specific circuit training on physical activity levels and mobility of stroke patients: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: TSCT focused on both UL and LL was not effective on PA levels and mobility of individuals with chronic stroke, however, improvements in quality of life were observed. Since this is the first study to investigate this combined training aimed at improving PA levels, future studies are necessary to better understand the impact of this type of intervention. PMID: 33136078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Are epidural corticosteroid injections effective for lumbosacral radicular pain? A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
CONCLUSIONS: Epidural corticosteroid injection is slightly more effective than placebo for leg pain and disability at short-term follow up. Clinicians and patients however should be informed of the small effect size of the treatment. PMID: 33136079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Neurogenic pain disorders.
Authors: Zasler ND PMID: 32986617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Complex regional pain syndrome: An updated comprehensive review.
Authors: Kessler A, Yoo M, Calisoff R Abstract Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a complex disorder that can have a significant impact on the quality of life of a person with this syndrome. The diagnosis and treatment of CRPS are often difficult as there is no one confirmatory test and no one definitive treatment. Currently, the most widely accepted clinical diagnostic criteria are the Budapest criteria, which were developed by expert consensus. Though no one single treatment has been found to be universally effective, early detection and an interdisciplinary approach to treatment appear to be key in treatin...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Peripheral neuropathic pain.
This article will focus on the epidemiology, classifications, pathology, non-invasive treatments and invasive treatments as a general review of NP involving the peripheral nervous system. NP has characteristic symptomatology such as burning and electrical sensations. It occurs in up to 10% of the general population. Its frequency can be attributed to its occurrence in neck and back pain, diabetes and patients receiving chemotherapy. There are a wide range of pharmacologic options to control this type of pain and when such measures fail, numerous interventional methods can be employed such as nerve blocks and implanted stim...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Central pain syndromes.
Authors: Hassaballa D, Harvey RL Abstract The management of pain in persons with neurological injuries is challenging and complex. A holistic view and clinical approach are necessary when addressing pain in patients with neurological impairment because interpreting signs and symptoms and deciphering sources of pain is never a straightforward process. This problem is further magnified with the management of central pain syndromes. The best approach is to have a good understanding of the clinical characteristics commonly found in this patient population, in particular for patients with stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS)...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Craniofacial neuralgias.
This article will review the nerves responsible for neuropathic pain in periorbital, periauricular, and occipital regions, distinct from idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia. The infratrochlear, supratrochlear, supraorbital, lacrimal, and infraorbital nerves mediate periorbital neuralgia. Periauricular neuralgia may involve the auriculotemporal nerve, the great auricular nerve, and the nervus intermedius. The greater occipital nerve, lesser occipital nerve, and third occipital nerve transmit occipital neuralgias. A wide range of treatment options exist, from modalities to surgery, and the evidence behind each is reviewed. P...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Residual limb pain: An evidence-based review.
Authors: Stover G, Prahlow N Abstract Acquired limb loss, whether from accident or amputation, occurs with an incidence of greater than 175,000 per year in the United States. Current prevalence is estimated at greater than 1.5 million and is expected to double within 30 years. While many patients with amputations may have no significant pain or sensory issues after healing from the initial loss, one-quarter to one-half of patients may have ongoing difficulties with residual limb pain, phantom limb pain, or phantom limb sensation. This review explores the potential etiologies of those symptoms, as well as a variety ...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Post-traumatic cephalalgia.
Authors: Dwyer B, Zasler N Abstract After traumatic brain injury (TBI), a host of symptoms of varying severity and associated functional impairment may occur. One of the most commonly encountered and challenging to treat are the post-traumatic cephalalgias. Post-traumatic cephalalgia (PTC) or headache is often conceptualized as a single entity as currently classified using the ICHD-3. Yet, the terminology applicable to the major primary, non-traumatic, headache disorders such as migraine, tension headache, and cervicogenic headache are often used to specify the specific type of headache the patients experiences see...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Functional pain disorders - more than nociplastic pain.
Authors: Popkirov S, Enax-Krumova EK, Mainka T, Hoheisel M, Hausteiner-Wiehle C Abstract BACKGROUND: Nociplastic pain has been recently introduced as a third mechanistic descriptor of pain arising primarily from alterations of neural processing, in contrast to pain due to tissue damage leading to nociceptor activation (nociceptive) or due to lesion or disease of the somatosensory nervous system (neuropathic). It is characterized by hyperalgesia and allodynia, inconsistency and reversibility, as well as dynamic cross-system interactions with biological and psychobehavioral factors. Along with this renewed understand...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Can cognitive rehabilitation improve attention deficits following stroke? - A  Cochrane Review summary with commentary.
CONCLUSIONS: The the low methodological quality and small number of studies means current evidence provides limited clinical guidance. Clearly more research is needed to inform care: researchers must improve the methodological quality of studies, plus fully consider and report the aspects of attention and function addressed in their work. PMID: 32986625 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - September 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Comparison of the effects of treadmill and vibration training in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Durgut E, Cahid Orengul A, Algun ZC Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of treadmill training (TT) and whole body vibration training (WBVT) on attention, severity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and impairment of executive function behaviors, and quality of life in children with ADHD. METHODS: Thirty children (7-11 years of age) with ADHD were randomly assigned to either the 'TT' group or the 'WBVT in addition to TT' group (TT + WBVT). Both groups received TT for 8 weeks (3 days/week). The TT + WBWT group also received WBVT for 15 min...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Effect of dynamic guidance-tubing short foot gait exercise on muscle activity and navicular movement in people with flexible flatfeet.
CONCLUSIONS: The result of this study provides a clinical implication for training MLA supporter muscles in individuals with flat feet. The overactive muscle must be inhibited first, then facilitation and strengthening are followed respectively. PMID: 32741785 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

A population study on the epidemiology and outcome of brain injuries in intensive care.
CONCLUSION: Trends as described in the study emphasize the importance of continuous evaluation of TBI epidemiology and outcome in different countries. PMID: 32741786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Influence of vestibular rehabilitation on the recovery of all vestibular receptor organs in patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction.
CONCLUSIONS: Vestibular rehabilitation has a positive effect on the recovery of all vestibular receptor organs and it should be used in patients with IOD. PMID: 32741787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

The effect of additional neuromuscular electrical stimulation applied to erector spinae muscles on functional capacity, balance and mobility in post stroke patients.
Authors: Bilek F, Deniz G, Ercan Z, Cetisli Korkmaz N, Alkan G Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of neuromuscular electric stimulation applied to the erector spinae on balance, motor function and functional capacity in patients with stroke in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty patients with stroke were recruited and randomly distributed into two groups: control group and neuromuscular electric stimulation group. All participants underwent conventional physical therapy five times a week for six weeks. The neuromuscular electric stimulation group received addition...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Te.M.P.O., an app for using temporal musical mismatch in post stroke neurorehabilitation: A preliminary randomized controlled study.
CONCLUSION: The temporal negative mismatch-based therapy performed with the Te.M.P.O. application could be useful in improving the disability and the quality of life in stroke survivors in a sub-acute phase. PMID: 32741789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research

Impact of smart force feedback rehabilitation robot training on upper limb motor function in subacute stage of stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Both RRT and traditional occupational therapy training are useful for the recovery of upper limb motor function and daily life ability in the sub-acute stage of stroke. PMID: 32741790 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: NeuroRehabilitation)
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - August 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research